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James Simpson

James Simpson
Personal information
Nationality British
Birth date 1799
Date of death 1869
Engineering Discipline civil engineer
Institution memberships Institution of Civil Engineers (president) Fellow of the Royal Society

James Simpson (1799-1869) was a British civil engineer. He was president of the Institution of Civil Engineers from January 1853 to January 1855.[1]

James Simpson was the fourth son of Thomas Simpson, engineer of the Chelsea Waterworks. James succeeded his father in both this post and that of engineer of the Lambeth Waterworks Company. It was under Simpson's instruction that the Chelsea Waterworks became the first in the country to install a slow sand filtration system to purify the water they were drawing from the River Thames [2]. This filter consisted of successive beds of loose brick, gravel and sand to remove solids from the water. [3]

He also designed waterworks at Windsor Castle and Bristol as well as The Wooden Pier at Southend on Sea.[4]


  1. ^ Watson, Garth (1988), The Civils, London: Thomas Telford Ltd, p. 251, ISBN 0-727-70392-7  
  2. ^ Brief History of the Chelsea Waterworks accessed on December 1, 2007
  3. ^ Hendricks, David (2005). Water Treatment Unit Processes: Physical and Chemical. CRC Press, p665. ISBN 0824706951.
  4. ^ The Great Sheffield Flood
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
James Meadows Rendel
President of the Institution of Civil Engineers
December 1853 – December 1855
Succeeded by
Robert Stephenson


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