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Japan
日本国
Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku
Flag Imperial Seal
AnthemKimigayo (君が代?)
Government Seal:
Seal of the Office of the Prime Minister and the Government of Japan
Paulownia (五七桐 Go-Shichi no Kiri?)
Capital
(and largest city)
Tokyo (de facto)
35°41′N 139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
Official language(s) None[1]
Recognised regional languages Aynu itak, Eastern Japanese, Western Japanese, Ryukyuan, and several other Japanese dialects
National language

National Scripts


Japanese

Kanji
Hiragana
Katakana
Ethnic groups  98.5% Japanese, 0.5% Korean, 0.4% Chinese, 0.6% other[2]
Demonym Japanese
Government Parliamentary democracy with constitutional monarchy
 -  Emperor Akihito
 -  Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama (DPJ)
Legislature National Diet
 -  Upper House House of Councillors
 -  Lower House House of Representatives
Formation
 -  National Foundation Day February 11, 660 BC[3] 
 -  Meiji Constitution November 29, 1890 
 -  Current constitution May 3, 1947 
 -  Treaty of
San Francisco

April 28, 1952 
Area
 -  Total 377,944 km2 [4](61st)
145,925 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.8
Population
 -  2010 estimate 127,430,000[5] (10th)
 -  2004 census 127,333,002 
 -  Density 337.2/km2 (36th)
873.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $4.356 trillion[6] (3rd)
 -  Per capita $34,115[6] (24th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $4.910 trillion[6] (2nd)
 -  Per capita $38,457[6] (23rd)
Gini  38.1 (2002)[7] 
HDI (2007) 0.960[8] (very high) (10th)
Currency International Symbol ¥ Pronounced (Yen)
Japanese Symbol Pronounced (En) (JPY)
Time zone JST (UTC+9)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)
Date formats yyyy-mm-dd
yyyy年m月d日
Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .jp
Calling code 81
.Japan (日本 Nihon or Nippon?, officially 日本国 About this sound Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku) is an island country in East Asia.^ The JR East Pass is a special Japan train travel discount ticket for tourists to the country...
  • Alltop - Top Japan News 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC japan.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ On the same day, Japan held an "Asia-Pacific Water Summit" in Japan, collecting representatives from 35 countries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south.^ Japan lost control over North Korea.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan doesn't recognize North Korea.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ North Korea is neither a foreign nation nor part of Japan, according to Japanese laws.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

The characters which make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun".
Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands.[9] The four largest islands are Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū and Shikoku, together accounting for 97% of Japan's land area. .Most of the islands are mountainous, many volcanic; for example, Japan’s highest peak, Mount Fuji, is a volcano.^ Volcanoes Fuji is the most remarkable volcanic peak.

^ Plains.Japan, though very mountainous, has many extensive plains.

^ Among the mountains ,of Japan there are three volcanic ranges, namely, that of the Kuriles, that of Fuji, and that of Kirishima.

.Japan has the world's tenth-largest population, with about 128 million people.^ You also wrote this: I would like to inform people in the world about my situation.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ People in Kagoshima pay about 100 million dollars in total as fees.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The way you write above, you purport that only you know what is good music, and that all of the societies around the world (not just in Japan) are wrong about Ozawa's talents.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the de facto capital city of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents.^ But please be aware that Tokyo prefecture (See Note 3) includes some Southern islands such as Izu Islands (See Note 5).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Great Kanto earthquake September 1, 1923 At that time, Tokyo was already one of the major cities in the world.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Roads leading from Tokyo to the prefectural offices, and those forming the lines of conoexion between cities and military stations.

Archaeological research indicates that people were living on the islands of Japan as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. .The first written mention of Japan begins with brief appearances in Chinese history texts from the first century A.D. Influence from the outside world followed by long periods of isolation has characterized Japan's history.^ CIA World Fact Book Japan The BBC Country profile Japan provides an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of Japan.
  • The Japanese Stock Market and Economy. 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.site-by-site.com [Source type: Reference]

^ There are three wet seasons in Japan: the first, from the middle of April to the beginning of May; the second, from the middle of June to the beginning of July; and the third, from early in September to early in October.

^ Goldiegirl Jun 20, 2007, 05:05 Suicide has a long history in Japan...it's not a conspiracy, it's cultural.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since adopting its constitution in 1947, Japan has maintained a unitary constitutional monarchy with an emperor and an elected parliament, the Diet.^ The current Constitution of Japan was established in 1947.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.A major power,[10] Japan has the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and the third largest in purchasing power parity.^ There are three wet seasons in Japan: the first, from the middle of April to the beginning of May; the second, from the middle of June to the beginning of July; and the third, from early in September to early in October.

^ J-Pop: From Peak to Weak I recently heard rumors from Japanese music executives that Japan has become the world’s largest market for recorded music.
  • Alltop - Top Japan News 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC japan.alltop.com [Source type: General]

^ JAPAN , an empire of eastern Asia , and one of the great powers of the world.

It is also the world's fourth largest exporter and fifth largest importer. .It is also the only Asian country in the G8 and is currently serving as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council.^ In 1961, U Thant, then Burma's Permanent Representative to the United Nations and former Secretary to the Prime Minister, was elected Secretary-General of the United Nations; he was the first non-Westerner to head any international organization and would serve as UN Secretary-General for ten years.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Note 14)--^ Bangladesh's Ahmed supports Japan's bid for the permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But censorship is seen not only in Asian countries but also among Western countries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains a modern and extensive military force which is employed in self-defense and peacekeeping roles.^ But although the capital of Japan formerly played only an insignificant part in Japanese ceramics, modern Tokyo has an important school of artist-artisans.

It is a developed country with very high living standards (10th highest HDI). .Japan has the highest life expectancy of any country in the world (according to both the UN and WHO estimates) and the third lowest infant mortality rate.^ CIA World Fact Book Japan The BBC Country profile Japan provides an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of Japan.
  • The Japanese Stock Market and Economy. 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.site-by-site.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Japan has been admired as the safest country with the best policemen in the world.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Smokers in their 70s have higher rates of life expectancy than non-smokers in their 70s have.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[11][12]

Contents

Etymology

The English word Japan is an exonym. .The Japanese names for Japan are Nippon (にっぽん?) (About this sound listen ) and Nihon (にほん?) (About this sound listen ).^ This Japanese name was used at unity immediately after the attacks in all news and reports in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the first a few months, Japan used unified typhoon names as well as Japanese original typhoon names.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Note 1)-- Japanese names that are used in the unified name table--- Japan ignores the unified system while other Asian countries use the unified name table that includes even Japanese names.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.They are both written in Japanese using the kanji 日本.^ Sometimes Chinese cobalt was used, sometimes Japanese, and sometimes a mixture of both.

.The Japanese name Nippon is used for most official purposes, including on Japanese money, postage stamps, and for many international sporting events.^ This name was particularly used for the Japanese in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The real purpose was to collect money that is not included in the national budget and can be used freely by the government until the people retire.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ History Money laundering is a new word for most Japanese, but its idea itself is a familiar one.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nihon is a more casual term and the most frequently used in contemporary speech.^ But in the short term, they can already say that they are likely to become more frequent, even if not necessarily more severe.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Japanese people refer to themselves as Nihonjin (日本人?) and they call their language Nihongo (日本語?).^ Lan guage.Since the year 1820, when Klaproth concluded that the Japanese language had sprung from the Ural-Altaic stock, philologists have busied themselves in tracing its affinities.

^ If they would just release the information to the public so people could see it for themselves there wouldn't be this suspecion there.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For Japan, Yasukuni Shrine and the Japanese Red Army are the same because they are heroes who devote themselves to the national interest (See Note 6).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Both Nippon and Nihon literally mean "the sun's origin" and are often translated as the Land of the Rising Sun. .This nomenclature comes from Imperial correspondence with the Chinese Sui Dynasty and refers to Japan's eastward position relative to China.^ Tradition refers to the advent of a Chinese artist named Nanriu, invited to Japan in the 5th century as a painter of the Imperial banners, but of the labors and influence of Period, this man and of his descendants we have no record.

^ Japan virtually destroyed Chinese, Korean and Ryukyu Dynasties.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Before Nihon came into official use, Japan was known as Wa (?) or Wagoku (倭国?).^ By the term archaic is to be understood the pure Japanese language of earliest times, and by the term classical the quasi-Chinese language which came into use for literary purposes when Japan appropriated the civilization of her great neighbors.

^ The Kyoto Protocol was used to establish a public image of Japan as a developed nation on the environmental affairs before conducting weather terrorism.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[13]
The English word for Japan came to the West from early trade routes. .The early Mandarin or possibly Wu Chinese (呉語) word for Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters 日本 'Japan' is Zeppen [zəʔpən]; in Wu, the character 日 has two pronunciations, informal (白讀?) [niʔ] and formal (文讀?) [zəʔ].^ We decided to publish this editorial about the Marco Polo Bridge Incident on July 7 because we believe this year has special significance for both Japan and China.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now most Japanese use "kazoku" or "家族" in Chinese character as the alternative Japanese word.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1947, the Japanese word that was frequently used to mean "family origin" was "monchi" or "門地" in the Chinese character.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.(In some southern Wu dialects, 日本 is pronounced [niʔpən], similar to its pronunciation in Japanese.^ Their pronunciations were very similar, particularly in Japanese.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

) .The old Malay word for Japan, Jepang (now spelled Jepun in Malaysia, though still spelled Jepang in Indonesia), was borrowed from a Chinese language, and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Malacca in the 16th century.^ The embroiderers craft has been followed for centuries in Japan with eminent success, but whereas it formerly ranked E b t~ with dyeing and weaving, it has now come to be m rO eay.

^ The Kojiki is written in the archaic form: that is to say, the language is the language of old Japan, the script, although ideographic, is used phonetically only, and the case-indicators are represented by Chinese characters having the samesounds.

^ Now most Japanese use "kazoku" or "家族" in Chinese character as the alternative Japanese word.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

It is thought the Portuguese traders were the first to bring the word to Europe. It was first recorded in English in a 1565 letter spelled Giapan.[14]

History

.The first signs of occupation on the Japanese Archipelago appeared with a Paleolithic culture around 30,000 BC, followed from around 14,000 BC by the Jōmon period, a Mesolithic to Neolithic semi-sedentary hunter-gatherer (possibly Ainu)[15] culture of pit dwelling and a rudimentary form of agriculture.^ The first attack was set at June 23rd around the US, but not in the US. The then Japanese prime minister, Nakasone, had seemingly a good relationship with the US president Ronald Reagan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Decorated clay vessels from this period, often with plaited patterns, are some of the oldest surviving examples of pottery in the world.^ This country often cherishes some children for alomost the period of a whole generation.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Yayoi period, starting around 500 BC, saw the introduction of many new practices, such as wet-rice farming,[16] a new style of pottery[17] and Metallurgy [18][19] brought by migrants from China and Korea.^ There are many such people around me.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The close of this long period brought a new style of art, that of the Korin school.

^ Great Hanshin earthquake January 17, 1995 This earthquake occurred just around the time when the Operation Desert Storm started.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Japanese first appear in written history in China’s Book of Han.^ Nothing is written in Japanese history books about what happened on that day.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Communications.From the conditions actually existing in the 8th century after the Christian era the first compilers of Japanese history inferred the conditions which might Roads and have existed in the 7th century before that era.

^ The date of the first use of color-printing in Japanese book illus- fi ok Ill tration is uncertain.

.According to the Chinese Records of Three Kingdoms, the most powerful kingdom on the archipelago during the third century was called Yamataikoku.^ The date of its construction is not recorded, but it certainly underwent signal improvement in the 12th and 13th centuries, and during the two and a half centuries of Tokugawa sway in Yedo.

^ Nevertheless the annals show that during the three centuries before 1897 there were 108 earthquakes sufficiently disastrous to merit historical mention.

.Buddhism was first introduced to Japan from Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, but the subsequent development of Japanese Buddhism and Buddhist sculptures were primarily influenced by China.^ One example in English Three examples in Japanese .
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ North Korea is neither a foreign nation nor part of Japan, according to Japanese laws.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iwleanwhile an inquirer is confronted by the strange fact that of three neighboring countries between which frequent communication existed, one (China) never deviated from an ideographic script; another (Korea) invented an alphabet , and the third (Japan) devised a syllabary.

[20] Despite early resistance, Buddhism was promoted by the ruling class and eventually gained growing acceptance since the Asuka period.[21]
The Mongol invasions in 1274 and 1281 were successfully repelled
.The Nara period of the eighth century marked the first emergence of a strong central Japanese state, centered on an imperial court in the city of Heijō-kyō, or modern-day Nara.^ Since most national holidays in Japan had been related to the imperial family, the Allies carried out court procedures on the days.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The native artist who crested the first great wave of Japanese painting was a court noble named Kos no Kanaoka, living under the patronage of the emperor Seiwa ~ mi (850859) and his successors down to about the end of J~~d the 9th century, in the midst of a period of peace and culture.

^ The period from the early part of the 14th century to the opening of the 17th is generally regarded as the dark age of Japanese literature.

In addition to the continuing adoption of Chinese administrative practices, the Nara period is characterized by the appearance of a nascent written literature with the completion of the massive chronicles Kojiki (712) and Nihon Shoki (720).[22] .(Nara was not the first capital city in Japan, though.^ Happily, there are still preserved in the great temples of Japan, chiefly in the ancient capital of Nara, many noble relics of this period.

Before Nara, Fujiwara-kyō and Asuka served as capitals of the Yamato state.)
.In 784, Emperor Kammu moved the capital from Nara to Nagaoka-kyō for a brief ten-year period, before relocating it to Heian-kyō (modern-day Kyoto) in 794, where it remained for more than a millennium.^ Dude I have been here for over 20 years and I have seen more cloud patterns like the one you link to than you could shake a stick at.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Happily, there are still preserved in the great temples of Japan, chiefly in the ancient capital of Nara, many noble relics of this period.

^ Each ge~eration has added something to the canons of its predecessor, and for every ten points preserved not more than one has been discarded.

[23] .This marked the beginning of the Heian period, during which time a distinctly indigenous Japanese culture emerged, noted for its art, poetry and literature.^ At that time, most Japanese diplomats were government agents who expanded the networks of spies and sympathisers for Japan (See Note 7,8).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Professor Chamberlains Kojiki, the same authors introduction to The Classical Poetry of the Japanese, and Mr W. G. Astons Nikongi, are essential to every student of Japanese literature.

^ During recent times many students have turned their attention to this branch of literature.

.Lady Murasaki's The Tale of Genji and the lyrics of modern Japan's national anthem, Kimi ga Yo were written during this time.^ No important new developments have taken place during modern times in Japans lacquer manufacture.

^ His books were written before and during WWII. When he made a speech at the Nobel Prize award ceremony in 1968, the title of his speech was "Beautiful Japan".
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[24]
An old Japanese painting depicting a battle during the Sengoku period (1467–1615)
.Japan's feudal era was characterized by the emergence of a ruling class of warriors, the samurai.^ In the feudal period, Buddhist temples often held many warriors and fought samurai warriors and each other for non-religious reasons.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1185, following the defeat of the rival Taira clan, Minamoto no Yoritomo was appointed Shogun and established a base of power in Kamakura.^ The struggle between the Taira and Minamoto clans for the power that had long been practically abandoned by the Imperial line lasted through the 11th and the greater part of the 12th centuries, ending only with the rise of Yoritomo to the shogunate in 1185.

^ In 1888 Maruyama established, another Asahi in Tokyo, and thither he was quickly followed by his Osaka rival, which in TOkyO took the name of Mainichi Dempo (Daily Telegraph).

After Yoritomo's death, the Hōjō clan came to rule as regents for the shoguns. Zen Buddhism was introduced from China in the Kamakura period (1185–1333) and became popular among the samurai class.
.The Kamakura shogunate managed to repel Mongol invasions in 1274 and 1281, aided by a storm that the Japanese interpreted as a kamikaze, or Divine Wind.^ A calamitous atmospheric feature is the periodical arrival of storms called typhoons (Japanese tai-fu or great wind).

^ As far back as the beginning of the Christian era the Japanese and the Koreans could not hold intercourse without the aid of interpreters.

.The Kamakura shogunate was eventually overthrown by Emperor Go-Daigo, who was soon himself defeated by Ashikaga Takauji in 1336.[25] The succeeding Ashikaga shogunate failed to control the feudal warlords (daimyō), and a civil war erupted (the Ōnin War) in 1467 which opened a century-long Sengoku (“Warring States”) period.^ The period from the early part of the 14th century to the opening of the 17th is generally regarded as the dark age of Japanese literature.

[26]
.During the sixteenth century, traders and Jesuit missionaries from Portugal reached Japan for the first time, initiating active commercial and cultural exchange between Japan and the West (Nanban trade).^ There is no sat?sfactory theory as to the route by which the Mongols reached Japan, but it is scarcely possible to doubt that they found their way thither at one time.

^ The first historical period of glyptic art in Japan reaches from the end of the 6th to the end of the 12th century, culminating in, the work of the great Nara sculptors, Unkei and Period, his pupil Kwaikei.

^ If Japan was eminently fortunate in the men who directed her political career at that time, she was equally favored in those that presided over her literary culture.

One of Japan's Red seal ships (1634), which were used for trade throughout Asia.
Samurai of the Satsuma clan during the Boshin War, circa 1867.
Oda Nobunaga conquered numerous other daimyo by using European technology and firearms and had almost unified the nation when he was assassinated in 1582. Toyotomi Hideyoshi succeeded Nobunaga and united the nation in 1590. Hideyoshi invaded Korea twice, but following several defeats by Korean and Ming China forces and Hideyoshi's death, Japanese troops were withdrawn in 1598.[27]
After Hideyoshi's death, Tokugawa Ieyasu utilized his position as regent for Hideyoshi's son Toyotomi Hideyori to gain political and military support. .When open war broke out, he defeated rival clans in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600. Ieyasu was appointed shōgun in 1603 and established the Tokugawa shogunate at Edo (modern Tokyo).^ In 1939, World War II broke out.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[28] The Tokugawa shogunate enacted a variety of measures such as Buke shohatto to control the autonomous daimyo.
.In 1639, the shogunate began the isolationist sakoku ("closed country") policy that spanned the two and a half centuries of tenuous political unity known as the Edo period.^ A new era in art began in the latter half of the 17th century with the establishment of a popular school under an embroiderers draughtsman named Hishigawa Moronobu (c.

^ The date of its construction is not recorded, but it certainly underwent signal improvement in the 12th and 13th centuries, and during the two and a half centuries of Tokugawa sway in Yedo.

^ This is undoubtedly the finest jewelled porcelain in Japan; the best examples leave nothing to be desired The factorys period of excellence began about the year I 680, ant culminated at the close of the 18th century.

The study of Western sciences, known as rangaku, continued during this period through contacts with the Dutch enclave at Dejima in Nagasaki. .The Edo period also gave rise to kokugaku, or literally "national studies", the study of Japan by the Japanese themselves.^ North Korea is neither a foreign nation nor part of Japan, according to Japanese laws.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The so-called dark age of Japanese literature was not entirely unproductive: it gave the drama (No) to Japan.

^ Nov 17, 2007, 08:09 My recent discovery,Japan's Zainici-Koreans are most outwardly patriotic & often like to misrepresent themselves as true Japanese nationals.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[29] .According to one authority, there were at least 130 famines during the Edo period, of which 21 were particularly serious.^ Buddhist sculpture was by no means neglected during this period, but there are few works that call for special notice.

^ There are no rabbits, but hares (usagi) are to be found in very varying numbers, and those of one species put on a white coat during winter.

[30]
.On March 31, 1854, Commodore Matthew Perry and the "Black Ships" of the United States Navy forced the opening of Japan to the outside world with the Convention of Kanagawa.^ This, the deepest sea- bed in the world, is called the Tuscarora Deep, after the name of the United States man-of-war which made the survey.

^ The world would think that Japan is in turmoil and that it could really be a disaster to force Japan into a corner.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Brazil is the Latin American country that has received the most ethnic Japanese immigrants, as well having the largest Japanese population outside of Japan, numbering an estimate of more than 1.5 million considerably bigger than that of the 1.2 million in the United States.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Subsequent similar treaties with the Western countries in the Bakumatsu period brought Japan into economic and political crises.^ CIA World Fact Book Japan The BBC Country profile Japan provides an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of Japan.
  • The Japanese Stock Market and Economy. 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.site-by-site.com [Source type: Reference]

^ I hear he got married with a minority woman in a Western country and came back to Japan alone, like Fujimori (See Note 4) and Yoko Ono (See Note 5).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most earthquakes in Japan seem to be artificial ones usually with political and economic purposes.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The abundance of the prerogative and the resignation of the shogunate led to the Boshin War and the establishment of a centralized state unified under the name of the Emperor (Meiji Restoration).^ A new era in art began in the latter half of the 17th century with the establishment of a popular school under an embroiderers draughtsman named Hishigawa Moronobu (c.

^ This, the deepest sea- bed in the world, is called the Tuscarora Deep, after the name of the United States man-of-war which made the survey.

Adopting Western political, judicial and military institutions, the Cabinet organized the Privy Council, introduced the Meiji Constitution, and assembled the Imperial Diet. .The Meiji Restoration transformed the Empire of Japan into an industrialized world power that embarked on a number of military conflicts to expand the nation's sphere of influence.^ JAPAN , an empire of eastern Asia , and one of the great powers of the world.

.After victories in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895) and the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905), Japan gained control of Taiwan, Korea, and the southern half of Sakhalin.^ Japan lost control over North Korea.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Formosa and the Pescadores were ceded to Japan by China after the war of 1894-1895, and the southern half of Sakhalinthe part south of 500 N.was added to Japan by cession from Russia in 1905.

^ In the 1930s, at a time when militarists had taken control of the Japanese government and society, Catholics in Japan faced a problem.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[31]

20th century

.The early twentieth century saw a brief period of "Taishō democracy" overshadowed by the rise of expansionism and militarization.^ The period from the early part of the 14th century to the opening of the 17th is generally regarded as the dark age of Japanese literature.

^ The second period in Japanese glyptic art extends from the beginning of the 13th to the early part of the 17th century.

.World War I enabled Japan, which joined the side of the victorious Allies, to expand its influence and territorial holdings.^ Japan took advantage of the global confusion during World War II and expanded its battle line.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You may think that, during World War II, France was included in the Allied Powers.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aug 3, 2007, 16:09 Japan's Conspiracy (23-1) ==== Japan won World War II. ==== I was surprised when I knew that Japan was a victorious nation for the Japanese government and for some nationalists.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Japan continued its expansionist policy by occupying Manchuria in 1931. As a result of international condemnation for this occupation, Japan resigned from the League of Nations two years later. In 1935, local assemblies were established in Taiwan.[32] .In 1936, Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact with Nazi Germany, joining the Axis powers in 1941.[33] In 1941, Japan signed the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact with Soviet Union, respecting both Manchukou and Mongolian People's Republic territories.^ At that time, Japan was eager to show the power of the Japanese construction industry.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japanese death toll was 3.1 million, the US death toll was 290,000 On the other hand, the death tolls of Soviet Union, China, Germany, Poland and Indonesia were 23 million, 20 million, 7 million, 5 million and 4 million, respectively.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some were given to the Soviet Union as pawns for the security of Japan proper.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1937, the Empire of Japan invaded other parts of China, precipitating the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945).^ North Korea is neither a foreign nation nor part of Japan, according to Japanese laws.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most Japanese victims were killed for other reasons, including torture and mass suicide within Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Formosa and the Pescadores were ceded to Japan by China after the war of 1894-1895, and the southern half of Sakhalinthe part south of 500 N.was added to Japan by cession from Russia in 1905.

In 1940, the Empire then invaded French Indochina, after which the United States placed an oil embargo on Japan.[34] .On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the United States naval base in Pearl Harbor and declared war on the United States, the United Kingdom and Netherlands.^ For example, the Attack on Pearl Harbor was carried out on December 8, 1941 in the US, and on December 9, 1941 in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These attacks were often compared with Attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This, the deepest sea- bed in the world, is called the Tuscarora Deep, after the name of the United States man-of-war which made the survey.

.This act brought the United States into World War II and, on December 8, these three countries declared war on Japan.^ CIA World Fact Book Japan The BBC Country profile Japan provides an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of Japan.
  • The Japanese Stock Market and Economy. 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.site-by-site.com [Source type: Reference]

^ A defence minister of the Japanese puppet regime The capital of Burma, Rangoon, fell to the Japanese in March 1942 (as part of the Burma Campaign in World War II), and the Japanese military administration took over the country.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I was surprised when I found some web sites relating the first change of government since the end of World War II under Hosokawa administration.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[35][36] .After the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, along with the Soviet Union joining the war against it, Japan agreed to an unconditional surrender of all Japanese forces on August 15 (Victory over Japan Day).^ Unconditional surrender was a foregone conclusion for Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, from August 15 to this day, no Japanese government officials thought that Japan lost the war.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japanese may think that the war ended on August 15.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[37]
Skyscrapers in Shinjuku, Tokyo
.The war cost Japan and countries part of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere millions of lives and left much of the country's industry and infrastructure destroyed.^ Formosa and the Pescadores were ceded to Japan by China after the war of 1894-1895, and the southern half of Sakhalinthe part south of 500 N.was added to Japan by cession from Russia in 1905.

^ The Pacific Ocean, which washes the eastern shores, moulds their outline into much greater diversity than does the Sea of Japan which washes the western shores.

.The Allied powers repatriated millions of ethnic Japanese from colonies throughout Asia.^ The jinrikisha was devised by a Japanese in 1870, and since then it has come into use throughout the whole of Asia eastward of the Suez Canal .

^ During World War II, in Southeast Asia such as Vietnam and Cambodia, French navy cooperated with Japanese navy and fought the Allied Powers.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Headquarters of the Imperial Japanese Army surrendered to the Allied Powers in exchange for the acquittal of all government officials.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[38] .The International Military Tribunal for the Far East, was convened by the Allies (on May 3, 1946) to prosecute some Japanese leaders for war crimes.^ For example, the president of a Japanese company may assume the chairman of a crime prevention association just to camouflage collusion with gang organizations.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the first post-war gathering of Japan's bishops in May 1946, the bishops decreed that Catholics henceforth were not allowed to go to shrines in either a private or a public capacity.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You may think that, during World War II, France was included in the Allied Powers.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, all members of the bacteriological research units and members of the imperial family involved in the conduct of the war were exonerated from criminal prosecutions by the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces.^ Since most national holidays in Japan had been related to the imperial family, the Allies carried out court procedures on the days.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Above all this, however, the Japanese sculptor is a force in art.

^ Though it was beyond expectation for every Japanese, Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers Douglas MacArthur suddenly ordered to arrest key 39 Japanese generals and politicians who were designated as Class A War Criminals including Hideki Tojo.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1947, Japan adopted a new pacifist constitution emphasizing liberal democratic practices.^ The current Constitution of Japan was established in 1947.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These four clauses above are figurative expressions for part of the constitutional amendment proposed by the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (See Note 1, 2).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Around September 11 2003, most headline news were election for president of the Liberal Democratic Party.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Allied occupation ended by the Treaty of San Francisco in 1952[39] and Japan was granted membership in the United Nations in 1956. Japan later achieved spectacular growth to become the second largest economy in the world, with an annual growth rate averaging 10% for four decades.^ Since most national holidays in Japan had been related to the imperial family, the Allies carried out court procedures on the days.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The birth-rate, taking the average of the decennial period ended 1907, is 3~o5% of the population, and the death-rate is 2.05.

^ (Note 14)--^ Bangladesh's Ahmed supports Japan's bid for the permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

This ended in the mid-1990s when Japan suffered a major recession. .Positive growth in the early twenty-first century has signaled a gradual recovery.^ It was first produced by a Korean who emigrated to Japan in the early part of the 16th century.

[40]

Government and politics

.Japan is a constitutional monarchy where the power of the Emperor is very limited.^ When Japan restored a monarchy system in 1868, still Buddhist temples held strong powers.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a ceremonial figurehead, he is defined by the constitution as "the symbol of the state and of the unity of the people". Power is held chiefly by the Prime Minister of Japan and other elected members of the Diet, while sovereignty is vested in the Japanese people.^ On the moment, Japan had no prime minister.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is just what the Japanese prime minister is saying.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan tried to convince the Bush administration that there were no alternative prime minister other than Mr. Koizumi.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[41] The Emperor effectively acts as the head of state on diplomatic occasions. .Akihito is the current Emperor of Japan.^ Emperor's Birthday === The current emperor, Akihito, was born in 1933 (See Note 2).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan, stands as next in line to the throne.^ July 10 to July 17 Japanese Crown Prince Naruhito visited Mongolia (See Note 1).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Japan's legislative organ is the National Diet, a bicameral parliament. .The Diet consists of a House of Representatives, containing 480 seats, elected by popular vote every four years or when dissolved and a House of Councillors of 242 seats, whose popularly elected members serve six-year terms.^ As the result, though the city accounts for 35 per cent of the total voters of the 5 single-seat constituencies, no candidates from it has been elected for some years.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1961, U Thant, then Burma's Permanent Representative to the United Nations and former Secretary to the Prime Minister, was elected Secretary-General of the United Nations; he was the first non-Westerner to head any international organization and would serve as UN Secretary-General for ten years.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dissolution of the House of Representatives === The Japanese government dissolved the Lower House, which distracted people's attention from the execution of war criminals on December 23, 1948 (See Note 5).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.There is universal suffrage for adults over 20 years of age,[10] with a secret ballot for all elective offices.^ There is a nation-wide TV debate program that has lasted about 20 years.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "We have to be realistic, and we can't continue this process for 10, 20 years," Joji Morishita, Tokyo's representative to the conference, said.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Okinawa University === In Okinawa University, there were two professors who supported Japanese Red Army (See Note 10).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[41] .In 2009, the social liberal Democratic Party of Japan took power after 54 years of the liberal conservative Liberal Democratic Party's rule.^ On this point, the ruling Liberal Democratic Party has been successful.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The day just before the disastrous day, long-powerful Liberal Democratic Party regime collapsed.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The opposition parties seem to stand against the ruling party, but they are comrades who have the same purpose in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Prime Minister of Japan is the head of government.^ On the moment, Japan had no prime minister.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan tried to convince the Bush administration that there were no alternative prime minister other than Mr. Koizumi.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Note 6)-- July 24: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajed requested government bureaucrats and non-government organizations to cooperate with the government at the disaster emergency committee.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The position is appointed by the Emperor of Japan after being designated by the Diet from among its members and must enjoy the confidence of the House of Representatives to remain in office.^ The number of houses in Japan at the end of 1903, when the census was last taken, was 8,725,544, the average number of inmates in each house being thus 5.5, .

^ For many years their ware enjoyed the credit, or discredit, of being the most lavishly deco- Wa,i-~ I rated porcelain in Japan.

^ In the northern suite the lady of the house dwelt, the eastern and western suites being allotted to other members of the family.

.The Prime Minister is the head of the Cabinet (the literal translation of his Japanese title is "Prime Minister of the Cabinet") and appoints and dismisses the Ministers of State, a majority of whom must be Diet members.^ This is just what the Japanese prime minister is saying.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally, the cabinet put off the decision about whether the vice minister of defense is dismissed or not.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the title of a book published by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Yukio Hatoyama currently serves as the Prime Minister of Japan.^ On the moment, Japan had no prime minister.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan tried to convince the Bush administration that there were no alternative prime minister other than Mr. Koizumi.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Until the time the earthqake occurred, there had been no prime minister in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[42]
.Historically influenced by Chinese law, the Japanese legal system developed independently during the Edo period through texts such as Kujikata Osadamegaki.^ This is the reality of the Japanese law enforcement system.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the Japanese penal law is much influenced by the German law, you need a sort of "action" to be punished.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The development of Japanese painting may be divided into the following six periods, each signalized by a wave of progress.

.However, since the late nineteenth century, the judicial system has been largely based on the civil law of Europe, notably France and Germany.^ At the base is a thermal spring, where baths have existed since the 7th century.

.For example, in 1896, the Japanese government established a civil code based on the German model.^ An impetus was given to ceramic decoration by the efforts of a new school, which owed its origin to Dr G. Wagener, an eminent German expert formerly in the service of the Japanese government.

^ Since the modern Japanese government was established, the money laundering fraud was developed in both the underground societies and official secret organizations.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japanese government representatives ordered the U.S. crew to return to Yokota Air Base because the Japan Self-Defense Forces (JSDF) were going to handle the rescue.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.With post-World War II modifications, the code remains in effect in present-day Japan.^ World War II and defeat - - - Prologue to war .
  • Japan -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ For an example of this, see World War II .
  • Japan - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fortunes of war at first ran in favor of Japan, and by the end of 1942 the spread of Japanese military might over the Pacific to the doors of India and of Alaska was prodigious (see World War II ).
  • Japan Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Japan 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43] .Statutory law originates in Japan's legislature, the National Diet of Japan, with the rubber stamp approval of the Emperor.^ North Korea is neither a foreign nation nor part of Japan, according to Japanese laws.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The current constitution requires that the Emperor promulgates legislation passed by the Diet, without specifically giving him the power to oppose the passing of the legislation.^ Japan has a royal family led by an Emperor, but under the current constitution he holds no power at all, not even emergency reserve powers.
  • fUSION Anomaly. Japan 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC fusionanomaly.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Japan's national diet has sole legislative power.
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/japan.html?nav=el 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The emperor shares legislative power with two large political bodies, the Chamber of Peers and the Chamber of Deputies.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Japan 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

[41] .Japan's court system is divided into four basic tiers: the Supreme Court and three levels of lower courts.^ Japanese Style Gerimander (See Note 5)=== Kagoshima City, with the population of 605,000, is divided into three constituencies.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Structurally Japan is divided into two regions by a depression (the Fossa Magna of Naumann) which stretches across the island of Hondo from Shimoda to Nagano.

^ It is divided into three parts, separated by walls, and each containing a lake, of which the middle one emits steam and the two others are cold.

[44] The main body of Japanese statutory law is a collection called the Six Codes.[43]

Foreign relations and military

.Japan maintains close economic and military relations with its key ally the United States, with the U.S.-Japan security alliance serving as the cornerstone of its foreign policy.^ Since most national holidays in Japan had been related to the imperial family, the Allies carried out court procedures on the days.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bank of Japan and Public Security Intelligence Agency Shigetake Ogata is a man who symbolizes the relations between the two organizations (See Note 3).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Note 14)--^ Bangladesh's Ahmed supports Japan's bid for the permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[45] .A member state of the United Nations since 1956, Japan has served as a non-permanent Security Council member for a total of 19 years, most recently for 2009 and 2010. It is also one of the G4 nations seeking permanent membership in the Security Council.^ Since most national holidays in Japan had been related to the imperial family, the Allies carried out court procedures on the days.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A slew of films featuring this episode have been made recently in both China and the United States.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On this day Japan also celebrated its own foundation because this day was also Japan's most important national holiday, the National Foundation Day..
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[46]
.As a member of the G8, the APEC, the "ASEAN Plus Three" and a participant in the East Asia Summit, Japan actively participates in international affairs and enhances diplomatic ties with its important partners around the world.^ The way you write above, you purport that only you know what is good music, and that all of the societies around the world (not just in Japan) are wrong about Ozawa's talents.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Japanese government moved a variety of agents in and around Japan, sometimes throughout the world.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the same day, Japan held an "Asia-Pacific Water Summit" in Japan, collecting representatives from 35 countries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Japan signed a security pact with Australia in March 2007[47] and with India in October 2008.[48] It is also the world's third largest donor of official development assistance after the United States and United Kingdom, donating US$8.86 billion in 2004.[49] Japan contributed non-combatant troops to the Iraq War but subsequently withdrew its forces from Iraq.^ The US Bush administration demanded Japan's financial contribution and joint action to the war.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan forever renounces war and use of force.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Abe promised Japan's Self Defense Forces' operation for another 2 years in Iraq.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[50] .The Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force is a regular participant in RIMPAC maritime exercises.^ Abe promised Japan's Self Defense Forces' operation for another 2 years in Iraq.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I now believe that the Meteorological Agency announces the weather forecast after discussing the manipulation effect with the Air Self-Defense Force.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a variety of alternative names for the law such as "Anti-terrorism law", "terrorism defense law" or "law of cooperation with US forces" in Japanese.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Japan is engaged in several territorial disputes with its neighbors: with Russia over the South Kuril Islands, with South Korea over the Liancourt Rocks, with the People's Republic of China and Republic of China (Taiwan) over the Senkaku Islands, and with the PRC over the EEZ around Okinotorishima.^ But he faced a severe criticism again in and around Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Formosa and the Pescadores were ceded to Japan by China after the war of 1894-1895, and the southern half of Sakhalinthe part south of 500 N.was added to Japan by cession from Russia in 1905.

^ Japan tried to buy not Northern Territories (Kuril islands) but to buy the concession by the then Russian President Yeltsin about the territories' handover to Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Japan also faces an ongoing dispute with North Korea over its abduction of Japanese citizens and its nuclear weapons and missile program (see also Six-party talks).^ Japan lost control over North Korea.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan doesn't recognize North Korea.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Note 1 to Note 9) ------------------------- (Note 1) Crown Prince helps excavate Mongolia fossils http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20070714b2.html (Note 2) N. Korea warns Japan of consequences if it presses abduction issue North Korea on Thursday accused Japan of "abusing" the issue of Japanese citizens abducted to North Korea in the 1970s and 1980s to scuttle the six-party denuclearization talks, warning that if Japan fails to fulfill its commitments to provide energy aid, the nuclear issue will remain unsettled.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a result of the Kuril Islands dispute, Japan is technically still at war with Russia since no treaty resolving the issue was ever signed.^ Formosa and the Pescadores were ceded to Japan by China after the war of 1894-1895, and the southern half of Sakhalinthe part south of 500 N.was added to Japan by cession from Russia in 1905.

^ The books produced in the period1880-1908in Japan are still of high technical excellence.

^ Japan tried to buy not Northern Territories (Kuril islands) but to buy the concession by the then Russian President Yeltsin about the territories' handover to Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[51]
.Japan's military is restricted by the Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, which renounces Japan's right to declare war or use military force as a means of settling international disputes.^ Article 9: Aspiring sincerely to an international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes (See Note 1).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan forever renounces war and use of force.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the original Japanese Constitution, ”門地" was used to express the meaning of "family origin".
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Japan's military is governed by the Ministry of Defense, and primarily consists of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF), the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) and the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).^ If you want to be a prestigious meteorologist, I suggest that you develop your skill in convincing others of your close-mouthed character and that you set up contacts with the Air Self-Defense Force.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Japanese government and Japanese mass media say that Okinawans are angry about the education ministry's instructions to textbook publishers to modify statements that Okinawa residents were forced by the military into committing mass suicide during the Battle of Okinawa.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan's foreign ministry officials can call any foreign government officials.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The forces have been recently used in peacekeeping operations and the deployment of Japanese troops to Iraq marked the first overseas use of its military since World War II.^ Article 9: Aspiring sincerely to an international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes (See Note 1).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A defence minister of the Japanese puppet regime The capital of Burma, Rangoon, fell to the Japanese in March 1942 (as part of the Burma Campaign in World War II), and the Japanese military administration took over the country.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan forever renounces war and use of force.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[50]

Administrative divisions

Map of the prefectures of Japan in ISO 3166-2:JP order and the regions of Japan
Japan consists of forty-seven prefectures, each overseen by an elected governor, legislature and administrative bureaucracy. .Each prefecture is further divided into cities, towns and villages.^ Japanese Style Gerimander (See Note 5)=== Kagoshima City, with the population of 605,000, is divided into three constituencies.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]



2. Aomori
3. Iwate
4. Miyagi
5. Akita
6. Yamagata
7. Fukushima

8. Ibaraki
9. Tochigi
10. Gunma
11. Saitama
12. Chiba
13. Tokyo
14. Kanagawa

15. Niigata
16. Toyama
17. Ishikawa
18. Fukui
19. Yamanashi
20. Nagano
21. Gifu
22. Shizuoka
23. Aichi

24. Mie
25. Shiga
26. Kyoto
27. Osaka
28. Hyōgo
29. Nara
30. Wakayama

31. Tottori
32. Shimane
33. Okayama
34. Hiroshima
35. Yamaguchi

36. Tokushima
37. Kagawa
38. Ehime
39. Kōchi

40. Fukuoka
41. Saga
42. Nagasaki
43. Kumamoto
44. Ōita
45. Miyazaki
46. Kagoshima
47. Okinawa
The nation is currently undergoing administrative reorganization by merging many of the cities, towns and villages with each other. .This process will reduce the number of sub-prefecture administrative regions and is expected to cut administrative costs.^ There are forty-three ordinary prefectures, three metropolitan prefectures with special administrative powers, and one administrative region for the northernmost island.
  • Culture of Japan - traditional, history, people, traditions, women, beliefs, food, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52]
.Japan has dozens of major cities, which play an important role in Japan's culture, heritage and economy.^ But although the capital of Japan formerly played only an insignificant part in Japanese ceramics, modern Tokyo has an important school of artist-artisans.

^ Japan hopes that they will play a critical role in the international political arena in the future, particularly for Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Geography

Mount Fuji with cherry blossom trees and a shinkansen in the foreground—all three are iconic of Japan
.Japan is a country of over three thousand islands extending along the Pacific coast of Asia.^ The Pacific coast of the Japanese islands is more liable than the western shore to shocks disturbing a wide area.

^ On the same day, Japan held an "Asia-Pacific Water Summit" in Japan, collecting representatives from 35 countries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the foundation on which the volcanoes rest is exposed along the east coast of Hondo (in the Kwanto, Abukuma and Kitakami hills), and also in the island of Yezo.

.The main islands, running from north to south, are Hokkaidō, Honshū (the main island), Shikoku and Kyūshū.^ In the north of the main island there are no peaks of remarkable height.

^ Th third road, the OshOkaidO runs northward from Yedo o h~k 1d~ (now Tokyo) to Aomori on the extreme north of the S U 5 O~ main island, a distance of 445 iii., and several lesser highways give access to other regions.

^ There the bottom slopes very abruptly, descending precipitously at a point not far from the north-east coast of the main island, where soundings have shown 4655 fathoms.

.The Ryukyu Islands, including Okinawa, are a chain of islands south of Kyushū.^ The island fell on about June 21, 1945, though some Japanese continued fighting, including the future governor of Okinawa prefecture, Masahide Ota.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Together they are often known as the Japanese Archipelago.^ It is often said that typhoons are supposed to go through the Japanese archipelago, but it is impossible to explain the reason only by topography and meteorology.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It has often been said of the Japanese that they are slow in forming a decision but very quick to act upon it.

About 70% to 80% of the country is forested, mountainous,[53][54] and unsuitable for agricultural, industrial, or residential use. This is because of the generally steep elevations, climate and risk of landslides caused by earthquakes, soft ground and heavy rain. .This has resulted in an extremely high population density in the habitable zones that are mainly located in coastal areas.^ The country is heavily urbanized, and urban areas have extremely high population densities.
  • Culture of Japan - traditional, history, people, traditions, women, beliefs, food, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the arable land, which is only 11% of Japan's total land area, the population density is among the highest in the world.
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/japan.html?nav=el 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Japan Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Japan 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only about 15 percent of the land is level enough for agriculture, and so the population density in coastal plains and valleys is extremely high.
  • Culture of Japan - traditional, history, people, traditions, women, beliefs, food, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Japan is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.^ Japan has been admired as the safest country with the best policemen in the world.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The remarkable grace of this moun- Fe L tams curvean inverted catenarymakes it one of the most beautiful in the world, and has obtained for it a prominent place in Japanese decorative art.

^ Most earthquakes in Japan seem to be artificial ones usually with political and economic purposes.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[55]
.Its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire, at the juncture of three tectonic plates, gives Japan frequent low-intensity tremors and occasional volcanic activity.^ This area is in the middle of the fault zone of the Pacific, the Eurasian and the Philippine tectonic plates.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Japanese Archipelago is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunamis, occur several times each century.^ The attitude of the Japanese government has been strange for the past several years when earthquakes occurred.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Great Hanshin earthquake January 17, 1995 This earthquake occurred just around the time when the Operation Desert Storm started.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those conspiracy often occur at the time which is very convenient for the Japanese government.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[56] .The 1923 Tokyo earthquake killed over 140,000.[57] The most recent major quakes are the 2004 Chūetsu earthquake and the Great Hanshin Earthquake of 1995. Hot springs are numerous and have been developed as resorts.^ The Great Hanshin Earthquake occurred on January 17, 1995 at 5:46 a.m.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Tokyo) Great Kanto earthquake about 100,000 to 142,000 deaths It took place during the emergency in the Japanese politics.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Great Hanshin earthquake January 17, 1995 This earthquake occurred just around the time when the Operation Desert Storm started.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[58]
Shiranesanzan (from left to right: Mount Nōtori, Mount Aino, Mount Kita), view from Mount Kenashi in Shizuoka Prefecture.
.The climate of Japan is predominantly temperate, but varies greatly from north to south.^ Mountasns.The Japanese islands are traversed from north t south by a range of mountains which sends out various laterl branches.

[59] Japan's geographical features divide it into six principal climatic zones:
.
  • Hokkaidō: The northernmost zone has a temperate climate with long, cold winters and cool summers.^ General characteristics are hot and humid though short summers, and long, cold and clear winters.

    ^ But the variation of the thermometer in winter and summer being considerableas much as 72 F. in Tokyothe climate proves somewhat trying to persons of weak constitution.

    .Precipitation is not heavy, but the islands usually develop deep snow banks in the winter.
  • Sea of Japan: On Honshū's west coast, the northwest wind in the wintertime brings heavy snowfall.^ But in the mountainous provinces of the interior and in those along the western coast, deep snow covers the ground throughout the whole winter, and the sky is usually wrapped in a veil of clouds.

    ^ The intervening sea being comparatively warm, this wind arrives at Japan having its temperature increased and carrying moisture which it deposits as snow on the western faces of the Japanese mountains.

    ^ There the bottom slopes very abruptly, descending precipitously at a point not far from the north-east coast of the main island, where soundings have shown 4655 fathoms.

    .In the summer, the region is cooler than the Pacific area, though it sometimes experiences extremely hot temperatures, because of the foehn wind phenomenon.
  • Central Highland: A typical inland climate, with large temperature differences between summer and winter, and between day and night.^ He takes them as part of the days work, and though he sometimes grumbles, rarely, if ever, does he repine.

    ^ General characteristics are hot and humid though short summers, and long, cold and clear winters.

    ^ But the variation of the thermometer in winter and summer being considerableas much as 72 F. in Tokyothe climate proves somewhat trying to persons of weak constitution.

    .Precipitation is light.
  • Seto Inland Sea: The mountains of the Chūgoku and Shikoku regions shelter the region from the seasonal winds, bringing mild weather throughout the year.
  • Pacific Ocean: The east coast experiences cold winters with little snowfall and hot, humid summers because of the southeast seasonal wind.
  • Ryukyu Islands: The Ryukyu Islands have a subtropical climate, with warm winters and hot summers.^ But in the mountainous provinces of the interior and in those along the western coast, deep snow covers the ground throughout the whole winter, and the sky is usually wrapped in a veil of clouds.

    ^ General characteristics are hot and humid though short summers, and long, cold and clear winters.

    ^ The intervening sea being comparatively warm, this wind arrives at Japan having its temperature increased and carrying moisture which it deposits as snow on the western faces of the Japanese mountains.

    .Precipitation is very heavy, especially during the rainy season.^ During the seasonal periods of heavy rainfall and typhoons, flooding becomes a major problem.
    • Japan Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Japan 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Typhoons are common.
The highest temperature ever measured in Japan—40.9 °C (105.6 °F)—was recorded on August 16, 2007.[60]
.The main rainy season begins in early May in Okinawa, and the stationary rain front responsible for this gradually works its way north until it dissipates in northern Japan before reaching Hokkaidō in late July.^ It was not until the triumph of the northern dynasty was achieved through the prowess of an interested champion of the Ashikaga clan that the culture of ancient Japan revived.

^ There are three wet seasons in Japan: the first, from the middle of April to the beginning of May; the second, from the middle of June to the beginning of July; and the third, from early in September to early in October.

^ There is no sat?sfactory theory as to the route by which the Mongols reached Japan, but it is scarcely possible to doubt that they found their way thither at one time.

.In most of Honshū, the rainy season begins before the middle of June and lasts about six weeks.^ There are three wet seasons in Japan: the first, from the middle of April to the beginning of May; the second, from the middle of June to the beginning of July; and the third, from early in September to early in October.

^ Last week some of Barack Obama's critics were upset that he ducked a question in Japan about whether he approved of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

^ Troy Hogg Rain, rain, go away......The month of June signals the beginning of the rainy season in Japan.

In late summer and early autumn, typhoons often bring heavy rain.[59]
Japan is home to nine forest ecoregions which reflect the climate and geography of the islands. .They range from subtropical moist broadleaf forests in the Ryūkyū and Bonin islands, to temperate broadleaf and mixed forests in the mild climate regions of the main islands, to temperate coniferous forests in the cold, winter portions of the northern islands.^ According to a comparison made by A. Gray with regard to the numbers of genera and species respectively represented in the forest trees of four regions of the northern hemisphere , the following is the case: .

^ In all the regions of the main island southward of this belt the only mountains of conspicuous altitude are Omine (6169 ft.

^ In the northern half of the main island, in Yezo and in the Kuriles, the cold is severe during the winter, which lasts for at least four months, and snow falls sometimes to great depths.

[61]

Environment

.Japan's environmental history and current policies reflect a balance between economic development and environmental protection.^ CIA World Fact Book Japan The BBC Country profile Japan provides an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of Japan.
  • The Japanese Stock Market and Economy. 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.site-by-site.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Hawaii is a place which has complicated history between Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Kyoto Protocol was used to establish a public image of Japan as a developed nation on the environmental affairs before conducting weather terrorism.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the rapid economic growth after World War II, environmental policies were downplayed by the government and industrial corporations.^ I was surprised when I found some web sites relating the first change of government since the end of World War II under Hosokawa administration.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan took advantage of the global confusion during World War II and expanded its battle line.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You may think that, during World War II, France was included in the Allied Powers.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.As an inevitable consequence, some crucial environmental pollution (see Pollution in Japan) occurred in the 1950s and 1960s.^ July 19 N. Korea warns Japan of consequences if it presses abduction issue (See Note 2).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, in Japan, when we see some such books, they are usually books of full of compliments and decoration.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this sense, Japan might have reached some important goals at the war (See Note 4).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

In the rising concern over the problem, the government introduced many environmental protection laws[62] in 1970 and established the Ministry of the Environment in 1971.
.The Oil crisis in 1973 also encouraged the efficient use of energy due to Japan's lack of natural resources.^ Japanese nature nor yet of Buddhist teaching, but is due to the stress of endeavouring to reach the standards of Western acquirement with grievously inadequate equipment, opportunities and resources.

^ From the Gulf crisis through The Gulf War, oil prices skyrocketed and hit bitterly the Japan's bubble economy.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[63] .Current priority environmental issues include urban air pollution (NOx, suspended particulate matter, toxics), waste management, water eutrophication, nature conservation, climate change, chemical management and international co-operation for environmental conservation.^ We offer international volunteer work programs in Education, Wildlife and Environmental Conservation and Community Development.
  • Bloglines | New Blogs 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC my.bloglines.com [Source type: General]

^ Most major environmental disruptions and natural disasters are caused by weather terrorism, though there are some natural environmental changes.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But on the other hand; "The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) says the world's changing climate poses a grave risk to one third of its forests.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[64]
.Today Japan is one of the world's leaders in the development of new environment-friendly technologies.^ Japan was very busy on that day for the selection of world's seven new wonders.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The government hopes that this technology will lead to the development of phaser weapons and photon torpedoes to launch a new industry in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The highway between his stronghold, Kamakura, and the imperial city, KiOto, began in his time to develop features which ultimately entitled it to be called one of the finest roads in the world.

Honda and Toyota hybrid electric vehicles were named to have the highest fuel economy and lowest emissions.[65] This is due to the advanced technology in hybrid systems, biofuels, use of lighter weight material and better engineering.
.Japan also takes issues surrounding climate change and global warming seriously.^ Environment ministers from around the world are meeting in Bali to decide what are the next steps to take in the fight against climate change on December 3.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This seems as if Japan tries to ignore the Bali Conference on Climate Change (See Note 9).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan tries to distract people's attention by relating the damage, caused by the environmental terrorism, to the global warming phenomena.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a signatory of the Kyoto Protocol, and host of the 1997 conference which created it, Japan is under treaty obligations to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions and to take other steps related to curbing climate change.^ In 1997, Kyoto Protocol was adopted to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Forests are threatened by climate change, so countries should not rely on them to soak up carbon dioxide", it says.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I was surprised when I found some web sites relating the first change of government since the end of World War II under Hosokawa administration.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Cool Biz campaign introduced under former Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi was targeted at reducing energy use through the reduction of air conditioning use in government offices.^ Former prime minister Koizumi once called them "winners and losers".
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan tried to convince the Bush administration that there were no alternative prime minister other than Mr. Koizumi.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Note 6)-- July 24: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wajed requested government bureaucrats and non-government organizations to cooperate with the government at the disaster emergency committee.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Japan is preparing to force industry to make big cuts in greenhouse gases, taking the lead in a country struggling to meet its Kyoto Protocol obligations.^ The government hopes that this technology will lead to the development of phaser weapons and photon torpedoes to launch a new industry in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This means that it takes about 30 minutes to make a rainfall though everything is prepared well enough.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan is an underdeveloped country === Among advanced countries, Japan may be the only country in which people neither can meet nor can send letters to the public safety commissioners.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[66]
.Japan is ranked 30th best in the world in the Environmental Sustainability Index.^ Japan has been admired as the safest country with the best policemen in the world.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[67]

Economy

The Tokyo Stock Exchange is the world's second largest stock exchange.
From 1868, the Meiji period launched economic expansion. Meiji rulers embraced the concept of a free market economy and adopted British and North American forms of free enterprise capitalism. .Japanese went to study overseas and Western scholars were hired to teach in Japan.^ Japan can use its influence with overseas providers through ODA, investment and Japanese companies.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have had suspicion about the cause of earthquakes that took place in Japan since I studied related Japanese history.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Many of today's enterprises were founded at the time. .Japan emerged as the most developed nation in Asia.^ Since most national holidays in Japan had been related to the imperial family, the Allies carried out court procedures on the days.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On this day Japan also celebrated its own foundation because this day was also Japan's most important national holiday, the National Foundation Day..
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On this day Japan also celebrated its own foundation because this day was also Japan's most important national holiday, the National Foundation Day.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

From the 1960s to the 1980s, overall real economic growth has been called a "Japanese miracle": a 10% average in the 1960s, a 5% average in the 1970s and a 4% average in the 1980s.[68] .Growth slowed markedly in the 1990s during what the Japanese call the Lost Decade, largely because of the after-effects of Japanese asset price bubble and domestic policies intended to wring speculative excesses from the stock and real estate markets.^ This is called go-no-me-namako, because of its resemblance to the disposition of chequers in the Japanese game of go.

^ You may think that you don't know the reality with it in Japan because you are not Japanese.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Japanese government really hope that developing countries continue to lag behind for ever, because its aim is to become the world No.1 country.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Government efforts to revive economic growth met with little success and were further hampered by the global slowdown in 2000.[69] .The economy showed strong signs of recovery after 2005. GDP growth for that year was 2.8%, with an annualized fourth quarter expansion of 5.5%, surpassing the growth rates of the US and European Union during the same period.^ The larger towns, their populations and the growth of the latter during the five-year period commencing with 1898 were as follow: URnAN POPULATIONS .

^ It was calculated that this redemption would be effected in a period of 32 years, after which the annual profit accruing to the state from the lines would be 51/8 millions sterling.

^ The meteorological record for ten years ended 1905 shows a total of 120 typhoons, being an average of 12 annually.

[70]
.As of 2009, Japan is the second largest economy in the world,[71] after the United States, at around US$5 trillion in terms of nominal GDP[71] and third after the United States and China in terms of purchasing power parity.^ A slew of films featuring this episode have been made recently in both China and the United States.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are three wet seasons in Japan: the first, from the middle of April to the beginning of May; the second, from the middle of June to the beginning of July; and the third, from early in September to early in October.

^ This, the deepest sea- bed in the world, is called the Tuscarora Deep, after the name of the United States man-of-war which made the survey.

[72] .Banking, insurance, real estate, retailing, transportation, telecommunications and construction are all major industries.^ Transport and Communications Land Transportation Marine Transportation Air Transportation Warehousing & Harbor Transportation Services Communication Commerce Wholesale Trade Retail Trade Finance & Insurance Banks Securities Insurance Other Financial Business Real Estate Services .
  • The Japanese Stock Market and Economy. 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.site-by-site.com [Source type: Reference]

[73] .Japan has a large industrial capacity and is home to some of the largest, leading and most technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles and processed foods.^ The government hopes that this technology will lead to the development of phaser weapons and photon torpedoes to launch a new industry in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yamato and her sister ship Musashi were the largest, heaviest, and most powerful battleships ever constructed, weighing 72,802 tons at full load (See Note 2).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, if Japan crosses the line, it would never be able to come back as a leading advanced country.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[69] The service sector accounts for three quarters of the gross domestic product.
Osaka Castle and Osaka Business Park district of Osaka. The majority of Japan's economy is service sector based.
As of 2001, Japan's shrinking labor force consisted of some 67 million workers.[74] Japan has a low unemployment rate, around 4%. .Japan's GDP per hour worked is the world's 19th highest as of 2007.[75] The Big Mac Index shows that Japanese workers get the highest salary per hour in the world.^ In the beginning of the 19th century worked ShOkwasai, who frequently collaborated with the metal-worker Shibayama, encrusting his lacquer with small decorations in metal by the latter.

^ But, in reality, the world has changed and this kind of intimidation and insinuation would not work as Japan expects.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their work shows much promise, but like all fine specimens of the Sino-Japanese school, the prices are too high to attract wide custom.

Some of the largest enterprises in Japan include Toyota, Nintendo, NTT DoCoMo, Canon, Honda, Takeda Pharmaceutical, Sony, Nippon Steel, Tepco, Mitsubishi and 711.[76] It is home to some of the world's largest banks, and the Tokyo Stock Exchange (known for its Nikkei 225 and Topix indices) stands as the second largest in the world by market capitalization.[77] Japan is home to 326 companies from the Forbes Global 2000 or 16.3% (as of 2006).
.Japan ranks 12th of 178 countries in the Ease of Doing Business Index 2008 and it has one of the smallest governments in the developed world.^ The world would finally allow the Japanese government to equip itself with nuclear arms, as North Korea has nuclear arms and threaten Japan with the weapons.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The government hopes that this technology will lead to the development of phaser weapons and photon torpedoes to launch a new industry in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The highway between his stronghold, Kamakura, and the imperial city, KiOto, began in his time to develop features which ultimately entitled it to be called one of the finest roads in the world.

.Japanese variant of capitalism has many distinct features.^ C. 1773) and Tsukioka Tange (1717-1786), the latter of whom made the drawings for many of the meish or guidebooks which form so interesting and distinctive a branch of Japanese illustration.

^ Jul 15, 2007, 15:19 ===== July 14th =============== Though I'm not sure why Japanese sticks to something so much, Japan's terrorism has distinctive features.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Keiretsu enterprises are influential. Lifetime employment and seniority-based career advancement are relatively common in Japanese work environment.[78][79] .Japanese companies are known for management methods such as "The Toyota Way". Shareholder activism is rare.^ Social Security Plan and Foreign Assistance Japanese companies organize charities such as donations, for sure, but they are part of benefit maximization.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While I have to admit, cherry has written a wonderful story, it is missing some key points - such as there is no known way to cause earthquakes, even in theory.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[80] .Recently, Japan has moved away from some of these norms.^ In Japan, some earthquakes took place on Sundays, recently, too.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[81][82] .In the Index of Economic Freedom, Japan is the 5th most laissez-faire of 30 Asian countries.^ FT Country Report: Japan - September 30 2002 OECD Member Profile Japan: English .
  • The Japanese Stock Market and Economy. 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.site-by-site.com [Source type: Reference]

^ CIA World Fact Book Japan The BBC Country profile Japan provides an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of Japan.
  • The Japanese Stock Market and Economy. 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.site-by-site.com [Source type: Reference]

^ It was a matter of time before other Asian countries caught up with Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[83]
Toyota Prius, a hybrid electric vehicle. Automobiles and electronics constitute a large proportion of Japanese exports.
.Japan's exports amounted to 4,210 U.S. dollars per capita in 2005. Japan's main export markets are the United States 22.8%, the European Union 14.5%, China 14.3%, South Korea 7.8%, Taiwan 6.8% and Hong Kong 5.6% (for 2006).^ Formosa and the Pescadores were ceded to Japan by China after the war of 1894-1895, and the southern half of Sakhalinthe part south of 500 N.was added to Japan by cession from Russia in 1905.

^ A slew of films featuring this episode have been made recently in both China and the United States.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, about the year 1865, there commenced an export of enamels which had no prototypes in Japan, being destined frankly for European and American collectors.

Japan's main exports are transportation equipment, motor vehicles, electronics, electrical machinery and chemicals.[69] .Japan's main import markets are China 20.5%, U.S. 12.0%, the European Union 10.3%, Saudi Arabia 6.4%, UAE 5.5%, Australia 4.8%, South Korea 4.7% and Indonesia 4.2% (for 2006).^ Japanese death toll was 3.1 million, the US death toll was 290,000 On the other hand, the death tolls of Soviet Union, China, Germany, Poland and Indonesia were 23 million, 20 million, 7 million, 5 million and 4 million, respectively.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From February 17th to 23rd, 2002, President Bush officially visited Japan, South Korea, and China.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ South Korea was catching up Japan in some industries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Japan's main imports are machinery and equipment, fossil fuels, foodstuffs (in particular beef), chemicals, textiles and raw materials for its industries.[84] By market share measures, domestic markets are the least open of any OECD country.[79] .Junichiro Koizumi administration commenced some pro-competition reforms and foreign investment in Japan has soared recently.^ Japan tried to convince the Bush administration that there were no alternative prime minister other than Mr. Koizumi.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Japan, some earthquakes took place on Sundays, recently, too.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ May 22, 2007, 21:50 Recommendations by the government of Japan to the government of the uninted states regarding regulartory reform and competition policy.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[85]
.Japan's business culture has many indigenous concepts such as the nemawashi, the nenko system, the salaryman, and the office lady.^ Japan has had such history for many years.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Japan's housing market is characterized by limited land supply in urban areas. .This is particularly true for Tokyo, the world's largest urban agglomeration GDP. More than half of Japanese live in suburbs or more rural areas, where detached houses are the dominant housing type.^ There is no more polite nation in the world than the Japanese.

^ Thus it results that Japanese poems are, for the most part, impressionist; they suggest a great deal more than they actually express.

^ It is true that the Japanese are shorter in stature than either the Chinese or the Koreans.

Agricultural businesses in Japan often utilize a system of terrace farming and crop yields are high. 13% of Japan's land is cultivated. .Japan accounts for nearly 15% of the global fish catch, second only to China.^ China and Japan exists only in the artists imagination.

[69] Japan's agricultural sector is protected at high cost.[86]

Infrastructure

As of 2005, one half of energy in Japan is produced from petroleum, a fifth from coal, and 14% from natural gas.[87] .Nuclear power produces a quarter of Japan's electricity.^ Japan wish it would be a nuclear super power.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[88]
High speed Shinkansen or Bullet trains are a common form of transportation in Japan.
Japan's road spending has been large.[89] The 1.2 million kilometers of paved road are the main means of transportation.[90] Japan has left-hand traffic. .A single network of high-speed, divided, limited-access toll roads connects major cities and are operated by toll-collecting enterprises.^ Roads connecting noted localities with the chief town of such neighborhoods, or leading to seaports convenient of access.

^ Roads connecting the head offices of cities and prefectures with their branch offices.

New and used cars are inexpensive. Car ownership fees and fuel levies are used to promote energy-efficiency. .However, at just 50% of all distance travelled, car usage is the lowest of all G8 countries.^ Way, way back in Buddhist history, in its home country of India, monks did not reside in one place but travelled all over the country.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[91]
.Dozens of Japanese railway companies compete in regional and local passenger transportation markets; for instance, 7 JR enterprises, Kintetsu Corporation, Seibu Railway and Keio Corporation.^ In 1997, its construction began by Kajima Corporation, a Japanese construction company, and was completed in December, 2001 (See Note 3).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jun 1, 2007, 22:36 Bechtel Corporation I think this company had a relation with them mining , boring and etc I think those Conspiracy were not Japanese one.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Seibu Railway Company Ltd.
  • The Japanese Stock Market and Economy. 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.site-by-site.com [Source type: Reference]

Often, strategies of these enterprises contain real estate or department stores next to stations. .Some 250 high-speed Shinkansen trains connect major cities.^ Though Kobe was a major city, some opposition party politicians complained that there had been no ruling party politicians in Kobe at that moment.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Japanese trains are known for their punctuality.[92]
.There are 173 airports and flying is a popular way to travel between cities.^ By the way, there was a funny episode between Bill Clinton and Japanese former prime minister Yoshiro Mori (See Note 8).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The largest domestic airport, Haneda Airport, is Asia's busiest airport.^ (August 12, 1985) Japan Airlines Flight 123 was a JAL domestic flight from Tokyo International Airport in Haneda to Osaka International Airport in Itami.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The largest international gateways are Narita International Airport (Tokyo area), Kansai International Airport (Osaka/Kobe/Kyoto area) and Chūbu Centrair International Airport (Nagoya area).^ (August 12, 1985) Japan Airlines Flight 123 was a JAL domestic flight from Tokyo International Airport in Haneda to Osaka International Airport in Itami.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All Nippon Airways Flight 61 === ANA Flight 61 is a flight from Tokyo International Airport to New Chitose Airport in Hokkaido, Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Timeline of the Incident On June 22, 1985, the bags of a passenger named L. Singh were checked in at Vancouver for Canadian Pacific Airlines (CP Air) 003 to New Tokyo International Airport (now Narita International Airport) in Narita, Japan, near Tokyo.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

The largest ports include Nagoya Port.

Science and technology

Press release photo of the most recent Honda ASIMO model.
.Japan is one of the leading nations in the fields of scientific research, particularly technology, machinery and biomedical research.^ The government hopes that this technology will lead to the development of phaser weapons and photon torpedoes to launch a new industry in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But Japan, neglecting their hope, designated one national holiday, related to the imperial family, after another.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) suspended its national TV programs more than one hour and people in other areas didn't know what had happened.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nearly 700,000 researchers share a US$130 billion research and development budget, the third largest in the world.^ Kumamoto; for, though the highest of its five peaks has an altitude of only 5545 ft., it boasts the largest crater in the world, with walls nearly 2000 ft.

[93] .Japan is a world leader in fundamental scientific research, having produced thirteen Nobel laureates in either physics, chemistry or medicine,[94] three Fields medalists[95] and one Gauss Prize laureate.^ At the Nobel Prize award ceremony, laureates have to wear tailcoat.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ CeramicsAll research proves that up to the 12th century of the Christian era the ceramic ware produced in Japan was of a very rude character.

^ The art was one of imperfect evolution, but for thirteen centuries it was the only living pictorial art in the world, and the Chinese deserve the honor of having created landscape painting.

[96]
.Some of Japan's more prominent technological contributions are found in the fields of electronics, automobiles, machinery, earthquake engineering, industrial robotics, optics, chemicals, semiconductors and metals.^ Virtually every literary magnate of the Occident has found one or more interpreters in modern Japan.

^ In Japan, some earthquakes took place on Sundays, recently, too.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kobe earthquake as it is more commonly known overseas, was an earthquake in Japan that measured 6.9[1] to 7.3[2] on the Richter magnitude scale.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Japan leads the world in robotics production and use, possessing more than half (402,200 of 742,500) of the world's industrial robots used for manufacturing.^ The government hopes that this technology will lead to the development of phaser weapons and photon torpedoes to launch a new industry in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no more polite nation in the world than the Japanese.

^ Besides, Japanese people put family names first and use them far more than their given names, which are often forgotten by many.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[97] It also produced QRIO, ASIMO and AIBO. .Japan is the world's largest producer of automobiles[98] and home to four of the world's fifteen largest automobile manufacturers and seven of the world's twenty largest semiconductor sales leaders as of today.^ Japan was very busy on that day for the selection of world's seven new wonders.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) is Japan's space agency that conducts space and planetary research, aviation research, and development of rockets and satellites.^ The Kyoto Protocol was used to establish a public image of Japan as a developed nation on the environmental affairs before conducting weather terrorism.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

It is a participant in the International Space Station and the Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo) was added to the International Space Station during Space Shuttle assembly flights in 2008.[99] It has plans in space exploration, such as launching the Venus Climate Orbiter (PLANET-C) in 2010,[100][101] developing the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter to be launched in 2013,[102][103] and building a moonbase by 2030.[104]
On September 14, 2007, it launched lunar orbit explorer "SELENE" (Selenological and Engineering Explorer) on an H-IIA (Model H2A2022) carrier rocket from Tanegashima Space Center. SELENE is also known as Kaguya, the lunar princess of the ancient folktale The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter.[105] Kaguya is the largest lunar probe mission since the Apollo program. Its mission is to gather data on the moon's origin and evolution. .It entered into a lunar orbit on October 4,[106][107] flying in a lunar orbit at an altitude of about 100 km (62 mi).^ Malaya Vishera is located about 300 miles (500 km) northeast of Moscow, or about 100 miles (160 km) southwest of St. Petersburg.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then, some bureaucrats recommended that the crash site should be within the electoral district of the then prime minister, Nakasone, about 100 km northwest of Tokyo.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[108]

Demographics

A view of Shibuya crossing, an example of Tokyo's often crowded streets.
Greater Tokyo Area is the world's most populous metropolitan area with about 35 million people.
.Japan's population is estimated at around 127.3 million.^ Brazil is the Latin American country that has received the most ethnic Japanese immigrants, as well having the largest Japanese population outside of Japan, numbering an estimate of more than 1.5 million considerably bigger than that of the 1.2 million in the United States.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[109] .Japanese society is linguistically and culturally homogeneous with small populations of foreign workers.^ Japanese know that they will be bullied in their society if they say in favor of foreigners such as Koreans, Chinese, Americans and British.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I thought that most Japanese and some pro-Japanese foreigners knew harakiri-related culture well.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[110] .Zainichi Koreans,[111] Zainichi Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese Brazilians,[112] Japanese Peruvians are amongst the small minorities resident in Japan.^ General Association of Korean Residents in Japan after the deal was revealed, the sources said.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even nowadays, you hear that some rogue Chinese and Koreans are said to commit serious crimes in Japan, but most of the cases, their news are just exaggerations and such people were often masterminded by more rogue Japanese.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Physical Characteristics.The best authorities are agreed that the Japanese people do not differ physically from their Korean and Chinese neighbors as much as the inhabitants of northern Europe differ from those of southern Europe.

[113] .In 2003, there were about 136,000 Western expatriates in Japan.^ Thus, about the year 1865, there commenced an export of enamels which had no prototypes in Japan, being destined frankly for European and American collectors.

^ For the past about 20 years, there was only one poisoning case in Japan: the mass poisoning of people celebrating a festival in the western town of Sonobe in July 25, 1998 (See Note 3).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Towns.There are in Japan 23 towns having a population of over 50,000, and there are 76 having a population of over 20,000.

[114] The most dominant native ethnic group is the Yamato people; the primary minority groups include the indigenous Ainu[115] and Ryukyuan, as well as social minority groups like the burakumin.[116]
.Japan has one of the highest life expectancy rates in the world, at 81.25 years of age as of 2006.[117] The Japanese population is rapidly aging, the effect of a post-war baby boom followed by a decrease in births in the latter part of the twentieth century.^ The so-called dark age of Japanese literature was not entirely unproductive: it gave the drama (No) to Japan.

^ The period from the early part of the 14th century to the opening of the 17th is generally regarded as the dark age of Japanese literature.

^ Smokers in their 70s have higher rates of life expectancy than non-smokers in their 70s have.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

In 2004, about 19.5% of the population was over the age of 65.[118]
.The changes in the demographic structure have created a number of social issues, particularly a potential decline in the workforce population and increases in the cost of social security benefits such as the public pension plan.^ Social Security Plan and Foreign Assistance Japanese companies organize charities such as donations, for sure, but they are part of benefit maximization.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the same way, social security plan and foreign assistance are planned by the government in consideration of cost-effectiveness.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Public Security Intelligence Agency and Japan Federation of Bar Associations PSIA always tries to create spy networks within enemy organizations (nations) and to get intelligence.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many Japanese youth are increasingly preferring not to marry or have families as adults.^ Besides, Japanese people put family names first and use them far more than their given names, which are often forgotten by many.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[119] Japan's population is expected to drop to 100 million by 2050 and to 64 million by 2100.[118] Demographers and government planners are currently in a heated debate over how to cope with this problem.[119] Immigration and birth incentives are sometimes suggested as a solution to provide younger workers to support the nation's aging population.[120][121]
.Japan suffers from a very high suicide rate.^ Japan was thus enriched with two works of very high merit, the Genji Mono galari (c.

[122][123] In 2009, the number of suicides exceeded 30,000 for the twelfth straight year.[124] Suicide is the leading cause of death for people under 30.[125]
Largest cities of Japan
  Core City Prefecture Population     Core City Prefecture Population
1 Tokyo Tokyo 8,483,050 Sapporo
Sapporo
Kyoto
Kyoto
8 Fukuoka Fukuoka 1,450,149
2 Yokohama Kanagawa 3,579,133 9 Kawasaki Kanagawa 1,327,009
3 Osaka Osaka 2,628,776 10 Saitama Saitama 1,176,269
4 Nagoya Aichi 2,215,031 11 Hiroshima Hiroshima 1,159,391
5 Sapporo Hokkaidō 1,880,875 12 Sendai Miyagi 1,028,214
6 Kobe Hyōgo 1,525,389 13 Kitakyushu Fukuoka 993,483
7 Kyoto Kyoto 1,465,917 14 Chiba Chiba 924,353
Source: 2005 Census

Religion in Japan

.The highest estimates for the number of Buddhists and Shintoists in Japan is 84–96%, representing a large number of believers in a syncretism of both religions.^ We decided to publish this editorial about the Marco Polo Bridge Incident on July 7 because we believe this year has special significance for both Japan and China.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jun 6, 2007, 17:01 ■Yasukuni Shrine and Religions in Japan (2) Buddhist temples From the early 17th century to the late 19th century, Japan was governed by the samurai administration.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[10][126] .However, these estimates are based on people with an association with a temple, rather than the number of people truly following the religion.^ This meant that sects were attached to temples, and the danka to those temples, removing the freedom for temples and common people from changing sects or religions.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PURPOSE (1) to increase the number of people who blindly follow the government including the voting in the elections.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These people are, unfortunately, in the majority for now, but their numbers are decreasing and as long as it remains so we will keep getting what we have always gotten.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[127] Professor Robert Kisala (Nanzan University) suggests that only 30 percent of the population identify themselves as belonging to a religion.[127]
.Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism from China have also influenced Japanese beliefs and customs.^ There were two epochs in Japani study of the Chinese language first, the epoch when she received Confucianism through Korea; and, secondly, the epoch when sh began to study Buddhism direct from China.

.Religion in Japan tends to be syncretic in nature, and this results in a variety of practices, such as parents and children celebrating Shinto rituals, students praying before exams, couples holding a wedding at a Christian church and funerals being held at Buddhist temples.^ They also banned the creation of new religions to keep the existing sects under control, and by forcing the people to belong to a Buddhist temple they could begin to control the "Christian" problem that they perceived as a threat to their control.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From 1868 to 1945, when Japan surrendered to the Allied Forces, Buddhist temples ardently supported Yasukuni Shrine and Japan's fascism.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the feudal period, Buddhist temples often held many warriors and fought samurai warriors and each other for non-religious reasons.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

A minority (2,595,397, or 2.04%) profess to Christianity.[128] .In addition, since the mid-19th century, numerous religious sects (Shinshūkyō) have emerged in Japan, such as Tenrikyo and Aum Shinrikyo (or Aleph).^ Jun 6, 2007, 17:01 ■Yasukuni Shrine and Religions in Japan (2) Buddhist temples From the early 17th century to the late 19th century, Japan was governed by the samurai administration.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aum Shinrikyo and Bank of Japan March 20th in 1995 is a critical day for both organizations.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The same thing happening in Japan, with temples not being attached to one sect and open to all (such as Shitennoji).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Languages in Japan

.More than 99% of the population speaks Japanese as their first language.^ Thus it results that Japanese poems are, for the most part, impressionist; they suggest a great deal more than they actually express.

^ Asian providers take the side of the Japanese government much more than Japanese providers do.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no more polite nation in the world than the Japanese.

[109] It is an agglutinative language distinguished by a system of honorifics reflecting the hierarchical nature of Japanese society, with verb forms and particular vocabulary which indicate the relative status of speaker and listener. .According to a Japanese dictionary Shinsen-kokugojiten, Chinese-based words make up 49.1% of the total vocabulary, indigenous words are 33.8% and other loanwords are 8.8%.^ In 1947, the Japanese word that was frequently used to mean "family origin" was "monchi" or "門地" in the Chinese character.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, in fine, each word cam to have three soundstwo Chinese, known as the ken and the go and one Japanese, known as the kun.

^ In other words, a suitable design is chiselled in the metal base so as to be visible through Translucid the diaphanous enamel.

[129]
.The writing system uses kanji (Chinese characters) and two sets of kana (syllabaries based on simplified Chinese characters), as well as the Latin alphabet and Arabic numerals.^ Now most Japanese use "kazoku" or "家族" in Chinese character as the alternative Japanese word.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1947, the Japanese word that was frequently used to mean "family origin" was "monchi" or "門地" in the Chinese character.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Ryukyuan languages, also part of the Japonic language family to which Japanese belongs, are spoken in Okinawa, but few children learn these languages.^ The history of Kito warewhich, being for the most part faience , belongs to an entirely different category from the Hizen porcelains K -~ spoken of aboveis the history of individual ceramists 10 0.

^ Large amount of financial assets of Japanese major companies, wealthy families and celebrities can be regarded as part of backdoor money of the Japanese government.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[130] The Ainu language is moribund, with only a few elderly native speakers remaining in Hokkaidō.[131] .Most public and private schools require students to take courses in both Japanese and English.^ I have been really surprised that WIKIPEDIA offers different contents both in English and Japanese.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These students, confronted by i strong reaction in favor of pure Japanese art, have fought manfully to win public sympathy, and though their success is not yet crowned, it is not impossible that an Occidental school may ultimately be established.

[132]

Education and health

The Yasuda Auditorium of University of Tokyo, one of Japan's most prestigious universities.
.Primary, secondary schools and universities were introduced into Japan in 1872 as a result of the Meiji Restoration.^ Kagoshima and the underground community in Japan Samurais in Kagoshima (See Note 1) and Yamaguchi (See Note 2) pushed ahead modernization and westernization of Japan through Meiji Restoration in 1868 (See Note 3).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After graduating from a senior high school in Tokyo, Shigenobu entered Kikkoman Corporation but she studied in the evening session of Meiji University as well.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After graduating from a senior high school in Tokyo, Shigenobu entered Kikkoman Corporation (See Note 3) but she studied in the evening session of Meiji University (See Note 4) as well.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[133] .Since 1947, compulsory education in Japan consists of elementary school and middle school, which lasts for nine years (from age 6 to age 15).^ In her nine years at Education Week, Catherine Gewertz has written primarily about urban education.
  • Bloglines | New Blogs 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC my.bloglines.com [Source type: General]

Almost all children continue their education at a three-year senior high school, and, according to the MEXT, about 75.9% of high school graduates attend a university, junior college, trade school, or other post-secondary institution in 2005.[134]
Japan's education is very competitive,[135] especially for entrance to institutions of higher education. .The two top-ranking universities in Japan are the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University.^ Ware manufactured by his direction at the Tokyo school of technique (shokk gakk), under the name of asahi-yaki, ranks among the interesting productions of modern Japan.

[136][137] The Programme for International Student Assessment coordinated by the OECD, currently ranks Japanese knowledge and skills of 15-year-olds as the 6th best in the world.[138]
.In Japan, healthcare services are provided by national and local governments.^ According to the Fourth Comprehensive National Development Plan, adopted by the Government in 1987, comprehensive seashore-utilization plans are prepared at the initiative of the local authorities with the assistance of the Government.
  • Country Profile - Japan 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Among Asian countries, Japan has built Internet network systems in which providers affiliated with the Japanese government censor internet content on behalf of the Japanese government.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Adoption service providers in Japan are prohibited from receiving donations before the completion of the adoption process, and a donation may not be a condition for providing services.
  • Country Specific Information for japan.htm 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC adoption.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Payment for personal medical services is offered through a universal health care insurance system that provides relative equality of access, with fees set by a government committee.^ The government provides universal health care for all citizens, including children.
  • Japan 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All covered medical procedures are ranked by complexity, and neither geographic location, the institutional setting (e.g., type of hospital or ambulatory care), the qualification of the provider, nor the actual cost of the service are considered in this rating system.
  • Japan's Universal and Affordable Health Care: Lessons for the United States? 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.nyu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Visa Information Service, operated by TeleTech Government Solutions, LLC in partnership with Computer Science Corporation (CSC), provides an operator-assisted service between 8:00 and 18:00, Monday through Friday (except on American and Japanese holidays).

.People without insurance through employers can participate in a national health insurance program administered by local governments.^ Major Groups: The Government, local authorities and private organizations cooperate to contribute to the stabilization of peoples's living standards and the enhancement of social welfare.
  • Country Profile - Japan 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

^ When the elderly were first covered under national health insurance in 1961, their copayments were set at 50 percent of the allowed fees.
  • Japan's Universal and Affordable Health Care: Lessons for the United States? 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.nyu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ According to the Fourth Comprehensive National Development Plan, adopted by the Government in 1987, comprehensive seashore-utilization plans are prepared at the initiative of the local authorities with the assistance of the Government.
  • Country Profile - Japan 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.un.org [Source type: Academic]

.Since 1973, all elderly persons have been covered by government-sponsored insurance.^ When the elderly were first covered under national health insurance in 1961, their copayments were set at 50 percent of the allowed fees.
  • Japan's Universal and Affordable Health Care: Lessons for the United States? 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.nyu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ After the Russo-Japanese War(1904-1905), The Japanese government ordered all the life insurance companies to pay the life insurance to injured and dead soldiers.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the exception of mutual aid associations for government employees, all insurance plans receive some form of government subsidy.
  • Japan's Universal and Affordable Health Care: Lessons for the United States? 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.nyu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[139] Patients are free to select physicians or facilities of their choice.[140]

Culture and recreation

.Japanese culture has evolved greatly over the years, from the country's original Jōmon culture to its contemporary culture, which combines influences from Asia, Europe and North America.^ Commentary on Politics & Culture in New York's North Country region http://mayorgraham.blogspot.com/ .
  • Bloglines | New Blogs 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC my.bloglines.com [Source type: General]

.Traditional Japanese arts include crafts (ikebana, origami, ukiyo-e, dolls, lacquerware, pottery), performances (bunraku, dance, kabuki, noh, rakugo), traditions (games, tea ceremony, Budō, architecture, gardens, swords) and cuisine.^ There is another remarkable feature of the Japanese gardeners art.

.The fusion of traditional woodblock printing and Western art led to the creation of manga, a typically Japanese comic book format that is now popular within and outside Japan.^ Most Japanese victims were killed for other reasons, including torture and mass suicide within Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His greatest production in book-illustration was the Mangwa, a collection of sketches which cover the whole ground of Japanese life and legend, art and handicraft.

^ Public Security Intelligence Agency and Japan Federation of Bar Associations PSIA always tries to create spy networks within enemy organizations (nations) and to get intelligence.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[141] Manga-influenced animation for television and film is called anime. Japanese-made video game consoles have prospered since the 1980s.[142]
The number of Shinto shrines in Japan is estimated to be around 100,000
.Japanese music is eclectic, having borrowed instruments, scales and styles from neighboring cultures.^ Kano Motonobu (1477-1559) was one of the greatest Japanese painters, an eclectic of genius, who excelled in every style and every branch of his art.

Many instruments, such as the koto, were introduced in the ninth and tenth centuries. .The accompanied recitative of the Noh drama dates from the fourteenth century and the popular folk music, with the guitar-like shamisen, from the sixteenth.^ This difference is probably explained by the fact that the idea of thus modifying the Kagura had its origin in musical recitations from the semi-romantic semi-historical narratives of the 14th century.

[143] .Western classical music, introduced in the late nineteenth century, now forms an integral part of the culture.^ To women, indeed, from the 8th century onwards may be said to have been entrusted the guardianship of the pure Japanese language, the classical, or Chinese, form being adopted by men.

^ The number of such modern ninjas has increased and now they form part of stalker organizations.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As far as we can know now, a variety of money laundering has being made in the form of fraud, corruption, embezzlement and bribery since the fourteenth century.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Post-war Japan has been heavily influenced by American and European modern music, which has led to the evolution of popular band music called J-pop.^ Then, Japan attempted to weaken American influence.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the first post-war gathering of Japan's bishops in May 1946, the bishops decreed that Catholics henceforth were not allowed to go to shrines in either a private or a public capacity.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All the related nations including Japan and the US stop calling typhoons by the American names and agree to introduce the unified name table for the typhoon.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[144]
Karaoke is the most widely practiced cultural activity. .A November 1993 survey by the Cultural Affairs Agency found that more Japanese had sung karaoke that year than had participated in traditional cultural pursuits such as flower arranging or tea ceremonies.^ Sometimes, such conspiracies have been prepared for more than a year.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus it results that Japanese poems are, for the most part, impressionist; they suggest a great deal more than they actually express.

^ Asian providers take the side of the Japanese government much more than Japanese providers do.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[145]
.The earliest works of Japanese literature include two history books the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki and the eighth century poetry book Man'yōshū, all written in Chinese characters.^ Nothing is written in Japanese history books about what happened on that day.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For over a century, the Japanese Government has been working on a gargantuan seismic weapon with Nippon Heavy Industries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At all events, the earliest book now extant dates from 712.

[146] In the early days of the Heian period, the system of transcription known as kana (Hiragana and Katakana) was created as phonograms. The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter is considered the oldest Japanese narrative.[147] .An account of Heian court life is given by The Pillow Book written by Sei Shōnagon, while The Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki is often described as the world's first novel.^ Besides, Japanese people put family names first and use them far more than their given names, which are often forgotten by many.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Murasaki no Shikibuprobably a pseudonymwas the first novel composed in Japan.

.During the Edo period, literature became not so much the field of the samurai aristocracy as that of the chōnin, the ordinary people.^ They believe that Okinawans hate people in Kagoshima because of their exploitation of Okinawa's agricultural product during the feudal period.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Yomihon, for example, became popular and reveals this profound change in the readership and authorship.[147] .The Meiji era saw the decline of traditional literary forms, during which Japanese literature integrated Western influences.^ Traditional forms - - Western forms .
  • Japan -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Confucianism has deeply affected Japanese thought and was part of the generally significant influence that Chinese culture wielded on the formation of Japanese civilization (see Japanese architecture; Japanese art; Japanese literature).
  • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/world/countries/japan.html?nav=el 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although traditional East Asian medicine is still widely practiced, since the late nineteenth century, the dominant form of medicine has been Western-oriented biomedicine.
  • Culture of Japan - traditional, history, people, traditions, women, beliefs, food, family, social, marriage, men, life, immigrants, wedding, population, religion, rituals, History and ethnic relations 9 February 2010 14:52 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Natsume Sōseki and Mori Ōgai were the first "modern" novelists of Japan, followed by Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Yasunari Kawabata, Yukio Mishima and, more recently, Haruki Murakami.^ Recently, there are more bizarre events and news in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Virtually every literary magnate of the Occident has found one or more interpreters in modern Japan.

^ Somewhat more successful has been an attemptinaugurated by Hashimoto GahO and Kawabata Gyokushoto combine the art of the West with that of Japan by adding to the latter the chiaroscuro and the linear perspective of the former.

.Japan has two Nobel Prize-winning authors—Yasunari Kawabata (1968) and Kenzaburo Oe (1994).^ When I read the next morning's newspaper at a newspaper stack in a library, I found that the Nobel Prize was given to Mr. Kawabata on the same day.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His books were written before and during WWII. When he made a speech at the Nobel Prize award ceremony in 1968, the title of his speech was "Beautiful Japan".
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[147]

Sports

A sumo tournament at the Grand Tournament in Osaka.
Traditionally, sumo is considered Japan's national sport[148] and it is a popular spectator sport in Japan. Martial arts such as judo, karate and modern kendō are also widely practiced and enjoyed by spectators in the country. .After the Meiji Restoration, many Western sports were introduced in Japan and began to spread through the education system.^ Kagoshima and the underground community in Japan Samurais in Kagoshima (See Note 1) and Yamaguchi (See Note 2) pushed ahead modernization and westernization of Japan through Meiji Restoration in 1868 (See Note 3).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Meiji Restoration was successful thanks to the support of Western countries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do a search on "whale" and "cosmetics" and you'll find that through the 20th century, whale parts were used in many cosmetics I live in Japan for many years.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[149]
.The professional baseball league in Japan was established in 1936.[150] Today baseball is the most popular spectator sport in the country.^ Geology.It is a popular belief that the islands of Japan consist for the most part of volcanic rocks.

.One of the most famous Japanese baseball players is Ichiro Suzuki, who, having won Japan's Most Valuable Player award in 1994, 1995 and 1996, now plays for the Seattle Mariners of North American Major League Baseball.^ Hideki Matsui He is a Japanese major-league player (See Note 3).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At that time, most Japanese diplomats were government agents who expanded the networks of spies and sympathisers for Japan (See Note 7,8).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most Japanese think that even autocratic states in Africa have the same political system we have in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Prior to that, Sadaharu Oh was well-known outside Japan, having hit more home runs during his career in Japan than his contemporary, Hank Aaron, did in the United States.^ Textile Fabrics and Embroider yIn no branch of applied art does the decorative genius of Japan show more attractive results than in that of textile fabrics, and in none has there been more conspicuous progress during recent years.

^ The architect of private dwellings attached more importance to satin-surfaced boards and careful joinery than to any appearance of strength or solidity.

^ Corridors joined the principal hall to the subordinate edifices, for as yet the idea had not been conceived of having more than one chamber under the same roof.

.Since the establishment of the Japan Professional Football League in 1992, association football (soccer) has also gained a wide following.^ It was the only official visit by the prime minister since the end of WWII. After his official visit, there has been severe criticism in and around Japan and no prime ministers have dared to follow him.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[151] .Japan was a venue of the Intercontinental Cup from 1981 to 2004 and co-hosted the 2002 FIFA World Cup with South Korea.^ The world would finally allow the Japanese government to equip itself with nuclear arms, as North Korea has nuclear arms and threaten Japan with the weapons.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan made up Tama-chan seal hoopla after the death of the only white-finned dolphin in captivity in the world died in China in 2002.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On January 17, 1992, Miyazawa visited South Korea and made a formal apology about Japan's atrocity against comfort women during World War II though he was not demanded by South Korea.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Japan is one of the most successful soccer teams in Asia, winning the Asian Cup three times.^ It was a matter of time before other Asian countries caught up with Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At that time, most Japanese diplomats were government agents who expanded the networks of spies and sympathisers for Japan (See Note 7,8).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Three of the most powerful web trends to create one of the biggest opportunities of this decade.
  • Bloglines | New Blogs 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC my.bloglines.com [Source type: General]

Golf is also popular in Japan,[152] as are forms of auto racing, such as the Super GT sports car series and Formula Nippon formula racing.[153] Twin Ring Motegi was completed in 1997 by Honda in order to bring IndyCar racing to Japan.
Japan hosted the Summer Olympics in Tokyo in 1964. Japan has hosted the Winter Olympics twice, in Nagano in 1998 and Sapporo in 1972.

See also

References

  1. ^ "法制執務コラム集「法律と国語・日本語」". Legislative Bureau of the House of Councillors. http://houseikyoku.sangiin.go.jp/column/column068.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  2. ^ CIA Factbook: Japan
  3. ^ According to legend, Japan was founded on this date by the Emperor Jimmu, first emperor of Japan; it is seen as largely symbolic.
  4. ^ "JAPAN STATISTICAL YEARBOOK 2010". Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Japan. as of October 1, 2008. p. 17. http://www.stat.go.jp/data/nenkan/pdf/yhyou01.pdf. 
  5. ^ Official Japan Statistics Bureau estimate
  6. ^ a b c d "Japan". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=158&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=55&pr.y=16. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  7. ^ CIA World Factbook[Gini rankings]
  8. ^ Human Development Report 2009. The United Nations. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
  9. ^ "Facts and Figures of Japan 2007 01: Land". Foreign Press Center Japan. http://fpcj.jp/old/e/mres/publication/ff/pdf_07/01_land.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-04. 
  10. ^ a b c "World Factbook; Japan". CIA. 2007-03-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html. Retrieved 2007-03-27. 
  11. ^ WHO: Life expectancy in Israel among highest in the world Haaretz, May, 2009
  12. ^ United Nations World Population Propsects: 2006 revision – Table A.17 for 2005–2010
  13. ^ Joan, R. Piggott (1997). The emergence of Japanese kingship. Stanford University Press. pp. 143–144. ISBN 0-804-72832-1. http://books.google.com/books?id=BruaJSZmjHcC&pg=PA143&dq=nihon+wa+wagoku#v=onepage&q=nihon%20wa%20wagoku&f=false. 
  14. ^ Luīs Fróis, "Of the Ilande of Giapan" (February 19, 1565), published in Richard Willes, "The History of Travayle in the West and East Indies" (London 1577), cited in "Travel Narratives from the Age of Discovery", by Peter C. Mancall, pp. 156–57.
  15. ^ University of Pittsburgh, Jomon Genes - Using DNA, researchers probe the genetic origins of modern Japanese by John Travis
  16. ^ National Science Museum of Japan "Road of rice plant" [1] "The research of DNA of the rice plant has proven wet-rice cultivation of Japan was introduced directly from Yangtze River Delta."
  17. ^ The Metropolitan Museum of Art [2] "Although the roots of Sueki reach back to ancient China, its direct precursor is the grayware of the Three Kingdoms period in Korea."
  18. ^ National Museum of Japanese History [3] "弥生時代には種々の鉄製工具が使われ出したが、いずれも日本で作られた鉄ではなく、大陸から持ち込まれた物と見られている。" (Ironware was introduced to by China in Yayoi Period. )
  19. ^ Metropolitan Museum of Art [4] "Metallurgy was also introduced from the Asian mainland during this time. Bronze and iron were used to make weapons, armor, tools, and ritual implements such as bells (dotaku)"
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Further reading

  • Christopher, Robert C., The Japanese Mind: the Goliath Explained, Linden Press/Simon and Schuster, 1983 (ISBN 0330284193)
  • De Mente, The Japanese Have a Word For It, McGraw-Hill, 1997 (ISBN 0-8442-8316-9)
  • Flath, The Japanese Economy, Oxford University Press, 2000 (ISBN 0198775032)
  • Free, Early Japanese Railways 1853–1914: Engineering Triumphs That Transformed Meiji-era Japan, Tuttle Publishing, 2008 (ISBN 4805310065)
  • Henshall, A History of Japan, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001 (ISBN 0-312-23370-1)
  • Hood, Shinkansen: From Bullet Train to Symbol of Modern Japan, Routledge, 2006, (ISBN 0415320526)
  • Ikegami, Bonds Of Civility: Aesthetic Networks And The Political Origins Of Japanese Culture, Cambridge University Press, 2005 (ISBN 0521601150)
  • Ito et al., Reviving Japan's Economy: Problems and Prescriptions, MIT Press, 2005 (ISBN 0-262-09040-6)
  • Iwabuchi, Recentering Globalization: Popular Culture and Japanese Transnationalism, Duke University Press, 2002 (ISBN 0822328917)
  • Jansen, The Making of Modern Japan, Belknap, 2000 (ISBN 0-674-00334-9)
  • Johnson, Japan: Who Governs?, W.W. Norton & Company, 1996 (ISBN 0-393-31450-2)
  • Kato et al., A History of Japanese Literature: From the Man'Yoshu to Modern Times, Japan Library, 1997 (ISBN 1873410484)
  • Macwilliams, Japanese Visual Culture: Explorations in the World of Manga and Anime, M.E. Sharpe, 2007 (ISBN 0765616025)
  • McDonald, Reading a Japanese Film: Cinema in Context, University of Hawaii Press, 2005 (ISBN 082482993X)
  • Ono et al., Shinto: The Kami Way, Tuttle Publishing, 2004 (ISBN 0804835578)
  • Pyle, Japan Rising: The Resurgence of Japanese Power and Purpose, Public Affairs, 2007 (ISBN 1586485679)
  • Reischauer, Japan: The Story of a Nation, McGraw-Hill, 1989 (ISBN 0-07-557074-2)
  • Samuels, Securing Japan: Tokyo's Grand Strategy and the Future of East Asia, Cornell University Press, 2008 (ISBN 0801474906)
  • Silverberg, Erotic Grotesque Nonsense: The Mass Culture of Japanese Modern Times, University of California Press, 2007 (ISBN 0520222733)
  • Shinoda, Koizumi Diplomacy: Japan’s Kantei Approach to Foreign and Defense Affairs, University of Washington Press, 2007 (ISBN 0295986999)
  • Stevens, Japanese Popular Music: Culture, Authenticity and Power, Routledge, 2007 (ISBN 041538057X)
  • Sugimoto et al., An Introduction to Japanese Society, Cambridge University Press, 2003 (ISBN 0-521-52925-5)
  • Van Wolferen, The Enigma of Japanese Power, Vintage, 1990 (ISBN 0-679-72802-3)
  • Varley, Japanese Culture, University of Hawaii Press, 2000 (ISBN 0824821521)

External links

Government
News media
Tourism
General information

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : Japan
noframe
Location
Image:LocationMapJapan.png
Flag
Image:ja-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Tokyo
Government Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government
Currency yen (JPY, ¥)
Area total: 377,835 km2
water: 3,091 km2
land: 374,744 km2
Population 129,450,000 (2009 est.)
Language Japanese
Religion Shinto and Buddhism (often both), Christian (0.7%)
Electricity 100V/50 or 60Hz (American plug)
Calling Code +81
Internet TLD .jp
Time Zone UTC+9
.Japan [1], known as Nihon or Nippon (日本) in Japanese, is an island nation in East Asia.^ North Korea is neither a foreign nation nor part of Japan, according to Japanese laws.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, there were also floods across the East China Sea in Japanese Kyushu Island (See Note 3).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For Japan, Yasukuni Shrine and the Japanese Red Army are the same because they are heroes who devote themselves to the national interest (See Note 6).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Cherry blossoms in Kichijoji, Tokyo
Cherry blossoms in Kichijoji, Tokyo
The "Land of the Rising Sun" is a country where the past meets the future. .Japanese culture stretches back millennia, yet has also adopted (and created) the latest modern fashions and trends.^ His family is included in famous clans that created and originated the modern Japanese government.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Japan is a study in contrasts and contradictions. .Many Japanese corporations dominate their industries, yet if you read the financial news it seems like Japan is practically bankrupt.^ I would like to analyze the terrorism with which Japan seems to have something to do.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kamikaze suicide corps seem to have committed suicide attacks not for Japan or the Japanese Emperor but for their families or their debts.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The government hopes that this technology will lead to the development of phaser weapons and photon torpedoes to launch a new industry in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Cities are as modern and high tech as anywhere else, but tumbledown wooden shacks can still be spotted next to glass fronted designer condominiums. .On an average subway ride, you might see childishly cute character toys and incredibly violent pornography - sometimes enjoyed by the same passenger, at the same time!^ From now on, I would not show you radar images each time in the case of a tropical cyclone (See Note 1).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also can you can me some evidence to back up your claims of "Forests have maintained almost the same amount of carbon from ancient times" please?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the inconvenient occurred suddenly, later some shocking events are created almost on the same day, sometimes around the same time in the future.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Japan has beautiful temples and gardens which are often surrounded by garish signs and ugly buildings. In the middle of a modern skyscraper you might discover a sliding wooden door which leads to a traditional chamber with tatami mats, calligraphy, and tea ceremony. .These juxtapositions mean you may often be surprised and rarely bored by your travels in Japan.^ You may think that you don't know the reality with it in Japan because you are not Japanese.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You may think these frauds are committed by individual immoral managers, but, in reality, most of those frauds are forced by the government.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They continue, "If you want us to announce the suicide, news and rumors about your family would quickly spread throughout Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

History

.While geography is not destiny, Japan's location on islands at the outermost edge of Asia has had a profound influence on its history.^ Aug 1, 2007, 23:11 Japan's Conspiracy (22-1) === Typhoon Usagi === Typhoon Usagi is heading toward Kagoshima City, which is located in the Southern part of Southern Island of Kyushu.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Just close enough to mainland Asia, yet far enough to keep itself separate, much of Japanese history has seen alternating periods of closure and openness.^ History Money laundering is a new word for most Japanese, but its idea itself is a familiar one.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I think that the US keeps a excellent missile defense system just because it has the technology enough to develop an ICBM system.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As far as I know, it is the only occasion in which Japan had no prime minister for days in the Japanese modern history.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Until recently, Japan has been able to turn on or off its connection to the rest of the world, accepting foreign cultural influences in fits and starts.^ The event is recognized as the starting point of the bloody war against Japan, which lasted until 1945.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

It is comparable with the relationship between Britain and the rest of Europe, but with a much wider channel.
.Recorded Japanese history begins in the 5th century, although archaeological evidence of settlement stretches back 50,000 years and the mythical Emperor Jimmu is said to have founded the current Imperial line in the 7th century BC. Archeological evidence, however, has only managed to trace the Imperial line back to the Kofun Period during the 3rd to 7th centuries AD, which was also when the Japanese first had significant contact with China and Korea.^ Japanese are good at fabricating evidence and history.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is said that dolphins could live to 50 years.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This year marks the 70th anniversary of not only the Marco Polo Bridge Incident but also the Nanking Massacre--atrocities committed by the Imperial Japanese Army against the civilian population of the city that started in December 1937.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Japan then gradually became a centralized state during the Asuka Period, during which Japan extensively absorbed many aspects of Chinese culture, and saw the introduction of Mahayana Buddhism and Confucianism.^ After Minneapolis tragedy, periodic bridge inspection became a major issue in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During this period, The media report spree about the arsenic poisoning was unusual in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The popular board game of Go is also believed to have been introduced to Japan during this period.^ They believe that Okinawans hate people in Kagoshima because of their exploitation of Okinawa's agricultural product during the feudal period.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During this period, The media report spree about the arsenic poisoning was unusual in Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan abetted Asian countries to go to war against Western powers during WWII. But Japan's scale of robbery, carnage and rape against Asian countries was no comparison.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

The Great Buddha of Kamakura
The Great Buddha of Kamakura
The first strong Japanese state was centered in Nara, which was built to model the then Chinese capital Chang'an. .This period, dubbed the Nara Period was the last time the emperor actually held political power, with power eventually falling into the hands of the court nobles during the Heian Period, when the capital was moved to Kyoto, then known as Heian-Kyo, which remained the Japanese imperial residence until the 19th century.^ The Japanese government and Japanese mass media say that Okinawans are angry about the education ministry's instructions to textbook publishers to modify statements that Okinawa residents were forced by the military into committing mass suicide during the Battle of Okinawa.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ China wanted to refute the claim, but China gave up because it knew that it would play into Japanese hands if it simply refutes in China.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At that time, Japan was eager to show the power of the Japanese construction industry.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Chinese influence also reached its peak during the early Heian Period, which saw Buddhism become a popular religion among the masses. This was then followed by the Kamakura Period, when the samurai managed to gain political power. Minamoto no Yoritomo, the most powerful of them was dubbed shogun by the emperor and ruled from his base in Kamakura. The Muromachi Period then saw the Ashikaga shogunate come to power, ruling from their base in Ashikaga. Japan then descended into the anarchy of the Warring States period in the 15th century. .Tokugawa Ieyasu finally reunified the country in 1600 and founded the Tokugawa shogunate, a feudal state ruled from Edo, or modern-day Tokyo.^ Fukuoka earthquake 1 dead On this day Sunday March 25 the US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice was to meet the then prime minister Mr. Koizumi in Tokyo.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

A strict caste system was imposed, with the Shogun and his samurai warriors at the top of the heap and no social mobility permitted.
Nuclear devastation in Hiroshima (1945)
Nuclear devastation in Hiroshima (1945)
During this period, dubbed the Edo Period, Tokugawa rule kept the country stable but stagnant with a policy of almost total isolation (with the exception of Dutch and Chinese merchants in certain designated cities) while the world around them rushed ahead. .US Commodore Matthew Perry's Black Ships arrived in Yokohama in 1854, forcing the country to open up to trade with the West, resulting in the signing of unequal treaties and the collapse of the shogunate in the Meiji Restoration of 1867, during which the imperial capital was relocated from Kyoto to Edo, now re-named Tokyo.^ (There was a time when I was growing up that we were told that the Japanese were going to try and take over the US and it started with importing Toyotas and buying cattle farms in the west.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Meiji Restoration was successful thanks to the support of Western countries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The US had already given up their original typhoon naming system, expecting all the countries would use the unified system.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

After observing Western colonization in Southeast Asia and the division and weakening of China, which the Japanese had for so long considered to be the world's greatest superpower, Japan vowed not to overtaken by the West, launching itself headlong into a drive to industrialize and modernize, which soon turned into a drive to expand and colonize its neighbors, culminating in the disastrous Second World War that saw 1.86 million Japanese and well over 10 million Chinese and other Asians die in battle, bombings, starvation and massacres. .Forced to surrender in 1945 after the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan was occupied for the first time in its history.^ December 27 === Japan's Prime Minister, Yasuo Fukuda, has visited China for the first time since he took office last September.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From 1868 to 1945, when Japan surrendered to the Allied Forces, Buddhist temples ardently supported Yasukuni Shrine and Japan's fascism.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ September 11th was the day when Japan virtually surrendered unconditionally to the Allied Powers in 1945.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

The Emperor kept his throne but was turned into a constitutional monarch. Thus converted to pacifism and democracy, with the US taking care of defense, Japan now directed its prodigious energies into peaceful technology and reemerged from poverty to conquer the world's marketplaces with an endless stream of cars and consumer electronics to attain the second-largest gross national product in the world.
Japan is not always crowded — like this beach in Taketomi, Okinawa
Japan is not always crowded — like this beach in Taketomi, Okinawa
.As an island nation shut off from the rest of the world for a long time (with mild exceptions from China and Korea), Japan is very homogeneous.^ North Korea is neither a foreign nation nor part of Japan, according to Japanese laws.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan was very busy on that day for the selection of world's seven new wonders.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The world would finally allow the Japanese government to equip itself with nuclear arms, as North Korea has nuclear arms and threaten Japan with the weapons.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Almost 99% of the population is of Japanese ethnicity. The largest minority are Koreans, around 1 million strong, many in their 3rd or 4th generations. .There are also sizable populations of Chinese, Filipinos and Brazilians, although many are of Japanese descent.^ There are many web sites that blatantly express false information in Japanese particularly with regard to certain countries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many Japanese websites that slander the Korean construction industry.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For many Japanese of today, there are two dates that come to mind when they look back on the war: Dec.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Though largely assimilated, the resident Chinese population maintains a presence in Japan's three Chinatowns in Kobe, Nagasaki and Yokohama. .Indigenous ethnic minorities include the Ainu on Hokkaido, gradually driven north during the centuries and now numbering around 50,000 (although the number varies greatly depending on the exact definition used), and the Ryukyuan people of Okinawa.^ They believe that Okinawans hate people in Kagoshima because of their exploitation of Okinawa's agricultural product during the feudal period.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All the numbers around me were the numbers which had same patterns of combination that stalkers use.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These people are, unfortunately, in the majority for now, but their numbers are decreasing and as long as it remains so we will keep getting what we have always gotten.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

The Japanese are well known for their politeness. .Many Japanese are thrilled to have visitors to their country and are incredibly helpful to lost and bewildered-looking foreigners.^ There are many web sites that blatantly express false information in Japanese particularly with regard to certain countries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is regrettable that many foreigners as well as Japanese are deceived by such tricks.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For many Japanese of today, there are two dates that come to mind when they look back on the war: Dec.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Younger Japanese people are often extremely interested in meeting and becoming friends with foreigners as well.^ Japanese are often named after real people.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some people say, "The Japanese government's harassment is so serious that most foreigners have to yield to its demand."
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Besides, Japanese people put family names first and use them far more than their given names, which are often forgotten by many.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Do not be surprised if a Japanese person (usually of the opposite gender) approaches you in a public place and tries to initiate a conversation with you in somewhat coherent English.^ Are you trying to say that someone engineered the sinking of that ship just so some Japanese person wouldn't be able to vote?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, as you read English WIKIPEDIA, I would like to translate Japanese WIKIPEDIA for clarifying the difference.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have been really surprised that WIKIPEDIA offers different contents both in English and Japanese.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

On the other hand, many are not used to dealing with foreigners (外人 gaijin) and are more reserved and reluctant to communicate.
.Visibly foreign visitors remain a rarity in many parts of Japan outside of major cities, and you will likely encounter moments when entering a shop causes the staff to seemingly panic and scurry off into the back.^ Japan was thrown into a panic.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ North Korea is neither a foreign nation nor part of Japan, according to Japanese laws.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do a search on "whale" and "cosmetics" and you'll find that through the 20th century, whale parts were used in many cosmetics (probably what you interpret as beauty care).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Don't take this as racism: they're just afraid that you'll try to address them in English and they'll be embarrassed because they can't understand or reply.^ I understand they are honest just because they are born and brought up honest.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Just don't take these "fringe" ideas too seriously.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They're only doing investigations because of pressure from the people and not because they're curious about the truth or what happened or anything like that.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

A smile and a Konnichiwa ("Hello") often helps.

Culture

.As Japan has undergone periods of openness and isolation throughout its history, Japanese culture is if anything unique.^ Goldiegirl Jun 20, 2007, 05:05 Suicide has a long history in Japan...it's not a conspiracy, it's cultural.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japan does anything in order to repaint the world history.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Japanese government moved a variety of agents in and around Japan, sometimes throughout the world.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

While heavy Chinese influences are evident in traditional Japanese culture, it has also retained many native Japanese customs, resulting in a seemingly seamless blend.

Holidays

Festival procession in the neon-drenched alleys of Shinjuku, Tokyo
Festival procession in the neon-drenched alleys of Shinjuku, Tokyo
.The most important holiday in Japan is New Year (お正月 Oshōgatsu), which pretty much shuts down the country from December 30 to January 3. Japanese head home to their families (which means massive transport congestion), eat festive foods and head out to the neighborhood temple at the stroke of midnight to wish in the New Year.^ This day was the second most important day for the Japanese.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since most national holidays in Japan had been related to the imperial family, the Allies carried out court procedures on the days.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At that time, most Japanese diplomats were government agents who expanded the networks of spies and sympathisers for Japan (See Note 7,8).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many Japanese often travel to other countries as well, and prices for airfares are very high.^ I will just travel as other Japanese do.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The US, Australia and other countries know it very well.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This kind of conspiracy represents the Japanese government's attitude very well.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 24 September 2009 23:47 UTC