The Full Wiki

Jain community: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Jains in India have been the last direct representatives of the Shramana tradition in India. They follow Jainism, as the dharma taught by the 24 Tirthankaras, the last of whom was Mahavira.

Contents

Cultural influence

The moral and intellectual influence of the Jain communities gives them a social importance greater than would result from their mere numbers. They are not only among the businessmen and industrialists, many of the prominent authors, justices, administrators and politicians have been Jain.

The Jains have the highest literacy rate, 94.1% compared with the national average of 65.38%. They have the highest female literacy rate, 90.6% compared with the national average of 54.16%. It is believed that the Jains also have the highest per capita income in India.Press Information Bureau - Indian Government

Communities

There are about 110 different Jain communities in India and overseas. They can be divided into six groups based on historical and current residence.

  • Central India (Madhya Pradesh/Uttar Pradesh)
  • Western India (Gujarat/Jains in Maharashtra)
  • Northern India (Jains in Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttaranchal) (Bhabra/Baniya Communities: Agrawal, Oswal, Khandelwal, Porwal, Maheshwari, etc.)
  • Southern India (Jains of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka {Kannada and Tulu Jains}, Tamil Jain|Tamil Nadu, Kerala)
  • Eastern India (Jains in Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal)
  • Overseas Jains (Germany, USA, UK, East Africa, Belgium, Australia, Canada)

Population

The Jain population in India according to 2001 census is 4,225,053 out of the total population of India 1,028,610,328. The states or regions with largest populations are:

It is likely that the actual population of Jains may be significantly higher than the census numbers.

The Jain population in USA is estimated to be about 180,000 to 200,000.

See also

References

Advertisements

The Jains in India have been the last direct representatives of the Shramana tradition in India. They follow Jainism, as the dharma taught by the 24 Tirthankaras, the last of whom was Mahavira.

Contents

Cultural influence

The Jains have the highest literacy rate, 94.1% compared with the national average of 65.38%. They have the highest female literacy rate, 90.6% compared with the national average of 54.16%. It is believed that the Jains also have the highest per capita income in India.Press Information Bureau - Indian Government

Communities

There are about 110 different Jain communities in India and overseas. They can be divided into six groups based on historical and current residence.

  • Central India (Madhya Pradesh/Uttar Pradesh)
  • Western India (Gujarat/Jains in Maharashtra)
  • Northern India (Jains in Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttaranchal) (Bhabra/Baniya Communities: Agrawal, Oswal, Khandelwal, Porwal, Maheshwari, etc.)
  • Southern India (Jains of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka {Kannada and Tulu Jains}, Tamil Jain|Tamil Nadu, Kerala)
  • Eastern India (Jains in Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal)
  • Overseas Jains (Germany, USA, UK, East Africa, Belgium, Australia, Canada)

Population

The Jain population in India according to 2001 census is 4,225,053 out of the total population of India 1,028,610,328. The states or regions with largest populations are:

It is likely that the actual population of Jains may be significantly higher than the census numbers.

The Jain population in USA is estimated to be about 180,000 to 200,000.

See also

References


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message