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2010

January About this sound (pronunciation) is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere.

Contents

History

January is named after Janus (Ianuarius), the god of the doorway; the name has its beginnings in Roman mythology, coming from the Latin word for door (ianua) - January is the door to the year. Traditionally, the original Roman calendar consisted of 10 months, totalling 304 days, winter being considered a monthless period. Around 713 BCE, the semi-mythical successor of Romulus, King Numa Pompilius, is supposed to have added the months of January and February, allowing the calendar to equal a standard lunar year (355 days). Although March was originally the first month in the old Roman Calendar, January became the first month of the calendar year either under Numa or under the Decemvirs about 450 BCE (Roman writers differ). In contrast, years in dates were identified by naming two consuls, who entered office on May 1 and March 15 before 153 BCE when they began to enter office on January 1.

Various Christian feast dates were used for the New Year in Europe during the Middle Ages, including March 25 and December 25. However, medieval calendars were still displayed in the Roman fashion of twelve columns from January to December. Beginning in the sixteenth century, European countries began officially making January 1 the start of the New Year once again — sometimes called Circumcision Style because this was the date of the Feast of the Circumcision, being the eighth day from December 25.

Historical names for January include its original Roman designation, Ianuarius, the Saxon term Wulf-monath (meaning wolf month) and Charlemagne's designation Wintarmanoth (winter / cold month).

Other names

In Finnish, the month is called tammikuu, meaning month of the oak, but the original meaning was the month of the heart of winter, as tammi has initially meant axis or core. In Czech this month is called leden, meaning ice month In Ukrainian it is січень meaning cutting or slicing perhaps referring to the wind. According to Theodor Mommsen (The History of Rome, volume 4, The Revolution, ISBN 1-4353-4597-5, page 4), the 1st of January became the first day of the year in 600 (Roman Calendar), 153 BC, due disasters on the Lusitanian War. A Lusitanian chief called Punicus, invaded the Roman territory, defeated two Roman governors and slew their troops. The Romans resolve on sending a consul to Spain and, in order to accelerate the despatch of aid, "they even made the new consuls enter on office two monts and a half before the legal time" (15th of March).

Holidays in January

January, painting by Leandro Bassano

January symbols

The camellia, Japan's floral emblem of January
Snow in January


References

  1. ^ January Birth Flower



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

This article is a travel topic.

This is a calendar of events and festivals in the month of January.

  • 1st: New Years Day (Gregorian calendar) - all night parties and celebrations including fireworks displays in cities and locations worldwide, but especially Western ones
  • Late January or early February: Chinese New Year, celebrated in China, Singapore and anywhere where there are large concentrations of Chinese

Australia

  • 26th: Australia Day in Australia - a public holiday commemorating the arrival of the convict First Fleet in 1788 and the establishment of both the city of Sydney and the colony of New South Wales. It is celebrated by community events in most suburbs and towns around Australia and in grand style in the city centres and Sydney (especially).
  • Australia's largest country music festival is held in Tamworth, northern New South Wales

Canada

  • 5th: Winter Light Fest, [1],Edmonton. This is an attempt at a world class festival of winter in Edmonton. It shall combine Ice on Whyte and a few other events, as well a bunch of new ones to create a winter fest to rival Quebec. It shall run until March.

Ethiopia

  • January 19 (20 on Leap Year): Timkat Festival Christian celebration with reenactments of Baptism and dancing in Gondar

France

  • 1st: The Paris Parade Festival, [2] in Paris

Italy

Indonesia

South Africa

  • 31 January to 3 February 2008: MPH Motoring Theatre [5] at the Cocal-Cola Dome [6] in Johannesburg with the guys from BBC's Top Gear show
  • Mid January: Dusi Canoe Marathon, [7], in KwaZulu-Natal

South Korea

  • Late January or early February: Korean Lunar New Year (Seollal), South Korea

Spain

  • Epiphany day is a Christian feast intended to celebrate the incarnation of God in Jesus Christ. National Bank holiday and the official end of the Christmas season in Spain.

Sweden

  • Late January: Kiruna Snow Festival, [8] in Kiruna

Trinidad and Tobago

United Kingdom

  • Last Tuesday in January: Lerwick Up Helly Aa, [10] in Lerwick on the Shetland Islands. A fire festival celebrating the influence of the Vikings on Scotland, culminating in the burning of a Viking galley.

United States of America

Vietnam

  • Late January or early February: Vietnamese New Year (Tết), Vietnam
Calendar of events and festivals
January | February | March | April | May | June
July | August | September | October | November | December

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

JANUARY, the first month in the modern calendar, consisting of thirty-one days. The name (Lat. Januarius) is derived from the two-faced Roman god Janus, to whom the month was dedicated. As doorkeeper of heaven, as looking both into the past and the future, and as being essentially the deity who busied himself with the beginnings of all enterprises, he was appropriately made guardian of the fortunes of the new year. The consecration of the month took place by an offering of meal, salt, frankincense and wine, each of which was new. The Anglo-Saxons called January Wulfmonath, in allusion to the fact that hunger then made the wolves bold enough to come into the villages. The principal festivals of the month are: New Year's Day; Feast of the Circumcision; Epiphany; TwelfthDay; and Conversion of St Paul (see Calendar).


<< St. Januarius

Janus >>


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

Re-Latinized from Middle English Ieneuer < Old Norman French genever < Latin iānuārius ((month) of Janus), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European base *ei-, "to go".

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA: /ˈdʒænjʊəri/, SAMPA: /"dZ{nju@ri/ or as US
  • (US) enPR: jănʹyo͞o-ĕr'ē, IPA: /ˈdʒænjuˌɛri/, SAMPA: /"dZ{nju%Eri/
  •  Audio (US)help, file

Proper noun

Singular
January

Plural
plural: Januarys or Januaries

January (plural: Januarys or Januaries)

  1. The first month of the Gregorian calendar, following the December of the previous year and preceding February. Abbreviation: Jan or Jan.
    01/01/09 : Thursday, January 1st, 2009.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Template:JanuaryCalendar2010 January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days.

January begins (astrologically) with the sun in the sign of Capricorn and ends in the sign of Aquarius. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Sagittarius and ends in the constellation of Capricornus.

January is named for Janus (Ianuarius), the god of the doorway; the name has its beginnings in Roman mythology, where the Latin word for door (ianua) comes from - January is the door to the year.

Traditionally, the original Roman calendar consisted of 10 months, totalling 304 days, winter being considered a monthless period. Around 713 BC, the semi-mythical successor of Romulus, King Numa Pompilius, is supposed to have added the months of January and February, allowing the calendar to equal a standard lunar year (355 days). The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. Although March was originally the first month in the old Roman Calendar, January assumed that position beginning in 153 BC when the two consuls, for whom the years were named, began to be chosen on January 1. The reason for this shift of the new year into the dead of winter was to allow the new consuls to complete the elections and ceremonies upon becoming consuls, and still reach their respective consular armies by the start of the campaigning.

Various Christian feast dates were used for the New Year in Europe in the Middle Ages, including March 25 and December 25. However, medieval calendars were displayed in the Roman fashion of twelve columns from January to December. Beginning in the 16th century, European countries began officially making January 1 the start of the New Year once again — sometimes called Circumcision Style because this was the date of the Feast of the Circumcision, being the 8th day from December 25.

Historical names for January include its original Roman designation, Ianuarius, the Saxon term Wulf-monath (meaning wolf month) and Charlemagne's designation Wintarmanoth (winter / cold month). In Finnish, the month is called tammikuu, meaning month of the oak, but the original meaning was the month of the heart of winter, as tammi has initially meant axis or core. This month is in Czech called leden, meaning ice month.

The first Monday in January is known as Handsel Monday in Scotland and northern England. In England, the agricultural year began with Plough Sunday on the Sunday after Epiphany.

The Coming of Age day in Japan is the second Monday of January, for those becoming 20 years old in the new calendar year. It is a national holiday. The day has been celebrated since 1948, but fell on January 15 until 1999, when it was moved by the Japanese government in an attempt to lift the economy by making more holidays consecutive.

In the pagan wheel of the year, January ends at or near to Imbolc in the northern hemisphere and Lughnasadh in the southern hemisphere.

It is the middle month of summer in the Southern Hemisphere and the middle of winter in the Northern.

Contents

Events in January

Historical Firsts

Monthlong Events

National Poverty Awareness Month - (United States)

Holidays

  • New Year's Day - January 1st

January symbols

Months and days of the year
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January 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
February 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
March 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
April 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
August 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
November 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
December     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at January. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "January" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

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January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It has 31 days.

January is named for Janus, the Roman god of doors and gateways.

January and February were put on the calendar after all the other months. This is because in the original Roman calendar, Winter did not have months. Although March was originally the first month, January became the new first month because that was when people chose the new consuls (Roman leaders).

January's flower is the Carnation with its birthstone being the Garnet. The meaning of the Garnet is Constancy.

The first day of January is called New Year's Day. In some countries it has the name of the Saint Sylvester.

Months of the Year

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

koi:Январmrj:Январь


rue:Януар








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