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Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind
Formation 1919
Legal status Religious Organization
Purpose/focus Initially to carry on non-violent freedom struggle, currently development of Indian Muslim community
Headquarters 1, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi
Region served India
President Qari Sayed Mohammad Usman
General Secretary Hakeemuddin Qasmi
Website http://www.jamiatulama.org
Remarks A split was affected within the Jamiat in April 2008. A faction within the Jamiat led by Arshad Madani has formed another body which it claims is the real Jamiat. The matter is currently in court.

Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind or (Urdu: جمعیت علماء ہند, Hindi: जमीयत उलेमा-ए-हिन्द, translation: Organization of Indian Scholars) is one of the leading Islamic organizations in India. It was founded in 1919 by Abdul Mohasim Sajjad, Qazi Hussain Ahmed, Ahmed Saeed Dehlvi and Abdul Bari Firangi Mehli. Maulana Mehmud Hasan, a leading Islamic scholar of that time, was the guiding force behind the initiative.

The Jamiat's involvement in the Khilafat Movement brought them close to Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress, a link that is existent to this day. Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind opposed the creation of a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. Some members left the party on this issue and created Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam that supported the concept of Pakistan.

The Jamiat has an organizational network which is spread all over India. They also have an Urdu daily Al-Jamiyat. Its General Secretary Mahmood A. Madani is also a member of the Indian Parliament. The Jamiat also has a scattered political presence in pockets of India with ties with a number of regional parties such as the Rashtriya Lok Dal.[1]

The Jamiat has propounded a theological basis for its nationalistic philosophy. Their thesis is that Muslims and non-Muslims have entered upon a mutual contract in India since independence, to establish a secular state. The Constitution of India represents this contract. This is known in Urdu as a mu'ahadah. Accordingly as the Muslim community's elected representatives supported and swore allegiance to this mu'ahadah so it is the duty of Indian Muslims is to keep loyalty to the Constitution. This mu'ahadah is similar to a previous similar contract signed between the Muslims and the Jews in Medina.[2]

Contents

Fatwas

The Jamiat, in a public gathering at their influential Darul Uloom seminary at Deoband, in which Indian Home Minister P Chidambaram was present issued a fatwa against singing India's National song "Vande Mataram", claiming it to be unislamic. Interestingly, the Home minister in his speech at the gathering did not react to the fatwa[3].

In 2008, the Jamiat, together with the Darul Uloom Deoband declared a fatwa denouncing terrorism.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Jamiatul Ulema leader elected to legislative council angering Congressmen. Retrieved on July 2, 2008.
  2. ^ Islam in Modern History. By Wilfred Cantwell Smith, Pg 285.
  3. ^ [1] "Jamiat upholds fatwa against Vande Mataram"
  4. ^ Jamiat fatwa against terrorism. The Hindu. Retrieved on July 4, 2008.

External links

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