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James Brown

James Brown performing in 2001
Background information
Birth name James Joseph Brown[1]
Born May 3, 1933(1933-05-03)
Barnwell, South Carolina, U.S.
Origin Augusta, Georgia, United States
Died December 25, 2006 (aged 73)
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.[2][3]
Genres R&B, funk, soul
Occupations Entertainer, musician, songwriter, dancer, bandleader, record producer
Instruments Vocal, guitar, harmonica, bass, keyboards, drums, percussion instruments
Years active 1956–2006
Labels Federal, King, Try Me, Smash, People, Polydor, Scotti Bros., Dade Records
Associated acts The Famous Flames, The J.B.'s, The Soul Generals
.James Brown (born James Joseph Brown, Jr.) (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer and entertainer.^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

^ I lost my little baby boy [Stephen Abbott Brown, born August 22, 1851, and died December 22, 1853].

.Referred to as "The Godfather of Soul", Brown is recognized as one of the most influential figures in the 20th century popular music and was renowned for his vocals and feverish dancing.^ Legal problems in the late 80's & 90's may have tarnished his reputation somewhat, but Brown's popularity and influence continued into the 21st Century.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ James Brown, known variously as The Godfather of Soul, The Minister of the New New Super Heavy Funk, The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, Soul Brother Number One, and Mr. Dynamite, is widely acknowledged as one of the most important and influential figures in popular music in the 20th Century.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Biography [ show full bio ] James Brown, known variously as The Godfather of Soul, The Minister of the New New Super Heavy Funk, The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, Soul Brother Number One, and Mr. Dynamite, is widely acknowledged as one of the most important and influential figures in popular music in the 20th Century.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

He was also called "the hardest working man in show business".
As a prolific singer, songwriter, dancer and bandleader, Brown was a pivotal force in the music industry. He left his mark on numerous artists. .Brown's music also left its mark on the rhythms of African popular music, such as afrobeat, jùjú and mbalax,[4] and provided a template for go-go music.^ Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music rym find go!
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

[5]
.Brown began his professional music career in 1956 and rose to fame during the late 1950s and early 1960s on the strength of his thrilling live performances and string of smash hits.^ The art of optimistic music - Selenaru_Negrea in General Let's Break Down the myth that the late 50's, early 60's were musically worthless, shall we?
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

In spite of various personal problems and setbacks he continued to score hits in every decade through the 1980s. .In addition to his acclaim in music, Brown was also a presence in American political affairs during the 1960s and 1970s.^ Aside from being a major contributor to the creation of the entire funk music genre, Brown was a successful businessman and an inspirational figure in the American civil rights movement.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

Brown was recognized by numerous titles, including Soul Brother Number One, Sex Machine, Mr. Dynamite, The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, The King of Funk, Minister of The New New Super Heavy Funk, Mr. Please Please Please Please Her, I Feel Good, and foremost The Godfather of Soul. .In the song "Sweet Soul Music" by Arthur Conley, he is described as the King of Soul.^ Sweet Soul Music (Volume 1) (CD) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Sweet Soul Music (Volume 1) (CD, Comp) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Early life

.James Brown was born to Susie (née Behlings) and Joseph ("Joe") James Gardner (who changed his name to Brown after Mattie Brown who raised him)[6] in the small town of Barnwell, South Carolina in the Jim Crow South during the Depression era.^ Born in Barnwell, South Carolina, in the woods a few miles from the Georgia state line, James Joseph Brown Jr was shunted off to live in a brothel in Augusta, Georgia, after his parents had separated.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Daniel Brown, born 7 December 1832, at Flat Creek Swamp, Davidson County, North Carolina.

^ Esther Jones Roper Brown was married to James but had not married him in polygamy.

.Although Brown was to be named after his father, his name was mistakenly reversed on his birth certificate, and instead became James Joseph Brown, Jr.[1] As a young child, Brown was called Junior.^ Born in Barnwell, South Carolina, in the woods a few miles from the Georgia state line, James Joseph Brown Jr was shunted off to live in a brothel in Augusta, Georgia, after his parents had separated.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

When he later lived with his aunt and cousin, he was called Little Junior since his cousin's nickname was also Junior.[1] James Brown is of Native American, specifically Apache, descent through his father, and also of African American and Asian ancestry.[7][8]
Brown and his family lived in extreme poverty.[9] .When Brown was two years old, his parents separated after his mother left his father for another man.^ In two years another girl was born, but died at birth.

^ Sarah was not too happy living in polygamy, so after a few years she left Captain James Brown and later married Ithamar Sprague, an older man.

^ [Pheobe was 32 years old when Captain James Brown died.

[10] After his mother abandoned the family, Brown continued to live with his father and his live-in girlfriends until he was six years old. After that time, Brown and his father moved to Augusta, Georgia.
.His father sent him to live with an aunt, who ran a house of prostitution.^ My aunt Diana Fife, the wife of William Fife, who was my step-father, had come from Utah.

^ Then I heard from the Mexican who had defended Agnes what the murderer had proposed to him; that they rob the house, take the horses and girl and escape to Sonora.

^ At this the man who was working ran to the door and this man that had the pistol shot at him, missing.

[11] .Even though Brown lived with relatives, he spent long stretches of time on his own, hanging out on the streets and hustling to get by.^ It is probable that her father may have given her some help, he lived in Michigan at the time and had partially accepted the doctrines of the Mormons but according to his own statement at that time he was wavering.

^ He lived in Michigan at the time and had partially accepted the doctrines of the Mormons, but, according to his own statement, at that time he was wavering.

^ I had many trying times and I worked hard (and) felt as though I could not live long.

[9] Brown managed to stay in school until he dropped out in the seventh grade.[12]
.During his childhood, Brown earned money shining shoes, sweeping out stores, selling and trading in old stamps, washing cars and dishes and singing in talent contests.^ They lived in Brownsville on the former Goodyear property which Captain Brown had purchased with money earned from service in the Mormon Battalion.

^ During the winter, Abigail received $22.50 from Captain James Brown and Edward sent Emily some money.

[9] Brown also performed buck dances for change to entertain troops from Camp Gordon at the start of World War II as their convoys traveled over a canal bridge near his aunt's house.[10][11] .Between earning money from these adventures, Brown taught himself to play a harmonica given to him by his father.^ Mr Dynamite — James Brown was not a modest man, yet he more than earned the many colourful sobriquets with which he described himself over the years.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

[10] .He learned to play some guitar from Tampa Red (who was "dating" one of the girls from his aunt's house), in addition to learning to play piano and drums from others.^ Then I heard from the Mexican who had defended Agnes what the murderer had proposed to him; that they rob the house, take the horses and girl and escape to Sonora.

^ One day while she was engaged in cooking some meat, several big Buck Indians came bedecked in red paint and feathers and demanded the meat.

[10] Brown was inspired to become an entertainer after watching Louis Jordan, a popular jazz and R&B performer during the 1940s, and His Tympany Five in a short film performing "Caldonia".[13]
As an adult, Brown legally changed his name to remove the "Jr." designation.[14] In his spare time, Brown spent time practicing his various skills in Augusta-area stalls and committing petty crimes. At the age of sixteen, he was convicted of armed robbery and sent to a juvenile detention center upstate in Toccoa in 1949.[15]
.While Brown was in reform school, he became acquainted with Bobby Byrd, who first saw Brown perform in prison.^ In 1953 James Brown joined the Gospel Starlighters, a vocal quartet led by Bobby Byrd , after completing a four-year stint in prison for robbery.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ He also brought the children from his first wife, Martha Stephens Brown, who had died from complications of childbirth when her ninth child was born.

Byrd watched and admired Brown's ability to sing and perform.[10] .Byrd's family helped Brown secure an early release after serving three years of his sentence.^ In 1953 James Brown joined the Gospel Starlighters, a vocal quartet led by Bobby Byrd , after completing a four-year stint in prison for robbery.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ There were three other families who helped to colonize the area besides James Brown: Henry C. Shelton, Louis B. Myers, and George W. Thurnkill.

^ For a moment, the melody of L.A. Style's "James Brown Is Dead" floated in my mind (they released it 15 years ago, when the man was very much alive).
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

The authorities agreed to release Brown on the condition that he would get a job and not return to Augusta or Richmond County. After stints as a boxer[16] and baseball pitcher in semi-professional baseball (a career move ended by a leg injury), Brown turned his energy toward music.[17]

Career

Brown's career spanned decades, and profoundly influenced the development of many different musical genres.[18] Brown moves on a continuum of blues and gospel-based forms and styles to a profoundly Africanised approach to music making. .[15] Brown performed in concerts, first making his rounds across the "chitlin' circuit", and then across the country and later around the world, along with appearing in shows on television and in movies.^ This area was first called "Buenaventura" but was changed to "Browns Fort" and then later to "Brownsville."

.Although he contributed much to the music world through his hitmaking, Brown held the record as the artist who charted the most singles on the Billboard Hot 100 without ever hitting number one on that chart.^ James Brown, known variously as The Godfather of Soul, The Minister of the New New Super Heavy Funk, The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, Soul Brother Number One, and Mr. Dynamite, is widely acknowledged as one of the most important and influential figures in popular music in the 20th Century.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Brown is frequently cited as an influence by Hip Hop artists and may be the single most sampled artist in history.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Appears on: Most Wanted Movie Hits [ Various Artists ] .
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

[9][19]

1955: The Famous Flames

.In 1955, Brown and Bobby Byrd's sister Sarah performed in a group called "The Gospel Starlighters". Eventually, Brown joined Bobby Byrd's vocal group, the Avons, and Byrd turned the group's sound towards secular rhythm and blues.^ James Brown (vocals), Bobby Byrd (vocals), Johnny Terry (vocals), Bobby Bennet (vocals, 1958-68), "Baby Lloyd" Stallworth (vocals, 1958-68), Sylvester Keels (vocals, 1956-58), Nash Knox (vocals, 1956-58), Nafloyd Scott (guitar, 1956-58) .
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

.After the group's name was changed to The Flames, Brown and Byrd's group toured the Southern "chitlin' circuit". The group eventually signed a deal with the Cincinnati, Ohio-based label Federal Records, a sister label of King Records.^ They came to the attention of Little Richard’s manager, Clint Brantley, who secured a contract for them with Syd Nathan’s Cincinnati-based King record label.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ In 1954 he co-opted a group called the Gospel Starlighters led by a singer and pianist friend, Bobby Byrd, and converted them into his own group James Brown and the Famous Flames.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ As Brown became the focal point of the act, the group changed its name to 'The Famous Flames' and its focus from gospel to R&B. In 1955 The Famous Flames record "Please Please Please" at the studio of WIBB in Macon, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.The group's first recording was the single "Please, Please, Please" (1956).^ In 1956 Brown scored a hit in the R&B chart with his debut single Please Please Please.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

The single was a #5 R&B hit, selling over a million copies. Nine subsequent singles released by The Flames failed to live up to the success of their debut, and the group was in danger of being dropped by King Records.
Brown's early recordings were fairly straightforward gospel-inspired R&B compositions, heavily influenced by the work of contemporary musicians such as Ray Charles and Little Richard. Little Richard's relations with Brown were particularly significant in Brown's development as a musician and showman. .Brown once called Richard his idol,[20] and credited Richard's saxophone-studded mid-1950s road band, The Upsetters, with being the first to put the funk in the rock and roll beat.^ Aside from being a major contributor to the creation of the entire funk music genre, Brown was a successful businessman and an inspirational figure in the American civil rights movement.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ He created Funk all the way back in the mid-60's and his dancing was unbelievable, only to be copied by people like Michael Jackson and the Rolling Stones.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ This area was first called "Buenaventura" but was changed to "Browns Fort" and then later to "Brownsville."

[21] When Richard left pop music in 1957 to become a preacher, Brown filled out Richard's remaining tour dates in his place. .Several former members of Little Richard's backup band joined Brown's group after Richard's exit from the pop music scene.^ RIP James Brown 1933-2006 PS: No James Brown = No Hip-Hop, Breakbeat, House, Disco, Funk, Modern Pop, and just Modern Music in general.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

Brown (middle) & The Famous Flames (far left to right, Bobby Bennett, Lloyd Stallworth, and Bobby Byrd), performing live at the Apollo Theater in New York City, 1964. Brown's band is on the far right.
.Brown's group returned to the charts to stay in 1958 with the #1 R&B hit "Try Me". This hit record was the best-selling R&B single of the year, becoming the first of 17 chart-topping R&B singles by Brown over the next two decades.^ In 1956 Brown scored a hit in the R&B chart with his debut single Please Please Please.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Success in the mainstream pop market took a while to come, but by 1963 he had scored his first US Top 20 single with Prisoner of Love and powered his way to No 2 in the American album chart with his landmark album, Live At The Apollo.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ [Phoebe married James Brown 17 October 1850, when she was 19 years old.

[22] .By the time "Try Me" was released on record, the group's billing was changed to James Brown and The Famous Flames.^ In 1954 he co-opted a group called the Gospel Starlighters led by a singer and pianist friend, Bobby Byrd, and converted them into his own group James Brown and the Famous Flames.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ As Brown became the focal point of the act, the group changed its name to 'The Famous Flames' and its focus from gospel to R&B. In 1955 The Famous Flames record "Please Please Please" at the studio of WIBB in Macon, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ For a moment, the melody of L.A. Style's "James Brown Is Dead" floated in my mind (they released it 15 years ago, when the man was very much alive).
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

"The Famous Flames" was a vocal group, not a backing band.
.In 1959, Brown and The Famous Flames moved from the Federal Records subsidiary to King Records, the parent label.^ They came to the attention of Little Richard’s manager, Clint Brantley, who secured a contract for them with Syd Nathan’s Cincinnati-based King record label.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ As Brown became the focal point of the act, the group changed its name to 'The Famous Flames' and its focus from gospel to R&B. In 1955 The Famous Flames record "Please Please Please" at the studio of WIBB in Macon, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Inhouse Records , Not On Label , Not On Label (James Brown) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.Brown began to have recurring conflicts with King Records president Syd Nathan over repertoire and other matters.^ They came to the attention of Little Richard’s manager, Clint Brantley, who secured a contract for them with Syd Nathan’s Cincinnati-based King record label.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

.In one notable instance, Brown recorded the 1960 Top Ten R&B hit "(Do the) Mashed Potatoes" on Dade Records, owned by Henry Stone, under the pseudonym "Nat Kendrick & The Swans" because Nathan refused to allow him to record it for King.^ Brown Stone Records , Hot Productions .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[23]

Early and mid-1960s

.Brown scored on the charts in the early 1960s with recordings such as his 1962 cover of "Night Train". While Brown's early singles were major hits across the southern United States and then regular R&B Top Ten hits, he and the Famous Flames were not successful nationally until his self-financed live show was captured on the 1963 LP Live at the Apollo.^ They continued coming out until all of the women and children from all of the colonies arrived in the United States.

^ They lived in the Ogden, Utah area until 1880, when they moved to southern Arizona.

^ Bronx rapper Afrika Bambaataa teams up with James Brown to record the anthemic single "Unity."
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.Brown financed the recording of the album himself, and it was released on King Records over the objections of label owner Syd Nathan, who saw no commercial potential in a live album containing no new songs.^ James Brown records "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag," a revolutionary single that ushers in a whole new era of soul music.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ No New York (Album) ◄ (3 versions) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ No New York (CD, Album, RE) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.Defying Nathan's expectations, the album stayed on the pop charts for fourteen months, peaking at #2.[24] In addition, Brown recorded a hit version of the ballad "Prisoner of Love", (his first Top 20 pop hit), in 1963 and founded (under King auspices) the fledgling Try Me Records, Brown's first attempt at running a record label.^ Success in the mainstream pop market took a while to come, but by 1963 he had scored his first US Top 20 single with Prisoner of Love and powered his way to No 2 in the American album chart with his landmark album, Live At The Apollo.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ They came to the attention of Little Richard’s manager, Clint Brantley, who secured a contract for them with Syd Nathan’s Cincinnati-based King record label.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ This was the recording of a show at that most hallowed of New York venues on October 24, 1962, and its success underlined Brown’s phenomenal impact as a stage performer.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Brown followed the success of Live at the Apollo with a string of singles that, along with the work of Allen Toussaint in New Orleans, essentially defined the foundation of funk music.^ Brown led to Zion from New Orleans.

.Driven by the success of Live at the Apollo and the failure of King Records to expand record promotion beyond the "black" market, James Brown and fellow Famous Flame Bobby Byrd formed a production company, Fair Deal, to promote sales of Brown's record releases to white audiences.^ James Brown and lived in Ogden, Utah.

^ Sarah was not too happy living in polygamy, so after a few years she left Captain James Brown and later married Ithamar Sprague, an older man.

^ In company with George Miller, Lyman Wight and James Brown, Stephen was called on a temporal mission to gather funds to build the Nauvoo temple.

In this arrangement, Smash Records, a subsidiary of Mercury Records, was used as a vehicle to distribute Brown's music. Smash released his 1964 hit "Out of Sight", which reached #24 on the pop charts and pointed the way to his later funk hits.[25] .Its release also triggered a legal battle between Smash and King that resulted in a one year ban on the release of Brown's vocal recordings.^ In 1953 James Brown joined the Gospel Starlighters, a vocal quartet led by Bobby Byrd , after completing a four-year stint in prison for robbery.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ For a moment, the melody of L.A. Style's "James Brown Is Dead" floated in my mind (they released it 15 years ago, when the man was very much alive).
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[26]
.During the mid-1960s, two of Brown's signature tunes "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" and "I Got You (I Feel Good)", both from 1965, were his first Top 10 pop hits, as well as major #1 R&B hits, with each remaining the top-selling singles in black venues for over a month.^ Her two sons, David Black, and Joseph Smith Brown, lived in Northern Idaho.

^ On January 10, 1846, Sarah married James Brown, as his first polygamous wife, in Nauvoo, Illinois.

^ No, said Father, I think it will help it, you see the new blacksmith is my first son."

.In 1966, Brown's "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" won the Grammy for Best Rhythm & Blues Recording (an award last given in 1968).^ James Brown records "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag," a revolutionary single that ushers in a whole new era of soul music.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ On the news, they talked about the "godfather of soul" without mentioning that he was also one of the greatest funk figures of all times ("I Feel Good", "Papa's Got A Brand New Bag" and "Sex Machine" are all good examples).
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Papa's Got A Brand New Bag (7", RE) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

Brown's national profile was boosted further that year by appearances in the movie Ski Party and the concert film The T.A.M.I. Show, in which he and The Famous Flames (Bobby Byrd, Bobby Bennett and "Baby Lloyd" Stallworth) upstaged The Rolling Stones. In his concert repertoire and on record, Brown mingled his innovative rhythmic essays with Broadway show tunes and ballads, such as his hit "It's a Man's Man's Man's World" (1966).

Late 1960s

As the 1960s decade neared its end, Brown continued to refine the new funk idiom. Brown's 1967 #1 R&B hit, "Cold Sweat", sometimes cited as the first true funk song, was the first of his recordings to contain a drum break and the first that featured a harmony that was reduced to a single chord.[27][28] .The instrumental arrangements on tracks such as "Give It Up Or Turnit A Loose" and "Licking Stick-Licking Stick" (both recorded in 1968) and "Funky Drummer" (recorded in 1969) featured a more developed version of Brown's mid-1960s style, with the horn section, guitars, bass and drums meshed together in intricate rhythmic patterns based on multiple interlocking riffs.^ Give Me Some Skin / People Wake Up And Live ◄ (3 versions) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Funky Drummer (EP) ◄ (2 versions) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Give It Up Or Turnit A Loose / I'll Lose My Mind (7", Single) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.Changes in Brown's style that started with "Cold Sweat" also established the musical foundation for Brown's later hits, such as "I Got the Feelin'" (1968) and "Mother Popcorn" (1969).^ This area was first called "Buenaventura" but was changed to "Browns Fort" and then later to "Brownsville."

By this time Brown's vocals frequently took the form of a kind of rhythmic declamation, not quite sung but not quite spoken, that only intermittently featured traces of pitch or melody. .This would become a major influence on the techniques of rapping, which would come to maturity along with hip hop music in the coming decades.^ Brown is frequently cited as an influence by Hip Hop artists and may be the single most sampled artist in history.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

.In November 1967, James Brown purchased radio station WGYW in Knoxville, Tennessee for a reported $75,000, according to the January 20, 1968 Record World magazine.^ The Wonderful World of James Brown 1962-1966 .
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon his arrival in Salt Lake, James Brown purchased, from Miles Goodyear, a large tract of land for the sum of $3,000.00.

^ Before James Brown could purchase the Goodyear Fort, a treaty with Mexico had to be resolved.

The call letters were changed to WJBE reflecting his initials. WJBE began on January 15, 1968 and broadcast a Rhythm & Blues format. The station slogan was "WJBE 1430 Raw Soul". At the time it was mentioned "Brown has also branched out into real estate and music publishing in recent months".
.Brown's recordings influenced musicians across the industry, most notably Sly and his Family Stone, Charles Wright & the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band, Booker T. & the M.G.'s and soul shouters like Edwin Starr, Temptations David Ruffin, and Dennis Edwards.^ Brown is frequently cited as an influence by Hip Hop artists and may be the single most sampled artist in history.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

A then-prepubescent Michael Jackson took Brown's shouts and dancing into the pop mainstream as the lead singer of Motown's The Jackson 5. Those same tracks were later resurrected by countless hip-hop musicians from the 1970s onward. .As a result, James Brown remains to this day the world's most sampled recording artist,[29] with "Funky Drummer" itself becoming the most sampled individual piece of music.^ Abigail become James Browns fifth wife.

^ In Abigails history it tells that James sent the necessary wagons and she, Abigail, made arrangements to send the Brown families remaining in Iowa to the Salt Lake Valley.

^ James Brown 16 July 1846, at Council Bluffs, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, on the day he was inducted into the Mormon Battalion.

[30]
Brown's band during this period employed musicians and arrangers who had come up through the jazz tradition. He was noted for his ability as a bandleader and songwriter to blend the simplicity and drive of R&B with the rhythmic complexity and precision of jazz. Trumpeter Lewis Hamlin and saxophonist/keyboardist Alfred "Pee Wee" Ellis (the successor to previous bandleader Nat Jones) led the band. Guitarist Jimmy Nolen provided percussive, deceptively simple riffs for each song, and Maceo Parker's prominent saxophone solos provided a focal point for many performances. Other members of Brown's band included stalwart singer and sideman Bobby Byrd, drummers John "Jabo" Starks, Clyde Stubblefield and Melvin Parker (Maceo's brother), saxophonist St. Clair Pinckney, trombonist Fred Wesley, guitarist Alphonso "Country" Kellum and bassist Bernard Odum.
During this period, Brown's music empire also expanded along with his influence on the music scene. As Brown's music empire grew, his desire for financial and artistic independence grew as well. Brown bought radio stations during the late 1960s, including radio station WRDW in Augusta, Georgia where he shined shoes as a boy. Brown also branched out to make several recordings with musicians outside his own band. He recorded Gettin' Down To It (1969) and Soul on Top (1970), two albums consisting mostly of romantic ballads and jazz standards, with the Dee Felice Trio and the Louie Bellson Orchestra respectively. He recorded a number of tracks with the Dapps, a white Cincinnati bar band, including the hit "I Can't Stand Myself (When You Touch Me)". He also released three albums of Christmas music with his own band.

1970s and the J.B.'s

Brown after a concert in Tampa on Jan. 29, 1972
.By 1970, most members of James Brown's classic 1960s band had quit his act for other opportunities, and The Famous Flames singing group had disbanded, with original member Bobby Byrd the only one remaining with Brown.^ James Brown Soul Classics (2xLP) .
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^ In 1953 James Brown joined the Gospel Starlighters, a vocal quartet led by Bobby Byrd , after completing a four-year stint in prison for robbery.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ As Brown became the focal point of the act, the group changed its name to 'The Famous Flames' and its focus from gospel to R&B. In 1955 The Famous Flames record "Please Please Please" at the studio of WIBB in Macon, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.Brown and Byrd employed a new band that included future funk greats, such as bassist Bootsy Collins, Collins' guitarist brother Phelps "Catfish" Collins and trombonist and musical director Fred Wesley.^ A number of musicians served time in his back-up bands before finding success as solo artists, among them Bootsy Collins , Maceo Parker , Fred Wesley , and Hank Ballard & the Midnighters .
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^ James Brown, known variously as The Godfather of Soul, The Minister of the New New Super Heavy Funk, The Hardest Working Man in Show Business, Soul Brother Number One, and Mr. Dynamite, is widely acknowledged as one of the most important and influential figures in popular music in the 20th Century.
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Add New Genre: add Cancel Save Weighted Rating   Popularity   Not Enough Data   James Brown : Band / Artist info James Brown .
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

.This new backing band was dubbed "The J.B.'s", and the band made its debut on Brown's 1970 single "Get Up (I Feel Like Being A) Sex Machine". Although The J.B.'s went through several lineup changes, with the first change occurring in 1971, the band remained Brown's most familiar backing band.^ It was necessary for him to remain in bed for several weeks and he was fed gruel every few hours, just a few spoonsful at a time at first.

^ Her countenance was lighted up and it was most beautiful and she looked like when I could first remember her."

^ It was necessary for him to remain in bed for several weeks and he was fed gruel every few hours just a few spoonfuls at a time at first.

.In 1971, Brown began recording for Polydor Records which also took over distribution of Brown's King Records catalog.^ James Brown signed with Polydor Records, for which he recorded extensively throughout the decade.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Polydor , King Records (3) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ King Records (3) , Polydor .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

Many of his sidemen and supporting players, such as Fred Wesley & The J.B.'s, Bobby Byrd, Lyn Collins, Vicki Anderson and Hank Ballard, released records on the People label, an imprint founded by Brown that was purchased by Polydor as part of Brown's new contract. .The recordings on the People label, almost all of which were produced by Brown himself, exemplified his "house style". Songs such as "I Know You Got Soul" by Bobby Byrd, "Think (About It)" by Lyn Collins and "Doing It to Death" by Fred Wesley & The J.B.'s are considered as much a part of Brown's recorded legacy as the recordings released under his own name.^ In 1953 James Brown joined the Gospel Starlighters, a vocal quartet led by Bobby Byrd , after completing a four-year stint in prison for robbery.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ For a moment, the melody of L.A. Style's "James Brown Is Dead" floated in my mind (they released it 15 years ago, when the man was very much alive).
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Brother MacDonald said to his companion, "What do you think about this case?"

In 1973, Brown provided the score for the blaxploitation film Black Caesar. In 1974, he toured Africa and performed in Zaire as part of the buildup to the Rumble in the Jungle fight between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman. Admirers of Brown's music, including Miles Davis and other jazz musicians, began to cite Brown as a major influence on their own styles. .However, Brown, like others who were influenced by his music, also "borrowed" from other musicians.^ There were three other families who helped to colonize the area besides James Brown: Henry C. Shelton, Louis B. Myers, and George W. Thurnkill.

.His 1976 single "Hot" (I Need To Be Loved, Loved, Loved, Loved)" (R&B #31) borrowed the main riff from "Fame" by David Bowie, not the other way around as was often believed.^ Hot (I Need To Be Loved, Loved, Loved, Loved ) / Froggy Mix ◄ (2 versions) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Reality / I Need Your Love So Bad (Single) ◄ (3 versions) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Hot (I Need To Be Loved, Loved, Loved, Loved) / Superbad, Superslick Part I (7") .
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The riff was provided to "Fame" co-writers John Lennon and Bowie by guitarist Carlos Alomar.[31]
Brown's Polydor recordings during the 1970s exemplified his innovations from the previous twenty years. .Compositions such as "The Payback" (1973), "Papa Don't Take No Mess", "Stoned to the Bone", and "Funky President (People It's Bad)" (1974), and "Get Up Offa That Thing" (1976) were among his most noted recordings during this time.^ Papa Don't Take No Mess (Parts 1 & 2) .
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^ Get Up Offa That Thing .
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^ Funky President (People It's Bad) / Cold Blooded .
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Late 1970s and 1980s

.By the mid-1970s, Brown's star-status was on the wane, and key musicians in his band such as Fred Wesley left to join Parliament-Funkadelic.^ A number of musicians served time in his back-up bands before finding success as solo artists, among them Bootsy Collins , Maceo Parker , Fred Wesley , and Hank Ballard & the Midnighters .
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

The onslaught of the slickly commercial style of disco caught Brown off guard, as it superseded his raw style of funk music on the dance floor. His 1976 albums Get Up Offa That Thing and Bodyheat were Brown's first flirtations with disco rhythms and its slicker production techniques. .While the albums Mutha's Nature (1977) and Jam 1980s (1978) did not generate chart hits, Brown's 1979 LP The Original Disco Man was a notable late addition to his oeuvre.^ In 1956 Brown scored a hit in the R&B chart with his debut single Please Please Please.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

.This album featured the song "It's Too Funky in Here", which was his last top R&B hit of the decade.^ Keep On Moving (It's Too Funky In Here) (2xLP, Album) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Keep On Moving (It's Too Funky In Here) (CD, Album) .
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^ Keep On Moving (It's Too Funky In Here) (Album) ◄ (5 versions) .
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Like the rest of songs on the The Original Disco Man LP, "It's Too Funky in Here" was not produced by Brown himself, but produced instead by Brad Shapiro.
.Brown's contract with Polydor expired in 1981, and his recording and touring schedule was somewhat reduced.^ James Brown signed with Polydor Records, for which he recorded extensively throughout the decade.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

Despite these events, Brown experienced something of a resurgence during the 1980s, effectively crossing over to a broader, more mainstream audience. He appeared in the feature films The Blues Brothers, Doctor Detroit and Rocky IV, as well as guest starring in the Miami Vice episode "Missing Hours" (1988). .He also recorded Gravity, a modestly popular crossover album released on his new host label Scotti Bros., and the top 10 hit 1985 single "Living in America", which was featured prominently in the Rocky IV film and soundtrack.^ Success in the mainstream pop market took a while to come, but by 1963 he had scored his first US Top 20 single with Prisoner of Love and powered his way to No 2 in the American album chart with his landmark album, Live At The Apollo.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

Brown performed the song in the film at Apollo Creed's final fight, shot in the Ziegfeld Room at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas and was credited as "The Godfather of Soul". In 1987, Brown won the Grammy for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance for "Living in America". Acknowledging his influence on modern hip-hop and R&B music, Brown collaborated with hip-hop artist Afrika Bambaataa on the single "Unity".
In 1988, Brown worked with the production team Full Force on the hip-hop influenced album I'm Real, which spawned a #5 R&B hit single, "Static". Meanwhile, the drum break from the second version of the original 1969 hit "Give It Up Or Turnit A Loose" (the recording included on the compilation album In the Jungle Groove) became so popular at hip hop dance parties (especially for breakdance) during the late 1970s and early 1980s that hip hop founding father Kurtis Blow called the song "the national anthem of hip hop".[32]

1990s to the 2000s

James Brown on December 23, 2006, two days before his death on December 25, 2006.
.After a stint in prison during the late 1980s, Brown released the album Love Overdue, with the new single "Move On". Brown also released the 1991 four-CD box set Star Time, which included music spanning his four-decade career at that time.^ Success in the mainstream pop market took a while to come, but by 1963 he had scored his first US Top 20 single with Prisoner of Love and powered his way to No 2 in the American album chart with his landmark album, Live At The Apollo.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Many friends and relatives came to her aid at the time of her sorrow, including James Brown.

.Nearly all of his earlier LPs were re-released on CD, often with additional tracks and commentary by experts on Brown's music.^ The Payback, the most successful of James Brown's Seventies albums—many of which were double-LPs with lengthy, extended tracks—makes its debut on Billboard's album chart.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ The Crazy World Of Arthur Brown (LP, Album, RE) .
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^ James Brown's Funky People (Part 2) (CD, Comp, RE, RM) .
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In 1991, Brown appeared in MC Hammer's video "Too Legit to Quit" (or "2 Legit 2 Quit"), someone Hammer idolized. .In 1993, James Brown released the album Universal James, which spawned the singles "Can't Get Any Harder", "How Long" and "Georgia-Lina". In 1995, the live album Live at the Apollo 1995 was released, featuring the new studio track "Respect Me", which was released as a single that same year.^ James Brown and lived in Ogden, Utah.

^ [Phoebe married James Brown 17 October 1850, when she was 19 years old.

^ My husband, James Brown, was called on a mission for two years.

.Brown followed up this single with the megamix "Hooked on Brown" that was released as a single in 1996. Brown's later LP releases during this time included the 1998 studio album I'm Back that featured the single "Funk on ah Roll", and the 2002 album The Next Step that featured the single "Killing is Out, School is In," both produced and co-written by Derrick Monk.^ Many friends and relatives came to her aid at the time of her sorrow, including James Brown.

.Brown participated in the PBS American Masters television documentary James Brown: Soul Survivor, which was directed by Jeremy Marre.^ James Brown - The Godfather of Soul: Live!
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^ James Brown Plays Nothing But Soul .
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^ James Brown Sings Raw Soul .
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.Although Brown had various run-ins with the law, he continued to perform and record regularly, and he also made appearances in television shows and films, such as Blues Brothers 2000, and sporting events, such as his 2000 appearance at the World Championship Wrestling pay-per-view event SuperBrawl X.^ Blues Brothers 2000 .
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

^ Phoebe Abigail Abbott Brown, An Introduction with Events About Her Life from Her Son, Orson Pratt Brown , O. James Brown Klein, September 22, 2000, pages 1 -13.

In Brown's appearance at the SuperBrawl X event, he danced alongside wrestler Ernest "The Cat" Miller, whose character was based on Brown, during his in ring skit with The Maestro.[33] Brown was featured in Tony Scott's 2001 short film, Beat the Devil, alongside Clive Owen, Gary Oldman, Danny Trejo and Marilyn Manson.[34] Brown also made a cameo appearance in the 2002 Jackie Chan film The Tuxedo, in which Chan was required to finish Brown's act after Brown was accidentally knocked out by Chan.[35] .In 2002, Brown appeared in Undercover Brother, playing the role as himself.^ Appears on: Undercover Brother [ Various Artists ] .
  • Albums by James Brown - Rate Your Music 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC rateyourmusic.com [Source type: General]

.Brown appeared at Edinburgh 50,000 - The Final Push, the final Live 8 concert on July 6, 2005, where he performed a duet with British pop star Will Young on "Papa's Got A Brand New Bag". He also performed a duet with another British pop star, Joss Stone, a week earlier on the United Kingdom chat show Friday Night with Jonathan Ross.^ Papa's Got a Brand New Bag .
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^ Foundations of Funk: A Brand New Bag: 1964-1969 .
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^ Sex Machine-Papa's Got a Brand New Bag-I Got You-It's a Man's,Man's, Man's World .
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Before his death, Brown was scheduled to perform a duet with singer Annie Lennox on the song "Vengeance" for her new album Venus, scheduled for release in early 2007. In 2006, Brown continued his "Seven Decades Of Funk World Tour", his last concert tour where he performed all over the world. His last shows were greeted with positive reviews, and one of his final concert appearances at the Irish Oxegen festival in Punchestown in 2006 was performed for a record crowd of 80,000 people. .Brown's last televised appearance was at his induction into the UK Music Hall of Fame in November 2006, before his death the following month.^ After her husbands death she married James Brown on November 20, 1842 in Nauvoo, Illinois.

James Brown Revue

.For many years, Brown's touring show was one of the most extravagant productions in American popular music.^ This was the recording of a show at that most hallowed of New York venues on October 24, 1962, and its success underlined Brown’s phenomenal impact as a stage performer.
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^ About 200 years afterward a monument was erected in the old burial place in Andover, to the memory, by a popular subscription of their many descendants.

^ Mr Dynamite — James Brown was not a modest man, yet he more than earned the many colourful sobriquets with which he described himself over the years.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

.At the time of Brown's death, his band included three guitarists, two bass guitar players, two drummers, three horns and a percussionist.^ Many friends and relatives came to her aid at the time of her sorrow, including James Brown.

[36] The bands that he maintained during the late 1960s and 1970s were of comparable size, and the bands also included a three-piece amplified string section that played during ballads.[37] .Brown employed between 40 and 50 people for the James Brown Revue, and members of the revue traveled with him in a bus to cities and towns all over the country, performing upwards of 330 shows a year with almost all of the shows as one-nighters.^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

^ Going back to the year 1881 I desire to relate some incidents that happened to show the conditions that existed in that section of the country.

^ When her daughter, Phebe Abigail was grown, James Brown took her as one of his wives.

[38][39]

Concert introduction

.Before James Brown appeared on stage, his personal MC gave him an elaborate introduction accompanied by drumrolls, as the MC worked in Brown's various sobriquets along with the names of many of his hit songs.^ Before leaving Nauvoo, Abigail married James Brown.

^ Esther Jones Roper Brown was married to James but had not married him in polygamy.

^ Before James Brown could purchase the Goodyear Fort, a treaty with Mexico had to be resolved.

The introduction by Fats Gonder, captured on Brown's 1963 album Live at the Apollo album, is a representative example:
So now ladies and gentlemen it is star time, are you ready for star time? Thank you and thank you very kindly. It is indeed a great pleasure to present to you at this particular time, national and international[ly] known as the hardest working man in show business, the man that sings "I'll Go Crazy" ... "Try Me" ... "You've Got the Power" ... "Think" ... "If You Want Me" ... "I Don't Mind" ... "Bewildered" ...the million dollar seller, "Lost Someone" ... the very latest release, "Night Train" ... let's everybody "Shout and Shimmy" ... Mr. Dynamite, the amazing Mr. Please Please himself, the star of the show, James Brown and The Famous Flames!![40]
.Among the MCs who worked with Brown and his revue through the years, Brown's most famous MC was Danny Ray, who appeared on stage with him for over 30 years.^ This was the recording of a show at that most hallowed of New York venues on October 24, 1962, and its success underlined Brown’s phenomenal impact as a stage performer.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ There is nothing unusual or strange in this for a mother, but after many years, when it was known that through him alone, descended his fathers name, the incident may be worthy of preservation."

^ While there, she met Mr. Arthurmer or Ardemis Thomas Sprague, who was a blacksmith and had worked for James Brown.

Concert repertoire and format

Brown and MC Danny Ray during cape routine, BBC Electric Proms '06 concert
.James Brown's performances were famous for their intensity and length.^ James Brown And His Famous Flames Sing Christmas Songs (LP, Comp, RE) .
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.His own stated goal was to "give people more than what they came for — make them tired, 'cause that's what they came for.'"^ They pointed their bows and arrows at the baby in the cradle, making Mary understand in no uncertain manner that if she didnt give them the meat they would kill the baby.

[41] Brown's concert repertoire consisted mostly of his own hits and recent songs, with a few R&B covers mixed in. Brown danced vigorously as he sang, working popular dance steps such as the Mashed Potato into his routine along with dramatic leaps, splits and slides. In addition, his horn players and backup singers (The Famous Flames) typically performed choreographed dance routines, and later incarnations of the Revue included backup dancers. Male performers in the Revue were required to wear tuxedoes and cummerbunds long after more casual concert wear became the norm among the younger musical acts. Brown's own extravagant outfits and his elaborate processed hairdo completed the visual impression.
.A James Brown concert typically included a performance by a featured vocalist, such as Vicki Anderson or Marva Whitney, and an instrumental feature for the band, which sometimes served as the opening act for the show.^ Many friends and relatives came to her aid at the time of her sorrow, including James Brown.

^ Before leaving Nauvoo, Abigail Smith Abbott had been married for sometime, as a plural wife to Captain James Brown.

.Although Brown released many live albums, Say It Live & Loud: Live in Dallas 08.26.68, released by Polydor in 1998, was one of only a few audio recordings that captured a performance of the James Brown Revue from beginning to end.^ James Brown and lived in Ogden, Utah.

^ James Brown signed with Polydor Records, for which he recorded extensively throughout the decade.
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^ Born in Barnwell, South Carolina, in the woods a few miles from the Georgia state line, James Joseph Brown Jr was shunted off to live in a brothel in Augusta, Georgia, after his parents had separated.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

Cape routine

.A trademark feature of Brown's stage shows, usually during the song "Please, Please, Please", involved Brown dropping to his knees while clutching the microphone stand in his hands, prompting the show's MC to come out, drape a cape over Brown's shoulders and escort him off the stage after he had worked himself to exhaustion during his performance.^ As one of the most influential African-American performer ever, James Brown laid a foundation for the Funky/Soul groove that earned him the nicknames - The Godfather Of Soul, Hardest Working Man In Show Biz, Mr. Dynamite, and Soul Brother Number One!
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^ Reply Edit report notify me Review by Apeman May 17, 2009 James Brown = One of the funkiest artists ever to come out ever, ever!
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

As Brown was escorted off the stage by the MC, Brown's vocal group, The Famous Flames, continued singing the background vocals "Please, please don't go-oh-oh".[42] Brown then shook off the cape and staggered back to the microphone to perform an encore. This act was often repeated several times in succession and can be seen in the closing credits of the 1998 film, Blues Brothers 2000. The Alan Parker film The Commitments features the would-be Dublin soul musicians watching the act on video for inspiration.
Brown's cape routine was inspired by a similar routine used by the professional wrestler Gorgeous George.[40][43]

As band leader

.Brown demanded extreme discipline, perfection and precision from his musicians and dancers — right down to when performers in his Revue showed up for rehearsals all the way to whether members wore the right "uniform" or "costume" for concert performances.^ This was the recording of a show at that most hallowed of New York venues on October 24, 1962, and its success underlined Brown’s phenomenal impact as a stage performer.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ The wagons and teams were duty received and in 1848 Abigail fitted them up and sent all of Mr. Browns family that remained on to the valley.

^ One of Captain James Browns boys and I started and had to walk all the way, twenty-five miles, carrying my bundle.

[44] During an interview conducted by Terri Gross during the NPR segment "Fresh Air" with Maceo Parker, a former saxophonist in Brown's band for most of the 1960s and part of the 1970s and 1980s, Parker offered his experience with the discipline that Brown demanded of the band:
You gotta be on time. You gotta have your uniform. Your stuff's got to be intact. You gotta have the bow tie. You got to have it. You can't come up without the bow tie. You cannot come up without a cummerbund ... [The] patent leather shoes we were wearing at the time gotta be greased. You just gotta have this stuff. This is what [Brown expected] ... [Brown] bought the costumes. He bought the shoes. And if for some reason [the band member decided] to leave the group, [Brown told the person to] please leave my uniforms ....
—Maceo Parker[45]
.Brown also had a practice of directing, correcting and assessing fines on members of his band who broke his rules, such as wearing unshined shoes, dancing out of sync or showing up late on stage.^ We hope that the members of the family will find this book an inspiration and an enriched realization of their fine heritage and an influence to live up to that heritage.

[17] .During some of his concert performances, Brown danced in front of his band with his back to the audience as he slid across the floor, flashing hand signals and splaying his pulsating fingers to the beat of the music.^ During the winter, Abigail received $22.50 from Captain James Brown and Edward sent Emily some money.

Although audiences thought Brown's dance routine was part of his act, this practice was actually his way of pointing to the offending member of his troupe who played or sang the wrong note or committed some other infraction. Brown used his splayed fingers and hand signals to alert the offending person of the fine that person must pay to him for breaking his rules.[46]

Social activism

Civil unrest and self-empowerment

.During the late 1960s and early 1970s, James Brown was renowned for his work with social activism.^ While there, she met Mr. Arthurmer or Ardemis Thomas Sprague, who was a blacksmith and had worked for James Brown.

^ During the winter, Abigail received $22.50 from Captain James Brown and Edward sent Emily some money.

In 1966, he released the single "Don't Be a Drop-Out" as a lesson to young students who had thoughts of dropping out. He later made public speeches in front of dozens of children and advocated the importance of education in school. .In 1967, he issued a patriotic single, "America is My Home", which was a "rap" about how he felt people, particularly in the African-American community, were neglecting the country that he said "could give (them) opportunities" explaining how at one time he was shining shoes and the next, he was greeting the President of the United States as he did when President Lyndon B. Johnson thanked him for donating money to school drop-out prevention programs.^ On my return from that sisters home I met President Kimball with a telegram from President Ivins.

^ She says, "I thanked God and praised him and took courage for my burdens seemed much lightened."

^ My being called into the Army of the United States is no reason why I should cease to serve the Lord.

A year later, he performed in front of a televised audience in Boston the day after the death of Martin Luther King, Jr.. Brown is often given credit for preventing rioting with the performance.[47] However, it was Mayor Kevin White who strongly restrained the Boston Police from cracking down on minor violence and protests after the assassination,[47] and Boston religious and community leaders who worked to keep tempers from flaring.[47] Also, White arranged to have the performance broadcast multiple times on Boston's public television station, WGBH, thus keeping many potential rioters off the streets, watching the concert for free. .Brown demanded $60,000 for "gate" fees (money he thought would be lost from ticket sales on account of the concert being broadcast for free), and then threatened to go public about the secret arrangement when the city balked at paying up after the concert, news of which would have been a political death-blow to White, and possibly sparked riots on its own.^ Sarah, being a good manager and thrifty, was able to help make a home in this new country and raise her large family in the land of the free.

[47] .White successfully lobbied the behind-the-scenes power-brokering group known as "The Vault" to come up with money for Brown's gate fee and other social programs; The Vault contributed $100,000 to such programs, and Brown received $15,000 from them via the city.^ In 1850, Abigail received, from James Brown, a tract of land in the southern part of the city facing what is now Washington Avenue.

^ The wagons and teams were duty received and in 1848 Abigail fitted them up and sent all of Mr. Browns family that remained on to the valley.

^ During the winter, Abigail received $22.50 from Captain James Brown and Edward sent Emily some money.

White persuaded management at the Boston Garden to give up their share of receipts to make up the difference.[47] The story is documented in the PBS film "The Night James Brown Saved Boston".
Afterwards, President Johnson urged Brown to visit Washington, D.C. to greet inner-city residents there performing at a benefit concert there and expressed the notion that violence "wasn't the way to go". Many in the black community felt that Brown was speaking out to them more than some major leaders in the country, a sentiment that was strengthened with the release of his groundbreaking landmark single, "Say It Loud - I'm Black and I'm Proud".
Brown continued performing benefit concerts for various civil rights organizations including Jesse Jackson's PUSH and The Black Panther Party's Breakfast program throughout the early-1970s. Brown also continued to release socially-conscious singles such as "I Don't Want Nobody To Give Me Nothing (Open Up the Door, I'll Get It Myself)" (1969), "Get Up, Get Into It, Get Involved" (1971), "Talking Loud and Saying Nothing" (1972), "King Heroin" (1974), "Funky President (People It's Bad)" (1974) and "Reality" (1975). .The week before his death, Brown took time to give Christmas presents to an orphanage in Atlanta.^ Before leaving Nauvoo, Abigail Smith Abbott had married for a time as a plural wife to Captain James Brown.

Fannie Brown

.Fannie Brown shared James Brown passion and concern for the condition of today's youth and expressed these concerns by inspiring his band to write songs like "The Godfather of Soul" and "Pull Your Pants Up". According to Fannie Brown, "Pull Your Pants UP!" is a song about negativity in today's music world.^ It was during these strenuous times that my grandmother, Sarah Studwell Wood Brown lived, with her three sons, Charles Wood, about ten years, Joseph Wood, about eight years, and baby James Harvey Brown.

^ Before he left for California, he was concerned about his families and wrote to Abigail Smith Abbott Brown.

^ Phoebe Abigail Abbott Brown, An Introduction with Events About Her Life from Her Son, Orson Pratt Brown , O. James Brown Klein, September 22, 2000, pages 1 -13.

[48]

Personal life

.At the end of his life, James Brown lived in a riverfront home in Beech Island, South Carolina, directly across the Savannah River from Augusta, Georgia.^ James Brown and lived in Ogden, Utah.

^ While there she lived at the home of James Abbott.

^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.James Brown was diagnosed with diabetes at a very early stage of his life.^ James Dunn gives this description of life in a large extended family household: "James Brown was not only a polygamist, but everything around him was built on a polygamist plan.

^ Phoebe Abigail Abbott Brown, An Introduction with Events About Her Life from Her Son, Orson Pratt Brown , O. James Brown Klein, September 22, 2000, pages 1 -13.

[49] Brown was once diagnosed with prostate cancer, which was successfully treated with surgery.[50] .Regardless of his health, Brown maintained his reputation as the "hardest working man in show business" by keeping up with his grueling performance schedule.^ As one of the most influential African-American performer ever, James Brown laid a foundation for the Funky/Soul groove that earned him the nicknames - The Godfather Of Soul, Hardest Working Man In Show Biz, Mr. Dynamite, and Soul Brother Number One!
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Had 114 total entries on Billboard's R&B singles charts, 17 reached number one and is also the most sampled man of the show business.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ "I will live yet to perform the work that has been promised me I should; I will see this man buried and live many years."

.However, James Brown led as colorful a life on stage with his performances, as he had off stage with his troubles with the law and his last marriage in particular.^ This was the recording of a show at that most hallowed of New York venues on October 24, 1962, and its success underlined Brown’s phenomenal impact as a stage performer.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ James Dunn gives this description of life in a large extended family household: "James Brown was not only a polygamist, but everything around him was built on a polygamist plan.

^ Later, James Brown proposed marriage to her and she was married to him in 1846.

Marriages and children

.Brown was married four times — Velma Warren (19 June 1953–1969, divorced), Deidre "Deedee" Jenkins (22 October 1970–10 January 1981, divorced), Adrienne Lois Rodriguez (born 9 March 1950) (1984–6 January 1996, wife's death) and Tomi Rae Hynie (December 2001–2006, his death).^ Mary Woolerton (9 th wife), born 30 March 1814, at Stock port, Cheshire, England.

^ [Phoebe married James Brown 17 October 1850, when she was 19 years old.

^ He married (1) 10 October 1887, Martha Dianna Romney; (2) __?, Jane Bodily Galbraith; (3) 15 January 1901, Elizabeth Graham MacDonald; (4) 2 September 1902, Eliza Skousen; (5) 18 March 1919, Angela Gabaldon.

From these and other relationships, James Brown had five sons — Teddy Brown (1954–1973), Terry Brown, and Larry Brown, Daryl Brown (a member of Brown's backing band) and James Joseph Brown III, in addition to four daughters — Lisa Brown, Dr. Yamma Noyola Brown Lumar, Deanna Brown Thomas and Venisha Brown.[2][51][52] Brown also had eight grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.[2][51] Brown's eldest son, Teddy, died in a car crash on 14 June 1973.[53]
.According to a 22 August 2007 article published in the British newspaper The Daily Telegraph, DNA tests indicate that Brown also fathered at least three illegitimate children.^ I lost my little baby boy [Stephen Abbott Brown, born August 22, 1851, and died December 22, 1853].

^ Stephen Abbott Brown, born, 22 August 1851.

^ In 1844, my father died, leaving mother with eight children, the oldest being fifteen years and the youngest three months.

.The only one of them who has been identified is LaRhonda Pettit (born 1962), a retired air stewardess and teacher who lives in Houston.^ I was the only one who had a pistol.

^ Apparently, only her daughter Cynthia Fife lived, who later married Joseph Layton.

^ After meeting was over I was asked to go and administer to one of our sisters who had previously lived at Morelos.

[54]

Brown-Hynie marriage controversy

Much controversy surrounds Tomi Rae Hynie's marriage to James Brown that occurred in December 2001, which was officiated by Rev. Larry Fryer.[55] Brown's longtime attorney, Albert "Buddy" Dallas, reported that the marriage between Brown and Hynie was not valid because Hynie was married at that time to Javed Ahmed, a Pakistani whom Hynie claimed married her for a Green Card in an immigration fraud. .Although Hynie stated that her marriage to Javed Ahmed was later annulled, the annulment for Hynie's 1997 marriage to Ahmed did not occur until April 2004.[55][56] In an interview on CNN with Larry King, Hynie produced a 2001 marriage certificate as proof of her marriage to James Brown, but she did not provide King with court records pointing to an annulment of her marriage to him or to Ahmed.^ Later, James Brown proposed marriage to her and she was married to him in 1846.

^ Sarah was not too happy living in polygamy, so after a few years she left Captain James Brown and later married Ithamar Sprague, an older man.

^ Esther Jones Roper Brown was married to James but had not married him in polygamy.

[57]
.According to Dallas, Brown was angry and hurt that Hynie concealed her prior marriage from him, and that Brown moved to file for annulment from Hynie.^ Later, James Brown proposed marriage to her and she was married to him in 1846.

[58] .Dallas added that, although Hynie's marriage to Javed Ahmed was annulled after she married James Brown, the Brown-Hynie marriage was not valid under South Carolina law because Brown and Hynie did not remarry after the annulment.^ She married James Brown 1845.

^ Later, James Brown proposed marriage to her and she was married to him in 1846.

^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[57][59] .In August 2003, Brown took out a full-page public notice in Variety Magazine featuring Hynie, James II and himself on vacation at Disney World to announce that he and Hynie were going their separate ways.^ When her daughter, Phebe Abigail was grown, James Brown took her as one of his wives.

^ I suggested to them that we separate; three going up the road and two on each side flanking the road, looking out for the Indians.

^ James Brown wrote to Abigail, one of his wives, dating the letter August 6, 1847 Salt Lake Valley.

[60][61]

Paternity of James Brown II

.In a separate CNN interview, Debra Opri, another Brown family attorney, revealed to Larry King that Brown wanted a DNA test performed after his death to confirm the paternity of James Brown II — not for Brown's sake, but for the sake of the other family members.^ After her husbands death she married James Brown on November 20, 1842 in Nauvoo, Illinois.

^ James Dunn gives this description of life in a large extended family household: "James Brown was not only a polygamist, but everything around him was built on a polygamist plan.

^ Stephen and James Brown were good friends and had entered into an agreement that if anything happened to one or the other, they would take care of the family that was left.

[62] .In April 2007, Hynie selected a guardian ad litem whom she wants appointed by the court to represent her son, James Brown II, in the paternity proceedings.^ They had five children of whom James was the second son.

^ She bore Captain James Brown five children, four daughters and one son, the same as she bore her first husband.

^ Abiel married Abigail Fenton, they had five children of whom James was the second son.

[63]

Legal issues

Brown's personal life was marred by several brushes with the law. .At the age of 16, he was arrested for theft and served 3 years in prison.^ The seeds of his notoriously fraught relationship with the law were sown at the age of 16 when he was arrested for breaking into cars, a crime for which he served nearly four years in corrective institutions.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Married 1 st : Martha Stephens Date: 2 Mar 1823, Rowan County, North Carolina [Age 16 years] Born: 12 Oct.

^ On October 16, he was taken ill, and on the nineteenth of October, 1843, he died, age 38 years.

.In 1988, Brown was arrested following an alleged high-speed car chase on Interstate 20 along the Georgia-South Carolina state border.^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

He was convicted of carrying an unlicensed pistol and assaulting a police officer, along with various drug-related and driving offenses. Although he was sentenced to six years in prison, he was eventually released in 1991 after serving only three years of his sentence. .Brown's FBI file, released to The Washington Post in 2007 under the Freedom of Information Act,[64] related Brown's claim that the high-speed chase did not occur as claimed by the police, and that local police shot at his car several times during an incident of police harassment and assaulted him after his arrest.^ When the sheriff was notified and went to arrest him, Jack reached for his pistol but the sheriff shot him all to pieces with a double-barreled shot gun; another incident of swift justice and retribution.

^ It was necessary for him to remain in bed for several weeks and he was fed gruel every few hours just a few spoonfuls at a time at first.

^ It was necessary for him to remain in bed for several weeks and he was fed gruel every few hours, just a few spoonsful at a time at first.

[65] Local authorities found no merit to Brown's accusations. .In another incident, the police were summoned to Brown's residence on July 3, 2000 after he was accused of charging an electric company repairman with a steak knife when the repairman visited Brown's house to investigate a complaint about having no lights at the residence.^ Transcribed Lane Brown, July 18, 2000.

^ Brown when he went thur there on the way to San Francisco in charge of the squad of Cavalry men from Company C. Mormon Battalion.

^ The final summons came while she was visiting her youngest daughter, Mrs. Abigail Zundell at Willard City, Box Elder County, Utah, July, 23, 1889.

[66]
In 2003, Brown was pardoned for past crimes that he was convicted of committing in South Carolina.[67] .In January 2005, a woman named Jacque Hollander filed a lawsuit against James Brown, which stemmed from an alleged 1988 forcible rape.^ On January 10, 1846, Sarah married James Brown, as his first polygamous wife, in Nauvoo, Illinois.

^ She married James Brown, 25 January 1841, in Adams County, Illinois, by Ezekiel Roberts.

^ Sarah divorced Samuel and married James Brown January 10, 1845 in Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois.

When the case was initially heard before a judge in 2002, Hollander's claims against Brown were dismissed by the court as the limitations period for filing the suit had expired. Hollander claimed that stress from the alleged assault later caused her to contract Graves' Disease, a thyroid condition. Hollander claimed that the incident took place in South Carolina while she was employed by Brown as a publicist.
Hollander alleged that, during her ride in a van with Brown, Brown pulled over to the side of the road and sexually assaulted her while he threatened her with a shotgun. In her case against Brown, Hollander entered as evidence a DNA sample and a polygraph result, but the evidence was not considered due to the limitations defense. Hollander later attempted to bring her case before the Supreme Court but nothing became of her complaint.[68]
During the 1990s and 2000s, Brown was repeatedly arrested for domestic violence. .Adrienne Rodriguez, his third wife, had him arrested four times between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s on charges of assault.^ She accepted and believed in this principle and probably did at one time sustain the relation of wife to him, but she insisted that it be the relation of wife and not concubine.

.In January 2004, Brown was arrested in South Carolina on a domestic violence charge after Tomi Rae Hynie accused him of pushing her to the floor during an argument at their home, where she suffered scratches and bruises to her right arm and hip.^ Further brushes with the law ensued in 1995 when he was arrested and charged with beating up his wife, Adrienne, at their home in Aiken, South Carolina, and in 1998 when he was charged with possession of cannabis and unlawful use of a firearm.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Later that year in June 2004, Brown pleaded no contest to the domestic violence incident, but served no jail time.^ Sarah was not too happy living in polygamy, so after a few years she left Captain James Brown and later married Ithamar Sprague, an older man.

Instead, Brown was required to forfeit a US$1,087 bond as punishment.[69]

Death and aftermath

Death

James Brown memorial in Augusta, Georgia
.On December 23, 2006, James Brown, in ill health, showed up at his dentist's office in Atlanta, Georgia several hours later than his appointment for dental implant work.^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

^ Sarah was not too happy living in polygamy, so after a few years she left Captain James Brown and later married Ithamar Sprague, an older man.

^ Mr Dynamite — James Brown was not a modest man, yet he more than earned the many colourful sobriquets with which he described himself over the years.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

During that visit, Brown's dentist observed that Brown looked "very bad ... weak and dazed." .Instead of performing the dental work, the dentist advised Brown to see a doctor right away about his medical condition.^ "I will live yet to perform the work that has been promised me I should; I will see this man buried and live many years."

[11]
.Brown checked in at the Emory Crawford Long Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia on December 24, 2006 for a medical evaluation of his condition, and he was admitted to the hospital for observation and treatment.^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ At 25th December 2006, James Brown took his last three long breaths and went away.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[70] According to Charles Bobbit, Brown's longtime personal manager and friend, Brown had been sick and suffering with a noisy cough since he returned from a November trip to Europe.[11] Bobbit also added that it was characteristic of Brown to never tell or complain to anyone that he was sick, and that Brown frequently performed during illness.[11] .Although Brown had to cancel upcoming shows in Waterbury, Connecticut and Englewood, New Jersey, Brown was confident that the doctor would discharge him from the hospital in time to perform the New Year's Eve shows.^ He had practically given his life for his religion as the doctors had told him that if he would go back to a warm climate, he would recover his health.

^ My mother saw me coming in a dream and said I would be there for New Years dinner.

.For the New Year's celebrations, Brown was scheduled to perform at the Count Basie Theatre in New Jersey and at the B. B. King Blues Club in New York, in addition to performing a song live on CNN for the Anderson Cooper New Year's Eve special.^ Sarah was not too happy living in polygamy, so after a few years she left Captain James Brown and later married Ithamar Sprague, an older man.

^ "I will live yet to perform the work that has been promised me I should; I will see this man buried and live many years."

^ He gave his last performances all the way to the end, and he was suppose to play at B.B King's Nightclub in New York the following week.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[70] However, Brown remained hospitalized, and his medical condition worsened throughout that day.
.On December 25, 2006, Brown died at approximately 1:45 AM EST (06:45 UTC) from congestive heart failure resulting from complications of pneumonia, with his agent Frank Copsidas and his friend Paul Sargent at his bedside.^ Brown was hospitalized with pneumonia and died on Christmas day 2006.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ I lost my little baby boy [Stephen Abbott Brown, born August 22, 1851, and died December 22, 1853].

[71] .According to Sargent, Brown uttered "I'm going away tonight", and then Brown took three long, quiet breaths before passing away.^ We decided we had better go down toward camp as the Mexican might have gone through the pass before we had arrived there.

^ The journey across the plains took about three months before she arrived in the Valley on September 19, 1847.

[3]

Memorial services

Public memorial for Brown at Harlem's Apollo Theater, 2006
.After Brown's death on Christmas day, Brown's relatives and friends, a host of celebrities and thousands of fans attended public memorial services at the Apollo Theater in New York on December 28, 2006 and at the James Brown Arena on December 30, 2006 in Augusta, Georgia.^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

^ He settled up his business affairs, and after visiting with this wifes family at Palmyra, New York, he said farewell to his friends and relatives and took his wife and children, by boat, down the Allegheny River, leaving April 14, 1837.

^ Abigail Smith went to Hornellsville, New York to visit Relatives of hers and here she lived in the family of James Abbott for sometime and a warm attachment between her and his son Stephen Joseph sprang up.

[51] .A separate, private memorial service was also held in North Augusta, South Carolina on December 29, 2006,[2] which was attended by Brown's family and close friends.^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ James Brown was born September 30, 1801 in Rowan County, North Carolina.

^ Stephen and James Brown were good friends and had entered into an agreement that if anything happened to one or the other, they would take care of the family that was left.

.Celebrities who attended Brown's public and/or private memorial services included Michael Jackson, Joe Frazier, Little Richard, Dick Gregory, MC Hammer, Prince, Jesse Jackson, Jerry Lee Lewis, Bootsy Collins, LL Cool J, Lenny Kravitz, 50 Cent, Stevie Wonder, and Don King, among others.^ A singer, dancer and entertainer supreme, Brown was long acknowledged as the leading influence on a subsequent generation of superstar hoofers, notably Michael Jackson, Hammer, Bobby Brown and Prince.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ They came to the attention of Little Richard’s manager, Clint Brantley, who secured a contract for them with Syd Nathan’s Cincinnati-based King record label.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Her husband, who was public spirited, had put a large portion of his property into the building of the Nauvoo Temple and other public buildings.

[72][73][74][75] All of the public and private memorial services were officiated by Rev. Al Sharpton.[76][77]
Brown's public and private memorial ceremonies were elaborate, complete with costume changes for Brown and videos featuring him in concert performances. .Brown's body, which was placed in a gold casket, was driven through the streets of New York to the Apollo Theater in a white, glass-encased horse-drawn carriage.^ This was the recording of a show at that most hallowed of New York venues on October 24, 1962, and its success underlined Brown’s phenomenal impact as a stage performer.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

[78][79] .In Augusta, Georgia, the procession for Brown's public memorial visited Brown's statue as the procession made its way to the James Brown Arena.^ In Abigails history it tells that James sent the necessary wagons and she, Abigail, made arrangements to send the Brown families remaining in Iowa to the Salt Lake Valley.

^ In a letter written on August 6, 1847 to one of his wives, Abigail Smith Abbott Brown, James asks her to visit and care for Esther.

^ One of Captain James Browns boys and I started and had to walk all the way, twenty-five miles, carrying my bundle.

.During the public memorial at the James Brown Arena, nachos and pretzels were served to mourners, as a video showed Brown's last performance in Augusta, Georgia and the Ray Charles version of "Georgia On My Mind" played soulfully in the background.^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ My husband, James Brown, was called on a mission for two years.

^ At 25th December 2006, James Brown took his last three long breaths and went away.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[80][81][82] Brown's last backup band, The Soul Generals, also played the music of Brown's hits during the memorial service at the James Brown Arena. .The group was joined by Bootsy Collins on bass, with MC Hammer performing a dance in James Brown style.^ In 1953 James Brown joined the Gospel Starlighters, a vocal quartet led by Bobby Byrd , after completing a four-year stint in prison for robbery.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ For a moment, the melody of L.A. Style's "James Brown Is Dead" floated in my mind (they released it 15 years ago, when the man was very much alive).
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ San Francisco Project 2 - Tribute To James Brown / The Scratch - The Bass (Cass, Promo, Red) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[83] Former Temptations lead singer Ali-Ollie Woodson performed "Walk Around Heaven All Day" at the memorial services.[84]

Last will and testament

.James Brown signed his last will and testament on August 1, 2000, before Strom Thurmond, Jr., an attorney for Brown's estate.^ Before leaving Nauvoo, Abigail married James Brown.

^ Copyright 2000 - 2008 by O. James Brown Klein .

^ April 17, 2000 Retyped with minor corrections for spelling and punctuation by Randy J. Thompson , great-great grandson of Sarah Studwell Wood Brown Sprague LeBaron Kelly Reed Lewis and Captain James Brown Jr. .

[85] .The irrevocable trust, separate and apart from Brown's will, was created on Brown's behalf in 2000 by his attorney, Albert "Buddy" Dallas, who was named as one of three personal representatives of Brown's estate.^ There were three other families who helped to colonize the area besides James Brown: Henry C. Shelton, Louis B. Myers, and George W. Thurnkill.

.Brown's will covered the disposition of his personal assets, such as clothing, cars and jewelry, while Brown's irrevocable trust covered the disposition of music rights, business assets of James Brown Enterprises and Brown's Beech Island estate in South Carolina.^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ James Brown was born September 30, 1801 in Rowan County, North Carolina.

^ RIP James Brown 1933-2006 PS: No James Brown = No Hip-Hop, Breakbeat, House, Disco, Funk, Modern Pop, and just Modern Music in general.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[86]
During the reading of Brown's will on January 11, 2007, Thurmond revealed that Brown's six adult living children (Terry Brown, Larry Brown, Daryl Brown, Yamma Brown Lumar, Deanna Brown Thomas and Venisha Brown) were named in the will. .Hynie and James II were not mentioned in the will as parties who could inherit Brown's property.^ Before James Brown could purchase the Goodyear Fort, a treaty with Mexico had to be resolved.

^ While there, she met Mr. Arthurmer or Ardemis Thomas Sprague, who was a blacksmith and had worked for James Brown.

^ There were three other families who helped to colonize the area besides James Brown: Henry C. Shelton, Louis B. Myers, and George W. Thurnkill.

[85][87] .Brown's will was signed ten months before James II was born and more than a year before Brown's marriage to Tomi Rae Hynie.^ In 1953 James Brown joined the Gospel Starlighters, a vocal quartet led by Bobby Byrd , after completing a four-year stint in prison for robbery.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ James Brown was born September 30, 1801 in Rowan County, North Carolina.

^ The relationship between Abigail and James was more of protector than that of a husband.

Like Brown's will, his irrevocable trust also did not mention Hynie and James II as recipients of Brown's property. The irrevocable trust was established and had not been amended since the birth of James II.[88]
On January 24, 2007, Brown's children filed a lawsuit against the personal representatives of Brown's estate. In their petition, Brown's children asked the court to remove the personal representatives of Brown's estate (including Brown's attorney and estate's trustee, Albert "Buddy" Dallas) and appoint a special administrator because of perceived impropriety and alleged mismanagement of Brown's assets.[89][90] To challenge the validity of the will and irrevocable trust, Hynie also filed a lawsuit against Brown's estate on January 31, 2007. In her lawsuit against Brown's estate, Hynie asked the court to recognize her as Brown's widow, and she also asked the court to appoint a special administrator for the estate.[91]

Burial at temporary site

.After the public and private memorial services in late December 2006, James Brown's body remained in his casket for a time in a temperature-controlled room at his estate.^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

^ Many friends and relatives came to her aid at the time of her sorrow, including James Brown.

^ In Abigails history it tells that James sent the necessary wagons and she, Abigail, made arrangements to send the Brown families remaining in Iowa to the Salt Lake Valley.

.Brown's casket was later moved to an undisclosed location, while his children and Tomi Rae Hynie became embroiled in disputes about Brown's final resting place and matters related to probating his will.^ They moved to Berlin, Huron County, (now Erie County) Ohio, about 1829 and later moved to LaHarpe, Hancock County, Illinois.

[92] .More than ten weeks after Brown's death and the public and private memorial services, Brown's children and Hynie decided on a temporary burial site for James Brown.^ Phoebe and James Brown had 3 children.

^ The relationship between Abigail and James was more of protector than that of a husband.

^ Children of Phoebe and Captain James Brown, all born at Ogden, Weber County, Utah are: .

.Brown was buried on March 10, 2007 in a crypt at the home of Deanna Brown Thomas, one of Brown's daughters who also held a private ceremony for the temporary burial.^ When her daughter, Phebe Abigail was grown, James Brown took her as one of his wives.

^ While there, she met Mr. Arthurmer or Ardemis Thomas Sprague, who was a blacksmith and had worked for James Brown.

^ She bore Captain James Brown five children, four daughters and one son, the same as she bore her first husband.

[93] .The private ceremony for the temporary burial, officiated by Al Sharpton, was attended by Brown's family and a host of friends.^ Stephen and James Brown were good friends and had entered into an agreement that if anything happened to one or the other, they would take care of the family that was left.

According to Brown's family, Brown's body will remain buried at the temporary site while a public mausoleum is built for him and a decision has been made for Brown's final resting place.[93][94] .To turn Brown's estate into a visitor attraction, Brown's family plans to consult with the family of Elvis Presley for guidance about converting the estate into an attraction similar to Graceland.^ James Dunn gives this description of life in a large extended family household: "James Brown was not only a polygamist, but everything around him was built on a polygamist plan.

^ Stephen and James Brown were good friends and had entered into an agreement that if anything happened to one or the other, they would take care of the family that was left.

^ Before he left for California, he was concerned about his families and wrote to Abigail Smith Abbott Brown.

[93][95]
.Dallas, Brown's long time attorney and one of the trustees for Brown's estate, did not attend the private service for the temporary burial.^ She accepted and believed in this principle and probably did at one time sustain the relation of wife and not concubine.

^ She accepted and believed in this principle and probably did at one time sustain the relation of wife to him, but she insisted that it be the relation of wife and not concubine.

He expressed his disapproval and disappointment with the temporary burial arrangement with the comment "Mr. Brown's not deserving of anyone's backyard." According to Dallas, the trustees for Brown's estate "had made arrangements for Brown to be laid to rest at no cost at a 'very prominent memorial garden in Augusta.'"[96]

Honors, awards and dedications

Life-sized bronze statue of James Brown on the 800 block of Broad Street in Augusta, Georgia
.James Brown received a variety of awards and honors throughout his lifetime and after his death.^ In 1850, Abigail received, from James Brown, a tract of land in the southern part of the city facing what is now Washington Avenue.

^ After her husbands death she married James Brown on November 20, 1842 in Nauvoo, Illinois.

^ During the winter, Abigail received $22.50 from Captain James Brown and Edward sent Emily some money.

At one city, fans voted to honor Brown by naming a bridge after the entertainer. In 1993, the City Council of Steamboat Springs, Colorado conducted a poll of its residents to choose a new name for the bridge that crossed the Yampa River on Shield Drive. .The winning name with 7,717 votes was "James Brown SoulCenter of the Universe Bridge". The bridge was officially dedicated in September 1993, and James Brown appeared at the ribbon-cutting ceremony for the event.^ James Brown, 19 September 1861, in the Salt Lake Endowment House.

^ She married James Brown, 17 September 1859.

^ James Brown was born September 30, 1801 in Rowan County, North Carolina.

[97] Although a petition was started by a local group of ranchers to return the name of the bridge to "Stockbridge" for historical reasons, the ranchers backed off after citizens defeated their efforts because of the popularity of Brown's name. Brown returned to Steamboat Springs, Colorado on July 4, 2002 for an outdoor music festival, performing with other bands such as the String Cheese Incident.[98]
.During his long career, James Brown received several prestigious music industry awards and honors.^ In a letter written on August 6, 1847 to one of his wives, Abigail Smith Abbott Brown, James asks her to visit and care for Esther.

^ Stephen and James Brown were good friends and had entered into an agreement that if anything happened to one or the other, they would take care of the family that was left.

^ During the winter Abigail received $22.50 from Captain James Brown, sent to her from Santa Fe, New Mexico, and Edward Bunker sent his wife some money.

.In 1983, Brown was inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame.^ James Brown 16 July 1846, at Council Bluffs, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, on the day he was inducted into the Mormon Battalion.

In addition, Brown was named as one of the first inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at its inaugural induction dinner in New York on January 23, 1986. However, the members of his original vocal group, The Famous Flames, Bobby Byrd, Johnny Terry, Bobby Bennett, and Lloyd Stallworth, were not. On February 25, 1992, Brown was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 34th annual Grammy Awards. .Exactly a year later, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 4th annual Rhythm & Blues Foundation Pioneer Awards.^ James Brown receives a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 34th annual Grammy Awards.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ He is about so much more then his "Best Of" compilation so go out and buy his classic albums and get FUNKY with the SOUL POWER! Receiving a Lifetime Achievement Award is not enough to express what "The Godfather Of Soul" have done for the world of music.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[99] .A ceremony was held for Brown on January 10, 1997 to honor him with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.^ On January 10, 1846, Sarah married James Brown, as his first polygamous wife, in Nauvoo, Illinois.

^ Sarah divorced Samuel and married James Brown January 10, 1845 in Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois.

[99]
.On June 15, 2000, Brown was honored as an inductee for the New York Songwriters Hall of Fame.^ Inducted into Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2000.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Samuel Wood, was born in 1807, in Auburn, New York, married Sarah Studwell, on 15 July 1832 in Berlin, Huron County, Ohio.

.On November 14, 2006, Brown was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame, and he was one of several inductees who performed at the ceremony.^ Stephen and James Brown were good friends and had entered into an agreement that if anything happened to one or the other, they would take care of the family that was left.

^ James Brown 16 July 1846, at Council Bluffs, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, on the day he was inducted into the Mormon Battalion.

[100] .In recognition of his accomplishments as an entertainer, Brown was a recipient of Kennedy Center Honors on December 7, 2003.[99] In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked James Brown as #7 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

^ At 25th December 2006, James Brown took his last three long breaths and went away.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Children of Phoebe and Captain James Brown, all born at Ogden, Weber County, Utah are: .

[101]
Brown was also honored in his hometown of Augusta, Georgia for his philanthropy and civic activities. .On November 20, 1993, Mayor Charles DeVaney of Augusta held a ceremony to dedicate a section of 9th Street between Broad and Twiggs Streets, renamed "James Brown Boulevard", in the entertainer's honor.^ She married James Brown 20 November 1842, at Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois.

^ After her husbands death she married James Brown on November 20, 1842 in Nauvoo, Illinois.

^ James Brown and others, are held in grateful remembrance for their kindness.

[99] .On May 6, 2005, as a 72nd birthday present for Brown, the city of Augusta unveiled a life-sized bronze James Brown statue on Broad Street.^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

^ In 1850, Abigail received, from James Brown, a tract of land in the southern part of the city facing what is now Washington Avenue.

[99] The statue was to have been dedicated a year earlier, but the ceremony was put on hold because of a domestic abuse charge that Brown faced at the time.[102] In 2005, Charles "Champ" Walker and the We Feel Good Committee went before the County commission and received apporoval to change Augusta's slogan to "We Feel Good". Afterwards, Official renamed the city's civic center the James Brown Arena, and James Brown attended a ceremony for the unveiling of the namesake center on October 15, 2006.[99]
On December 30, 2006, during the public memorial service at the James Brown Arena, Dr. Shirley A.R. Lewis, president of Paine College, a historically black college in Augusta, Georgia, bestowed posthumously upon Brown an honorary doctorate in recognition and honor of his many contributions to the school in times of its need. Brown was scheduled originally to receive the honorary doctorate from Paine College during its May 2007 commencement.[103][104]
.During the 49th Annual Grammy Awards presentation held on February 11, 2007, James Brown's famous cape was draped over a microphone at the end of a montage by Danny Ray (his M.C. for over 30 years), in honor of notable persons in the music industry, including Brown, who died during the previous year.^ [Pheobe was 32 years old when Captain James Brown died.

^ James Brown was born September 30, 1801 in Rowan County, North Carolina.

^ She lived to be nearly ninety years old, beloved by all who knew her for her sweet personality, generosity, unselfishness and kindness.

.Earlier that evening, Christina Aguilera delivered an impassioned performance of one of Brown's hits, "It's a Man's Man's Man's World" followed by a stading ovation, while Chris Brown performed a dance routine in honor of James Brown.^ As one of the most influential African-American performer ever, James Brown laid a foundation for the Funky/Soul groove that earned him the nicknames - The Godfather Of Soul, Hardest Working Man In Show Biz, Mr. Dynamite, and Soul Brother Number One!
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ When her daughter, Phebe Abigail was grown, James Brown took her as one of his wives.

^ Sarah was not too happy living in polygamy, so after a few years she left Captain James Brown and later married Ithamar Sprague, an older man.

[105]

Tributes

.As a tribute to James Brown, the Rolling Stones covered the song, "I'll Go Crazy" from Brown's Live at the Apollo album, during its 2007 European tour.^ James Brown and lived in Ogden, Utah.

^ Sarah was not too happy living in polygamy, so after a few years she left Captain James Brown and later married Ithamar Sprague, an older man.

^ He, along with George Miller, Lyman Wight and James Brown, was called by the Prophet to go on a temporal mission to gather funds for the construction of the Nauvoo Temple.

.On September 12, 2007, barely nine months after James Brown's death, Bobby Byrd, the original leader and founder of The Famous Flames vocal group along with Brown, died of cancer at 73 years old.^ [Pheobe was 32 years old when Captain James Brown died.

^ He died September 30, 1863, when she was 32 years old.

^ In 1954 he co-opted a group called the Gospel Starlighters led by a singer and pianist friend, Bobby Byrd, and converted them into his own group James Brown and the Famous Flames.
  • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

[106]
.On December 22, 2007, the first annual "Tribute Fit For the King of King Records" in honor of James Brown was held at the Madison Theater in Covington, Kentucky.^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

^ I lost my little baby boy [Stephen Abbott Brown, born August 22, 1851, and died December 22, 1853].

^ At 25th December 2006, James Brown took his last three long breaths and went away.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

.The tribute, organized by Bootsy Collins, featured appearances by Afrika Bambaataa, Chuck D of Public Enemy, The Soul Generals, Buckethead, Freekbass, Triage and many of Brown's surviving family members.^ Perhaps all of the prominent church organizations contain names of members of this family.

Comedian Michael Coyer was the emcee for the event. .During the show, the mayor of Cincinnati proclaimed December 22 as James Brown Day.^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

^ I lost my little baby boy [Stephen Abbott Brown, born August 22, 1851, and died December 22, 1853].

^ Before the Browns left Nauvoo, they received their endowments in the temple on December 22, 1845.

[107] It has been said that a biopic is in the works about Brown; Spike Lee has signed on to direct, with Brian Grazer producing and Jez and John-Henry Butterworth writing the script. Usher and Fergie are interested in being in the project.[citation needed]

Discography

Notable albums

Four of James Brown's albums appeared on the Rolling Stone Magazine's 2003 list of the 500 greatest albums of all time:[108]
.In addition, Brown's 1970 double album Sex Machine was ranked 96th in a 2005 survey held by British television station Channel 4 to determine the 100 greatest albums of all time.^ On the news, they talked about the "godfather of soul" without mentioning that he was also one of the greatest funk figures of all times ("I Feel Good", "Papa's Got A Brand New Bag" and "Sex Machine" are all good examples).
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ The Payback, the most successful of James Brown's Seventies albums—many of which were double-LPs with lengthy, extended tracks—makes its debut on Billboard's album chart.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ All-Time Greatest Hits!
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

[109] Other notable albums, originally released as double LP records, feature extensive playing by The J.B.'s and served as prolific sources of samples for later musical artists, including:
The 1968 Live at the Apollo, Vol. .II double LP album was notably influential on musicians at the time of its release.^ The Payback, the most successful of James Brown's Seventies albums—many of which were double-LPs with lengthy, extended tracks—makes its debut on Billboard's album chart.
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Jam II Disco Fever (LP, Album, Promo) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Everybody's Doin' The Hustle & Dead On The Double Bump (LP, Album) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

This classic album remains an example of Brown's energetic live performances and audience interaction, as well as providing a means of documenting the metamorphosis of his music from the R&B and soul styles into hard funk.

Notable singles

Until the early 1970s, Brown was famous mostly for his road show and singles, rather than his albums (with his live LPs as a major exception). Six of his hit singles appeared on the Rolling Stone Magazine's 2004 list of the 500 greatest songs of all time:[110]

Complete singles reissue

In 2006, Hip-O Select Records began a multi-volume reissue of James Brown's complete singles (both A-sides and B-sides) on CD. .As of April 2009, seven volumes have been released: The Federal Years: 1956-1960, The Singles: 1960-1963, The Singles: 1964-1965, The Singles: 1966-1967, The Singles: 1967-1969, The Singles: 1969-1970, and The Singles: 1970-1972.^ The Soul Years 1966-1999 Volume 2 1970-1971 Blues & Soul (CD, Comp) .
  • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

Filmography

References

Footnotes
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  2. ^ a b c d May the works I have done speak for me ... James Brown. (December 29, 2006). Carpentersville Baptist Church, North Augusta, SC (obituary program for the Brown family's private memorial service). Retrieved January 10, 2007 (Adobe Acrobat Reader required for viewing).
  3. ^ a b James Brown, the "Godfather of Soul," dies at 73. (2006, December 25). CNN Entertainment News. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
  4. ^ Pareles, J. (2006, December 26). James Brown, the "Godfather of Soul" dies at 73. The New York Times. Retrieved January 31, 2007.
  5. ^ Chuck Brown. (2000). Washington Area Music Association. Retrieved January 28, 2007.
  6. ^ "James Brown Genealogy". http://genealogy.about.com/od/aframertrees/p/james_brown.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-06. 
  7. ^ JONATHAN LETHEM (2009). [http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/10533775/cover_story_being_james_brown/3 "Being James Brown The Godfather of Soul invented funk, befriended presidents and laid the foundations of rap. He did it by defying the laws of space and time. Inside the private world of the baddest man who ever lived"]. Rolling Stone Magazine. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/10533775/cover_story_being_james_brown/3. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
  8. ^ Contact Music (2004). "James Brown — James Brown's Indian Heritage". Contact Music. http://www.contactmusic.com/new/xmlfeed.nsf/mndwebpages/james%20brown.s%20indian%20heritage. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
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  90. ^ Emergency petition for termination of appointment and removal of personal representatives and for emergency order restraining all personal representatives. In the matter of James Brown, a/k/a James Joseph Brown. Case/Estate No. 2007-ES02-0056 (S.C. Probate Ct., filed January 24, 2007). Retrieved January 28, 2007 (Adobe Acrobat Reader required for viewing).
  91. ^ Emergency petition for appointment of special administrator. In re estate of James Brown a/k/a James Joseph Brown, deceased, Case No. 2007-CP-02-0122 (S.C. Cir. Ct., filed January 31, 2007). FindLaw. Retrieved March 21, 2007.
  92. ^ Deal reached on James Brown's burial place: Judge appoints administrator to oversee "Godfather of Soul's" property and trust. (2007, February 20). CBS News: The Show Buzz. Retrieved March 10, 2007.
  93. ^ a b c Grossberg, J. (2007, March 13). Brown laid to rest (finally). E! Online. Retrieved April 14, 2007.
  94. ^ James Brown laid to rest in temporary tomb. (2007, March 10). CNN Entertainment News. Retrieved March 10, 2007.
  95. ^ Godfather of Soul's body moved from home. CBC (iraq). Retrieved January 21, 2007.
  96. ^ Goggins, K.A. (2007, March 11). James Brown placed in daughter's crypt, for now. The Washington Post, p. D03. Retrieved March 14, 2007.
  97. ^ Crowl, D. (2002, June 29). The godfather's bridge: James Brown snatched a piece of steamboat history nine years ago. Steamboat Pilot & Today. Retrieved January 12, 2007.
  98. ^ The String Cheese Independence Incident returns to Steamboat: Earl Scruggs and Family and Friends, Yonder Mountain String Band, James Brown & Corey Harris round out music acts. (2002, June 26). Steamboat Ski Two, U.S.A. Retrieved January 29, 2007.
  99. ^ a b c d e f The James Brown review. (2006, December 30). The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved January 12, 2007.
  100. ^ UK Music Hall of Fame 2006. (2006, March 11). Endemol UK Plc. Retrieved January 12, 2007.
  101. ^ Rubin, R. (2004, April 15). The Immortals: The first fifty – 7) James Brown. Rolling Stone Magazine (issue 946). Retrieved January 10, 2007.
  102. ^ James Brown's legal troubles delay statue unveiling. (2004, May 1). The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved January 14, 2007 from the Lexis-Nexis Academic database.
  103. ^ Remembering James Brown: Augusta memorial memorable. WKBF-TV (Augusta, Georgia). Retrieved January 10, 2007.
  104. ^ James Brown receives posthumous degree. (2007, January 2). Diverse: Issues In Higher Education. Retrieved March 16, 2007.
  105. ^ Hasty, J. (2007, February 12). Grammy performances look forward and back. Billboard Magazine. Retrieved February 12, 2007.
  106. ^ Rolling Stones show they are still greatest rock band. (2007, August 22). The Arizona Republic. Retrieved August 24, 2007.
  107. ^ Tunis, W. (2007, December 21). Feel good again: Show to pay tribute to the Godfather of Soul, a year after his death. Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved December 23, 2005.
  108. ^ The RS 500 greatest albums of all time. (2003, November). Rolling Stone Magazine. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
  109. ^ The 100 greatest albums: Results. Channel 4 (UK). Retrieved January 30, 2007.
  110. ^ The RS 500 greatest songs of all time. (2004, November). Rolling Stone Magazine. Retrieved January 27, 2007.
Other references
  • Sussman, M. (producer). (2006, December 25). .Arts: Soul classics by James Brown (multimedia presentation).^ James Brown Soul Classics (2xLP) .
    • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ James Brown records "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag," a revolutionary single that ushers in a whole new era of soul music.
    • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ James Brown Sings Raw Soul (LP, Album) .
    • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

    The New York Times. .Retrieved January 9, 2007.
  • Slide show: James Brown through the years. (2006, December 25).^ In 1953 James Brown joined the Gospel Starlighters, a vocal quartet led by Bobby Byrd , after completing a four-year stint in prison for robbery.
    • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Real Name: James Joe Brown, Jr. Profile: *3 May 1933 near Barnwell, South Carolina, USA †25 December 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA James Brown was raised in poverty in Augusta, Georgia.
    • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ James Brown, 26 December 1854, at Salt Lake City, Utah by President Brigham Young in his office.

    The New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2007.
  • Lethem, J. (2006, June 12). Being James Brown. Rolling Stone Magazine. .Retrieved January 14, 2007.
  • Rolling Stone Magazine audio interview with Jonathan Lethem about James Brown and his music. Rolling Stone Magazine.^ Her husband, James Smith, was a native of Norwalk, Connecticut, born January 14, 1777, and died at Bedord, Michigan, August 26, 1857.

    ^ On January 10, 1846, Sarah married James Brown, as his first polygamous wife, in Nauvoo, Illinois.

    ^ James Brown records "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag," a revolutionary single that ushers in a whole new era of soul music.
    • James Brown Discography at Discogs 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.discogs.com [Source type: General]

    Retrieved January 9, 2007.
  • Sullivan, James (2008). .The Hardest Working Man: How James Brown Saved the Soul of America.^ Sarah was not too happy living in polygamy, so after a few years she left Captain James Brown and later married Ithamar Sprague, an older man.

    ^ While there, she met Mr. Arthurmer or Ardemis Thomas Sprague, who was a blacksmith and had worked for James Brown.

    New York: Gotham Books. ISBN 978-1-592-40390-5. http://www.amazon.com/Hardest-Working-Man-James-America/dp/1592403905/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qisbn=1224096080&sr=1-2.
     

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

James Brown in concert (2005)
.James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933December 25, 2006), commonly referred to as "The Godfather of Soul" and "The Hardest Working Man in Show Business", was an American entertainer recognized as one of the most influential figures in 20th century popular music.^ James Brown - Godfather of Soul, ) official site of James Brown .

^ JAMES BROWN DAY - DECEMBER 25TH!!!
  • SOUL STRUT - CRATE DIGGING DJ & (un)POPULAR CULTURE 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.soulstrut.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And, probably most influential of all was James Browns dedication to putting all his songs on the one.
  • Julian Cope presents Head Heritage | Unsung | Album of the Month | James Brown - The Payback 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.headheritage.co.uk [Source type: General]

.He was renowned for his shouting vocals, feverish dancing and unique rhythmic style.^ James Brown was renowned for his shouting vocals, feverish dancing and unique rhythmic style.

^ He was renowned for his shouting vocals, feverish dancing and unique rhythmic style.
  • James Brown biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (music: Godfather of Soul) 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: General]
  • James Brown Biography 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.monstersandcritics.com [Source type: General]

^ He is recognized as one of the most influential figures in 20th century popular music and was renowned for his vocals and feverish dancing.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - James Brown - Biography 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

Sourced

.
  • A colored is a very frightened-to-death Afro-American.^ The bill featured black American acts and new "British invasion" groups unduly influenced by these very Afro-American musicians.
    • James Brown - Obituaries, News - The Independent 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

    A Negro is one that makes it in the system, and he wants to be white. A nigger, he's loud and boisterous, wants to be seen. Nobody likes a nigger. A black man has pride. .He wants to build, he wants to make his race mean something.^ James said he had watched Durant go to his right all night and wanted to make him try something new.
    • Gibson's 3, James' D gives Cavs' win over Thunder - NBA - Yahoo! Sports 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC sports.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I want you to bring all the means for making bread in your power, also flour and meal, as I may want to help you eat it when you come.

    ^ I want you to bring all the means for making bread in your power also flour and meal as I may want to help you eat it when you come.

    Wants to have a culture and art forms. And he's not prejudiced. I am a black American man. .Now you go ahead and print it.^ He said, "I think you had better not go just now."

    ^ Virginia Tilley What Are You Going to Do Now, Israel?
    • Peter Stone Brown: James Brown, Please Don't Go 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: General]

    .
    • On personal identity (1982) — as quoted in "Funk's founding father," Rolling Stone Magazine, 2007-01-10
  • I'm the most sampled and stolen.^ Rolling Stone or PEOPLE magazines.
    • James Brown, 1933-2006 - WFMU's Beware of the Blog 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC blog.wfmu.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Rolling Stone Magazine (issue 946).
    • Radio Swiss Jazz - James Brown - Biography 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

    ^ He was one of the initial artists inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986, along with Presley, Chuck Berry and other founding fathers.
    • James Brown 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC gone-hollywood.com [Source type: General]
    • FOXNews.com - 'Godfather of Soul' Singer James Brown Dead at 73 - Celebrity Gossip | Entertainment News | Arts And Entertainment 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: General]
    • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 | Billboard.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.billboard.com [Source type: General]

    What's mine is mine, and what's yours is mine, too ... I got a song about that ... .But I'm never gonna release it.^ "But I'm never gonna release it.
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]

    .Don't want a war with the rappers.^ Don't want a war with the rappers.
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Music - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]

    .If it wasn't good, they wouldn't steal it.^ If it wasn't good, they wouldn't steal it."
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Music - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • "Being James Brown," Rolling Stone Magazine, 2006-06-12
  • I would warn against anyone marrying a person with more than a ten-year age difference.^ James E. Brown 2006 WI 100 .
    • State v. James E. Brown 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.wicourts.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Stoned to the Bone - James Brown 11.
    • James Brown: 50th Anniversary Collection, JB's, James Brown Apollo Viewing, Maceo Parker, Lyn Collins, Bobby Byrd, Appllo, Hank Ballard, Fred Wesley, Marva Whitney, Bootsy Collins FUNK BROTHERS 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.soul-patrol.com [Source type: General]

    ^ James Brown was scheduled to perform before the Rolling Stones.
    • James Brown - Obituaries, News - The Independent 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.independent.co.uk [Source type: News]

    It almost never works. .It is difficult to find things to talk about, to use similar reference points, and to operate at the same speed of life.^ Those things will do to talk about and think about, when we have nothing else to employ our minds.

    ^ I was talking to a friend who comes from an engineering background, and he was talking about the mix of old and new technology that they used.
    • The 'Other James Brown' 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC blogs.msdn.com [Source type: General]
    • The 'Other James Brown' 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC blogs.msdn.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Those things will do to talk about and think about when we have nothing else to do to employ our minds.

    .Another problem is that both sides usually don't want the same things at the same time.^ When I came back a minute later he was gone, on stage doing his thing with singer GINUWINE. Off stage he left through another way...and that was the one time for me.

    • Brown, J. & Eliot, M. (2005). .I Feel Good: A Memoir of a Life of Soul , pp.^ By the time I got to hear 'Please, Please, Please' and 'I Feel Good' , I was a fan for life."
      • Tribute To James Brown, 2006 - JAMES BROWN 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.soulmusic.com [Source type: General]

      ^ New 2005: James Brown: I Feel Good: A Memoir of a Life of Soul.

      ^ I Feel Good: A Memoir of a Life Soul .
      • Radio Swiss Jazz - James Brown - Biography 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

      247-.248. New American Library: New York.^ New York: New American Library.
      • Radio Swiss Jazz - James Brown - Biography 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

      .ISBN 0-45121-393-9
  • This is an issue couples have to be straight on and agree on before they walk down that aisle; otherwise there is no way their marriage will survive.^ This Movie is so funny Common Sense got this all wrong there is one scene when bill's mom leans over for a second and they look down her shirt.

    ^ We decided we had better go down toward camp as the Mexican might have gone through the pass before we had arrived there.

    ^ Citizens have little choice in the government services they consume, unlike with a more traditional business where there is a wide choice of competing products and ways of purchasing them.
    • The 'Other James Brown' 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC blogs.msdn.com [Source type: General]
    • The 'Other James Brown' 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC blogs.msdn.com [Source type: General]

    • On having children — as quoted in Brown, J. & Eliot, M. (2005). .I Feel Good: A Memoir of a Life of Soul, p.^ New 2005: James Brown: I Feel Good: A Memoir of a Life of Soul.

      ^ Feel good again: Show to pay tribute to the Godfather of Soul, a year after his death.
      • Radio Swiss Jazz - James Brown - Biography 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

      ^ I Feel Good : A Memoir of a Life of Soul.
      • James Brown biography, information, news, links, pictures (pics) and products (music: Godfather of Soul) 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.popstarsplus.com [Source type: General]

      .248. New American Library: New York.^ New York: New American Library.
      • Radio Swiss Jazz - James Brown - Biography 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

      .ISBN 0-45121-393-9
  • To make it in life, you and your wife need to be in the same business.^ Our Favorite Angel DAD By: Judy Burnette Dad...so many images come to mind whenever I speak your name; It seems without you in my life things have never been the same.

    ^ Bachelors, do you need simple-to-make recipes?
    • The Night James Brown Saved Boston | SPIKE 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It's a beautiful song that might make you heart wrenchingly flash back to homeless souls or runaways you may see in your travels or in your own neighborhood.
    • MusicLoad | MusicLoad.Com Exclusive Photos | Free MP3MusicLoad Downloads | MusicLoad 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC musicload.com [Source type: General]

    That has been my problem all along. .My wives didn't know what I was doing.^ I didn't know I was doing a solo on TV until he waved me out front."
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Music - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC uk.real.com [Source type: General]
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]
    • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]

    I would come back home from the road to a stranger. That's no good.
    • Brown, J. & Tucker, B. (2003). .James Brown: The Godfather of Soul, p.^ 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 .
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 | Billboard.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.billboard.com [Source type: General]
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 @ Top40-Charts.com - 40 Top 20 & Top 40 Music Charts from 25 Countries 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC top40-charts.com [Source type: General]

      ^ James Brown The CD Of JB (Sex Machine & Other Soul Classics) 1985 Polydor   Detalles del álbum .
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC es.real.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Labels: covers , femme funk , int'l , james brown , soul crates , soul/funk .
      • soul sides 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC soul-sides.com [Source type: General]

      .266. Thunder's Mouth Press: New York.^ Press Reports: New York Tribune - 03 October 1888 .
      • Casebook: Jack the Ripper - James Brown 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.casebook.org [Source type: News]

      ^ Press Reports: New York Times - 1 October 1888 .
      • Casebook: Jack the Ripper - James Brown 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.casebook.org [Source type: News]

      ISBN 1-56025-388-6
  • Hair is the first thing. And teeth the second. Hair and teeth. A man got those two things he's got it all.
    • Brown, J. & Tucker, B.B. (1986). .James Brown: The Godfather of Soul.^ James Brown - Godfather of Soul, ) official site of James Brown .

      ^ 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 .
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 | Billboard.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.billboard.com [Source type: General]
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 @ Top40-Charts.com - 40 Top 20 & Top 40 Music Charts from 25 Countries 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC top40-charts.com [Source type: General]

      ^ James Brown The CD Of JB (Sex Machine & Other Soul Classics) 1985 Polydor   Detalles del álbum .
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC es.real.com [Source type: General]

      Macmillan: New York. .ISBN 0-02517-430-4
  • It doesn't matter how you travel it, it's the same road.^ "It doesn't matter how you travel it, it's the same road.
    • James Brown's Jukebox 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I cannot find a video of Brown doing “How Do You Stop?” on You Tube, but there are lots of him doing “Living in America” from the same time.

    ^ There is some duplication in material, but it hardly matters, because when you're being plowed over again and again by a steamroller it probably isn't too important whether it's the same steamroller or not.
    • James Brown Album - Ask.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

    .It doesn't get any easier when you get bigger, it gets harder.^ It doesn't get any easier when you get bigger, it gets harder.
    • James Brown's Jukebox 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .And it will kill you if you let it."^ And it will kill you if you let it."
    • James Brown's Jukebox 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Brown, J. & Tucker, B.B. (1986). .James Brown: The Godfather of Soul.^ James Brown - Godfather of Soul, ) official site of James Brown .

      ^ 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 .
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 | Billboard.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.billboard.com [Source type: General]
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 @ Top40-Charts.com - 40 Top 20 & Top 40 Music Charts from 25 Countries 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC top40-charts.com [Source type: General]

      ^ James Brown The CD Of JB (Sex Machine & Other Soul Classics) 1985 Polydor   Detalles del álbum .
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC es.real.com [Source type: General]

      Macmillan: New York. .ISBN 0-02517-430-4
  • Sometimes you struggle so hard to feed your family one way, you forget to feed them the other way, with spiritual nourishment.^ If you are focused on one, you are not doing the other.

    ^ God bless you and God bless your family."
    • Hour.ca - Music - James Brown 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.hour.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ I also wish to give you some instruction in relation to your movements and in relation to your family.

    Everybody needs that.
    • Brown, J. & Tucker, B.B. (1986). .James Brown: The Godfather of Soul.^ James Brown - Godfather of Soul, ) official site of James Brown .

      ^ 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 .
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 | Billboard.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.billboard.com [Source type: General]
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 @ Top40-Charts.com - 40 Top 20 & Top 40 Music Charts from 25 Countries 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC top40-charts.com [Source type: General]

      ^ James Brown The CD Of JB (Sex Machine & Other Soul Classics) 1985 Polydor   Detalles del álbum .
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC es.real.com [Source type: General]

      Macmillan: New York. .ISBN 0-02517-430-4
  • When I'm on stage, I'm trying to do one thing: bring people joy.^ When I came back a minute later he was gone, on stage doing his thing with singer GINUWINE. Off stage he left through another way...and that was the one time for me.

    ^ "When I'm on stage, I'm trying to do one thing: bring people joy.
    • James Brown's Jukebox 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Just like church does.^ Just like church does.
    • James Brown's Jukebox 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .People don't go to church to find trouble, they go there to lose it.^ People don't go to church to find trouble, they go there to lose it."
    • James Brown's Jukebox 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "There are their tracks, fresh on the trail; they are going to lay for us."

    ^ I told them if there was going to be any hanging done they would have to hang me first; that I would put a bullet through the first man who laid hands on the Mexican.

    • Brown, J. & Tucker, B.B. (1986). .James Brown: The Godfather of Soul.^ James Brown - Godfather of Soul, ) official site of James Brown .

      ^ 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 .
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 | Billboard.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.billboard.com [Source type: General]
      • 'Godfather Of Soul' James Brown Dies At 73 @ Top40-Charts.com - 40 Top 20 & Top 40 Music Charts from 25 Countries 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC top40-charts.com [Source type: General]

      ^ James Brown The CD Of JB (Sex Machine & Other Soul Classics) 1985 Polydor   Detalles del álbum .
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC spain.real.com [Source type: General]
      • James Brown - Soul / R&B - Música - www.real.com 8 January 2010 1:01 UTC es.real.com [Source type: General]

      Macmillan: New York. ISBN 0-02517-430-4
  • Don't terrorize. Organize. Don't burn. Give kids a chance to learn ... The real answer to race problems in this country is education. Not burning and killing. Be ready. Be qualified. Own something. Be somebody. That's Black Power. .
  • I'm going away tonight.^ According to Bobbit, Brown uttered "I'm going away tonight", and then Brown took three long, quiet breaths before passing away.
    • Radio Swiss Jazz - James Brown - Biography 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: General]

    ^ An ally of successive US presidents and a confrère of black power leaders, his influence in the community was such that his TV appeals for calm after the assassination of Dr Martin Luther King in 1968 played a vital part in defusing a potentially explosive situation on the streets of America’s inner cities.
    • James Brown | Times Online Obituary 25 January 2010 16:44 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ A year later, he stopped an unruly crowd from inciting a riot shortly after the death of Martin Luther King, Jr. Boston.

    • Last words as quoted by James Brown to Charles Bobbit, his longtime personal manager, just minutes before death on December 25, 2006

External links

Wikipedia
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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

James Brown is the name of:
James Brown (1777-1834):   
•JamesBrown:   

Comparison

Person Birth Death Father Mother Spouse
James Brown (1777-1834) Valley, Hunterdon, New Jersey Trenton, Burlington, New Jersey John Brown (1750-1817) Nancy Badgley (1754-1830) Mary Lyon (1776-1850)
JamesBrown Ireland Bridget Durkin (McManus)
Facts about James BrownRDF feed

This article uses material from the "James Brown" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

File:James Brown
James Brown in 2001

James Brown (May 3, 1933 - December 25, 2006) was an American R&B and funk singer. He was known as the "Godfather of Soul", not to be confused with Marlon Brando's character in the movie The Godfather. He was born in Barnwell, South Carolina.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 25, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on James Brown, which are similar to those in the above article.








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