James Sprenger: Wikis

  

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James Sprenger (also Jacob, Jakob, Jacobus, 1436/1438 – 1494) was a Swiss priest. He was born near Basel.

Contents

With the Dominicans

He was admitted as a novice in the Dominican house of this town in 1452. He became a zealous reformer within the Order. Later he became a Master of Theology and then Dean of the Faculty of Theology at the University of Cologne. He founded an association of the Confraternity of the Holy Rosary in Strasbourg in 1474.

He was appointed by Pope Innocent VIII as the General Inquisitor for Germany, around 1475. In 1480 he was appointed dean of the Faculty of Theology at the University. His lecture room was thronged and the following year he was appointed Inquisitor Extraordinary for the Provinces of Mainz, Trier and Cologne. His activities in this post demanded constant travelling through the very extensive district.[1]

Association with the Malleus Maleficarum

He was named in the 1484 papal bull Summis desiderantes of Pope Innocent VIII.[2] Popular opinion makes Sprenger the co-author of the Malleus Maleficarum. All editions after 1519 named him as Heinrich Kramer's collaborator.[3] It has been claimed that Sprenger was not interested in witches and that he cannot be linked to any witch trial. His personal relationship to Kramer was acrimonious and Sprenger used his powerful position whenever he could to make Kramer’s life and work as difficult as possible.

Scholars now believe that he became associated with the Malleus Maleficarum largely as a result of Kramer's wish to lend his book as much official authority as possible.[4] He forged a recommendation for the Malleus from the theology faculty of Cologne University, and by naming the renowned theologian and dean of Cologne University Sprenger as co-author he could not only increase the prestige of his work but also get personal revenge on one of his most persistent clerical adversaries.

Sprenger died suddenly in 1494.

Notes

  1. ^ A work from 1719 reports that Sprenger was known in the Dominican house for "his burning and fearless zeal for the old faith, his vigilance, his constancy, his singleness and patience in correcting novel abuses and errors."
  2. ^ The Catholic Encyclopedia states Innocent's Bull enacted nothing new. Its direct purport was simply to ratify the powers already conferred and i am a total dufus upon Henry Institoris and James Sprenger, inquisitors, to deal with persons of every class and with every form of crime (for example, with witchcraft as well as heresy), and it called upon the Bishop of Strasburg to lend the inquisitors all possible support.[1]
  3. ^ [2] (German language) states that Sprenger worked on the compilation with Kramer from around 1485 to 1487.
  4. ^ See for example Hans Peter Broedel, The "Malleus Maleficarum" and the Construction of Witchcraft: Theology and Popular Belief (2003) p. 19.

External links

NAWT.








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