James Hardy Wilkinson  



Born 
September 27, 1919 Strood, England 
Died 
October 5, 1986 (aged 67) Teddington, England 
Nationality  English 
Fields  Numerical Analysis 
Institutions  National Physical Laboratory 
Notable awards  Turing Award 
James Hardy Wilkinson (27 September 1919 – 5 October 1986) was a prominent figure in the field of numerical analysis, a field at the boundary of applied mathematics and computer science particularly useful to physics and engineering.
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Born in Strood, England, he attended the Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School in Rochester. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated top of the class.
Taking up war work in 1940, he began working on ballistics but transferred to the National Physical Laboratory in 1946, where he worked with Alan Turing on the ACE computer project.
Later, Wilkinson's interests took him into the numerical analysis field, where he discovered many significant algorithms.
He received the Turing Award in 1970 "for his research in numerical analysis to facilitate the use of the highspeed digital computer, having received special recognition for his work in computations in linear algebra and 'backward' error analysis." In the same year, he also gave the John von Neumann Lecture at the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
The J. H. Wilkinson Prize for Numerical Software is named in his honour.
He married Heather Ware in 1945. They had a son.
James Hardy Wilkinson (27 September 1919 – 5 October 1986) was a prominent figure in the field of numerical analysis, a field at the boundary of applied mathematics and computer science particularly useful to physics and engineering. He worked with Alan Turing at the National Physical Laboratory in the early days of the development of electronic computers (1946–1948). In 1970 he received the Turing Award "for his research in numerical analysis to facilitate the use of the highspeed digital computer, having received special recognition for his work in computations in linear algebra and 'backward' error analysis."
