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Jainism
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This article is part of a series on Jainism
Prayers and Vows
Navakar Mantra · Ahimsa · Brahmacharya · Satya · Nirvana · Asteya · Aparigraha · Anekantavada · Parasparopagraho Jīvānām
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Kevala Jñāna · Cosmology · Samsara · Karma · Dharma · Mokṣa · Gunasthana · Navatattva
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The 24 Tirthankaras · Rishabha · Mahavira · Acharya  · Ganadhar · Siddhasen Divakar · Haribhadra
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.
Jainism (pronounced /ˈdʒaɪnɪzəm/, also called Jain Dharma) is an ancient religion of India, also now found in other countries around the world, that prescribes a path of peace and non-violence towards all living beings.
^ Above all it is a religion of love and compassion to all living beings.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ My friendship is with all living beings, .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. is now the main debtor country in the world.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Its philosophy and practice rely mainly on self-effort in progressing the soul on the spiritual ladder to divine consciousness.^ Jains rely a great deal on self-efforts and self-initiative, for both - their worldly requirements and their salvation.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This indicates that Jainism is not an atheistic religion, rather it emphasizes freedom of the soul from karma and the potential to gain liberation through self-effort and not the "grace" of a Supreme Being.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The practice of medicine in Yorb society is, therefore, not merely homeopathic in the sense that it relies only on physical wholeness, it is also interested in spiritual balance.

.Any soul which has conquered its own inner enemies and achieved the state of supreme being is called jina (Conqueror or Victor).^ The sorrow arising through this or that loss or misfortune which one encounters, the worrying oneself, the state of being alarmed, inward sorrow, inward woe - this is called Sorrow.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe that each man's soul is eternal and individual and that each must conquer himself by his own efforts and subordinate the worldly to the heavenly in order to attain moksha, or release.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This as also Basava's own writings in Kannada, describes the fundamentals of a doctrine based on rigid monotheism, Siva being regarded as the supreme, limitless and transcendent entity.
  • An Introduction to Hinduism 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.uni-giessen.de [Source type: Original source]

.Jainism is often referred to as Jain Dharma (जैन धर्म) or Shraman Dharma or the religion of Nirgantha by ancient texts.^ Japanese Religion , Shinto , books: religion Kojiki Genre : Shinto Origins of the Universe The Kojiki refers to the primary Shinto text outlining the religion's Creation Myth and its vast Cosmology.
  • Kojiki - Shinto Way of the Gods - SaruDama 16 January 2010 17:43 UTC www.sarudama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Buddhism is also known as Buddha Dharma or Dhamma, which means roughly the "teachings of the Awakened One" in Sanskrit and Pali, languages of ancient Buddhist texts.
  • Long Island Buddhism Meditation Buddhists Buddhist Temples Nassau Suffolk Hamptons New York 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC longislandbrowser.com [Source type: General]

^ JAINISM Parallel to Buddhism another religion has flourished in India since ancient times.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jainism was revived by a lineage of 24 enlightened ascetics called tirthankaras[1] culminating with Parshva (9th century BC) and Mahavira (6th century BC).^ The work is a collection of the Buddha's sayings -- vivid, practical verses -- which were gathered from Buddha's direct disciples in the 6th century BC who wished to preserve his wisdom.

^ Jainism : came from the enlightenment of Vardhamana called Jina (conqueror) or Mahavira (great man).
  • HINDUISM 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Srasenas ruled over the region now included in Bharatpur state from the 6th century to the 12th century A.D. Jainism developed much here at this time.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

[2][3][4][5][6] .In the modern world, it is a small but influential religious minority with as many as 10.2 million followers in India,[7] and successful growing immigrant communities in North America, Western Europe, the Far East, Australia and elsewhere.^ It has a growing presence in Europe and America .
  • Buddhism - SgWiki 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.sgwiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Countries with Hindu majorities include Bali, India, Mauritius and Nepal, though countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas have sizable minorities of practicing Hindus.
  • Hindu Philosophy [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Buddhism through times and space, from the founding of the world’s largest monastic Order in northern-eastern India 2,500 years ago to modern America, where its many adherents continue to find its supremely civilized culture of benevolence, honesty and self-control of immense appeal to the world.
  • The Democratic Party | PartyBuilder | Buddhism 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC my.democrats.org [Source type: Original source]

[8]
.Jains have sustained the ancient Shraman (श्रमण) or ascetic religion and have significantly influenced other religious, ethical, political and economic spheres in India.^ Unlike most other religions, Shinto has no real founder, no written scriptures, no body of religious law, and only a very loosely-organized priesthood.
  • The Shinto Religion Mod - Civilization Fanatics' Forums 16 January 2010 17:43 UTC forums.civfanatics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The exoteric part of religion comprises dogmas, moral codes, institutions, and other means for readily communicating, manifesting and sustaining religion in society .
  • Engaged Buddhism: New and Improved!(?) Made in the U. S. A. of Asian Materials 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.buddhistethics.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It can also give them the idea that they have the responsibility to impose their religious and political beliefs on U.S. citizens and on other countries whether wanted or not.

.Jains have an ancient tradition of scholarship and have the highest degree of literacy in India;[9][10] Jain libraries are the oldest in the country.^ Indias Ancient Monastic tradition .

^ A view of what the ancient —at least more than 10.000 years— Spiritual Tradition of what is populary known as Voodoo really is.
  • SocioSite: SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.sociosite.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These ganas or republics were, by no means exclusively confined to the vahika land though the vahika land may be said to be the traditional birthplace and homeland of republicanism in ancient India.

[11]

Contents

Principles and beliefs

.
Sculpture representing two founders of Jainism: left, Rushabha first of the 24 tirthankara, a legendary personality, unconfirmed history; right Mahavir, the last of those 24, who consolidated and reformed the religious and philosophical system.
^ The righteous and religious person .
  • Hindu Baby Boy Names - Hindu Boy Name List - Hindu Baby Boys Names Meaning 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC babynames.indobase.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of those two was Jainism, which I had learned about in history class.
  • Top 10 Religions You Never Knew Existed - Listverse 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ The introduction explains the concept of a religious system, followed by four chapters that treat different periods in Shinto history.
  • shinto - Lulu.com 16 January 2010 17:43 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

Position of the characters is typical in Jain iconography. Body idealized, almost devoid of detail reveals the effect of yoga exercises, immobility and rigidity suggests his "revocation of flesh" (Kayotsarga) the materiality
.Jainism regards every living soul as potentially divine.^ This indicates that Jainism is not an atheistic religion, rather it emphasizes freedom of the soul from karma and the potential to gain liberation through self-effort and not the "grace" of a Supreme Being.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This physical material affixes itself to our immortal soul as a form of memory or data that records our every action in the world, for each of our lives.
  • The Internet is Jain: How Gunslingin' Technolibertarianism Leads to Lotus Petals by Sunir Shah, 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.meatballsociety.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It may be somebody you live with every day of your life, and if so, they have but one reason to be here, to drain, distract and deflect souled beings from evolving.
  • Christianity or Machiavelli and the ETs by Laura Knight-Jadczyk 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.cassiopaea.org [Source type: Original source]

.When the soul sheds its karmic bonds completely, it attains divine consciousness.^ He became a Siddha, a pure consciousness, a liberated soul, living forever in a state of complete bliss.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the age of 72 (in 527 BC), Lord Mahavir attained Nirvn and his purified soul left his body and achieved complete liberation.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When it is divinely inspired, it forms the conscience and heart of man's very own eternal soul.

.It prescribes a path of non-violence to progress the soul to this ultimate goal.^ Nibbana is the sine qua non of Buddhism, the guiding star and ultimate goal towards which all the Buddha's teachings point.
  • Frequently Asked Questions About Buddhism 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The critical points to remember for the discussion below are that Your actions (karma) are remembered by sticking to your soul Your karma holds you back Non-violence is a means to avoid karma 3.
  • The Internet is Jain: How Gunslingin' Technolibertarianism Leads to Lotus Petals by Sunir Shah, 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.meatballsociety.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The ultimate goal of Jainism is for the soul to achieve liberation through understanding and realization.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jainism is often described as one of the most peaceful religions, however its origins are in debate.^ Jainism is a religion of purely human origin.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ My confidence has never been shaken for a moment in the To Teh King as a genuine relic of Lo-dze, one of the most original minds of the Chinese race.
  • The Texts of Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC terebess.hu [Source type: Original source]

^ At both these places, there are the ruins of both Jaina and Hindu temples which indicate that the followers of Brahmanical religion and Jainism lived in peace and amity in this region.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.A Jain is a follower of Jinas ("conquerors").^ The name Jainism derives from the term Jina (‘conqueror’ or ‘victor’) — applied to the 24 great religious figures around whose examples the religion is centred; its followers are known as Jainas or Jains.
  • SocioSite: SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.sociosite.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term Jaina or Jain implies follower of Jina which means 'the victorious one'.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The term Jain is derived from the Sanskrit jina, "conqueror," and implies conquest over this bondage imposed by the phenomenal world.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

[12][13] .Jinas are spiritually advanced human beings who rediscover the dharma, become fully liberated and teach the spiritual path to benefit all living beings.^ Compassion extends first to beings, then to all dharmas, then it becomes objectless.

^ My friendship is with all living beings, .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All futures are made by human beings.

.Practicing Jains follow the teachings of 24 special jinas who are known as Tirthankaras "('ford-makers", or "those who have discovered and shown the way to salvation").^ Those who follow ways of death are bound to come to end.
  • Ethics of Daoism and Mo-zi by Sanderson Beck 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The following Santerian practices are known: .

^ Salvation is for those who are obedient (Heb.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

Tradition states that the 24th, and most recent, Tirthankar is Shri Mahavir, lived from 599 to 527 BC. The 23rd Tirthankar, Shri Parsva, lived from 872 to 772 BC.[14][15]
.Jainism encourages spiritual development through reliance on and cultivation of one's own personal wisdom and self-control (व्रत, vrata).^ And your own personal one's at that.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Christian life and ethics , then, grows out of the knowledge of one's self as a beloved child of God, the increasing knowledge of God through the person of Jesus Christ , and the recognition of Christ in others.
  • Christianity@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The mukti is not by thwarting or dissolution of personality but by its development, by its growth through struggle with evil in the socio-political context.

[16] .The goal of Jainism is to realize the soul's true nature.^ Realization of ones true nature is happiness.
  • MASLOW AND TAOISM: A COMPARATIVE STUDY 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC psychodrama.dapcmi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To function naturally is to realize ones true nature.
  • MASLOW AND TAOISM: A COMPARATIVE STUDY 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC psychodrama.dapcmi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In essence, Jainism addresses the true nature of reality.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

."Samyak darshan gyan charitrani moksha margah", meaning "true/right perception, knowledge and conduct" ( known as the triple gems of Jainism) provides the path for attaining liberation (moksha) from samsara (the universal cycle of birth and death).^ Nirvana, Moksha or liberation in Jainism and Buddhism.
  • Encyclopaedia of Jainism/edited by Nagendra Kr. Singh 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.vedamsbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Samsara Cycle of rebirths; realms of Birth and Death.
  • Buddhism Glossary 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.sinc.sunysb.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One can detach from karma and attain liberation by following the path of Right Faith (Samyak-darshan), Right Knowledge (Samyak-jnn), and Right Conduct (Samyak-chritra).
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

.Moksha is attained by liberation from all karma.^ The removal of all past accumulated karma is called Moksha or liberation.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He/she attains liberation or Nirvn only after all the ghti karmas are destroyed.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I bow to all Siddhas or liberated souls who have attained the state of perfection and immortality by liberating themselves of all karma.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

.Those who have attained moksha are called siddha (liberated souls), and those who are attached to the world through their karma are called samsarin (mundane souls).^ The removal of all past accumulated karma is called Moksha or liberation.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I bow to all Siddhas or liberated souls who have attained the state of perfection and immortality by liberating themselves of all karma.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The method that stops fresh karma from attaching to the soul is called Samvara.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

.Every soul has to follow the path, as described by the Jinas (and revived by Tirthankaras), to attain the ultimate liberation.^ Knowledge is a divine light which shades it’s radiance on the path of life, guiding it’s followers through every phase of life.

^ The aim of the Buddhist, to obtain eternal life (Nirvana) by extinguishing all desire for material existence, is attained by following the 'Eightfold Path': .
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is attained not by the intercession of a Buddha but by each individual discovering and following the path to Buddhahood, or simply awakening to Buddhahood.

.Jaina tradition identifies Rishabh Bhagwan (also known as Adhinath) as the First Tirthankar of this declining (avasarpini) time cycle (kalachakra).^ From the Jaina traditions, it is known that Jainism was prevalent at Mathura, capital of ancient Srasena-Janapada from very early times.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Jins that have established the religious order and revived the Jain philosophy at various times in the history of mankind are known as Tirthankars.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As known from the traditions contianed in Jaina canonical texts 144 , this place was visited by Prva and Mahvra.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

[17] .The first Tirthankar, Rushabhdev/ Adhinath, is believed by Jains to have appeared six trillions of years ago.^ Jain Golden Temple - This temple in the town of Falna is believed to be the first Jain temple to have been built by an entire Jain community.
  • Ranakpur Jain Temple Monuments of India 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.rang7.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few years ago, Al-Jazeera reported that roughly six million Muslims are leaving Islam and becoming followers of Jesus every year in Africa.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Already more than six years ago , David Littman made this plaintive warning: .
  • Islam | Jewcy.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: Original source]

.The swastika symbol and naked statues resembling Jain monks, which archaeologists have found among the remains of the Indus Valley Civilization, tend to support a claim of some antiquity.^ B.C.E. and was impressed by a type of dialectic nihilism characteristic of some Buddhist philosophies, promoted by gymnosophists—naked wise people—who resemble Jain monks) (see Flintoff), there is no historical evidence to suggest that Sāṅkhya thought made its way to ancient Greece.
  • Hindu Philosophy [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ You think there is not enough evidence to support this, or perhaps some other claims of theirs.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These scholars say that it was the Aryans themselves who founded the Indus (or Saraswati) valley civilization.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]
.Jains hold that the Universe and Dharma are eternal, without beginning or end.^ Jainism states that the universe is without a beginning or an end, and is everlasting and eternal.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The circle also means infinite, and without beginning and without end.

^ These primordial hymns are God's word and the bedrock of Sanatana Dharma, the eternal religion which has neither beginning nor end.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the universe undergoes processes of cyclical change.^ With this process of change, science can grow and improve our understanding of the universe.

^ Lord Shiva represents the complete cyclic process of generation, destruction, and regeneration of the Universe .
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, God’s thought processes “cannot undergo change” [197] and he also is beyond time and space and division.
  • Medieval Judaism 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.lightplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The universe consists of living beings ("Jīva") and non-living beings ("Ajīva").^ Evolutionary science is contradictory, to suppose that a process that came about by non-living, non-personal, non-intelligent means can bring about a moral being.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Believers" spend their lives talking about what they can't hope to see or know while pretending to see and know it!The universe (or heavens) is too broad for any finite being to see through it or across it.
  • Alltop - Top Taoism News 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC taoism.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Furthermore, immersion is consistent with the symbolism that we are dying to our old sinful way of life, being buried, and being raised to live a new life.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

.The samsarin (worldly) soul incarnates in various life forms during its journey over time.^ I have been an independent Nichiren Buddhist since 2000, and during that time my life has improved considerably.

^ For the first time, Daoist teachers adopted monastic forms of life, created monasteries, and organized themselves in ways they saw in Buddhism.
  • Daoist Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.utm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Israel was for all time to be impressed with its priestly mission by all those ceremonies which form so prominent a feature in its religious life ( see Ceremonies ; Circumcision ; Commandments ; Dietary Laws ).

.Human, sub-human (animal, insect, plant, etc.^ You (Gad) have a high ability to intellectually understand that humans, animals, rocks, etc...
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Level 3: Humans; plants and animals.

^ He carefully avoided harming other living beings including animals, birds, insects, and plants.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

), super-human .(deity or devas), and hell-being are the four macro forms of the samsari souls.^ The Chinese and Japanese knew two forms of Ganesha: Vinayaka and Kangiten, the latter being a secret esoteric form of the deity.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

^ All four believe in karma and reincarnation and in a Supreme Being who is both form and pervades form, who creates, sustains and destroys the universe, only to create it again in unending cycles.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His transcendent Being is a celestial form residing in the city of Vaikuntha, the home of all eternal values and perfection, where the soul joins Him upon mukti, liberation.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.All worldly relations of one's Jiva with other Jiva and Ajiva (non-living beings) are based on the accumulation of karma and its conscious thoughts, speech and actions carried out in its current form.^ And then I get accused by other atheists as being one of them.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My friendship is with all living beings, .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Soul or living being (Consciousness) .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

.The main Jain prayer (navkar Mantra) therefore salutes the five special categories of souls that have attained divine consciousness or are on their way to achieving it, to emulate and follow these paths to salvation.^ The struggle takes place during the five generations which follow Simeon (that is, the Maccabean dynasty), the last of these five generations being that of Hillel and Shammai.
  • ORIGIN OF CHRISTIANITY and JUDAISM 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.solhaam.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Right, right, because all these paths and ways that are created by men, not by God, they deviate us.

^ In the following, we shall see that these five Groups, or Khandhas - either taken separately, or combined - in no way constitute any real "Ego - entity," and that no Ego - entity exists apart from them, and hence that the belief in an Ego - entity is merely an illusion.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another major characteristic of Jain belief is the emphasis on the consequences of not only physical but also mental behaviours.^ He argues that belief in God is greatly supported by intuitive mental tools(p.17) and is an inevitable consequence of the sorts of minds we are born with (p.91).
  • ������� ������. Phil Zuckerman: Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.atheism.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Modern Physics and Philosophical Reason The basic oneness of the universe is not only the central characteristic of the mystical experience, but is also one of the most important revelations of modern physics.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

^ It also encourages an "us versus them" conflict mentality that denigrates not only the beliefs but the person.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[18]
Jain practices are derived from the above fundamentals. .For example, the principle of non-violence seeks to minimize karmas which may limit the capabilities of the soul.^ All Multifaith publications – lists would include this religion whose five principles are: Non-violence,Non-stealing, Non-acquisition, Truth and Celibacy.
  • Top 10 Religions You Never Knew Existed - Listverse 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Devotees may also choose from three other non-successive paths to cultivate devotion, accrue good karma and purify the mind.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Non-violence seeks to escape the conflict cycle.
  • The Internet is Jain: How Gunslingin' Technolibertarianism Leads to Lotus Petals by Sunir Shah, 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.meatballsociety.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jainism views every soul as worthy of respect because it has the potential to become Siddha (Param-atma - "highest soul").^ Judaism 's God has through the prophetic, world-wide view become the God of history, and through the Psalms and the prayers of the Ḥasidim the God of the human heart, "the Father," and the "Lover of souls" (Isa.

^ This indicates that Jainism is not an atheistic religion, rather it emphasizes freedom of the soul from karma and the potential to gain liberation through self-effort and not the "grace" of a Supreme Being.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hence, I have argued that the Internet is Jain , simply because it records actions in text attached to your name just as karma in Jainism records action as metaphysical particles attached to your soul.
  • The Internet is Jain: How Gunslingin' Technolibertarianism Leads to Lotus Petals by Sunir Shah, 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.meatballsociety.org [Source type: Original source]

.Because all living beings possess a soul, great care and awareness is essential in one's actions in the incarnate world.^ May all beings in all the worlds be happy.

^ We are human beings living in the physical world.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ME: "With no objective grounds conflict and strife are the norm because it is all preference, one persons justice is another persons injustice" .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jainism emphasizes the equality of all life, advocating harmlessness towards all, whether these be creatures great or small.^ While 16 of the 17 Arab countries enshrine the concept of equal rights, all except Saudi Arabia, women face discrimination in every aspect of life.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And it is these that constitute the food of all creatures upon the earth.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

^ Yes, in the age of Perfect Virtue, men lived in common with birds and beasts, and were on terms of equality with all creatures, as forming one family;--how could they know among themselves the distinctions of superior men and small men?
  • The Texts of Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC terebess.hu [Source type: Original source]

This policy extends even to microscopic organisms. .Jainism acknowledges that every person has different capabilities and capacities and therefore assigns different duties for ascetics and householders.^ To every person it requires different approaches.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Which will be different for every time, for every person, for every situation.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities.’ ‘Therefore, whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.’ .
  • Goodbye Messianic Judaism! 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.seedofabraham.net [Source type: Original source]

The "great vows" (mahavrata) are prescribed for monks and "limited vows" (anuvrata) are prescribed for householders.
.There are five basic ethical principles (vows) prescribed.^ There are five prescribed prayers per day at set times according to the rotation of the earth around the sun.
  • Islam and Christianity - Similarities and Differences 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC muslim-canada.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a set of prescribed prayers that are to be offered five times a day : at sunrise, midday, afternoon, evening, and before retiring.

^ According to Kyuso, the basic difference between Confucianism and Shinto was that the former put emphasis on ethical principles, whereas in the latter it was mystery: .
  • The I Ching in the Shinto Thought of Tokugawa Japan 16 January 2010 17:43 UTC ccbs.ntu.edu.tw [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The degree to which these principles must be practiced is different for renunciant and householder.^ These doctrines were to include a different understanding of the nature of the Buddha, an emphasis on the figure of the Bodhisattva, and on the practice of the perfections (paramitas).
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These principles are variously worked out in the different churches and variously expressed.

^ And the religion common to all, the basic principles of which are alike in all practices, fully satisfies these demands.
  • Religions Atheist Atheism Agnostic: Freud, Darwin, Einstein, Nietzsche:Discussion of Atheist Agnostic Quotes 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

Thus:
  • Non-violence (Ahimsa) - to cause no harm to living beings.
  • Truth (Satya) - to always speak the truth in a harmless manner.
  • Non-stealing (Asteya) - to not take anything that is not willingly given.
  • Celibacy (Brahmacarya) - to not indulge in sensual pleasures.
  • Non-possession (Aparigraha) - to detach from people, places, and material things.
.Ahimsa, "Non-violence", is sometimes interpreted as not killing, but the concept goes far beyond that.^ The positive content in the concept of non-violence.
  • Encyclopaedia of Jainism/edited by Nagendra Kr. Singh 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.vedamsbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Madhyamaka school of Nâgârjuna and his commentators gave stark philosophical expression to this teaching (and influenced, beyond the Buddhist world, the Vedantic conception of non-duality).

^ "This chapter goes as far as I dare go in resuscitating the concept of purpose in the context of a science of mind.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.It includes not harming or insulting other living beings, either directly, or indirectly through others.^ Not to cause harm to any living beings .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bodhisattva - living for others in Buddhism The bodhisattva ideal is embodied in the bodhisattva vow: May I attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings.
  • Buddhism: practice, religious views and beliefs 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ As ones practice and study accumulate and mature, faith deepens to become a commitment to support the well being of others and to live with integrity.

.There can be even no room for thought to injure others, and no speech that influences others to inflict harm.^ Praise Allah, for there is no other but he!
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no room for improvement in that area.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There have been no others.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[19] .It also includes respecting the views of others (non-absolutism and acceptance of multiple views).^ Without absolutes, morality is invented and morality cannot be explained as why one persons standard or view is any more or less valid than any other persons standard or view.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These vows cannot be fully implemented without the acceptance of a philosophy of non‑absolutism ( Anekntvd ) and the theory of relativity (Sydvad).
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Brhmaas, priests, ministers and others were also ordered to respect this edict of non-slaughter.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Satya, "truthfulness", is also to be practiced by all people.^ Many people nowadays are spiritually inclined, but take a broad inclusive view to religion, believing that a variety of religious traditions and practices all have some validity.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The only difference between the science that people who believe in God practice from atheists, is that we believe all knowledge comes from God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Maybe the people from my real time will come and get me, and tell me that this was all just a big practical joke.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Given that non-violence has priority, all other principles yield to it, whenever there is a conflict.^ All Multifaith publications – lists would include this religion whose five principles are: Non-violence,Non-stealing, Non-acquisition, Truth and Celibacy.
  • Top 10 Religions You Never Knew Existed - Listverse 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC listverse.com [Source type: General]

^ The nerve of these evil people to exploit the freedoms given to them here in America and other democracies when their goal is to extinguish ALL freedom!
  • The Sword of Islam ... War Against Israel and the West! 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.masada2000.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For the most part it's not messing with his other books, and it's leaving plenty of space for books about all kinds of other gods, and even some non god books.
  • Atheism: Being Unconvinced of the Existance of Any Gods 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.lacarte.org [Source type: Original source]

.For example, if speaking truth will lead to violence, it is perfectly ethical to be silent.^ It’s implied meaning was that the truths you speak of (from the Bible for example ) are not absolute.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Thiruvalluvar in his Tamil classic devotes an entire chapter clarifying the definition of 'truthfulness'.
.Asteya, "non-stealing", is the strict adherence to one's own possessions, without desire to take another's.^ Satya - To speak truth Asteya - To not steal Brahmacharya - To not commit adultery Aparigraha - To limit one's possessions For the purposes of this discussion, we shall focus on the foremost Jain vow, non-violence.
  • The Internet is Jain: How Gunslingin' Technolibertarianism Leads to Lotus Petals by Sunir Shah, 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.meatballsociety.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One can be a non-theist without having to 'profess' or 'confess' anything.
  • Atheism: Being Unconvinced of the Existance of Any Gods 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.lacarte.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When one defines their own group as holding some kind of mystical authority to define the great mysteries in life, intolerance really begins to take over.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

.One should remain satisfied by whatever is earned through honest labour.^ The second one is earning an honest living.

^ Others said nothing of such a one, but seemed to expect the regeneration of Israel through the labours, sufferings and triumphs of the righteous remnant (Isa.

^ If Jesus is alive, then one should not be surprised that He continues to teach through the power of the Holy Spirit even today.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Any attempt to squeeze others and/or exploit the weak is considered theft.^ Well, considering the theory of evolution has been around about 150 years then what justified all the horrors of the world before "the strong exploiting the weak?"
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Some of the guidelines for this principle are:
.
  • Always give people fair value for labor or product.
  • Never take things which are not offered.
  • Never take things that are placed, dropped or forgotten by others
  • Never purchase cheaper things if the price is the result of improper method (e.g.^ The other thing I can do is offer the invitation to you.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In other words, instead of showing respect to the Creator, people give honor to material things and to humans.
    • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A shared burden is perhaps perhaps what they both offer; that we all take care of each other.
    • Does Atheism Make Life Meaningless? | Unreasonable Faith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC unreasonablefaith.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    pyramid scheme, illegal business, stolen goods, etc.)
Brahmacarya, "monastic celibacy", is the complete abstinence from sex, which is only incumbent upon monastics. Householders practice monogamy as a way to uphold brahmacarya in spirit.[20]
.Aparigraha, "non-possession", is the renunciation of property and wealth, before initiation into monkhood, without entertaining thoughts of the things renounced.^ Aparigraha (Non Possessions and Non‑acquisitiveness) .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Aparigraha (Non Possessions and Non‑acquisitiveness ) .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What things possess the properties of goodness?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.This is done so one understands how to detach oneself from things and possessions, including home and family, so one may reach moksa.^ We do not know, we do not understand how one can teach it.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

^ We can glean some things from Judaism such as ethical behavior (how to love God and one’s neighbor), but the place ‘to go’ is to your Bible, not the synagogue.
  • Goodbye Messianic Judaism! 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.seedofabraham.net [Source type: Original source]

^ One can understand how fallible humans who are unaware of God's purpose can qualify their statements with the expression "If God wills" (Cf.

[21] .For householders, non-possession is owning without attachment, because the notion of possession is illusory.^ And it is completely unnecessary to deny it, because we can still disobey God and be our own boss without doing so.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some believe based on their own experience, others believe because of the faith they have in the experience of others, just as we believe in the work of scientists without having done the science ourselves.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Nigeria, an Islamic court ordered that a man who cut off his wife's leg because he believed she was cheating on him must have his own leg cut off without anesthesia .
  • Islam (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.harpers.org [Source type: General]

.The reality of life is that change is constant; thus, objects owned by someone today will be property of someone else in future days.^ Thus the Talmud prohibits murdering another person, even in order to save your own life.
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

^ If Yahweh knows the future, Yahweh would be unable to change it, and thus could not be omnipotent.

^ When one defines their own group as holding some kind of mystical authority to define the great mysteries in life, intolerance really begins to take over.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

.The householder is encouraged to discharge his or her duties to related people and objects as a trustee, without excessive attachment.^ Of course there are people and objects in the world, but they are all there only for me … People like me only have a duty to ourselves; we have no duty to other people … Some say one has a responsibility for history.
  • Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC creation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Bhagavad Gita , Krishna points out that to a warrior nothing is nobler than a righteous war and declares that one should do his duty without any attachment for results.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

Main points

.
  • Every living being has a soul.^ Soul or living being (Consciousness) .
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Let the perfect souls witness that I truly bear no animosity toward any living being.
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Each year this malaise claims the lives of thousands and condemns millions more to lives of abject poverty and misery, while at the same time affecting every human being on the planet.
    • Religion: The Appendix of Modern Society 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

    [15]
  • .
  • Every soul is potentially divine, with innate qualities of infinite knowledge, perception, power, and bliss (masked by its karmas).
  • Therefore, regard every living being as yourself, harming no one and be kind to all living beings.
  • Every soul is born as a celestial, human, sub-human or hellish being according to its own karmas.
  • Every soul is the architect of its own life, here or hereafter.^ There is no life except the life of the Hereafter.
    • Islam 101 - Jihad Watch 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When that has been achieved with every human being...
    • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He descended from and was born of human beings (Mt.
    • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

    [22]
  • .
  • When a soul is freed from karmas, it becomes free and attains divine consciousness, experiencing infinite knowledge, perception, power, and bliss.^ The nature of the soul is pure consciousness, power, bliss and omniscience.
    • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It covers the soul's power of perfect knowledge.
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In its pure form (a soul without attached karma particles), each soul possesses infinite knowledge, infinite vision, perfect conduct, unobstructed bliss, and unlimited energy .
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    [23]
  • .
  • Right View, Right Knowledge and Right Conduct (triple gems of Jainism) provide the way to this realization.^ The three dots represent the Jain path of liberation (Jain trinity): Right Faith (Samyak Darshan), Right Knowledge (Samyak Jnna), and Right Conduct (Samyak Chritra), which together lead to liberation.
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It states that the proper Knowledge of reality, when combined with right Faith and right Conduct leads the worldly soul to liberation (Moksha or Nirvn).
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ My idea is for Gov to educate and provide knowledge to people about successful ways to raise healthy and well-adjusted children.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    [24] .There is no supreme divine creator, owner, preserver or destroyer.^ There is no evolution between kinds, just the ability God created in us to live in/adapt to different conditions and environments.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is truth in the stone, for the stone is here; and no power in the world, no god, no man, no demon, can destroy its existence.
    • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Their physical bodies were created perfect in that there was no physical decay, no sickness, in them.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The universe is self-regulated and every soul has the potential to achieve divine consciousness (siddha) through its own efforts.
  • Navakar Mantra is the fundamental prayer in Jainism and can be recited at any time of the day.^ Recite an obligatory prayer each day.
    • Baha'i Faith - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Humankind needs to be brought on board to the teachings of God for this day one soul at a time, and the independent investigation of truth cannot be rushed.

    ^ Bahá’í Fast is observed for nineteen days of the year, every year, between the hours of sunrise and sunset—hence the timing of the photographs.

    .Praying by reciting this mantra, the devotee bows with respect to liberated souls still in human form (Arihantas), fully liberated souls (Siddhas), spiritual leaders (Acharyas), teachers (Upadyayas) and all the monks.^ The sacred prayer is the Namaskr, Navkr or Namokr Mahmantra in which homage is paid to the five worshipful personalities: Arihanta (enlightened human beings), Siddha (liberated souls), charya (head of Jain congregation), Updhyya (ascetic teachers), and all Sdhu (all ascetics).
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Prayer is an invocation, a calling forth of spiritual forces ever flowing through the human heart and soul.
    • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One of thc main principles of Theosophy is the belief in a brotherhood of great teachers of the past who are supposed to be living still, watching over and guiding the evolution of humanity.
    • An Introduction to Hinduism 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.uni-giessen.de [Source type: Original source]

    .By saluting them, Jains receive inspiration from them for the right path of true bliss and total freedom from the karma of their soul.^ True, ‘right view’ ( samma ditthi ), knowledge of the Four Noble Truths, is the first step on the Buddhist Eightfold Path.

    ^ This indicates that Jainism is not an atheistic religion, rather it emphasizes freedom of the soul from karma and the potential to gain liberation through self-effort and not the "grace" of a Supreme Being.
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A liberated soul regains totally its original attributes of perfect knowledge, perfect vision, perfect conduct, unlimited energy and unobstructed bliss.
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    In this main prayer, Jains do not ask for any favours or material benefits. .This mantra serves as a simple gesture of deep respect towards beings who are more spiritually advanced.^ Mawdudi, who is a Hanifite , expresses a more generous opinion toward Christians.

    ^ There are so many beings running around in confusion, in total delusion, and instead of hating them and thinking they are evil, we'd serve humanity better-- David : Who's hating them?

    ^ The Avatar of Synthesis is an Angelic being who controls the Christ and the Buddha and all the Spiritual Enlightened and Ascended Masters.
    • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

    .The mantra also reminds followers of the ultimate goal, nirvana or moksha.^ To lead man to the goal of moksha , Sikhism follows a path of japa and hymns.
    • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I believe the ultimate goal of moksha is eternal release from samsara, the "wheel of birth and death," and the concomitant attainment of Supreme Knowledge.
    • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ SMARTISM: The ultimate goal of Smartas is moksha, to realize oneself as Brahman, the Absolute and only Reality, and become free from samsara, the cycles of birth and death.
    • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

    [25]
  • .
  • To be in soul consciousness rather than body consciousness is the foundation of right view, the condition of right Knowledge and the kernel of right Conduct.^ I consciously sourced as much energy from above to flow through my body, and in doing so, rather than my body being filled with golden light, I had somehow tapped into an immense source of white light above the head.
    • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

    ^ In my opinion, we need scientific evidences of 'spiritualism' 'mysticism' and 'transcendence' before we can accept them as varifiable facts rather than hallucinations of a not so conscious mind.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ True, ‘right view’ ( samma ditthi ), knowledge of the Four Noble Truths, is the first step on the Buddhist Eightfold Path.

    .It leads to a state of being unattached to worldly things and being nonjudgmental and non-violent; this includes compassion and forgiveness in thoughts, words and actions toward all living beings and respecting views of others (non-absolutism).
  • Jainism stresses on the importance of controlling the senses, as they can drag one far away from true nature of the soul into being increasingly addicted to the material world leading into the tunnel of darkness, ignorance, love, hate and violence (led by the fear of losing what we are attached to).
  • Limit possessions and lead a pure life that is useful to yourself and others.^ Do you believe that all life originated from non-living material matter?
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All living things die.

    ^ These are the ones who are leading heaven's life - the others are leading the world's life separated from heaven's life.
    • Religion - near-death experiences 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

    Owning an object by itself is not possessiveness; however attachment to an object is.[26] .Non-possessiveness is the balancing of needs and desires while staying detached from our possessions.
  • Enjoy the company of the holy and better qualified, be merciful to those afflicted and tolerate the perversely inclined.^ Those which are against God may bring a fixed penalty of great severity, such as stoning - but God, it is presumed, is merciful and does not desire punishment.

    ^ With its possession is connected the possibility of fulfilling the Law, those parts of divine legislation being unavoidably suspended that are conditioned by the existence of the Temple and by the occupation of the Holy Land.
    • JewishEncyclopedia.com - REFORM JUDAISM FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE REFORM JEW: 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.jewishencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our instructor had been talking about the importance of staying empty , keeping one foot unweighted so you can easily move it in a desired direction.
    • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    [27]
  • .
  • Four things are difficult for a soul to attain: 1. human birth, 2. knowledge of the law, 3. faith in the law, and 4. practicing the right path.
  • It is important not to waste human life in evil ways.^ The Christian life is the "way of righteousness" (2 Pet.
    • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "One important thing that religion brings to politics is a certain kind of realism about human nature and human possibilities."
    • Religion & Ethics Newsweekly | PBS 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The three dots represent the Jain path of liberation (Jain trinity): Right Faith (Samyak Darshan), Right Knowledge (Samyak Jnna), and Right Conduct (Samyak Chritra), which together lead to liberation.
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Rather, strive to rise on the ladder of spiritual evolution.
  • The goal of Jainism is liberation of the soul from the negative effects of unenlightened thoughts, speech and action.^ It classes souls into three broad categories: those that are not yet evolved; those in the process of evolution and those that are liberated, free from rebirth.
    • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This indicates that Jainism is not an atheistic religion, rather it emphasizes freedom of the soul from karma and the potential to gain liberation through self-effort and not the "grace" of a Supreme Being.
    • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I believe that all souls reincarnate, evolving through many births until all their karmas have been resolved and moksha, spiritual knowledge and liberation from the cycle of rebirth, is attained.
    • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

    .This goal is achieved through clearance of karmic obstructions by following the triple gems of Jainism.
  • Jains mainly worship idols of Jinas, Arihants and Tirthankars, who have conquered the inner passions and attained divine consciousness.^ They are as follows: that there is a God who is the origin of everything; that there is an element of this divine origin in every person, which he can diminish or increase through his way of living; that in order for someone to increase this source he must suppress his passions and increase the love within himself; that the practical means of achieving this consist in doing to others as you would wish to do to you.
    • Religions Atheist Atheism Agnostic: Freud, Darwin, Einstein, Nietzsche:Discussion of Atheist Agnostic Quotes 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The name Jainism derives from the term Jina (‘conqueror’ or ‘victor’) — applied to the 24 great religious figures around whose examples the religion is centred; its followers are known as Jainas or Jains.
    • SocioSite: SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.sociosite.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The essay on the living soul describes how the person who follows the stillness of the inner way does not fear death and therefore cannot be made to do wrong.
    • Ethics of Daoism and Mo-zi by Sanderson Beck 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Jainism acknowledges the existence of powerful heavenly souls (Yaksha and Yakshini) that look after the well beings of Thirthankarars.^ The grand cycle is complete and I encounter all the infinite forms of existence as well as the formless forms of enlightenment beings, the future.
    • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

    ^ And then Anselm argued as follows - well suppose this most powerful or most perfect being did not exist...
    • The Atheism Tapes- ExChristian.Net - Articles 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Well the universe came into being according to current science so something or SOMEONE brought everything into existence or it came from nothing.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Usually, they are found in pair around the idols of Jinas as male (yaksha) and female (yakshini) guardian deities.^ Yakshas as guardians of the Jinas.
    • Encyclopaedia of Jainism/edited by Nagendra Kr. Singh 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.vedamsbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Unfortunately, the Pagan Arabs had placed a male and female idol here, and their gross superstitious rites caused offense to the early Muslims.

    ^ They can be Pakistani, Caucasian, or Middle Eastern; male or female; younger or older; single or married with children.
    • Islam | Jewcy.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Even though they have supernatural powers, they are also wandering through the cycles of births and deaths just like most other souls.^ They are just like your worldview.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They just didn't like him.
    • Christianity | Jewcy.com 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I am just as likely to reject the supernaturalism of Objectivism.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Over time, people started worshiping these deities as well.^ Of course, we may well wonder whether as many people believe these things as say they do.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I do not worship any of these people, but I admire them for their passion and their steadfastness in developing their obvious talents.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In our heavenly dynasty, leaders [of the ancient times] worshipped the gods of, heaven and earth and were respected by the people.
    • The I Ching in the Shinto Thought of Tokugawa Japan 16 January 2010 17:43 UTC ccbs.ntu.edu.tw [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [28]

Tirthankaras

The statue of Gomateshwara ಗೋಮಟೇಶ್ವರ of Digambar tradition in Shravanabelagola, Karnataka is regarded as one of the tallest monoliths of its kind in the world.
.Jains believe that knowledge of the truth (dharma) has declined and revived cyclically throughout history.^ That required a vast about of knowledge of the most ancient history of Ethiopia and Egypt, which was distortly scatter throughout Egyptian literature.

^ You wrote, “Whatever medical knowledge was acquired through religious people throughout the course of history does not prove that their knowledge came from God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sadness of Christianity's decline in Iraq is heightened by knowledge of its rich history there .

.Those who rediscover dharma are called Tirthankara.^ Those who submit are called Muslims.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, those Buddhists who had become monks and nuns undertook the gathering and preservation of their departed master's teachings (the dharma).
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Woe to those who call evil good and good evil...Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes and clever in their own sight."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The literal meaning of Tirthankar is 'ford-builder'. Jains, like Buddhists, compare the process of becoming a pure human to crossing a swift river, an endeavour requiring patience and care.^ Pilgrimage sites are known as tirthas , but this does not refer to the literal meaning of "river crossing", sacred to Hindus because of the purificatory nature of water.

^ In becoming a person one recognizes that other human beings are, like oneself, created in God’s image.

^ Can you not agree, that like me, you are a very fortunate person compared to the billions of humans that can barely stay alive each day?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

A ford-builder has already crossed the river and can therefore guide others. .One is called a 'victor' (Skt: Jina) because one has achieved liberation by one's own efforts.^ From this point of view Monick calls on men not simply to imitate the women's journey into liberation but to dare to make their own...
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Animist does not view himself as a helpless or passive victim of the invisible spirit world, but as one who by the use of the proper formulas can achieve his own goals.

^ This calls to mind the words of the late William O. Douglas, one of the most liberal of Supreme Court Justices, who wrote in the 1950s: .
  • Why Religion Matters:  The Impact of Religious Practice on Social Stability 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: Academic]

.Like Buddhism, the purpose of Jain dharma is to undo the negative effects of karma through mental and physical purification.^ If our previous accumulation of negative effects is great, we can feel overwhelmed and hopeless, like someone too deeply in financial debt to get out from under it (which itself is one form of negative karma!

^ Activities such as offering food, drink, shelter, purifying thought, physical and mental happiness result in producing Punya karma.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ EASTERN VIEW: God is Love and is inextricably one with the soul, guiding it through karmas into the fulfillment of dharma and finally to moksha, liberation.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.This process leads to liberation accompanied by a great natural inner peace.^ Only when an artist understands the process of nature and sees beyond the appearance of natural objects to the inner reality of things can she/he create a Taoist painting.
  • MASLOW AND TAOISM: A COMPARATIVE STUDY 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC psychodrama.dapcmi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Third, the process of painting leads one through a Taoist experience with nature to a creative expression in the painting.
  • MASLOW AND TAOISM: A COMPARATIVE STUDY 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC psychodrama.dapcmi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We are social animals evolved by natural selection, so the great majority of us will naturally desire the health of our families and the peace of our communities.

.Having purified one's soul of karmic impurities, a tirthankar is considered omniscient, and a role model.^ That's the essential attitude of the soul'arians, though usually the big problem is considered to be one's attachment to the physical frame, not the flesh and bones themselves.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Bible considered polygamy (having more than one wife) to be acceptable.
  • Religion - near-death experiences 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Zhuang-zi considered Mo-zi "one of the greatest souls in the world," he likewise criticized him for being too strict in economizing on funerals and music.
  • Ethics of Daoism and Mo-zi by Sanderson Beck 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.Identified as divine, these individuals are called bhagavan, lord (e.g., Bhagavan Rushabha, Bhagavan Parshva, etc.^ The One Being whom the sages call by many names (Ekam-sat) is referred to in the neuter gender, signifying divine existence and not a divine individual.
  • An Introduction to Hinduism 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.uni-giessen.de [Source type: Original source]

^ He is not only called the "Lord" and "Son of God," which are used as divine titles (Jn.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And, as in all real love, the individual forgets himself utterly and entirely: only the object of love, the divine Krishna, the Lord, the inner Self of man, remains.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

). .Tirthankar are not regarded as gods in the pantheistic or polytheistic sense, but rather as examplars that have awakened the divine spiritual qualities which lie dormant in each of us.^ On the Sonship of Jesus: Jesus is the unique Son of God in a spiritual sense.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities - His eternal power and divine nature - have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It looks upon the divine commandments as a source of spiritual joy ("simḥah shel miẓwah") and as a token of God's special protection (Ber.

There have been 24 Tirthankaras in what the Jains call the 'present age'. The last two Tirthankaras: Parsva and Mahavira are historical figures whose existence is recorded[14]
.Mahavira established the fourfold community (chaturvidhi sangha) of monks, nuns, and male and female laypersons.^ Two such proposals are parisa (the "fourfold assembly": monks (bhikkhus), nuns (bhikkhunis), male lay followers (upasakas), and female lay followers (upasikas), regardless of spiritual attainment; see Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha by Thanissaro Bhikkhu (1997)) and gana (chapter; quorum; gang).
  • Frequently Asked Questions About Buddhism 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Sangha is composed of the bonzes or monks and nuns and is basically supported by the laity, mainly through gifts which earn merit for the giver.

^ Nuns have been part of the Sangha since the Buddha established the role of nuns in his lifetime.

.According to Jain Scriptures, Bahubali (also known as Gommateshvara) was the second of the one hundred sons of the first Tirthankara, Lord Rishabha and king of Podanpur.^ One instance of such worship is that of the image of the Bahubali who was the son of Rishabha Deva, the first tirthankara.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At one of the foremost Svetambara tirthas , Shatrunjaya in Gujarat, over nine hundred temples crown a single hill, said to have been visited by the first tirthankara , Rishabha, and believed to be the place where Rama, Sita and the Pandava brothers (incorporated into Jain tradition) gained deliverance.

^ Yorb myths say that lrun (whose name means "Lord or Owner of the Sky") delegated the task of creating the world to one of his sons, btl.

A statue of Lord Bahubali is located at Shravanabelagola in the Hassan district of Karnataka State. .Shravanabelagola is a sacred place of pilgrimage to Jain with a splendid and lofty statue of stone on top of a hillock there.^ There were also the Jaina holy places of pilgrimage.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Jain places of pilgrimage.
  • Encyclopaedia of Jainism/edited by Nagendra Kr. Singh 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.vedamsbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was freedom to celebrate religious functions, people led pilgrimage to holy places.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.When standing at the statue's feet looking up, one sees the inspiring vision of the saint against the vastness of the sky.^ That is what one is up against in this situation.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Morals are measured against a "relative index", there is no absolute measure except the ones you make up."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I looked at the pages you referred to and it appears that there is no specific policy on which sources one can quote from, at least that I could see, and I saw nothing on movies.
  • User talk:Diane Farsetta - SourceWatch 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The figure is lofty like the sky, and the serenity of the face is unique and incomparable in its beauty. This statue of Gommateshwara Bahubali is carved from a single stone fifty-seven feet high. .The giant image was carved in 981 A.D., by order of Chavundaraya, the minister of the Ganga King Rachamalla.^ The minister of his son king Allaa constructed a Jaina temple at gha in which the image of Prvantha was installed by Yaodeavsri of the the Saeraka Gachchha in the 10th century.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

Bahubali is another name for Gommateshwara.

Emphasis on non-violence in thought and practice

Jains praying at the feet of a statue of Lord Bahubali.
.Jains believe that every human is responsible for his/her actions and all living beings have an eternal soul, jīva.^ When that has been achieved with every human being...
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It declares that every human being will be personally responsible to his Creator.

^ My friendship is with all living beings, .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jains believe all souls are equal because they all possess the potential of being liberated and attaining moksha.^ I forgive all Souls, may they forgive me.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The removal of all past accumulated karma is called Moksha or liberation.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They were of high character because they wanted nothing and also possessed nothing.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Tirthankaras are role models only because they have attained moksha.^ If people are good only because they fear punishment, and hope for reward, then we are a sorry lot indeed.
  • Religions Atheist Atheism Agnostic: Freud, Darwin, Einstein, Nietzsche:Discussion of Atheist Agnostic Quotes 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We will look only at Hui Shi's account here because he plays such a significant role in the text of the Zhuangzi .
  • Taoism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some African-Americans say they choose Islam because it was the only religion which never participated in the Black African slave trade.
  • Islam, Islamic, Muslim, Allah - The Peace FAQ 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.peacefaq.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jains insist that we live, think and act respectfully and honor the spiritual nature of all life.^ I have lived all my life in India.

^ All I know is that life is meant to be lived.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We might just have to ACCEPT that they they are engaging in double-think and can still be reasonable in all other facets of their intellectual life.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jains view divinity as the unchanging traits of the pure soul of each living being, described as Infinite Knowledge, Perception, Consciousness, and Happiness (Ananta Jnāna, Ananta Darshana, Ananta Cāritra and Ananta Sukha).^ The soul is the only living substance, which is consciousness and possesses knowledge.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Soul or living being (Consciousness) .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord Mahavir said that, "A living body is not merely an integration of limbs and flesh but it is the abode of the soul which potentially has infinite perception (Anant‑darshana), infinite knowledge (Anant‑jnna), infinite power (Anant‑virya), and infinite bliss (Anant‑sukha).
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jains do not believe in an omnipotent supreme being, creator or manager (kartā), but rather in an eternal universe governed by natural laws.^ The universe is not looked upon as the creation of a supreme creator.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe that the universe is not eternal, but was created by and will be destroyed by God.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He transcends His creation as an eternal Being.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jains hold that this temporal world inflicts much misery and sorrow.^ There seems to me too much misery in the world.
  • Religions Atheist Atheism Agnostic: Freud, Darwin, Einstein, Nietzsche:Discussion of Atheist Agnostic Quotes 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is misery in the world of Samsara; there is much misery and pain.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, to attain lasting bliss, one must transcend the cycle of transmigration, lest one remain eternally trapped in its never-ending repetition.^ It determines the span of life in one birth, thus obscuring soul's nature of eternal existence.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The principle does not cease to apply when someone becomes a Bahá'í because one never arrives at a full understanding of truth and always must refine one's understanding of it.
  • Baha'i Faith - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His head symbolizes wisdom, understanding, and a discriminating intellect that one must possess to attain perfection in life.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

.The only way to break out of this cycle is to practice detachment through rational perception, rational knowledge and rational conduct.^ Yes there are other ways to know about God for God speaks to us by what He has created, but only through His Son and by His Spirit can we truly come to know Him in Person.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe that all souls reincarnate, evolving through many births until all their karmas have been resolved and moksha, spiritual knowledge and liberation from the cycle of rebirth, is attained.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They said the only way to protect against HIV and other STI's is through abstinence before marriage and fidelity among married couples.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jain scriptures were written over a long period of time, but the most cited is the Tattvartha Sutra, or "Book of Reality", written by the monk-scholar, Umasvati (aka Umāsvāmi) almost 1800 years ago.^ That was almost 35 years ago.
  • Conservative Judaism at a Crossroads – Forward.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.forward.com [Source type: Original source]

^ F03 ] Bart: Time really flies when you're reading the (looks at book for first time) ewww...
  • The Simpsons Archive: Religion on the Simpsons 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.snpp.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But in truth the time since I attained Buddhahood is the tremendously long period I have already revealed.

The protagonists of this sutra are Tirthankaras. .The two main sects of Jainism are called Digambar and Svetambar.^ Sirabo mentions two sects of philosophers one called the Brachmaes and the other Germanes .
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ SECTS: There are two main divisions within Islam.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was the lack of a clear definition of Nirvana that caused the Great Buddhist schism into two main sects.

.Both sects affirm ahimsa (or ahinsā), asceticism, karma, sanskār, and jiva.^ Both of these esoteric sects were to take part in the mixing of Buddhism with various Japanese Shinto folk, ascetic, and magical practices.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Though practice differs between the two sects, Jain doctrine is uniform, with great emphasis placed on rational perception, rational knowledge and rational conduct.^ It is a religious doctrine ---- a vast difference between the two.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The differences between the two are enormous as to their validity.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Big difference between the two.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

{"samyagdarśanajñānacāritrāṇimokṣamārgaḥ", Tattvārthasūtra, 1.1}
.Compassion for all life, both human and non-human, is central to Jainism.^ Absolute morals should address the improvement and quality of life for all of humanity.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As I've said before, and am about to say again, not one single person in all of human history has ever had a spiritual experience -- if "spirit" is taken to mean non-physical.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In all you ever witness where can you show me life or mind or intent coming from a non-living, non-thinking, non-intentional thing?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Human life is valued as a unique, rare opportunity to reach enlightenment.^ The human life on earth is a rare opportunity; it cannot be repeated very often.

^ How the planet reaches the balance point of human carrying capacity or even an optimum level, while providing for all other life is the issue.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the value-life is an aspect of human biology, says Maslow the spiritual life * is part of our biological.
  • MASLOW AND TAOISM: A COMPARATIVE STUDY 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC psychodrama.dapcmi.com [Source type: Original source]

.To kill any person, no matter their crime, is considered unimaginably abhorrent.^ The crimes although petty and debateable are of no matter here.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mainly, I’ve found, that no matter how many different places I go to, I always find the same person there.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When npnn kills a person, no one should rejoice.

.History suggests that various strains of Hinduism became vegetarian due to strong Jain influences.^ History suggests that various strains of Hinduism became vegetarian due to strong Jain influences.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • An Introduction to Jainism or Jain Dharma 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hinduwebsite.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Jainism - World Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC religion.moonlightchest.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many historians believe that various strains of Hinduism adopted vegetarianism due to the strong influence of Jainism and Buddhism.
  • An Introduction to Jainism or Jain Dharma 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hinduwebsite.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some Indian regions have been strongly influenced by Jains and often the majority of the local non-Jain population has also become vegetarian.

[29]. .Jains run animal shelters all over India.^ Such Jain shrines with images are found at many places all over India, some of these places are Shravanabelagola, Palitana and Sammed Shikhar.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

For example, Delhi has a bird hospital run by Jains. .Every city and town in Bundelkhand has animal shelters run by Jains where all manner of animals are sheltered, even though the shelter is generally known as a Gaushala ("sacred cow").^ And us atheists are all pretending to see it as a work of primitive man trying to understand his existence, even though we in fact see it exactly as you do.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then you have the unity and consistent themes running throughout the Bible all pointing towards God and revealing the Lord Jesus Christ on every page.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well Timmy, I do not see what you do in private or how many times you have acted in a manner that even by your standard you deem is wrong, but God sees it all.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jainism's stance on nonviolence goes far beyond vegetarianism.^ In Japan, meditative mindfulness goes far beyond the precincts of the monastery.

^ His topic was, in fact, the Western God but the argument goes far beyond that.
  • Religion: The Appendix of Modern Society 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jains refuse food obtained with unnecessary cruelty.^ Jains refuse food obtained with unnecessary cruelty.

.Many practice a lifestyle similar to veganism, due to the violence of modern dairy farms, and others exclude root vegetables from their diets to preserve the lives of these plants, since they are often uprooted during the harvest.^ Many of them are similar to each other.
  • Islam, Islamic, Muslim, Allah - The Peace FAQ 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.peacefaq.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nichiren Shoshu and Soka Gakkai used to be one sect, but they split apart in 1991 and have had an ugly, often vicious rivalry ever since.

^ Some of the other ancient Greeks had many ideas that are now a basis for modern science, engineering, math, philosophy, and democracy.

[30] Potatoes, garlic and onions in particular are avoided by Jains.[31] .Traditionally oriented Jains do not eat, drink, or travel after sunset, and prefer to drink water that is boiled and then cooled to room temperature.^ (Can those in such Bliss) be compared to such as shall dwell for ever in the Fire, and be given, to drink, boiling water, so that it cuts up their bowels (to pieces)?"

^ Then after cooling she used the water to water two identical plants to see if there would be any difference in the growth between the normal boiled water and the water boiled in a microwave.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

^ Qur'an (56:55) "Indeed ye shall drink (the Boiling Water) like diseased camels raging with thirst."
  • Islam, Islamic, Muslim, Allah - The Peace FAQ 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.peacefaq.com [Source type: Original source]

.The purpose of these practices is to minimise the harm that may otherwise be caused to living organisms inadvertently.^ Not to cause harm to any living beings .
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This process may take hundreds of thousands of years to occur, but the harm caused by the appendix is minor, and easily fixed by medical science.
  • Religion: The Appendix of Modern Society 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prana-Vyana-Samana-Apana-Udana (From The Mahabharata) These are the five kinds of wind that cause an embodied creature to live and move.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

.Anekantavada, a foundation of Jain philosophy, which literally means search of truth from different points of view, is the application of the principle of equality of souls in the sphere of thought.^ I took that to mean, do I view it as a philosophy?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Point of view makes a difference.

^ This is accomplished through the supreme ideals in the Jain religion of nonviolence, equal kindness, reverence for all forms of life, nonpossessiveness, and through the philosophy of non-absolutism ( Anekntvd ).
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is a jain philosophical standpoint just as there is the Advaitic standpoint of Sankara and the standpoint of the Middle Path of the Buddhists.^ The Middle Path is pure because it does not cling to any Self And phenomena stay [are] just as they are .

^ I just think there's another path to him....
  • The Simpsons Archive: Religion on the Simpsons 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.snpp.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The question seems particularly pertinent in cases like Buddhist and Jain philosophy, which have all had rich philosophical histories.
  • Hindu Philosophy [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

[32] .This search leads to understanding and toleration of different and even conflicting views.^ Yes, God speaks using the same Scriptures to both, but with any conflicting/contradictory views both cannot be true because they are saying completely different things.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But I think you are ignoring the fact that I am, generally speaking, an open minded person and I am tolerant and even accepting of other lifestyles that are different than my own.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Hindu deities are not viewed as separate and rival powers, but as different functions, different aspects, different ways of understanding and approaching the one Reality.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

When this happens prejuidices subside and tendency to accommodate increases. .The theory of Anekanta is therefore unique experiment of non-violence at the root.^ It roots the notion of non-self conveyed by emptiness in the field of experience.

[15].
.A derivation of this principle is the doctrine of Syadvada that highlights every view is relative to its view point.^ Quote: A usually religious movement or point of view characterized by a return to fundamental principles, by rigid adherence to those principles, and often by intolerance of other views and opposition to secularism.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ It has been a satisfaction to me to find myself on almost every point of usage in agreement with the views of so able a Chinese scholar.
  • The Texts of Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC terebess.hu [Source type: Original source]

.It is a matter of our daily experience that the same object which gives pleasure to us under certain circumstances becomes boring under different situations.^ No two of us experience a given situation quite the same.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Give us this day our daily bread.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The same is true of our different worldviews.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nonetheless relative truth is undoubtedly useful as it is a stepping stone to the ultimate realization of reality.^ If there is any single principle central to Dôgen’s Zen, it is that of emptiness, as appropriated in the context of realization in terms of the dynamic interplay of duality and nonduality, or of worldly truth and ultimate truth.

^ All truth is relative if there is not objective, absolute, ultimate standard to measure it against.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Buddhism does not conceive ultimate truth or reality in the guise of a personal God.

.The theory of Syadvada is based on the premise that every proposition is only relatively true.^ If truth is only relative, then it is only relatively true for you.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every religion thinks they are the only ones serving the true God and going to heaven.
  • Islam The Lies and Deceptions 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC islamlies.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You, being a true believer in darwinism, merely continue to assert that they must be delusions and based only upon my ego.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

.It all depends on the particular aspect from which we approach that proposition.^ It all depends on how the electromagnetic impulses in any particular mind are triggered.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We are all different aspects of the same being who is not committed to one particular religion.
  • Religion - near-death experiences 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

Jains therefore developed logic that encompasses sevenfold predication so as to assist in the construction of proper judgment about any proposition.
.Syadvada provides Jainas with a systematic methodology to explore the real nature of reality and consider the problem in a non-violent way from different perspectives.^ The way I see it, everything real is natural.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jaina ethics and non-violent action.
  • Encyclopaedia of Jainism/edited by Nagendra Kr. Singh 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.vedamsbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They encourage a sort of intuitive and non-logical way of seeking balance in the world by resisting the desire to interfere with normal processes of nature.
  • Spirituality Information - World Religions - Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.majikalwishes.com [Source type: Original source]

.This process ensures that each statement is expressed from seven different conditional and relative viewpoints or propositions, and thus it is known as theory of conditioned predication.^ The Seven Stages of the Hierarchy of Needs is just a plagiarism on the Theories of Tantric or Kundalini Yoga known about in India for thousands of years.
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

^ This leads to the doctrine of Sydvd or relativity, which states that expression of truth is relative to different viewpoints (Nayas).
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Religious faith is not inhibited by reason or evidence, does not help us discern the difference between truth and falsehood, and can thus be used to justify any proposition.

These seven propositions are described as follows:
  • 1.Syād-asti — "in some ways it is"
  • 2.Syād-nāsti — "in some ways it is not"
  • 3.Syād-asti-nāsti — "in some ways it is and it is not"
  • 4.Syād-asti-avaktavyaḥ — "in some ways it is and it is indescribable"
  • 5.Syād-nāsti-avaktavyaḥ — "in some ways it is not and it is indescribable"
  • 6.Syād-asti-nāsti-avaktavyaḥ — "in some ways it is, it is not and it is indescribable"
  • 7.Syād-avaktavyaḥ — "in some ways it is indescribable"
.Jains are usually very welcoming and friendly toward other faiths and often help with interfaith functions.^ Jains willingly donate money to churches and mosques and usually help with interfaith functions.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jains are usually very welcoming and friendly toward other faiths and often help with interfaith functions.

^ Jains are traditionally very welcoming and friendly toward other faiths.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several non-Jain temples in India are administered by Jains.^ For example, several non-Jain temples in India are administered by Jain individuals.
  • An Introduction to Jainism or Jain Dharma 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hinduwebsite.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Several non-Jain temples in India are administered by Jains.

^ Compared to the Jain population (less than 1% of India's population), the contribution of Jains to India (in terms of culture, literature, sculptures, temples, economy, etc.

.A palpable presence in Indian culture, Jains have contributed to Indian philosophy, art, architecture, science, and to Mohandas Gandhi's politics, which led to the mainly non-violent movement for Indian independence.^ The Cola patronage of Jain art and architecture.
  • Encyclopaedia of Jainism/edited by Nagendra Kr. Singh 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.vedamsbooks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is accomplished through the supreme ideals in the Jain religion of nonviolence, equal kindness, reverence for all forms of life, nonpossessiveness, and through the philosophy of non-absolutism ( Anekntvd ).
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Appreciating their non-violent struggle for the liberation of the Sikh Gurdwaras from the hereditary Mahants , Mahatma Gandhi issued an appeal saying: .
  • Khushwant Singh and His Continuing Distortion of Sikhism 8 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.sikhspectrum.com [Source type: Original source]

[33]. .Though Mohandas Gandhi states clearly in his Autobiography that his mother was a Vaishnava, Jain monks visited his home regularly.^ Gandhi, Mohandas K. An Autobiography or the Story of My Experiments with Truth .

.He spent considerable time under the tutelage of Jain monks, learning the philosophies of non-violence and doing good always.^ This is accomplished through the supreme ideals in the Jain religion of nonviolence, equal kindness, reverence for all forms of life, nonpossessiveness, and through the philosophy of non-absolutism ( Anekntvd ).
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Have a good time doing just this by laughing at Mr. Deity.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Spent some considerable time around "official" humanists, years ago, shortly after getting out of the Navy and deciding I was on the wrong damn side.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

Creation and cosmology

Bhaktamara Stotra and 10th couplet in Thirukural [3], a Tamil classic: A Tirthankara is a shelter from ocean of rebirths.
.According to Jain beliefs, the universe was never created, nor will it ever cease to exist.^ "The creation of the universe (according to the phallic adepts) is the work of the hermaphrodite god.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This god would have existed for an eternity and then decided to create the universe.

^ If it always existed, then what caused it to go an infinite amount of time and abruptly decide to create the universe?

Therefore, it is shaswat (infinite). .It has no beginning or end, but time is cyclical with progressive and regressive spirituality phases.^ It is up to him to begin work on his own spiritual advancement, and he is retarding the progress of others by misleading them with false hopes of a promised land.
  • Religion - near-death experiences 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is fairly simple to see in the "seed" of the primitive chiliasm of the early Christian ideas the concept of Time Loops and hyperdimensional realities as well as the idea of cyclical catastrophes signaling both the end and the beginning of "worlds."
  • Christianity or Machiavelli and the ETs by Laura Knight-Jadczyk 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.cassiopaea.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Truth knows neither birth nor death; it has no beginning and no end.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Rishi divide time into Utsarpinis (Progressive Time Cycle) and Avsarpinis (Regressive Time Cycle).^ Put that into historical context and I just have to say that the relationships are superb and that we are making progress all the time.” .
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

^ Through these stories, people learned that a person could progress into a better person or regress into a worse person.
  • Medieval Judaism 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.lightplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SAIVISM: The path for Saivites is divided into four progressive stages of belief and practice called charya, kriya, yoga and jnana.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

An Utsarpini and an Avsarpini constitute one Time Cycle (Kalchakra). .Every Utsarpini and Avsarpini is divided into six unequal periods known as Aras.^ The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch was written in the late 1800's by Rabbi Shlomo Gantzfried and is a summary collection of Halachah for every day practice divided into categories.
  • Judaism Reading List: Introduction and General (Pt. I) 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ Each half circle is further sub-divided into six zones known as six eras or ras.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Cult divides into two unequal parts, the stimulation of the religious emotions and the control of piety.

.During the Utsarpini half cycle, humanity develops from its worst to its best: ethics, progress, happiness, strength, health, and religion each start the cycle at their worst, before eventually completing the cycle at their best and starting the process again.^ At present, pre-adamic man is deprived of this possibility, but it will be given to him if adamic humanity develops as it should during the era of the Holy Spirit.
  • Christianity or Machiavelli and the ETs by Laura Knight-Jadczyk 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.cassiopaea.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We believed that the process almost always started with complete isolation of populations.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Harris would do well to heed it -- as he would the subjugation of more than half the human race, the female half, under religion.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

During the Avsarpini half-cycle, these notions deteriorate from the best to the worst. .Jains believe we are currently in the fifth Ara of the Avsarpini phase, with exactly 18,463 years until the next Ara.^ Humanity is now living in the "Bahá'í Era," the "millennium" of Bahá'u'lláh which is to last at least a thousand years (until at least 2853 C.E. and the appearance of the next Manifestation).
  • Baha'i Faith - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Believing he was enlightened by the dream, the Yellow Emperor spent the next twenty years letting his kingdom be as in the dream.
  • Ethics of Daoism and Mo-zi by Sanderson Beck 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The time period of current assets of the company may not be exactly one year to match with the time period of one year of current liabilities .

.After this Ara we will enter the sixth phase, which will last for approximately 21,000 years.^ Rs 6,062 million has been granted for the Family Planning Programme, supported by the UNFPA. About 25,000 vasectomies were registered last year, which is encouraging.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The religion passed through several phases including Albigensianism as its last relic before resurfacing as Zoroastrianism about 2500 years ago.

^ This promised land, given to Israel by the God of the Bible, has been occupied by Jews continuously for the last 3,000 years, and they are the only people to have done so.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.After this, the Utsarpini phase will begin, continuing the infinite repetition of the belief that at the upswing of each time cycle, people will lose religion again.^ The processes by which the establishment changed belief and practice at the time were much the same in both religions and are still used and applied today.
  • ORIGIN OF CHRISTIANITY and JUDAISM 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.solhaam.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The problem with religion is not that it teaches belief in deity, rather that it doesn't sufficiently use that to teach its believers to be better to other people and to move to higher levels of belief.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We have a plethora of philosophers and ethicist and people of all religions and non-belief who will agree upon what is "good" for humankind (at least in Western society).
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.All wishes will be granted by wish-granting trees (Kalpavrksa), and people will be born in sets of twins (Yugalika) with one boy and one girl who stay together all their lives.^ One of the people I live with has a similar history.

^ I am not saying people living together are not committed.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nevertheless, there are still people who quote that one verse about men sleeping together from the ancient holiness code to falsely claim that the Bible condemns homosexuality.
  • Religion - near-death experiences 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

.This symbolizes the fully integrated human with male and female characteristics in balance.^ The story behind "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" (and Female) reveals his hidden agenda.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most healthy is a balance of female and male energy.
  • Ethics of Daoism and Mo-zi by Sanderson Beck 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jain philosophy is based upon eternal, universal truths.^ Truth is based upon what is real.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Truth is based upon what is real."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In summary, the Jain religion philosophy is eternal but its code of conduct is continually modified by various Tirthankars based on time, place and circumstances of the era.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

.During the first and last two Aras, these truths lapse among humanity and then reappear through the teachings of enlightened humans, those who have reached moksha or total knowledge (Kevala Jnana), during the third and fourth Aras.^ Those who know themselves are enlightened.
  • Ethics of Daoism and Mo-zi by Sanderson Beck 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In my Teacher’s 60+ years of teaching he always says he’s never found anyone who’s reached the stage of jing transforming to chi.

^ I'm asking you how you can justify your knowledge and position to yourself first, and then to those who are seeking the truth of the matter, since you are saying that Christianity is myth.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Traditionally, in our universe and in our time, Lord Rushabha (ऋषभ) is regarded as the first to realize the truth.^ The Buddha, our Lord, has revealed the truth.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Understand the reality and universal truths of Judaism.
  • Medieval Judaism 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.lightplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If it is a passionately felt symbol for the reality of genetic influence on our lives, it may have a reality that survives the bright light and deserves celebration as a mental image of the Dawkinsian truth."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lord Vardhamana (Mahavira) was the last Tirthankara to attain enlightenment (599-527 BC).^ Approximately 2600 years ago Lord Mahavir or Vardhaman (599 to 527 BC), the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankar of this era, expounded the Jain philosophy, which had been previously preached by his predecessor Tirthankar Parshvanath (about 950 to 850 BC).
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the age of 72 (in 527 BC), Lord Mahavir attained Nirvn and his purified soul left his body and achieved complete liberation.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe in the spiritual lineage of the 24 Tirthankaras ("ford-crossers") of whom the ascetic sage Mahavira was the last -- that they should be revered and worshiped above all else.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was preceded by 23 others, making a total of 24 Tirthankaras.^ We share more than 99% of our genes with chimps, but we have 23 pairs of chromosomes while chimps and other great apes have 24.

^ But as per Jaina records, 23 Tirthankaras preceded him.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is important to note that the above description stands true "in our universe and in our time", for Jains believe there have been infinite sets of 24 Tirthankaras, one for each half of the time cycle, and this will continue in the future.^ This represents the Jain description of the shape of the universe.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe there is nothing to believe in at this time.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Our government/industry teams continue to leverage these open system strategies and concepts in achieving reduction in overall development cycle times and delivering increased system capabilities to the Fleet faster and cheaper.
  • SourceWatch article "Bahai Faith" (mentioning legal action against OBF) - talk.religion.bahai | Google Groups 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC groups.google.de [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hence, Jainism does not trace its origins to Rushabh Deva, the first, or finish with Mahavira, the 24th, Tirthankara.^ One instance of such worship is that of the image of the Bahubali who was the son of Rishabha Deva, the first tirthankara.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First, what is the origin of the theory and how does it compare to the ancient sage kings?
  • Ethics of Daoism and Mo-zi by Sanderson Beck 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.According to Jainism, the universe consists of infinite amount of Jiva (life force or souls), and the design resembles a man standing with his arms bent while resting his hands on his waist.^ An infinite number of souls exist in the universe.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The outline figure looks like a person standing with their feet apart and arms resting on both hips.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Peter said: "The order in the universe - the orbits, the gravitational pull, the order needed to support life, a sustainable right amount of oxygen" .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The narrow waist part comprises various Kshetras, for vicharan (roaming) for humans, animals and plants.^ Level 3: Humans; plants and animals.

^ This blend of human and animal parts is a symbolic representation of a perfect human being, as conceived by Hindu sages.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

^ The natural world is composed of humans, animals and plants.

Currently we are in the Bharat Kshetra of Jambu Dweep (dweep means island).
.The Deva Loka (Heavens) are at the symbolic "chest" of Creation, where all devas (gods) reside.^ All are created from the seed of Brahm (God).
  • Khushwant Singh and His Continuing Distortion of Sikhism 8 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.sikhspectrum.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But God created all creatures.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God has created all that is by the power of His word.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Similarly, beneath the "waist" are the Narka Loka (Hell). .There are seven Narka Lokas, each for a varying degree suffering a jiva has to go through to face the consequences of its paap karma (sins).^ There are varying degrees of uncertainty.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But even there salvation centers not on forgiveness but on release from delusion and suffering through meditative insight into the nature of reality.

^ There is no other way to grow strong spiritually than to go through trials.

.From the first to the seventh Narka, the degree of suffering increases and light reaching it decreases (with no light in the seventh Narka).^ For all light that reaches the event horizon is bent back into the neutron core, from which no light (or intelligence) can escape.

.The sidhha kshetra or moksha is situated at the symbolic forehead of the creation, where all the jivas having attained nirvana reside in a state of complete peace and eternal happiness.^ Nirvana is not a state of annihilation, but of peace and reality.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not one, not two but all three are needed to attain Moksha.
  • JAINISM 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jcnc.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Heaven and Hell would be places where Yahweh could watch the souls he created, predestined for eternal happiness or agony.

.Outside the symbolic figure of this creation nothing but aloka or akaasha (sky) exists.^ Acquiring knowledge about the universe He created through the scientific method does not prove God does not exist nor that there is knowledge outside God."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The creator, by definition, is outside his creation, and therefore science has nothing to say about the existence, or lack thereof, of God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Acquiring knowledge about the universe He created through the scientific method does not prove God does not exist nor that there is knowledge outside God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Jain monks and nuns (Sadhu or Muni Maharaj)

Mulnayak Shri Adinath Bhagwan, Bibrod Tirth
.In India there are trillions[citation needed] of Jain Monks, in categories like Acharya, Upadhyaya and Muni.^ An Order of Jaina Monks (Munis) and Nuns (Sadhvis) Like the Buddhists, the Jains have an order of Monks.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "In fact", he asks, "might there not in this be a remote influence of the Munis (holy saints of India)"?
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

Trainee ascetics are known as Ailaka and Ksullaka in the Digambar tradition.
.There are two categories of ascetics, Sadhu (monk) and Sadhvi (nun).^ In addition to Monks, the Shwetambars also have an order of Nuns called Sadhvis.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An Order of Jaina Monks (Munis) and Nuns (Sadhvis) Like the Buddhists, the Jains have an order of Monks.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

They practice the five Mahavratas, three Guptis and five Samitis:
Five Mahavratas
  • Ahimsa: Non-violence in thought, word and deed
  • Satya: Truth which is (hita) beneficial, (mita) succinct and (priya) pleasing
  • Acaurya: Not accepting anything that has not been given to them by the owner
  • Brahmacarya: Absolute purity of mind and body
  • Aparigraha: Non-attachment to non-self objects
Three Guptis
  • Managupti: Control of the mind
  • Vacanagupti: Control of speech
  • Kayagupti: Control of body
Five Samitis
  • Irya Samiti: Carefulness while walking
  • Bhasha Samiti: Carefulness while communicating
  • Eshana Samiti: Carefulness while eating
  • Adana Nikshepana Samiti: Carefulness while handling their fly-whisks, water gourds, etc.
  • Pratishthapana Samiti: Carefulness while disposing of bodily waste matter
.Male Digambara monks do not wear any clothes and are nude.^ The Digambara ("Sky-clad") sect holds that a saint should own nothing, not even clothes, thus their practice of wearing only a loincloth.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.They practice non-attachment to the body and hence, wear no clothes.^ He is blue body and wears yellow clothes.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

^ I think we're connected, as cultural beings, to a plethora of attachments and baggage; seems perfectly reasonable if one can be a non-practicing Jew that one can also be a non-practicing Catholic.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Nevertheless they have no practical value at the level at which we operate i.e.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Shvetambara monks and nuns wear white clothes.^ Jaina monks and nuns were given clothes.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Shvetambaras believe that monks and nuns may wear simple un-stitched white clothes as long as they are not attached to them.^ Jaina monks and nuns were given clothes.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, I believe that many of the observations and critiques below—focussed as they are on pre-1997 writings—may be still relevant and useful to today’s dialogue.
  • Engaged Buddhism: New and Improved!(?) Made in the U. S. A. of Asian Materials 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.buddhistethics.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm sure they smile because they are wondering how long before what they believed has evolved yet again.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jain monks and nuns travel on foot.^ An Order of Jaina Monks (Munis) and Nuns (Sadhvis) Like the Buddhists, the Jains have an order of Monks.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

They do not use mechanical transport.
.Digambar followers take up to eleven Pratimaye (oath).^ Our Lord said: ``If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.''
  • Frequently Asked Questions about the Catholic Church 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ True living is opposite of Darwinian evolution, true living is about putting others above myself, denying myself, taking up my cross daily and following Him.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So I would encourage you this day to Embrace that Cross, take it up and continue to Follow Christ.
  • Why I Left Judaism | Real Zionist News 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.realjewnews.com [Source type: Original source]

.Monks take all eleven oaths.^ All Jains take five vows, but it is the monk who practices celibacy and poverty.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.They eat only once a day.^ Originally, like many other wandering mendicants of their time, they had tended to be constantly on the move, congregating only once a year for the three months of the monsoon.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My brothers, you should know that one day you will face death and this ominous event can only occur once.
  • Islam 101 - Jihad Watch 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Cambridge mathematician G.H. Hardy once said that all mathematicians are isomorphic, by which he meant not only that they think alike but that their Platonic souls were equivalent up to isomorphism.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Male Digambar monk (Maharajji) eat standing at one place in their palms without using any utensil.^ To claim oneself an "atheist" is to say "I am without theism," which immediately places one in the position that all gods (or just certain gods) do not and cannot exist...
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Question: How can one, standing alone on the ground, bare feet, and without armour to protect the body, defeat the opposition who is mounted in a battle tank?
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

^ He gets very defensive when people use metaphors like this one particularly and corrects the usage of the term sky-daddy almost without fail.
  • Does Atheism Make Life Meaningless? | Unreasonable Faith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC unreasonablefaith.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Jain Festivities (Parva)

.
  • Paryushan Parva, 10/8 (Digambar/Svetamber) day fasts, and for observe, 10/8 important principles.
  • Mahavir Jayanti,[34] Lord Mahavir's birth, more properly known as Mahavir Janma Kalyanak because the term 'jayanti' is inappropriate for a Tirthankar, as this term is used for humans still in the cycle of life and death.
  • Kshamavaani, The day for asking everyone's forgiveness.
  • diwali, the nirvana day of Lord Mahavira
  • astami/ Chaturdashi, The day to learn the eight karmas.^ Non-Birth (No-Birth) "A term used to describe the nature of Nirvana.
    • Buddhism Glossary 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.sinc.sunysb.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Compare birth with death, compare death with life; compare what is possible with what is not possible and compare what is not possible with what is possible; because there is, there is not, and because there is not, there is.
    • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Life and death are like day and night.'
    • The Texts of Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC terebess.hu [Source type: Original source]

    .To release from the four gathis or bhava, Manushya, triyancha, Nariki, deva
  • Veerashasana jayanthi, The day divya dvani of lord mahaveera was heard from the samvathsarana.
  • Shrutha panchami, The completion day of the first grantha of shatkandagama.^ Because Jesus had been raised on the first day of the week, this day became known as the Lord's day and was the day for Christians to assemble in worship (Rev.
    • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Christians ought to partake of the Lord's supper every first day of the week as an expression of the unity of the church which assembles every Sunday (1 Cor.
    • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This salvation, which was first announced by the Lord, was confirmed to us by those who heard Him.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    On this day the we do the jinavani pooja or stuti and read the granthas or Aagamas. i,e Davala, Jayadavala, Mahadavala ( 39 volumes ).

Karma theory

.Karma in Jainism conveys a totally different meaning than commonly understood in the Hindu philosophy and western civilization.^ Furthermore, the achievements of Islamic civilization are pretty modest given its 1300 year history when compared to Western, Hindu, or Confucian civilizations.
  • Islam 101 - Jihad Watch 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.jihadwatch.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Peter, the historic greatness of Western civilization was to use Greek mathematics and philosophy to balance Jewish religion.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, their meaning is not the same in Nanakian philosophy ( Gurmat ) as in Hinduism, as aptly observed and emphasized by Prof. Puran Singh in the 1920s: .
  • Khushwant Singh and His Continuing Distortion of Sikhism 8 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.sikhspectrum.com [Source type: Original source]

[35] .It is not the so called inaccessible force that controls the fate of living beings in inexplicable ways.^ Will we never learn enough about our own genetics to engineer perfect human beings who learn to live in a sustainable, peaceful and harmonious way?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Being the mother of all the active forces that hold the universe together as the life forces of the physical universe is concurrent to what is written in Genesis 3:20 concerning Eve being the mother of all living.

^ We are grieved by the callous way in which a Satanic movie called "The Passion of Christ "is being promoted.

.It does not mean "deed", "work", nor invisible, mystical force (adrsta), but a complex of very fine matter, imperceptible to the senses, which interacts with the soul, causing great changes.^ But in a larger sense, does it really matter?

^ Both man's sense of smell and sense of taste work very much like the supernova that occurs when the outer layers of a neutron star fall inward and bounce off the neutron core, and thereby produce the shock waves that cause the supernova.

^ Psychic states that tend to cause such dilation or such a sense of the soul expanding are numerous and have numerous labels, which typically have a religious cast (since they are not well understood states).
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Karma, then, is something material (karmapaudgalam), which produces certain conditions, like a medical pill has many effects.^ The point of the theory is that very small changes now can produce astonishingly large effects then, for many important systems.

^ This is something I’d like to debate further, but alas, I still have to struggle to clear certain matters with the intransigent, incorrigible, Timmy!
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Karma is not a sufficient criterion of Hinduism, and it likely is not a necessary condition either.
  • Hindu Philosophy [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

[36] .According to Robert Zydendos, karma in Jainism is a system of laws, but natural rather than moral laws.^ Since some Indians consider his books controversial because it introduces the Western idea, it must refer to the nature of the relationship rather than technicalities of sex.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to advocates of the standard view, if a religious citizen fails in his pursuit of secular reasons that support a given coercive law, then he is morally required to exercise restraint.
  • Religion and Political Theory (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many such natural way s, and We presuppose further ways when we choose among natural ones as we do again when we cultivate them in one way rather than another.
  • Taoism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Jainism, actions that carry moral significance are considered to cause consequences in just the same way as physical actions that do not carry any moral significance.^ For the Bible, to evenly compare to this, it must physically reveal God in the same way - through attributes that can be measured, not just cheap rhetoric.
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So you just phrase your belief in a way that isnt assertive, even though behaviorally and psychologically it is the same.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Conversely, if we carry bad causes and effects within our life, our environment and circumstances will eventually come to reflect that also, just like a body and its shadow.

.When one holds an apple in one's hand and then let go of the apple, the apple will fall: this is only natural.^ There is only one God by nature, .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And I can’t let this one go.
  • Copenhagen climate summit: 'most important paper in the world' is a glorified UN press release – Telegraph Blogs 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Those people who go out and get remarried fall into the same divorce statistics as the one's doing it for the first time.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.There is no judge, and no moral judgment involved, since this is a mechanical consequence of the physical action.^ There's no "rejection" involved in the process.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no Judgment Day for God does not judge or punish.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Morals are measured against a "relative index", there is no absolute measure except the ones you make up."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[37]

Customs and practices

.The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahimsa, meaning non-violence.^ Ahimsa A Hindu believes in non-violence.
  • Ragaculture / Hinduism 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.ragaculture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Non violence is the heart of Jain philosophy.
  • Jain Diet - Jain Studies Blog - International Summer School for Jain Studies 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.jainstudies.org [Source type: General]

^ Another incorporates a wheel on the palm of a hand.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The word in the middle is "Ahimsa." The wheel represents the dharmacakra, to halt the cycle of reincarnation through the pursuit of truth.
.Jain monks and nuns practice strict asceticism and strive to make their current birth their last, thus ending their cycle of transmigration.^ Thus the name slyly makes Jesus's birth illegitimate and those associated with it either rapists or fools.
  • Christianity | Jewcy.com 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe in dharma (the Way), karma (cause and effect), reincarnation, the sanga (brotherhood of seekers) and the passage on Earth as an opportunity to end the cycle of birth and death.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mo-zi himself and some of his followers might be able to follow this extreme asceticism, but it made most people uncomfortable and unhappy and thus was difficult to practice.
  • Ethics of Daoism and Mo-zi by Sanderson Beck 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.The laity, who pursue less rigorous practices, strive to attain rational perception and to do as much good as possible and get closer to the goal of attaining freedom from the cycle of transmigration.^ He said that "it is possible to use unspeakably wicked means to pursue an aim that is shared by those who would not dream of acting in the same way, an aim that is intelligible or desirable."
  • Religion (Harper's Magazine) 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ But people who are really into video games, like them so much they even like the ones that aren't very good.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By contrast the Mahayana sees the attainment of buddhahood as the highest goal; it can be attained through the inherent buddha-nature of every being through appropriate spiritual practice.
  • Buddhism Glossary 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.sinc.sunysb.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Following strict ethics, the laity usually choose professions that revere and protect life and totally avoid violent livelihoods.^ Following strict ethics, the laity choose professions that revere and protect life and totally avoid violentlivelihoods.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Jain Agamas teach great reverence for all forms of life, strict codes of vegetarianism, asceticism, nonviolence even in self-defense, and opposition to war.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe that the purpose of life is to follow an orderly and reverent existence in accord with Li, propriety or virtue, so as to become the Superior Man.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jains practice Samayika, which is a Sanskrit word meaning equanimity and derived from samaya (the soul).^ It is derived from the Ga words Kaa Kee Mi-meaning do not tell me.

^ Maitreya Sanskrit word, literally means friendly and benevolent.
  • Buddhism Glossary 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.sinc.sunysb.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The term 'Sikh' used to describe tbem means 'disciple' of the Guru and is derived from the term 'Shishya' which in Sanskrit means 'disciple'.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

The goal of samayika is to attain equanimity. Samayika is begun by achieving a balance in time. .If this current moment is defined as a moving line between the past and the future, samayika happens by being fully aware, alert and conscious in that moving time line when one experiences atma, one's true nature, common to all life forms.^ Realization of ones true nature is happiness.
  • MASLOW AND TAOISM: A COMPARATIVE STUDY 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC psychodrama.dapcmi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Awareness of the passage of time is the core experience of a conscious subject.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Enlightenment : An awareness that ones life has the Buddha-nature within.

Samayika is especially significant during Paryushana, a special period during the monsoon, and is practiced during the Samvatsari Pratikramana ritual.
.Jains believe that Devas (gods or celestial beings) cannot help jiva to obtain liberation, which must be achieved by individuals through their own efforts.^ We must believe that God exists (Heb.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Oldmar in Yorb theology cannot be all-knowing because Oldmar frequently consults If (i.e., the god of wisdom) for knowledge and advice through divination!

^ They want to pick and choose what they believe, and in the process invent their own god, whether that be themselves or a god made in their own image and according to their own standards.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.In fact, devas themselves cannot achieve liberation until they reincarnate as humans and undertake the difficult act of removing karma.^ In fact, devas themselves cannot achieve liberation until they reincarnate as humans and undertake the difficult act of removing karma.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Liberation from the human condition is difficult.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They also practice ahimsa, non-violence, because any act of violence against a living thing creates negative karma which will adversely affect one's next life.
  • The major world religions 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.omsakthi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their efforts to attain the exalted state of siddha, the permanent liberation of jiva from all involvement in worldly existence, must be their own.^ They all gave up their worldly existence by abstaining from food.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Jains, all things in existence are divided into two parts Jiva (i.e.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe that each man's soul is eternal and individual and that each must conquer himself by his own efforts and subordinate the worldly to the heavenly in order to attain moksha, or release.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

The strict Jain ethical code for monks/nuns is:
  1. Ahimsa (Non-violence)
  2. Satya (truth)
  3. Achaurya or Asteya (non-stealing)
  4. Brahmacharya (Celibacy)
  5. Aparigraha (Non-attachment to materialistic things)
.Common men and women also have the five vows of non-violence, truth, non-stealing, celibacy and non-possession.^ YOU: "Men seem to be able to have X without all the emotional stuff in non-committed relationships, but I argue most women cannot.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Me: "Men seem to be able to have X without all the emotional stuff in non-committed relationships, but I argue most women cannot.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Men seem to be able to have X without all the emotional stuff in non-committed relationships, but I argue most women cannot.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is not possible to observe these vows completely in day-to-day life and therefore followed to a limited extent.^ It appears that, originally, the sacred day of each divinity came round every fifth day, and it is possible that the same sacred day was observed for them all.

^ This part of the poem is therefore a statement of the overall importance of If in the regulation of day-to-day life.

^ The creation of the earth was completed in four days; the fifth day was therefore set apart for the worship of the Deity and for rest.

.As these vows are limited in their scope, they are called ‘Anuvratas’.^ I have always maintained that you cannot call me an agnostic or an atheist - they are limiting 'handles' that just do not fit the reality of what we do not [and cannot?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are called "people who stood up against racism" and these two terms are very different.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some say that these are Buddhist saints, but they seem to be Jaina sanits because they have been described as naked, and they are called by the name Gymnosophists .
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Apart from these, additionally there are seven vows designed to assist the householders in their spiritual journey.^ If after having divined, the ongn determines that the source of disease, illness or affliction is spiritual, then in addition to herbs and medications designed to treat and repair the body, the ongn will also prescribe something for spiritual repair.

^ Is there any life of Christ, apart from these things?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But they don't just use reason and honest debate against these "spiritual atheists", (You actually did for 1 and a half posts there and I was proud of you.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Nonviolence includes vegetarianism. .Jains are expected to be non-violent in thought, word, and deed, both toward humans and toward all other living beings, including their own selves.^ All the while expecting other men to keep it?
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Living at the mercy of the next thought is part of being human.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Realm of Living Beings includes other sentient beings both human and non-human.

.Jain monks and nuns walk barefoot and sweep the ground in front of them to avoid killing insects or other tiny beings.^ On the other hand, those Buddhists who had become monks and nuns undertook the gathering and preservation of their departed master's teachings (the dharma).
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Animals kill other animals without any justice being done.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a start, let's find any historically-verifiable account of any person who was ever killed by a deity or some other supreme being.
  • Religion: The Appendix of Modern Society 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

.Even though all life is considered sacred by the Jains, human life is deemed the highest form of life.^ It has been subjected to all those influences and preferences you have formed over the period of your life.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Even though, as a Buddhist Monk, I have to follow 33,000 rules, I have to come to prove to you that we are all Infinitely FREE!!"
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

^ All are seen as proceeding directly from the command of God, though there is room for humans to argue about the details.

For this reason, it is considered vital never to harm or upset any person.
.For laypersons, brahmacharya means either confining sex to marriage or complete celibacy.^ Sex outside of marriage is a cardinal sin and celibacy has a long history in most religions because most religions are obsessed with the idea of sex.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mahatma Gandhi chose Brahmacharya or celibacy because of his conviction that it was a powerful means to realise God.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.For monks and nuns, it means complete celibacy.^ The rare monk, nun, sannyasi or yogis called to a life of celibacy are not bound by the rules of society because they don’t belong to it.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

While performing holy deeds, Svetambara Jains wear cloths, muhapatti, over their mouths and noses to avoid saliva falling on texts or revered images. It is not the case, as is sometimes believed, that this is to avoid accidentally inhaling insects. Many healthy concepts are entwined. .For example, Jains drink only boiled water.^ And whosoever shall give to drink to one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, amen I say to you, he shall not lose his reward.''
  • Frequently Asked Questions about the Catholic Church 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The logic behind this is that if by drinking such water if a Jain causes harm to any living organisms in the water, the guilt for that rests not on the Jain who drinks it but on the person who first used it for cooking.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Under this obligation they abstain entirely from meat, fruit and wine and may drink only that water which has been used earlier by someone else for cooking.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.In ancient times, a person might get ill by drinking unboiled water, which could prevent equanimity, and illness may engender intolerance.^ These factors may include personal time constraints, level of interest and motivation, emotional and/or physical needs, desires and states...
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such a person might even hole himself up in a cave, or in a monastery, for months or years at a time to facilitate this process.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s pulled the football away from me enough times to make me realize that whatever else I may be, “blockhead” is an apt personal description.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.True spirituality, according to enlightened Jains, starts when one attains Samyak darshana, or true perception.^ No one who is a true Thelemite will ever sell you anything intended to help your spiritual growth!
  • Izabael Muses: Ramblings of a Renegade Djinn (Genie,Djinni,Jinn): Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC izabael.typepad.com [Source type: General]

^ The 'infant life,' newborn into the kingdom of God, starts on the struggle and the experience which will lead him step by step from one initiation to another till he too has attained."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Inclusivist Theology, there are elements in any number of religious practices that are consonant with the one true religion, and if a practitioner of a contrary religion holds fast to those elements in their religion that are correct, they will eventually attain the Ultimate.
  • Hindu Philosophy [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Such souls are on the path to moksha, striving to remain in the nature of the soul.^ Every religion is based on conjectures about the nature of God, soul, morality, salvation, heaven, and such.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.This is characterized by knowing and observing only all worldly affairs, without raag (attachment) and dwesh (repulsion), a state of pure knowledge and bliss.^ And we can know all the reports to be false only if we know already that miracles have never occurred.
  • Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC creation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We need a lot of media coverage to let people know that the spindoctors only represent a small part of the population, and that all the hoopla about religion is just that B.S. .
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ May I preface this message by stating up front that I in no way am suggesting that the God of all creation is an anthropomorphous being, only the wise know that it is not.

.Attachment to worldly life collects new karma, and traps one in birth, death, and suffering.^ This brings the deep incorporation of the concept of Karma in this religion which paves the way for free-willed human actions that can either lead to moksha or to the cycles of birth and death.
  • Hinduism- Hinduism Meaning, Hinduism India, Hinduism Religion,Hinduism Beliefs & Practices. 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.indianexcursion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Furthermore, the divine is visible not only in temple and shrine, bit also in the whole continuum of life – in nature, in people, in birth and growth and death.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

^ "If perfect peace and an end to suffering could be achieved for all mankind but required the torturing to death of just one little child, would you do it?” .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Worldly life has a dual nature (for example, love and hate, suffering and pleasure, etc.^ That nature is love, peace, etc.
  • Does Atheism Make Life Meaningless? | Unreasonable Faith 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC unreasonablefaith.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, a loving relationship, free from the marriage poison, can last a life time, or it can fade away if that is what happens naturally.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe in the intrinsic goodness of mankind and the affirmative nature of life, and in the priceless value of love, charity and faith.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

), for the perception of one state cannot exist without the contrasting perception of the other.
.Jain Dharma shares some beliefs with Hinduism.^ The other fact that some religions existing in India are offspring of the amalgam of beliefs that co-existed under the heading Hinduism.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.Both believe in karma and reincarnation.^ Buddhism believes in reincarnation and karma.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe that all souls reincarnate, evolving through many births until all their karmas have been resolved and moksha, spiritual knowledge and liberation from the cycle of rebirth, is attained.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let us not forget that the Buddha unambiguously (based on the pali canon) believed in the fact of reincarnation and ethicized karma, and that both could be transcended through the meditative rituals that he practiced.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the Jain version of the Ramayana and Mahabharata is different from Hindu beliefs, for example.^ By juxtaposing a few of their major beliefs, we hope to highlight how other major world religions and important modern secular philosophies are similar to and differ from Hinduism.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ 'In Hinduism the doctrine of reincarnation, or transmigration of the souls rests on the general belief that all living things are besouled and that souls become incarnate in a succession of different types of bodies.
  • Hinduism Hindu Religion: Discussion Metaphysics Philosophy of HinduismBeliefs, Hindu Gods 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, though the Jains were the first to split from the Hindu mainstream, nowadays there is observed among the Jains, a sub-conscious tendency to move into Hinduism.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

Generally, Hindus believe that Rama was a reincarnation of God, whereas Jains believe he attained moksha (liberation)
Jain sadhvis meditating
.Along with the Five Vows, Jains avoid harboring ill will and practice forgiveness.^ All Jains take five vows, but it is the monk who practices celibacy and poverty.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.They believe that atma (soul) can lead one to becoming parmatma (liberated soul) and this must come from one's inner self.^ "And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe thee, neither hearken to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the voice of the latter sign."

^ As to self referenced "truths" one must verify them with verifiable facts whereever possible, other self referenced "truths" that impacts it or is impacted by it.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You, being a true believer in darwinism, merely continue to assert that they must be delusions and based only upon my ego.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

.Jains refrain from all violence (Ahimsa) and recommend that sinful activities be avoided.^ The Central Principal of Jivadaya - Respect for all Living Forms The principle that is central to the Jaina religion is that of Jivadaya (Respect for all Living Forms) and Ahimsa (non-violence).
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.Mahatma Gandhi was deeply influenced (particularly through the guidance of Shrimad Rajchandra) by Jain tenets such as peaceful, protective living and honesty, and made them an integral part of his own philosophy.^ In such a case, God, who not only invented them but who lives outside of their influence, can manipulate them.
  • Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC creation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who would want to be part of a political voice, that ridicules anyone who is not fully down with the philosophy of such a miniscule demographic.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Will we never learn enough about our own genetics to engineer perfect human beings who learn to live in a sustainable, peaceful and harmonious way?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[38] Jainism has a distinct idea underlying Tirthankar worship. The physical form is not worshiped, but their Gunas (virtues, qualities) are praised. .Tirthankaras remain role-models, and sects such as the Sthanakavasi stringently reject statue worship.^ Terms such as "sect" are rejected on theological grounds as they tend to reduce the Bahá'í religion to a subset of Islam.
  • Baha'i Faith - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Jain fasting

Fasting is a tool for doing Tapa and to attach to your inner-being. It is a part of Jain festivals. It is three types based on the level of austerity; Uttam, Madhyam and Jaghanya; first being the most stringent:
.1. Uttam: Renounce all worldly things including food & water on the day of fasting and eat only once on the eve & next day of fasting.^ They all gave up their worldly existence by abstaining from food.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If so does that only apply to feeling/experiences with god, or does it extend to all feeling/experiences of things that are not a substance, essence or force?"
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Judeo-Christian, I have contended all along, is the only one that can make sense of why things are the way they are.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

2. Madhyam: water is taken on the day of fast, but not the food.
.3. Jaghanya: Eat only particular time on the day.^ I apologize for the delay, I only have so much time in a day.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I expect to be posting only lightly over the next few days as I take time off to spend with my family.
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

^ We exist not only as particular beings in time but also as universal beings in eternity.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.During fasting a person immerses himself in religious activities (worshiping, serving the saints & be in their proximity, reading scriptures, Tapa, and donate to the right candidates - Supatra).^ The righteous and religious person .
  • Hindu Baby Boy Names - Hindu Boy Name List - Hindu Baby Boys Names Meaning 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC babynames.indobase.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Much stress is placed on the hallowing of daily existence, worship in the synagogue, prayer and reading of the scriptures.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The government continues to deny Iran’s Baha’i community permission to publicly worship or pursue religious activities.

.But before starting the fast Jains take a small vow known as pachkaan.^ All Jains take five vows, but it is the monk who practices celibacy and poverty.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It will take about 70 years before the global population stabilizes, even if we adopt a plan of only 2.1 children per couple starting tomorrow.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A person taking the vow is bound to it and breaking it is considered to be a bad practice.^ All Jains take five vows, but it is the monk who practices celibacy and poverty.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most Jains fast at special times, like during festivals (known as Parva.^ The solution is to remove all energy blockages and implants through techniques like Energy Enhancement which is the most advanced technique in this time period.
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

^ During the reign of Bhima-I, his minister Vimala of the Prgvta family built, at abu the most magnificent Jain temple of dintha.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The time in the Bible predicted by the prophet Jeremiah as the time of "Jacob's trouble" will most likely center on Israel and the Jews.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Paryushana and Ashthanhika
are the main Parvas which occurs 3 times in a year), and on holy days (eighth & fourteenth days of the moon cycle).^ Bahá’í Fast is observed for nineteen days of the year, every year, between the hours of sunrise and sunset—hence the timing of the photographs.

^ In addition, Bahá'ís observe nine Holy Days throughout the year on which work is suspended.
  • Baha'i Faith - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His birthday on the eighth day in the dark fortnight of Sravana, in or around the month of August, is still celebrated with great joy and enthusiasm every year as Janmashtami.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

.Paryushana is the most prominent festival, lasting eight days for Svetambara Jains and ten days for Digambars, during the monsoon.^ Her great festival, Durga Puja or Dussera, lasting for ten days, is an event of great importance.
  • Hindu Wisdom - Symbolism in Hinduism 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.hinduwisdom.info [Source type: Original source]

^ During the last two centuries, prominent archaeologists have unearthed thousands of inscriptions which prove beyond any doubt that the dominant religion of Arabia during Mohammed's day was the cult of the moon-god.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Samara Shh held the ashhnikmahotsava or a festival for eight days at Devapattana and went to Ajr to worship Prvantha.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.The monsoon is considered the best time of fasting due to lenient weather.^ At the same time they assimilated those cultures they conquered as best they could, changing language and attitudes toward what they considered "civilized."
  • Religion: The Appendix of Modern Society 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, a Jain may fast at any time, especially if s/he feels some mistake(negative karma generally known as paap has been committed.^ This may remove some of the magic of the universe, but for many it can create deep feelings of amazement and wonder of the world around us.

^ I probably do have … feelings that may very well be akin to a kind of mystical wonder when we contemplate the stars, when we contemplate the galaxies, when we contemplate life, the sheer expanse of geological time.
  • Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC creation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After some time, the Stpa became barren, and it was known by the name of Kuugevara (God of the Great Forest).
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

Variations in fasts encourage Jains to do whatever they can to maintain self control.
.A unique ritual in this religion involves a holy fasting until death; it is called sallekhana.^ Religions provide rituals and music, ceremonies, times to celebrate, time to fast and mourn, celebrates births and deaths, looks out for the weak, and provides a community that is bound by something higher than their individual selves, with values higher than mere survival of the fittest.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And Hume was afraid to publish his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion for 25 years -- until after his death.

.Through this one achieves a death with dignity and dispassion as well as no more negative karma.^ Want to read or watch something interesting, but don’t want to surf through website after website to find one?Search no longer, dear reader.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ Dec 18th, 2009 at 9:11 am Report comment Well folks, there is no more argument.
  • Copenhagen climate summit: 'most important paper in the world' is a glorified UN press release – Telegraph Blogs 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Thou shouldst also, by careful observation made through the movements of thy spies, protect it in such a way that no one may be able to injure it.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

[39] .When a person is aware of approaching death, and feels that s/he has completed all duties, s/he willingly ceases to eat or drink gradually.^ Richard March 31, 2008 @ 2:11 am I feel sorry for all of you, discussing some person who never existed.
  • Why I Left Judaism | Real Zionist News 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.realjewnews.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Im not personally aware of any person who has spent "years" in absolute social isolation, and I would suspect any who has is likely insane and lost all social functioning" .
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First of all you are personally aware that I have been raising this issue long before the Atheist convention.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.This form of dying is also called Santhara / Samaadhi.^ She died by the Jaina form of renunciation called Sallekhan in 1131 A.D. 447 .
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

It can be as long as 12 years with gradual reduction in food intake. .Considered extremely spiritual and creditable, with all awareness of the transitory nature of human experience, it has recently led to a controversy.^ We are not human beings having a spiritual experience, but spiritual beings having a human experience."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I believe in the one Eternal Source or Ultimate Reality, called by many names, which flows through all forms of nature and can be known through spiritual realization and experience.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As I've said before, and am about to say again, not one single person in all of human history has ever had a spiritual experience -- if "spirit" is taken to mean non-physical.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

In Rajasthan, a lawyer petitioned the High Court of Rajasthan to declare santhara illegal. .Jains see santhara as spiritual detachment, a declaration that a person has finished with this world and now chooses to leave.^ The version of it by Mr. Giles is too condensed:--'Spiritual beings drew their spirituality therefrom, while the universe became what we see it now.'
  • The Texts of Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC terebess.hu [Source type: Original source]

^ Although you have a will, that chooses, it is not a free will (for it will not choose God of its own accord), but a self will, that wills in favor of the world as you see it.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad bin Maslama said, "Now as we have followed him, we do not want to leave him unless and until we see how his end is going to be.

.This choice however requires a great deal of spiritual accomplishment and maturity as a pre-requisite.^ To accomplish great achievements, during this time in history, men and women were gathered together by spiritual concept, or a declaration of the Word of God.

^ A day of reflection and inward thinking makes a great deal of spiritual and pragmatic sense.” .
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

Jain worship and rituals

.Every day most Jains bow and say their universal prayer, the "Namokara Mantra", a.k.a.^ Idowu’s view might be based on the fact that priests and priestesses of Yorb religion say that they worship their divinities lrrn, i.e., "every fifth day".

^ I say the Psalms every day and I’m very conscious of their Hebrew authorship.
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

^ Indeed, in terms of the day-to-day administration of the cosmos, , who functions as the universal policeman, is the most important divinity.

the Navkar Mantra, Parmesthi Mantra, Panch Namaskar Mantra. .Jains have built temples, or Basadi or Derasar, where idols of tirthankaras are revered.^ And although the Sikhs worship no idols their reverence for the Granth and the Golden temple betrays a very similar sentiment.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The later chiefs also built numerous Jain temples and shrines and endowed them suitably with lands and tolls.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the reign of Bhima-I, his minister Vimala of the Prgvta family built, at abu the most magnificent Jain temple of dintha.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Rituals may be elaborate because symbolic objects are offered and Tirthankaras praised in song.^ But I think people want to go through these rituals, ceremonies and symbolic ways of expressing their love because it is something that makes them feel good.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.But some sects refuse to enter temples or revere images.^ Traapantha of Traasvm in Madhya Pradesh, ravaapantha by Kauvaha in Gujrat and these new sects were called Sdhumrgis, and were against image worship and temples.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such was the powerful hold of Jainism that some of the rulers, though not Jainas, constructed Jaina temples and installed images in them.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.All Jains accept that images of Tirthankaras are merely symbolic reminders of their paths to attain moksha.^ I believe that all souls reincarnate, evolving through many births until all their karmas have been resolved and moksha, spiritual knowledge and liberation from the cycle of rebirth, is attained.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps all such paths are merely provisional constructions, skillful means for orienting oneself in a given historical and cultural horizon.

^ Such Jain shrines with images are found at many places all over India, some of these places are Shravanabelagola, Palitana and Sammed Shikhar.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jains are clear that the Jinas reside in moksha and are completely detached from the world.^ The term Jain is derived from the Sanskrit jina, "conqueror," and implies conquest over this bondage imposed by the phenomenal world.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

Jain rituals include:
.Over time, some sections of Jains also pray deities, which are yakshas and yakshinis.^ Some Sects broke off from Hinduism But at times some of the sects withdrew this recognition given to the deities of other sects and acquired an exclusionist character.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

Jain cuisine

Jains practice a unique concept of restricted vegetarianism. They do not consume root vegetables such as potatoes, garlic, onions, carrots, radishes, cassava, sweet potatoes, turnips, etc. .However, they consume rhizomes such as turmeric and ginger.^ However, they disagree on whether any contract should be signed with other groups such as communists or atheists.

^ However, I do not think such a situation will come to pass, for the overwhelming majority of people do not believe what is plausible or what is true; they believe what is comforting or pleasing .

^ They may however accept appointment to nonpolitical positions such as judges, and are encouraged to vote in elections.
  • Baha'i Faith - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The reason behind this restricted diet is that vegetables grown underground or kundmul contain far more bacteria, and thus life, than other vegetables.^ It has not been any more standard than other moralities."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, I have no more reason to believe in your religion than I have to believe in any other.
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It has not been any more standard than other moralities.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Brinjals are also not consumed by some Jains owing to the large number of seeds in the vegetable, as a seed is taken to be a form of life.^ The Jain Agamas teach great reverence for all forms of life, strict codes of vegetarianism, asceticism, nonviolence even in self-defense, and opposition to war.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some numbers from a large survey of Americans' religious attitudes by Gallup and Baylor University (via USA Today ): .

^ A large number of people accepted Jainism, and they formed castes.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Strict Jains do not consume food which has been left overnight, such as yogurt which may have been set overnight, and have their meals before sunset because large amounts of bacteria grow overnight when there is no ultraviolet light from the sun to kill them.^ There isn't one, because there is no such scientific conclusion.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There isn't one, because there is no such scientific conclusion."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Christianity, there is no such compulsion.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

Most Jain recipes substitute potato with Plantain.[40]

History

Swastik4.svg Jainism timeline
Pre-history
Prior to 10th Century BCE The first 22 TīrthaṇkaraṚṣabha to Neminātha.
History
The age of Tīrthaṇkaras
2000–1500 BCE
.Terracotta seals excavated at site suggest links of Jainism with Indus Valley civilization.^ These scholars say that it was the Aryans themselves who founded the Indus (or Saraswati) valley civilization.
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Large populations of Ethiopians known now in India as the Dravidians invaded India between 3250 and 2750 BC and established a civilisation in the Indus Valley.

^ Deciphering of the Indus Valley script as to be, in fact, Sanskrit also supports the point of view that the founders of the Indus - Saraswati - valley civilization were also Sanskrit speakers and hence Aryans (and not pre-Aryans).
  • Hindu Customs in Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism - Socio-cultural Interchange between Religious Communities in India 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.hindubooks.org [Source type: Original source]

Mention of Jain Tīrthaṇkaras in Vedas indicates pre-historic origins of Jainism.
877–777 BCE
The period of Pārśva, the 23rd Tīrthaṇkaras
599–527 BCE
The age of Māhavīra, the 24th Tīrthaṇkaras of Jainism
527 BCE
Nirvāṇa of Māhavīra, Kevala Jñāna of his chief disciple Ganadhara Gautama and origin of Divāli.
Parshvanatha, the twenty-third Tirthankar, is the earliest Jain leader who can be reliably dated. .As noted, however, Jain mythology asserts that the line of Tirthankars began with Rushabhdeva; moreover, Jains themselves tend to believe that Jainism has no single founder, and believe that Jainism is the one of the world's oldest religions, predating Hinduism.^ FOUNDED: Hinduism, the world's oldest religion, has no beginning -- it predates recorded history.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The one world religion is a revival of the Babylonian one world religion.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ FOUNDER: Hinduism has no human founder.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to scholars, Parshvanatha probably lived in the 9th Century BC.[41][42] In the sixth century BC, Vardhamana Mahavira became one of the most influential Jainism teachers.^ Though Vishuvardhana, the most celebrated glorious Hoysla ruler later on became Vaishava, he continued to benevolent and generous even towards Jainism.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From the traditions recorded in the Jaina Nibandhas , we know that Jainism was associated with Saurshra and Avanti in the first century B.C. The great Jaina saints and scholars like Klakchrya, lived and propagated Jainism in this area.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Three to seven centuries after they were supposed to have lived, Han dynasty (around 100 BC) historians identified Laozi and Zhuangzi as Daoists.
  • Taoism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He built up a large group of disciples that learned from his teachings and followed him as he taught an ascetic doctrine in order to achieve enlightenment.^ To help us learn quickly, our brains are wired in childhood to largely believe without question what we are taught.

^ In 1582 A.D., when Akbar heard of the lofty virtues and deep learning, he ordered the Viceroy of Gujarat to request him to visit his court.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How enlightening… Not only do atheists cohabit and break up in very large numbers, they also do not marry in very large numbers .” 142 [all emphasis by Caputo] .
  • Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC creation.com [Source type: Original source]

.The disciples referred to him as Jina, which means "the conqueror" and later his followers would use this title to refer to themselves.^ To impress on a man the urgency of that choice, Kierkegaard wrote, it would be useful to "get him seated on a horse and the horse made to take fright and gallop wildly ...

^ Jesus did warn us that false prophets (Muhammad) with false Gospels (Qur'an) would follow Him, and try to deceive many.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If they do not have their meaning eternally and independent of subjective associations between referents and words, communication would be impossible.
  • Hindu Philosophy [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

[43]
It is generally accepted that Jainism started spreading in south India from the third century BC. i.e. since the time when Badrabahu, a preacher of this religion and the head of the monks' community, came to Karnataka from Bihar.[44]
Kalinga (modern Orissa and Osiaji) was home to many Jains in the past. .Rushabh, the first Tirthankar, was revered and worshipped in the ancient city Pithunda.^ A gunman opened fire on a crowd of worshipers leaving midnight mass in the ancient city of Nag Hammadi.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

This was destroyed by Mahapadma Nanda when he conquered Kalinga and brought the statue of Rushabhanatha to his capital in Magadh. Rushabhanatha is revered as the Kalinga Jina. Ashoka's invasion and his Buddhist policy also subjugated Jains greatly in Kalinga. .However, in the 1st century BC Emperor Kharvela conquered Magadha and brought Rushabhnath's statue back and installed it in Udaygiri, near his capital, Shishupalgadh.^ However, in both our theoretical senses, Daoism could be said to have roots in the anti-Confucian Mozi (5 th Century BC).
  • Taoism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Several African kings ruled ancient Elam (Iran), including King Kudur Nakunta around 2900 BC, who conquered Chaldea and Babylon and took back treasures to Susa, the capital of his empire, including the famous statue of the goddess of Nana.

The Khandagiri and Udaygiri caves near Bhubaneswar are the only surviving stone Jain monuments in Orissa. Earlier buildings were made of wood and were destroyed.
Deciphering of the Brahmi script by James Prinsep in 1788 enabled the reading of ancient inscriptions in India and established the antiquity of Jainism. The discovery of Jain manuscripts has added significantly to retracing Jain history. Archaeologists have encountered Jain remains and artifacts at Maurya, Sunga, Kishan, Gupta, Kalachuries, Rashtrakut, Chalukya, Chandel and Rajput as well as later sites. .Several western and Indian scholars have contributed to the reconstruction of Jain history.^ Jain contributions to Indian culture .
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Several western and Indian scholars have contributed to the reconstruction of Jain history.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jainism - The Jains developed their own legendary history, the Deeds of the 63 Illustrious Men, which Western scholars call the Universal History.

.Western historians like Bühler, Jacobi, and Indian scholars like Iravatham Mahadevan, worked on Tamil Brahmi inscriptions.^ Western scholars are likely to be rather unsettled by what emerges from Viévard’s studies: the realization that compassion is just as important as emptiness in Mahâyâna thought, even in Madhyamaka.

Geographical spread and influence

Jain temple in Ranakpur
.Jainism has been a major cultural, philosophical, social and political force since the dawn of civilization in Asia, and its ancient influence has been noted in other religions, including Buddhism and Hinduism.^ A comparison of Nichiren Buddhism with other religions .

^ A note about practitioners of other religions .

^ At both these places, there are the ruins of both Jaina and Hindu temples which indicate that the followers of Brahmanical religion and Jainism lived in peace and amity in this region.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.This pervasive influence of Jain culture and philosophy in ancient Bihar may have given rise to Buddhism.^ In total, Hindu philosophy has made a sizable contribution to the history of Indian philosophy and its role has been far from static: Hindu philosophy was influenced by Buddhist and Jain philosophies, and in turn Hindu philosophy influenced Buddhist philosophy in India in its later stages.
  • Hindu Philosophy [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ They may shut their eyes to all other systems of philosophy and religion, ancient or modern.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

.The Buddhists have always maintained that during the time of Buddha and Mahavira (who, according to the Pali canon, were contemporaries), Jainism was already an ancient, deeply entrenched faith and culture there.^ There is, of course, a fair amount of Ivanism in contemporary culture, which, shall we say, is considerably more interested in ravishing embraces than in penance.

^ Muhammad was always mixing people together in the Qur'an who did not live at the same time.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even so, the Interior Ministry funds the religious police, who seek out illegal alcohol and ensure shops are shut during mosque time.

.(For connections between Buddhism and Jainism see Buddhism and Jainism).^ Like Jainism and Buddhism earlier on, it tried to relax the rules in Hinduism and end the rivalry between Hinduism and Islam.

^ The rivalry between Jainism and Buddhism was very keen in his time.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As to Tibetan Buddhism and Vajrayana, or the Shingon school of Japan, you can see how the stages connect as well.

.Over several thousand years, Jain influence on Hindu philosophy and religion has been considerable, while Hindu influence on Jain rituals may be observed in certain Jain sects.^ Primus: In which I admit that I’ve been completely wrong for several years about my religion-related analysis of the Harry Potter saga.

^ The religion passed through several phases including Albigensianism as its last relic before resurfacing as Zoroastrianism about 2500 years ago.

^ It is a collection of books written by God through His prophets and through the Apostles of Christ, dating back to several thousand years ago.
  • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

.Certain Vedic Hindu holy books contain beautiful narrations about various Jain Tirthankaras (e.g., Lord Rushabdev).^ Both Muslim holy books (Qur'an/Koran and Hadith) contain commands for Muslims to subjugate the world, militarily.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Theism has lost it's credibility today because it's holy books have been shown to contain falsehoods and science has shown that there is no evidence to support any supernatural claim.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ T his book provides the reader with an extremely valuable insight into what the Islamic holy book, the Quran, teaches about Christianity, violence & the goals of the Islamic jihad.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.There have been no wars fought in the name of Jainism.^ Apart from Him, whom God has made Lord and Christ, there is no other name under heaven given to men, by which we are to be saved.

^ In Prahaldanapura (modern Planapura), there was a Bani named Sajjana who had rendered glorious and meritorious services to Jainism by his pious and meritorious deeds.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no question that our so-called Christian nation, whether explicitly in the name of Christianity or not, has committed the MOST killing among all nations in my lifetime (born in 1957).
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

For instance, the concept of puja is Jain. The Vedic Religion prescribed yajnas and havanas for pleasing the gods. Puja is a specifically Jain concept, arising from the Kannada words, "pu" (flower) and "ja" (offering).[45]
.With 10 to 12 million followers,[46] Jainism is among the smallest of the major world religions, but in India its influence is much greater than these numbers would suggest.^ I think it was Gandhi that said "God has no religion"...and I think that it why a number of us who aren't much enamoured with religion take great delight...
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ The British bishop disputed the commonly cited figure of 6 million Jews killed by the Nazis during World War II, saying the actual number was no more than 300,000, and said none were gassed.
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

^ At both these places, there are the ruins of both Jaina and Hindu temples which indicate that the followers of Brahmanical religion and Jainism lived in peace and amity in this region.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

Jains live throughout India. Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Gujarat have the largest Jain populations among Indian states. Karnataka, Bundelkhand and Madhya Pradesh have relatively large Jain populations. .There is a large following in Punjab, especially in Ludhiana and Patiala, and there used to be many Jains in Lahore (Punjab's historic capital) and other cities before the Partition of 1947, after which many fled to India.^ This method is used in the New Testament when it refers to "the church in Jerusalem" or other cities (Acts 8:1; 11:22; cf.
  • What is Christianity? 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She shared some of her experience and practical lessons in parenting using a language of virtues and it's effectiveness in bringing up children, among many other things.

^ There would be no learnable social formula that could be of any use and no one's having successfully done it could count as “knowing” it in the sense of being reliably able to do it again or in the sense of being able to teach others.
  • Taoism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are many Jain communities in different parts of India and around the world.^ The sexual emancipation will herald a new era in India, where there will be less sexual hypocrisy and any effort on Dr Kakar’s part to reduce hypocrisy must be applauded.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well there are 2 different ideas getting tossed around here that need to be looked at.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a sense among many Muslims that Islamic jurists are out of touch, that their guidance is not adequate to the modern world.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They may speak local languages or follow different rituals but essentially follow the same principles.^ They may speak local languages or follow different rituals but essentially, follow the same principles.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Are the essentials of Christianity the same now as they were then?
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Christianity 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Christianity - Catholic Encyclopedia - Catholic Online 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.catholic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Whereas all others Sunni, Wahabis, Shiite etc, though they may differ from each other never deny basic Islamic laws.

.Outside India, the United States, United Kingdom, Canada and East Africa (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) have large Jain communities.^ A Hadith stating that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) wished for a large Muslim community on judgement day, is foolish, and scholars should help correct such misrepresentations.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Understand that Marcus Garvey's 'Back to Africa' movement didn't means that all Black African people living in the United States should return to Africa.

^ Among 157 Jewish federations in the United States and Canada, the pace of giving is off 13 percent this year, according to a spokesman for United Jewish Communities/Jewish Federations of North America.
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

.The first Jain temple to be built outside India was constructed and consecrated in the 1960s in Mombasa, Kenya, although Jainism in the West mostly came about after the Oshwal and Jain diaspora spread to the West in the late 1970s and 1980s.^ Shu Kuarja was devoted to Jainism, and he built the Jaina temple of Chandraprabha in Gwalior.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Shu Hrlla of Allahabad constructed the Jaina temple at Prabhsa hill, hear Kaumb in 1824 A.D. Seha Mairma built the Jambsvm temple on Chaurs Tl at Mathura.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Chinese pilgrim Yuan Chwang, who came to India in the second quarter of the seventh century A.D., gives an account of Buddhism along with that Jainism.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jainism is presently a strong faith in the United States and several dozen Jain temples have been built there.^ At both these places, there are the ruins of both Jaina and Hindu temples which indicate that the followers of Brahmanical religion and Jainism lived in peace and amity in this region.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Shu Kuarja was devoted to Jainism, and he built the Jaina temple of Chandraprabha in Gwalior.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Delhi Sultanate period, several Jaina temples were built, and numerous images were installed in them.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

American Jainism accommodates all the sects. .Smaller Jain communities exist in Nepal, South Africa, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Fiji, and Suriname.^ ADHERENTS: Nearly one billion, mostly in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Malaysia, Indonesia, Indian Ocean, Africa, Europe and North and South America.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Creation Ministries International in Australia/Canada/NZ/Singapore/South Africa/UK-Europe/USA Creation home .
  • Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC creation.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Belgium the very successful Indian diamond community, almost all of whom are Jain, are also establishing a temple to strengthen Jain values in and across Western Europe.^ The Greek writers supply very valuable information about the Indian philosophers whom Alexander met.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He founded Jaina monasteries even in the non-Aryan countries, and almost all ancient Jaina temples or monuments of unknown origin are ascribed by the popular voice to Samprati.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I have come across several young and not so young couples in the West who take their marriages very seriously and are able to deal with the temptations of the Western society without cheating on their partners.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Denominations

.It is generally believed[citation needed] that the Jain sangha divided into two major sects, Digambar and Svetambar, about 200 years after Mahāvīra's nirvana.^ The dispute has been going on for about two years.

^ I spend about thirty years as a Sant Mat true believer.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was originally begun about 15-20 years after Muhammad died at his wife Ayish's home in Medina, and he was lowered into a hole in the ground, where he remains.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some historians believe there was no clear division until the 5th century.^ There is no reason to "believe" it.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I say that "I believe that there is no God".
  • USS Clueless - Belief in atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC denbeste.nu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is true that I believe there is no God.
  • USS Clueless - Belief in atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC denbeste.nu [Source type: Original source]

.S. Gopalan asserts that, "[i]t seems certain that even at the time of Mahāvīra the two sects were in existence, though he was able to maintain at least a semblance of unity between them.^ Paul and the other epistle writers (including Peter) don't seem to have known any biographical details of Jesus' life, or even the time of his earthly existence.

^ Maintaining pure and perfect harmony and unity between the Word of God and the Words of God is were the Book of Revelation excels above all others.

^ I spoke eight years ago of the urgent need for understanding and tolerance between Islam and the West, which seemed even at that time to be at something of a crossroads in their relations.

The final 'parting of ways' came much later." .[47] According to the Svetambara version of the split between the two sects, the chief Jain monk, Acharya Bhadrabahu, foresaw a 12-year famine and led about 12,000 Digambar followers to southern India[48].^ The dispute has been going on for about two years.

^ FOUNDED: B uddhism began about 2,500 years ago in India.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About two years ago, Nigeria was once again returned to civil democratic rule.

.Twelve years later they returned to found the Svetambara sect, and in 453 the Valabhi council edited and compiled the traditional Svetambara scriptures.^ I talked about PEAR to a friend with a PhD in math and computer science a few years back and he said that if they what they had found was true, he'd have to change his life.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ I only found out that they existed in the last year.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "And when he was twelve years old, they brought him to Jerusalem to the feast; and when the feast was over, they returned."

.With one major exception, the differences between the two sects are minor and relatively obscure.^ That is one of the differences between us.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The differences between the two are enormous as to their validity.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Big difference between the two.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The one major difference between the sects is that Digambars believe that women cannot attain moksha in the same birth, while Svetambars believe that women may attain liberation and that Mallinath, a Tirthankar, was a woman.^ That is one of the differences between us.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If everyone is the same then no one is different.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you want to protect your own right to worship as you believe, then you have to grant others the same right to worship as they see fit, for the very fact that one day the religious principles that your constitution was founded on may be in jeopardy.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.This difference is rooted in the requirement in Digambar asceticism for nudity in order to attain moksha.^ I believe that each man's soul is eternal and individual and that each must conquer himself by his own efforts and subordinate the worldly to the heavenly in order to attain moksha, or release.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Muslims are also required to read the Qur'an in Arabic, in order to attain any graces at all from Allah.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.Digambar Jain monks do not wear clothes because they believe clothes, like other possessions, increase dependency and desire for material things, and desire for anything ultimately leads to sorrow.^ They depend on each other.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They sound like the posts of a believer.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But really, things can't be pinned down, and in actuality that's a good thing: because if things were fixed, then absurdly, they wouldn't be able to change.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Svetambar Jain monks, on the other hand, wear white, seamless clothes for practical reasons, and believe there is nothing in Jain scripture that condemns wearing clothes.^ And it began to be, just by its difference, that the fascination grew, that it had a way of saying to me, there are other ways of seeing and thinking and feeling and believing than you have taken for granted.
  • Christianity | Jewcy.com 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people won't feel insecure around you.
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

^ On the other hand, Christianity would try to eradicate these practices, and because of this, the people were more receptive to Islam, except in some parts of Indonesia.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

Sadhvis (nuns) of both sects wear white. In Sanskrit, ambar refers to a covering generally, or a garment in particular. Dig, an older form of disha, refers to the cardinal directions. .Digambar therefore means "covered by the four directions", or "sky-clad". Svet means white and Svetambars wear white garments.^ The Digambara ("Sky-clad") sect holds that a saint should own nothing, not even clothes, thus their practice of wearing only a loincloth.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ski resort is no longer in sight, and all we can see is a sea of snow covered mountain tops for hundreds of miles in every direction.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For women, this generally means covering the body from neck to ankle, and arms to the wrists, in addition to wearing a head-covering.

.As nudity is impractical for women, it follows that without it they cannot attain moksha.^ Wives cannot work if their husband opposes the place of employment and they cannot travel outside the country without written permission from their husbands.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Surah 4:11 - A woman can only inherit half of what a man can Surah 4:34 - Women cannot serve as imams, but they can't even lead a prayer in front of men.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This means that they cannot logically formulate an argument for the problem of evil without first providing an absolute definition of evil.
  • Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC creation.com [Source type: Original source]

[49] .This is based on the belief that women cannot reach perfect purity (yathakhyata), "Their lack of clothes can, therefore, be a hindrance to their leading a holy life". The earliest record of this belief is contained in the Prakrit Suttapahuda of the Digambara mendicant Kundakunda (c.^ I lack any god-belief, therefore I am an atheist.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Atheism cannot be a belief system because it lacks loci of belief.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Surah 4:11 - A woman can only inherit half of what a man can Surah 4:34 - Women cannot serve as imams, but they can't even lead a prayer in front of men.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

second century A.D. ).[50] This of course has severe consequences for women and effectively polarises the two sects in this regard.
.Digambars believe that Mahavir remained unmarried, whereas Svetambars believe Mahavir did marry a woman who bore him a daughter.^ Do you believe (for example) a man who is madly in love with a woman, a woman whom he has gotten pregnant, a woman who is going to have his child, is going to want her to be promiscuous?
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pope meets, forgives woman who knocked him down .
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The ahhhhh from being a few feet away from a purported God-man erupted only from those who believed in him.
  • Church of the Churchless: Taoism 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC hinessight.blogs.com [Source type: Original source]

The two sects also differ on the origin of Mata Trishala, Mahavira's mother.
.Digambars believe that only the first five lines are formally part of the Namokara Mantra (the main Jain prayer), whereas Svetambaras believe all nine form the mantra.^ Because first of all the author's becoming an author is a testimony of his or her tasting the experience and 'only those who taste, knows'.
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ In the narrower sense, Torah denotes only the Pentateuch , i.e., the first five books of the Old Testament.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Otherwise he would scarcely have argued that 'Christianity is completed Judaism' and deplored the fact that 'millions of Jews should persist in believing only part of their religion'.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

.Other differences are minor and not based on major points of doctrine.^ The point mjf was making was that scientists embracing different theories have never attacked each other because of their differences.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Second point, there are other different scientific theories as to how we got here.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, the particular kind of bureaucratic or one-person-based or clique-based dictatorship of Stalin arose in a quite different material sort of scarcity.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Excavations at Mathura revealed many Jain statues from the Kushana period. .Tirthankaras, represented without clothes, and monks with cloth wrapped around the left arm are identified as Ardhaphalaka and mentioned in some texts.^ Some of the seven monks were the teachers of a few Jaina monks mentioned in the inscriptions.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Maybe I have had to fight irrational, mythical, mystical arguments all my life and to wrap my arms around revelations just might be beyond my ability.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The rabbis mention that there are some who are “precise in their positioning.” That is, they can have sex with a woman without breaking her hymen.
  • Islam | Jewcy.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Yapaniya sect, believed to have originated from the Ardhaphalaka, follows Digambara nudity, along with several Svetambara beliefs.^ In the following analysis, using one of several common religious categorizations, we compare the Eastern religions with the Western ones on many points of belief.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.Svetambaras are further divided into sub-sects, such as Sthanakavasi, Terapanthi and Deravasi.^ That is, although the Yorb divide the person into the body and soul, the soul is made up of various attributes such as: Or, m, and s.

^ SECTS: Christianity is divided into three main sects: Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Protestant.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SECTS: Jews are divided into Orthodox, Conservative and Reform sects, with other regional and ethnic divisions.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some are murtipujak (revering statues) while non-Murtipujak Jains refuse statues or images.^ The Violence of Non-Violence: A Study of Some Jain Responses to Non-Jain Religious Practices.” Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 15, no.

Svetambar follow the 12 agam literature (voice of omniscient).
.Most simply call themselves Jains and follow general traditions rather than specific sectarian practices.^ Followers call themselves Muwahhidun , "unitarians".

^ Most simply call themselves Jains and follow general traditions rather than specific sectarian practices.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As far as the actual practices and teachings of the Falun Gong are concerned, my remarks should be considered preliminary impressions, rather than a definitive analysis.
  • IGCS - Philosophy and Religion (China WWW VL - Internet Guide for Chinese Studies) 19 January 2010 18:22 UTC sun.sino.uni-heidelberg.de [Source type: Academic]

.In 1974 a committee with representatives from every sect compiled a new text called the Samana Suttam.^ Traapantha of Traasvm in Madhya Pradesh, ravaapantha by Kauvaha in Gujrat and these new sects were called Sdhumrgis, and were against image worship and temples.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

Jain symbolism

The swastika is among the holiest of Jain symbols. Worshippers use rice grains to create a swastika around the temple altar.
The holiest symbol is a simple swastika. A Jain swastika is normally associated with the three dots on the top accompanied with a crest and a dot. Another important symbol incorporates a wheel on the palm of a hand, symbolizing Ahimsa. Other major Jain symbols include:
  1. Swastika -Signifies peace and well-being
  2. Shrivatsa -A mark manifested on the centre of the Jina's chest, signifying a pure soul.
  3. Nandyavartya -Large swastika with nine corners
  4. Vardhamanaka -A shallow earthen dish used for lamps, suggests an increase in wealth, fame and merit due to a Jina's grace.
  5. Bhadrasana -Throne, considered auspicious because it is sanctified by the blessed Jina's feet.
  6. Kalasha -Pot filled with pure water signifying wisdom and completeness
  7. Minayugala -A fish couple.^ Thats because everything is inherently connected; our happiness and well being depends on how much we realize and reflect that reality.

    ^ Olmsted argued that a "marriage itself is gravely harmed" when a couple uses birth control and marital infidelity increases.
    • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In Revelation 15:8, this pure and perfect thought energy is described as the Temple being filled with smoke from the glory of God.

    It signifies Cupid's banners coming to worship the Jina after defeating the God of Love
  8. Darpana -The mirror reflects one's true self because of its clarity

Culture

Jain contributions to Indian culture

A Jain temple in Kochi, Kerala, India.
.While Jains represent less than 1% of the Indian population, their contributions to culture and society in India are considerable.^ Less than 1 percent of the population get it.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I would wager no one on this blog is a “sheep” and I will bet dollars for doughnuts most of us would agree more with what Sam Harris represents than less.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is, of course, a fair amount of Ivanism in contemporary culture, which, shall we say, is considerably more interested in ravishing embraces than in penance.

.Jainism had a major influence in developing a system of philosophy and ethics that had a major impact on all aspects of Indian culture in all ages.^ Chinese acupuncture, Indian ayurveda, and the healing aspects of Sufism are all regarded as alternative medicines in the West.

^ A constant dao should apply equally to people of all cultures, times, and levels of social development.
  • Taoism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has been pointed out that certain aspects of Islam — the shari'a in particular — have been politicized under Western influence, and that the extremist brand of Islam that has developed in response to the challenge of Western culture is a significant departure from traditional Islam.

.Scholarly research and evidences have shown that philosophical concepts considered typically Indian – Karma, Ahimsa, Moksa, reincarnation and like - either originate in the sramana school of thought or were propagated and developed by Jaina teachers.^ Daoist philosophers typically express their doubts about first-order human dao (paradigmatically Confucian and Mohist dao ) by considering them in relation to natural dao and/or great dao (the actual dao ).
  • Taoism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Madhyamaka school of Nâgârjuna and his commentators gave stark philosophical expression to this teaching (and influenced, beyond the Buddhist world, the Vedantic conception of non-duality).

^ Sankaracharya It may be safely stated that Sankara’s interpretation of Hinduism is, even today, India’s original and unsurpassed contribution to the philosophical thought of the world.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

[51]
.Jains have also wielded great influence on the culture and language of the south Indian state Karnataka, India and Gujarat most significantly.In the early period and beginning of the medieval period, between the 9th and 13th centuries, kannada writers were predominantly of the Jain and Veerashaiva faiths.^ Jainism received great royal support in the South from the various ruling dynasties of the Deccan during this period.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The undated inscription of Ayyapa is assigned 402 to the early tenth century A.D. It should also be pointed that Mahendra's epigraph of aka 815 begins with an invocation to Jinendra 403 .
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ [As we have learned, it was in the great city of Alexandria, Egypt that many Jews and early Christians came under the influence of Greek philosophy]..."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Religion 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC watch.pair.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jains were the earliest known cultivators of Kannada literature, which they dominated until the 12th century.^ The inscriptions discovered in the Hindu temples show that they were constructed in the 12th and 13th centuries of the Christian era when the Paramras of Dhr were ruling over this area.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From now on, their recovery began and for a century or more they dominated the political stage in Southern India.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The earliest trace of Jainism here is known from the tenth century A.D. Pradyumnasri who was the contemporary of king Allaa of Mewar was honoured in the courts of Sapdalaksha and Tribhuvanagriil 322 .
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Jain authors wrote about Jain Tirthankars and other aspects of the Jain religion.^ A note about practitioners of other religions .

^ Of its eight chapters, one is about the strongly pro-nature face of the Bible, and it briefly mentions other religions and philosophies that stress the great importance of nature.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maurice Maeterlinck, author of the play The Blue Bird, wrote his book The Great Secret about seventy years ago.
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

.Pampa[52] (Kannada: ಪಂಪ, born 902 C.E.), also known as Adikavi Pampa (Kannada: ಆದಿಕವಿ ಪಂಪ), is one of the greatest Kannada poets of all time.^ I had had this shaking experience before with the more advanced level one techniques of the DVD Course but this time all that was required was correct posture.
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

^ The poet Ravikrtti was not only a sincere and dedicated Jaina, but also one of the celebrated men of letters of his time.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "To a Mountain Daisy" and "To a Mouse" are wondrous examples for why Rabbie is right up there with the greatest poets of all time!
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

He was born either in Annigeri or Banavasi, in modern Karnataka state, and was the court poet of Chalukya King Arikesari, a Rashtrakuta feudatory. The works of Jain writers Adikavi Pampa, Sri Ponna and Ranna, collectively called the "three gems of Kannada literature", heralded the age of classical Kannada in the 10th century. .The earliest known Gujarati text, Bharat-Bahubali Ras, was written by a Jain monk.^ The earliest known Gujarati text Bharat-Bahubali Ras, was written by a Jain monk.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Practically all the known texts in the Apabhramsha language are Jain works.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tattvartha Sutra (also known as Tattvarth-adhigama-sutra or Moksh-Shastra) is a Jaina text written by Acharya Umasvati or Umasvami.
  • Jain Books PDF and References - JAINA-JainLink 3 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.jaina.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some important people in Gujarat's Jain history were Acharya Hemacandra Suri and his pupil, the Chalukya ruler Kumarapala.^ Given some six billion on the planet at this moment, that means that over the course of history, probably about 24 billion people have died, total.
  • Religion: The Appendix of Modern Society 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such was the dominance of Jainism that some rulers and most of the people began to observe the doctrine of Ahis.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I guess some people get very concerned about the name issue - and I do think it's an important discussion.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Doorway detail of a Dilwara Temple.
Jains are among the wealthiest Indians. .They run numerous schools, colleges and hospitals and are important patrons of the Somapuras, the traditional temple architects in Gujarat.^ The funny part is, they stole this from the Jewish tradition; oneg is an important part of the Shabbat ritual.
  • Christianity | Jewcy.com 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They patronized the Jaina places of pilgrimage and lavishly donated for the construction of Jaina temples and establishment of Jain monasteries.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

Jains have greatly influenced Gujarati cuisine. Gujarat is predominantly vegetarian (see Jain vegetarianism), and its food is mild as onions and garlic are omitted. .Though the Jains form only 0.42% of the population of India, their contribution to the exchequer by way of income tax is an astounding 24% of the total tax collected.^ Are you saying that destroying the civilian population in muslim countries is the only way to defeat the ideology?"
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If one disbelieves in any form of insight that cannot be captured in clear and distinct expressions, this is the only way of making sense of the rhetoric of ineffability.

^ Are you saying that destroying the civilian population in Muslim countries is the only way to defeat the ideology?"
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[53]
.Jains encourage their monks to do research and obtain higher education.^ In contrast to some religious groups, Jains encourage their monks to do research and go for higher education.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jain monks and nuns, particularly in Rajasthan, have published numerous research monographs.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jain monks and nuns, particularly in Rajasthan, have published numerous research monographs.^ Jain monks and nuns, particularly in Rajasthan, have published numerous research monographs.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Buddhist order of monks and nuns offers points of similarity with Christian monastic systems , particularly the mendicant orders .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Buddhism 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Buddhist order of monks and nuns offers points of similarity with Christian monastic systems, particularly the mendicant orders.
  • http://www.mb-soft.com/believe/txo/buddhism.htm 19 January 2010 8:49 UTC www.mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.This is unique among Indian religious groups and parallels Christian clergy.^ This is unique among Indian religious groups, and parallels Christian clergy.
  • Jainism at AllExperts 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ German Christianity was a divinely sanctioned religious movement which combined Christian doctrine and German character in a unique and desirable manner: True Christianity was German and True German-ness was Christian.
  • Agnosticism / Atheism Sitemap - Page 5 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC spiderbites.about.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That influence developed from a comparatively small group of people, the Hebrews, whose existence would have passed unnoticed were it not for the uniqueness of their religious belief and practice.

.The 2001 census states that Jains are India's most literate community and that India's oldest libraries at Patan and Jaisalmer are preserved by Jain institutions.^ India's leading population expert said that between 1991 and 2001, the Muslim community's growth rate has declined at a greater rate than the Hindus.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My community designated the biggest, most twisted, oldest OAK (Quercus agrifolia) with a plaque which reads: The Bill Denneen Coast Live Oak.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Muslim Pie in India According to the 2001 Census of India, Muslims constitute 13.4% of the country's population.

Jain literature

Sanskrit manuscript about dreams of Mahaviras' mother Trishla
Jains have contributed to India's classical and popular literature. .For example, almost all early Kannada literature and many Tamil works were written by Jains.^ There have been many other examples given on this thread and the Dawkins thread, and you disagree that those examples are real, or are in fact issues at all, and that's your right.
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ It works, and the ramifications around it contain a lot of hidden wisdom (like so many of evolution's creations, there's a logic behind some of the apparent contingency of it all).
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But many real-world examples show us that the more wisely conceived something is, the more accessible it is to the end user, all other factors equal.

.
  • Some of the oldest known books in Hindi and Gujarati were written by Jain scholars.^ Flynn, Daniel J., quoting The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression (published by Harvard University Press, written by eleven scholars).
    • Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC creation.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Read eph1:5, some people are predestined for salvation and have their name written in the magic book (you wonder why he doesn't use a computer) God doesn't need a computer.
    • The real God is HOLY [Archive] - Lebanese Forces Official Forums 20 September 2009 1:46 UTC www.lebanese-forces.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This brief list only includes some of the best known devoutly religious comic book characters.
    • Religion of Comic Book Characters (esp. Super-Heroes) 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: General]

    The first autobiography in Hindi, Ardha-Kathanaka was written by a Jain, Banarasidasa, an ardent follower of Acarya Kundakunda who lived in Agra.
  • Several Tamil classics are written by Jains or with Jain beliefs and values as the core subject.
  • Practically all the known texts in the Apabhramsha language are Jain works.
.The oldest Jain literature is in Shauraseni and Ardha-Magadhi Prakrit (Agamas, Agama-Tulya, Siddhanta texts, etc).^ I believe in the Jain Agamas and Siddhantas as the sacred scriptures that guide man's moral and spiritual life.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MAJOR SCRIPTURES: The Jain Agamas and Siddhantas.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

Many classical texts are in Sanskrit (Tatvartha Sutra, Puranas, Kosh, Sravakacara, mathematics, Nighantus etc). ."Abhidhana Rajendra Kosha" written by Acharya Rajendrasuri, is only one available Jain encyclopedia or Jain dictionary to understand the Jain Prakrit, Sanskrit, and Ardha-Magadhi and other Jain languages, words, their use and references with in oldest Jain literature.^ If you are not please refer to the available literature.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I am using the dictionary definition of that word.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A survey showed that nearly a third of young Brazilians did not use a condom the last time they had sex because one was not available or they could not afford one.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Later Jain literature was written in Apabhramsha (Kahas, rasas, and grammars), Hindi (Chhahadhala, Mokshamarga Prakashaka, and others), Tamil (Jivakacintamani, Valayapathi and others), and Kannada (Vaddaradhane and various other texts).^ Considered as literature, the best scriptures about the gods are clearly those about the gods and goddesses of Ancient Greece, later translated to Rome, and written about by masters from Homer to Ovid.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I also believe in the evolving tradition of Torah and want to help others discover the beauty, and insights contained in our texts, literature, traditions, customs and liturgies.
  • In Good Faith: Judaism - A blog for news and discussion on matters of faith - baltimoresun.com 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC weblogs.baltimoresun.com [Source type: General]

^ But there are many other texts written through history that can claim similar strengths.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Jain versions of Ramayana and Mahabharata are found in Sanskrit, Prakrit, Apabhramsha and Kannada.

Jainism and other religions

Jains are not a part of the Vedic Religion (Hinduism).[54][55][56] .Ancient India had two philosophical streams of thought: The Shramana philosophical schools, represented by Jainism, and the Brahmana/Vedic/Puranic schools represented by Vedanta, Vaishnava and other movements.^ Avatar Incarnation of God in Christianity and Hinduism By Swami Abhedananda Two great religions of the world advocate the belief that God, the supreme Ruler of the universe, incarnates in human form to help mankind- the one is Christianity, the other is the religion of Vedanta (Hinduism), which prevails in India.
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet, broadly speaking, the women’s movement in India, as in several other ‘developing’; countries, remains, to a large extent, elitist.Almost all of its articulate… .
  • Alltop - Top Religion News 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC religion.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ The influence of Jainism is earlier than the infiltration of the Vedic or Brahmanical from the North India.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Both streams are subsets of the Dharmic family of faith and have existed side by side for many thousands of years, influencing each other.^ Jubayr- Ibn Abbas : This world is one of the weeks of the other world- seven thousand years.

^ Aristotle thought so 2300 years ago, and for over 1900 years, his ideas were what was taught about this and many other subjects.

^ We all know that God can not exist for this, as well as many other reasons.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[57]
.The Hindu scholar, Lokmanya Tilak credited Jainism with influencing Hinduism and thus leading to the cessation of animal sacrifice in Vedic rituals.^ The source of the conflict is the animal sacrifices, which form an integral part of some of their rituals.

^ Ritual sacrifice of animals was a extensively practiced in ancient Israel and was only discontinued after the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in the eighth decade A.D. .

^ The influence of Jainism is earlier than the infiltration of the Vedic or Brahmanical from the North India.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Bal Gangadhar Tilak has described Jainism as the originator of Ahimsa and wrote in a letter printed in Bombay Samachar, Mumbai:10 December, 1904: "In ancient times, innumerable animals were butchered in sacrifices.^ We might note here that the Eastern religions described here all originated in India, and that Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism were offshoots of Hinduism.
  • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ritual sacrifice of animals was a extensively practiced in ancient Israel and was only discontinued after the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in the eighth decade A.D. .

^ From the Jaina traditions, it is known that Jainism was prevalent at Mathura, capital of ancient Srasena-Janapada from very early times.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

.Evidence in support of this is found in various poetic compositions such as the Meghaduta.^ Echoes of all these can be found in both texts — often, as we noted, as if the various contributors to the texts were divided on what follows from such a philosophical ascent to meta-critique.
  • Taoism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Swami Vivekananda[58][59] also credited Jainism as influencing force behind the Indian culture.^ The forces that unleash mass carnage may seem more powerful than those behind our first faltering steps toward a culture of reconciliation.

^ During the Tomara period, Jainism became a great cultural and dynamic force.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Contributions Of Jainism To Indian Culture .
  • A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T U  V  W  X  Y  Z 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."What could have saved Indian society from the ponderous burden of omnifarious ritualistic ceremonialism, with its animal and other sacrifices, which all but crushed the very life of it, except the Jain revolution which took its strong stand exclusively on chaste morals and philosophical truths?^ It could be the life of any Indian girl.

^ All other animals do nothing but survive.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Christ Himself is the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father except by Him (John 14:6).

.These [same] ascetic ideas prevailed at that time.^ These images prove that they were consecrated at the same time.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Muhammad thought these all happened at the same time.
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The ideas that you can not prove or disprove god and that there is no evidence for or against god, gets stated 1000's of times on these forums (even by me), but that is very misleading.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.These Jains were the first great ascetics; but they did some great work.^ Jesus said; "If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father."
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First, its important to note that humans concocted all of these qualities of Yahweh, and they have no examples in the real world much like the capabilities of Superman.

^ Did you come up with that idea all by yourself Bernie or is it also "set down" in some great book.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

."Don't injure any and do good to all that you can, and that is all the morality and ethics, and that is all the work there is, and the rest is all nonsense — the Brahmins created that.^ Good for all of you!
  • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ "But you have destroyed all that, and what you have done was good for me.
  • The Kundalini Kriyass of Kriya Yoga!! Energy Enhancement Meditation Course Level 1 14 January 2010 9:19 UTC www.energyenhancement.org [Source type: General]

^ I don’t know how you work that out since I don’t need anyone at all to like what I like, and not like what I don’t like.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

Throw it all away." .And then they went to work and elaborated this one principle all through, and it is a most wonderful ideal: how all that we call ethics they simply bring out from that one great principle of non-injury and doing good."^ They are all just ways of explaining how the universe works.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Doing Good Ideals of Service and Sacrifice Why do we do good work?
  • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

^ One who has principles; Ideal .
  • Hindu Baby Boy Names - Hindu Boy Name List - Hindu Baby Boys Names Meaning 11 January 2010 23:23 UTC babynames.indobase.com [Source type: Original source]

.
  • Relationship between Jainism and Hinduism - According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Article on Hinduism,"...With Jainism which always remained an Indian religion, Hinduism has so much in common, especially in social institutions and ritual life, that nowadays Hindus tend to consider it a Hindu sect.^ At both these places, there are the ruins of both Jaina and Hindu temples which indicate that the followers of Brahmanical religion and Jainism lived in peace and amity in this region.
    • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He achieved so much because he did everything with great passion, and his religious practice to attain God-realisation was definitely the most important part of his life, and he considered his politics only a fruit of his religion.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This explains much in religion from a Darwinian and Dawkinsian perspective, and makes religion much more defensible to those who wish to see human life regulated in visible accord with reason.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    Many Jains also are inclined to fraternization..."[60]
  • .
  • Independent Religion - From the Encyclopædia Britannica Article on Jainism: "...Along with Hinduism and Buddhism, it is one of the three most ancient Indian religious traditions still in existence.^ Oriental view of the universe, which is in fact, the view of the ‘perennial philosophy’, the cosmic vision which is common to all religious tradition from the most primitive tribal religions to the great world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Most monks, of any religion, whether christianity or buddhism, actually live perpetually with other monks.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Alduous Huxley, in his introduction to Christopher Isherwood’s translation of the Bhagavad Gita, wrote that the focus of Indian religion “is also one of the clearest and most comprehensive summaries of the Perennial Philosophy ever to have been made.” He states it in four points.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ...While often employing concepts shared with .Hinduism and Buddhism, the result of a common cultural and linguistic background, the Jain tradition must be regarded as an independent phenomenon.^ The common thread in Christianity/Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism and your writings is the idea of the "I", the immutable, immortal soul or mind that is the core that the "you" is built on.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Any formulation of the Ultimate Truth must be a conventional phenomenon--nominally existent but thoroughly empty of independent existence."
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Whereas by being independent, you do not have to accept any extraneous, peculiar, or cultish organizational culture, just Nichiren Buddhism itself.

    .It is an integral part of South Asian religious belief and practice, but it is not a Hindu sect or Buddhist heresy, as earlier scholars believed."^ It is the final authority for Christians in matters of belief and practice, and though it was written long ago, it continues to speak to believers today.
    • How to Become a Hindu, Chapter 6: Beliefs of All the World's Religions 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.himalayanacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Of course the Believers have the democratic right to assert their religious beliefs.
    • The Tyee — Preaching the Word of Atheism 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC thetyee.ca [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Of course, I'm practicing in the West, but still, I think Buddhists in general view the religious/ceremonial aspects more as symbolic and inspirational and less as absolute and literal.
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
    • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

    [61] The author Koenraad Elst in his book, Who is a Hindu?, summarises on the similarities between Jains and the mainstream Hindu society.
  • Monier Williams, in his article of Jainism, mentions that Jains outdo every other Indian sect in carrying the prohibition of himsa to the most prosperous extremes.[62]

Languages used in Jain literature

.Jain literature exists in[citation needed] Prakrit, Sanskrit, Tamil, Apabhramsha, Rajasthani, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Kutchi, Kannada, Tulu, Telugu, Dhundhari (Old Marwari), English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Urdu and Russian.^ A black virgin and child among the white Germans, Swiss, French and Italians" ( The Anacalypsis , Vol.

^ Includes 8 languages - English, Spanish, Arabic, French, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Mandarin Chinese .
  • True History of Islam, Mohammed and the Koran 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

Constitutional status of Jainism in India

.In 2005 the Supreme Court declined to issue a writ of Mandamus towards granting Jains the status of a religious minority throughout India.^ It has broken lots of myths and pre-conceptions of India's largest religious minority group.

^ For liberal Democrats, no issue facing the Supreme Court rivaled abortion.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Court noted that Jains have been declared a minority in five states already, and left it to the rest of the States to decide on the minority status of Jain religion.[63]
.In 2006 the Supreme Court in a judgment pertaining to a state, opined that "Jain Religion is indisputably not a part of the Hindu Religion". (para 25, Committee of Management Kanya Junior High School Bal Vidya Mandir, Etah, Uttar Pradesh v.^ Several places of Uttar Pradesh were connected with the Jaina religion during this period.
  • CHAPTER - VI 14 January 2010 7:18 UTC www.jainworld.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But claiming that religion, in the form of Christianity through God, is the origin of moral behavior is similar to claiming public high schools are the creators of knowledge, information and wisdom.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: The Problem with Atheism - Sam Harris 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The state requires schools to give only HIV/AIDS education, once in middle school and once in high school.
  • Faith, Religion and Population of WOA!! World Population Awareness 28 January 2010 0:44 UTC www.overpopulation.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Sachiv, U.P. Basic Shiksha Parishad, Allahabad, U.P. and Ors., Per Dalveer Bhandari J., Civil Appeal No. 9595 of 2003, decided On: 21.08.2006, Supreme Court of India)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Buswell, Robert E. "Encyclopedia of Buddhism" (2004) p. 391
  2. ^ Larson, Gerald James (1995) India’s Agony over religion SUNY Press ISBN 079142412X . “There is some evidence that Jain traditions may be even older than the Buddhist traditions, possibly going back to the time of the Indus valley civilization, and that Vardhamana rather than being a “founder” per se was, rather, simply a primary spokesman for much older tradition. Page 27”
  3. ^ Varni, Jinendra; Ed. Prof. Sagarmal Jain, Translated Justice T.K. Tukol and Dr. K.K. Dixit (1993). Samaṇ Suttaṁ. New Delhi: Bhagwan Mahavir memorial Samiti. “The Historians have so far fully recognized the truth that Tirthankara Mahavira was not the founder of the religion. He was preceded by many tirthankaras. He merely reiterated and rejuvenated that religion. It is correct that history has not been able to trace the origin of the Jaina religion; but historical evidence now available and the result of dispassionate researches in literature have established that Jainism is undoubtably an ancient religion.” Pp. xii – xiii of introduction by Justice T.K.Tutkol and Dr. K.K. Dixit.
  4. ^ Edward Craig (1998) Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor & Francis ISBN 0415073103 “One significant difference between Mahavira and Buddha is that Mahavira was not a founder of a new movement, but rather a reformer of the teachings of his predecessor, Parsva.” p. 33
  5. ^ Joel Diederik Beversluis (2000) In: Sourcebook of the World's Religions: An Interfaith Guide to Religion and Spirituality, New World Library : Novato, CA ISBN 1577311213 Originating on the Indian sub-continent, Jainism is one of the oldest religion of its homeland and indeed the world, having pre-historic origins before 3000 BC and the propagation of Indo-Aryan culture…. p. 81
  6. ^ Jainism by Mrs. N.R. Guseva p.44
  7. ^ Indian Census
  8. ^ Estimates for the population of Jains differ from just over four million to twelve million due to difficulties of Jain identity, with Jains in some areas counted as a Hindu sect. Many Jains do not return Jainism as their religion on census forms for various reasons such as certain Jain castes considering themselves both Hindu and Jain. Following a major advertising campaign[citation needed] urging Jains to register as such, the 1981 Census of India returned 3.19 million Jains. This was estimated at the time to be at least half the true number. There are an estimated 25,000 Jains in Europe (mostly in England), 21,000 in Africa, 20,000 plus in North America and 5,000 in the rest of Asia.
  9. ^ Press Information Bureau, Government of India
  10. ^ Census of India 2001
  11. ^ The Jain Knowledge Warehouses: Traditional Libraries in India, John E. Cort, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 115, No. 1 (January - March, 1995), pp. 77–87
  12. ^ . . .from Hindi jaina, from Sanskrit jinah "saint," lit. "overcomer," from base ji "to conquer," related to jayah "victory." etymonline.com entry
  13. ^ Hindi jaina, from Sanskrit jaina-, "relating to the saints", from jinaḥ, "saint, victor", from jayati, "he conquers". dictionary.com entry
  14. ^ a b Jarl Charpentier: The History of the Jains, in: The Cambridge History of India, vol. 1, Cambridge 1922, p. 153; A.M. Ghatage: Jainism, in: The Age of Imperial Unity, ed. R.C. Majumdar/A.D. Pusalkar, Bombay 1951, p. 411-412; Shantaram Bhalchandra Deo: History of Jaina Monachism, Poona 1956, p. 59-60.
  15. ^ a b c Mehta, T.U. "Path of Arhat - A Religious Democracy" (DOC). Pujya Sohanalala Smaraka Parsvanatha Sodhapitha. http://www.ibiblio.org/jainism/database/BOOK/arhat.doc. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  16. ^ Buswell, Robert E. (2004) "Encyclopedia of Buddhism." p. 383
  17. ^ Singh, Ramjee Dr. Jaina Perspective in Philosophy and Religion, Faridabad, Pujya Sohanalala Smaraka Parsvanatha Sodhapitha, 1993.
  18. ^ Tobias, Michael (1991). Life Force. The World of Jainism. Berkeley, California: Asian manush Press. pp. 6–7, 15. ISBN 0-89581-899-X. 
  19. ^ Book: Outlines of Jainism pg. 159, Author: S.Gopalan
  20. ^ Book: Outlines of Jainism pg. 163-164, Author: S.Gopalan
  21. ^ Book: Outlines of Jainism p. 164-165, Author: S.Gopalan
  22. ^ Fisher, Mary Pat and Bailey, Lee W. An Anthology of Living Religions. New Jersey: Pearson Education, 2008.
  23. ^ Kastenbaum, Robert (2003) "Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying " p. 491
  24. ^ Tattvartha Sutra
  25. ^ Jainism: The World of Conquerors By Natubhai Shah Published 1998 Sussex Academic Press
  26. ^ Dulichand Jain (1998) Thus Spake Lord Mahavir, Sri Ramakrishna Math Chennai, ISBN 81-7120-825-8 Page 69
  27. ^ Prof. S.A.Jain. Reality - English Translation of Sarvarthasiddhi by Srimat Pujyapadacharya, 2nd Edition, Chapter 7, Page 195.
  28. ^ Pramodaben Chitrabhanu, Jain symbols, Ceremonies and Practices
  29. ^ South India Handbook: The Travel Guide By Robert Bradnock, 2000 Footprint Travel Guides, p. 543, Vegetarianism: A History By Colin Spencer, 2002 Thunder's Mouth Press, p. 342
  30. ^ "Viren, Jain" (PDF). RE Today. http://www.retoday.org.uk/pdfs/dre/viren.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  31. ^ "At the Root of Root Vegetables" (PDF). Anekant Education Foundation. http://www.anekant.org/pdf/tott_at-the-root-of-root-vegetables.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  32. ^ Singh Ramjee Dr. Jaina Perspective in Philosophy and Religion,Pujya Sohanalala Smaraka Parsvanatha Sodhapitha, Faridabad, 1992
  33. ^ Content Pages of the Encyclopedia of Religion and Social Science
  34. ^ JainNet : Mahaveer Janma Kalyanak
  35. ^ Kuhn, Hermann (2001). In: Karma, The Mechanism : Create Your Own Fate. Nevada: Crosswind Publishing.
  36. ^ Dr. H. V. Glasenapp, Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy, Pg 2
  37. ^ Zydenbos (2006)
  38. ^ [1].
  39. ^ Kastenbaum, Robert. "Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying" (2003) pg. 492
  40. ^ http://www.jainuniversity.org/jainism.aspx
  41. ^ "Parshvanatha". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9058576. Retrieved 2007-10-22. 
  42. ^ Bowker, John (2000). "Parsva". The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t101.e5504. Retrieved 2007-10-22. 
  43. ^ Jerry Bentley and Herbert Ziegler: "Traditions and Encounters", in: "State, Society, and the Quest for SAlvation in India" p187; McGrawHill, 1999
  44. ^ Jainism by Mrs. N.R. Guseva, p.51
  45. ^ Please refer to "Jaya Gommatesh" for more details on this topic.{Patil, Bal. "Jaya Gommatesha". Foreword by Prof. Dr. Colette Caillat.
  46. ^ Basic Faith Group Information
  47. ^ Outlines of Jainism by S.Gopalan, p.22
  48. ^ Outlines of Jainism by S.Gopalan, p.22-23
  49. ^ Anne Vallely; Guardians of the Transcendent: An Ethnography of a Jain Ascetic Community (page 15)
  50. ^ Gender and Salvation: Jaina Debates on the Spiritual Liberation of Women. Padmanabh S. Jaini University of California Press, 1991
  51. ^ Zydenbos, Robert J. (2006)
  52. ^ Pampa
  53. ^ Jains’ contribution to exchequer “astounding”, Online Edition, The Hindu (August 20, 2007). Retrieved on August 29, 2008.
  54. ^ J. L. Jaini, (1916) Jaina Law, Bhadrabahu Samhita, (Text with translation ) Arrah, Central jaina publishing House) " As to Jains being Hindu dissenters, and, therefore governable by Hindu law, we are not told this date of secession [...] Jainism certainly has a longer history than is consistent with its being a creed of dissenters from Hinduism." P.12-13
  55. ^ P.S. Jaini, (1979), The Jaina Path to Purification, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, p. 169 "Jainas themselves have no memory of a time when they fell within the Vedic fold. Any theory that attempts to link the two traditions, moreover fails to appreciate rather distinctive and very non-vedic character of Jaina cosmology, soul theory, karmic doctrine and atheism"
  56. ^ Y. Masih (2000) In : A Comparative Study of Religions, Motilal Banarsidass Publ : Delhi, ISBN 8120808150 “There is no evidence to show that Jainism and Buddhism ever subscribed to vedic sacrifices, vedic deities or caste. They are parallel to native religions of India and have contributed much to the growth of even classical Hinduism of the present times.” Page 18
  57. ^ Harry Oldmeadow (2007) Light from the East: Eastern Wisdom for the Modern West, World Wisdom, Inc ISBN 1933316225 "What is historically known is that there was a tradition along with vedic Hinduism known as sramana dharma. Essentially, the sramana tradition included it its fold, the Jain traditions, which disagreed with the eternality of the Vedas, the needs for ritual sacrifices and the supremacy of the Brahmins". Page 141
  58. ^ Dulichand Jain (1998) Thus Spake Lord Mahavir, Sri Ramakrishna Math Chennai, ISBN 81-7120-825-8 Page 15
  59. ^ Swami Vivekananda (1900) The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda, Volume 3, Buddhistic India] (Lecture delivered at the Shakespeare Club, Pasadena, California, on February 2, 1900)
  60. ^ [2]
  61. ^ Jainism - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  62. ^ Cited in T.G. Kalghati, Jaina View of Life (Sholapur: Jaina Samskriti Samrakshaka Sangha, 1969) p.163
  63. ^ http://judis.nic.in/supremecourt/qrydisp.asp?tfnm=27098
ejainism

Further reading

  • Alsdorf, Ludwig. Jaina Studies: Their Present State and Future Tasks. Eng. tr. Bal Patil. Edited by Willem Bollée. Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 1. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2006.
  • Amiel,Pierre. .Les Jaïns aujourd'hui dans le monde Ed.^ Le probleme des idées dans le monde musulman .

    .L'Harmattan, Paris, 2003 translated in English and printed under the title "Jains today in the world" by Parshwanath Vidyapeeth, Varanasi,India, 2008
  • Amiel,Pierre.^ Sankaracharya It may be safely stated that Sankara’s interpretation of Hinduism is, even today, India’s original and unsurpassed contribution to the philosophical thought of the world.
    • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Midrash Tanhuma-Yelammedenu: An English Translation of Genesis and Exodus from the Printed Version of Tanhuma-Yelammedenu.
    • Judaism Reading List: Introduction and General (Pt. I) 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    B.A.-BA du Jaïnisme Editions Pardès,Grez sur Loing,2008
  • Balbir, Nalini (Ed.) Catalogue of the Jain Manuscripts of the British Library. Set of 3 books. London: Institute of Jainology, 2006.
  • Bollée, Willem. The Story of Paesi Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 2. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2005.
  • Bollée, Willem. Vyavahara Bhasya Pithika. Prakrit text with English translation, annotations and exhaustive Index by Willem Bollée. Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 4. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2006.
  • Caillat, Colette "La cosmologie jaïna" Ed. du Chêne, Paris 1981.
  • Chand, Bool. ."Mahavira-Le Grand héros des Jaïns" Maisonneuve et Larose, Paris 1998.
  • Hynson, Colin.^ Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 1984.

    ^ "Les Droits de lhomme et lIslam."

    ^ Paris: Hachette, 1987 [ Le Livre de Poche, no.

    Discover Jainism. Ed. Mehool Sanghrajka. London: Institute of Jainology, 2007.
  • Jain, DuliChand. English version of "Baghawan Mahavir ki Vani" - Thus Spake Lord Mahavir. .Chennai, Sri Ramakrishna Math, 1998.
  • Jain, Duli Chandra (Ed.^ The Teachings of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa Excerpts from 'God Lived With Them' by Swami Chetanananda, Belur Math .
    • http://www.hinduism.co.za 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hinduism.co.za [Source type: Original source]

    ) Studies in Jainism. Set of 3 books. New York: Jain Stucy Circle, 2004.
  • Jalaj, Jaykumar. The Basic Thought of Bhagavan Mahavir. Ed. Elinor Velázquez. (5th edition) Jaipur: Prakrit Bharati Academy, 2007.
  • Joindu. Paramatmaprakasha. Apabhramsha text with Hindi tr. by Jaykumar Jalaj. Ed. Manish Modi. Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 9. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2007.
  • Joindu. Yogasara. Apabhramsha text with Hindi tr. by Jaykumar Jalaj. Ed. Satyanarayana Hegde. Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 10. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2008.
  • Kapashi, Vinod. Nava Smarana: Nine Sacred Recitations of Jainism. Ed. Signe Kirde. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2007.
  • Kundakunda. Atthapahuda Prakrit text with Hindi tr. by Jaykumar Jalaj. Ed. Manish Modi. .Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 6. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2006.
  • Mardia, K.V. The Scientific Foundations of Jainism. Motilal Banarsidass, New Delhi, latest edition 2007. ISBN 81-208-0659-x (Jain Dharma ki Vigyanik Adharshila.^ Journal of the Gandhi Peace Foundation , 221223 Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, New Delhi 110 002, INDIA. ( (9111)323-7491.

    ^ New Delhi: Gandhi Peace Foundation, 1994 [ reprint of a special issue of Gandhi Marg #14 / 1 (AprilJune 1992) on Nonviolence ].

    ^ Delhi; Motilal Banarsidass.

    Parsvanath Vidhyapitha, Varanasi. .2004. ISBN 81-86715-71-1).
  • Mehta, T.U. Path of Arhat - A Religious Democracy, Volume 63, Faridabad: Pujya Sohanalala Smaraka Parsvanatha Sodhapitha, 1993.
  • Nagendra Kr Singh, Indo-European Jain Research Foundation, Encyclopaedia of Jainism ISBN 8126106913, ISBN 9788126106912
  • Natubhai Shah, Jainism: The World of Conquerors, Published by Sussex Academic Press, 1998, ISBN 1898723974, ISBN 9781898723974
  • Patil, Bal.^ One such European-American researcher and writer was Gerald Massey, Volume 1 of 'The Natural Genesis: A Book of the Beginnings (1883).

    ^ Behrman House is the leading publisher of Judaica and educational materials for Jewish religious schools in North America and in English-speaking countries around the world.
    • Judaism Reading List: Introduction and General (Pt. I) 28 January 2010 0:12 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1998 [ the status, roles, and contributions of Muslim women in various parts of the Islamic world ].

    Jaya Gommatesha. Foreword by Colette Caillat. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2006.
  • Prabhacandra. Tattvarthasutra. Sanskrit text with Hindi tr. by Jaykumar Jalaj. Preface by Nalini Balbir. Ed. Manish Modi. Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 7. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2008.
  • Pujyapada. Samadhitantra. Sanskrit text with Hindi tr. by Jaykumar Jalaj. Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 5. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2006.
  • Pujyapada. Istopadesha. Sanskrit text with Hindi tr. by Jaykumar Jalaj. Ed. Manish Modi. Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 14. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2007.
  • Rankin, Aidan. 'The Jain Path: Ancient Wisdom for the West.' Winchester/Washington DC: O Books, 2006.
  • Reymond Jean-Pierre "L'Inde des Jaïns" Ed. Atlas 1991.
  • Roy, Ashim Kumar. .A history of the Jains, New Delhi: Gitanjali Publishing House, 1984.
  • Samantabhadra.^ Bombay & New York: Asia Publishing House, 1962 [ vols.12 of his Quran commentary ].

    ^ New Delhi, India: Sterling Publishers Private Limited, 1990.

    ^ New Delhi: International Islamic Publishers, 1992 [ sketchy and naively idealistic ].

    Ratnakaranda Sravakacara. Sanskrit text with Hindi tr. by Jaykumar Jalaj. Preface by Paul Dundas. Pandit Nathuram Premi Research Series Volume 3. Mumbai: Hindi Granth Karyalay, 2006.
  • Sangave Vilas. .'Le Jaïnisme-Philosophie et Religion de l'Inde" Editions Trédaniel Paris 1999.
  • Todarmal.^ Les religions et la guerre .

    ^ Les Musulmans face aux droits de lhomme: Religion et droit et politique .

    ^ "Les Droits de lhomme et lIslam."

    Moksamarga Prakashaka. Jaipur: Todarmal Smarak Trust, 1992.
  • Vijayashri. Sachitra Pacchis Bol. Agra: Mahasati Kaushalya Devi Prakashan Trust, 2005.

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Proper noun

Singular
Jainism
Plural
-
Jainism
  1. A religion and philosophy, originating in India, with a focus on nonviolence and personal effort to progress the soul towards divine consciousness.

Translations


Simple English

Jainism is an ancient religion of India that teaches non-violence towards all living beings. Its philosophy and practice rely mainly on self-effort in progressing the soul on the spiritual ladder to divine consciousness. Any soul which has conquered its own inner enemies and achieved the state of supreme being is called jina which means conqueror or victor.

Jainism is also called Shraman (self-reliant) Dharma or the religion of Nirgantha (who does not have attachments and aversions) by ancient texts. It is refered to in Hindi जैनधर्म (Jain Dharma), and in Tamil சமணம்(Samanam).
Jainism was revived by a lineage of 24 enlightened ascetic leaders called tirthankaras[1] culminating with Parshva (9th century BC) and Mahavira (6th century BC).[2][3][4][5][6] In the modern world, it is a small but influential religious group with about 4.2 million followers in India,[7] and successful growing immigrant communities in North America, Western Europe, the Far East, Australia and elsewhere.[8]

Jains successfully sustained this ancient religion to this era and have significantly influenced and contributed to ethical, political and economic spheres in India. Jains have an ancient tradition of scholarship and have the highest degree of literacy in India;[9][10] Jain libraries are the oldest in the country.[11] Tamil Jains and Tulu Jains who are native to their region residing in places of TamilNadu and Karnataka early since 1st century BC. Even though South Indian Jains are distinguishable in some of their routines and practices from North Indian Jains, the core philosophies and belief systems are the same for both cultures.

=Main points

=

  • Every living being has a soul.[12]
  • Every soul is potentially divine, with innate qualities of infinite knowledge, perception, power, and bliss (masked by its karmas).
  • Therefore, Jainists think of every living being as themselves, harming no one and be kind to all living beings.
  • Every soul is born as a celestial, human, sub-human or hellish being according to its own karmas.
  • Every soul is the architect of its own life, here or hereafter.[13]
  • When a soul is freed from karmas, it becomes free and attains divine consciousness, experiencing infinite knowledge, perception, power, and bliss.[14]
  • Right View, Right Knowledge and Right Conduct (triple gems of Jainism) provide the way to this realization.[15] There is no supreme divine creator, owner, preserver or destroyer. The universe is self-regulated and every soul has the potential to achieve divine consciousness (siddha) through its own efforts.
  • Navakar Mantra is the fundamental prayer in Jainism and can be recited at any time of the day. Praying by reciting this mantra, the devotee bows with respect to liberated souls still in human form (Arihantas), fully liberated souls (Siddhas), spiritual leaders (Acharyas), teachers (Upadyayas) and all the monks. By saluting them, Jains receive inspiration from them to follow their path to achieve true bliss and total freedom from the karmas binding their souls. In this main prayer, Jains do not ask for any favours or material benefits. This mantra serves as a simple gesture of deep respect towards beings who are more spiritually advanced. The mantra also reminds followers of the ultimate goal, nirvana or moksha.[16]
  • Non-violence (to be in soul consciousness rather than body consciousness) is the foundation of right view, the condition of right Knowledge and the kernel of right Conduct. It leads to a state of being unattached to worldly things and being nonjudgmental and non-violent; this includes compassion and forgiveness in thoughts, words and actions toward all living beings and respecting views of others (non-absolutism).
  • Jainism stresses on the importance of controlling the senses including the mind, as they can drag one far away from true nature of the soul.
  • Limit possessions and lead a pure life that is useful to yourself and others. Owning an object by itself is not possessiveness; however attachment to an object is.[17] Non-possessiveness is the balancing of needs and desires while staying detached from our possessions.
  • Enjoy the company of the holy and better qualified, be merciful to those afflicted souls and tolerate the perversely inclined.[18]
  • Four things are difficult for a soul to attain: 1. human birth, 2. knowledge of the laws governing the souls, 3. absolute conviction in the philosophy of non-violence and 4. practicing it in every day life activities.
  • It is important not to waste human life in evil ways. Rather, strive to rise on the ladder of spiritual evolution.
  • The goal of Jainism is liberation of the soul from the negative effects of unenlightened thoughts, speech and action. This goal is achieved through clearance of karmic obstructions by following the triple gems of Jainism.
  • Jains mainly worship idols of Jinas, Arihants and Tirthankars, who have conquered the inner passions and attained divine consciousness. Jainism acknowledges the existence of powerful heavenly souls (Yaksha and Yakshini) that look after the well beings of Thirthankarars. Usually, they are found in pair around the idols of Jinas as male (yaksha) and female (yakshini) guardian deities. Even though they have supernatural powers, they are also wandering through the cycles of births and deaths just like most other souls. Over time, people started worshiping these deities as well.[19]

Notes

  1. Buswell, Robert E. "Encyclopedia of Buddhism" (2004) p. 391
  2. Larson, Gerald James (1995) India’s Agony over religion SUNY Press ISBN 079142412X . “There is some evidence that Jain traditions may be even older than the Buddhist traditions, possibly going back to the time of the Indus valley civilization, and that Vardhamana rather than being a “founder” per se was, rather, simply a primary spokesman for much older tradition. Page 27”
  3. Varni, Jinendra; Ed. Prof. Sagarmal Jain, Translated Justice T.K. Tukol and Dr. K.K. Dixit (1993). Samaṇ Suttaṁ. New Delhi: Bhagwan Mahavir memorial Samiti. “The Historians have so far fully recognized the truth that Tirthankara Mahavira was not the founder of the religion. He was preceded by many tirthankaras. He merely reiterated and rejuvenated that religion. It is correct that history has not been able to trace the origin of the Jaina religion; but historical evidence now available and the result of dispassionate researches in literature have established that Jainism is undoubtably an ancient religion.” Pp. xii – xiii of introduction by Justice T.K.Tutkol and Dr. K.K. Dixit.
  4. Edward Craig (1998) Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Taylor & Francis ISBN 0415073103 “One significant difference between Mahavira and Buddha is that Mahavira was not a founder of a new movement, but rather a reformer of the teachings of his predecessor, Parsva.” p. 33
  5. Joel Diederik Beversluis (2000) In: Sourcebook of the World's Religions: An Interfaith Guide to Religion and Spirituality, New World Library : Novato, CA ISBN 1577311213 Originating on the Indian sub-continent, Jainism is one of the oldest religion of its homeland and indeed the world, having pre-historic origins before 3000 BC and the propagation of Indo-Aryan culture…. p. 81
  6. Jainism by Mrs. N.R. Guseva p.44
  7. Indian Census
  8. Estimates for the population of Jains differ from just over four million to twelve million due to difficulties of Jain identity, with Jains in some areas counted as a Hindu sect. Many Jains do not return Jainism as their religion on census forms for various reasons such as certain Jain castes considering themselves both Hindu and Jain. The 1981 Census of India returned 3.19 million Jains. This was estimated at the time to be at least half the true number. There are an estimated 25,000 Jains in Europe (mostly in England), 21,000 in Africa, 20,000 plus in North America and 5,000 in the rest of Asia.
  9. Press Information Bureau, Government of India
  10. Census of India 2001
  11. The Jain Knowledge Warehouses: Traditional Libraries in India, John E. Cort, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 115, No. 1 (January - March, 1995), pp. 77–87
  12. Mehta, T.U. "Path of Arhat - A Religious Democracy" (DOC). Pujya Sohanalala Smaraka Parsvanatha Sodhapitha. http://www.ibiblio.org/jainism/database/BOOK/arhat.doc. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  13. Fisher, Mary Pat and Bailey, Lee W. An Anthology of Living Religions. New Jersey: Pearson Education, 2008.
  14. Kastenbaum, Robert (2003) "Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying " p. 491
  15. "INTRODUCTION TO TATTVARTHA-SUTRA". http://www.jainworld.com/education/seniors/senles23.htm. 
  16. Jainism: The World of Conquerors By Natubhai Shah Published 1998 Sussex Academic Press
  17. Dulichand Jain (1998) Thus Spake Lord Mahavir, Sri Ramakrishna Math Chennai, ISBN 81-7120-825-8 Page 69
  18. Prof. S.A.Jain. Reality - English Translation of Sarvarthasiddhi by Srimat Pujyapadacharya, 2nd Edition, Chapter 7, Page 195.
  19. Pramodaben Chitrabhanu, Jain symbols, Ceremonies and Practices



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Up to date as of December 19, 2010

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