Jana Novotná: Wikis

  
  

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Jana Novotná
Jana Novotna.JPG
Country  Czech Republic
Residence Brno, Czech Republic
Date of birth 2 October 1968 (1968-10-02) (age 41)
Place of birth Brno, Czechoslovakia
Height 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Weight 63 kg (140 lb; 9.9 st)
Turned pro 1987
Retired 1999
Plays Right-handed, one-handed backhand
Career prize money $ 11,249,284
Int. Tennis HOF 2005 (member page)
Singles
Career record 571–225
Career titles 24 (2 ITF)
Highest ranking No. 2 (7 July 1997)
Grand Slam results
Australian Open F (1991)
French Open SF (1990, 1996)
Wimbledon W (1998)
US Open SF (1994, 1998)
Major tournaments
WTA Championships W (1997)
Doubles
Career record 697–153
Career titles 76 (6 ITF)
Highest ranking No. 1 (27 August 1990)
Australian Open W (1990, 1995)
French Open W (1990, 1991, 1998)
Wimbledon W (1989, 1990, 1995, 1998)
US Open W (1994, 1997, 1998)
Major doubles tournaments
WTA Championships W (1995, 1997)
Mixed Doubles
Career record 4-1
Career titles 4
Grand Slam mixed doubles results
Australian Open W (1988, 1989)
Wimbledon W (1989)
US Open W (1988)
Last updated on: 19 October 2009.

Jana Novotná (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjana ˈnovotnaː]) (born 2 October 1968 in Brno, Czechoslovakia) is a former professional tennis player from the Czech Republic. She played a serve and volley game, an increasingly rare style of play among women during her career.[1][2] She won the women's singles title at Wimbledon in 1998 and cried on the shoulder of the Duchess of Kent after losing the 1993 Wimbledon singles final. Novotná also won 12 Grand Slam women's doubles titles and four Grand Slam mixed doubles titles.

Contents

Career

Novotná turned professional in 1986. In the early years of her career, she was known primarily for her success as a doubles player. In the early-1990s, Novotná began to have success in singles once four-time Grand Slam singles champion Hana Mandlikova became her coach.

Novotná reached her first Grand Slam singles final in 1991 at the Australian Open, where she lost to Monica Seles 5–7, 6–3, 6–1.

Two years later, Novotná reached her first singles final at Wimbledon, where she faced Steffi Graf. After losing a tight first set, Novotná took a 6–7, 6–1, 4–1, 40-15 lead. With victory seemingly in her grasp, she lost her nerve and allowed Graf to comback into the game. Graf took the next five games and the title. During the prize presentation ceremony, a distraught Novotná burst into tears and cried on the Duchess of Kent's shoulder. The duchess comforted her by saying that she was sure Novotná would win the title one day.[citation needed]

Olympic medal record
Competitor for  Czechoslovakia
Women's Tennis
Silver 1988 Seoul Doubles
Competitor for  Czech Republic
Women's Tennis
Silver 1996 Atlanta Doubles
Bronze 1996 Atlanta Singles

It took four years for Novotná to reach another Wimbledon final. In 1997, she faced Martina Hingis. Novotná won the first set. But she then succumbed to the Swiss player's accurate passing shots and lost 2–6, 6–3, 6–3. However, Novotná won the 1997 WTA Tour Championships and finished the year ranked a career-high World No. 2 in singles.

Novotná's moment of Wimbledon glory finally arrived in 1998. After defeating a young Venus Williams in a close quarterfinal, Novotná avenged the previous year's loss by ousting Hingis in a semifinal and veteran Nathalie Tauziat in the final 6–4, 7–6.

She won 12 Grand Slam women's doubles titles (four at Wimbledon, three at the French Open, three at the US Open, and two at the Australian Open) and 4 Grand Slam mixed doubles titles (two at the Australian Open, one at Wimbledon, and one at the US Open). She was 11 times the year end top ranked doubles player.

Novotná was a member of the Czechoslovakian team that won the Fed Cup in 1988. At the Olympic Games, Novotná was a women's doubles silver medalist in 1988 and 1996 and a singles bronze medalist in 1996.

Novotná retired from the professional tour in 1999. During her 14-year career, she won 100 titles (24 in singles and 76 in doubles). She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2005.

Major finals

Grand Slam finals

Singles: 4 finals (1 title, 3 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1991 Australian Open Hard Yugoslavia Monica Seles 5–7, 6–3, 6–1
Runner-up 1993 Wimbledon Grass Germany Steffi Graf 7–6(6), 1–6, 6–4
Runner-up 1997 Wimbledon Grass Switzerland Martina Hingis 2–6, 6–3, 6–3
Winner 1998 Wimbledon Grass France Nathalie Tauziat 6–4, 7–6(2)

Doubles: 23 finals (12 titles, 11 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winner 1989 Wimbledon Grass Czechoslovakia Helena Suková Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 6–2
Winner 1990 Australian Open Hard Czechoslovakia Helena Suková United States Patty Fendick
United States Mary Joe Fernandez
7–6(5), 7–6(6)
Winner 1990 French Open Clay Czechoslovakia Helena Suková Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 7–5
Winner 1990 Wimbledon (2) Grass Czechoslovakia Helena Suková United States Kathy Jordan
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 1990 US Open Hard Czechoslovakia Helena Suková United States Gigi Fernández
United States Martina Navratilova
6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 1991 Australian Open Hard United States Gigi Fernández United States Patty Fendick
United States Mary Joe Fernandez
7–6(4), 6–1
Winner 1991 French Open (2) Clay United States Gigi Fernández Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–0
Runner-up 1991 Wimbledon Grass United States Gigi Fernández Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 3–6, 6–4
Runner-up 1991 US Open Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Pam Shriver
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 4–6, 7–6(5)
Runner-up 1992 Wimbledon Grass Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–1
Runner-up 1992 US Open Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
7–6(4), 6–1
Runner-up 1993 French Open Clay Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 7–5
Runner-up 1993 Wimbledon Grass Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–7(9), 6–4
Runner-up 1994 Wimbledon Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–1
Winner 1994 US Open Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva
United States Robin White
6–3, 6–3
Winner 1995 Australian Open (2) Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–7(3), 6–4
Runner-up 1995 French Open Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–7(6), 6–4, 7–5
Winner 1995 Wimbledon (3) Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
5–7, 7–5, 6–4
Runner-up 1996 US Open Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
1–6, 6–1, 6–4
Winner 1997 US Open (2) Hard United States Lindsay Davenport United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–4
Winner 1998 French Open (3) Clay Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 7–6(4)
Winner 1998 Wimbledon (4) Grass Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 3–6, 8–6
Winner 1998 US Open (3) Hard Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–3

Mixed Doubles: 5 finals (4 titles, 1 runner-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winner 1988 Australian Open Hard United States Jim Pugh United States Martina Navratilova
United States Tim Gullikson
5–7, 6–2, 6–4
Winner 1988 US Open Hard United States Jim Pugh Australia Elizabeth Smylie
United States Patrick McEnroe
7–5, 6–3
Winner 1989 Australian Open (2) Hard United States Jim Pugh United States Zina Garrison
United States Sherwood Stewart
6–3, 6–4
Winner 1989 Wimbledon Grass United States Jim Pugh Australia Jenny Byrne
United States Mark Kratzmann
4–6, 7–5, 6–4
Runner-up 1994 US Open Hard Australia Todd Woodbridge South Africa Elna Reinach
United States Patrick Galbraith
6–2, 6–4

Year-End Championships finals

Singles: 1 final (1 title, 0 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Location Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Winner 1997 New York City Carpet (I) France Mary Pierce 7–6(4), 6–2, 6–3

Doubles: 7 finals (2 titles, 5 runner-ups)

Outcome Year Location Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1991 New York City Carpet (I) United States Gigi Fernández United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
4–6, 7–5, 6–4
Runner-up 1992 New York City Carpet (I) Latvia Larisa Neiland Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czech Republic Helena Suková
7–6(4), 6–1
Runner-up 1993 New York City Carpet (I) Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 7–5
Runner-up 1994 New York City Carpet (I) Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–7(4), 6–3
Winner 1995 New York City Carpet (I) Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–1
Runner-up 1996 New York City Carpet (I) Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Mary Joe Fernandez
6–3, 6–2
Winner 1997 New York City (2) Carpet (I) United States Lindsay Davenport France Alexandra Fusai
France Nathalie Tauziat
6–7(5), 6–3, 6–2

Titles (100)

Singles (24)

Legend
Grand Slam (1)
WTA Championships (1)
Tier I (2)
Tier II (11)
Tier III (5)
Tier IV (2)
Tier V (2)
Titles by Surface
Hard (5)
Clay (4)
Grass (2)
Carpet (13)
No. Date Location Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
1. 4 December 1988 Adelaide, Australia Hard Czechoslovakia Jana Pospíšilová 7–5, 6–4
2. 28 May 1989 Strasbourg, France Clay Argentina Patricia Tarabini 6–1, 6–2
3. 12 August 1990 Albuquerque, USA Hard Peru Laura Gildemeister 6–4, 6–4
4. 13 January 1991 Sydney, Australia Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–4, 6–2
5. 24 February 1991 Oklahoma City, USA Hard (I) United States Anne Smith 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
6. 14 February 1993 Osaka, Japan (World Ladies) Carpet (I) Japan Kimiko Date 6–3, 6–2
7. 24 October 1993 Brighton, UK Carpet (I) Germany Anke Huber 6–2, 6–4
8. 2 October 1994 Leipzig, Germany Carpet (I) France Mary Pierce 7–5, 6–1
9. 23 October 1994 Brighton, UK Carpet (I) Czech Republic Helena Suková 6–7(4), 6–3, 6–4
10. 30 October 1994 Essen, Germany Carpet (I) Croatia Iva Majoli 6–2, 6–4
11. 26 February 1995 Linz, Austria Carpet (I) Germany Barbara Rittner 6–7(6), 6–3, 6–4
12. 26 May 1996 Madrid, Spain Clay Bulgaria Magdalena Maleeva 4–6,6–4, 6–3
13. 20 October 1996 Zürich, Switzerland Carpet (I) Switzerland Martina Hingis 6–2, 6–2
14. 3 November 1996 Chicago, USA Carpet (I) United States Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 3–6, 6–1
15. 17 November 1996 Philadelphia, USA Carpet (I) Germany Steffi Graf 6–4, retired
16. 25 May 1997 Madrid, Spain Clay United States Monica Seles 7–5, 6–1
17. 28 September 1997 Leipzig, Germany Carpet (I) South Africa Amanda Coetzer 6–2, 4–6, 6–3
18. 2 November 1997 Moscow, Russia Carpet (I) Japan Ai Sugiyama 6–3, 6–4
19. 23 November 1997 Chase Championships, New York City, USA Carpet (I) France Mary Pierce 7–6(4), 6–2, 6–3
20. 1 March 1998 Linz, Austria Hard (I) Belgium Dominique Van Roost 6–1, 7–6(2)
21. 21 June 1998 Eastbourne, UK Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–1, 7–5
22. 5 July 1998 Wimbledon, London Grass France Nathalie Tauziat 6–4, 7–6(2)
23. 12 July 1998 Prague, Czech Republic Clay France Sandrine Testud 6–3, 6–0
24. 21 February 1999 Hanover, Germany Carpet (I) United States Venus Williams 6–4, 6–4

Doubles (76)

Grand slam events in boldface.

  • 1987: Strasbourg (with Catherine Suire)
  • 1987: San Diego (with Catherine Suire)
  • 1987: Hamburg (with Claudia Kohde-Kilsch)
  • 1988: Oklahoma City (with Catherine Suire)
  • 1988: Rome (with Catherine Suire)
  • 1988: Hamburg (with Tine Scheuer-Larsen)
  • 1988: Montreal (with Helena Suková)
  • 1988: Mahwah (with Helena Suková)
  • 1989: Brisbane (with Helena Suková)
  • 1989: Boca Raton (with Helena Suková)
  • 1989: Key Biscayne (with Helena Suková)
  • 1989: Barcelona (with Tine Scheuer-Larsen)
  • 1989: Wimbledon (with Helena Suková)
  • 1989: Zurich (with Helena Suková)
  • 1990: Brisbane (with Helena Suková)
  • 1990: Sydney (with Helena Suková)
  • 1990: Australian Open (with Helena Suková)
  • 1990: Indian Wells (with Helena Suková)
  • 1990: Boca Raton (with Helena Suková)
  • 1990: Key Biscayne (with Helena Suková)
  • 1990: French Open (with Helena Suková)
  • 1990: Wimbledon (with Helena Suková)
  • 1990: Manhattan Beach (with Gigi Fernández)
  • 1991: Brisbane (with Gigi Fernández)
  • 1991: Chicago (with Gigi Fernández)
  • 1991: Hamburg (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1991: French Open (with Gigi Fernández)
  • 1991: Washington (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1991: Zurich (with Andrea Strnadová)
  • 1991: Filderstadt (with Martina Navratilova)
  • 1991: Philadelphia (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1992: Brisbane (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1992: Wesley Chapel (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1992: Berlin (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1992: Eastbourne (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1992: San Diego (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1992: Leipzig (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1992: Brighton (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1993: Osaka (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1993: Paris (with Andrea Strnadová)
  • 1993: Key Biscayne (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1993: Rome (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1993: Toronto (with Larisa Savchenko Neiland)
  • 1994: Delray Beach (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1994: Wesley Chapel (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1994: Hamburg (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1994: San Diego (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1994: US Open (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1995: Sydney (with Lindsay Davenport)
  • 1995: Australian Open (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1995: Delray Beach (with Mary Joe Fernandez)
  • 1995: Key Biscayne (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1995: Eastbourne (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1995: Wimbledon (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1995: WTA Tour Championships (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1996: Paris (with Kristie Boogert)
  • 1996: Key Biscayne (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1996: Hilton Head (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1996: Madrid (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1996: Eastbourne (with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1996: Filderstadt (with Nicole Arendt)
  • 1997: Paris (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1997: Amelia Island (with Lindsay Davenport)
  • 1997: Berlin (with Lindsay Davenport)
  • 1997: US Open (with Lindsay Davenport)
  • 1997: Leipzig (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1997: Chase Championships (with Lindsay Davenport)
  • 1998: Key Biscayne (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1998: French Open (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1998: Eastbourne (with Mariaan de Swardt)
  • 1998: Wimbledon (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1998: Montreal (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1998: US Open (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1999: Key Biscayne (with Martina Hingis)
  • 1999: Hilton Head (with Elena Likhovtseva )
  • 1999: Toronto (with Mary Pierce)

Singles runner-ups (17)

Grand slam events in boldface.

  • 1988: Brisbane (lost to Pam Shriver)
  • 1989: Hamburg (lost to Steffi Graf)
  • 1989: Zurich (lost to Steffi Graf)
  • 1991: Australian Open (lost to Monica Seles)
  • 1991: Leipzig (lost to Steffi Graf)
  • 1992: Chicago (lost to Martina Navratilova)
  • 1992: Leipzig (lost to Steffi Graf)
  • 1992: Brighton (lost to Steffi Graf)
  • 1993: Wimbledon (lost to Steffi Graf)
  • 1993: Leipzig (lost to Steffi Graf)
  • 1996: Essen (lost to Iva Majoli)
  • 1997: Hanover (lost to Iva Majoli)
  • 1997: Eastbourne (lost to Arantxa Sánchez Vicario)
  • 1997: Wimbledon (lost to Martina Hingis)
  • 1998: Hanover (lost to Patty Schnyder)
  • 1998: Hamburg (lost to Martina Hingis)
  • 1998: New Haven (lost to Steffi Graf)

Grand Slam singles performance timeline

Tournament 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Career SR
Australian Open NH A 1R 3R 3R F 4R 2R QF 4R A A A 3R 0 / 9
French Open 1R 3R 1R QF SF QF 4R QF 1R 3R SF 3R QF 4R 0 / 14
Wimbledon 1R 4R 2R 4R QF 2R 3R F QF SF QF F W QF 1 / 14
US Open A 4R 1R 2R QF 4R 1R 4R SF QF QF QF SF 3R 0 / 13
SR 0 / 2 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 4 1 / 50

NH = tournament not held.

A = did not participate in the tournament.

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

References

External links








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