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The flag of the Army of Mohammed.

Jaish-e-Mohammed (Urdu: جيش محمد, literally The Army of Mohammad, transliterated as Jaish-e-Muhammed, Jaish-e-Mohammad or Jaish-e-Muhammad, often abbreviated as JeM) is a major Islamic mujahedeen organization based in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.[1] The group's primary motive is to separate Kashmir from India and it has carried out several attacks primarily in Indian-administered Kashmir.[2][3] It has been banned in Pakistan since 2002, yet continues to operate several facilities in Bahawalpur, Punjab.[4]

Jaish-e-Mohammed is viewed by some as the "deadliest" and "the principal terrorist organization in Jammu and Kashmir".[1] The group is regarded as a terrorist organization by several countries, including India, United States[1] and United Kingdom.

Contents

History

Jaish-e-Mohammed was formed in the mid 1990's in Pakistan after supporters of Maulana Masood Azhar split from Harkat-ul-Mujahideen.[1]

Notable Incidents

  • The group, in coordination with Lashkar-e-Tayiba, has been implicated in the 2001 Indian Parliament attack in New Delhi.[1]
  • It as been suspected in the murder of American journalist Daniel Pearl in Karachi.[2][4]
  • An informant, posing as a member of Jaish-e-Mohammed, helped police to arrest four people allegedly plotting to bomb a New York City synagogue as well as to shoot Stinger missiles at military aircraft in the United States. The arrest of the four took place in May 2009. One of the four, by the name of James Cromitie, allegedly expressed the desire to join Jaish-e-Mohammed. This expression allegedly took place approximately a year prior to this arrest.[5][6][7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Cronin, Audrey Kurth; Huda Aden, Adam Frost, and Benjamin Jones (2004-02-06). "Foreign Terrorist Organizations". CRS Report for Congress (Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service): 40-43. http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL32223.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-02.  
  2. ^ a b "Jaish-e-Mohammad: A profile", BBC News, 2002-02-06, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1804228.stm, retrieved 2009-12-02  
  3. ^ Attack May Spoil Kashmir Summit
  4. ^ a b Terror group builds big base under Pakistani officials' noses, Saeed Shah, McClatchy Newspapers, 13 Sep 2009
  5. ^ http://www.newsday.com/news/printedition/longisland/ny-nybomb2212791308may21,0,141551.story
  6. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSN20523965
  7. ^ http://english.aljazeera.net/news/americas/2009/05/200952144536467973.html

External links

See also

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