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James II of Urgell: Wikis


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James II (in Catalan Jaume II d'Urgell, in Spanish Jayme II de Urgel) (1380 – 1 June 1433) was the Count of Urgell (1408–1413), Viscount of Àger, and lord of Antillón, Alcolea de Cinca, and Fraga. Scion of a younger branch of the House of Barcelona and its last male member, he was the centre of opposition to the House of Trastámara after its succeeded to the Crown of Aragon in 1412.

Born at Balaguer to Peter II of Urgell and Daisy of Montferrat, he inherited the county of Urgell from his father in 1408. In Valencia on 29 June 1407, he had married Isabel, daughter of Peter IV of Aragon and brother of Martin the Humane, who appointed him lieutenant of the Kingdom of Aragon in 1408.

Following the death in 1409 of Martin the Younger, heir to the Aragonese Crown, the king appointed James governor-general, an act interpreted by James as implying his heirdom. Following the death of the king in 1410, however, James was one of the six candidates who claimed the throne. Succession through the male line, as ordained in the will of James I of Aragon, would have given him the crown, but through the Compromise of Caspe, Ferdinand of Antequera was elected instead.

Influenced by his mother James II of Urgell refused to recognise Ferdinand as king and took up arms against him. Defeated at Castefrorite and Montearagón, James took refuge in the castle of Balaguer which was under siege by the royal troops. He surrendered on the 31 October 1413 and was imprisoned in Teruel and then Játiva where he died twenty years later.

James had fostered four daughters and one son:

  • his eldest child, Elisabet (or Isabel, 1409–1430), married Peter, Duke of Coimbra, in 1428;
  • his second child, Elionor (or Leonor, 1414–1438), married Raimon Orsini in 1436;
  • his third child, Joana (or Joanna, 1415–1445), married John I of Foix in 1435 and, then,remarried Joan Ramon Folc III de Cardona in 1445;
  • his only son, the fourth child, was Philip (or Felip), who died around 1422 while still young;
  • his youngest child, Catherine (or Caterina), who also died young not long after Philip (c.1424).
Preceded by
Peter II
Count of Urgell
1408 – 1413
Succeeded by
Merged with Crown of Aragon


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