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James R. Clapper: Wikis


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James R. Clapper
Born -
Lieutenant General James R. Clapper
James R. Clapper
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Air Force
Years of service 1963-1995
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Director, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
Director, Defense Intelligence Agency
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards Legion of Merit (3)
Silver Star (2)
Air Medal (2)
Other work Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence
James R. Clapper, Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence

James R. Clapper, Jr. is a retired Lieutenant General in the United States Air Force and serves as Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence - USD(I). He is also dual-hatted as the first Director of Defense Intelligence within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.[1] Clapper has held several key positions within the United States Intelligence Community. He served as the director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) from September 2001 until June 2006. Previously, he served as director of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) from 1992 until 1995.


Military career

After a brief enlistment in the United States Marine Corps Reserve, General Clapper transferred to the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps program. He was commissioned in 1963 as a distinguished military graduate from the University of Maryland. He commanded a signals intelligence detachment in Thailand (where he flew 73 combat support missions in EC-47s), a signals intelligence SIGINT wing at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, and the Air Force Technical Applications Center, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida. Clapper served as director of intelligence for three of the unified commands: U.S. Forces Korea, U.S. Pacific Command and Strategic Air Command. Also, he served as senior intelligence officer for the Air Force.

Appointment as USD(I)

After his departure from NGA in June 2006, Clapper briefly served as the chief operating officer for Detica DFI, now a US-based subsidiary of BAE Systems. For the 2006-2007 academic year, Clapper held the position of Georgetown University’s Intelligence and National Security Alliance Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Intelligence. While teaching at Georgetown, President George W. Bush officially nominated Clapper to be Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence on 29 January 2007. Clapper was confirmed by the United States Senate on 11 April 2007 and was sworn into office on 13 April 2007. He is only the second person to hold this position, which oversees and provides policy, program, and budgetary guidance to the defense intelligence agencies - DIA, NGA, the National Security Agency (NSA), and the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) - and also works closely with the Director of National Intelligence (DNI).


Clapper also holds an honorary doctorate in strategic intelligence from the Joint Military Intelligence College, where he taught as an adjunct professor.

Major Awards and Decorations


General References

Official DoD biography as USD(I)

Official U.S. Air Force biography

Government offices
Preceded by
Dennis M. Nagy
Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency
Succeeded by
Kenneth Minihan
Preceded by
James C. King
Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
Succeeded by
Robert B. Murrett
Preceded by
Stephen A. Cambone
Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence
Succeeded by


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