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Asia in 1200 AD, showing the Yadav a Dynasty and its neighbors.

Jadeja(Gujarati: જાડેજા Hindi: जाडेजा) is the name of a major clan of Chandravanshi Rajputs . The Chandravanshi[1], claiming descent from Yadu Ancestry, the Hindu Moon-God, in English known as the Lunar Dynasty. They ruled huge parts of Kathiawar peninsula and Kutch as Kings until India's independence in 1947.

Contents

Origins

Jadeja clan is a branch of the Lunar or Chandravanshi kshatriya line of Rajputs, who trace their origin to Lord Krishna, and are amongst the original 36 Royal Dynasties of old. The Jadejas ruled vast areas and had many kingdoms, notably Kutch, Nawanagar, Rajkot, Morbi, Gondal, Dhrol.There are varying accounts on the origin of the Jadejas. It is believed that Jadejas ruled over parts of Persia, Afghanistan then later acquired parts of Sindh. Jadejas trace their lineage to Hindu Samma (tribe) Rajputs who ruled the lower part of Sindh. The Sammas reign over Sindh is considered as the Golden age of Sindh, widely stated and noted by various scholers and historians.

The dominant races in Kutch previous to the 9th century of Christian era were, the Chavdas, Kathees and Waghela, they ruled the western, central and the eastern parts of Kutch respectively,towards the end of 8th century AD, the reigning prince of Thatta in Sindh was samma rajput named Lakho Ghuraro, he had eight sons by two wives, the eldest son being Unad from the first wife and the other being Mod by a wife from Chawda tribe, being eldest Unad succeeded the throne by virtue of his primogeniture, shortly afterwards brothers Mod and Manai started planning against the life of Unad in order to usurp his throne. However they did not succeed and found it necessary to go in exile with their followers to Kutch where they had maternal relations with Chawda tribe,after arrival in Kutch, Mod had a dispute with his maternal Uncle Chawda Whagum who was the ruler of Eastern Kutch,after killing him, he assumed the sovereignty of the province. There is no concrete information available for the period that followed except the names of the rulers up to five generations, they were Jam Mod, Jam Saad, Jam Phool, Jam Lakho Phoolani and Jam Pooeronjee, it is important to note here that Lakho Phoolani is the most revered and cherished warrior in the history of kutch and Saurashtra, after the death of Jam pooeronjee , absence of the legitimate heir caused the break in the direct succession. The widow of the deceased Jam in order to maintain her status, sent for the son of Jada by the name of Lakho, he was by caste a samma rajput as had all the previous Jams from the time of Mod. Henceforward the descendents of Lakho were called Jadejas. The name Jadeja means “ Belonging to Jada “ in Kutchi and sindhi language and is pronounced as " Jaa day jaa ".

History

Jam Lakho Jadani is attributed to the surname Jadeja being adopted for all his descendents, this Lakho Jadani reigned in Kutch between AD 1147 – 1175,and had one heir to the gaddi(throne), Jam Rato Raydhan, Rato means Red in Kutchi, and he was so called because he use to tie Red cloth across his Pugree to prevent it from dislodging during battles. Jam Rato Raydhan had four sons namely, Jam Othaji, Dedaji, Hothiji and Gajanji and they were given the territories of Lakhirviro, Kanthkot, Gajod and Bara respectively in Kutch. As Othaji was the eldest he ascended to the throne and the rest became a part of Bhayyat or the Brotherhood, Bhayyat is the term used for all the descendents of the royal family who own and control their own domains allocated to them within the state and adhere to the feudal system. Over the years, there was constant skirmishes due to jealousy that marred within these houses, until they merged in two groups of Othaji and Gajanji. The first incident among these which changed the history of kutch is the murder of Jam Hamirji, of Lakhiarviro, chief of eldest branch of Jadeja and descendent of Othaji by Jam Rawal of Bara. It is believed that Jam Rawul attributed the murder of his father Jam Lakhaji to Hamirji, as he was killed within the territory of Lakhiarviro, and on the pretence of resolving the dispute between the two branches, took a fake oath of Maa Aashapura, The supreme deity of Jadejas, invited Hamirji and killed him by deceit. During this time Alioji and Khengarji, two sons of Hamirji were in Ahmedabad and escaped the complete destruction of the royal family perpetuated by Jam Rawul .thereafter Jam rawul usurped the throne of kutch and reigned with supreme authority , Khengarji was 15 years old when his father was murdered, he enlisted in to the army of Mohamad shah Begdo, during one Royal Hunting party, Khengar killed a Lion and saved the life of Sultan for which he was asked to name his reward, the prime ambition of Khengar was to regain Kutch and hence he asked for support to fight Jam Rawal, whereby he was given 1000 soldiers and complete access to Morvi and given a title of Rao by the sultan Mohamad shah begdo of Ahmedabad, Rao Khengar with the support of well wishers within Kutch and Morvi fought with Jam Rawal and slowly started gaining the terretories of Rapar and nearby villages, as Khengar was the rightful hier to the throne he was welcomed and dissent towards Jam Rawal grew within the state of kutch, until eventually Jam Rawal fled to Saurashtra and established himself at Nawanagar. Khengar became the 1st Rao of Kutch in AD 1549.

The first six Rao's of Kutch ascended the throne in regular succession according to primogeniture, as follows

Rao Khengarji AD 1549, Rao Bharmalji AD 1585, Rao Bhojrajji AD 1631, Rao Khengarji II AD 1645, Rao Tamachiji AD 1654, Rao Raydhunji AD 1665.

After the demise of Rao Raydhunji this regularity of succession was deviated, Pragji the third son of Raydhunji Murdered Ravaji the eldest son and hier to the throne during his fathers reign, his second brother Nagulji had died of natural causes before, both the brothers,however had left sons, who by right were entitled to succeed the throne of kutch, but as they were young, Pragji eventually usurped the throne of Kutch. Kayanji, the eldest son of murdered Ravaji was given Morvi, from where he unsuccessfully tried many a times to regain his rightful throne of Kutch.

The descendents of Kanyoji Jadeja settled in Morvi and are called Kanyani. Thus State of Morvi was formed.


All Jadeja Royal families of Gujarat originate from Kutch, The descendents of Jam Rawul eventually formed the state of Jamnagar,Rajkot and Gondal.

The Jadeja clans that played major roles in helping to conquer Nawanagar from the Jethwa Rajputs, by aiding Jam Rawal were known as the Bhayaad (brotherhood), and were notably from senior branches of Jadeja clans such as those hailing from Sevak Dhunia. This information is widely available through various Royal historians (Raj Barot) of Jadeja clans.

Ruled States

These were states founded and ruled by Jadejas until merger into Republic of India. [2]

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Kutch

  • Kutch (c. 1270, Title of Rulers: Maharao; hereditary from 1 Jan 1918)
Regime Rulers Born Died
1698 - 1715 Pragmalji I 1715
1715 - 1719 Godaji I 1719
1719 - 1752 Daishalji I 1752
1741 - 1752 Lakhpatji (regent) 1717 1761
1752 - 1761 Lakhpatji (s.a.) (s.a.)
1761 - 1778 Godaji II 1734 1778
1778 - 1786 Rayadhan III (1st time) 1763 1813
1786 - 1801 Prithvirajsinhji 1801
1786 - 5 October 1813 Fath Mohammad (regent) (s.a.) (s.a.)
1801 - 30 Oct 1813 Rayadhan III (2nd time) (s.a.) (s.a.)
October, 1813 - 1814 Hosayn Miyan (regent) (s.a.) (s.a.)
November 6, 1813 - March 25, 1819 Bharmalji II 1798 1846
March 25, 1819 - July 26, 1860 Daishalji II 1814 1860

Nawanagar

  • Nawanagar (c. 1535, Title of Rulers: Jam and Maharaja Jam Sahib after April 28, 1895)
Regime Rulers Born Died
October 2, 1690 - October 13, 1708 Lakhaji Tamachi 1708
October 13, 1708 - August 13, 1711 Raisinhji Lakhaji 1711
August 13, 1711 - 1743 Tamachi Raisinhji 1743
September, 1743 - November 2, 1767 Lakhaji Tamachi 1743 1767
November 2, 1767 - August 6, 1814 Jasaji Lakhaji 1814
August 6, 1814 - February 24, 1820 Sataji Lakhaji 1820
February 24, 1820 - February 22, 1852 Ranmalji Sataji 1852
February 22, 1852 - April 28, 1895 Vibhoji Ranmalji 1827 1895
April 28, 1895 - August 14, 1906 Jashwantsinhji Vibhoji 1882 1906
March 12, 1907 - April 2, 1933 Ranjitsinhji Vibhoji 1872 1933
April 2, 1933 - August 15, 1947 Digvijaysinhji Ranjitsinhji 1895 1966

Rajkot

  • Rajkot (c. 1620, Title of Rulers: Thakore Sahib)
Regime Rulers Born Died / Killed
1620 - 1635 Vibhoji Ajoji 1635
1635 - 1656 Mehramanji I Vibhoji 1656
1656 - 1675 Sahibji Mehramanji 1675
1675 - 1694 Bamanioji Sahibji 1694
1694 - 1720 Mehramanji II Bamanio 1720
1720 - 1732 Interregnum
1732 - 1746 Ranmalji Mehramanji 1746
1746 - 17xx and 1794 - 1795 Lakhoji I Bhabhoji Ranmalji 1796
1795 - 1825 Ranmalji II Mehramanji 1825
1825 - 1844 Saroji Ranmalji 1844
1844 - 1862 Mehrmansinhji IV Saroji November 8, 1862
November 8, 1862 - April 16, 1890 Bawajiraj Mehrmansinhji August 30, 1856 April 16, 1890
April 16, 1890 - February 2, 1930 Lakhajiraj III Bawajiraj December 17, 1885 February 2, 1930
February 2, 1930 - June 11, 1940 Dharmendrasinhji Lakhajiraj March 4, 1910 June 11, 1940
June 11, 1940 - August 15, 1947 Pradumansinhji Lakhajiraj February 24, 1913 November 9, 1973

Morbi

  • Morbi (c. 1698, Title of Rulers: Thakore Sahib and Thakore Sahib Maharaja after June 3, 1926)
Regime Rulers Born Died
1698 - 1733 Kanyojisinghji Rawaji 1733
1733 - 1739 Aliyaji Kanyoji 1739
1739 - 1764 Rawaji I 1764
1764 - 1772 Pachanji Rawaji 1772
1772 - 1783 Waghji I Pachanji 1783
1783 - 1790 Hamirji Waghji 1790
1790 - 1828 Jyaji Waghji 1828
1828 - 1846 Prithirajji Jyaji 1846
1846 - February 17, 1870 Rawaji II Prithirajji 1870
February 17, 1870 - 11 June 1922 Waghji II Rawaji 1858 1922
June 11, 1922 - June 3, 1926 Lakhdirji Waghji 1876 1957
June 3, 1926 - August 15, 1947 Lakhdirji Waghji (s.a.) (s.a.)

Culture and Ethos

Jadeja belongs to the Atri Gotra. They have Ashapura Maataji and Momai Maataji as their presiding deities.

See also

References

[[1]]



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