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Jajpur
Jajpur
Location of Jajpur
in Orissa and India
Coordinates 20°51′N 86°20′E / 20.85°N 86.33°E / 20.85; 86.33
Country  India
State Orissa
District(s) Jajpur
Population 32,209 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

8 m (26 ft)

Jajapur (also known as Jajpur) is a city and a municipality in Jajpur district in the Indian state of Orissa. It is popularly known as Biraja Khetra, which translates as "the place sacred to Goddess Biraja", and is located on the banks of the Baitarani River. It was the capital of Orissa during the Kesari dynasty, later supplanted by Cuttack. Now, it is the headquarters of Jajpur district.

Contents

Geography

Jajapur is located at 20°51′N 86°20′E / 20.85°N 86.33°E / 20.85; 86.33[1]. It has an average elevation of 8 m (26 ft).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[2], Jajapur had a population of 32,209. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jajapur has an average literacy rate of 75%, greater than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 90%. In Jajapur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Places of interest

A historic site for pilgrimages, it has shrines dedicated to Biraja, Sveta Varha and Sapta Matruka among others, and at one time was intended to be the home of Lord Jagannath. It is also believed to have once been the capital of the Kalinga empire. Jajpur also has an ancient pillar of Ashokan times called the Shubha Stambha.

Economy

There are about 10 steel plants in the vicinity of Jajpur. Kalinganagar, where a large number of mineral based industries are coming up, is slated to be one of the major industrial hub in India. However the issues relating to rehabilitation and displacement have been the main bottleneck in the industrial advancement of the region, one of the richest mineral belts of the country.

Politics

Current MLA from Jajapur Assembly Constituency is Pranab Prakash Das of BJD, who won the seat in State elections of 2009. Previous MLAs from this seat were Parameswar Sethi who wpn this seat in 2004 and Suryamani Jena who won this seat in 2000 representing BJD and also in 1995 representing JD, Jagannath Mallik who won this seat representing JD in 1990 and also in 1985 and in 1977 representing JNP, and Niranjan Jena of INC(I) in 1980.[3]

Jajapur is part of Jajpur (Lok Sabha constituency).[4]

References

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

JAJPUR, or Jajpore, a town of British India, in Cuttack district, Bengal, situated on the right bank of the Baitarani river. Pop. (1901), 12,111. It was the capital of Orissa under the Kesari dynasty until the 11th century, when it was superseded by Cuttack. In Jajpur are numerous ruins of temples, sculptures, &c., and a large and beautiful sun pillar.


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