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James Longstreet
January 8, 1821(1821-01-08) – January 2, 1904 (aged 82)
James Longstreet.jpg
James Longstreet Signature.svg
James Longstreet
Nickname Old Pete
Place of birth Edgefield District, South Carolina
Place of death Gainesville, Georgia
Place of burial Alta Vista Cemetery
Gainesville, Georgia
Allegiance United States of America
Confederate States of America
Years of service 1842–61 (USA)
1861–65 (CSA)
Rank Major (USA)
Lieutenant General (CSA)
Commands held First Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Battles/wars Mexican-American War
American Civil War
Other work Surveyor of Customs in New Orleans
U.S. Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire
U.S. Commissioner of Railroads
U.S. Marshal for Northern Georgia
James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse." He served under Lee as a corps commander for many of the famous battles fought by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Eastern Theater, but also with Gen. .Braxton Bragg in the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater.^ Thus Longstreet proposed to lead a contingent of reinforcements from Lee’s army to join the Army of Tennessee, where he would replace Bragg, with Bragg perhaps taking Longstreet’s old command in Virginia.

^ Bragg to withdrawal and most of Tennessee to be lost; is in Washington city where he has accepted the post of General-in-Chief of the Union army.

^ He reinforced Bragg’s Army of Tennessee and made possible the battle of Chickamauga.
  • James Longstreet, Old Pete 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC ehistory.osu.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • James Longstreet, Old Pete 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC ehistory.osu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Biographer and historian Jeffry D. Wert wrote that "Longstreet ...^ Biographer and historian Jeffry D. Wert wrote that "Longstreet ...
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ His command was increased with the addition of several brigades; Lee wrote that, “Longstreet was the staff in my right hand” (Wert 151-152).
  • James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.civilwar.org [Source type: General]

^ Page 22 The Best Subordinate: James Longstreet by Jeffry D. Wert Jeffry Wert, author of this article and also a Longstreet biographer, argues quite persuasively that James Longstreet, and not Stonewall Jackson, was Robert E. Lee’s best subordinate.
  • Civil War Times, Volume 45, Number 6 (August 2006) | TOCWOC - A Civil War Blog 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.brettschulte.net [Source type: General]

was the finest corps commander in the .Army of Northern Virginia; in fact, he was arguably the best corps commander in the conflict on either side."^ In 1864 he rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia.
  • Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.cuci.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ Confederate army known as the Army of Northern Virginia.
  • From Manassas to Appomattox 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.wtj.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Commanding First Corps, Army of Northern Virginia , January 13, 1865.
  • General James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC thomaslegion.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]
.Longstreet's talents as a general made significant contributions to the Confederate victories at Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Chickamauga, in both offensive and defensive roles.^ Second Manassas was a stunning Confederate victory.
  • James Longstreet: Robert E. Lee’s Most Valuable Soldier » HistoryNet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.historynet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Longstreet's talents as a general made significant contributions to the Confederate victories at Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Chickamauga, in both offensive and defensive roles.
  • James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.jameslongstreet.com [Source type: General]
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Confederate General James Longstreet born .
  • This Day in History 1821: Confederate General James Longstreet born 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.history.com [Source type: General]

.He also performed strongly during the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Antietam, and until he was seriously wounded, at the Battle of the Wilderness.^ Then he fought on during the Seven Days.
  • Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.cuci.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ He also performed strongly during the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Antietam, and until he was seriously wounded, at the Battle of the Wilderness.

^ He joined the main army for the Peninsula Campaign , and led his brigade in battle at Williamsburg, Seven Pines, and Gaines's Mill, where he suffered a shoulder wound that would keep him out of action until fall.

.His performance in semiautonomous command at Knoxville, Tennessee, resulted in a Confederate defeat.^ He performed poorly, however, as subordinate to Confederate general Braxton Bragg during the Chattanooga Campaign (1863), and as an independent commander he failed to capture Knoxville, Tennessee, during the subsequent fall and winter.
  • Encyclopedia Virginia: Longstreet, James (1821–1904) 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.encyclopediavirginia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But when Longstreet then joined a group of disaffected generals in denouncing Braxton Bragg, the commanding general of the Army of Tennessee, the resulting imbroglio hampered the effectiveness of the entire First Corps.
  • Confederate Struggle for Command 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.tamu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was second in command to Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg, where his delay in attacking contributed to the Confederate defeat.
  • James Longstreet Biography - Biography.com 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.biography.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His most controversial service was at the Battle of Gettysburg, where he disagreed with General Lee on the tactics to be employed and reluctantly supervised the disastrous infantry assault known as Pickett's Charge.^ Pickett’s Charge is probably the most controversial incident in Lee’s career.
  • James Longstreet, 1821-1904 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.historyofwar.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His most controversial service was at the Battle of Gettysburg, where he disagreed with General Lee on the tactics to be employed and reluctantly supervised the disastrous infantry assault known as Pickett's Charge.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ General Lee and I disagreed about war tactics.

.He enjoyed a successful post-war career working for the U.S. Government as a diplomat, civil servant, and administrator.^ He enjoyed a successful post-war career working for the U.S. Government as a diplomat, civil servant, and administrator.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • James Longstreet - Harry Turtledove Wiki - Historical fiction, Days of Infamy, Homeward Bound 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC turtledove.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Post War Career Politician, governor.
  • http://sunsite.utk.edu/civil-war/cong_l.html 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: General]

^ Post War Career Educator, newspaperman.
  • http://sunsite.utk.edu/civil-war/cong_l.html 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC sunsite.utk.edu [Source type: General]

.However, his conversion to the Republican Party and his cooperation with his old friend, President Ulysses S. Grant, as well as critical comments he wrote in his memoirs about General Lee's wartime performance, made him anathema to many of his former Confederate colleagues.^ However, his conversion to the Republican Party and his cooperation with his old friend, President Ulysses S. Grant, as well as critical comments he wrote in his memoirs about General Lee's wartime performance, made him anathema to many of his former Confederate colleagues.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ President Ulysses S. Grant, and became the only major Confederate officer to join the postwar Republican party.

^ Longstreet was subjected to criticism for his performance at Gettysburg as well as Lee, Longstreet survived and wrote his memoirs to be read and he made it a focus of the book to...
  • Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.Authors of the Lost Cause movement focused on Longstreet's actions at Gettysburg as a primary reason for the Confederacy's loss of the war.^ This “Lost Cause” interpretation of the Civil War made Longstreet a prime, if not primary, culprit.
  • James Longstreet: Robert E. Lee’s Most Valuable Soldier » HistoryNet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.historynet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Authors of the Lost Cause movement focused on Longstreet's actions at Gettysburg as a primary reason for the Confederacy's loss of the war.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Longstreet blameless for Gettysburg loss.
  • James Longstreet Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

.His reputation in the South was damaged for over a century and has only recently begun a slow reassessment.^ His reputation in the South was damaged for over a century and has only recently begun a slow reassessment.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Early life and career

.Longstreet was born in Edgefield District, South Carolina (in the area that is now North Augusta in Edgefield County).^ James Longstreet was born on January 8, 1821, in the Edgefield District, South Carolina.
  • James Longstreet - a knol by Feanor93 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

^ Longstreet was born in South Carolina, and raised in Georgia.
  • James Longstreet, 1821-1904 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.historyofwar.org [Source type: Original source]

^ James Longstreet was born on January 8, 1821, in South Carolina.

.He was the fifth child and third son of James and Mary Ann Dent Longstreet, originally from New Jersey and Maryland respectively, who owned a cotton plantation close to where the village of Gainesville would be founded in northeastern Georgia.^ James Longstreet was born the fifth child of James and Mary Ann Dent Longstreet, on January 8, 1821, in the Edgefield District of South Carolina.
  • KCWRT - James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.discoveret.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His parents, Mary Anna Dent and James L. Longstreet, owned a cotton plantation in northeast Georgia, where as a boy he thrived in the rough frontierlike conditions.
  • New Georgia Encyclopedia: James Longstreet (1821-1904) 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.georgiaencyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His f ather, who owned a cotton plantation in Gainsville, Georgia, thought that the local education was not enough for his son.
  • James Longstreet - a knol by Feanor93 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

.James's ancestor Dirck Stoffels Langestraet immigrated to the Dutch colony of New Netherland in 1657, but they became Anglicized over the generations.^ His ancestor, Dirck Stoffels Langestraet, was a Dutch immigrant to the Dutch colony of New Netherland in 1657.
  • James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.nnp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ James's ancestor Dirck Stoffels Langestraet immigrated to the Dutch colony of New Netherland in 1657, but the surname became Anglicized over the generations.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1657 he left the province of Noord Brabant at the age of 17 to find a new home in the Dutch colony of "Nieuw Nederland" Dirck settled on "Lange Eylandt" (long Island) in the village of Amersfoort.
  • Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.cuci.nl [Source type: Original source]

[2] .James's father was impressed by his son's "rocklike" character on the rural plantation, giving him the nickname Peter, and he was known as Pete or Old Pete for the rest of his life.^ James's father was impressed by his son's "rocklike" character on the rural plantation, giving him the nickname Peter, and he was known as Pete or Old Pete for the rest of his life.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Lee referred to him as "My Old War Horse" and his men called him "Old Pete."
  • Lieutenant General James Longstreet of the Confederate Army 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.mycivilwar.com [Source type: General]

^ "Old Pete" (nickname) became known as Lee's "Old War Horse" and the best fighter and corps commander in the Army.

[3]
.James's father decided a military career for his son, but felt that the local education available to him would not be adequate preparation.^ James's father decided on a military career for his son, but felt that the local education available to him would not be adequate preparation.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ James's father was impressed by his son's "rocklike" character on the rural plantation, giving him the nickname Peter, and he was known as Pete or Old Pete for the rest of his life.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ During his military career, he discovered his passion for the art of photography that followed him for the rest of his life.
  • Chattanooga Times Free Press | Obituaries for January 19, 2010 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.timesfreepress.com [Source type: General]

.At the age of nine, James was sent to live with his aunt and uncle in Augusta, Georgia.^ At the age of nine, James was sent to live with his aunt and uncle in Augusta, Georgia.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ So James was sent to live with his aunt and uncle in Augusta, Georgia.
  • James Longstreet - a knol by Feanor93 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

^ Until he was nine, he lived on the family farm near Gainesville, then moved to live with his aunt and uncle in Augusta in order to attend Richmond Academy.
  • Sherpa Guides | Georgia | Civil War | North Georgia Mountains East Intro & Gainesville Area 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.sherpaguides.com [Source type: General]

.His uncle, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, was a newspaper editor, educator, and a Methodist minister.^ Augustus Baldwin Longstreet was born in 1850.
  • weaverjl - pafg3004 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: Academic]

^ His uncle, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, was a newspaper editor, educator, and a Methodist minister.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ As Lee's subordinate, Longstreet well knew his obligations to the army commander as he expressed in a private letter to his uncle, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, written July 24, 1863: .
  • �Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: Original source]

.James spent eight years on his uncle's plantation, Westover, just outside the city, while he attended the Richmond County Academy.^ While he lived with his uncle, Longstreet was able to attend Richmond County Academy and received a sound education.
  • James Longstreet 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.nnp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He spent eight years on his uncle's plantation, Westover, while attending the Richmond County Academy.
  • James Longstreet - a knol by Feanor93 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

^ James spent eight years on his uncle's plantation, Westover, just outside the city, while he attended the Richmond County Academy.
  • GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace 1 February 2010 2:36 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

.His father died from a cholera epidemic while visiting Augusta in 1833; although James's mother and the rest of the family moved to Somerville, Alabama, following his father's death James remained with uncle Augustus.^ His father a farmer, James grew up in Augusta, Georgia until 1833 when his father died.
  • James Longstreet - History Celebrities</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.aboutfamouspeople.com/article1174.html">www.aboutfamouspeople.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="180"><a href="#citable__180"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James' father was a stonemason and his mother was a schoolteacher.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>June 2007 - THE OLD WAR HORSE</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.longstreetscv.org/newsltrs/200706.htm">www.longstreetscv.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="180"><a href="#citable__180"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Pete had been at Augusta only three years when his father died of cholera during a visit to Augusta.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-3"><span>[</span>4<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__197" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="197">In 1837 Augustus attempted to obtain an appointment for James to the <a href="/United_States_Military_Academy" title="United States Military Academy">United States Military Academy</a>, but the vacancy for his congressional district had already been filled so James was appointed in 1838 by a relative, <a href="/Reuben_Chapman" title="Reuben Chapman">Reuben Chapman</a>, who represented the First District of Alabama (where Mary Longstreet lived).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="197"><a href="#citable__197"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He entered the United States army in 1838.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet in Harper's Weekly</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/James_Longstreet_harpers.htm">www.sonofthesouth.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="197"><a href="#citable__197"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet, born in South Carolina and raised in Georgia and Alabama, enters the United States Military Academy at West Point with an appointment from Alabama.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Encyclopedia Virginia: Longstreet, James (1821–1904)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Longstreet_James_1821-1904">www.encyclopediavirginia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="197"><a href="#citable__197"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The vacancy in the Augusta district was already filled, so they turned to the First District of Alabama where his mother lived.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__242" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="242">James was a poor student academically and a disciplinary problem at West Point, ranking 54th out of 56 cadets when he graduated in 1842. He was popular with his classmates, however, and befriended a number of men who would become prominent during the Civil War, including <a href="/George_Henry_Thomas" title="George Henry Thomas">George Henry Thomas</a>, <a href="/William_S._Rosecrans" title="William S. Rosecrans" class="mw-redirect">William S. Rosecrans</a>, <a href="/John_Pope_(military_officer)" title="John Pope (military officer)">John Pope</a>, <a href="/D.H._Hill" title="D.H. Hill" class="mw-redirect">D.H. Hill</a>, <a href="/Lafayette_McLaws" title="Lafayette McLaws">Lafayette McLaws</a>, <a href="/George_Pickett" title="George Pickett">George Pickett</a>, <a href="/John_Bell_Hood" title="John Bell Hood">John Bell "Sam" Hood</a>, and his closest friend, <a href="/Ulysses_S._Grant" title="Ulysses S. Grant">Ulysses S. Grant</a> of the class of 1843. Longstreet was commissioned a <a href="/Brevet_(military)" title="Brevet (military)">brevet</a> <a href="/Second_lieutenant" title="Second lieutenant" class="mw-redirect">second lieutenant</a> in the 4th U.S. Infantry.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was graduated in 1842, and with the brevet of second-lieutenant went on duty at Jefferson Barracks, Mo.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/general_james_longstreet.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Longstreet has come to visit his friend General John Bell Hood.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 4th U.S. Infantry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-4"><span>[</span>5<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__124" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="124">Longstreet spent his first two years of service at <a href="/Jefferson_Barracks_Military_Post" title="Jefferson Barracks Military Post">Jefferson Barracks</a>, <a href="/Missouri" title="Missouri">Missouri</a>, where he was soon joined by his friend, Lieutenant Grant.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At his first command in Missouri, he introduced his cousin Julia Dent to U.S. Grant, and the two later married.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Sherpa Guides | Georgia | Civil War | North Georgia Mountains East Intro & Gainesville Area</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sherpaguides.com/georgia/civil_war/northeast/index.html">www.sherpaguides.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet attended West Point with Ulysses Grant and introduced Grant to Longstreet's cousin, Julia Grant, and the two were soon married.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the war he makes two great mistakes.  First, he becomes a Republican, attempts to join with     old comrade Grant in rebuilding the South.  For this he is branded a turncoat, within two years of     the end of the war is being referred to by Southern newspapers as "the most hated man in the     South."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Review of Michael Shaara's The Killer Angels - BrothersJudd.com</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.brothersjudd.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/reviews.detail/book_id/705">www.brothersjudd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__255" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="255">Longstreet introduced Grant to his fourth cousin, <a href="/Julia_Grant" title="Julia Grant">Julia Dent</a>, and the couple eventually married.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At his first command in Missouri, he introduced his cousin Julia Dent to U.S. Grant, and the two later married.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Sherpa Guides | Georgia | Civil War | North Georgia Mountains East Intro & Gainesville Area</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sherpaguides.com/georgia/civil_war/northeast/index.html">www.sherpaguides.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After Appomattox, Lee's Old War-horse rekindled his friendship with Ulysses S. Grant, a West Point classmate who had married Longstreet's cousin before the war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Free Market: Gen. Longstreet Wars for Gold</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mises.org/freemarket_detail.aspx?control=205">mises.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Despite the slander and accusations, Longstreet actively participated in southern reunions and became friends with many former enemies including General U.S. Grant whose wife, Julia Dent, was a cousin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Confederate General James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://americancivilwar.com/south/General_James_Longstreet.html">americancivilwar.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__193" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="193">Longstreet would serve as Grant's "best man" at the wedding.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="193"><a href="#citable__193"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President Grant appointed him surveyor of customs, and Longstreet served as U.S. marshal of Georgia and minister to Turkey.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="193"><a href="#citable__193"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If Longstreet had known of this situation earlier he would have had his best argument against the attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="193"><a href="#citable__193"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A month later, he would write, "We shall fight him [Grant] of course, as long as we have a man, but we should fight with much better heart, if we could have hope of results."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5"><span>[</span>6<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__106" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="106">Soon after that introduction Longstreet met Maria Louisa Garland, called Louise by her family.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="106"><a href="#citable__106"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>March 8, 1848 - James Longstreet marries Maria Louisa Garland.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Encyclopedia Virginia: Longstreet, James (1821–1904)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Longstreet_James_1821-1904">www.encyclopediavirginia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="106"><a href="#citable__106"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1889 his beloved wife of forty-one years, Maria Louisa Garland Longstreet, with whom he had several children, died.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>New Georgia Encyclopedia: James Longstreet (1821-1904)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-3554">www.georgiaencyclopedia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="106"><a href="#citable__106"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He married first Maria Louise Garland of Virginia on March 8, 1848; Second Helen Dortch of Atlanta, September 8, 1897.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lt.-Gen. James Longstreet Marker</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=25281">www.hmdb.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> She was the daughter of Longstreet's regimental commander, Lt. Col. John Garland. <a name="citable__298" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="298">They were married in March 1848, after the <a href="/Mexican-American_War" title="Mexican-American War" class="mw-redirect">Mexican-American War</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="298"><a href="#citable__298"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He participated in the Mexican War (1846-1848) under General Zachary Taylor, up to and including the Battle of Monterey.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="298"><a href="#citable__298"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the Mexican war he married Maria Louisa Garland.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuci.nl/%7Epattie/longstreet.htm">www.cuci.nl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="298"><a href="#citable__298"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When he returned to the states, they were married during the first week of March 1848 at her relatives in Lynchburg, Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__95" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="95">Although their marriage would last for over 40 years and produce 10 children, Longstreet never mentioned Louise in his memoirs and most anecdotes about their relationship came to historians through the writings of his second wife.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(Longstreet, however, neglected to mention her in his memoirs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War General of the Day</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals/general41.html">www.rocemabra.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In later years, what came to be known as "Longstreet's Countermarch" would serve as kindling for one of the many controversies swirling about the Battle of Gettysburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The American Civil War and The Battle of Gettysburg: Longstreet's Counter March</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.brotherswar.com/Gettysburg-2c.htm">www.brotherswar.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In September 1897 he married 34-year-old Helen Dortch; although his family was not pleased with the marriage, Helen defended Longstreet’s name until she died in 1962.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/james-longstreet.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-6"><span>[</span>7<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Mexican_American_War">Mexican-American War</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__299" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="299">Longstreet served with distinction in the Mexican War with the 8th U.S. Infantry.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During the Mexican War Lee served on the staff of General Winfield Scott in the Vera Cruz expedition, receiving in succession the brevets of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, Meade served in the Mexican War and then in 1861, the Civil War.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Famous us generals of the civil war</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.essortment.com/all/civilwarfamous_rmht.htm">www.essortment.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As a West Point-trained officer, Longstreet served with distinction in the Mexican War and matured with the young nation's Manifest Destiny, honing his military skills in the rough wilds of the West.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Longstreet Recognition Project</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.agribusinesscouncil.org/longstreet.htm">www.agribusinesscouncil.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__228" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="228">He received brevet promotions to captain for <a href="/Battle_of_Contreras" title="Battle of Contreras">Contreras</a> and <a href="/Battle_of_Churubusco" title="Battle of Churubusco">Churubusco</a> and to major for <a href="/Battle_of_Molino_del_Rey" title="Battle of Molino del Rey">Molino del Rey</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="228"><a href="#citable__228"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He served with distinction in the Mexican War, was wounded at Chapultepec, and received two brevets and the staff rank of major.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> James Longstreet (1821-1904) </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/chron/civilwarnotes/longstreet.html">www.thelatinlibrary.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="228"><a href="#citable__228"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He served from 1846 to 1847 and was promoted for bravery at Churubusco and Casa Mata before being wounded in the thigh at Molino del Rey.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/james-longstreet.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="228"><a href="#citable__228"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At Churubusco, he planted the regimental colors on the walls of the fort and saw action at Casa Marta, near Molino del Ray.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> In the <a href="/Battle_of_Chapultepec" title="Battle of Chapultepec">Battle of Chapultepec</a> on September 12, 1847, he was wounded in the thigh while charging up the hill with his regimental colors; falling, he handed the flag to his friend, Lt. <a href="/George_E._Pickett" title="George E. Pickett" class="mw-redirect">George E. Pickett</a>, who was able to reach the summit.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7"><span>[</span>8<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__8" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="8">After the war and his recovery from the Chapultepec wound, Longstreet and his new wife served on frontier duty in Texas, primarily at <a href="/Fort_Martin_Scott" title="Fort Martin Scott">Fort Martin Scott</a> near <a href="/Fredericksburg,_Texas" title="Fredericksburg, Texas">Fredericksburg</a> and <a href="/Fort_Bliss" title="Fort Bliss">Fort Bliss</a> in <a href="/El_Paso,_Texas" title="El Paso, Texas">El Paso</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1854 he was assigned to Fort Bliss near El Paso, Texas, and 600 miles from San Antonio.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He had fought bravely in the Mexican War, was badly wounded at the battle of Chapultepec, and had served on the Texas frontier in the 1850s.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet, who was controversial in the South for becoming a Republican and backing Reconstruction, moved to Gainesville from New Orleans about six years after the end of the Civil War.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Southern-fried Longstreet: Did the general’s hotel invent our chicken? by Phil Gast | LikeTheDew.com</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://likethedew.com/2009/09/23/southern-fried-longstreet-did-the-generals-hotel-invent-our-chicken/">likethedew.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__61" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="61">He performed scouting missions and also served as major and paymaster for the 8th Infantry from July 1858.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8"><span>[</span>9<span>]</span></a></sup> Author <a href="/Kevin_Phillips_(political_commentator)" title="Kevin Phillips (political commentator)">Kevin Phillips</a> claims that during this period Longstreet was involved in a plot to draw the Mexican state of <a href="/Chihuahua" title="Chihuahua">Chihuahua</a> into the Union as a slave state.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Major and paymaster, July 19, 1858.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/general_james_longstreet.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1858 he was promoted to major and appointed as a paymaster.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuci.nl/%7Epattie/longstreet.htm">www.cuci.nl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The vessel was named for Major General James Longstreet, a hero of the Confederate Army and one of General Robert E. Lees top officers during the Civil War.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Liberty Ships</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ship/liberty-ships-survivors.htm">www.globalsecurity.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9"><span>[</span>10<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__14" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="14">Longstreet was not enthusiastic about <a href="/Secession" title="Secession">secession</a> from the <a href="/Union_(American_Civil_War)" title="Union (American Civil War)">Union</a>, but he had learned from his uncle Augustus about the doctrine of <a href="/States%27_rights" title="States' rights">states' rights</a> early in his life and had seen his uncle's passion for it.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="14"><a href="#citable__14"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was not enthusiastic about secession from the Union, but he had learned from his uncle Augustus about the doctrine of states' rights early in his life and had seen his uncle's passion for it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="14"><a href="#citable__14"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He did not embrace secession, but he remembered his uncle's passion for states' rights.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="14"><a href="#citable__14"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Uncle Gus” may have been influential in Longstreet’s early life as a fervent proponent of states’ rights.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/james-longstreet.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__292" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="292">Although he was born in South Carolina and reared in Georgia, he offered his services to the state of Alabama, which had appointed him to West Point and where his mother still lived.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="292"><a href="#citable__292"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Although he was born in South Carolina and raised in Georgia, he offered his services to the state of Alabama, which had appointed him to West Point and where his mother still lived.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="292"><a href="#citable__292"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Born in 1821, he lived in Georgia and Alabama prior to entering West Point in 1838.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="292"><a href="#citable__292"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was born in South Carolina, and raised in Georgia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet, 1821-1904</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_longstreet.html">www.historyofwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__66" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="66">Furthermore, he was the senior West Point graduate from that state, which implied a commensurate rank in the state's forces would be available.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="66"><a href="#citable__66"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Furthermore, he was the senior West Point graduate from that state, which implied a commensurate rank in the state's forces would be available.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="66"><a href="#citable__66"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He graduated from West Point in 1835, ranked 19 of 56.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Famous us generals of the civil war</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.essortment.com/all/civilwarfamous_rmht.htm">www.essortment.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="66"><a href="#citable__66"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Grant graduated from West Point in 1843, ranking 21st of 39.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Famous us generals of the civil war</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.essortment.com/all/civilwarfamous_rmht.htm">www.essortment.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__220" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="220">He resigned from the <a href="/United_States_Army" title="United States Army">U.S. Army</a> in June 1861 to cast his lot with the <a href="/Confederate_States_of_America" title="Confederate States of America">Confederacy</a> in the Civil War.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="220"><a href="#citable__220"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He resigned from the U.S. Army on 1 June 1861, and on 17 June was appointed a brigadier-general in the nearly formed Confederate army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet, 1821-1904</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_longstreet.html">www.historyofwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="220"><a href="#citable__220"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, Meade served in the Mexican War and then in 1861, the Civil War.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Famous us generals of the civil war</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.essortment.com/all/civilwarfamous_rmht.htm">www.essortment.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="220"><a href="#citable__220"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With the outbreak of the Civil War he resigned his U.S. commission on June 1, 1861, and on June 17, 1861, he was commissioned as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> James Longstreet Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/James_Longstreet.aspx">www.encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10"><span>[</span>11<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Civil_War">Civil War</span></h2> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_First_Bull_Run_and_the_Peninsula">First Bull Run and the Peninsula</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__121" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="121">Longstreet arrived in <a href="/Richmond,_Virginia" title="Richmond, Virginia">Richmond, Virginia</a> with a commission as a <a href="/Lieutenant_colonel_(United_States)" title="Lieutenant colonel (United States)">lieutenant colonel</a> in the <a href="/Confederate_States_Army" title="Confederate States Army">Confederate States Army</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="121"><a href="#citable__121"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was not of the "Virginia clique" of the army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="121"><a href="#citable__121"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What are we to make of James Longstreet, lieutenant general, Confederate States Army?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="121"><a href="#citable__121"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point , N.Y. (1842), he resigned from the U.S. Army when his native state seceded from the Union (December 1860); he was made a brigadier general in the Confederate Army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet (Confederate general) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/347631/James-Longstreet">www.britannica.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__259" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="259">He met with <a href="/President_of_the_Confederate_States" title="President of the Confederate States" class="mw-redirect">Confederate President</a> <a href="/Jefferson_Davis" title="Jefferson Davis">Jefferson Davis</a> at the executive mansion on June 22, 1861, where he was informed that he had been appointed a <a href="/Brigadier_general_(United_States)" title="Brigadier general (United States)">brigadier general</a> with date of rank on June 17, a commission he accepted on June 25. He was ordered to report to Brig.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="259"><a href="#citable__259"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He resigned from the U.S. Army on 1 June 1861, and on 17 June was appointed a brigadier-general in the nearly formed Confederate army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet, 1821-1904</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_longstreet.html">www.historyofwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="259"><a href="#citable__259"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With the outbreak of the Civil War he resigned his U.S. commission on June 1, 1861, and on June 17, 1861, he was commissioned as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> James Longstreet Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/James_Longstreet.aspx">www.encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="259"><a href="#citable__259"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Resigning his commission in 1861, Longstreet was commissioned a brigadier general in the Confederate Army and ordered to report to Manassas, where he commanded a brigade.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a name="citable__304" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="304"><a href="/P.G.T._Beauregard" title="P.G.T. Beauregard">P.G.T. Beauregard</a> at <a href="/Manassas,_Virginia" title="Manassas, Virginia">Manassas</a>, where he was given command of a brigade of three Virginia regiments—the <a href="/1st_Virginia_Infantry" title="1st Virginia Infantry">1st</a>, <a href="/11th_Virginia_Infantry" title="11th Virginia Infantry">11th</a>, and <a href="/17th_Virginia_Infantry" title="17th Virginia Infantry">17th Virginia Infantry</a> regiments.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="304"><a href="#citable__304"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By First Manassas (Bull Run) he had already been promoted to brigadier-general in command of three Virginia infantry regiments (1st, 11th, and 17th) which covered Blackburn's Ford during that battle.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ngeorgia.com/ang/james_longstreet">ngeorgia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="304"><a href="#citable__304"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But he received a commission as brigadier-general July 1st, and was ordered to report to Beauregard at Manassas , where, in command of the First, Eleventh and Seventeenth Virginia regiments, he repulsed the Federal attack at Blackburn 's Ford, July 18th, and during the battle of July 21st threatened the Federal rear.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/general_james_longstreet.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="304"><a href="#citable__304"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As it grew lighter, three thin regiments of Early's brigade were visible near the centre in the open field.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11"><span>[</span>12<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__216" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="216">Longstreet assembled his staff and trained his brigade incessantly.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="216"><a href="#citable__216"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His command was increased with the addition of several brigades; Lee wrote that, “Longstreet was the staff in my right hand” (Wert 151-152).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/james-longstreet.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="216"><a href="#citable__216"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On December 23, Longstreet relieved Robertson of command of the Texas Brigade and ordered him to Bristol, Tennessee, to ``await the assembling of a court for the trial of his case.''</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__286" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="286">They saw their first action at <a href="/Battle_of_Blackburn%27s_Ford" title="Battle of Blackburn's Ford">Blackburn's Ford</a> on July 18, resisting a <a href="/Union_Army" title="Union Army">Union Army</a> reconnaissance in force that preceded the <a href="/First_Battle_of_Bull_Run" title="First Battle of Bull Run">First Battle of Bull Run</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="286"><a href="#citable__286"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He took part in the first battle of Bull Run and in the Peninsular campaign.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> James Longstreet Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/James_Longstreet.aspx">www.encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="286"><a href="#citable__286"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I saw they were going to run, but both armies were in confusion.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JAMES EDWARD CALDWELL</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gen.1starnet.com/civilwar/caldwelj.htm">gen.1starnet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="286"><a href="#citable__286"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On 18 July his command repulsed a Federal attack at Blackburn's Ford; during the Battle of First Bull Run on 21 July, it threatened the Federal rear.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__156" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="156">When the main attack came at the opposite end of the line on July 21, the brigade played a relatively minor role, although it endured artillery fire for nine hours.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="156"><a href="#citable__156"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The brigade which he commanded at the fight of Bull Run , in July of that year, was one of' the first bodies of Southern troops that came into actual collision with the Federals; and in the sanguinary battle of Manassas, which soon afterward ensued, General LONGSTREET led the main attack, though General BEAUREGARD was in chief command.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet in Harper's Weekly</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/James_Longstreet_harpers.htm">www.sonofthesouth.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="156"><a href="#citable__156"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Confederates, sallying from their defenses, attacked General Winfield Scott Hancock's Brigade holding the right of the Union line south of the river.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="156"><a href="#citable__156"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Whiting selected the Texas Brigade as the main attacking force, with Col. Wade Hampton's brigade in support.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__235" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="235">Longstreet was infuriated that his commanders would not allow a vigorous pursuit of the defeated Union Army.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="235"><a href="#citable__235"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Longstreet saw it, the Confederates needed to concentrate troops in Tennessee for an offensive thrust into Kentucky that would relieve the threat posed by Union Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>America’s Civil War: Robert E. Lee and James Longstreet at Odds at Gettysburg » HistoryNet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historynet.com/americas-civil-war-robert-e-lee-and-james-longstreet-at-odds-at-gettysburg.htm">www.historynet.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="235"><a href="#citable__235"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the Confederate side, Bragg was reinforced by the arrival of Longstreet who was given command of the left wing of the army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of Chickamauga - American Civil War Battle of Chickamauga</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/civilwar/p/chickamauga.htm">militaryhistory.about.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="235"><a href="#citable__235"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's troops crossed the Potomac and marched toward Frederick while the Union Army, back under the full command of George McClellan, finally reached Maryland and drove directly toward Lee's then scattered forces.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Confederate General James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://americancivilwar.com/south/General_James_Longstreet.html">americancivilwar.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__284" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="284">His trusted staff officer, <a href="/Moxley_Sorrel" title="Moxley Sorrel">Moxley Sorrel</a>, recorded that he was "in a fine rage.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="284"><a href="#citable__284"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As further testimony to his remarkable achievements in so little time, he was assisted in his efforts by only two of his staff officers, P.T. Manning and perhaps the finest staff officer the war produced, G. Moxley Sorrel, himself a Georgia native.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ngeorgia.com/ang/james_longstreet">ngeorgia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="284"><a href="#citable__284"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"He was an officer of much experience and most careful," noted Longstreet's aide Moxley Sorrel.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War Women: Emily Allison Taylor McLaws</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarwomen.blogspot.com/2009/12/emily-allison-taylor-mclaws.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FWlqT+%28Civil+War+Women%29">civilwarwomen.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="284"><a href="#citable__284"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He signed it with the name of his chief of staff, G. Moxley Sorrel.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>And Then A.P. Hill Came Up - Ambrose Powell Hill, Confederate States of America</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.aphillcsa.com/n91.html">www.aphillcsa.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__120" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="120">He dashed his hat furiously to the ground, stamped, and bitter words escaped him."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="120"><a href="#citable__120"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When he was refused and, in fact, was ordered to withdraw, he dashed his hat furiously to the ground and said, "Retreat!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He quoted Longstreet as saying, "Retreat! <a name="citable__75" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="75">Hell, the Federal army has broken to pieces."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="75"><a href="#citable__75"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hell, the Federal army has broken to pieces."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12"><span>[</span>13<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__111" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="111">On October 7, Longstreet was promoted to <a href="/Major_General_(CSA)" title="Major General (CSA)" class="mw-redirect">major general</a> and assumed command of a division in the Confederate <a href="/Army_of_Northern_Virginia" title="Army of Northern Virginia">Army of Northern Virginia</a> —four infantry brigades and <a href="/Hampton%27s_Legion" title="Hampton's Legion">Hampton's Legion</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was not of the "Virginia clique" of the army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Afterward he commanded a wing of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Confederate General James Longstreet born .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>This Day in History 1821: Confederate General James Longstreet born</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=2062">www.history.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13"><span>[</span>14<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__199" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="199">Tragedy struck the Longstreet family in January 1862. A <a href="/Scarlet_fever" title="Scarlet fever">scarlet fever</a> epidemic in Richmond claimed the lives of his one-year-old daughter Mary Anne, his four-year-old son James, and six-year-old Augustus ("Gus"), all within a week.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="199"><a href="#citable__199"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One-year-old Mary Anne died on January 25th and four-year-old James the next day.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="199"><a href="#citable__199"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1862 Longstreet suffered a personal tragedy when three of his four children died in Richmond of scarlet fever.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="199"><a href="#citable__199"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was one of ten children, the son of James Longstreet and Mary Ann Dent, nicknamed 'Pete' by his father.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__17" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="17">His 13-year-old son Garland almost succumbed.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="17"><a href="#citable__17"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Six-year-old Gus and 13-year-old Garland fought on, then Gus succumbed on February 1st.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="17"><a href="#citable__17"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Clint Howard plays their 10-year-old son, a rebellious lad constantly at odds with his taciturn father.  Read More .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Franciscus Filmography</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fandango.com/jamesfranciscus/filmography/p90326">www.fandango.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__179" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="179">The losses were devastating for Longstreet and he became withdrawn, both personally and socially.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="179"><a href="#citable__179"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For Longstreet, 1862 had been devastating in both his personal and his military life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - Knoxville Civil War History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hk-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="179"><a href="#citable__179"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If 1862 had been devastating in both his personal and his military life, Longstreet would find 1863 just as rigorous militarily.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> In 1861 his headquarters were noted for parties, drinking, and poker games. <a name="citable__100" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="100">After he returned from the funeral the headquarters social life became more somber, he rarely drank, and he became a devout <a href="/Episcopal_Church_in_the_United_States_of_America" title="Episcopal Church in the United States of America" class="mw-redirect">Episcopalian</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="100"><a href="#citable__100"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet became a devout Episcopalian.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War General of the Day</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals/general41.html">www.rocemabra.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14"><span>[</span>15<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__201" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="201">Longstreet turned in a mixed performance in the <a href="/Peninsula_Campaign" title="Peninsula Campaign">Peninsula Campaign</a> that spring.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="201"><a href="#citable__201"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When the war heated up in the spring of 1862 with McClellan's arrival on the Peninsula, Longstreet displayed ability in the early fighting, at Williamsburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War General of the Day</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals/general41.html">www.rocemabra.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="201"><a href="#citable__201"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Indeed if Lee had listened to him, it is possible the summer campaigns of 1863 might well have turned out differently, and Longstreet was there to cover the retreat from Gettysburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet: Amazon.co.uk: Jeffrey D. Wert: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/General-James-Longstreet-Jeffrey-Wert/dp/0671892878">www.amazon.co.uk</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="201"><a href="#citable__201"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Rebuffed again, General Longstreet turned his attention to the upcoming Gettysburg campaign.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__178" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="178">He executed well as a rear guard commander at <a href="/Battle_of_Yorktown_(1862)" title="Battle of Yorktown (1862)">Yorktown</a> and <a href="/Battle_of_Williamsburg" title="Battle of Williamsburg">Williamsburg</a>, delaying the advance of Union Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Meanwhile, overall Union Commander Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By the time George McClellan invaded the Virginia Peninsula, Longstreet was a Major-General, and he performed an important and well executed rear guard action at Williamsburg during Johnston's retreat towards Richmond.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ngeorgia.com/ang/james_longstreet">ngeorgia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At Williamsburg (5 May 1862) he was in command of the rear guard that helped hold off the Union advance for a day, thus allowing the Confederate army to reach the defences of Richmond.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet, 1821-1904</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_longstreet.html">www.historyofwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a name="citable__0" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="0"><a href="/George_B._McClellan" title="George B. McClellan">George B. McClellan</a>'s army toward Richmond.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="0"><a href="#citable__0"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By the time George McClellan invaded the Virginia Peninsula, Longstreet was a Major-General, and he performed an important and well executed rear guard action at Williamsburg during Johnston's retreat towards Richmond.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ngeorgia.com/ang/james_longstreet">ngeorgia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="0"><a href="#citable__0"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>George B. McClellan , who had been reinstated as commander of the Federal army in the East, was marching rapidly from Frederick to the passes through South Mountain.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="0"><a href="#citable__0"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Leaving a small guard contingent at Richmond, Lee moved his army northwest in an attempt to defeat Pope's army before McClellan's army could reinforce it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__281" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="281">At the <a href="/Battle_of_Seven_Pines" title="Battle of Seven Pines">Battle of Seven Pines</a> he marched his men in the wrong direction down the wrong road, causing congestion and confusion with other Confederate units, diluting the effect of the massive Confederate counterattack against McClellan.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="281"><a href="#citable__281"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to an article I read a few years ago, Confederate generals met to receive orders prior to the Battle Twin Pines in Northern Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Southern-fried Longstreet: Did the general’s hotel invent our chicken? by Phil Gast | LikeTheDew.com</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://likethedew.com/2009/09/23/southern-fried-longstreet-did-the-generals-hotel-invent-our-chicken/">likethedew.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="281"><a href="#citable__281"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When the Confederates encountered McClellan's Army of the Potomac across Antietam Creek, Hill made an extraordinary forced march from Virginia to arrive in time to launch a ferocious mid-afternoon assault against Burnside's Ninth Corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Encyclopedia Virginia: Hill, A. P. (1825–1865)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Hill_A_P_1825-1865">www.encyclopediavirginia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="281"><a href="#citable__281"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His performance during the battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks (31 May-1 June 1862) was not good – he moved his troops along the wrong road on 31 May, delaying the start of the main attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet, 1821-1904</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_longstreet.html">www.historyofwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__40" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="40">His report unfairly blamed fellow general <a href="/Benjamin_Huger_(1805-1877)" title="Benjamin Huger (1805-1877)" class="mw-redirect">Benjamin Huger</a> for the mishaps.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="40"><a href="#citable__40"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Benjamin Huger in their reports, an act unworthy of either man.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet: Robert E. Lee’s Most Valuable Soldier » HistoryNet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historynet.com/james-longstreet-robert-e-lees-most-valuable-soldier.htm">www.historynet.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="40"><a href="#citable__40"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet blamed the failure entirely on Benjamin Huger.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> American Civil War - RateItAll</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rateitall.com/s-4951-american-civil-war.aspx">www.rateitall.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_15" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-15"><span>[</span>16<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__113" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="113">General <a href="/Joseph_E._Johnston" title="Joseph E. Johnston">Joseph E. Johnston</a> was wounded during the battle and he was replaced in command of the <a href="/Army_of_Northern_Virginia" title="Army of Northern Virginia">Army of Northern Virginia</a> by Gen.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Northern Virginia commanded by Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Johnson was severely wounded, and Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JAMES EDWARD CALDWELL</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gen.1starnet.com/civilwar/caldwelj.htm">gen.1starnet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Johnston had been gravely wounded that day, and that Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Robert_E._Lee" title="Robert E. Lee">Robert E. Lee</a>.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__172" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="172">During the <a href="/Seven_Days_Battles" title="Seven Days Battles">Seven Days Battles</a> that followed in late June, Longstreet had operational command of nearly half of Lee's army—15 brigades—as it drove McClellan back down the Peninsula.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="172"><a href="#citable__172"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On that same day, the wing of Lee's army commanded by Lt. Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="172"><a href="#citable__172"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee would command the operation in person.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="172"><a href="#citable__172"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee’s army in half.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__37" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="37">Longstreet performed aggressively and well in his new, larger command, particularly at <a href="/Battle_of_Gaines%27_Mill" title="Battle of Gaines' Mill">Gaines' Mill</a> and <a href="/Battle_of_Glendale" title="Battle of Glendale">Glendale</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Those who judge Heth's performance as a commander solely on Gettysburg are missing a larger and more complex picture.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Lee's subordinate, Longstreet well knew his obligations to the army commander as he expressed in a private letter to his uncle, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, written July 24, 1863: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They have turned to Longstreet’s infatuation with his concept of an offensive- defensive and believe that this hampered the I Corps commander’s performance.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__169" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="169">Lee's army in general suffered from weak performances by Longstreet's peers, including, uncharacteristically, Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="169"><a href="#citable__169"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet became one of the most successful generals in the Confederate Army, but after the war was a target of some of his comrades, who were searching for a scapegoat.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>This Day in History 1821: Confederate General James Longstreet born</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=2062">www.history.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="169"><a href="#citable__169"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Later that same day, a spy brought news about the location of Meade's army to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania , a distance of fifty miles, where CSA Generals Lee and Longstreet were headquartered.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Henry Thomas Harrison, Longstreet's scout</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.comcast.net/~site002/Harrison/index.htm">home.comcast.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="169"><a href="#citable__169"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to his orders from General Robert E. Lee, Longstreet was to take Charles City Road to Darbytown Road and box in Union General George B. McClellan as he retreated to the river.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Henrico Citizen Online</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.henricocitizen.com/link.asp?smenu=128&twindow=Default&sdetail=1594&mad=No&wpage=1&skeyword=&sidate=">www.henricocitizen.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a name="citable__289" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="289"><a href="/Stonewall_Jackson" title="Stonewall Jackson">Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson</a>, and was unable to destroy the Union Army.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="289"><a href="#citable__289"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He also displays a jealousy of the reputations of Robert E. Lee and Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, criticizing some of their actions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Encyclopedia Virginia: Longstreet, James (1821–1904)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Longstreet_James_1821-1904">www.encyclopediavirginia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="289"><a href="#citable__289"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was appointed a lieutenant general on October 9, 1862, one day before Thomas J. Jackson, making Longstreet the senior lieutenant general in the Confederate Army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="289"><a href="#citable__289"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Discerning that a Union corps under his old adversary from the Valley, Major General Nathaniel Banks, had moved to Culpeper, Jackson moved to destroy it before Pope arrived.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Battle of Antietam</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/antietam/pope.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__68" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="68">Moxley Sorrel wrote of Longstreet's confidence and calmness in battle: "He was like a rock in steadiness when sometimes in battle the world seemed flying to pieces."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="68"><a href="#citable__68"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Colonel G. Moxley Sorrel, Longstreet's Chief of Staff, wrote in his book, Recollections of a Confederate Staff Officer, that Harrison provided valuable information regarding the whereabouts and intentions of Union forces under their new commander, General George Gordon Meade, prior to the battle of Gettysburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Henry Thomas Harrison, Longstreet's scout</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.comcast.net/~site002/Harrison/index.htm">home.comcast.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="68"><a href="#citable__68"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Aide Thomas Goree wrote during this time that Longstreet's "forte as an officer consists in the seeming ease with which he can handle and arrange large numbers of troops, as also with the confidence and enthusiasm with which he seems to inspire them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War General of the Day</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals/general41.html">www.rocemabra.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="68"><a href="#citable__68"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was upset by the account Daniel wrote and the light it cast on his own actions at the battle.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>And Then A.P. Hill Came Up - Ambrose Powell Hill, Confederate States of America</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.aphillcsa.com/n91.html">www.aphillcsa.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a name="citable__20" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="20">Lee said, "Longstreet was the staff in my right hand."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="20"><a href="#citable__20"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet,” said General Lee after the campaign, “was the staff in my right hand.” .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="20"><a href="#citable__20"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I was standing next to General Longstreet, and he warmly embraced the General and then turning to me, and shaking my hand said - "Captain, I am going to put my old War Horse under your charge.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="20"><a href="#citable__20"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He commanded the right wing at Gettysburg (1863), where his delay in taking the offensive is generally said to have cost Lee the battle (see Gettysburg campaign ).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> James Longstreet Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/James_Longstreet.aspx">www.encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He had been established as Lee's principal lieutenant.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16"><span>[</span>17<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Second_Bull_Run_2C_Maryland_2C_and_Fredericksburg">Second Bull Run, Maryland, and Fredericksburg</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__46" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="46">The military reputations of Lee's corps commanders are often characterized as Stonewall Jackson representing the audacious, offensive component of Lee's army, whereas Longstreet more typically advocated and executed defensive strategies and tactics.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="46"><a href="#citable__46"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In fact, Lee had been thinking often of Longstreet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="46"><a href="#citable__46"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet, Lee’s second in command.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Vicksburg or Gettysburg? - THE HISTORY CHANNEL CLUB</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://load.thehistorychannelclub.com/Projects/Project.aspx?id=5434">load.thehistorychannelclub.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="46"><a href="#citable__46"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>R. E. Lee took command of the army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JAMES EDWARD CALDWELL</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gen.1starnet.com/civilwar/caldwelj.htm">gen.1starnet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__160" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="160">Jackson has been described as the army's hammer, Longstreet its anvil.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="160"><a href="#citable__160"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Also on November 6, Lee's army was formerly organized into two corps led by Longstreet and Jackson , who were both promoted to lieutenant general.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="160"><a href="#citable__160"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was appointed a lieutenant general on October 9, 1862, one day before Thomas J. Jackson, making Longstreet the senior lieutenant general in the Confederate Army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="160"><a href="#citable__160"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Robert Edward Lee (19 January 1807-12 October 1870) re-organized Army of Northern Virginia into Longstreet's and Jackson's Wings.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_17" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-17"><span>[</span>18<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__246" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="246">In the <a href="/Northern_Virginia_Campaign" title="Northern Virginia Campaign">Northern Virginia Campaign</a> of August 1862, this stereotype did not hold true.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="246"><a href="#citable__246"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Northern Virginia Campaign, August 7 – August 28, 1862.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="246"><a href="#citable__246"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He fought in the first and second battles of Bull Run , called First and Second Manassas by the Confederates (July 1861; August–September 1862); was a division commander in the Peninsular Campaign (March–July 1862); and at Antietam (September 1862) and Fredericksburg (November–December 1862) commanded what was soon called the I Corps in the Army of Northern Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet (Confederate general) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/347631/James-Longstreet">www.britannica.com</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="246"><a href="#citable__246"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On August 3, General-in-Chief Henry W. Halleck directed McClellan to begin his final withdrawal from the Peninsula and to return to Northern Virginia to support Pope.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__256" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="256">Longstreet commanded the Right Wing (later to become known as the First Corps) and Jackson commanded the Left Wing.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="256"><a href="#citable__256"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The two corps, Jackson's and Longstreet's, would become three, and two new corps commanders would be named.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War Women: Emily Allison Taylor McLaws</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarwomen.blogspot.com/2009/12/emily-allison-taylor-mclaws.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FWlqT+%28Civil+War+Women%29">civilwarwomen.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="256"><a href="#citable__256"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, was this an independent command for General Longstreet?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="256"><a href="#citable__256"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Neither Jackson nor Longstreet yet formally commanded a corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Battle of Antietam</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/antietam/pope.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__87" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="87">Jackson started the campaign under Lee's orders with a sweeping flanking maneuver that placed his corps into the rear of Union Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to his orders from General Robert E. Lee, Longstreet was to take Charles City Road to Darbytown Road and box in Union General George B. McClellan as he retreated to the river.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Henrico Citizen Online</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.henricocitizen.com/link.asp?smenu=128&twindow=Default&sdetail=1594&mad=No&wpage=1&skeyword=&sidate=">www.henricocitizen.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet fought at the First Battle of Bull Run and within a year was commander of corps in the Army of Northern Virginia under General Robert E. Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>This Day in History 1821: Confederate General James Longstreet born</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=2062">www.history.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Longstreet saw it, the Confederates needed to concentrate troops in Tennessee for an offensive thrust into Kentucky that would relieve the threat posed by Union Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>America’s Civil War: Robert E. Lee and James Longstreet at Odds at Gettysburg » HistoryNet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historynet.com/americas-civil-war-robert-e-lee-and-james-longstreet-at-odds-at-gettysburg.htm">www.historynet.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a name="citable__137" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="137">John Pope's <a href="/Army_of_Virginia" title="Army of Virginia">Army of Virginia</a>, but he then took up a defensive position and effectively invited Pope to assault him.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="137"><a href="#citable__137"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet, instead, favors finding a strong defensive position and making the enemy come to him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Killer Angels: Character Analysis: James Longstreet - CliffsNotes </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/LitNote/The-Killer-Angels-Character-Analysis-James-Longstreet.id-51,pageNum-124.html">www.cliffsnotes.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="137"><a href="#citable__137"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Peninsula Campaign Marker Because Lt. Colonel Benjamin S. Ewell had made little progress on the Williamsburg defenses by late June 1861, General John B. Magruder, commanding the Army of the Peninsula, replaced him with General Lafayette McLaws.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War Women: Emily Allison Taylor McLaws</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarwomen.blogspot.com/2009/12/emily-allison-taylor-mclaws.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FWlqT+%28Civil+War+Women%29">civilwarwomen.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="137"><a href="#citable__137"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Army of Northern Virginia formed a perimeter of defense around the crossing point, but the overcautious Meade left Lee's army unbothered while it rebuilt its pontoon bridge.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__272" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="272">On August 28 and August 29, the start of the <a href="/Second_Battle_of_Bull_Run" title="Second Battle of Bull Run">Second Battle of Bull Run</a>, Pope pounded Jackson as Longstreet and the remainder of the army marched north to reach the battlefield.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="272"><a href="#citable__272"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On 29 August Longstreet and his men reached the Confederate positions at Bull Run.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet, 1821-1904</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_longstreet.html">www.historyofwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="272"><a href="#citable__272"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Battle of Second Bull Run in late August, Hooker's division was attached to Pope's Army of Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="272"><a href="#citable__272"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At Second Bull Run, 30-31 August 1862, Longstreet's wing was instrumental in crushing Pope's army and driving it back to .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__225" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="225">Postwar criticism of Longstreet claimed that he marched his men too slowly, leaving Jackson to bear the brunt of the fighting for two days, but they covered roughly 30 miles (50 km) in a little over 24 hours and Gen.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="225"><a href="#citable__225"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to A.P. Hill, Jackson's men had marched 54 miles in two days.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Battle of Antietam</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/antietam/pope.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="225"><a href="#citable__225"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Nothing Lee had seen in the performance of the Federal troops in two days of fighting suggested that the soldiers were of poor caliber or that their leadership was inept.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="225"><a href="#citable__225"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__223" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="223">Lee did not attempt to get his army concentrated any faster.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="223"><a href="#citable__223"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Without Stuart to provide him with information, Lee did not learn soon enough of the Union concentration north of the Potomac, which resulted in the Battle of Gettysburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="223"><a href="#citable__223"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Finally, the campaign did not lead to the destruction of the enemy because Lee faced an army that was so handled on the field of battle as to make the most of its of excellent personnel.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="223"><a href="#citable__223"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee's plan to roll up the right wing of the Federal army failed on June 26 because Jackson did not reach his assigned position on time.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18"><span>[</span>19<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__214" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="214">When Longstreet's men arrived around midday on August 29, Lee ordered a flanking attack on the Union Army, which was concentrating its attention on Jackson.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="214"><a href="#citable__214"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ewell, Lee changed Longstreet’s orders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="214"><a href="#citable__214"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>McLane's headquarters, I heard Jackson's men attack the regat (sic) of the Union army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JAMES EDWARD CALDWELL</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gen.1starnet.com/civilwar/caldwelj.htm">gen.1starnet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="214"><a href="#citable__214"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As the Union Army concentrated on Centreville, Lee planned his next move.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__69" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="69">Longstreet delayed for the rest of the afternoon, requesting time for personal reconnaissance, forcing a frustrated Lee to issue his order three times.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="69"><a href="#citable__69"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Pendletons own official report, however, and the testimony of Lees staff officers, clearly show that Lee never issued a "dawn attack" order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="69"><a href="#citable__69"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His brigade had driven all before it and was resting behind the stone wall when Longstreet's orders came for it to fall back.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="69"><a href="#citable__69"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Having received his orders from Longstreet to execute Lee's plan, Hood ordered his brigades to attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> By 6:30 p.m. the division of Brig. Gen. <a name="citable__25" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="25"><a href="/John_Bell_Hood" title="John Bell Hood">John Bell Hood</a> moved forward against the troops of the Union <a href="/V_Corps_(ACW)" title="V Corps (ACW)" class="mw-redirect">V Corps</a>, but Longstreet withdrew them at 8:30 p.m.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="25"><a href="#citable__25"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Longstreet has come to visit his friend General John Bell Hood.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="25"><a href="#citable__25"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Bell Hood (Jun 1831 Aug 30, 1879).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="25"><a href="#citable__25"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John William Longstreet died on 30.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Descendants of Wolphert Gerretse Van Kouwenhoven - Person Page 1461</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.conovergenealogy.com/conover-p/p1461.htm">www.conovergenealogy.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__55" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="55">Once again Longstreet was criticized for his performance and the postbellum advocates of the <a href="/Lost_Cause_of_the_Confederacy" title="Lost Cause of the Confederacy">Lost Cause</a> claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="55"><a href="#citable__55"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="55"><a href="#citable__55"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Authors of the Lost Cause movement focused on Longstreet's actions at Gettysburg as a primary reason for the Confederacy's loss of the war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="55"><a href="#citable__55"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The real problem with Longstreets slow movement to his jumping off positions was that there was only about four hours of daylight left when the attack got underway.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Could Pickett's Charge have succeeded? - Page 2 - Straight Dope Message Board</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=538996&goto=newpost">boards.straightdope.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__245" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="245">Lee were a harbinger of his controversial performance to come on July 2, 1863, at the <a href="/Battle_of_Gettysburg" title="Battle of Gettysburg">Battle of Gettysburg</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="245"><a href="#citable__245"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee on August 29 were a harbinger of his controversial performance to come on July 2, 1863, at the Battle of Gettysburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="245"><a href="#citable__245"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's reputation would be later tarnished -- many authorities would say unfairly -- by the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>TDGH - January 8</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/tdgh-jan/jan08.htm">georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="245"><a href="#citable__245"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His most controversial service was at the Battle of Gettysburg, where he disagreed with General Lee on the tactics to be employed and reluctantly supervised the disastrous infantry assault known as Pickett's Charge.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Lee's biographer, <a href="/Douglas_Southall_Freeman" title="Douglas Southall Freeman" class="mw-redirect">Douglas Southall Freeman</a>, wrote: "The seeds of much of the disaster at Gettysburg were sown in that instant—when Lee yielded to Longstreet and Longstreet discovered that he would."<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_19" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-19"><span>[</span>20<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__27" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="27">Despite this criticism, the following day, August 30, was one of Longstreet's finest performances of the war.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At their initial meeting in early May, in all likelihood, Longstreet proposed a plan he had broached to Secretary of War James Seddon in Richmond a few days earlier.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>America’s Civil War: Robert E. Lee and James Longstreet at Odds at Gettysburg » HistoryNet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historynet.com/americas-civil-war-robert-e-lee-and-james-longstreet-at-odds-at-gettysburg.htm">www.historynet.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Arriving in time for the second day's fighting at the Battle of Chickamauga, Longstreet drives half the Union army from the field, helping to achieve one of the greatest Confederate victories of the war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Encyclopedia Virginia: Longstreet, James (1821–1904)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Longstreet_James_1821-1904">www.encyclopediavirginia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__126" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="126">Pope came to believe that Jackson was starting to retreat and Longstreet took advantage of this by launching a massive assault on the Union army's left flank with over 25,000 men.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="126"><a href="#citable__126"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is an army of 70,000 men.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg (film) - Wikiquote</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Gettysburg_(film)">en.wikiquote.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="126"><a href="#citable__126"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jackson, 25 miles in rear of the army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JAMES EDWARD CALDWELL</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gen.1starnet.com/civilwar/caldwelj.htm">gen.1starnet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="126"><a href="#citable__126"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Late in June, the Union Army of the Potomac, 90,000 men, turns north from Virginia to begin the great pursuit up the narrow roads across Maryland and into Pennsylvania.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg (film) - Wikiquote</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Gettysburg_(film)">en.wikiquote.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__161" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="161">For over four hours they "pounded like a giant hammer"<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_20" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-20"><span>[</span>21<span>]</span></a></sup> with Longstreet actively directing artillery fire and sending brigades into the fray.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="161"><a href="#citable__161"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's corps included the divisions of Kershaw and Field, and the artillery brigade under Brig.-Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.evansville.net/tlconner/wilderness.htm">members.evansville.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="161"><a href="#citable__161"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When the Southern infantry charged from the woods, they were met by a terrible artillery fire but continued to advance until they came under the fire of the Union infantry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="161"><a href="#citable__161"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They could easily carry the burden of positioning the guns and directing their fire.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__143" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="143">Longstreet and Lee were together during the assault and both of them came under Union artillery fire.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="143"><a href="#citable__143"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee , we rode together down the Nine Mile road, an , and then gone to the left and waited; so now, Lee , having given orders beforehand to both Jackson down in the meadows to fire upon these wagons.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Named Entity Browser, W. H. F. Lee</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/nebrowser?id=lee,w.,h.,f.&query=Perseus:text:2001.05.0130">www.perseus.tufts.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="143"><a href="#citable__143"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A Great Book...for the Most Part With Lee's death soonafter the War, Longstreet was the most prominent Confederate to write memoirs on the War, and given his responsibilities in both the East and West, he was in...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Manassas-Appomattox-General-James-Longstreet/dp/0306804646">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="143"><a href="#citable__143"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During these trips Longstreet heard folk stories and experienced the back-country lifestyles that he came to record in Georgia Scenes .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MWP: Augustus Baldwin Longstreet (1790-1870)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ms-writers/dir/longstreet_a_b/">www.olemiss.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__173" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="173">Although the Union troops put up a furious defense, Pope's army was forced to retreat in a manner similar to the embarrassing Union defeat at First Bull Run, fought on roughly the same battleground.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="173"><a href="#citable__173"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet distinguished himself in the battles of First Manassas (Bull Run) and Seven Days, and he soon was Lee's most respected subordinate.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>TDGH - January 8</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/tdgh-jan/jan08.htm">georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="173"><a href="#citable__173"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He fought in the 1st and 2nd Battles of Bull Run.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Picture History : James Longstreet (1821-1904)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.picturehistory.com/product/id/16955">www.picturehistory.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="173"><a href="#citable__173"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While Jackson flanked the enemy from their strong position on the Rappahannock, he engaged them at various points on the river, and finally forcing the passage of Thoroughfare Gap, participated in the crushing defeat of Pope's army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/general_james_longstreet.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__273" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="273">Longstreet gave all of the credit for the victory to Lee, describing the campaign as "clever and brilliant."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="273"><a href="#citable__273"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the campaign, Lee described Longstreet as “the staff in my right hand.” .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet: Robert E. Lee’s Most Valuable Soldier » HistoryNet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historynet.com/james-longstreet-robert-e-lees-most-valuable-soldier.htm">www.historynet.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="273"><a href="#citable__273"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet later called the operation “clever and brilliant,” giving the credit to Lee, who “displayed the most brilliant tactical ability” on the battlefield.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet: Robert E. Lee’s Most Valuable Soldier » HistoryNet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historynet.com/james-longstreet-robert-e-lees-most-valuable-soldier.htm">www.historynet.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="273"><a href="#citable__273"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Later, Longstreet described his and Lee’s wartime relationship as “affectionate, confidential, and even tender, from first to last.” When Louise Longstreet gave birth to a son in October 1863, the couple named him Robert Lee Longstreet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet: Robert E. Lee’s Most Valuable Soldier » HistoryNet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historynet.com/james-longstreet-robert-e-lees-most-valuable-soldier.htm">www.historynet.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__58" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="58">It established a strategic model he believed to be ideal—the use of defensive tactics within a strategic offensive.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Remembering the resounding defensive success achieved at Fredericksburg in the previous December, Longstreet believed that the tactical defensive offered the best hope for success.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They have turned to Longstreet’s infatuation with his concept of an offensive- defensive and believe that this hampered the I Corps commander’s performance.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet helped popularize the use of field fortifications and advocated employing defensive tactics when and where practicable.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Encyclopedia Virginia: Longstreet, James (1821–1904)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Longstreet_James_1821-1904">www.encyclopediavirginia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_21" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-21"><span>[</span>22<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__278" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="278">Longstreet's actions in the final two major Confederate defensive battles of 1862 would be the proving grounds for his development of dominant defensive tactics.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Generally, historians write battle engagements of Longstreet as slow-moving, and his preference to defensive strategy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History (9780820312293): William Garrett Piston: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Lees-Tarnished-Lieutenant-Longstreet-Southern/dp/0820312290">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's talents as a general made significant contributions to the Confederate victories at Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Chickamauga, in both offensive and defensive roles.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The major action that occurred in Virginia during 1861 was the Battle of First Manassas, July 21, 1861.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__49" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="49">In the <a href="/Maryland_Campaign" title="Maryland Campaign">Maryland Campaign</a> of September, at the <a href="/Battle_of_Antietam" title="Battle of Antietam">Battle of Antietam</a>, Longstreet held his part of the Confederate defensive line against Union forces twice as numerous.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="49"><a href="#citable__49"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was actively engaged in the subsequent Maryland Campaign and the Battle of Antietam on 17 September.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="49"><a href="#citable__49"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's talents as a general made significant contributions to the Confederate victories at Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Chickamauga, in both offensive and defensive roles.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="49"><a href="#citable__49"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the battle of Chickamauga (September 19-20, 1863), General Braxton Bragg, commanding the Confederate forces around Chattanooga, felt that chasing General Ambrose Burnside from Knoxville back to Kentucky would ease the pressure on him at Chattanooga.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - Knoxville Civil War History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hk-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__45" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="45">After the delaying action Longstreet's corps fought at South Mountain, he retired to <a href="/Sharpsburg,_Maryland" title="Sharpsburg, Maryland">Sharpsburg</a> to join Stonewall Jackson, and prepared to fight a defensive battle.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="45"><a href="#citable__45"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the fall of 1863, Longstreet led his corps west to participate in the battle of Chickamauga (1863) and operations in eastern Tennessee, but returned to the east for the Battle of the Wilderness (1864) and the subsequent defense of Richmond .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> James Longstreet Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/James_Longstreet.aspx">www.encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="45"><a href="#citable__45"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Generally, historians write battle engagements of Longstreet as slow-moving, and his preference to defensive strategy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History (9780820312293): William Garrett Piston: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Lees-Tarnished-Lieutenant-Longstreet-Southern/dp/0820312290">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="45"><a href="#citable__45"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the Maryland campaign, he moved his division from Frederick to Hagerstown , with part of his command holding the South Mountain passes, while Jackson captured Harper's Ferry, and at Sharpsburg, he won additional renown for stubborn and heroic fighting.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/general_james_longstreet.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__101" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="101">Using terrain to his advantage, Longstreet validated his idea that the tactical defense was now vastly superior to the exposed offense.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="101"><a href="#citable__101"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Never one to force his chances, he preferred to wait for a situation like the one at Fredericksburg, where he could prepare his defenses on advantageous terrain and wait for the enemy to shatter himself against them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War General of the Day</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals/general41.html">www.rocemabra.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="101"><a href="#citable__101"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Remembering the resounding defensive success achieved at Fredericksburg in the previous December, Longstreet believed that the tactical defensive offered the best hope for success.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="101"><a href="#citable__101"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the planning of the Gettysburg campaign, Longstreet tried to sell his idea of the "tactical defence" to Richmond - without much success.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lt. Gen. James Longstreet: Morning of 3rd- Opinion Topic - Battle of Gettysburg - Great Battles of the Civil War - American Civil War Message Board - Message Board Yuku</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thecivilwarhomepagediscussion2824.yuku.com/topic/1100/t/Lt-Gen-James-Longstreet-Morning-of-3rd-Opinion-Topic.html?page=4">thecivilwarhomepagediscussion2824.yuku.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> While the offense dominated in the time of <a href="/Napoleon" title="Napoleon" class="mw-redirect">Napoleon</a>, the technological advancements had overturned this. Lt. Col. Harold M. Knudsen claims that Longstreet was one of the few Civil War officers truly aware of this.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_22" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-22"><span>[</span>23<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__183" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="183">At the end of that bloodiest day of the Civil War, Lee greeted his subordinate by saying, "Ah!</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="183"><a href="#citable__183"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet to Lee, July 3, 1863 - Gettysburg, PA James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="183"><a href="#citable__183"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The poster featured lists of Civil War battles, military leaders, and politicians associated with Texas, as well as quotes from Robert E. Lee and G. W. Smith praising the troops.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="183"><a href="#citable__183"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lieutenant General James Longstreet became a controversial public figure after the Civil War had ended.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scalawag - encyclopedia article - Citizendium</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://en.citizendium.org:8080/wiki/Scalawag">en.citizendium.org:8080</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__238" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="238">Here is Longstreet; here's my old <em>war-horse!</em>" On October 9, a few weeks after Antietam, Longstreet was promoted to <a href="/Lieutenant_General_(CSA)" title="Lieutenant General (CSA)" class="mw-redirect">lieutenant general</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="238"><a href="#citable__238"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee would later call Longstreet "My Old War Horse."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="238"><a href="#citable__238"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hood had been promoted to lieutenant general of cavalry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="238"><a href="#citable__238"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In October Longstreet was promoted to lieutenant general and his wing was redesignated the I Corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__63" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="63">Lee arranged for Longstreet's promotion to be dated one day earlier than Jackson's, making the Old War-Horse the senior lieutenant general in the Confederate Army.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Eckenrode, Lee's Old War Horse , 153-165.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>October 9, 1862, he was promoted to lieutenant-general.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/general_james_longstreet.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was appointed a lieutenant general on October 9, 1862, one day before Thomas J. Jackson, making Longstreet the senior lieutenant general in the Confederate Army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__168" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="168">In an army reorganization in November Longstreet's command, now designated the First Corps, consisted of five divisions, approximately 41,000 men.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="168"><a href="#citable__168"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Third Corps, now commanded by Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="168"><a href="#citable__168"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's command thus consisted of the commands of Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="168"><a href="#citable__168"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Alternately known as Longstreet's Command and Longstreet's Corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_23" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-23"><span>[</span>24<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:182px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/01/1/1/9/8947001595007763.png" width="180" height="254" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Fredericksburg.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__191" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="191">In December, Longstreet's First Corps played the decisive role in the <a href="/Battle_of_Fredericksburg" title="Battle of Fredericksburg">Battle of Fredericksburg</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="191"><a href="#citable__191"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First Book for the First Corps , December 8, 2001 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History (9780820312293): William Garrett Piston: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Lees-Tarnished-Lieutenant-Longstreet-Southern/dp/0820312290">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="191"><a href="#citable__191"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreets Corps had not been engaged on the First Day.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Could Pickett's Charge have succeeded? - Page 2 - Straight Dope Message Board</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=538996&goto=newpost">boards.straightdope.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="191"><a href="#citable__191"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's talents as a general made significant contributions to the Confederate victories at Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Chickamauga, in both offensive and defensive roles.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET (James Longstreet) | MySpace</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/generaljameslongstreet">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__128" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="128">Since Lee moved Longstreet to Fredericksburg early, it allowed Longstreet to take the time to dig in portions of his line, methodically site artillery, and set up a kill zone over the axis of advance he thought the Union attack would come.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="128"><a href="#citable__128"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Confederates, coming from the west, attacked the Union line just beyond.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="128"><a href="#citable__128"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee ordered the boys to dig in for the attack he knew was to come.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="128"><a href="#citable__128"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Instead, Lee orders Longstreet to attack the Union center.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Encyclopedia Virginia: Longstreet, James (1821–1904)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Longstreet_James_1821-1904">www.encyclopediavirginia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__188" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="188">Remembering the slaughter at Antietam, in which the Confederates did not construct defensive works, Longstreet ordered trenches, <a href="/Abatis" title="Abatis">abatis</a>, and fieldworks to be constructed, which would set a precedent for future defensive battles of the Army of Northern Virginia.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was not of the "Virginia clique" of the army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet should not be held responsible for...of the Army of Northern Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> James Longstreet Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/James_Longstreet.aspx">www.encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Was Longstreet late in returning to the Army of Northern Virginia, missing the battle of Chancellorsville?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__243" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="243">Additionally, Longstreet positioned his men behind a stone wall at the foot of Marye's Heights and held off fourteen assaults by Union forces.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="243"><a href="#citable__243"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet's left, which was positioned behind a stone wall lining a sunken road at the base of Marye's Heights.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="243"><a href="#citable__243"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The men of Smith's Eighteenth Corps assaulted the position held by Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="243"><a href="#citable__243"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There, the blundering Ambrose Burnside threw his massed Yankee brigades against Longstreet’s newly designated I Corps, on the virtually impregnable Marye’s Heights behind the town.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__249" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="249">About 10,000 Union soldiers fell; Longstreet lost only 500. His great defensive success was not based entirely on the advantage of terrain; this time it was the combination of terrain, defensive works, and a centralized coordination of artillery.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Never one to force his chances, he preferred to wait for a situation like the one at Fredericksburg, where he could prepare his defenses on advantageous terrain and wait for the enemy to shatter himself against them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War General of the Day</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals/general41.html">www.rocemabra.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Edward Porter Alexander, Longstreet's chief of artillery stated that, "It would have been impossible, I think, to find on the continent another earth work so advantageously situated for attack."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The real problem with Longstreets slow movement to his jumping off positions was that there was only about four hours of daylight left when the attack got underway.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Could Pickett's Charge have succeeded? - Page 2 - Straight Dope Message Board</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=538996&goto=newpost">boards.straightdope.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_24" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-24"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Suffolk">Suffolk</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__287" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="287">In the early spring of 1863, Longstreet suggested to Lee that his corps be detached from the Army of Northern Virginia and sent to reinforce the <a href="/Army_of_Tennessee" title="Army of Tennessee">Army of Tennessee</a>, where Gen.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was not of the "Virginia clique" of the army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet's command to reinforce Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee and his staff arrived to welcome Longstreet's Corps back to Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__144" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="144"><a href="/Braxton_Bragg" title="Braxton Bragg">Braxton Bragg</a> was being challenged in <a href="/Middle_Tennessee" title="Middle Tennessee">Middle Tennessee</a> by Union Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bragg to withdrawal and most of Tennessee to be lost; is in Washington city where he has accepted the post of General-in-Chief of the Union army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Vicksburg had fallen, and the Army of Tennessee, under the leadership of Braxton Bragg, seemed incapable of dealing with his Federal counterpart.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In November, 1863, McLaws accompanied Longstreet to Tennessee to come to the aid of General Braxton Bragg 's Army of Tennessee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War Women: Emily Allison Taylor McLaws</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarwomen.blogspot.com/2009/12/emily-allison-taylor-mclaws.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FWlqT+%28Civil+War+Women%29">civilwarwomen.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a name="citable__153" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="153"><a href="/William_S._Rosecrans" title="William S. Rosecrans" class="mw-redirect">William S. Rosecrans</a>, Longstreet's roommate at West Point.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="153"><a href="#citable__153"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet entered West Point in 1838.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="153"><a href="#citable__153"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Swartz was married to a relative of former Union General William S. Rosecrans; Rosecrans had been the roommate of Longstreet at West Point, and their friendship continued throughout the post-war years.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> LONGSTREET'S HEADQUARTERS RE-EXAMINED</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.gdg.org/Research/BattlefieldHistories/kghhdqr.html">www.gdg.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="153"><a href="#citable__153"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By 1837 the politically astute Augustus Longstreet was seeking an appointment to West Point for his nephew.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__300" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="300">It is possible that Longstreet believed that an independent command in the West offered better opportunities for advancement than a corps under Lee's shadow.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="300"><a href="#citable__300"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet hoped to tempt Lee with its possibilities.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="300"><a href="#citable__300"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Alternately known as Longstreet's Command and Longstreet's Corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="300"><a href="#citable__300"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, was this an independent command for General Longstreet?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_25" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-25"><span>[</span>26<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__41" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="41">Lee did detach two divisions from the First Corps, but ordered them to Richmond, not Tennessee.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="41"><a href="#citable__41"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet to command the two detached First Corps divisions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="41"><a href="#citable__41"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee had to give up Longstreet and two of his I Corps divisions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="41"><a href="#citable__41"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In their efforts to show culpable delay in the movements of the First Corps on the 2d, some of the Virginia writers endeavor to show that General Lee did not even give me a guide to lead the way to the field from which his battle was to be opened.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lt. Gen. James Longstreet: Morning of 3rd- Opinion Topic - Battle of Gettysburg - Great Battles of the Civil War - American Civil War Message Board - Message Board Yuku</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thecivilwarhomepagediscussion2824.yuku.com/topic/1100/t/Lt-Gen-James-Longstreet-Morning-of-3rd-Opinion-Topic.html?page=4">thecivilwarhomepagediscussion2824.yuku.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Seaborne movements of the Union <a href="/IX_Corps_(ACW)" title="IX Corps (ACW)" class="mw-redirect">IX Corps</a> potentially threatened vital ports on the mid-Atlantic coast. <a name="citable__74" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="74">The division of George Pickett started for the capital in mid-February, was followed by John Hood's, and then Longstreet himself was ordered to take command of the detached divisions and the Departments of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Pickett's Division was to move immediately, followed by Hood's command.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hood's Division was formally assigned to Longstreet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On February 25, the scope of Longstreet's responsibility was increased as he was assigned to command the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_26" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-26"><span>[</span>27<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__264" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="264">In April, Longstreet <a href="/Siege_of_Suffolk" title="Siege of Suffolk">besieged Union forces</a> in the city of <a href="/Suffolk,_Virginia" title="Suffolk, Virginia">Suffolk, Virginia</a>, a minor operation, but one that was very important to Lee's army, still stationed in war-devastated central Virginia.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="264"><a href="#citable__264"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee was still waiting for an opportunity to counterattack with Longstreet's force.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="264"><a href="#citable__264"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Lee's subordinate, Longstreet well knew his obligations to the army commander as he expressed in a private letter to his uncle, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, written July 24, 1863: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="264"><a href="#citable__264"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Before reading this I had assumed that Jubal Early and others who attacked Longstreet after the war decided he would be a good scapegoat for their and Lee's failures due to his not being from Virginia and because he became a Republican after the war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Manassas-Appomattox-General-James-Longstreet/dp/0306804646">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__269" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="269">It enabled Confederate authorities to collect huge amounts of provisions that had been under Union control.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="269"><a href="#citable__269"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His area was the parts of Arkansas and Louisiana under Confederate control, Texas, and I suppose parts of the Indian Territory, now Oklahoma.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> American Civil War - RateItAll</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rateitall.com/s-4951-american-civil-war.aspx">www.rateitall.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="269"><a href="#citable__269"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On 1 April Union cavalry under the 10,000-man Fifth Corps under GeneralPhilip H. Sheridan attacked the Confederate right flank at Five Forks.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virginians: The Family History of James Moses Overton Hillsman (1835-1918)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.virginians.com/topics/26.htm">www.virginians.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="269"><a href="#citable__269"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Johnston was able to reinforce Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard and defeat the Union army under Major General McDowell decisively at the Battle of First Manassas.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__48" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="48">However, this operation caused Longstreet and 15,000 men of the First Corps to be absent from the <a href="/Battle_of_Chancellorsville" title="Battle of Chancellorsville">Battle of Chancellorsville</a> in May.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="48"><a href="#citable__48"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreets Corps had not been engaged on the First Day.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Could Pickett's Charge have succeeded? - Page 2 - Straight Dope Message Board</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=538996&goto=newpost">boards.straightdope.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="48"><a href="#citable__48"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First battling north of the city, by the second day Union forces had retreated south, forming a strong line as men arrived almost continuously.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blueandgraytrail.com/event/James_Longstreet">blueandgraytrail.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="48"><a href="#citable__48"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__271" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="271">Despite Lee's brilliant victory at Chancellorsville, Longstreet once again came under criticism, claiming that he could have marched his men back from Suffolk in time to join Lee.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="271"><a href="#citable__271"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="271"><a href="#citable__271"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During these trips Longstreet heard folk stories and experienced the back-country lifestyles that he came to record in Georgia Scenes .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MWP: Augustus Baldwin Longstreet (1790-1870)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ms-writers/dir/longstreet_a_b/">www.olemiss.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="271"><a href="#citable__271"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At the Battle of Chancellorsville , while the rest of Longstreet's corps was detached for duty near Suffolk Virginia, McLaws performed well enough when under the direct command of General Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War Women: Emily Allison Taylor McLaws</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarwomen.blogspot.com/2009/12/emily-allison-taylor-mclaws.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FWlqT+%28Civil+War+Women%29">civilwarwomen.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_27" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-27"><span>[</span>28<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__277" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="277">However, from the Chancellorsville and Suffolk scenario, Longstreet brought forward the beginnings of a new Confederate strategy.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="277"><a href="#citable__277"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the war Longstreet settled in New Orleans and became a member of the Republican Party, much to the chagrin of his former Confederate comrades.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="277"><a href="#citable__277"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the spring of 1863 Longstreet operated with part of his corps at Suffolk, Virginia, missing the Battle of Chancellorsville, 1-6 May; but he soon rejoined Lee at Fredericksburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="277"><a href="#citable__277"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>However, Longstreet and his divisions—George Pickett’s and John Bell Hood’s, two crack units—could not return in time for the battle at Chancellorsville.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__1" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="1">These events proved that the Army of Northern Virginia could manage with fewer troops for periods of time, and units could be shifted to create windows of opportunity in other theaters.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="1"><a href="#citable__1"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Army of Northern Virginia had been surrendered."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="1"><a href="#citable__1"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But his real value to the Army of Northern Virginia was not in any of these things.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="1"><a href="#citable__1"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Each mission could create very different requirements for the disposition of the Army of Northern Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__97" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="97">Longstreet advocated the first strategic movements to utilize rail, interior lines, and create temporary numerical advantages in Mississippi or Tennessee prior to Gettysburg.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="97"><a href="#citable__97"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Western Theater action In the aftermath of Gettysburg, as the Army of Northern Virginia refitted and rested from its recent exertions, Longstreet again raised his proposal for a western concentration, utilizing the Confederacy's only real advantage of interior lines.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ngeorgia.com/ang/james_longstreet">ngeorgia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="97"><a href="#citable__97"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The timely arrival of Joseph E. Johnston's troops in 1861 to the plains of Manassas, and the relocation of Braxton Bragg's army in 1862 from central Mississippi to Chattanooga, Tennessee are well documented uses of rail movement to take advantage of interior lines.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="97"><a href="#citable__97"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If Suffolk was Longstreet's first independent command, then how did anyone know his capabilities prior to May 1863?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_28" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-28"><span>[</span>29<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Gettysburg">Gettysburg</span></h3> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Campaign_plans">Campaign plans</span></h4> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__54" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="54">Following Chancellorsville and the death of <a href="/Stonewall_Jackson" title="Stonewall Jackson">Stonewall Jackson</a>, Longstreet and Lee met in mid-May to discuss options for the army's summer campaign.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="54"><a href="#citable__54"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A Great Book...for the Most Part With Lee's death soonafter the War, Longstreet was the most prominent Confederate to write memoirs on the War, and given his responsibilities in both the East and West, he was in...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Manassas-Appomattox-General-James-Longstreet/dp/0306804646">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="54"><a href="#citable__54"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Accidentally wounded at the Wilderness by his own men, as Stonewall Jackson had been in nearly the same area the year before, Longstreet was unable to rejoin Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia until they were already holed up in the trenches around Petersburg during the Confederacy's last gasps of life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ngeorgia.com/ang/james_longstreet">ngeorgia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="54"><a href="#citable__54"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Indeed if Lee had listened to him, it is possible the summer campaigns of 1863 might well have turned out differently, and Longstreet was there to cover the retreat from Gettysburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet: Amazon.co.uk: Jeffrey D. Wert: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.co.uk/General-James-Longstreet-Jeffrey-Wert/dp/0671892878">www.amazon.co.uk</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__218" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="218">Longstreet advocated, once again, detachment of all or part of his corps to be sent to <a href="/Tennessee" title="Tennessee">Tennessee</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="218"><a href="#citable__218"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>February 1865: Embraced part of West Tennessee and all of Mississippi north of the counties of Attala, Holmes, Noxubee, Washington and Winston.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="218"><a href="#citable__218"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These orders may indicate some confusion on Longstreet’s part which followed the end of Pickett's Charge and the general's attempt to consolidate his battered corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="218"><a href="#citable__218"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By late January, the railroads connecting East Tennessee with Richmond had been fully reopened, and limited supplies of food, forage, and clothing were sent to Longstreet's Army from Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The justification for this course of action was becoming more urgent as Union Maj. Gen. <a name="citable__241" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="241"><a href="/Ulysses_S._Grant" title="Ulysses S. Grant">Ulysses S. Grant</a> was advancing on the critical Confederate stronghold on the <a href="/Mississippi_River" title="Mississippi River">Mississippi River</a>, <a href="/Vicksburg,_Mississippi" title="Vicksburg, Mississippi">Vicksburg</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="241"><a href="#citable__241"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Between April 1 and July 4, 1863, General Ulysses S. Grant lay siege to Vicksburg -- the lone obstacle to capture of the Mississippi River and division of the Confederate states.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="241"><a href="#citable__241"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Road to Gettysburg Prior to the campaign that resulted in the battle of Gettysburg, Longstreet offered a plan to Lee and the Richmond government designed to relieve pressure on the important Mississippi River port of Vicksburg, then under attack from the forces under U.S. Grant.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ngeorgia.com/ang/james_longstreet">ngeorgia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="241"><a href="#citable__241"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Believing the Confederate position at Totopotomoy Creek too strong to attack, Grant continued to move southeast toward the Chickahominy River.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__307" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="307">Longstreet argued that a reinforced army under Bragg could defeat Rosecrans and drive toward the <a href="/Ohio_River" title="Ohio River">Ohio River</a>, which would compel Grant to break his hold on Vicksburg.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="307"><a href="#citable__307"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet suggested that more could be accomplished be reinforcing Bragg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="307"><a href="#citable__307"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The next evening, Lee and Longstreet led the army on a retreat from Gettysburg and onto the road that would eventually take them to Appomattox Court House.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="307"><a href="#citable__307"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1878, a special commission under General John M. Schofield exonerated Porter by finding that his reluctance to attack Longstreet probably saved Pope's Army of Virginia from an even greater defeat.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__213" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="213">Lee was opposed to a division of his army and instead advocated a large-scale offensive or raid into <a href="/Pennsylvania" title="Pennsylvania">Pennsylvania</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="213"><a href="#citable__213"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While these orders were being issued, Fitz Lee rode into Petersburg and reported the arrival of his division, which had been started the previous day from the extreme left.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. IV Chap. 3 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/4/3*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="213"><a href="#citable__213"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In addition, Meade’s political guidance translated quite readily into military terms: find, fix, and fight Lee’s army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="213"><a href="#citable__213"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Instead, he let the Army of the Potomac march into the thick, tangled forest known as ``the Wilderness,'' where the Federals' advantages in artillery and manpower would be greatly diminished.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_29" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-29"><span>[</span>30<span>]</span></a></sup> In his memoirs, Longstreet described his reaction to Lee's proposal:</div> <blockquote class="templatequote"> <div>His plan or wishes announced, it became useless and improper to offer suggestions leading to a different course. <a name="citable__155" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="155">All that I could ask was that the policy of the campaign should be one of defensive tactics; that we should work so as to force the enemy to attack us, in such good position as we might find in our own country, so well adapted to that purpose—which might assure us of a grand triumph.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="155"><a href="#citable__155"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet defended his actions maintaining that, "we were not to deliver an offensive battle, but so maneuver that the enemy should be forced to attack us - or, to repeat, that our campaign should be one of offensive strategy, but defensive tactics."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="155"><a href="#citable__155"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Edward Porter Alexander, Longstreet's chief of artillery stated that, "It would have been impossible, I think, to find on the continent another earth work so advantageously situated for attack."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="155"><a href="#citable__155"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A formal hearing was had by the President, with Cooper and Lee , but the proposition was rejected, on the good ground that the enemy was as yet practically within his fortified lines, where he could not be attacked, and could br retation that they should be excluded from all important orders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Named Entity Browser, W. H. F. Lee</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/nebrowser?id=lee,w.,h.,f.&query=Perseus:text:2001.05.0130">www.perseus.tufts.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__141" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="141">To this he readily assented as an important and material adjunct to his general plan.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Bragg did not know of the particulars of the planned troop movements from Virginia and how important Knoxville and the Cumberland Gap had become.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_30" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-30"><span>[</span>31<span>]</span></a></sup></div> </blockquote> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__125" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="125">This was written years after the campaign and is affected by hindsight, both of the results of the battle and of the postbellum criticism of the Lost Cause authors.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This is NOT a book for beginners: unless you know of various campaigns and battles in some detail, you will probably feel bored and lost at various times.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Manassas-Appomattox-General-James-Longstreet/dp/0306804646">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During the Gettysburg campaign, including the Battle of Falling Waters, the 37th Regiment lost ten men killed and seventy-eight wounded.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__231" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="231">In letters of the time Longstreet made no reference to such a bargain with Lee.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="231"><a href="#citable__231"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This is particularly alleged for his part at Gettysburg but visiously-so by a few of Longstreet's contemporaries after Lee, who never publicly made such charges, had died.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History (9780820312293): William Garrett Piston: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Lees-Tarnished-Lieutenant-Longstreet-Southern/dp/0820312290">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="231"><a href="#citable__231"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Lee's subordinate, Longstreet well knew his obligations to the army commander as he expressed in a private letter to his uncle, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, written July 24, 1863: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="231"><a href="#citable__231"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>No reference to the receipt of any such telegram is made by General Lee in his own dispatches that day, nor did he make any such dispositions prior to the news of the battle, as he would certainly have undertaken had he received such a warning of this character.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. IV Chap. 3 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/4/3*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__140" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="140">In April 1868, Lee said that he "had never made any such promise, and had never thought of doing any such thing."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This is particularly alleged for his part at Gettysburg but visiously-so by a few of Longstreet's contemporaries after Lee, who never publicly made such charges, had died.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History (9780820312293): William Garrett Piston: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Lees-Tarnished-Lieutenant-Longstreet-Southern/dp/0820312290">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In due course, Longstreet asked four of Lee’s wartime staff about this accusation, and all four insisted Lee had never said anything to them about any July 2 dawn attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Stating that “There never were such men in an army before,” Lee knew they were invincible if they were properly led and organized.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__288" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="288">Yet in his post-battle report, Lee wrote, "It had not been intended to fight a general battle at such a distance from our base, unless attacked by the enemy."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee was caught generally unaware of the enemy, and Meade was looking for a fight.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>McLaws accomplish his mission, but Lee was disappointed that McLaws had not attacked more aggressively and caused more harm to the enemy, instead of letting him escape across the Rappahannock River.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Civil War Women: Emily Allison Taylor McLaws</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarwomen.blogspot.com/2009/12/emily-allison-taylor-mclaws.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FWlqT+%28Civil+War+Women%29">civilwarwomen.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A formal hearing was had by the President, with Cooper and Lee , but the proposition was rejected, on the good ground that the enemy was as yet practically within his fortified lines, where he could not be attacked, and could br retation that they should be excluded from all important orders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Named Entity Browser, W. H. F. Lee</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/nebrowser?id=lee,w.,h.,f.&query=Perseus:text:2001.05.0130">www.perseus.tufts.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_31" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-31"><span>[</span>32<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__152" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="152">The <a href="/Army_of_Northern_Virginia" title="Army of Northern Virginia">Army of Northern Virginia</a> was reorganized after Jackson's death.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="152"><a href="#citable__152"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Army of Northern Virginia had been surrendered."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="152"><a href="#citable__152"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Following the Chancellorsville campaign and the death of Jackson, the Army of Northern Virginia was reorganized into three corps under Generals James Longstreet (lst Corps), Richard S. Ewell (2nd Corps), and A. P. Hill (3rd Corps).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="152"><a href="#citable__152"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Army of Northern Virginia formed a perimeter of defense around the crossing point, but the overcautious Meade left Lee's army unbothered while it rebuilt its pontoon bridge.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__202" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="202">Two division commanders, <a href="/Richard_S._Ewell" title="Richard S. Ewell">Richard S. Ewell</a> and <a href="/A.P._Hill" title="A.P. Hill" class="mw-redirect">A.P. Hill</a>, were promoted to lieutenant general and assumed command of the Second and the newly created Third Corps respectively.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="202"><a href="#citable__202"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Third Corps, now commanded by Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="202"><a href="#citable__202"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Command of the division was assumed by Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="202"><a href="#citable__202"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hood had been promoted to lieutenant general of cavalry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__109" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="109">Longstreet's First Corps gave up the division of Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="109"><a href="#citable__109"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet to command the two detached First Corps divisions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="109"><a href="#citable__109"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee had to give up Longstreet and two of his I Corps divisions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="109"><a href="#citable__109"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Two of Longstreet's divisions, Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a name="citable__18" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="18"><a href="/Richard_H._Anderson" title="Richard H. Anderson">Richard H. Anderson</a> during the reorganization, leaving him with the divisions of Lafayette McLaws, George Pickett, and John Hood.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="18"><a href="#citable__18"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>George E. Pickett, and his division were still at Chambersburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="18"><a href="#citable__18"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The divisions of Major Generals Lafayette McLaws and John Bell Hood made the trip.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="18"><a href="#citable__18"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet argued that while Pickett’s division was fresh, Hood’s and McLaws’ divisions were not.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_32" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-32"><span>[</span>33<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__252" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="252">In the initial movements of the campaign, Longstreet's corps followed Ewell's through the <a href="/Shenandoah_Valley" title="Shenandoah Valley">Shenandoah Valley</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="252"><a href="#citable__252"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Ewell's corps moved first and was followed by Longstreet's corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="252"><a href="#citable__252"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Richard Ewell’s corps also marched west for the Shenandoah Valley.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="252"><a href="#citable__252"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee had used Longstreet's brigades to feign a movement east of the Blue Ridge Mountains toward Washington and screen the Second Corps' movement toward the Shenandoah Valley.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__229" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="229">A spy he had hired, <a href="/Henry_Thomas_Harrison" title="Henry Thomas Harrison">Harrison</a>, was instrumental in warning the Confederates that the Union <a href="/Army_of_the_Potomac" title="Army of the Potomac">Army of the Potomac</a> was advancing north to meet them more quickly than they had anticipated, prompting Lee to order the immediate concentration of his army near <a href="/Gettysburg,_Pennsylvania" title="Gettysburg, Pennsylvania">Gettysburg, Pennsylvania</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="229"><a href="#citable__229"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee was a much better general than any from the union army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> American Civil War - RateItAll</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rateitall.com/s-4951-american-civil-war.aspx">www.rateitall.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="229"><a href="#citable__229"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As the Union Army concentrated on Centreville, Lee planned his next move.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="229"><a href="#citable__229"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Settle left the Confederate Army after one year and returned to his post as solicitor of North Carolina's fourth judicial circuit, where he agonized over home-front turmoil.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scalawag - encyclopedia article - Citizendium</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://en.citizendium.org:8080/wiki/Scalawag">en.citizendium.org:8080</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_33" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-33"><span>[</span>34<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Battle_of_Gettysburg">Battle of Gettysburg</span></h4> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:182px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/3/9/8/48282784247500973.png" width="180" height="276" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Gettysburg, July 2.</div> </div> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:182px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/3/7/4/57855321687475794.png" width="180" height="230" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Pickett's Charge, July 3.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__70" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="70">Longstreet's actions at the <a href="/Battle_of_Gettysburg" title="Battle of Gettysburg">Battle of Gettysburg</a> would be the centerpiece of the controversy that surrounded him for over a century.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Gettysburg would have been known as a rather large skirmish and that the major battle would have happened elsewhere after the Union redeployed to more favorable ground.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Could Pickett's Charge have succeeded? - Page 2 - Straight Dope Message Board</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=538996&goto=newpost">boards.straightdope.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Without Stuart to provide him with information, Lee did not learn soon enough of the Union concentration north of the Potomac, which resulted in the Battle of Gettysburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Selected Biographical Sketches</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/StaffRide/Antietam/Bios.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The next evening, Lee and Longstreet led the army on a retreat from Gettysburg and onto the road that would eventually take them to Appomattox Court House.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__274" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="274">Ahead of his troops he arrived on the battlefield late in the afternoon of the first day, July 1, 1863. By then, two Union corps had been driven by Ewell and Hill back through the town into defensive positions on <a href="/Cemetery_Hill" title="Cemetery Hill">Cemetery Hill</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="274"><a href="#citable__274"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ewell (with all local defense troops in position) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. IV Chap. 3 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/4/3*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="274"><a href="#citable__274"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On July 1, Confederate forces converged on the town from west and north, driving Union defenders back through the streets to Cemetery Hill.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>15 Regiment, Alabama Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~alhenry2/civil_war_15th_alabama.html">www.rootsweb.ancestry.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="274"><a href="#citable__274"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Two whole Union Corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Killer Angels, Michael Shaara, Book - Barnes & Noble</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://search.barnesandnoble.com/The-Killer-Angels/Michael-Shaara/e/9780345348104/">search.barnesandnoble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__187" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="187">Lee had not intended to fight before his army was fully concentrated, but chance and questionable decisions by A.P. Hill brought on the battle, which was an impressive Confederate victory on the first day.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="187"><a href="#citable__187"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Nothing Lee had seen in the performance of the Federal troops in two days of fighting suggested that the soldiers were of poor caliber or that their leadership was inept.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="187"><a href="#citable__187"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is notable, too, that this order not only failed to urge 9, 1865, the last fighting between the same two armies took place, upon their land as the first had done.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Named Entity Browser, W. H. F. Lee</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/nebrowser?id=lee,w.,h.,f.&query=Perseus:text:2001.05.0130">www.perseus.tufts.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="187"><a href="#citable__187"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In addition, Meade’s political guidance translated quite readily into military terms: find, fix, and fight Lee’s army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__93" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="93">Meeting with Lee, Longstreet was concerned about the strength of the Union defensive position and advocated a strategic movement around the left flank of the enemy, to "secure good ground between him and his capital," which would presumably compel the Union commander, Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="93"><a href="#citable__93"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Believing this, then, Lee might not be too concerned about the enemy’s army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="93"><a href="#citable__93"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's command thus consisted of the commands of Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="93"><a href="#citable__93"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Meanwhile, overall Union Commander Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a name="citable__116" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="116"><a href="/George_G._Meade" title="George G. Meade" class="mw-redirect">George G. Meade</a>, to attack defensive positions erected by the Confederates.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="116"><a href="#citable__116"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Confederates, sallying from their defenses, attacked General Winfield Scott Hancock's Brigade holding the right of the Union line south of the river.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="116"><a href="#citable__116"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet and his subordinates again argued to Lee that they should not be attacking a force they considered to be placed in a strong defensive position, and for the third time, Lee canceled the planned assault.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="116"><a href="#citable__116"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Meade finally had his army assembled in front of the Confederate positions at Williamsport on 12 July.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__13" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="13">Instead, Lee exclaimed, "If the enemy is there tomorrow, we must attack him."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet must be here,’ Lee exclaimed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Instead of attacking the Federal left directly, he argued that the Army of Northern Virginia should slip around the enemy’s left and position itself so the Yankees would have to attack to dislodge them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When he let Lee convince him to attack where and when he did on Day 2, it doomed the Confederate battleplan.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Could Pickett's Charge have succeeded? - Page 2 - Straight Dope Message Board</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=538996&goto=newpost">boards.straightdope.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_34" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-34"><span>[</span>35<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__57" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="57">Lee's plan for July 2 called for Longstreet to attack the Union's left flank, which would be followed up by Hill's attack on <a href="/Cemetery_Ridge" title="Cemetery Ridge">Cemetery Ridge</a> near the center, while Ewell demonstrated on the Union right.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Then, too, Lee expected Hill to link up with Longstreet’s turning force.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While Lee waited for Ewell to attack (if practicable), Longstreet rode up and joined him on Seminary Ridge.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee's attack plan.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg, Stephen Lang, DVD - Barnes & Noble</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://video.barnesandnoble.com/DVD/Gettysburg/Stephen-Lang/e/053939613926">video.barnesandnoble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__285" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="285">Longstreet was not ready to attack as early as Lee envisioned.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="285"><a href="#citable__285"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Before reading this I had assumed that Jubal Early and others who attacked Longstreet after the war decided he would be a good scapegoat for their and Lee's failures due to his not being from Virginia and because he became a Republican after the war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Manassas-Appomattox-General-James-Longstreet/dp/0306804646">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="285"><a href="#citable__285"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It should be understood that Longstreet wrote these memoirs in defense of his reputation, which was under attack by Jubal Early, FitzHugh Lee, and others in an attempt to shift blame from the deceased Robert E. Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Manassas-Appomattox-General-James-Longstreet/dp/0306804646">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="285"><a href="#citable__285"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Having received his orders from Longstreet to execute Lee's plan, Hood ordered his brigades to attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He received permission from Lee to wait for Brig. Gen. <a name="citable__149" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="149"><a href="/Evander_M._Law" title="Evander M. Law">Evander M. Law</a>'s brigade (Hood's division) to reach the field before he advanced any of his other brigades; Law marched his men quickly, but did not arrive until noon.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Whiting deployed his division in a line with Law's Brigade to the right of Hood's.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Evander Law was given temporary command of Hood's Division.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Evander Law then assumed command of Hood's Division.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__67" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="67">Three of Longstreet's brigades were still in march column, and some distance from the attack positions they would need to reach.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="67"><a href="#citable__67"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was still hopeful that Meade would attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="67"><a href="#citable__67"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They were still an hour's march from Hill's precarious position.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="67"><a href="#citable__67"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Edward Porter Alexander, Longstreet's chief of artillery stated that, "It would have been impossible, I think, to find on the continent another earth work so advantageously situated for attack."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_35" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-35"><span>[</span>36<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__72" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="72">All of Longstreet's divisions were forced to take a long detour while approaching the enemy position, mislead by inadequate reconnaissance that failed to identify a completely concealed route.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For the next two days, the Texas Brigade kept up a steady fire against the strong Federal position, but failed to drive the enemy from it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It would take a long time for all of his army to arrive at the scene of battle.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It took a long time for Johnson’s division to get into position to launch an assault, and suitable artillery positions were difficult to find.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_36" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-36"><span>[</span>37<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__148" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="148">Postbellum criticism of Longstreet claims that he was ordered by Lee to attack in the early morning and that his delays were a significant contributor to the loss of the battle.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="148"><a href="#citable__148"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ewell, Lee changed Longstreet’s orders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="148"><a href="#citable__148"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Before reading this I had assumed that Jubal Early and others who attacked Longstreet after the war decided he would be a good scapegoat for their and Lee's failures due to his not being from Virginia and because he became a Republican after the war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Manassas-Appomattox-General-James-Longstreet/dp/0306804646">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="148"><a href="#citable__148"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It should be understood that Longstreet wrote these memoirs in defense of his reputation, which was under attack by Jubal Early, FitzHugh Lee, and others in an attempt to shift blame from the deceased Robert E. Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Manassas-Appomattox-General-James-Longstreet/dp/0306804646">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_37" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-37"><span>[</span>38<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__91" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="91">However, Lee agreed to the delays for arriving troops and did not issue his formal order for the attack until 11 a.m.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="91"><a href="#citable__91"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee’s attack did not start until about 1600.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="91"><a href="#citable__91"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Pendletons own official report, however, and the testimony of Lees staff officers, clearly show that Lee never issued a "dawn attack" order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="91"><a href="#citable__91"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Having received his orders from Longstreet to execute Lee's plan, Hood ordered his brigades to attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__77" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="77">Although Longstreet's motivations have long been clouded by the vitriol of the Lost Cause partisans (see <a href="/James_Longstreet" title="James Longstreet">Legacy</a>), many historians agree that Longstreet did not aggressively pursue Lee's orders to launch an attack as early as possible.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="77"><a href="#citable__77"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ewell, Lee changed Longstreet’s orders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="77"><a href="#citable__77"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was always subject to Lee orders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="77"><a href="#citable__77"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There can be no doubt that Longstreet was opposed to Lee’s aggressively offensive stance at Gettysburg, but his opposition can be studied absent the automatic presumption that he therefore did his best to sabotage operations on July 2 and 3.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__38" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="38">Biographer Jeffry D. Wert wrote, "Longstreet deserves censure for his performance on the morning of July 2. He allowed his disagreement with Lee's decision to affect his conduct.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="38"><a href="#citable__38"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee's biographer, Douglas Southall Freeman, wrote: "The seeds of much of the disaster at Gettysburg were sown in that instant—when Lee yielded to Longstreet and Longstreet discovered that he would 2 years ago 0 Rating: Good Answer 0 Rating: Bad Answer Report Abuse by crazymon...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="38"><a href="#citable__38"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Upon Ewell’s return, Lee explained again that Ewell’s corps was to conduct a demonstration in support of Longstreet’s attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="38"><a href="#citable__38"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was chafing to attack; Jackson's judgment was p229 against it; Lee did not attempt a decision until he had thoroughly surveyed every line of approach.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__79" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="79">Once the commanding general determined to assail the enemy, duty required Longstreet to comply with the vigor and thoroughness that had previously characterized his generalship.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="79"><a href="#citable__79"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, was this an independent command for General Longstreet?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="79"><a href="#citable__79"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Prior to that, General Longstreet had been readying his command for his share of the upcoming battle.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="79"><a href="#citable__79"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Once across the Tennessee, Longstreet ordered a vigorous pursuit of Burnside's army as it slowly withdrew toward Knoxville.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__166" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="166">The concern for detail, the regard for timely information, and the need for preparation were absent."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="166"><a href="#citable__166"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>September 26, 2009: An excellent book that details the battle of Gettysburg, having been there several times this is probably the most factual book regarding the battle.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Killer Angels, Michael Shaara, Book - Barnes & Noble</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://search.barnesandnoble.com/The-Killer-Angels/Michael-Shaara/e/9780345348104/">search.barnesandnoble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="166"><a href="#citable__166"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On July 7th, however, Lee was incensed to read in the Richmond Daily Dispatch detailed information concerning the positions and movements of Jackson, Longstreet and A.P. Hill.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Battle of Antietam</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/antietam/pope.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="166"><a href="#citable__166"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He particularized only in one respect concerning the reasons for McClellan's escape: "Prominent among these," he said, "is the want of correct and timely information.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_38" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-38"><span>[</span>39<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__158" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="158">Military historians Herman Hattaway and Archer Jones wrote, "Unenthusiastic about the attack, Longstreet consumed so much time in properly assembling and aligning the corps that the assault did not commence until 4 p.m.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="158"><a href="#citable__158"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee’s attack did not start until about 1600.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="158"><a href="#citable__158"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The real problem with Longstreets slow movement to his jumping off positions was that there was only about four hours of daylight left when the attack got underway.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Could Pickett's Charge have succeeded? - Page 2 - Straight Dope Message Board</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=538996&goto=newpost">boards.straightdope.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="158"><a href="#citable__158"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Anderson was about to comply when Longstreet countermanded his orders, adding "that it was useless, and would only involve unnecessary loss, the assault having failed."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__108" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="108">During all the time that passed, Meade continued to move in troops to bring about a more and more complete concentration; by 6 p.m.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="108"><a href="#citable__108"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was now being concentrated and we crossed a range of mountains, passed a town called Paris, and moved toward Gettysburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JAMES EDWARD CALDWELL</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gen.1starnet.com/civilwar/caldwelj.htm">gen.1starnet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="108"><a href="#citable__108"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Argento himself is interviewed several times during the  Read More .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Franciscus Filmography</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fandango.com/jamesfranciscus/filmography/p90326">www.fandango.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="108"><a href="#citable__108"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Reynolds informed Meade of the unfolding events and continued to push his troops hard.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> he had achieve numerical superiority and had his left well covered."<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_39" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-39"><span>[</span>40<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__26" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="26">Campaign historian Edwin Coddington presents a lengthy description of the approach march, which he described as "a comedy of errors such as one might expect of inexperienced commanders and raw militia, but not of Lee's "War Horse" and his veteran troops."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="26"><a href="#citable__26"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some writers, such as Donald B. Sanger, Edwin B. Coddington, William G. Piston, and Carol Reardon, have been more objective in their approach to the events of July 3 and to Longstreets role.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="26"><a href="#citable__26"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some writers, such as Donald B. Sanger, Edwin B. Coddington, William G. Piston, and Carol Reardon, have been more objective in their approach to the events of July 3 and to Longstreet’s role.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="26"><a href="#citable__26"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(After the war in a conversation with William Preston Johnston, Lee was quoted as saying that ‘Ewell showed vacillation [at the Wilderness] that prevented him from getting all out of his troops he might.’) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__244" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="244">He called the episode "a dark moment in Longstreet's career as a general."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="244"><a href="#citable__244"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bragg called Longstreet “disrespectful and insubordinate” and was glad to send the general off against the Federals holding Knoxville.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="244"><a href="#citable__244"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Looking at Longstreet’s war record in its entirety—and being careful to stop at the moment he stopped fighting in 1865—it is easy to see why his biographer Jeffry D. Wert calls him “arguably the best corps commander in the conflict on either side.” His record had its checkered moments, to be sure (what Civil War general’s does not?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jcs-group.com/military/war1861people/longstreet.html">www.jcs-group.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="244"><a href="#citable__244"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Longstreet's military career ended with the demise of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House in 1865.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_40" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-40"><span>[</span>41<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__207" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="207">Gettysburg historian Harry Pfanz concluded that "Longstreet's angry dissidence had resulted in further wasted time and delay."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="207"><a href="#citable__207"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While the end result may not have been the most smoothly functioning organization, in the time given, Longstreet at least attempted to make a contribution.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="207"><a href="#citable__207"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Pendleton did report that Longstreets ordnance train had been moved further to the rear from "the convenient locality I had assigned it," necessitating a longer time in refilling the caissons.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="207"><a href="#citable__207"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>That request, however, came at the same time that Bragg was refusing any support to further extend the results Longstreet had gained.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_41" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-41"><span>[</span>42<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__11" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="11">David L. Callihan, in a 2002 reassessment of Longstreet's legacy, wrote, "It is appalling that a field commander of Longstreet's experience and caliber would so cavalierly and ineptly march and prepare his men for battle."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="11"><a href="#citable__11"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet himself to take command of the two marching divisions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="11"><a href="#citable__11"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Before McClellan returned to Lee, Field received a second order from Longstreet to march at 1 am.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="11"><a href="#citable__11"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Prior to that, General Longstreet had been readying his command for his share of the upcoming battle.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_42" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-42"><span>[</span>43<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__250" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="250">An alternative view has been expressed by John Lott, "General Longstreet did all that could be expected on the 2nd day and any allegations of failing to exercise his duty by ordering a morning can be repudiated.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I consider it a part of my duty to express my views to the commanding general.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After all Longstreet was a general not a scholar.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: From Manassas to Appomattox: General James Longstreet (9780306804649): General James Longstreet: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Manassas-Appomattox-General-James-Longstreet/dp/0306804646">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Federal cavalry did its job well, making contact on the morning of the First Day, holding position long enough to force Hills corps to deploy and until Reynolds and Howard could come up.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Could Pickett's Charge have succeeded? - Page 2 - Straight Dope Message Board</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=538996&goto=newpost">boards.straightdope.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__308" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="308">It would have been impossible to have commenced an attack much earlier than it occurred, and it is doubtful that the Confederacy could have placed the attack in any more secure hands than General Longstreet."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="308"><a href="#citable__308"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is impossible to please Longstreet more than by praising Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="308"><a href="#citable__308"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Edward Porter Alexander, Longstreet's chief of artillery stated that, "It would have been impossible, I think, to find on the continent another earth work so advantageously situated for attack."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="308"><a href="#citable__308"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Generals D. H. Hill's and James Longstreet's divisions were placed on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, and General A. P. Hill's division, of which Branch's brigade was a part, was positioned to the northwest on the Meadow Bridge Road.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_43" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-43"><span>[</span>44<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__204" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="204">Regardless of the controversy regarding the preparations, however, once the assault began around 4 p.m., Longstreet pressed the assault by McLaws and Hood (Pickett's division had not yet arrived) competently against fierce Union resistance, but it was largely unsuccessful, with significant casualties.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="204"><a href="#citable__204"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was on the 28th that Lee began to prepare for the movement of Pickett's division to the right.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. IV Chap. 3 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/4/3*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="204"><a href="#citable__204"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hood's Division was formally assigned to Longstreet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="204"><a href="#citable__204"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet’s powerful counterattack began around 6 a.m.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_44" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-44"><span>[</span>45<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__254" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="254">On July 3, Lee ordered Longstreet to coordinate a massive assault on the center of the Union line, employing the division of George Pickett and brigades from A.P. Hill's corps.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="254"><a href="#citable__254"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet ordered Hood's Division and two brigades of Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="254"><a href="#citable__254"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ewell, Lee changed Longstreet’s orders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="254"><a href="#citable__254"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>L: Pickett's division is from my corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__236" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="236">Longstreet knew this assault had little chance of success.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="236"><a href="#citable__236"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To what extent Longstreet's lack of faith in the attack doomed its chances of success became a matter of bitter debate for many Confederates and their partisans.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="236"><a href="#citable__236"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Whether deliberately or unintentionally, Longstreet did not give all of his considerable talents to making sure the attack had every chance of success.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="236"><a href="#citable__236"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With the Federal army in possession of the east Tennessee city General Longstreet attempted to retake the city and drive the invaders from it, but with little success.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__232" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="232">The Union Army was in a position reminiscent of the one Longstreet had harnessed at Fredericksburg to defeat Burnside's assault.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="232"><a href="#citable__232"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When it became apparent that the Federal army, under General Ambrose E. Burnside, was concentrating on the Rappahannock River opposite Fredericksburg, Lee ordered Longstreet to occupy the heights overlooking the town while Jackson's men went into position on Longstreet's right and downstream at Skinker's Neck and Port Royal.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="232"><a href="#citable__232"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One wonders how much credence to give this report, for it has the ring of a memory manufactured in the wake of the tremendous controversy surrounding Longstreet's lack of enthusiasm for the assault.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="232"><a href="#citable__232"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's tactics were to move one of his infantry divisions directly at Burnside's position, while with the other he turned its flank and sought to get to the rear.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>SAXET GUN SHOWS ebooks - MILITARY REMINISCENCES OF THE CIVIL WAR V2 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.saxetshows.com/mrcw2/03.htm">www.saxetshows.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__295" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="295">The Confederates would have to cover almost a mile of open ground and spend time negotiating sturdy fences under fire.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="295"><a href="#citable__295"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"First our howitzers rigged as mortars were to open and have a reasonable time to practice and get their ranges, before any other shots were fired by anything else.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="295"><a href="#citable__295"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On November 23, the Texas Brigade, after much long-range skirmishing and under artillery fire, opened the attack on the main Federal line.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="295"><a href="#citable__295"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With the Confederate determination to be independent from the United States it is at times nessesary to protect that independence by commandeering areas of territory that the United States has claim, but not ownership; as she would otherwise lay claim to have.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__184" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="184">The lessons of Fredericksburg and <a href="/Battle_of_Malvern_Hill" title="Battle of Malvern Hill">Malvern Hill</a> were lost to Lee on this day.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="184"><a href="#citable__184"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee lost half of his troops in these two rearguard actions, which foreshadowed the surrender at Appomattox three days later.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="184"><a href="#citable__184"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee had said he intended to march every man he had upon that cemetery hill that day."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="184"><a href="#citable__184"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>June 1862-01 July 1862: Forces originally of this department took part in the Seven Days Campaign (25 June 1862-01 July 1862), most notably in the Battle of Malvern Hill (01 July 1862).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> In his book, Longstreet claims to have told Lee:</div> <a name="citable__227" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="227"><blockquote class="templatequote"> <div>General, I have been a soldier all my life.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="227"><a href="#citable__227"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Colonel E. P. Alexander, responsible for directing most of the Confederate guns on Longstreet's front on July 3, wrote his father that Longstreet opposed the attack because the, "enemys position was so powerful, entirely sweeping the 1200 yards over which we had to advance, that it was of doubtful success," adding that Longstreet announced, "General, I have been a soldier all my life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="227"><a href="#citable__227"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Colonel E. P. Alexander , responsible for directing most of the Confederate guns on Longstreet's front on July 3, wrote his father that Longstreet opposed the attack because the, "enemy’s position was so powerful, entirely sweeping the 1200 yards over which we had to advance, that it was of doubtful success," adding that Longstreet announced, "General, I have been a soldier all my life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="227"><a href="#citable__227"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"General, I have been a soldier all my life," he remonstrated, speaking more bluntly than ever before to Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__47" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="47">I have been with soldiers engaged in fights by couples, by squads, companies, regiments, divisions, and armies, and should know, as well as any one, what soldiers can do.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="47"><a href="#citable__47"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I have been with soldiers engaged in fights by couples, by squads, companies, regiments, divisions, and armies, and should know as well as any one, what soldiers can do.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="47"><a href="#citable__47"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"I have been with soldiers engaged in fights by couples, by squads, companies, regiments, divisions and armies, and should know as well as any one what soldiers can do.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="47"><a href="#citable__47"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With most of their company officers dead or wounded, the men attacked through the boulders as squads instead of regiments.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__212" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="212">It is my opinion that no fifteen thousand men ever arranged for battle can take that position.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is my opinion that no 15,000 men ever arrayed for battle can take that position."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is my opinion that no fifteen thousand men ever arrayed for battle can take that position."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A splendid army almost demoralized, millions of public property given up or destroyed, thousands of lives of our best men sacrificed for no purpose.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_45" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-45"><span>[</span>46<span>]</span></a></sup></div> </blockquote> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__217" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="217">During the artillery barrage that preceded the infantry assault, Longstreet began to agonize over an assault that was going to cost dearly.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After sunset on May 3 the ordeal began -- thousands marching along two muddy roads with mired wagons and artillery pieces shouldered out of the mud by infantry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If the guns could seriously damage the Union artillery and kill at least a few Federal infantry, the assaulting column would have a fighting chance.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Schenk and Reynolds, subjected to a heavy artillery barrage, answered with counterbattery fire, but did not advance their infantry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He attempted to pass the responsibility for launching Pickett's division to his artillery chief, Col. <a href="/Edward_Porter_Alexander" title="Edward Porter Alexander">Edward Porter Alexander</a>. <a name="citable__73" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="73">When the time came to actually order Pickett forward, Longstreet could only nod in assent, unable to verbalize the order.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="73"><a href="#citable__73"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His brigade had driven all before it and was resting behind the stone wall when Longstreet's orders came for it to fall back.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="73"><a href="#citable__73"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Anderson was about to comply when Longstreet countermanded his orders, adding "that it was useless, and would only involve unnecessary loss, the assault having failed."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="73"><a href="#citable__73"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At that time "three staff officers in quick succession (one from the major-general commanding division) gave me orders to advance to the support of Picketts division."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__10" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="10">The assault, known as <a href="/Pickett%27s_Charge" title="Pickett's Charge">Pickett's Charge</a>, suffered the heavy casualties that Longstreet anticipated.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Back on Seminary Ridge, Generals Lee and Longstreet rallied the remnants of Pickett’s assault force as they streamed back across the field under artillery fire.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet, "rode once or twice along the ground between Pickett and the Federals, examining the positions and studying the matter over in all its phases so far as we could anticipate."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These orders may indicate some confusion on Longstreet’s part which followed the end of Pickett's Charge and the general's attempt to consolidate his battered corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__171" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="171">It was the decisive point in the Confederate loss at Gettysburg and Lee ordered a retreat back to Virginia the following day.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="171"><a href="#citable__171"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By then, Lee was safely back on Virginia soil.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="171"><a href="#citable__171"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To save his army, Lee ordered the trenches evacuated and a retreat started toward Danville, where the Confederate Cabinet had already fled, hoping to join forces with GeneralJoe Johnston and his army in North Carolina.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virginians: The Family History of James Moses Overton Hillsman (1835-1918)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.virginians.com/topics/26.htm">www.virginians.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="171"><a href="#citable__171"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The next evening, Lee and Longstreet led the army on a retreat from Gettysburg and onto the road that would eventually take them to Appomattox Court House.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_46" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-46"><span>[</span>47<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Criticism of Longstreet after the war was based not only on his reputed conduct at the Battle of Gettysburg, but also intemperate remarks he made about Robert E. Lee and his strategies, such as:</div> <a name="citable__224" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="224"><blockquote class="templatequote"> <div>That he [Lee] was excited and off his balance was evident on the afternoon of the 1st, and he labored under that oppression until enough blood was shed to appease him.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One modern writer believes Lee and Longstreet consulted off and on from 4:30 until at least 10:00 that morning.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Later in the afternoon, Stuart announced that he had held the high ground north of the Federal position until driven off about 2 P.M. by a superior force.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Wilcox showed up to report the sorry state of his command, Lee sent him off to find help.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_47" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-47"><span>[</span>48<span>]</span></a></sup></div> </blockquote> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Tennessee">Tennessee</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__119" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="119">In mid-August 1863, Longstreet resumed his attempts to be transferred to the Western Theater.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="119"><a href="#citable__119"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Longstreet would spend the spring of 1863 in southeastern Virginia rounding up supplies for the Army of Northern Virginia, and attempting to force a Union army out of Suffolk, Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="119"><a href="#citable__119"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After a scanty breakfast, the brigade resumed its march and reached Thoroughfare Gap by mid-afternoon of August 28.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="119"><a href="#citable__119"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>September of 1863 the Confederates would attempt their largest transfer of troops by rails.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__170" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="170">He wrote a private letter to <a href="/Confederate_States_Secretary_of_War" title="Confederate States Secretary of War">Secretary of War</a> <a href="/James_Seddon" title="James Seddon">James Seddon</a>, requesting that he be transferred to serve under his old friend Gen.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="170"><a href="#citable__170"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He wrote Secretary of War James Seddon requesting a transfer west, and urged that the Army of Northern Virginia reinforce the Army of Tennessee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="170"><a href="#citable__170"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet and the second under Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="170"><a href="#citable__170"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In mid-May Lee discussed alternatives with President Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War James Seddon, and other members of the Confederate cabinet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Joseph_E._Johnston" title="Joseph E. Johnston">Joseph E. Johnston</a>. <a name="citable__138" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="138">He followed this up in conversations with his congressional ally, Senator <a href="/Louis_Wigfall" title="Louis Wigfall">Louis Wigfall</a>, who had long considered Longstreet a suitable replacement for Braxton Bragg.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In a letter to Senator Louis Wigfall, Old Pete confided that "If I remain here, I fear that we shall go, little at a time, till all will be lost.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Longstreet had strong allies in his western command aspirations, to include, Virginia Senator G.A. Henry of Lexington who insisted to the Senate that, "the fate of Virginia depends upon the defense of East Tennessee", he asked, "Can't Longstreet be sent out there?"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In February of 1863, General Longstreet wrote friend and ally, Senator Louis T. Wigfall, that he "desired to go west".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__192" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="192">Since Bragg's army was under increasing pressure from Rosecrans outside of <a href="/Chattanooga,_Tennessee" title="Chattanooga, Tennessee">Chattanooga</a>, Lee and President Davis agreed to the request on September 5. In one of the most daunting logistical efforts of the Confederacy, Longstreet, with the divisions of Lafayette McLaws and John Hood, a brigade from George Pickett's division, and Porter Alexander's 26-gun artillery battalion, traveled over 16 railroads on a 775-mile (1,247 km) route through the Carolinas to reach Bragg in northern <a href="/Georgia_(U.S._state)" title="Georgia (U.S. state)">Georgia</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="192"><a href="#citable__192"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee agreed and Hood's division was sent forward.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="192"><a href="#citable__192"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>B: Heard he had one of Pickett's brigades.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="192"><a href="#citable__192"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Sumter, South Carolina, the artillery battalion of Porter Alexander was fed from one long table.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Although the entire operation would take over three weeks, Longstreet and lead elements of his corps arrived on September 17.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_48" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-48"><span>[</span>49<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__96" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="96">The First Corps veterans arrived in the early stages of the <a href="/Battle_of_Chickamauga" title="Battle of Chickamauga">Battle of Chickamauga</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In full battle array, the men of the First Corps marched before a reviewing party that included Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first day of the Battle of Chickamauga ended with severe casualties suffered by both sides, but with few gains for either army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet's First Corps and had been given temporary charge of several other battalions in the vicious battle the day before.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__81" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="81">Bragg had already begun an unsuccessful attempt to interpose his army between Rosecrans and Chattanooga before the arrival of Longstreet's corps.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After a late summer of inconclusive sparring against it's old nemesis, the Army of the Potomac, two divisions (Hoods and McLaws) of Longstreet's Corps were rushed to northwest Georgia in late September in an attempt to help Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee stop the onrushing Federal armies of Federal General William S Rosecrans.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Similiar enmity quickly developed between Bragg and Longstreet and it was not too long until Bragg sought to rid himself of the troublesome Longstreet by sending he and his Corps north to Knoxville in an attempt to destroy a Federal General Ambrose Burnside's Army of the Ohio.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Longstreet would spend the spring of 1863 in southeastern Virginia rounding up supplies for the Army of Northern Virginia, and attempting to force a Union army out of Suffolk, Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> When the two met at Bragg's headquarters in the evening, Bragg placed Longstreet in command of the Left Wing of his army; Lt. Gen. <a name="citable__190" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="190"><a href="/Leonidas_Polk" title="Leonidas Polk">Leonidas Polk</a> commanded the Right.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="190"><a href="#citable__190"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Leonidas Polk in command of the right wing.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="190"><a href="#citable__190"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>August 1862: Re-organized into Right and Left Wings under command of Polk and Hardee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="190"><a href="#citable__190"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Leonidas Polk (10 April 1806-14 June 1864) from his former command, Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__247" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="247">On September 20, 1863, Longstreet lined up eight brigades in a deep column against a narrow front, an attack very similar to future German tank tactics in <a href="/World_War_II" title="World War II">World War II</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="247"><a href="#citable__247"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Confederates, sallying from their defenses, attacked General Winfield Scott Hancock's Brigade holding the right of the Union line south of the river.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="247"><a href="#citable__247"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Pettigrews regiments appear to have been deployed into division columns thus forming two battle lines with Trimbles two brigades in support.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="247"><a href="#citable__247"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As with all reviews, the reviewing officer passed down in front of all the troopers lined up in the ranks to deep and around their rear back, up the same path he came.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Grand Review</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.brandystationfoundation.com/newsletters/Newsletter-Summer_07.htm">www.brandystationfoundation.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_49" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-49"><span>[</span>50<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__226" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="226">By chance, a mistaken order from General Rosecrans caused a gap to appear in the Union line and Longstreet took additional advantage of it to increase his chances of success.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="226"><a href="#citable__226"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Confederates, sallying from their defenses, attacked General Winfield Scott Hancock's Brigade holding the right of the Union line south of the river.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="226"><a href="#citable__226"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To what extent Longstreet's lack of faith in the attack doomed its chances of success became a matter of bitter debate for many Confederates and their partisans.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="226"><a href="#citable__226"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet received orders from Richmond to report with the ``original portion of the First Corps to General R. E. Lee.''</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__71" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="71">The organization of the attack was well suited to the terrain and would have penetrated the Union line regardless.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="71"><a href="#citable__71"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Confederates, sallying from their defenses, attacked General Winfield Scott Hancock's Brigade holding the right of the Union line south of the river.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="71"><a href="#citable__71"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To the west of the road here the Union Army of the James, on May 13th and 14th, 1864, attacked the outer line of the Drewry's Bluff defenses.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="71"><a href="#citable__71"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If Law and McLaws were withdrawn to attack the center, the Union left would be uncovered, allowing the Federals to advance and curl around Lee's right wing.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__203" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="203">The Union right collapsed and Rosecrans fled the field, as units began to retreat in panic.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="203"><a href="#citable__203"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Polk, long so inactive on the right wing, got Bragg out of bed in order to inform that general that the Federals had fled the field, and a pursuit was needed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="203"><a href="#citable__203"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Rosecrans began pulling away units from his right flank -- the flank Longstreet was preparing to attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="203"><a href="#citable__203"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The right hand elements of Rosecrans' army were composed of the divisions of Generals Jefferson C. Davis and Philip Sheridan, and the rout of these units was only a matter of time.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Maj. Gen. <a name="citable__301" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="301"><a href="/George_H._Thomas" title="George H. Thomas" class="mw-redirect">George H. Thomas</a> managed to rally the retreating units and solidify a defensive position on Snodgrass Hill.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="301"><a href="#citable__301"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Federals had been beaten back in the previous day's fight, but had assumed a strong defensive position on Cemetery Ridge, Cemetery Hill and Culp's Hill, south and east of Gettysburg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="301"><a href="#citable__301"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At night, Thomas pulled out of his position and moved to catch up with the rest of the retreating Federal army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="301"><a href="#citable__301"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By 7 p.m., however, Pope had established a strong defensive line that aligned with the units on Henry House Hill.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__102" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="102">He held that position against repeated afternoon attacks by Longstreet, who was not adequately supported by the Confederate right wing.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="102"><a href="#citable__102"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Confederates held their ground and then attacked and counterattacked throughout the afternoon.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="102"><a href="#citable__102"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A powerful attack on the right of Lee's position that afternoon was blunted by the timely arrival of Hill's men, and the Confederate line, although severely crippled, held during the terrible day-long fight.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="102"><a href="#citable__102"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet, who commanded the First Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, did not personally arrive on the field of battle until the late afternoon of July 1, 1863, and his corps did not come up into position on the Confederate right until after noon of July 2.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> LONGSTREET'S HEADQUARTERS RE-EXAMINED</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.gdg.org/Research/BattlefieldHistories/kghhdqr.html">www.gdg.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__12" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="12">Once night fell, the battle was over, and Thomas was able to extricate the units under his control to Chattanooga.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Under the cover of night, the Yankee’s finally broke and fell back to New Market and Strawberry Plains.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The retreating columns turned their face front once more and reformed into line of battle, and the fresh divisions went forward under Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As night fell upon the field of battle, the fight ended.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__133" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="133">Bragg's failure to coordinate the right wing and cavalry to further envelope Thomas prevented a total rout of the Union Army.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The whole right of the army had apparently been routed."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If Law and McLaws were withdrawn to attack the center, the Union left would be uncovered, allowing the Federals to advance and curl around Lee's right wing.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bragg to withdrawal and most of Tennessee to be lost; is in Washington city where he has accepted the post of General-in-Chief of the Union army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__163" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="163">Bragg also neglected to pursue the retreating Federals aggressively, resulting in the futile siege of Chattanooga.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bragg finally pursued Rosecrans to the entrenchments of Chattanooga, and a siege ensued.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thus, the strategic advantage won by the tactical victory at Chickamauga was lost and Bragg was forced to lay siege to Chattanooga to keep the pressure on Rosecrans.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At dark, the Texas Brigade relieved Archibald Gracie's Brigade in the front lines and remained on alert until the last of the Federal forces had retreated to Chattanooga.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__24" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="24">Nevertheless, Chickamauga was the greatest Confederate victory in the Western Theater and Longstreet deserved a good portion of the credit.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="24"><a href="#citable__24"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet’s I Corps, had been serving in the Western theater and had only returned in late April.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="24"><a href="#citable__24"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hood's Division and two brigades of McLaws division arrived in extreme northwest Georgia on September 19th and 20th just in time for the bloody Confederate victory at Chickamauga.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="24"><a href="#citable__24"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Later Goree wrote, "General Longstreet alone deserves all the credit.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_50" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-50"><span>[</span>51<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__279" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="279">Longstreet soon clashed with the much maligned Bragg and became leader of the group of senior commanders of the army who conspired to have him removed.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Lee's subordinate, Longstreet well knew his obligations to the army commander as he expressed in a private letter to his uncle, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet, written July 24, 1863: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>McClelland was relieved and Burnsides put in command of the army who now advanced towards Fredericksburg on the Rappohannock.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JAMES EDWARD CALDWELL</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gen.1starnet.com/civilwar/caldwelj.htm">gen.1starnet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The question of who was the commanding general was answered soon after as a telegram arrived from Davis which clarified Johnston as the commanding general.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> American Civil War - RateItAll</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rateitall.com/s-4951-american-civil-war.aspx">www.rateitall.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__251" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="251">Bragg's subordinates had long been dissatisfied with his leadership and abrasive personality; the arrival of Longstreet (the senior lieutenant general in the Army) and his officers, added credibility to the earlier claims, and was a catalyst toward action.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="251"><a href="#citable__251"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Confederate Major General Daniel Harvey Hill wrote "If Bragg knew at the time of the prospective help coming to him from the Army of Northern Virginia, it was of still more importance to hold the town, he might have been in communication with Longstreet on his arrival."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="251"><a href="#citable__251"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In a letter to General Longstreet dated June 28, 1875, General Hood stated "…an appeal from a number of the brigade and regimental officers of my division.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="251"><a href="#citable__251"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bragg to withdrawal and most of Tennessee to be lost; is in Washington city where he has accepted the post of General-in-Chief of the Union army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__35" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="35">Longstreet wrote to Seddon, "I am convinced that nothing but the hand of God can save us or help us as long as we have our present commander."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="35"><a href="#citable__35"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ewell responded to Lee’s instructions by riding to his commander’s headquarters and personally arguing in favor of his corps’ making a demonstration from its present location to support Longstreet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="35"><a href="#citable__35"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our soldiers attacked the Federal horsemen as they approached the crossroads with General Longstreet leading one of General Martin's brigades in the attack presently.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="35"><a href="#citable__35"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Let us go on,'' the committees wrote, ``Peace must come sooner or later, and with it our independence.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__293" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="293">The situation became so grave that President Davis was forced to intercede in person.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="293"><a href="#citable__293"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President Davis is hopeful that the unsatisfactory situations surrounding General Bragg can and will be resolved without removal of General Bragg or other ranking officers currently assigned to the Army Of Tennessee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="293"><a href="#citable__293"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, could not be persuaded to order these movements, forcing General Longstreet to return to the Army of Northern Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__62" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="62">What followed was one of the most bizarre scenes of the war, with Bragg sitting red faced as a procession of his commanders condemned him.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="62"><a href="#citable__62"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Here, Robertson's command constructed some of the most extensive trenches and breastworks they were to build during the war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="62"><a href="#citable__62"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The book is illustrated with 84 new diagrams of all the insignias used throughout the war and with 129 portraits of the most important high commanders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="62"><a href="#citable__62"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With Ewell occupied at Culp's Hill and General Hill sick, there was no one to accept the role except Lees most senior, experienced, and trusted commander.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__182" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="182">Longstreet stated that Bragg "was incompetent to manage an army or put men into a fight" and that he "knew nothing of the business."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="182"><a href="#citable__182"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The cavalry did manage to capture from the Federals 800 beef cattle and 31 wagons, thereby alleviating somewhat the hunger of Longstreet's army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="182"><a href="#citable__182"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In addition, Meade’s political guidance translated quite readily into military terms: find, fix, and fight Lee’s army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="182"><a href="#citable__182"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Also on November 6, Lee's army was formerly organized into two corps led by Longstreet and Jackson , who were both promoted to lieutenant general.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__85" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="85">Davis sided with Bragg and did nothing to resolve the conflict.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="85"><a href="#citable__85"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President Davis is hopeful that the unsatisfactory situations surrounding General Bragg can and will be resolved without removal of General Bragg or other ranking officers currently assigned to the Army Of Tennessee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_51" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-51"><span>[</span>52<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__157" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="157">Bragg retained his position, relieving or reassigning the generals who had testified against him, and retaliated against Longstreet by reducing his command to only those units that he brought with him from Virginia.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Longstreet is the favorite of General Lee, who keeps him near.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, was this an independent command for General Longstreet?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet, who needs him, agrees that he can't.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__165" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="165">Despite the dysfunctional command climate under Bragg, and the lack of support from the War Department and President Davis concerning Bragg's removal, Longstreet did the best he could to continue to seek options in the Chattanooga Campaign.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Did Longstreet have a separate or an independent command?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Despite the adulation of his old command, an anti-Longstreet attitude has prevailed among historians into this century, most notably by Douglas Southall Freeman and Clifford Dowdey.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee continued, "I did not intend to express the opinion that you could reach me in time, as I did not think it practicable."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_52" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-52"><span>[</span>53<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__296" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="296">While Bragg resigned himself and his army to the siege of the Union <a href="/Army_of_the_Cumberland" title="Army of the Cumberland">Army of the Cumberland</a> in Chattanooga, Longstreet devised a strategy to prevent reinforcement and a lifting of the siege by Grant.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="296"><a href="#citable__296"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet lifted the siege of Suffolk on May 3.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="296"><a href="#citable__296"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bragg to withdrawal and most of Tennessee to be lost; is in Washington city where he has accepted the post of General-in-Chief of the Union army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="296"><a href="#citable__296"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Fearing the next Federal move, General Bragg ordered General Buckner to abandon his post in east Tennessee and join his main army at Chattanooga.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__80" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="80">He knew this Union reaction was underway, and that the nearest railhead was <a href="/Bridgeport,_Alabama" title="Bridgeport, Alabama">Bridgeport, Alabama</a>, where portions of two Union corps would soon arrive.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="80"><a href="#citable__80"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These speeds would cause General Longstreet's corps to arrive piecemeal.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="80"><a href="#citable__80"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The transfer of a portion of the Federal Army of the Potomac to Hampton Roads has rendered it necessary to move two divisions of your corps towards James River.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="80"><a href="#citable__80"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee told him that he would then give Longstreet overall command of a column composed of his own Pickett's Division plus two divisions and two brigades of Hill's Corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> LONGSTREET'S HEADQUARTERS RE-EXAMINED</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.gdg.org/Research/BattlefieldHistories/kghhdqr.html">www.gdg.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__42" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="42">After sending his artillery commander, Porter Alexander, to reconnoiter the Union-occupied town, he devised a plan to shift most of the Army of Tennessee away from the siege, setting up logistical support in <a href="/Rome,_Georgia" title="Rome, Georgia">Rome, Georgia</a>, go after Bridgeport to take the railhead, possibly catching Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="42"><a href="#citable__42"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Edward Porter Alexander, Longstreet's chief of artillery stated that, "It would have been impossible, I think, to find on the continent another earth work so advantageously situated for attack."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="42"><a href="#citable__42"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Edward Porter Alexander was among the first to wake up, despite having spent part of the night tending to the placement of his guns.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="42"><a href="#citable__42"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As the Union Army concentrated on Centreville, Lee planned his next move.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a name="citable__130" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="130"><a href="/Joseph_Hooker" title="Joseph Hooker">Joseph Hooker</a> and arriving Union troops from the Eastern Theater in a disadvantageous position.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="130"><a href="#citable__130"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This involved preventing the Federal forces in the southeastern Virginia area from reinforcing Hooker and with the additional hope of drawing more troops to the southeastern Virginia and eastern North Carolina area.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="130"><a href="#citable__130"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Since Longstreet was in the area, why not capture the garrisons of Union troops in eastern North Carolina and southeastern Virginia?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="130"><a href="#citable__130"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Union Generals Darius Nash Couch's, Philip Kearny's, and Joseph Hooker's Divisions were to the east of the road, George Webb Morell to the west, with George Sykes in reserve.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__146" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="146">The plan was well-received and approved by President Davis,<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_53" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-53"><span>[</span>54<span>]</span></a></sup> but it was disapproved by Bragg, who objected to the significant logistical challenges it posed.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="146"><a href="#citable__146"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President Davis communicated with General Lee, who still expressed reluctance regarding a concentration in the West.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="146"><a href="#citable__146"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The order was in response to a telegram from President Davis received four days earlier informing Longstreet of the Federal victories against Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="146"><a href="#citable__146"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But during May he received letters and visits from generals who convinced the president that Hooker owned much of the blame for the defeat.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__159" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="159">Longstreet accepted Bragg's arguments<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_54" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-54"><span>[</span>55<span>]</span></a></sup> and agreed to a plan in which he and his men were dispatched to East Tennessee to deal with an advance by Union Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="159"><a href="#citable__159"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bragg to withdrawal and most of Tennessee to be lost; is in Washington city where he has accepted the post of General-in-Chief of the Union army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="159"><a href="#citable__159"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Fearing the next Federal move, General Bragg ordered General Buckner to abandon his post in east Tennessee and join his main army at Chattanooga.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="159"><a href="#citable__159"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On December 10, Longstreet received another telegram from Davis informing him that he had been given sole authority over the troops in his Department of East Tennessee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a href="/Ambrose_Burnside" title="Ambrose Burnside">Ambrose Burnside</a>. <a name="citable__129" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="129">Longstreet was selected for this assignment partially due to enmity on Bragg's part, but also because the War Department intended for Longstreet's men to return to Lee's army and this movement was in the correct direction.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee intended to gather supplies, threaten some major northern cities, promote the northern peace movement, draw the Army of the Potomac away from the Rappahannock River, and fight a battle somewhere at sometime.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Although still subordinate to Lee, Longstreet was ordered to report directly to the War Department.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The next evening, Lee and Longstreet led the army on a retreat from Gettysburg and onto the road that would eventually take them to Appomattox Court House.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_55" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-55"><span>[</span>56<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__31" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="31">Longstreet was criticized for the slow pace of his advance toward <a href="/Knoxville,_Tennessee" title="Knoxville, Tennessee">Knoxville</a> in November and some of his troops began using the nickname Peter the Slow.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="31"><a href="#citable__31"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet's men never slowed their pace.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="31"><a href="#citable__31"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="31"><a href="#citable__31"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The attack began about 5:15 P.M., and the Federal troops, caught by surprise, fell back in disorder towards Chancellorsville.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_56" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-56"><span>[</span>57<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__257" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="257">Burnside evaded him at the <a href="/Battle_of_Campbell%27s_Station" title="Battle of Campbell's Station">Battle of Campbell's Station</a> and settled into entrenchments around the city, which Longstreet besieged unsuccessfully.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="257"><a href="#citable__257"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the battle of Chickamauga, General Braxton Bragg, commanding the Confederate forces around Chattanooga, felt that chasing General Ambrose Burnside from Knoxville back to Kentucky would ease the pressure on him at Chattanooga.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="257"><a href="#citable__257"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The day the order was made relieving Burnside was that on which he was battling with Longstreet at Campbell's Station, holding him at bay in the slow retreat upon Knoxville, where he arrived on the 17th.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>SAXET GUN SHOWS ebooks - MILITARY REMINISCENCES OF THE CIVIL WAR V2 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.saxetshows.com/mrcw2/03.htm">www.saxetshows.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="257"><a href="#citable__257"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The war in the East settled into a grim siege, with Union trench lines creeping slowly around Lee's right flank.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__162" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="162">The <a href="/Battle_of_Fort_Sanders" title="Battle of Fort Sanders">Battle of Fort Sanders</a> failed to bring a Confederate breakthrough.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Fort Sanders had been selected as the point of attack for the Confederates at Knoxville for a number of good reasons.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By November 27th, coincident with the issuance of orders for a breakthrough attack on Federal Fort Sanders, a rumor had begun to spread that Bragg had been badly whipped at Chattanooga.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After much delay in reconnaissance and the preparations for battle, and because of the terrible weather, Longstreet scheduled the assault on Fort Sanders, where he thought Burnside was most vulnerable.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__90" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="90">When Bragg was defeated by Grant at Chattanooga on November 25, Longstreet was ordered to join forces with the Army of Tennessee in northern Georgia.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="90"><a href="#citable__90"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To save his army, Lee ordered the trenches evacuated and a retreat started toward Danville, where the Confederate Cabinet had already fled, hoping to join forces with GeneralJoe Johnston and his army in North Carolina.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virginians: The Family History of James Moses Overton Hillsman (1835-1918)</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.virginians.com/topics/26.htm">www.virginians.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="90"><a href="#citable__90"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A quick victory over Burnside, Bragg reasoned, would enable Longstreet to rejoin the Army of Tennessee at Chattanooga for a decisive action against Grant.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="90"><a href="#citable__90"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ten days after the Army of Northern Virginia had left its positions along the Rappahannock River, Hooker responded with an order to the Army of the Potomac.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__142" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="142">He demurred and began to move back to Virginia, soon pursued by Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="142"><a href="#citable__142"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As soon as the bridge was repaired, I rode back to this line, but finding that the enemy was not pursuing, the troops were again put in motion.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Official Records of the Civil War - Battle Reports</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civil-war.net/searchofficialrecords.asp?searchofficialrecords=Longstreet%20Gettysburg">www.civil-war.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="142"><a href="#citable__142"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee to push the Union army and General Grant out of Virginia when Grant finally decides to move on Richmond, which is expected to be soon.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="142"><a href="#citable__142"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hearing calls of ``General Lee to the rear'' and ``We won't move until you go back'', Lee finally acquiesced, but not before Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a href="/William_T._Sherman" title="William T. Sherman" class="mw-redirect">William T. Sherman</a> in early December. <a name="citable__3" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="3">The armies went into winter quarters and the First Corps rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia in the spring.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="3"><a href="#citable__3"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>December 1864: Rejoined main body of Army of Northern Virginia .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="3"><a href="#citable__3"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>April 1864: Rejoined main body of Army of Northern Virginia .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="3"><a href="#citable__3"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both armies then went into winter quarters.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__5" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="5">The only real effect of the minor campaign was to deprive Bragg of troops he sorely needed in Chattanooga.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="5"><a href="#citable__5"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Nearly every face is overspread with a serious, thoughtful air; and what thoughts, vivid and burning, come trooping up from the inner chambers of memory, the soldier can only realize.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="5"><a href="#citable__5"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The eastern rebel troops would finally be shipped to Knoxville by the petulant Bragg, and the weakening of his army at Chattanooga significantly contributed to the resulting debacle at Missionary Ridge.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="5"><a href="#citable__5"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Union Major General William Rosecrans and his Army of the Cumberland were beginning to threaten General Bragg at Chattanooga and he needed these men urgently.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Confederate Railroad and the Prolonging of the Inevitable</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/articles/confederaterailroad.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__305" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="305">Longstreet's second independent command (after Suffolk) was a failure and his self-confidence was damaged.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="305"><a href="#citable__305"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, was this an independent command for General Longstreet?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="305"><a href="#citable__305"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Did Longstreet have a separate or an independent command?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="305"><a href="#citable__305"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Most historians view the army’s failure during the battle as having resulted principally from Hooker’s lack of self-confidence.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__280" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="280">He reacted to the failure of the campaign by blaming others, as he had done at Seven Pines.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="280"><a href="#citable__280"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>D.H. Hill came out of the battle looking quite good and blamed the others for the failure.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> American Civil War - RateItAll</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rateitall.com/s-4951-american-civil-war.aspx">www.rateitall.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="280"><a href="#citable__280"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the Seven Days Campaign in 1862, reports in the Richmond papers (for which Longstreet blamed Hill) gave credit to Hill’s Division at the expense of Longstreet’s Division.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="280"><a href="#citable__280"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet led his division during the Peninsula campaign, participating in the engagement at Williamsburg and the battle of Seven Pines.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__94" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="94">He relieved Lafayette McLaws from command and requested the court martial of Brig.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="94"><a href="#citable__94"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There he continues to stir up controversy in the Army of Tennessee by requesting that General Robertson be relieved of command as a result of his behavior at Wauhatchie Station.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="94"><a href="#citable__94"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On December 23, Longstreet relieved Robertson of command of the Texas Brigade and ordered him to Bristol, Tennessee, to ``await the assembling of a court for the trial of his case.''</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="94"><a href="#citable__94"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The court reprimanded Robertson and permanently relieved him of command of the Texas Brigade.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gens. <a name="citable__115" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="115"><a href="/Jerome_B._Robertson" title="Jerome B. Robertson">Jerome B. Robertson</a> and <a href="/Evander_M._Law" title="Evander M. Law">Evander M. Law</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Micah Jenkins, whose feuds with Robertson and Evander Law had been greatly aggravated by the debacle at Wauhatchie.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__268" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="268">He also submitted a letter of resignation to Adjutant General <a href="/Samuel_Cooper_(general)" title="Samuel Cooper (general)">Samuel Cooper</a> on December 30, 1863, but his request to be relieved was denied.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="268"><a href="#citable__268"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adjutant General Samuel Cooper sent Johnston orders to pull back with a message with words to the effect of "since you're afraid to take responsibility I'll take responsibility for you" but this was unfair as Johnston had already pulled back towards Winchester before Cooper's message arrived.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> American Civil War - RateItAll</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rateitall.com/s-4951-american-civil-war.aspx">www.rateitall.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="268"><a href="#citable__268"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On March 19, he wrote to Adjutant General Samuel Cooper: We shall not be able to keep our animals alive more than a week or two [without corn] ...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="268"><a href="#citable__268"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Bragg answered Longstreets request sending the following, "At the request of Lieutenant-General Longstreet, Brigadier-General Robertson will be relieved from duty while the proceedings and actions of the examining board in his case are pending.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_57" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-57"><span>[</span>58<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__9" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="9">As his corps suffered through a severe winter in Eastern Tennessee with inadequate shelter and provisions, Longstreet again developed strategic plans.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="9"><a href="#citable__9"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Colonel James B. Walton, the Chief of Artillery of Longstreets Corps, was sent for so he could learn the plans and arrange the signal for the start of the cannonade.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="9"><a href="#citable__9"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Heintzelman's Corps had suffered heavily but it reached the shelter of the guns early on the 2d, without the loss of a wagon ( O. R. , 11, part 2, p195) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="9"><a href="#citable__9"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet's First Corps and had been given temporary charge of several other battalions in the vicious battle the day before.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__303" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="303">He called for an offensive through Tennessee into Kentucky in which his command would be bolstered by P.G.T. Beauregard and 20,000 men.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="303"><a href="#citable__303"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Beauregard was weary of his more numerous adversary and felt that he would need more men to defeat him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> American Civil War - RateItAll</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rateitall.com/s-4951-american-civil-war.aspx">www.rateitall.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="303"><a href="#citable__303"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hood became increasingly convinced that a move into middle Tennessee would afford him several opportunities.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="303"><a href="#citable__303"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One irate farmer stamped into the tent of one of Hood's regimental commanders demanding that he discipline the men that had shot and taken one of his largest hogs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Although he had the concurrence of Gen. <a name="citable__240" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="240">Lee, Longstreet was unable to convince President Davis or his newly appointed military adviser, Braxton Bragg.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="240"><a href="#citable__240"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In mid-May Lee discussed alternatives with President Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War James Seddon, and other members of the Confederate cabinet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="240"><a href="#citable__240"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In May 1880, President Hayes appointed Longstreet ambassador to Turkey, and he accepted with the understanding that when the Federal marshallship became available in Georgia he would resign.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="240"><a href="#citable__240"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The newlywed Longstreets relocated to Washington, D.C., when he secured an appointment as U S. Commissioner of Railroads by newly-elected President William McKinley, another Union veteran.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_58" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-58"><span>[</span>59<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Wilderness_to_Appomattox">Wilderness to Appomattox</span></h3> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:182px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/8/0/1/3626332780387299.png" width="180" height="133" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Battle of the Wilderness, May 6, 1864.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__22" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="22">Finding out that his old friend Ulysses Grant was in command of the Union Army, he told his fellow officers that "he will fight us every day and every hour until the end of the war."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="22"><a href="#citable__22"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ulysses S. Grant, his old West Point colleague and former Union general, was inaugurated president on March 4, 1869, and by March 10 had appointed Longstreet the position of surveyor of customs for the port of New Orleans.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="22"><a href="#citable__22"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Three miles northeast is Old Appomattox Court House and the McLean House where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865, thus ending the War Between the States.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="22"><a href="#citable__22"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Second (Humphrey's) Corps of Grant's army passed, in pursuit, in the afternoon of the same day.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_59" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-59"><span>[</span>60<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__30" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="30">Longstreet helped save the Confederate Army from defeat in his first battle back with Lee's army, the <a href="/Battle_of_the_Wilderness" title="Battle of the Wilderness">Battle of the Wilderness</a> in May 1864, where he launched a powerful flanking attack along the Orange Plank Road against the Union <a href="/II_Corps_(ACW)" title="II Corps (ACW)" class="mw-redirect">II Corps</a> and nearly drove it from the field.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="30"><a href="#citable__30"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee and his staff arrived to welcome Longstreet's Corps back to Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="30"><a href="#citable__30"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the morning of May 5, the Union 5th Corps attacked Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="30"><a href="#citable__30"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The attack against Field's sector was begun at 7 pm by Hancock's Corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__261" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="261">Once again he developed innovative tactics to deal with difficult terrain, ordering the advance of six brigades by heavy skirmish lines, which allowed his men to deliver a continuous fire into the enemy, while proving to be elusive targets themselves.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="261"><a href="#citable__261"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As the Texas Brigade continued its advance across open fields into woods and rocky terrain, a large gap developed between the First and Fourth Texas.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="261"><a href="#citable__261"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Pettigrews regiments appear to have been deployed into division columns thus forming two battle lines with Trimbles two brigades in support.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="261"><a href="#citable__261"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He also stated that at "one time the enemy poured down a heavy torrent of light troops," probably a strong skirmish line, necessitating the deployment of the 14 th South Carolina to charge the enemy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__104" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="104">Wilderness historian Edward Steere attributed much of the success of the Army to "the display of tactical genius by Longstreet which more than redressed his disparity in numerical strength."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Remembering the resounding defensive success achieved at Fredericksburg in the previous December, Longstreet believed that the tactical defensive offered the best hope for success.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His army was operating on friendly territory; intelligence collection was much easier than it had been in the past in Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet justified Alexander’s increased responsibility by explaining that, in this situation, he considered Alexander as more of an engineer staff officer than a battalion commander.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_60" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-60"><span>[</span>61<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__239" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="239">After the war, the Union II Corps commander that day, Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="239"><a href="#citable__239"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Third Corps, now commanded by Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="239"><a href="#citable__239"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Meanwhile, overall Union Commander Maj.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="239"><a href="#citable__239"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The II Corps commander, worried about other threats to his troops, was unreceptive to Gordon’s entreaties.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Battle of the Wilderness</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/wilderness/wilderness-history-articles/battle-of-the-wilderness.html">www.civilwar.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. <a href="/Winfield_Scott_Hancock" title="Winfield Scott Hancock">Winfield S. Hancock</a>, said to Longstreet of this flanking maneuver: "You rolled me up like a wet blanket."<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_61" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-61"><span>[</span>62<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__205" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="205">Longstreet was wounded during the assault—accidentally shot by his own men only about 4 miles (6.4 km) away from the place where Jackson suffered the same fate a year earlier.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Anderson was about to comply when Longstreet countermanded his orders, adding "that it was useless, and would only involve unnecessary loss, the assault having failed."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During the three-day Battle of Second Manassas the regiment lost nine men killed and seventy-two wounded.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Longstreet viewed the article he was livid, and sent his own version of events about the battle to the Richmond Whig.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Battle of Antietam</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/antietam/pope.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__114" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="114">A bullet passed through his shoulder, severing nerves, and tearing a gash in his throat.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="114"><a href="#citable__114"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A minie ball struck him in the throat, exiting from his right shoulder, severing several nerves in his arm.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="114"><a href="#citable__114"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He had passed through several hard fought actions and been captured and incarcerated, albeit briefly, in a Federal prison.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Private John Pleasant Bryan - Company M</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/tx/RandysTexas/page191.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__209" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="209">The momentum of the attack subsided without Longstreet's active leadership and Gen.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Misunderstanding Bragg's intent, Longstreet ordered Jenkins to attack only the Federal Division under Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A. P. Hill launched his scheduled attack without Jackson's support and cleared the bridge on the Mechanicsville Turnpike, enabling D. H. Hill's and Longstreet's divisions to cross the river to support A. P. Hill's attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__196" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="196">Lee delayed further movement until units could be realigned.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee, however, arrived and upon seeing his favorite General seriously wounded, ordered this advance delayed until the lines could be straightened out.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Bohemian Brigade History</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bohemianbrigade.com/alfred18.html">www.bohemianbrigade.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This complication only served to delay further Lee's planned attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The results "induced the belief that, with proper concert of action," in Lee's words, a similar movement could be successful on July 3.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__222" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="222">This gave the Union defenders adequate time to reorganize and the subsequent attack was a failure.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet probed and reconnoitered the Union left for most of the day, and three times postponed his attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Battle of Antietam</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/antietam/pope.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Edward_Porter_Alexander" title="Edward Porter Alexander">E.P. Alexander</a> called the removal of Longstreet the critical juncture of the battle: "I have always believed that, but for Longstreet's fall, the panic which was fairly underway in Hancock's [II] Corps would have been extended & have resulted in Grant's being forced to retreat back across the Rapidan."<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_62" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-62"><span>[</span>63<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__92" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="92">Longstreet missed the rest of the 1864 spring and summer campaign, where Lee sorely missed his skill in handling the army.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="92"><a href="#citable__92"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>William H. Palmer, missed the campaign because of a wound received at Chancellorsville, but Hill told him after Gettysburg, "I begged General Lee to let me take in my whole Army corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="92"><a href="#citable__92"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was resting under a large apple tree just behind the right wing of his regiment with Pickett and Longstreet when Lee rode up.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="92"><a href="#citable__92"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On September 9 Lee issued orders for the movement of the army during the campaign and for the capture of Harpers Ferry, whose garrison threatened the Confederate rear.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of The 37th North Carolina Infantry regiment</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://civilwarmykinnc.net/history37th.htm">civilwarmykinnc.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__186" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="186">He was treated in <a href="/Lynchburg,_Virginia" title="Lynchburg, Virginia">Lynchburg, Virginia</a>, and recuperated in Augusta, Georgia, with his niece, Emma Eve Lonstreet Sibley, the daughter of his brother Gilbert.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="186"><a href="#citable__186"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As he recovered first in Lynchburg, Virginia, and later in Augusta and Union Point, Georgia, he took great delight in his 10-month-old son's antics, for Louise and the family were with him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_63" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-63"><span>[</span>64<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__219" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="219">He rejoined Lee in October 1864, with his right arm paralyzed and in a sling, initially unable to ride a horse.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="219"><a href="#citable__219"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To the right stood the Turnbull House, headquarters of General Robert E. Lee from November 23, 1864, until April 2, 1865.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="219"><a href="#citable__219"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Winfield S. Hancock, U.S.A., moved by it to his defeat at Burgess Mill, October 27, 1864, and in 1865, Ulysses S. Grant moved his forces on it from the east to attack Robert E. Lee's right wing.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__82" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="82">He had taught himself to write with his left hand; by periodically pulling on his arm, as advised by doctors, he was able to regain use of his right hand in later years.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="82"><a href="#citable__82"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His decision not to use reserve troops to right and left of the attackers, which Lee had clearly authorized him to do, was a serious mistake.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="82"><a href="#citable__82"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At Gettysburg, Hood permanently lost the use of his left arm, but stayed in the service, losing his leg a month later, September 1863, at Chickamauga.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="82"><a href="#citable__82"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ewell should disengage from his position on the left, march laterally behind Lee's rear, and position himself so as to hold the Union left flank in place on the rocky hills.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>UNC Press - Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1 - Excerpt</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uncpress.unc.edu/chapters/hess_picketts.html">uncpress.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Welsh144_64_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Welsh144-64"><span>[</span>65<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__167" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="167">For the remainder of the <a href="/Siege_of_Petersburg" title="Siege of Petersburg">Siege of Petersburg</a> he commanded the defenses in front of the capital of Richmond, including all forces north of the James River and Pickett's Division at Bermuda Hundred.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="167"><a href="#citable__167"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee assigned him to command the forces north of the James, and General George Pickett's division on Bermuda Hundred.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>KCWRT - James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.discoveret.org/kcwrt/history/hlo-text.htm">www.discoveret.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="167"><a href="#citable__167"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Four miles north on the James River.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="167"><a href="#citable__167"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee assigned to Longstreet the command of all Confederate troops north of the James River.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He retreated with Lee in the <a href="/Appomattox_Campaign" title="Appomattox Campaign">Appomattox Campaign</a>, commanding both the First and Third Corps, following the death of A.P. Hill on April 2. As Lee considered surrender, Longstreet advised him of his belief that Grant would treat them fairly, but as Lee rode toward <a href="/Appomattox_Court_House_National_Historical_Park" title="Appomattox Court House National Historical Park">Appomattox Court House</a> on April 9, 1865, Longstreet said, "General, if he does not give us good terms, come back and let us fight it out."<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_65" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-65"><span>[</span>66<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Postbellum">Postbellum</span></h2> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:182px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/00/1/4/0/60712002998780673.jpg" width="180" height="226" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> James Longstreet after the War</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__53" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="53">After the war, Longstreet and his family settled in <a href="/New_Orleans,_Louisiana" title="New Orleans, Louisiana" class="mw-redirect">New Orleans</a>, a location popular with a number of former Confederate generals.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="53"><a href="#citable__53"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On March 27th, as part of his proposed plan of operation, Longstreet asked General Lee to assist in obtaining the support of the Confederate Navy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="53"><a href="#citable__53"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On April 1, 1863 the dilemma was solved as the War Department stated that Longstreet's command was under the supervision and general direction of General Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="53"><a href="#citable__53"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Even General Hood acquired some of the spoils of victory by ordering some reliable scouts to capture a number of new Federal ambulances, complete with teams of horses.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__136" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="136">He entered into a cotton brokerage partnership there and also became the president of the newly created Great Southern and Western Fire, Marine and Accident Insurance Company.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="136"><a href="#citable__136"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Early became president of the Southern Historical Society and led the movement to elevate Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__198" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="198">He actively sought the presidency of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad but was unsuccessful, and also failed in an attempt to get investors for a proposed railroad from New Orleans to <a href="/Monterrey" title="Monterrey">Monterrey</a>, <a href="/Mexico" title="Mexico">Mexico</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="198"><a href="#citable__198"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>May 1862: Following a failed campaign in Arizona and New Mexico, Sibley began a slow withdrawal to Texas.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="198"><a href="#citable__198"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>October 1862: Embraced the part of Mississippi east of the Mississippi & Tennessee Railroad and the New Orleans & Jackson Railroad, excluding the three counties (Hancock, Harrison and Jackson) bordering on the Gulf of Mexico.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="198"><a href="#citable__198"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>May 1862: Following a failed campaign in Arizona and New Mexico Territories, Brig.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> (In 1870, he was named president of the newly organized <a href="/New_Orleans_and_Northeastern_Railroad" title="New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad">New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad</a>.) <a name="citable__210" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="210">He applied for a pardon from President <a href="/Andrew_Johnson" title="Andrew Johnson">Andrew Johnson</a>, endorsed by his old friend Ulysses S. Grant.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="210"><a href="#citable__210"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He became a Republican after the war, and held several federal appointments under his personal friend and kinsman by marriage, Ulysses S. Grant.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="210"><a href="#citable__210"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Most interestingly, it was framed by a friendship with Ulysses S. Grant, formed at West Point and continuing into old age.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Johnson refused, however, telling Longstreet in a meeting: "There are three persons of the South who can never receive amnesty: Mr. Davis, General Lee, and yourself. You have given the Union cause too much trouble." The United States Congress restored his rights of citizenship in June 1868.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_66" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-66"><span>[</span>67<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__134" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="134">Longstreet was the only senior Confederate officer to become a <a href="/Scalawag" title="Scalawag">scalawag</a> and join the <a href="/United_States_Republican_Party" title="United States Republican Party" class="mw-redirect">Republican party</a> during <a href="/Reconstruction_era_of_the_United_States" title="Reconstruction era of the United States">Reconstruction</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="134"><a href="#citable__134"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was appointed a lieutenant general on October 9, 1862, one day before Thomas J. Jackson, making Longstreet the senior lieutenant general in the Confederate Army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="134"><a href="#citable__134"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet, true to his convictions, joined the Republican Party and was promptly labeled a traitor to the South.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="134"><a href="#citable__134"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was appointed a lieutenant general on October 9, 1862, one day before Thomas J. Jackson's promotion, making Longstreet the senior lieutenant general in the Confederate Army.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__297" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="297">He endorsed Grant for president in 1868, attended his inauguration ceremonies, and six days later received an appointment as surveyor of <a href="/United_States_Customs_Service" title="United States Customs Service">customs</a> in New Orleans.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="297"><a href="#citable__297"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The order was in response to a telegram from President Davis received four days earlier informing Longstreet of the Federal victories against Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="297"><a href="#citable__297"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Two days later, the column stopped six miles from Ashland and drew rations and ammunition.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="297"><a href="#citable__297"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1890, The Washington Artillery of New Orleans insisted that Longstreet be invited to the unveiling of the Lee statue in Richmond or they would not attend.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> For these acts he lost favor with many Southerners. <a name="citable__306" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="306">His old friend Harvey Hill wrote to a newspaper: "Our scalawag is the local leper of the community."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="306"><a href="#citable__306"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It's so bad our local newspaper did a long series of specifically asking realtors to "Retake this Photo, please" .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Real Estate Blog - Is Your Realtor a Clown in Disguise?</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://activerain.com/blogsview/1453920/is-your-realtor-a-clown-in-disguise-">activerain.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Unlike a Northern <a href="/Carpetbagger" title="Carpetbagger">carpetbagger</a>, Hill wrote, Longstreet "is a native, which is so much the worse." The Republican governor of Louisiana appointed Longstreet the adjutant general of the state militia and by 1872 he became a major general in command of all militia and state police forces within New Orleans. <a name="citable__189" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="189">During riots in 1874 protesting election irregularities, Longstreet rode to meet protesters but was pulled from his horse, shot by a spent bullet, and taken prisoner.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="189"><a href="#citable__189"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After talking with Alexander, it appears that Longstreet rode to Spangler's Woods to meet with Pickett.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="189"><a href="#citable__189"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee rode with Longstreet along his attack positions twice during the morning of 3 July.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="189"><a href="#citable__189"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After talking with Alexander, it appears that Longstreet rode to Spanglers Woods to meet with Pickett.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__147" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="147">Federal troops were required to restore order.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="147"><a href="#citable__147"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Order was restored, fresh troops from the valley arrived, and fell on the Union flank.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JAMES EDWARD CALDWELL</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gen.1starnet.com/civilwar/caldwelj.htm">gen.1starnet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__176" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="176">Longstreet's use of African-American troops during the disturbances increased the denunciations by fellow Southerners.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="176"><a href="#citable__176"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet used Goree as not only an aide but also as a courier, a gunner, and an occasional troop commander.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="176"><a href="#citable__176"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Most fellow southerners missed his point about controlling the negro vote and saw only Longstreets support of the Republican Party.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_67" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-67"><span>[</span>68<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div class="thumb tleft"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:182px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/03/2/5/9/775108733738775.jpg" width="180" height="307" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> James Longstreet in later life, affecting the <a href="/Sideburn" title="Sideburn" class="mw-redirect">sideburns</a> of his <a href="/Ambrose_Burnside" title="Ambrose Burnside">opponent</a> at <a href="/Battle_of_Fredericksburg" title="Battle of Fredericksburg">Fredericksburg</a> and <a href="/Knoxville,_Tennessee" title="Knoxville, Tennessee">Knoxville</a>.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__200" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="200">In 1875 the Longstreet family left New Orleans with concerns over health and safety, returning to <a href="/Gainesville,_Georgia" title="Gainesville, Georgia">Gainesville, Georgia</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="200"><a href="#citable__200"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>See also Longyear family of New York Longyear, John Wesley (1820-1875) — also known as John W. Longyear — of Lansing, Ingham County , Mich.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Long-bey to Looker</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/longan-looker.html">politicalgraveyard.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="200"><a href="#citable__200"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1890, The Washington Artillery of New Orleans insisted that Longstreet be invited to the unveiling of the Lee statue in Richmond or they would not attend.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="200"><a href="#citable__200"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1892, at the third annual meeting of the United Confederate Veterans in New Orleans, Longstreet was again recognized by the men who had served under his command.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__181" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="181">By this time Louise had given birth to ten children, five of whom lived to adulthood.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="181"><a href="#citable__181"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thomas Sumter, Revolutionary soldier in South Carolina for whom Fort Sumter was named, lived for a time in his youth at Sumter's Mill, five miles southeast.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He applied for various jobs through the <a href="/Rutherford_B._Hayes" title="Rutherford B. Hayes">Rutherford B. Hayes</a> administration and was briefly considered for Secretary of the Navy. He served briefly as deputy collector of <a href="/Internal_Revenue_Service" title="Internal Revenue Service">internal revenue</a> and as postmaster of Gainesville. <a name="citable__262" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="262">In 1880 Hayes appointed Longstreet as his <a href="/United_States_Ambassador_to_Turkey" title="United States Ambassador to Turkey">ambassador</a> to the <a href="/Ottoman_Empire" title="Ottoman Empire">Ottoman Empire</a>, and later he served from 1897 to 1904, under Presidents <a href="/William_McKinley" title="William McKinley">William McKinley</a> and <a href="/Theodore_Roosevelt" title="Theodore Roosevelt">Theodore Roosevelt</a>, as U.S. Commissioner of Railroads.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="262"><a href="#citable__262"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Major William H. ``Howdy'' Martin of the Fourth Texas was appointed to present the Brigade's case against consolidation to President Davis.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="262"><a href="#citable__262"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1892, at the third annual meeting of the United Confederate Veterans in New Orleans, Longstreet was again recognized by the men who had served under his command.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="262"><a href="#citable__262"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President Davis also ordered Longstreet to return William T. Martin's Cavalry Division to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_68" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-68"><span>[</span>69<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__139" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="139">On one of his frequent return trips to New Orleans on business, Longstreet converted to <a href="/Roman_Catholic_Church" title="Roman Catholic Church" class="mw-redirect">Catholicism</a> in 1877 and was a devout believer until his death.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The relationship between Longstreet and Hill was strained for only a short time "and they were warm friends until the day of General Hills death."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One modern writer believes Lee and Longstreet consulted off and on from 4:30 until at least 10:00 that morning.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the war, he resided in New Orleans and engaged in business.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_69" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-69"><span>[</span>70<span>]</span></a></sup> He served as a <a href="/U.S._marshal" title="U.S. marshal" class="mw-redirect">U.S. marshal</a> from 1881 to 1884, but the return of a <a href="/Democratic_Party_(United_States)" title="Democratic Party (United States)">Democratic</a> administration ended his political careers and he went into semiretirement on a 65-acre (260,000 m<sup>2</sup>) farm near Gainesville, where he raised turkeys and planted orchards and vineyards on terraced ground that his neighbors referred to jokingly as "Gettysburg." A devastating fire on April 9, 1889 (the 24th anniversary of Lee's surrender at Appomattox) destroyed his house and many of his personal possessions, including his personal Civil War documents and memorabilia. That December Louise Longstreet died. He remarried in 1897, in a ceremony at the governor's mansion in Atlanta, to <a href="/Helen_Dortch_Longstreet" title="Helen Dortch Longstreet">Helen Dortch</a>, age 34. Although Longstreet's children reacted poorly to the marriage, Helen became a devoted wife and avid supporter of his legacy after his passing. She outlived him by 58 years, dying in 1962.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_70" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-70"><span>[</span>71<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__151" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="151">After Louise's death, and after bearing criticism of his war record from other Confederates for decades, Longstreet refuted most of their arguments in his memoirs entitled <em>From Manassas to Appomattox</em>, a labor of five years that was published in 1896. His final years were marked by poor health and partial deafness.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="151"><a href="#citable__151"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As both Jackson and Stuart had been killed during the war, and as most western Confederate commanders lacked the prominence to serve this function, Longstreet emerged for unreconstructed Confederates as the bete noir of Southern military history, both for his post-war Republican politics and his criticisms of Lee, his actual war record and relationship with Lee notwithstanding.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="151"><a href="#citable__151"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For three years, Hancock and his friend Lo Armistead had managed to avoid each other across battlefields, but at Gettysburg the unwanted confrontation finally took place.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="151"><a href="#citable__151"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The most notable was Walter Taylor's memoir, Four Years with General Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__263" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="263">In 1902 he suffered from severe <a href="/Rheumatism" title="Rheumatism">rheumatism</a> and was unable to stand for more than a few minutes at a time.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="263"><a href="#citable__263"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During the next few minutes Alexander pondered the best timing for Pickett and the other infantry leaders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="263"><a href="#citable__263"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee, for that matter, was scarcely more adept in handling a staff at this time than the officers were in serving him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="263"><a href="#citable__263"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Well, quite a few of these clowns are making more money than me.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Real Estate Blog - Is Your Realtor a Clown in Disguise?</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://activerain.com/blogsview/1453920/is-your-realtor-a-clown-in-disguise-">activerain.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> His weight diminished from 200 to 135 pounds by January 1903. <a href="/Cancer" title="Cancer">Cancer</a> developed in his right eye, and in December he had X-ray therapy in Chicago to treat it.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Welsh144_64_1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Welsh144-64"><span>[</span>65<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__19" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="19">He contracted <a href="/Pneumonia" title="Pneumonia">pneumonia</a> and died in Gainesville, where he is buried in Alta Vista Cemetery.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Interment at Alta Vista Cemetery , Gainesville, Ga.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Long-bey to Looker</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/longan-looker.html">politicalgraveyard.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__266" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="266">He outlived most of his detractors, and was one of only a few general officers from the Civil War to live into the 20th century.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="266"><a href="#citable__266"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Despite the adulation of his old command, an anti-Longstreet attitude has prevailed among historians into this century, most notably by Douglas Southall Freeman and Clifford Dowdey.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="266"><a href="#citable__266"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The second effect was one of the more tragic blunders of the war, committed by a member of General Rosecrans staff, Captain Sanford Kellogg.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="266"><a href="#citable__266"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Gregg would be the last general officer to command the Texas Brigade and its only commander to be killed in action.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_71" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-71"><span>[</span>72<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Legacy">Legacy</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__50" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="50">Knudsen maintains that because Longstreet became a "reconstructed rebel", embraced equal rights for blacks, unification of the nation, and reconstruction, he became the target of those who wanted to maintain racist policies and otherwise could not accept the verdict of the battlefield.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="50"><a href="#citable__50"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Quick to criticize himself if he made mistakes, he was equally hard on those who fell short of his high standards.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="50"><a href="#citable__50"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet wants to stop his men from making this charge because the bombardment won't be adequate, but knows nothing will stop Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="50"><a href="#citable__50"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet had been counting on Hood to provide cohesion on the right -- a confidence placed with the knowledge of superb fighting on so many battlefields -- and the loss of this able fighter slowed the Rebel attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Knudsen719_72_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Knudsen719-72"><span>[</span>73<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__123" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="123">Criticism from authors in the <a href="/Lost_Cause_of_the_Confederacy" title="Lost Cause of the Confederacy">Lost Cause</a> movement attacked Longstreet's war career for many years after his death.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="123"><a href="#citable__123"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="123"><a href="#citable__123"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To what extent Longstreet's lack of faith in the attack doomed its chances of success became a matter of bitter debate for many Confederates and their partisans.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="123"><a href="#citable__123"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Raleigh, North Carolina, Georgia troops attacked the offices of the Raleigh Standard, a paper known for its criticism of the war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__15" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="15">The attacks formally began on January 19, 1872, the anniversary of Robert E. Lee's birth, and less than two years after Lee's death.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="15"><a href="#citable__15"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Robert Edward Lee (19 January 1807-12 October 1870) and Department of Northern Virginia .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="15"><a href="#citable__15"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee planned a frontal attack by the divisions of Charles Field and Robert Hoke against the Federal lines between the Darbytown Road and New Market Road.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="15"><a href="#citable__15"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Here George B. McClellan's army retiring from Richmond was attacked by Robert E. Lee on July 1, 1862.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__107" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="107"><a href="/Jubal_Anderson_Early" title="Jubal Anderson Early">Jubal Early</a>, in a speech at <a href="/Washington_and_Lee_University" title="Washington and Lee University">Washington College</a>, exonerated Lee of his failure at Gettysburg and falsely accused Longstreet of attacking late on the second day and of being responsible for the debacle on the third.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="107"><a href="#citable__107"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is to be placed on the desk of Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States the day after Lee has destroyed the Army of the Potomac somewhere north of Washington.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg (film) - Wikiquote</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Gettysburg_(film)">en.wikiquote.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="107"><a href="#citable__107"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Having received his orders from Longstreet to execute Lee's plan, Hood ordered his brigades to attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="107"><a href="#citable__107"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the morning of April 6, the Second, Fifth and Sixth Army Corps of Ulysses Simpson Grant's Army advanced from Jetersville toward Amelia Courthouse to attack Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__39" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="39">The following year <a href="/William_N._Pendleton" title="William N. Pendleton">William N. Pendleton</a>, Lee's artillery chief, claimed in the same venue that Longstreet disobeyed an explicit order to attack at sunrise on July 2. Both of these allegations were fabrications,<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Knudsen719_72_1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Knudsen719-72"><span>[</span>73<span>]</span></a></sup> however, Longstreet failed to challenge these lies publicly until 1875. The delay was damaging to his reputation, as the Lost Cause mythology had taken hold in common opinion by this time.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="39"><a href="#citable__39"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He ordered Longstreet to continue the attack started on 2 July.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="39"><a href="#citable__39"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What was clear to Longstreet was that the attack had failed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="39"><a href="#citable__39"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet was not cheerful, however, despite his claim.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__117" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="117">In the 20th century, Lost Cause "disciple"<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Knudsen719_72_2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Knudsen719-72"><span>[</span>73<span>]</span></a></sup> Douglas Southall Freeman, kept criticism of Longstreet foremost in Civil War scholarship in his biography of Lee.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="117"><a href="#citable__117"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="117"><a href="#citable__117"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lee's biographer, Douglas Southall Freeman, wrote: "The seeds of much of the disaster at Gettysburg were sown in that instant—when Lee yielded to Longstreet and Longstreet discovered that he would 2 years ago 0 Rating: Good Answer 0 Rating: Bad Answer Report Abuse by crazymon...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="117"><a href="#citable__117"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Despite the adulation of his old command, an anti-Longstreet attitude has prevailed among historians into this century, most notably by Douglas Southall Freeman and Clifford Dowdey.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>�Never Was I So Depressed�: James Longstreet and Pickett�s Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getttour/sidebar/lngstrt.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_73" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-73"><span>[</span>74<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__59" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="59">Clifford Dowdey, a Virginia newspaperman and novelist, was noted for his severe criticism of Longstreet in the 1950s and 1960s.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="59"><a href="#citable__59"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Despite the adulation of his old command, an anti-Longstreet attitude has prevailed among historians into this century, most notably by Douglas Southall Freeman and Clifford Dowdey.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_74" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-74"><span>[</span>75<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__89" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="89">After Longstreet's death, Helen Longstreet privately published <em>Lee and Longstreet at High Tide</em> in his defense, in which she stated "the South was seditiously taught to believe that the Federal Victory was wholly the fortuitous outcome of the culpable disobedience of General Longstreet."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="89"><a href="#citable__89"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Confederates, sallying from their defenses, attacked General Winfield Scott Hancock's Brigade holding the right of the Union line south of the river.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="89"><a href="#citable__89"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Remembering the resounding defensive success achieved at Fredericksburg in the previous December, Longstreet believed that the tactical defensive offered the best hope for success.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="89"><a href="#citable__89"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Back on Seminary Ridge, Generals Lee and Longstreet rallied the remnants of Pickett’s assault force as they streamed back across the field under artillery fire.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art - Part Four: The United States - Operational Art and the Gettysburg Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.history.army.mil/books/OpArt/us2.htm">www.history.army.mil</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_75" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-75"><span>[</span>76<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__60" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="60">The publication of <a href="/Michael_Shaara" title="Michael Shaara">Michael Shaara</a>'s novel <em><a href="/The_Killer_Angels" title="The Killer Angels">The Killer Angels</a></em> in 1974, based in part on Longstreet's memoirs, followed by its 1993 film adaptation, <em><a href="/Gettysburg_(film)" title="Gettysburg (film)">Gettysburg</a></em>, have been credited with helping to restore Longstreet's reputation as a general and to dramatically raise his public visibility.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="60"><a href="#citable__60"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jump to: navigation , search Gettysburg is a 1993 film based on the novel The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara , depicting the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg (film) - Wikiquote</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Gettysburg_(film)">en.wikiquote.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="60"><a href="#citable__60"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On March 27th, as part of his proposed plan of operation, Longstreet asked General Lee to assist in obtaining the support of the Confederate Navy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="60"><a href="#citable__60"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These orders may indicate some confusion on Longstreet’s part which followed the end of Pickett's Charge and the general's attempt to consolidate his battered corps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_76" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-76"><span>[</span>77<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__260" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="260">The 1982 work by Thomas L. Connolly and Barbara L. Bellows, <em>God and General Longstreet</em>, provided a "further upgrading of Longstreet through an attack on Lee, the Lost Cause, and the Virginia revisionists."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="260"><a href="#citable__260"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet was criticized for his performance during the battle and the postbellum advocates of the Lost Cause claimed that his slowness, reluctance to attack, and disobedience to Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Quick summary of battle of Bull Run.? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080110171457AAahu0q">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="260"><a href="#citable__260"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Having received his orders from Longstreet to execute Lee's plan, Hood ordered his brigades to attack.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="260"><a href="#citable__260"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On assuming command of the Army of Northern Virginia on June 1, Lee had continued Captain A. P. Mason, of Johnston's staff, as assistant adjutant general.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_77" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-77"><span>[</span>78<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_In_memoriam">In memoriam</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__282" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="282">Longstreet Bridge, a portion of <a href="/U.S._Route_129" title="U.S. Route 129">U.S. Route 129</a> near <a href="/Gainesville,_Georgia" title="Gainesville, Georgia">Gainesville, Georgia</a>, crosses the <a href="/Chattahoochee_River" title="Chattahoochee River">Chattahoochee River</a> (which later was dammed to form <a href="/Lake_Sidney_Lanier" title="Lake Sidney Lanier" class="mw-redirect">Lake Sidney Lanier</a> in Georgia) and was named in honor of General Longstreet.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="282"><a href="#citable__282"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(Route 250, at the crossing of Mechums River).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="282"><a href="#citable__282"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet received orders from Richmond to report with the ``original portion of the First Corps to General R. E. Lee.''</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="282"><a href="#citable__282"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Pardon me, General Crittenden, Longstreet, with a considerable force from the Army of Northern Virginia, is now at and near Ringgold," Minty stated.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_78" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-78"><span>[</span>79<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Longstreet,_Louisiana" title="Longstreet, Louisiana">Longstreet</a>, a <a href="/Village" title="Village">village</a> in northwestern <a href="/De_Soto_Parish,_Louisiana" title="De Soto Parish, Louisiana">De Soto Parish</a>, <a href="/Louisiana" title="Louisiana">Louisiana</a>, is named for General Longstreet.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_79" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-79"><span>[</span>80<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__16" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="16">Longstreet Road is a major east-west road at <a href="/Fort_Bragg,_North_Carolina" title="Fort Bragg, North Carolina" class="mw-redirect">Fort Bragg</a>, <a href="/North_Carolina" title="North Carolina">North Carolina</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="16"><a href="#citable__16"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As a result of this deep love of history, Shannon plans to attend the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, in the Fall of 1999 to begin her major in history.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="16"><a href="#citable__16"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>February 1865: Former sub-districts were merged into District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee and District of South Mississippi and East Louisiana .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Organization of the Confederate Armies</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.csawardept.com/history/armies/">www.csawardept.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="16"><a href="#citable__16"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>North of Herring Creek the River road 39 ran from east to west across a ridge that dominated the fields where the Union troops were resting.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Robert E. Lee (by Freeman) — Vol. II Chap. 18 </c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/2/18*.html">penelope.uchicago.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_80" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-80"><span>[</span>81<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__83" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="83">In <a href="/World_War_II" title="World War II">World War II</a> the <a href="/United_States" title="United States">United States</a> <a href="/Liberty_ship" title="Liberty ship">liberty ship</a> <a href="/SS_James_Longstreet" title="SS James Longstreet">SS <em>James Longstreet</em></a> was named in his honor.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="83"><a href="#citable__83"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On April 1, 1863 the dilemma was solved as the War Department stated that Longstreet's command was under the supervision and general direction of General Lee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="83"><a href="#citable__83"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet had several hours to deploy half an army over ground he had never seen to fight a battle that could decide the war in the west.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Attack at Chickamauga: Confederate Command of James Longstreet</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/smith_longstreet_chickamauga.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="83"><a href="#citable__83"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Officially known as Camp Bragg, the Texans named it Camp Texas in honor of the Lone Star state.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__154" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="154">In 1998 one of the last monuments erected at <a href="/Gettysburg_Battlefield" title="Gettysburg Battlefield">Gettysburg National Military Park</a> was dedicated as a belated tribute to Longstreet, an equestrian statue by sculptor Gary Casteel.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="154"><a href="#citable__154"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Her father was Chairman of the Longstreet Memorial Fund, an organization responsible for erecting a monument to General James Longstreet at Gettysburg National Military Park.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="154"><a href="#citable__154"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At last, one of the many deficiencies of supply in Longstreet's Army had been resolved.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="154"><a href="#citable__154"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Licensed Battlefield Guides at Gettysburg National Military Park will tell you that the age-old legend of the Battle of Gettysburg being started over shoes is untrue.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__253" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="253">He is shown riding on a disproportionately small depiction of his favorite horse, Hero, at ground level in a grove of trees in Pitzer Woods—unlike most generals, who are elevated on tall bases overlooking the battlefield—indicative of the continuing controversy surrounding him.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="253"><a href="#citable__253"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Longstreet is the favorite of General Lee, who keeps him near.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="253"><a href="#citable__253"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the midst of the most terrible bombardment, General Hancock rides within range of the cannons where his men can see him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg: The Movie, based on 'The Killer Angels'</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iment.com/maida/tv/misc/gettysburg.htm">www.iment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="253"><a href="#citable__253"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The next day Jackson struck east through Throughfare Gap in the wooded Bull Run Mountains, where Major General J.E.B. Stuart and his cavalry joined him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Battle of Antietam</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/antietam/pope.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_81" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-81"><span>[</span>82<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_In_popular_media">In popular media</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Longstreet is a character in <a href="/Harry_Turtledove" title="Harry Turtledove">Harry Turtledove</a>'s <a href="/Alternate_history_(fiction)" title="Alternate history (fiction)" class="mw-redirect">alternate history</a> novel, <em><a href="/How_Few_Remain" title="How Few Remain">How Few Remain</a></em>, and in <a href="/Robert_Conroy" title="Robert Conroy">Robert Conroy</a>'s alternate history novel, <a href="/1901_(novel)" title="1901 (novel)"><em>1901</em></a>. <a name="citable__110" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="110">He is portrayed in the film <em><a href="/Gettysburg_(film)" title="Gettysburg (film)">Gettysburg</a></em> by <a href="/Tom_Berenger" title="Tom Berenger">Tom Berenger</a>, and in the <a href="/Prequel" title="Prequel">prequel</a>, <em><a href="/Gods_and_Generals" title="Gods and Generals">Gods and Generals</a></em>, by <a href="/Bruce_Boxleitner" title="Bruce Boxleitner">Bruce Boxleitner</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Tom Berenger (Films) (Biography) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg, Stephen Lang, DVD - Barnes & Noble</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://video.barnesandnoble.com/DVD/Gettysburg/Stephen-Lang/e/053939613926">video.barnesandnoble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Gettysburg Director: Ronald F. Maxwell Cast: Stephen Lang , Tom Berenger , Martin Sheen , Richard Jordan .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg, Stephen Lang, DVD - Barnes & Noble</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://video.barnesandnoble.com/DVD/Gettysburg/Stephen-Lang/e/053939613926">video.barnesandnoble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Gettysburg / Gods and Generals Features: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Gettysburg, Stephen Lang, DVD - Barnes & Noble</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://video.barnesandnoble.com/DVD/Gettysburg/Stephen-Lang/e/053939613926">video.barnesandnoble.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He was portrayed onstage in the world premiere of <em>The Killer Angels</em> at the <a href="/Lifeline_Theatre" title="Lifeline Theatre">Lifeline Theatre</a> in Chicago by Brian Amidei.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_82" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-82"><span>[</span>83<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_See_also">See also</span></h2> <div class="noprint tright portal" style="border:solid #aaa 1px;margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 0.5em;"> <table style="background:#f9f9f9; font-size:85%; line-height:110%;"> <tr> <td><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/3/9/3/74542222651938322.png" width="29" height="28" /></td> <td style="padding:0 0.2em;"><em><strong><a href="/Portal:American_Civil_War" title="Portal:American Civil War">American Civil War portal</a></strong></em></td> </tr> </table> </div> <div class="noprint tright portal" style="border:solid #aaa 1px;margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 0.5em;"> <table style="background:#f9f9f9; font-size:85%; line-height:110%;"> <tr> <td><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/2/9/4/57624524188058113.png" width="28" height="28" /></td> <td style="padding:0 0.2em;"><em><strong><a href="/Portal:United_States_Army" title="Portal:United States Army">United States Army portal</a></strong></em></td> </tr> </table> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Notes">Notes</span></h2> <div class="references-small references-column-width" style="-moz-column-width:30em; column-width:30em;"> <ol class="references"> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_0"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-0">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 405.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_1"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-1">^</a></strong> Longstreet wrote in his memoirs, p. 13, that "It is difficult to determine whether the name sprang from France, Germany, or Holland."</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_2"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 19-22; Longstreet, p. 13; Dickson, p. 1213.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_3"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 22-26; Dickson, p. 1213.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_4"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></strong> Longstreet, pp. 16-17; Wert, pp. 26-31; Eicher, p. 353.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_5"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-5">^</a></strong> Smith, p. 73.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_6"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-6">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 26-31.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_7"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 35-45; Eicher, p. 353.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_8"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 47-51; Eicher, p. 353.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_9"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></strong> Phillips, Kevin, <em>The Cousins' Wars</em>, New York: Basic Books, 1999, p. 347. Phillips gives no details of the plot or names other participants. None of the other references to this article mention this incident.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_10"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-10">^</a></strong> Dickson, p. 1213; Wert, pp. 51-53.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_11"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 58-61. Longstreet, pp. 32-33, claimed that he sought only appointment as a paymaster, but historians such as Wert believe this was falsely modest and that he sought the glory of infantry command from the earliest days.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_12"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></strong> Tagg, p. 204; Wert, pp. 62-77; Dickson, p. 1214; Longstreet, pp 37-57.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_13"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 90-91; Eicher, p. 353.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_14"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></strong> Tagg, p. 205; Wert, p. 97.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_15"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-15">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 110-25; Dickson, p. 1214.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_16"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-16">^</a></strong> Dickson, p. 1214; Tagg, p. 204; Wert, pp. 134-52.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_17"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-17">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 206.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_18"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-18">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 164.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_19"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-19">^</a></strong> Gallagher, pp. 140-57; Tagg, p. 205; Wert, pp. 166-72.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_20"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-20">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 177.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_21"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-21">^</a></strong> Dickson, p. 1214; Longstreet, pp. 180-98; Wert, p. 179.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_22"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-22">^</a></strong> Knudsen, pp. 35-42.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_23"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-23">^</a></strong> Longstreet, pp. 239-78; Dickson, p. 1215; Wert, pp. 200, 205, 208.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_24"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-24">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 215-23; Longstreet, pp. 297-321; Alexander, pp. 166-87; Dickson, p. 1215.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_25"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-25">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 228.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_26"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-26">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 228; Eicher, p. 353.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_27"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-27">^</a></strong> Tagg, p. 205; Alexander, p. 190; Wert, pp. 234-41; Longstreet, pp. 322-33.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_28"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-28">^</a></strong> Knudsen, pp. 62-65.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_29"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-29">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 242-46.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_30"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-30">^</a></strong> Longstreet, p. 331.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_31"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-31">^</a></strong> Coddington, p. 11; Wert, p. 246.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_32"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-32">^</a></strong> Coddington, p. 12; Wert, p. 248.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_33"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-33">^</a></strong> Coddington, pp. 188-90.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_34"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-34">^</a></strong> Longstreet, pp. 346-61; Coddington, pp. 360-61; Tagg, p. 206.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_35"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-35">^</a></strong> Fuller, p. 198.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_36"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-36">^</a></strong> Coddington, pp. 378-79; Sears, pp. 258-61.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_37"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-37">^</a></strong> Dickson, p. 1215.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_38"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-38">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 268</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_39"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-39">^</a></strong> Hattaway and Jones, pp. 406-07.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_40"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-40">^</a></strong> Coddington, pp. 378-80.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_41"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-41">^</a></strong> Pfanz, p. 123.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_42"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-42">^</a></strong> Callihan, p. 14.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_43"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-43">^</a></strong> Lott, p. 27.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_44"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-44">^</a></strong> Coddington, pp. 359-441; Longstreet, pp. 362-84; Tagg, pp. 206-07.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_45"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-45">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 283.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_46"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-46">^</a></strong> Alexander, pp. 254-65; Longstreet, pp. 385-425; Coddington, pp. 493-534; Wert, pp. 280-97; Tagg, p. 208.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_47"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-47">^</a></strong> Longstreet, p. 384.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_48"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-48">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 300-05.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_49"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-49">^</a></strong> Knudsen, pp. 81-87.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_50"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-50">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 308-20; Longstreet, pp. 445-79; Alexander, pp. 284-92.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_51"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-51">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 325-28.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_52"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-52">^</a></strong> Knudsen, pp. 83-87.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_53"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-53">^</a></strong> Longstreet, pp. 460-65.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_54"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-54">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 338.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_55"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-55">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 330-39; Longstreet, pp. 467-81.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_56"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-56">^</a></strong> Wert, p. 357.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_57"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-57">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 340-59, 360-75; Longstreet, pp. 480-523.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_58"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-58">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 369-71; Longstreet, pp. 544-46.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_59"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-59">^</a></strong> Rhea, p. 42.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_60"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-60">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 385-87.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_61"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-61">^</a></strong> Foote, p. 177.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_62"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-62">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 385-89; Alexander, p. 360.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_63"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-63">^</a></strong> Sawyer, p. 63.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_Welsh144_64">^ <a href="#cite_ref-Welsh144_64-0"><sup><em><strong>a</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-Welsh144_64-1"><sup><em><strong>b</strong></em></sup></a> Welsh, p. 144.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_65"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-65">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 390-403; Alexander, p. 538; Longstreet, pp. 573-631.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_66"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-66">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 407-10, 413-14; Longstreet, p. 634.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_67"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-67">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 413-16.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_68"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-68">^</a></strong> Eicher, p. 353; Wert, pp. 417-19.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_69"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-69">^</a></strong> <img alt="Wikisource-logo.svg" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/00/2/5/5/83633281968699392.png" width="15" height="16" /> <span class="citation book"><a href="/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/James_Longstreet#wikisource" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"James Longstreet"</a>. <em><a href="/Catholic_Encyclopedia" title="Catholic Encyclopedia">Catholic Encyclopedia</a></em>. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913<span class="printonly">. <a href="/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/James_Longstreet#wikisource" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/James_Longstreet</a></span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=James+Longstreet&rft.atitle=%5B%5BCatholic+Encyclopedia%5D%5D&rft.date=1913&rft.place=New+York&rft.pub=Robert+Appleton+Company&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fen.wikisource.org%2Fwiki%2FCatholic_Encyclopedia_%281913%29%2FJames_Longstreet&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:James_Longstreet"> <span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_70"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-70">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 418-25; Eicher, p. 353.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_71"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-71">^</a></strong> Wert, pp. 422-27.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_Knudsen719_72">^ <a href="#cite_ref-Knudsen719_72-0"><sup><em><strong>a</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-Knudsen719_72-1"><sup><em><strong>b</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-Knudsen719_72-2"><sup><em><strong>c</strong></em></sup></a> Knudsen, pp. 7-19.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_73"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-73">^</a></strong> Gallagher, p. 62. Gallagher cites Freeman's description on the end of fighting on July 1 at Gettysburg: "The battle was being decided at that very hour in the mind of Longstreet, who at his camp, a few miles away, was eating his heart away in sullen resentment that Lee had rejected his long cherished plan of a strategic offensive and a tactical defensive." He called Longstreet's performance on July 2 so sluggish "it has often been asked why Lee did not arrest him for insubordination or order him before a court-martial." Gallagher notes that Freeman comes to different conclusions in his later three-volume set, <em>Lee's Lieutenants: a Study in Command</em>, stating that Longstreet's "attitude was wrong but his instinct was correct. He should have obeyed orders, but the order should not have been given."</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_74"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-74">^</a></strong> Gallagher, p. 207; Connelly and Bellows, pp. 32-38; Hartwig, p. 34; Wert, pp. 422-23.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_75"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-75">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-881" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>New Georgia Encyclopedia</em></a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_76"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-76">^</a></strong> Hartwig, p. 2.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_77"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-77">^</a></strong> Wakelyn, p. 258.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_78"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-78">^</a></strong> <a href="http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/meta/html/dlg/vang/meta_dlg_vang_hal281.html?Welcome" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Digital Library of Georgia</em></a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_79"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-79">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=3456" class="external text" rel="nofollow">""Longstreet, Louisiana""</a>. epodunk.com<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=3456" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=3456</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved August 29, 2009</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=%22Longstreet%2C+Louisiana%22&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=epodunk.com&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.epodunk.com%2Fcgi-bin%2FgenInfo.php%3FlocIndex%3D3456&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:James_Longstreet"> <span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_80"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-80">^</a></strong> <a href="http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Longstreet+Rd,+Fort+Bragg,+NC+28310,+USA&sa=X&oi=map&ct=title" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Google map</a>.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_81"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-81">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.elohi.com/photo/longstreet/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Dedication of the James Longstreet Memorial at Gettysburg</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_82"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-82">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.performink.com/Archives/reviewroundup/2004/3-19ReviewRoundup.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Review summaries of <em>The Killer Angels</em></a>.</li> </ol> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_References">References</span></h2> <a name="citable__7" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="7"><ul> <li><a href="/Edward_Porter_Alexander" title="Edward Porter Alexander">Alexander, Edward P.</a>, and Gallagher, Gary W. (editor), <em>Fighting for the Confederacy: The Personal Recollections of General Edward Porter Alexander</em>, University of North Carolina Press, 1989, ISBN 0-8078-4722-4.</li> <li>Callihan, David L., "Neither Villain Nor Hero: A Reassessment of James Longstreet's Performance at Gettysburg," <em>The Gettysburg Magazine</em>, issue 26, January 2002.</li> <li>Coddington, Edwin B., <em>The Gettysburg Campaign; a study in command</em>, Scribner's, 1968, ISBN 0-684-84569-5.</li> <li>Connelly, Thomas L., and Barbara L. Bellows, <em>God and General Longstreet: The Lost Cause and the Southern Mind</em>, Louisiana State University Press, 1982, ISBN 0-8071-1020-5.</li> <li>Dickson, Charles Ellis, "James Longstreet", <em>Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History</em>, Heidler, David S., and Heidler, Jeanne T., eds., W. W. Norton & Company, 2000, ISBN 0-393-04758-X.</li> <li>Eicher, John H., and <a href="/David_J._Eicher" title="David J. Eicher">Eicher, David J.</a>, <em>Civil War High Commands</em>, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.</li> <li><a href="/Shelby_Foote" title="Shelby Foote">Foote, Shelby</a>, <em>The Civil War: A Narrative, Vol.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="7"><a href="#citable__7"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Edward Porter Alexander was among the first to wake up, despite having spent part of the night tending to the placement of his guns.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Pickett's Charge--The Last Attack at Gettysburg, by Earl J. Hess. Chapter 1.</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/uncpress/chapters/hess_picketts.html">www.ibiblio.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="7"><a href="#citable__7"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>David M. Jordan, "Winfield Scott Hancock: A Soldier's Life" (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press [paperback], 1996), p.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="7"><a href="#citable__7"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Longstreet, James From Manassas to Appomattox (Blue & Grey Press, 1984), pp.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Military History Online - The Battle of Antietam</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/civilwar/antietam/pope.aspx">www.militaryhistoryonline.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__221" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="221">3: Red River to Appomattox</em>, Random House, 1974, ISBN 0-394-74913-8.</li> <li><a href="/J._F._C._Fuller" title="J. F. C. Fuller">Fuller, Maj.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="221"><a href="#citable__221"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Just east of this point running from the James River to the Appomattox River, was the Confederate defense line known as the Howlett line, named for the Howlett House that stood at the north end of the line.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>richmond</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mosocco.com/richmond.htm">www.mosocco.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Gen. J. F. C.</a>, <em>Grant and Lee, A Study in Personality and Generalship</em>, Indiana University Press, 1957, ISBN 0-253-13400-5.</li> <li>Gallagher, Gary, <em>Lee and His Generals in War and Memory</em>, Louisiana State University Press, 1998, ISBN 0-8071-2958-5.</li> <li>Hartwig, D. Scott, <em>A Killer Angels Companion</em>, Thomas Publications, 1996, ISBN 0-939631-95-4.</li> <li>Hattaway, Herman, and Jones, Archer, <em>How the North Won: A Military History of the Civil War</em>, University of Illinois Press, 1983, ISBN 0-252-00918-5.</li> <li>Knudsen, LTC Harold M., <em>General James Longstreet: The Confederacy's Most Modern General</em>, Word Association Publishers, 2007, ISBN 1-59571-188-0.</li> <li>Longstreet, James, <a href="http://www.wtj.com/archives/longstreet/" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>From Manassas to Appomattox</em></a>, 2nd ed., Lippincott, 1912.</li> <li>Lott, John, "Could Longstreet's Delay Have Been Avoided?", <em>The Civil War Courier</em>, February 2008.</li> <li>Rhea, Gordon C., <em>The Battle of the Wilderness May 5–6, 1864</em>, Louisiana State University Press, 1994, ISBN 0-8071-1873-7.</li> <li>Sawyer, Gordon, <em>James Longstreet: Before Manassas & After Appomattox</em>, Sawyer House Publishing, 2005, ISBN 0-9769331-0-1.</li> <li><a href="/Jean_Edward_Smith" title="Jean Edward Smith">Smith, Jean Edward</a>, <em>Grant</em>, Simon and Shuster, 2001, ISBN 0-684-84927-5.</li> <li>Tagg, Larry, <a href="http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals/" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>The Generals of Gettysburg</em></a>, Savas Publishing, 1998, ISBN 1-882810-30-9.</li> <li>Wakelyn, Jon L., "James Longstreet", <em>Leaders of the American Civil War: A Biographical and Historiographical Dictionary</em>, Ritter, Charles F., and Wakelyn, Jon L., eds., Greenwood Press, 1998, ISBN 0-313-29560-3.</li> <li>Welsh, Jack D., <em>Medical Histories of Confederate Generals</em>, Kent State University Press, 1999, ISBN 978-0873386494.</li> <li><a href="/Jeffry_D._Wert" title="Jeffry D. Wert">Wert, Jeffry D.</a>, <em>General James Longstreet: The Confederacy's Most Controversial Soldier: A Biography</em>, Simon & Schuster, 1993, ISBN 0-671-70921-6.</li> <li><a href="http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-881" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>New Georgia Encyclopedia</em> biography of Helen Dortch Longstreet</a></li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Further_reading">Further reading</span></h2> <a name="citable__34" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="34"><ul> <li>DiNardo, Richard L., <em>James Longstreet: The Man, the Soldier, the Controversy</em>, Da Capo, 1998, ISBN 0-938289-96-9.</li> <li>Eckenrode, Hamilton J., and Bryan Conrad, <em>James Longstreet: Lee's War Horse</em>, University of North Carolina Press, 1989, ISBN 0807816906</li> <li><a href="/Douglas_S._Freeman" title="Douglas S. Freeman">Freeman, Douglas S.</a>, <em>Lee's Lieutenants: A Study in Command</em> (3 volumes), Scribners, 1946, ISBN 0-684-85979-3.</li> <li>Freeman, Douglas S., <a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/home.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>R. E. Lee, A Biography</em></a> (4 volumes), Scribners, 1934.</li> <li>Longstreet, Helen Dortch, <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=09N2AAAAMAAJ" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Lee and Longstreet at High Tide: Gettysburg in light of the official records</em></a>, self-published, 1904.</li> <li>Mendoza, Alexander, <em>Confederate Struggle For Command: General James Longstreet and the First Corps in the West</em>, Texas A&M University Press, 2008, ISBN 1-60344-052-6.</li> <li>Piston, William G., <em>Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History</em>, University of Georgia Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8203-0907-9.</li> <li>Reardon, Carol, <em>I have been a soldier all my life": Gen.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="34"><a href="#citable__34"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If Suffolk was Longstreet's first independent command, then how did anyone know his capabilities prior to May 1863?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="34"><a href="#citable__34"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Longstreet and the second under Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History of the Fourth Texas Infantry</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pha.jhu.edu/%7Edag/4thtex/history/history.html">www.pha.jhu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="34"><a href="#citable__34"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He is currently pursuing a Master of Arts in Civil War Studies through American Military University in Manassas, Virginia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>History Articles & Short Story Competition Victory Parade - AllWinners</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historyonline.net/shortstory/ss98-1.html">www.historyonline.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__105" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="105">James Longstreet, CSA</em>, Farnsworth Military Impressions, 1997, ISBN 0-9643632-9-1.</li> <li>Sanger, Donald B., <em>James Longstreet, Vol.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="105"><a href="#citable__105"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Description: This isn't the first biography to be written on Confederate General James Longstreet, but it's the best--and certainly the one that pays the most attention to Longstreet's performance as a military leader.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="105"><a href="#citable__105"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some writers, such as Donald B. Sanger, Edwin B. Coddington, William G. Piston, and Carol Reardon, have been more objective in their approach to the events of July 3 and to Longstreet’s role.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General James Longstreet and Pickett's Charge</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thomaslegion.net/generaljameslongstreetpickettscharge.html">thomaslegion.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="105"><a href="#citable__105"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Sanger, Donald Bridgman, General James Longstreet and the Civil War A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the Division of the Social Sciences in the Candidacy for the Degree of Philosophy - Department of History , (Chicago: The University of Chicago, 1934), 173.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>James Longstreet & the Suffolk Campaign</c_title></em> <c_date>1 February 2010 2:36 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cincinnaticwrt.org/data/ccwrt_history/talks_text/breiner_longstreet_suffolk.html">www.cincinnaticwrt.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> I: Soldier</em>, Louisiana State University Press, 1952.</li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_External_links">External links</span></h2> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.longstreetchronicles.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">The Longstreet Chronicles</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.longstreet.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">The Longstreet Society</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.library.ci.corpus-christi.tx.us/MexicanWar/longstreetj.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Military biography of James Longstreet</a> <a href="/United_States_Military_Academy" title="United States Military Academy">from the Cullum biographies</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.footnote.com/viewer.php?image=4346763" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Original Document: James Longstreet's Signature on The Confederate Surrender at Appomattox, Virginia April 10, 1865</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.historynet.com/wars_conflicts/american_civil_war/3446371.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">James Longstreet: Robert E. Lee's Most Valuable Soldier</a> article by Jeffry D. Wert</li> <li><a href="http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=642" class="external text" rel="nofollow">James Longstreet</a> at <a href="/Find_a_Grave" title="Find a Grave">Find a Grave</a></li> </ul> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"> <tr> <td style="padding:2px;"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible collapsed" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"> <tr> <th style=";background-color: #B0C4DE; font-size: 95%;" colspan="2" class="navbox-title"> <div style="padding: 0.2em 0; line-height: 1.3em;"><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><a href="/Battle_of_Gettysburg" title="Battle of Gettysburg">Gettysburg figures</a></span></div> </th> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";background-color: #DCDCDC;;"><a href="/Confederate_States_Army" title="Confederate States Army">Confederate</a> leaders</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong><a href="/Robert_E._Lee" title="Robert E. Lee">Robert E. Lee</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/E._Porter_Alexander" title="E. Porter Alexander" class="mw-redirect">E. Porter Alexander</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Richard_H._Anderson" title="Richard H. Anderson">Richard H. Anderson</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_T._Anderson" title="George T. Anderson">George T. Anderson</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/James_J._Archer" title="James J. Archer">James J. Archer</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Lewis_Addison_Armistead" title="Lewis Addison Armistead">Lewis Addison Armistead</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_Barksdale" title="William Barksdale">William Barksdale</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Henry_L._Benning" title="Henry L. Benning">Henry L. Benning</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_M._Brockenbrough" title="John M. Brockenbrough">John M. Brockenbrough</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_R._Chambliss" title="John R. Chambliss">John R. Chambliss</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Junius_Daniel" title="Junius Daniel">Junius Daniel</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joseph_R._Davis" title="Joseph R. Davis">Joseph R. Davis</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_P._Doles" title="George P. Doles">George P. Doles</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Jubal_A._Early" title="Jubal A. Early" class="mw-redirect">Jubal A. Early</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Richard_S._Ewell" title="Richard S. Ewell">Richard S. Ewell</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Richard_B._Garnett" title="Richard B. Garnett">Richard B. Garnett</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_Brown_Gordon" title="John Brown Gordon">John Brown Gordon</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Wade_Hampton_III" title="Wade Hampton III">Wade Hampton III</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Harry_T._Hays" title="Harry T. Hays">Harry T. Hays</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Henry_Heth" title="Henry Heth">Henry Heth</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/A._P._Hill" title="A. P. Hill">A. P. Hill</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_B._Hood" title="John B. Hood" class="mw-redirect">John B. Hood</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Benjamin_G._Humphreys" title="Benjamin G. Humphreys">Benjamin G. Humphreys</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_D._Imboden" title="John D. Imboden">John D. Imboden</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alfred_Iverson,_Jr." title="Alfred Iverson, Jr.">Alfred Iverson, Jr.</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Albert_G._Jenkins" title="Albert G. Jenkins">Albert G. Jenkins</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Edward_Johnson_(general)" title="Edward Johnson (general)">Allegheny Johnson</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_M._Jones" title="John M. Jones">John M. Jones</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_E._Jones" title="William E. Jones">William E. Jones</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/James_L._Kemper" title="James L. Kemper">James L. Kemper</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joseph_B._Kershaw" title="Joseph B. Kershaw">Joseph B. Kershaw</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/James_H._Lane_(general)" title="James H. Lane (general)">James H. Lane</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Evander_M._Law" title="Evander M. Law">Evander M. Law</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Fitzhugh_Lee" title="Fitzhugh Lee">Fitzhugh Lee</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_Henry_Fitzhugh_Lee" title="William Henry Fitzhugh Lee">Rooney Lee</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong class="selflink">James Longstreet</strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_Mahone" title="William Mahone">William Mahone</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/James_K._Marshall" title="James K. Marshall">James K. Marshall</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Lafayette_McLaws" title="Lafayette McLaws">Lafayette McLaws</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Edward_A._O%27Neal" title="Edward A. O'Neal">Edward A. O'Neal</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_C._Oates" title="William C. Oates">William C. Oates</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_Dorsey_Pender" title="William Dorsey Pender">W. Dorsey Pender</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/J._Johnston_Pettigrew" title="J. Johnston Pettigrew">J. Johnston Pettigrew</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Abner_Perrin" title="Abner Perrin" class="mw-redirect">Abner Perrin</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_E._Pickett" title="George E. Pickett" class="mw-redirect">George E. Pickett</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Carnot_Posey" title="Carnot Posey">Carnot Posey</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Stephen_Dodson_Ramseur" title="Stephen Dodson Ramseur">Stephen Dodson Ramseur</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Jerome_B._Robertson" title="Jerome B. Robertson">Jerome B. Robertson</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Robert_E._Rodes" title="Robert E. Rodes">Robert E. Rodes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alfred_Moore_Scales" title="Alfred Moore Scales">Alfred Moore Scales</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Paul_Jones_Semmes" title="Paul Jones Semmes">Paul Jones Semmes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_%22Extra_Billy%22_Smith" title="William "Extra Billy" Smith">William "Extra Billy" Smith</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_H._Steuart_(Brigadier_General)" title="George H. Steuart (Brigadier General)" class="mw-redirect">George H. Steuart</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/J._E._B._Stuart" title="J. E. B. Stuart" class="mw-redirect">J. E. B. Stuart</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Edward_L._Thomas" title="Edward L. Thomas" class="mw-redirect">Edward L. Thomas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Isaac_R._Trimble" title="Isaac R. Trimble">Isaac R. Trimble</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/James_A._Walker" title="James A. Walker">James A. Walker</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Reuben_Lindsay_Walker" title="Reuben Lindsay Walker">R. Lindsay Walker</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Cadmus_M._Wilcox" title="Cadmus M. Wilcox">Cadmus M. Wilcox</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_T._Wofford" title="William T. Wofford">William T. Wofford</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ambrose_R._Wright" title="Ambrose R. Wright">Ambrose R. Wright</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";background-color: #DCDCDC;;"><a href="/Union_(American_Civil_War)" title="Union (American Civil War)">Union</a> leaders</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong><a href="/George_G._Meade" title="George G. Meade" class="mw-redirect">George G. Meade</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Adelbert_Ames" title="Adelbert Ames">Adelbert Ames</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Romeyn_B._Ayres" title="Romeyn B. Ayres">Romeyn B. Ayres</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Francis_C._Barlow" title="Francis C. Barlow">Francis C. Barlow</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/James_Barnes_(general)" title="James Barnes (general)" class="mw-redirect">James Barnes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Henry_Baxter" title="Henry Baxter">Henry Baxter</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/David_B._Birney" title="David B. Birney">David B. Birney</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_Buford" title="John Buford">John Buford</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_C._Caldwell" title="John C. Caldwell">John C. Caldwell</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Charles_Candy" title="Charles Candy">Charles Candy</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joseph_B._Carr" title="Joseph B. Carr" class="mw-redirect">Joseph B. Carr</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joshua_L._Chamberlain" title="Joshua L. Chamberlain" class="mw-redirect">Joshua L. Chamberlain</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Edward_E._Cross" title="Edward E. Cross">Edward E. Cross</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Andrew_Gregg_Curtin" title="Andrew Gregg Curtin">Andrew Gregg Curtin</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_Armstrong_Custer" title="George Armstrong Custer">George A. Custer</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Lysander_Cutler" title="Lysander Cutler">Lysander Cutler</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Samuel_W._Crawford" title="Samuel W. Crawford">Samuel W. Crawford</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Abner_Doubleday" title="Abner Doubleday">Abner Doubleday</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Elon_J._Farnsworth" title="Elon J. Farnsworth">Elon J. Farnsworth</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_W._Geary" title="John W. Geary">John W. Geary</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_Gibbon" title="John Gibbon">John Gibbon</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Leopold_von_Gilsa" title="Leopold von Gilsa">Leopold von Gilsa</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Charles_K._Graham" title="Charles K. Graham">Charles K. Graham</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_S._Greene" title="George S. Greene">George S. Greene</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/David_McMurtrie_Gregg" title="David McMurtrie Gregg">David McMurtrie Gregg</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Winfield_Scott_Hancock" title="Winfield Scott Hancock">Winfield S. Hancock</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_Harrow" title="William Harrow">William Harrow</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alexander_Hays" title="Alexander Hays">Alexander Hays</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joseph_Hooker" title="Joseph Hooker">Joseph Hooker</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Oliver_O._Howard" title="Oliver O. Howard">Oliver O. Howard</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Andrew_A._Humphreys" title="Andrew A. Humphreys">Andrew A. Humphreys</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Henry_J._Hunt" title="Henry J. Hunt" class="mw-redirect">Henry J. Hunt</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Judson_Kilpatrick" title="Judson Kilpatrick" class="mw-redirect">Judson Kilpatrick</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Wlodzimierz_Krzyzanowski" title="Wlodzimierz Krzyzanowski" class="mw-redirect">Wlodzimierz Krzyzanowski</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Abraham_Lincoln" title="Abraham Lincoln">Abraham Lincoln</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Solomon_Meredith" title="Solomon Meredith">Solomon Meredith</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Wesley_Merritt" title="Wesley Merritt">Wesley Merritt</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_Newton_(engineer)" title="John Newton (engineer)">John Newton</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gabriel_Rene_Paul" title="Gabriel Rene Paul">Gabriel Rene Paul</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alfred_Pleasonton" title="Alfred Pleasonton">Alfred Pleasonton</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_F._Reynolds" title="John F. Reynolds">John F. Reynolds</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_C._Robinson" title="John C. Robinson">John C. Robinson</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Thomas_A._Rowley" title="Thomas A. Rowley" class="mw-redirect">Thomas A. Rowley</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Thomas_H._Ruger" title="Thomas H. Ruger">Thomas H. Ruger</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alexander_Schimmelfennig" title="Alexander Schimmelfennig">Alexander Schimmelfennig</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Carl_Schurz" title="Carl Schurz">Carl Schurz</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_Sedgwick" title="John Sedgwick">John Sedgwick</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Daniel_Sickles" title="Daniel Sickles">Daniel Sickles</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Henry_W._Slocum" title="Henry W. Slocum" class="mw-redirect">Henry W. Slocum</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_J._Stannard" title="George J. Stannard">George J. Stannard</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Adolph_von_Steinwehr" title="Adolph von Steinwehr">Adolph von Steinwehr</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_Sykes" title="George Sykes">George Sykes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_S._Tilton" title="William S. Tilton">William S. Tilton</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Robert_O._Tyler" title="Robert O. Tyler">Robert O. Tyler</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Strong_Vincent" title="Strong Vincent">Strong Vincent</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/James_S._Wadsworth" title="James S. Wadsworth">James S. Wadsworth</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/J._H._Hobart_Ward" title="J. H. Hobart Ward">J. H. Hobart Ward</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gouverneur_K._Warren" title="Gouverneur K. Warren">Gouverneur K. Warren</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Stephen_Weed" title="Stephen Weed" class="mw-redirect">Stephen Weed</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alexander_S._Webb" title="Alexander S. Webb">Alexander S. Webb</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alpheus_S._Williams" title="Alpheus S. Williams">Alpheus S. Williams</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Samuel_K._Zook" title="Samuel K. Zook">Samuel K. Zook</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";background-color: #DCDCDC;;">Other notable<br /> military characters</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Russell_A._Alger" title="Russell A. Alger">Russell A. Alger</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Isaac_E._Avery" title="Isaac E. Avery">Isaac E. Avery</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Laurence_S._Baker" title="Laurence S. Baker">Laurence S. Baker</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alfred_Horatio_Belo" title="Alfred Horatio Belo">Alfred H. Belo</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Hiram_Berdan" title="Hiram Berdan">Hiram Berdan</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alexander_Biddle" title="Alexander Biddle">Alexander Biddle</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_R._Brooke" title="John R. Brooke">John R. Brooke</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Goode_Bryan" title="Goode Bryan">Goode Bryan</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Henry_K._Burgwyn" title="Henry K. Burgwyn">Henry K. Burgwyn</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_C._Burling" title="George C. Burling">George C. Burling</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Samuel_S._Carroll" title="Samuel S. Carroll">Samuel S. Carroll</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Thomas_H._Carter_(Colonel)" title="Thomas H. Carter (Colonel)">Thomas H. Carter</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Thomas_Chamberlain" title="Thomas Chamberlain">Thomas Chamberlain</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_Colvill_(colonel)" title="William Colvill (colonel)" class="mw-redirect">William Colvill</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> Father <a href="/William_Corby" title="William Corby">William Corby</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Charles_Coster" title="Charles Coster">Charles Coster</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/James_Dearing" title="James Dearing">James Dearing</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Thomas_Devin" title="Thomas Devin">Thomas Devin</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Augustus_van_Horne_Ellis" title="Augustus van Horne Ellis">Augustus van Horne Ellis</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Richard_Enderlin" title="Richard Enderlin">Richard Enderlin</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Arthur_Fremantle" title="Arthur Fremantle">Arthur Fremantle</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Birkett_D._Fry" title="Birkett D. Fry">Birkett D. Fry</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_Gamble_(military)" title="William Gamble (military)" class="mw-redirect">William Gamble</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Archibald_C._Godwin" title="Archibald C. Godwin">Archibald C. Godwin</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_Irvin_Gregg" title="John Irvin Gregg">John Irvin Gregg</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Bryan_Grimes" title="Bryan Grimes">Bryan Grimes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Norman_J._Hall" title="Norman J. Hall">Norman J. Hall</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Henry_Thomas_Harrison" title="Henry Thomas Harrison">Henry Thomas Harrison</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Frank_A._Haskell" title="Frank A. Haskell">Frank A. Haskell</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Horatio_Stockton_Howell" title="Horatio Stockton Howell">Horatio Stockton Howell</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Amos_Humiston" title="Amos Humiston">Amos Humiston</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Harrison_Jeffords" title="Harrison Jeffords">Harrison Jeffords</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Marcellus_Jones" title="Marcellus Jones">Marcellus Jones</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Patrick_Kelly_(colonel)" title="Patrick Kelly (colonel)" class="mw-redirect">Patrick Kelly</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Myles_Keogh" title="Myles Keogh">Myles Keogh</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/David_Lang_(colonel)" title="David Lang (colonel)">David Lang</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joseph_W._Latimer" title="Joseph W. Latimer">Joseph W. Latimer</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_G._Lewis" title="William G. Lewis">William G. Lewis</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_McCandless" title="William McCandless">William McCandless</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Archibald_L._McDougall" title="Archibald L. McDougall">Archibald L. McDougall</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_F._McFarland" title="George F. McFarland">George F. McFarland</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_Baillie_McIntosh" title="John Baillie McIntosh">John Baillie McIntosh</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Robert_M._Mayo" title="Robert M. Mayo" class="mw-redirect">Robert M. Mayo</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Edward_D._Muhlenberg" title="Edward D. Muhlenberg">Edward D. Muhlenberg</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Patrick_O%27Rorke" title="Patrick O'Rorke">Patrick O'Rorke</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ario_Pardee,_Jr." title="Ario Pardee, Jr.">Ario Pardee, Jr.</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_Ransom_Johnson_Pegram" title="William Ransom Johnson Pegram">William R. J. Pegram</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Abner_Perrin" title="Abner Perrin" class="mw-redirect">Abner Perrin</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/William_T._Poague" title="William T. Poague">William T. Poague</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Edward_S._Salomon" title="Edward S. Salomon">Edward S. Salomon</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Orland_Smith" title="Orland Smith">Orland Smith</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Moxley_Sorrel" title="Moxley Sorrel">Moxley Sorrel</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ellis_Spear" title="Ellis Spear">Ellis Spear</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Roy_Stone" title="Roy Stone">Roy Stone</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Walter_H._Taylor" title="Walter H. Taylor">Walter H. Taylor</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Traveller_(horse)" title="Traveller (horse)">Traveller (horse)</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/R%C3%A9gis_de_Trobriand" title="Régis de Trobriand">Régis de Trobriand</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Charles_S._Wainwright" title="Charles S. Wainwright">Charles S. Wainwright</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/George_Hull_Ward" title="George Hull Ward">George Hull Ward</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";background-color: #DCDCDC;;">Local civilians</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/John_L._Burns" title="John L. Burns">John L. Burns</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Abraham_Bryan" title="Abraham Bryan">Abraham Bryan</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/David_McConaughy" title="David McConaughy">David McConaughy</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Moses_McClean" title="Moses McClean">Moses McClean</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Edward_McPherson" title="Edward McPherson">Edward McPherson</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ginnie_Wade" title="Ginnie Wade">Ginnie Wade</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/David_Wills_(Gettysburg)" title="David Wills (Gettysburg)">David Wills</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <table id="wikipedia_persondata" class="persondata" style="border:1px solid #aaa; display:none; speak:none;"> <tr> <th colspan="2">Persondata</th> </tr> <tr> <td class="persondata-label" style="color:#aaa;">NAME</td> <td>Longstreet, James</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="persondata-label" style="color:#aaa;">ALTERNATIVE NAMES</td> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="persondata-label" style="color:#aaa;">SHORT DESCRIPTION</td> <td><a href="/Confederate_States_of_America" title="Confederate States of America">Confederate</a> <a href="/Confederate_Army" title="Confederate Army" class="mw-redirect">Army</a> <a href="/General_officer" title="General officer">general</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="persondata-label" style="color:#aaa;">DATE OF BIRTH</td> <td>January 8, 1821</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="persondata-label" style="color:#aaa;">PLACE OF BIRTH</td> <td><a href="/Edgefield_County,_South_Carolina" title="Edgefield County, South Carolina">Edgefield District</a>, <a href="/South_Carolina" title="South Carolina">South Carolina</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="persondata-label" style="color:#aaa;">DATE OF DEATH</td> <td>January 2, 1904</td> </tr> <tr> <td class="persondata-label" style="color:#aaa;">PLACE OF DEATH</td> <td><a href="/Gainesville,_Georgia" title="Gainesville, Georgia">Gainesville, Georgia</a></td> </tr> </table> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'> <div id="wikipedia_mw_normal_catlinks">Categories: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:1821_births" title="Category:1821 births">1821 births</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:1904_deaths" title="Category:1904 deaths">1904 deaths</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:American_military_personnel_of_the_Mexican%E2%80%93American_War" title="Category:American military personnel of the Mexican–American War"> American military personnel of the Mexican–American War</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:American_Roman_Catholics" title="Category:American Roman Catholics">American Roman Catholics</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Ambassadors_of_the_United_States" title="Category:Ambassadors of the United States">Ambassadors of the United States</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Confederate_States_Army_generals" title="Category:Confederate States Army generals">Confederate States Army generals</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Converts_to_Roman_Catholicism_from_Evangelicalism" title="Category:Converts to Roman Catholicism from Evangelicalism">Converts to Roman Catholicism from Evangelicalism</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Dutch_Americans" title="Category:Dutch Americans">Dutch Americans</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Members_of_the_Aztec_Club_of_1847" title="Category:Members of the Aztec Club of 1847">Members of the Aztec Club of 1847</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:People_from_Edgefield_County,_South_Carolina" title="Category:People from Edgefield County, South Carolina">People from Edgefield County, South Carolina</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:People_from_Gainesville,_Georgia" title="Category:People from Gainesville, Georgia">People from Gainesville, Georgia</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:People_from_New_Orleans,_Louisiana" title="Category:People from New Orleans, Louisiana">People from New Orleans, Louisiana</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:People_of_Georgia_(U.S._state)_in_the_American_Civil_War" title="Category:People of Georgia (U.S. state) in the American Civil War"> People of Georgia (U.S. state) in the American Civil War</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:United_States_Army_officers" title="Category:United States Army officers">United States Army officers</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:United_States_Military_Academy_alumni" title="Category:United States Military Academy alumni">United States Military Academy alumni</a></span></div> </div> </div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="1911encyclopedia"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="1911encyclopedia">1911 encyclopedia</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of January 14, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="mediawiki_sites_fragments"> <div id="1911encyclopedia_contentSub">(Redirected to <a title="Database_error" href="/Database_error">Database error</a> article)</div> <div id="1911encyclopedia_bodyContent"> <h3 id="1911encyclopedia_siteSub">From LoveToKnow 1911</h3> <p>(There is currently no text in this page)</p> <div style='text-align:left'> <script language='javascript' type='text/javascript'> ServeSecondCustomGoogleAd(); </script> </div> </div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> </div> <div id="core_panel_main" > <div class="section" id="citable_sentences"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="citable_sentences">Citable sentences</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of December 24, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="citable_fragments"> <div id="citableSentencesList"> <p> Here are sentences from other pages on James Longstreet, which are similar to those in the above article. <div id="citable__sentence_list"> </div> </p> </div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div id="external_links_revision_history_tooltip"> </div> <script> $(document).ready(function() { $("#external_links_revision_history_fragments a[title]").tooltip({tip: '#external_links_revision_history_tooltip', effect: 'toggle', position: 'bottom right', offset: [-1,2], lazy: true, delay: 100}); $("#external_links_revision_history_fragments img[title]").tooltip({tip: '#external_links_revision_history_tooltip', position: 'bottom right', offset: [-1,0], lazy: true, effect: 'toggle'}); }); </script> <div class="section" id="related_links"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_links">Related links</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of November 16, 2009</span> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>100%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.longstreet.org" title="The <B>Longstreet</B> Society is dedicated to the celebration and study of the life of Lieutenant General <B>James</B> <B>Longstreet</B>, CSA.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.longstreet.org>http://www.longstreet.org</A>">The Longstreet Society</a> - Welcome to the Longstreet Society</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>100%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.wtj.com/archives/longstreet" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>This on-line edition of Lieutenant-General <B>James</B> <B>Longstreet</B>'s memoirs is based directly on the 1912 second edition published by Lippincott, Philadelphia.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>General <B>Longstreet</B>, who began the American Civil War in New Mexico, served with great distinction throughout the course of the conflict.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>After the war, a clique of former Confederate officers began blaming General <B>Longstreet</B> for the army's defeat at Gettysburg.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.wtj.com/archives/longstreet>http://www.wtj.com/archives/longstreet</A>">''From Manassas to Appomattox''</a> - From Manassas to Appomattox</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>98%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals" title=", Savas Publishing, 1998, ISBN 1-882810-30-9.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals>http://www.rocemabra.com/~roger/tagg/generals</A>">''The Generals of Gettysburg''</a> - The Generals of Gettysburg</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>96%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.elohi.com/photo/longstreet" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Professor William Piston (left)wrote the book "Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant: <B>James</B> <B>Longstreet</B> and His Place in Southern History", which inspired Robert Thomas (right) to begin the effort to right the wrong thrust upon <B>Longstreet</B>, and build this memorial to him at Gettysburg.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>John Latschar (left), Superintendent of the Gettysburg National Military Park, discussed the importance of the <B>Longstreet</B> Memorial to the Park.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>I have also put together a photographic study of the <B>Longstreet</B> Memorial, which you can view by clicking here.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.elohi.com/photo/longstreet>http://www.elohi.com/photo/longstreet</A>">Dedication of the James Longstreet Memorial at Gettysburg</a> - Lt. General James Longstreet Memorial - Images by Jay J. Pulli</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>96%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-881" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Helen Dortch <B>Longstreet</B>, the second wife of General <B>James</B> <B>Longstreet</B>, is remembered for her unflagging work as a Confederate memorialist, Progressive reformer, and local librarian and postmistress.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>While at Brenau she met General <B>James</B> <B>Longstreet</B>, the controversial Confederate officer and father of her roommate.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Helen Dortch <B>Longstreet</B> In 1904 Helen <B>Longstreet</B> privately published Lee and <B>Longstreet</B> at High Tide, in which she argued that because of the scurrilous comments made by petty men, "the South was seditiously taught to believe that the Federal Victory was wholly the fortuitous outcome of the culpable disobedience of General <B>Longstreet</B>." She noted that her husband's detractors began their campaign to vilify <B>Longstreet</B> after the death of Robert E.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-881>http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-881</A>">''New Georgia Encyclopedia'' biography of Helen Dortch Longstreet</a> - New Georgia Encyclopedia: Helen Dortch Longstreet (1863-1962)</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>90%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.footnote.com/viewer.php?image=4346763" title="<A HREF=http://www.footnote.com/viewer.php?image=4346763>http://www.footnote.com/viewer.php?image=4346763</A>">Original Document: James Longstreet's Signature on The Confederate Surrender at Appomattox, Virginia April 10, 1865</a> - Page 2 - Footnote.com</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>83%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.longstreetchronicles.org" title="<A HREF=http://www.longstreetchronicles.org>http://www.longstreetchronicles.org</A>">The Longstreet Chronicles</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>80%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/meta/html/dlg/vang/meta_dlg_vang_hal281.html?Welcome" title="<B>James</B> <B>Longstreet</B> pose for a photograph at the dedication of the <B>Longstreet</B> Bridge.<br><br><A HREF=http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/meta/html/dlg/vang/meta_dlg_vang_hal281.html?Welcome>http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/meta/html/dlg/vang/meta_dlg_vang_hal281.html?Welcome</A>">''Digital Library of Georgia''</a> - Digital Library of Georgia</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>78%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.tennessee-scv.org/longstreet" title="<A HREF=http://www.tennessee-scv.org/longstreet>http://www.tennessee-scv.org/longstreet</A>">The Longstreet Chronicles</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>64%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/home.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Lee's battle plan for the next day is too bold for many of his generals, especially for <B>Longstreet</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Campaign in the Wilderness, thru mid-June 1864: Lee, having detached a sizable part of his forces to other fronts, and receiving increasingly poor intelligence, is forced to defend Richmond after Grant crosses the <B>James</B> River.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/home.html>http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/People/Robert_E_Lee/FREREL/home.html</A>">''R. E. Lee, A Biography''</a> - Robert E. Lee (The Biography by Douglas Freeman, 1934)</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>62%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Longstreet+Rd,+Fort+Bragg,+NC+28310,+USA&sa=X&oi=map&ct=title" title="<A HREF=http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Longstreet+Rd,+Fort+Bragg,+NC+28310,+USA&sa=X&oi=map&ct=title>http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Longstreet+Rd,+Fort+Bragg,+NC+28310,+USA&sa=X&oi=map&ct=title</A>">Google map</a> - Longstreet Rd, Fort Bragg, NC 28310, USA - Google Maps</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.dcmemorials.com/index_indiv0007014.htm" title="<A HREF=http://www.dcmemorials.com/index_indiv0007014.htm>http://www.dcmemorials.com/index_indiv0007014.htm</A>">Longstreet Memorial at Gettysburg</a> - LONGSTREET, Gen James Memorial at Gettysburg Nat'l Military Park in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania by Jerry Casteel</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="related_topics"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_topics">Related topics</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of August 19, 2010</span> <ul> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Robert_E._Lee">Robert E. 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