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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jammu
View of Jammu and the Tawi River
Jammu
Location of Jammu
in Jammu and Kashmir and India
Coordinates 32°44′N 74°52′E / 32.73°N 74.87°E / 32.73; 74.87
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
District(s) Jammu
Mayor Kavinder Bhushan Gupta
Population 378,431 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

327 m (1,073 ft)

Jammu About this sound pronunciation (Dogri: जम्मू, Urdu: جموں) is the largest city in the Jammu region and the winter capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is a municipal corporation.[1]

Contents

Geography

Jammu is located at 32°44′N 74°52′E / 32.73°N 74.87°E / 32.73; 74.87.[2] It has an average elevation of 327 m (1,073 ft). Jammu city is located between 74 degree 24' and 75 degree 18', East longitude and 32 degree 50' and 33 degree 30' North latitude. It is approximately 600 km away from the national capital, New Delhi and is linked with a National Highway, railway and airport. The airport is situated at Satwari.

History

Jammu has historically been the capital of Jammu Province and the winter capital of the erstwhile Kashmir State. There was a railway line that connected Jammu with Sialkot in Punjab a distance of 27 miles.[3] In 2000 to the consternation of many the railway station was demolished to make way for an art centre.[4]

Climate

Jammu
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
50
 
19
7
 
 
46
 
22
10
 
 
53
 
27
14
 
 
26
 
33
19
 
 
16
 
38
24
 
 
52
 
41
27
 
 
283
 
36
25
 
 
345
 
34
24
 
 
124
 
34
23
 
 
38
 
32
18
 
 
12
 
27
13
 
 
42
 
21
9
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: IMD

Jammu, like the rest of north-western India has a continental climate, with summer highs reaching 41 °C (106 °F), and temperatures in the winter months regularly falling below freezing. June is the hottest month with average highs of 41 °C (106 °F), while January is the coldest month with average lows reaching 7 °C (45 °F). Average yearly precipitation is about 42 inches (1,100 mm) with the bulk of the rainfall in the months from June to October, although the winters can also be rather wet.

Transport

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Railways

Jammu city has a station called Jammu tawi which is very well connected with the major cities of India such as New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Ahemedabad, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Patna, Lucknow, Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Dehradun, Chandigarh, Amritsar and Guwahati by rail. It is an origination point for many Popular Express trains such as the Indore Junction BG (Indore) bound Malwa Express, Chennai bound Andaman Express, Madurai bound Himsagar Express, Ahemedabad bound Swaraj Express and so on. The Important trains originating through the station includes :

Roadways

National Highway 1A which passes through Jammu connects it to the Kashmir valley.

Airways

Jammu Airport is located about 8  km from Jammu. It has direct flights to Srinagar, Delhi, Chandigarh, Leh and Mumbai.

Local Transport

The Kashmir Railway is being constructed to connect Jammu and the national rail network to the north of the state.

Administration

Jammu city serves as the winter capital of Jammu & Kashmir state from November to April when all the offices move from Srinagar to Jammu. Srinagar serves as the summer capital from May to October.[5] Jammu was a municipal committee during 2001 census of India. With effect from 5 September 2003, it has upgraded status of a municipal corporation.[6]

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[7] Jammu had a population of 378,431. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Jammu has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 64.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 74%. In Jammu, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References



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