James Bond novels: Wikis

  
  

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For a topical guide to this subject, see Outline of James Bond.

From 1953 to the present day (2008), dozens of novels and a number of short stories have been published chronicling the adventures of a British secret agent James Bond, often referred to by his code name, 007. The character was created by Ian Fleming, first appearing in his novel Casino Royale (1953).

Following Fleming's 1964 death and the posthumous publication of some remnant works by him over the next few years, others were commissioned to write continuation novels. These post-Fleming novels were issued sporadically in the late 1960s and '70s, then regularly between 1981 and 2002, at which point the series was put on hiatus. Two spinoff series of books, Young Bond and The Moneypenny Diaries, were published after this point, but in the spring of 2008 the original James Bond novel series returned with the publication of a new work by Sebastian Faulks.

Contents

Ian Fleming's Bond novels and short stories

The books

Overview

In January, 1952, Ian Fleming began work on his first James Bond novel. At the time, Fleming was the Foreign Manager for Kemsley Newspapers, an organisation owned by The Sunday Times. Upon accepting the job, Fleming requested that he be allowed two months vacation per year. Every year thereafter, until his death in 1964, Fleming would retreat for the first two months of the year to his Jamaican estate, Goldeneye, to write a James Bond book.

Between 1953 and 1966, twelve James Bond novels and two short story collections by Fleming were published, including one novel and one collection issued posthumously. (It is still argued whether Fleming himself actually finished 1965's The Man with the Golden Gun, as he died very soon after it is known to have been completed.)

List of books, by publication sequence

Book[1] Genre Earliest publication Present-day English-language publisher
Casino Royale Novel London: Jonathan Cape, April 13, 1953 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
Live and Let Die Novel Jonathan Cape, April 5, 1954 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
Moonraker Novel Jonathan Cape, April 7, 1955 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
Diamonds Are Forever Novel Jonathan Cape, March 26, 1956 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
From Russia with Love Novel Jonathan Cape, April 8, 1957 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
Dr. No Novel Jonathan Cape, March 31, 1958 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
Goldfinger Novel Jonathan Cape, March 23, 1959 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
For Your Eyes Only Story collection Jonathan Cape, April 11, 1960 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
Thunderball Novel Jonathan Cape, March 27, 1961 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
The Spy Who Loved Me Novel Jonathan Cape, April 16, 1962 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
On Her Majesty's Secret Service Novel Jonathan Cape, April 1, 1963 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
You Only Live Twice Novel Jonathan Cape, March 16, 1964 Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
The Man with the Golden Gun Novel Jonathan Cape, April 1, 1965 (posthumous) Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints
Octopussy and The Living Daylights Story collection Jonathan Cape, 1966 (posthumous) Penguin Group; e.g. its Classics and U.S. imprints

The short stories

Overview

Having already embarked on a commercially and critically successful series of Bond novels, Fleming by the late 1950s began occasionally to sell Bond short stories to high-profile periodicals.

His first collection of stories, For Your Eyes Only, arose from teleplays he had written for a CBS television series under development based on the Bond character. When that project fell through, Fleming reworked them into the short stories 'Risico', 'For Your Eyes Only', and 'From a View to a Kill'. This collection was rounded out with two more pieces—'Quantum of Solace' and 'The Hildebrand Rarity'—which earlier Fleming had sold to magazines.

A posthumously issued second anthology, Octopussy and The Living Daylights (in some editions titled merely Octopussy), originally contained only the two title stories. Two other stories previously published in periodicals were incorporated into later editions: 'The Property of a Lady' beginning with the 1967 mass market paperback edition; and '007 in New York'[2] beginning with a 2002 trade paperback.

In 2008, all the Bond stories were published together for the first time in a single volume, Quantum of Solace: The complete James Bond short stories, which was simply a back-to-back compilation of the two previous Bond story collections. The title of this omnibus collection was timed for the release, later that same year, of the Bond film Quantum of Solace, which had been named for one of the stories (though the film's plot was unrelated to that story).

List of individual stories, by publication sequence

Short story Earliest publication
'Quantum of Solace' Cosmopolitan (magazine), May, 1959
'The Hildebrand Rarity' Playboy (magazine), March, 1960
'From a View to a Kill' For Your Eyes Only (story collection), Jonathan Cape, April 11, 1960
'For Your Eyes Only' Ibid.
'Risico' Ibid.
'The Living Daylights' The Sunday Times (newspaper), February 4, 1962
'The Property of a Lady' The Ivory Hammer (Sotheby's annual), 1963
'Agent 007 in New York' [3] New York Herald Tribune (newspaper), October, 1963
'Octopussy' Posthumously serialised in Playboy, March and April, 1966

List of story collections, by publication sequence

Story collection Earliest publication Contents (as editorially sequenced)
For Your Eyes Only Jonathan Cape, April 11, 1960 Five stories: 'From a View to a Kill'; 'For Your Eyes Only'; 'Quantum of Solace'; 'Risico'; 'The Hildebrand Rarity'
Octopussy and The Living Daylights Jonathan Cape, June 23, 1966 (posthumous) Originally two, and later three and then four, stories: 'Octopussy' (in original edition); 'The Property of a Lady' (added, 1967); 'The Living Daylights' (in original edition); '007 in New York' (added, 2002)
Quantum of Solace Penguin Group, May 29, 2008 (posthumous) Compilation of both previous collections, containing all nine stories: 'From a View to a Kill'; 'For Your Eyes Only'; 'Quantum of Solace'; 'Risico'; 'The Hildebrand Rarity'; 'Octopussy'; 'The Property of a Lady'; 'The Living Daylights'; '007 in New York'

Chronologising the fiction to Bond's life

Overview

John Griswold, an independent scholar, has attempted to construct a chronological sequencing of Fleming's Bond fiction according to the logic of depicted events and actual time periods referenced therein.[4] Griswold calls this a 'high level chronology after impacts by sequence of books published', distinguishing it from the order in which these works were written, published, or—within each short story collection—arranged.[5] He also deliberately discounts the chronological significance of actual historic events mentioned in the novels and stories, arguing that Fleming made such references for effect without bothering to synchronise them accurately to his fiction.[6]

There are some distinct differences between Griswold's chronology from the publishing history of this material. One is that the stories are sequenced much differently from how they are arranged within each of the two story collections. Another is that a considerable time gap—between the fifth and sixth chapters of On Her Majesty's Secret Service—is now partially bridged by one of the stories and part of one of the other novels.

Chronology

John Griswold's chronological sequence of James Bond's fictional career[7]:

Post-Fleming James Bond novels

Following Fleming's death in 1964, Glidrose Productions, publishers of the James Bond novels, planned a new book series, credited to the pseudonym "Robert Markham" and written by a rotating series of authors. After James Leasor declined an offer to write the first continuation novel[2], the copyright holders commissioned Kingsley Amis. Using the Robert Markham pseudonym, Amis published only one Bond novel, 1968's Colonel Sun. Amis had previously written two books on the world of James Bond, the 1964 essay The James Bond Dossier and the tongue-in-cheek 1965 release The Book of Bond, or Every Man His Own 007 (written under the pseudonym "Lt.-Col. William ("Bill") Tanner", a recurring character in the Bond novels. Numerous sources have debunked rumours that Amis was the ghost writer of The Man with the Golden Gun. See The Man with the Golden Gun.)

In 1973, Fleming biographer John Pearson wrote a fictional biography of the fictional character James Bond. Pearson wrote James Bond: The Authorised Biography of 007 in the first person as if meeting the secret agent himself. The book was well-received by aficionados—readers and viewers, alike. Since the book has many discrepancies with Fleming's Bond (for example his birth year), the canonical status of James Bond: The Authorised Biography of 007 is debated among fans—some don't consider it part of the official series, though at least one publisher, Pan Books, issued it as an official novel along with the rest of Fleming's series for its first paperback edition. Prior to writing this, Pearson had written an early biography of Ian Fleming, The Life of Ian Fleming.

In 1977, the film The Spy Who Loved Me was released and was subsequently novelised and published by Glidrose due to the radical difference between the script and Fleming's novel of the same name. This would happen again with 1979's Moonraker. Both novelisations were written by screenwriter Christopher Wood and were the first official novelisations, although technically, Fleming's Thunderball was a novelisation having been based on scripts by himself, Kevin McClory, and Jack Whittingham (although it predated the movie), and the For Your Eyes Only collection was also, for the most part, based upon unproduced scripts.

In the 1980s, the series was finally revived with new novels by John Gardner; between 1981 and 1996, he wrote fourteen James Bond novels and two screenplay novelisations, surpassing Fleming's original output. The biggest change in Gardner's series was updating 007's world to the 1980s; however, it would keep the characters the same age as they were in Fleming's novels. Generally Gardner's series is considered a success although their canonical status is disputed.

In 1996, Gardner retired from writing James Bond books due to ill health, and American Raymond Benson quickly replaced him. As a James Bond novelist, Benson was initially controversial for being American, and for ignoring much of the continuity established by Gardner. Benson had previously written The James Bond Bedside Companion, a book dedicated to Ian Fleming, the official novels, and the films. The book was initially released in 1984 and later updated in 1988. Benson also contributed to the creation of several modules in the popular James Bond 007 role-playing game in the 1980s. Benson wrote six James Bond novels, three novelisations, and three short stories.

Benson's three short stories remain uncollected, unlike previous short stories from Ian Fleming, although it was announced in early 2008 that "Blast From the Past", augmented by material edited out before its initial publication, would be included as a bonus feature in an upcoming omnibus collection of several of Benson's Bond novels.[9] Benson also wrote a fourth short story entitled "The Heart of Erzulie" that was rejected for publication.

Benson abruptly resigned as Bond novelist at the end of 2002 to write original, non-Bond works of his own. At the same time, Ian Fleming Publications planned to focus on reissuing Fleming's original novels for the 50th anniversary of the character and re-examine its publishing strategy. The year 2003 marked the first year since 1985 that a new James Bond novel had not been published.

Glidrose twice approached Lee Child, author of the Jack Reacher novels.[10] Initially they wanted him to continue the series, and then asked him to write the centenary novel.[3]

Young Bond

In April 2004, Ian Fleming Publications (Glidrose) announced a new series of James Bond books. Instead of continuing from where Raymond Benson ended in 2002, the new series featured James Bond as a thirteen-year-old boy attending Eton College. Written by Charlie Higson the series aligns faithfully with the adult Bond's back-story established by Fleming in Bond's obituary in You Only Live Twice. The first novel, SilverFin, was released to good reviews in 2005 and became an international bestseller. The second novel, Blood Fever, released in 2006, did even better, topping the children's best-selling list in the UK and holding the spot for eleven weeks. The following books, Double or Die, Hurricane Gold, and By Royal Command all proved to be bestsellers. While the series was planned as a five book set (ending with Bond's expulsion from Eton), Charlie Higson has stated that, because of the success of the series, he will most likely be writing more Young Bond novels in the future.[11]

The first Young Bond novel, SilverFin, was released as a graphic novel on October 2, 2008. The book was written by Charlie Higson and illustrated by renowned comic book artist artist Kev Walker.[12] A Young Bond companion book, Danger Society: The Young Bond Dossier will be released in October 2009 and will include a new Young Bond short story, called "A Hard Man to Kill" by Charlie Higson.[13]

The Moneypenny Diaries

The Moneypenny Diaries is a trilogy of novels chronicling the life of Miss Moneypenny, M's personal secretary. The novels are penned by Samantha Weinberg under the pseudonym Kate Westbrook, who is depicted as the book's "editor". The first installment of the trilogy, subtitled Guardian Angel, was released on October 10, 2005 in the UK. A second volume, subtitled Secret Servant was released on November 2, 2006 in the UK [4]. A third volume, subtitled Final Fling was release on July 10, 2008.

Weinberg is the first woman to write officially licenced Bond-related literature, although Johanna Harwood had previously co-written the screenplay for Dr. No and had adapted From Russia with Love for the screen.

The novels had originally been touted as the secret journal of a "real" Miss Moneypenny and that James Bond was a possible pseudonym for a genuine intelligence officer, an idea shared by John Pearson's earlier biography, James Bond: The Authorised Biography of 007. The publisher, John Murray, admitted on August 28, 2005 that the books were a spoof after an investigation by The Sunday Times of London. Ian Fleming Publications, who had previously refused to comment as to whether the book was authorised, officially confirmed the book was and always had been a project by them on the day of the book's publication.

In addition to the novels, Weinberg also wrote two short stories that were published in 2006. The first, "For Your Eyes Only, James" describes a weekend Bond and Moneypenny spend in Royale-les-Eaux in 1956. The story appeared in the November 2006 issue of Tatler magazine [5]. The second "Moneypenny's First Date With Bond" tells the tale of Bond and Moneypenny's first meeting. The story appeared in the November 11, 2006 issue of The Spectator.

Devil May Care

Ian Fleming Publications announced that a new James Bond novel would be published in May 2008 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Ian Fleming's birth. Initially, IFP kept the identity of the author secret, but in July 2007 it was announced that the centenary novel would be Devil May Care by Sebastian Faulks. It was published on May 28, 2008, on what would have been Ian Fleming's 100th birthday.[14]

The existence of the continuation novels published between 1968 and 2002 (not counting the related Young Bond and Moneypenny Diaries series) was underplayed in the announcement of Faulks' book, which was promoted as a direct continuation of Fleming's canon. As such, many media reports (such as, for example, the one posted by AOL Entertainment [15]) made no reference to the work of Amis through Benson, stating outright that Devil May Care is the first new Bond novel since the 1960s. A similar error occurred in an Associated Press report on 8 January 2008 that stated only 13 post-Fleming novels had been published prior to Devil May Care.[16]

Devil May Care is the first release of a new imprint of Penguin Books called Penguin 007, which will also reprint the original Fleming novels. It has yet to be announced whether any further new adult James Bond novels will be commissioned; at the official release launch of Devil May Care, Faulks stated that he had no plans to write more Bond novels.

Other Bond-related fiction

In 1967, Glidrose authorised publication of 003½: The Adventures of James Bond Junior written under the pseudonym R. D. Mascott. The book was written for young-adult readers, and chronicles the adventures of 007's nephew (despite the inaccurate title). To this day the real author of the novel has never been acknowledged or confirmed by the Ian Fleming Estate. According to the reference work The Bond Files by Andy Lane and Paul Simpson, there are claims that Mascott was really Arthur Calder-Marshall, but Lane and Simpson indicate no definitive proof has yet been uncovered.

In 1991 an animated television series, James Bond Jr, ran for 65 episodes. The series chronicled the adventures of James Bond's nephew, James Bond Jr. The use of "Jr." in the character's name was unusual in that this naming convention is generally reserved for sons as opposed to nephews and other indirect offspring. Alternatively, it has been proposed that Fleming's James Bond had a brother, also named James Bond, who is the father of James Bond Jr. The series was mildly successful and spawned six novelisations published in 1992 by John Peel writing as John Vincent, a 12 issue comic book series by Marvel Comics published in 1992, as well as a video game developed by Eurocom for the NES and the SNES in 1991.

Russians were often the villains in Fleming's Cold War-era novels in at least some form. In 1968, they hit back with a spy novel of their own called Avakoum Zahov versus 07 by Andrei Guliashki, in which a communist hero finally and forcefully defeats 007.

In addition to numerous fan fiction pieces written since the character was created, there have been two stories written by well-known authors claiming to have been contracted by Glidrose. The first in 1966, was Per Fine Ounce by Geoffrey Jenkins, a friend of Ian Fleming who claimed to have developed with Fleming a diamond-smuggling storyline similar to Diamonds Are Forever as early as the 1950s. According to the book The Bond Files by Andy Lane and Paul Simpson, soon after Ian Fleming died, Glidrose Productions commissioned Jenkins to write a James Bond novel. The novel was never published. Some sources have suggested that Jenkins novel was to be published under the Markham pseudonym. The second story, 1985's The Killing Zone by Jim Hatfield goes so far as to have been privately published as well as claim on the cover that it was published by Glidrose; however it is highly unlikely that Glidrose contacted Hatfield to write a novel since at the time John Gardner was the official author. The text of The Killing Zone is available on the Internet and can be found here.

In 1997, the British publisher B.T. Batsford produced Your Deal, Mr. Bond, a collection of bridge-related short stories by Phillip King and Robert King. The title story features James Bond, M, and other characters and features an epic bridge game between Bond and the villain, Saladin. No credit is given to Ian Fleming Publications, suggesting this rare story may have been unauthorised; a photo of Sean Connery as Bond is featured on the cover of the book.

In Clive Cussler's novel, Night Probe!, there is a character named Brian Shaw, whom the hero, Dirk Pitt suspects to be James Bond. Brian Shaw's choice of pistol, a .25 calibre, echoes that of James Bond's preference for the .25 calibre Beretta. Shaw's old office was located in Regent Park, and he was supposed to have been on SMERSH's hit list.

Lance Parkin's Doctor Who novel Trading Futures features a Bond-like character named Jonah Cosgrove, described by the author thus: "Cosgrove is (and I mean 'is' here in the very precise, non-trademark violating, sense of the word) the Sean Connery Bond, but one who never retired and who's been a secret agent for fifty years. So he's about eighty, and all the time he's just been piling on more muscles and getting more wrinkled, and ever more set in his ways and bitter and anachronistic. He's Sean Connery in The Rock, as drawn by Frank Miller, and by now he's been promoted to M."

Robert Sheckley's 1965 novel The Game of X is about a bumbling man who pretends he is a spy and is chased by villains who believe that he is a real secret agent. In one scene, he is rescued from the villains by a real secret agent who is not named but seems to be James Bond.

References

  1. ^ Over the years, a variety of these books have been reprinted together in omnibuses. Examples currently in print include this, this and this. Such omnibuses are omitted from this list.
  2. ^ In the only known manuscript of this story by Fleming, it was titled 'Reflections in a Carey Cadillac'. It has not been established what role editors may have played in making this title change. Janson-Smith, Peter, in the foreword to '007 in New York', in Fleming, Ian, Octopussy and The Living Daylights, London: Penguin Books, 2004 (ISBN 0142003298), p. 111.
  3. ^ Retitled in subsequent reprints as "007 in New York".
  4. ^ Griswold, John, Ian Fleming's James Bond: Annotations and Chronologies for Fleming's Bond Stories, Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2005 (ISBN 1418478288), pp. 2–11; revised, 2006 (ISBN 1425931006), pp. 2–13.
  5. ^ Griswold, 2005, op. cit., p.2.
  6. ^ Ibid., pp. 2–6.
  7. ^ Ibid., p. 11.
  8. ^ James Bond is entirely absent from chapters 1–9 of The Spy Who Loved Me, the events of which extend back some years, overlapping in time with much of the earlier Bond fiction. Bond does not appear until chapter 10, whereupon and thereafter he figures as a central character. Ibid., pp. 350–52.
  9. ^ The Literary 007: Bonding in 2008 - Jan. 1, 2008, retrieved Jan. 6, 2008.
  10. ^ [1]Q&A with Author Lee Child, Time Magazine, June 11th, 2007
  11. ^ "Interview: Charlie in Command". The Young Bond Dossier. http://youngbonddossier.com/Young_Bond/Interview.html. Retrieved September 4, 2008.  
  12. ^ "SilverFin The Graphic Novel released in UK". The Young Bond Dossier. http://youngbonddossier.com/Young_Bond/Danger_Society_News/Entries/2008/10/2_SILVERFIN_THE_GRAPHIC_NOVEL_OUT_TODAY.html. Retrieved October 2, 2008.  
  13. ^ "Young Bond companion book in November". The Young Bond Dossier. http://youngbonddossier.com/Young_Bond/Danger_Society_News/Entries/2009/4/16_YOUNG_BOND_COMPANION_BOOK_IN_NOVEMBER.html. Retrieved April 16, 2009.  
  14. ^ "Faulks pens new James Bond novel". BBC News. 2007-07-11. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6289186.stm.  
  15. ^ "Novelist pens new 007 adventure". AOL Entertainment. 2007-07-11. http://entertainment.aol.co.uk/bigstoryents/novelist-pens-new-007-adventure/article/20070711055709990001.  
  16. ^ "Why 007 is 'The Spy Who Licked Me'". AP/CNN.com. 2008-01-08. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/01/08/bond.stamps.ap/index.html.  

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