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James Hillhouse


In office
December 6, 1796 – June 10, 1810
Preceded by Oliver Ellsworth
Succeeded by Samuel W. Dana

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's At-Large district
In office
March 4, 1791 – December 5, 1796
Preceded by Benjamin Huntington
Succeeded by James Davenport

In office
1780 – 1785

Born October 20, 1754
Montville, Connecticut
Died December 29, 1832
New Haven, Connecticut
Resting place Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven, Connecticut
Political party Federalist
Alma mater Yale University

James Hillhouse (October 20, 1754 – December 29, 1832) was an American lawyer, real estate developer, and politician from New Haven, Connecticut. He represented Connecticut in both the U.S. House and Senate. Hillhouse is responsible for much of the current look of New Haven, and was for many years the treasurer of Yale University.

James was born in Montville, Connecticut, the son of William Hillhouse, and adopted by his childless uncle and aunt, James Abraham and Mary Lucas Hillhouse. He graduated from Yale in 1773 and was admitted to the bar in 1775. He became a captain in Governor's Foot Guards of the militia in the Revolutionary War.

Hillhouse was a member of the Connecticut State House of Representatives, 1780, United States Congressman from Connecticut at-large, 1791–96, and United States Senator from Connecticut, 1796–1810.

He was active in the drive to plant the elm trees that gave New Haven the nickname of the Elm City. Hillhouse Avenue and James Hillhouse High School in New Haven are named for him. He died in New Haven in 1832 and is buried at the Grove Street Cemetery there.

In 1803, he and several other New England politicians proposed secession of New England from the union due to growing influence of Jeffersonian democrats and the Louisiana Purchase which they felt would further diminish Northern influence. In 1814-15 he was a Connecticut delegate to the Hartford Convention.

He was a nephew of Matthew Griswold, and uncle of Thomas Hillhouse.

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Benjamin Huntington
U.S. Representative from Connecticut
(at large)

March 4, 1791 – December 5, 1796
Succeeded by
James Davenport
United States Senate
Preceded by
Oliver Ellsworth
United States Senator (Class 1) from Connecticut
1796 – 1810
Served alongside: Jonathan Trumbull, Jr., Uriah Tracy, Chauncey Goodrich
Succeeded by
Samuel W. Dana
Political offices
Preceded by
John E. Howard
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
February 28, 1801 – March 3, 1801
Succeeded by
Abraham Baldwin
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