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Jan Bytnar
"Rudy"
May 6, 1921(1921-05-06) – March 30, 1943 (aged 21)
Jan Bytnar.jpg
Place of birth Kolbuszowa, Poland
Place of death Warsaw, Poland
Allegiance Poland
Service/branch Armia Krajowa (Home Army)
Rank Second Lieutenant
Commands held battles = World War II
Awards Krzyz Walecznych Ribbon.png
Krzyż Walecznych (Cross of the Valorous)
Other work Boy Scout leader

Jan Bytnar codename: Rudy, Czarny, Janek, Krokodyl, Jan Rudy (b. May 6, 1921 in Kolbuszowa - March 30, 1943 in Warsaw, Poland) was a Polish Scoutmaster (harcmistrz), Polish Scouting resistance activist and Second Lieutenant of the Armia Krajowa during the Second World War. He is one of the main characters of Aleksander Kamiński's book Kamienie na Szaniec.

Arrest, death, and reprisal

He was arrested by the Nazis on March 23, 1943 and rescued by the Grupy Szturmowe of the Szare Szeregi three days later during the so-called Arsenal action on March 26. He died on March 30 of injuries sustained during interrogations by the Gestapo.

The extremely brutal interrogation of Jan Bytnar was conducted by SS Rottenführer Ewald Lange and SS Obersturmführer Herbert Schultz. Both of them were assassinated by Grupy Szturmowe of Szare Szeregi. SS Obersturmfuehrer Herbert Schultz was shot on May 6, 1943 by Sławomir Maciej Bittner “Maciek” and Eugeniusz Kecher “Kolczan”. SS Rottenführer Ewald Lange was shot on May 22, 1943 by Jerzy Zapadko “Dzik”.

References

  • (Polish) Paweł Dubiel, Józef Kozak, Polacy w II wojnie światowej: kim byli, co robili, Oficyna Wydawnicza RYTM, Warszawa, 2003, ISBN 83-7399-054-2
  • (Polish) Stanisław Kopf, Stefan Starba-Bałuk, Armia Krajowa. Kronika fotograficzna, Wydawnictwo Ars Print Production, Warszawa, 1999, ISBN 83-8722-416-2
  • (Polish) Aleksander Kamiński "Kamienie na szaniec"

See also








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