Jalalabad: Wikis


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جلال آباد
Street scene in Jalalabad
Jalalabad is located in Afghanistan
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 34°31′N 70°31′E / 34.517°N 70.517°E / 34.517; 70.517
Country Afghanistan
Province Nangarhar Province
Elevation 1,814 ft (553 m)
Population (2007)
 - Total 205,423
Time zone UTC+4:30
History of Afghanistan
Emblem of Afghanistan
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Jalalabad (Dari Persian and Pashto: جلال آباد Jalālābād - formerly known as Jalālkot[3] - Pashto: جلالکوټ) is a city in eastern Afghanistan. Located at the junction of the Kabul and Kunar rivers near the Laghman valley, Jalalabad is the capital of Nangarhar province. It is linked by approximately 95 miles (153 km) of highway with Kabul to the west. Jalalabad is the largest city in eastern Afghanistan as well as its social and business center of activity. Major industries include papermaking, as well agricultural products including oranges, rice, and sugarcane. Jalalabad is one of the leading trading centers with Pakistan.[4]

Because of the many traffic accidents, the road between Jalalabad and Kabul is considered to be also one of the most dangerous in the world [5] [6].



In 630 Xuan Zang, the famous Chinese Buddhist monk, visited Jalalabad. The city was a major center of Gandhara's Greco-Buddhist culture in the past until it was conquered by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century. However, not everyone converted to Islam at that period as some still refused to accept it. In a book called Hudud-al-Alam, written in 982 CE, it mentions a village near Jalalabad where the local king used to have many Hindu, Muslim and Afghan wives.[7]

It became part of the Turkish Ghaznavid Empire in the 10th century, during the Indian invasions by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. The modern city gained prominence during the reign of the Mughal emperor, Babur. The founder of the Mughal empire of India, Babur, had chosen the site for this city and the city was built by his grandson Jalal-uddin Mohammad Akbar in 1570. The original name of Jalalabad was Adinapur as also mentioned here:

'In the following year 1505, Babar meditated an incursion into India and proceeded by Jalalabad (then called Adinapur) and the Khaibar Pass to Peshawar [8]

British troops were besieged by Akbar Khan in the city in 1842 in the Battle of Jellalabad during the First Anglo-Afghan War. In 1878, the British again passed through Jalalabad during the Second Anglo-Afghan War.

During the 1980s and early 1990s, the city served as a strategic location for the pro-Soviet government of Afghanistan. It fell to the Taliban in mid 1990s when they were on their way to capture Kabul.

Today the city is being rebuilt under NATO and UN direction after decades of war and has been receiving an influx of returning refugees largely from Pakistan. The city is considered one of the most important cities of the Pashtun culture. The Military of Afghanistan is in control of security while the United States Military also has a heavy presence. There are a number of US military bases, with the one stationed at Jalalabad Airport being the largest.

Historical buildings and monuments

Seraj-ul-Emarat, the residence of Amir Habibullah and King Amanullah was destroyed in 1929; the other sanctuaries however, retain vestiges of the past. The mausoleum of both rulers is enclosed by a garden facing Seraj-ul-Emart.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (Bacha Khan), a Pashtun leader, is buried in the city of Jalalabad.


The population of the city is mostly Pashtun people, at 90%. Pashais are 7%. The remaining 3% are Tajiks and Gujjars (Sikhs/Hindus).[1] Pashto is the main language of the city and is also used throughout the province. Persian and Urdu are used as second languages due to the influence of the nearby people.

Modern development

There has been proposals for the establishment of Afghanistan's first rail network linking Jalalabad with Pakistan's vast and extensive rail service allowing for increased trade of goods, people and commerce between the two countries. An improvement in the road networks between the Jalalabad leading into Peshawar has also been proposed, with the intention of widening the existing road and improving security to attract more tourism and allow for safer passage of goods between to the two countries.

The international community has re-surfaced the road link between Jalalabad and the capital Kabul reducing the transit time between these two important cities.

See also


  1. ^ a b http://www.mrrd.gov.af/nabdp/Provincial%20Profiles/Nangarhar%20PDP%20Provincial%20profile.pdf
  2. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica (Online Edition) – Jalālābād...Link
  4. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/299643/Jalalabad
  5. ^ "The Most Dangerous Road?"
  6. ^ "On Afghan Road, Scenes of Beauty and Death"
  7. ^ Willem Vogelsang, The Afghans, Edition: illustrated Published by Wiley-Blackwell, 2002, Page 18, ISBN 0-631-19841-5, 9780631198413 (LINK)
  8. ^ Gazetteer of the Peshawar District 1897-98 Page 55

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel


Jalalabad (Pashto: جلال آباد) is a city in eastern Afghanistan, with a population of nearly 900,000 people. It is the capital of Nangarhar province, located next to the Kabul and Kunar rivers, a short distance from the Khyber Pass. It is linked by approximately 90-miles highway with Kabul to the west and about the same distance with Peshawar in Pakistan to the east.

Get in

Jalalabad is on the major highway that links Kabul to Pakistan. A lot of trucks use this route to supply Kabul with food and other products. The main highway was reconstructed in 2006, which is the busiest in Afghanistan. A bus service between Jalalabad and Peshawar is available everyday.

It is theoretically possible to get to Jalalabdad from Kabul in 1 hour 45 minutes. Many Afghans lose their lives trying this.

  • The large reservoir near Sarobi. This is located on the way to Kabul.
  • Hada' Museum' related to before islam period. This museum is located to the south of Jalalabad city.
  • Palace (Shahi Qasar) was used by the former king Zahir Shah as kingdom palace during winter.
  • shahi (qasar).  edit
  • Afghanistan International Bank (AIB) [1] has a branch in Jalalabad.
  • Kabul Bank [2] opening a branch soon.
  • Azizi Bank [3] opening a branch soon.
  • Western Union [4] has several offices in Jalalabad.


The government hotel 'Spingar' is on the eastern side of the city is basic. There are other guest houses which may be better.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also jalalabad


Wikipedia has an article on:


Proper noun


  1. A city in eastern Afghanistan.


Simple English

Jalalabad Pashto (جلال اباد) is a city in easternAfghanistan. Jalalabad is the capital of Nangarhar province, it is linked by about 90 miles (140 km) of road with Kabul to the west. It is also about the same distance to Peshawar in Pakistan to the east.

The people of Jalalabad are most ethnic Pashtun a few Dari-speaking Tajikslive there too. Sunni Islam is the main religion of the people. [[File:|thumb|Kabul River running through the city.]]



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