Jalal-Abad Province: Wikis

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Coordinates: 41°15′N 72°15′E / 41.25°N 72.25°E / 41.25; 72.25

Jalal-Abad Province
Жалалабат областы
KyrgyzstanJalal-Abad.png
Country Kyrgyzstan
Capital Jalal-Abad
Area 33,700 km2 (13,012 sq mi)
Population 994,000 (2009)
Density 29.5 /km2 (76 /sq mi)
Governor Zhusupbek Sharipov
ISO 3166-2 KG-J
Tash Komur, Jalal Abad Province, seen from Crocodile Mountain

Jalal-Abad Province, also known as Jalalabat (Kyrgyz: Жалалабат областы), is a province (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is the city of the same name, Jalal-Abad. It is surrounded by (clockwise from the north) Talas Province, Chui Province, Naryn Province, Osh Province and Uzbekistan. The Jalal-Abad Province was established on November 21, 1939. On January 27, 1959 it became a part of Osh Province, and on December 14, 1990 it obtained a status of province back. Jalal-Abad Province consist of 8 districts, and includes 5 towns, 8 urba-type settlements, and 415 villages [1]

Contents

Geography

Jalalabad oblast covers 33,647 square kilometers (12,991.2 sq mi) square kilometers (16.9% of total country's area) in central-western Kyrgyzstan.

The southern edge of the province is part of the Ferghana Valley. The rest of the province is mountainous. M41, the main north-south highway from Bishkek to Osh, takes a very crooked route down the center of the province. Another road follows the south border almost to the western tip and then turns northeast up the Chatkal valley to Kyzyl-Adyr in Talas Province. Another road (closed in winter and requiring a jeep from the Ferghana range to Kazarman) goes east to Kazarman and Naryn.

The area has several mountain lakes, walnut forests, and mineral waters. It has also the world's largest natural growing walnut forest, called Arslanbob, about 40 kilometers (25 mi) north of Jalal-Abad city. An integral part of the country's power system is Toktogul hydroelectric power station, which supplies electricity and water to both Kyrgyzstan and neighboring countries.

Economy

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Basic Socio-Economic Indicators

  • Population: 994,000 (assessment for 1 January 2009)[2]
  • Employed population: 390,700 (2008) [3]
  • Registered Unemployed Population: 18707 (2008)[4]
  • Export: 87,1 million US dollars (2008)[5]
  • Import: 111,5 million US dollars (2008) [6]
  • Direct Foreign Investments (2008): 16,8 million US dollars[7]

Economy

Wheat, fruit, vegetables, maize, nuts, tobacco, and silk-worm cocoons are grown in the region. The province also has a few textile plants and hydroelectric stations. Minerals, natural gas, coal, metals, and oil can be found here, notably around the town of Kochkor-Ata, which is home to small scale oil industry. Most of the extraction of minerals, natural gas, coal, metals, and oil of the Soviet era has ceased.

Livestock market in Kyzyl-Jar, Jalal-Abad Province

A pearl of the region is the Sary-Chelek Nature Reserve with Lake Sary-Chelek, surrounded by wild fruit orchards and snow-covered peaks.

A few Soviet-era resorts offer mineral water treatment programs for people with various chronic diseases. A number of companies have succeeded in trading bottled mineral water around the country and abroad.

Except for the small fringes of the Fergana Valley, Jalal-Abad Province is a land of mountains. There are unlimited trekking possibilities in the area, but the lack of infrastructure, except at Arslanbob, poses problems to visitors; a biodiversity conservation program supported by the government and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is working to protect these natural resources and promote soft tourism.

Districts of Jalal-Abad

Jalal-Abad is divided administratively into 8 districts (southern districts numbered from east to west): [8]:

District Capital Location
Suzak District Suzak south1
Bazar-Korgon District Bazar-Korgon south2
Nooken District Massy south3
Aksy District Kerben south4
Ala-Buka District Ala-Buka south5
Chatkal District Kanysh-Kyya west
Toktogul District Toktogul north
Toguz-Toro District Kazarman east

Demographic

References

External links


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