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Jammain
Jammain is located in the Palestinian territories
Jammain
Arabic جمّاعين
Name meaning "Collection"
Governorate Nablus
Government Municipality
Also spelled Jamma'in (officially)

Jamma'een (unofficially)

Coordinates 32°07′51.38″N 35°12′03.20″E / 32.1309389°N 35.200889°E / 32.1309389; 35.200889Coordinates: 32°07′51.38″N 35°12′03.20″E / 32.1309389°N 35.200889°E / 32.1309389; 35.200889
Population 6,225 (2007)
Jurisdiction

19,821  dunams (19.8 km²)

Head of Municipality 'Izzat Zeitawi

Jamma'in (Arabic: جمّاعين‎) is a Palestinian town in the northern West Bank located 16 kilometers (10 mi) southwest of Nablus, 6 kilometers (4 mi) northwest of Salfit and 40 kilometers (25 mi) north of Ramallah. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 6,227 in 2007.[1]

Contents

History

The town has been inhabited since the mid-Islamic era of rule in Palestine and Saladin camped with his army in Jamma’in. The original inhabitants of the town were Bani Qadama or Salahea tribe from Damascus, but they returned to Damascus during early Ottoman rule in the 16th century. During their stay in the town, they constructed its first mosque.[2]

In the 17th century, the Qasim family ruled Jamma'in and twenty nearby villages, including Awarta, Beit Wazan, Haris and Zeita Jamma'in. Jamma'in was the seat of the Jamma'in subdistrict of the District of Nablus. In 1834, when the Egyptians under Muhammad Ali conquered Palestine from the Ottomans, Ottoman-aligned Arab families in Samaria revolted under the leadership of Ahmad al-Qasim. The revolt, however, was crushed, and Ahmad al-Qasim and his two eldest sons were hanged.[3] Along with the Qasim tribe, the Zeitawi tribe also settled in the town from Zeita Jamma'in in the 17th century.[2]

Unlike many other Palestinian localities in the West Bank, Jamma'in's residents have not been too involved in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, nor have they been a target of raids by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Since the First Intifada in 1987, six people from the town have been killed by the IDF.[2]

Economy

The two most prominent economic sectors of Jamma'in is stone-cutting and agriculture. Since the Second Intifada, the stone-cutting industry has grown weaker due to the cost of electricity increasing and the cost of stone, to Israel and Jordan, has decreased. Some people work in Palestinian government offices in Ramallah.[2] Basket-weaving is not a major economic sector, but along with Zeita and az-Zawiya, Jamma'in is well-known for producing baskets made from olive wood fronds.[4]

Olives are the primary crop grown. There are two or three sheep and cow farms in Jamma'in. Milk, yogurt and cheese are sold in the town. There are two mosques, a religious charity and a library in the town.[2]

There are five schools in Jamma'in; Two boys' schools, two girls' schools and co-ed school. Over 90% of the population over the age of 10 is literate. Most university students attend the an-Najah National University.[2]

Government

Jamma'in is mostly located in Area B, putting it under Israeli military control, but Palestinian administrative and civil control. It is governed by a municipal council of eleven members, including one reserved for females.[2] In the 2005 Palestinian municipal elections, the Hamas-backed Al-Islamiya for Reform list won seven seats, the majority, and the Fatah-backed Martyrs list won three seats and an Independent list won the remaining seat. Female candidates won two seats.[5] 'Izzat Mahmoud Zeitawi succeeded Ahmad Mahmoud Zeitawi as head of the municipality of Jamma'in.[2]

References

  1. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.110.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Jamma'in Village Profile International Women's Peace Service.
  3. ^ Beshara, Doumani. (1995). Rediscovering Palestine: Egyptian rule, 1831-1840 University of California Press.
  4. ^ PACE’s Exhibit of Traditional Palestinian Handicrafts Palestinian Association for Cultural Exchange.
  5. ^ Local Elections (Round two)- Successful candidates by local authority, gender and No. of votes obtained Central Elections Commission - Palestine, p.11.

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