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Japanese cruiser Yūbari: Wikis

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Yubari n09957.jpg
"Yūbari" in 1924
Career Naval Ensign of Japan.svgJapanese Navy Ensign
Class and type: light cruiser
Name: Yūbari (夕張)
Ordered: October 1921
Builder: Sasebo Navy Yard
Laid down: 5 June 1922
Launched: 5 March 1923
Commissioned: 23 July 1923
Fate: sunk 28 April 1944 by US submarine Bluegill
General characteristics
Displacement: 2,890 t (2,840 long tons) standard (designed); 3,141 t (3,091 long tons) full load (designed); 4,075 t (4,011 long tons) full load (actual)
Length: 138.90 m (455.7 ft)
Beam: 12.04 m (39.5 ft)
Draft: 3.58 m (11.7 ft)
Installed power: 43,060 kW (57,740 hp)
Propulsion: 3 × geared steam turbines
8 × Kanpon boilers
3 × shafts
Speed: 35.5 kn (65.7 km/h; 40.9 mph)
Range: 5,000 nmi (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Complement: 328
Armament: 6 × 140 mm (5.5 in) guns (2x2, 2x1), 1 × 76.2 mm (3 in) AA gun, 2 × machine guns, 4 × 610 mm (24 in) torpedo tubes (2x2), 34 × mines
Armor:
  • Main belt: 38 mm (1.5 in)
  • Deck: 25 mm (0.98 in)
  • Turrets: 25 mm (0.98 in)

Yūbari (夕張 ?) was a single light cruiser built between 1922 and 1923 for the Imperial Japanese Navy. She fought in World War II and was sunk.

Contents

Design

The ship originated as an experimental scout cruiser, which would have the combat potential of the standard 5,000 t (4,900 long tons) Japanese light cruisers on a much lighter ship. The ship was designed by Admiral Yuzuru Hiraga. The guns were mounted on the centre line in turrets and armor was integrated into the hull structure. The forecastle was given significant flare to improve seakeeping. Destroyer-type machinery was used to save weight, with eight oil-fired Kanpon boilers trunked into a single large funnel.

The ship was completed 419 t (412 long tons) (13%) over the designed displacement, this resulted in an extra foot of draft and a loss of 1.5 kn (2.8 km/h; 1.7 mph) in designed speed. The ship was considered successful, however, and many of its features were used in subsequent Japanese warships.

The ship had a significant refit in early 1944 when the two single 140 mm (5.5 in) guns were removed, one 120 mm (4.7 in) AA gun ("A" position) and six twin and one triple 25 mm (0.98 in) AA guns added together with search radar and depth charges.

Service

Yubari served during in the Pacific during World War II where she was the flagship of the Japanese invasion force during the invasion of Wake Island. She led both invasion attempts on 11 December, and 23 December 1941 and was damaged by U.S. Marine coastal guns during the first attempted landing. Yubari was sunk on 27 April 1944 off Palau by the U.S. submarine Bluegill.

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Commanding Officers

Chief Equipping Officer - Capt. Masao Sugiura - 1 March 1923-31 July 1923

Capt. Masao Sugiura - 31 July 1923-1 December 1923

Capt. Nobuichi Yamaguchi - 1 December 1923-10 November 1924

Cmdr. / Capt. Aijiro Tomioka - 10 November 1924-20 October 1925 (Promoted to Captain on 1 December 1924.)

Capt. Kiyoshi Anno - 20 October 1925-1 November 1926

Capt. Shinpei Kida - 1 November 1926-1 December 1927

Capt. Shigefusa Morita - 1 December 1927-30 November 1929

Capt. Takeo Kawana - 30 November 1929-15 November 1930

Capt. Seitaro Hara - 15 November 1930-1 December 1931

Capt. Jiro Saito - 1 December 1931-15 November 1933

Capt. Ko Kiyomiya - 15 November 1933-15 November 1934

Capt. Daigo Tadashige - 15 November 1934-25 May 1935

Capt. Seiichi Harada - 25 May 1935-31 October 1935

Capt. Masao Yamamoto - 31 October 1935-1 December 1936

Capt. Sueto Hirose - 1 December 1936-15 November 1937

Capt. Yugoro Hori - 15 November 1937-20 July 1938

Capt. Shutoku Miyazato - 20 July 1938-15 November 1938

Capt. Takero Koda - 15 November 1938-1 November 1939

Capt. Michiaki Kamata - 1 November 1939-15 November 1939

Capt. Heitaro Edo - 15 November 1939-1 November 1940

Capt. Masami Ban - 1 November 1940-15 August 1942

Capt. Yasuji Hirai - 15 August 1942-3 May 1943

Capt. Morie Funaki - 3 May 1943-26 December 1943

Capt. Ranji Oe - 26 December 1943-30 January 1944

Capt. Takeo Nara - 30 January 1944-28 April 1944

References

  • Frido G Kip - The Japanese Experimental Light Cruiser Yubari - in Warship 1999-2000, Conway's Maritime Press

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