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Asanagi
Asanagi on December 29, 1924
Career Naval Ensign of Japan.svg
Name: Asanagi
Owner: Empire of Japan
Operator: Imperial Japanese Navy
Builder: Fujinagata Shipyards, Japan
Yard number: Destroyer No. 15
Laid down: March 5, 1923
Launched: April 21, 1924
Commissioned: December 29, 1925
Renamed: as Asanagi August 1, 1928
Struck: July 10, 1944
Fate: sunk in combat May 22, 1944
General characteristics
Class and type: Kamikaze class destroyer
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1,400 long tons (1,400 t) normal,
1,720 long tons (1,750 t) full load
Length: 97.5 m (320 ft) pp,
102.6 m (337 ft) overall
Beam: 9.1 m (30 ft)
Draught: 2.9 m (9.5 ft)
Propulsion:

2 shafts
4 x Ro-Gō Kampon water-tube boilers
2 x Kampon geared turbines
38,500 ihp (28,700 kW)


2 shafts
Speed: 36.88 knots (68.30 km/h)
Range: 3600 nm @ 14 knots
(6,700 km at 26 km/h)}
Complement: 168
Armament: 3 ×Type 3 120 mm 45 caliber naval gun
10 × Type 96 25 mm AT/AA Guns
4 × 21 inch torpedo tubes
16 × naval mines
Service record
Operations: Battle of Wake Island
New Guinea Campaign
Solomon Islands Campaign

Asanagi (朝凪 ”Morning Calm” ?)[1] was the eighth vessel of the Kamikaze-class destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy following World War I. Advanced for their time, these ships served as first-line destroyers through the 1930s, but were considered obsolescent by the start of the Pacific War.

Contents

History

Construction of the large-sized Kamikaze-class destroyers was authorized as part of the Imperial Japanese Navy's 8-4 Fleet Program from fiscal 1921–1923, as a follow on to the Minekaze class, with which they shared many common design characteristics.[2]Asanagi, built at the Fujinagata Shipyards, in Osaka was laid down on March 5, 1923, launched on April 21, 1924 and commissioned on December 29, 1925. [3] Originally commissioned simply as “Destroyer No. 15”, it was assigned the name Asanagi on August 1, 1928.

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World War II history

At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Asanagi was assigned to Destroyer Division 29 of Desron 6 in the IJN 4th Fleet, based at Truk. It provided cover for the Gilbert Island invasion force from December 8-10, 1941, and subsequently was assigned to the second Wake Island invasion force from December 23.

From January through March 1942, Asanagi provided cover for the Japanese invasion forces for Rabaul, New Britain and Lae. While patrolling out of Lae on March 10, it suffered medium damage from strafing attacks, forcing a return to Sasebo for repairs by April. Once repairs were completed in June, Asanagi escorted convoys from Sasebo back to Truk. During the Battle of the Coral Sea from May 7-8, 1942, Asanagi was assigned to the Operation Mo invasion force for Port Moresby. When that operation was cancelled, it returned to Sasebo for further repairs.[4]

Asanagi returned to Rabaul in mid-July and was assigned to cover Japanese landings on Buna. While making troop landings at Buna, Asanagi suffered damage on a coral reef while maneuvering to escape an air raid, and was forced to return to Yokosuka for repairs. It spent the remainder of September through November 1943 on patrols and escort duty in the central Pacific, and between Truk, Rabaul and the Japanese home islands.

In 1944, Asanagi escorted numerous convoys between Yokosuka, Truk, the Ogasawara Islands and the Mariana Islands. On its return from Saipan to Japan on May 20, 1944, it was torpedoed and sunk 200 miles west-northwest of Chichijima in the Ogasawara islands 28°20′N 138°57′E / 28.333°N 138.95°E / 28.333; 138.95Coordinates: 28°20′N 138°57′E / 28.333°N 138.95°E / 28.333; 138.95 by the United States Navy submarine USS Pollack. [5]

Asanagi was struck from the navy list on July 10, 1944. [6]

References

  • Brown, David (1990). Warship Losses of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-914-X.  
  • Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1.  
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0689114028.  
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 087021893X.  
  • Nelson, Andrew N. (1967). Japanese–English Character Dictionary. Tuttle. isbn 0804804087.  
  • Watts, Anthony J (1967). Japanese Warships of World War II. Doubleday. ASIN B000KEV3J8.  
  • Whitley, M J (2000). Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1854095218.  

External links

Notes

  1. ^ Nelson. Japanese-English Character Dictionary. Pages 749, 480
  2. ^ Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun.
  3. ^ Nishidah, Hiroshi (2002). "Kamikaze class 1st class destroyers". Materials of the Imperial Japanese Navy. http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0421.htm.  
  4. ^ Nevitt, Allyn D. (1997). "IJN Asanagi: Tabular Record of Movement". Long Lancers. Combinedfleet.com. http://www.combinedfleet.com/asanag_t.htm.  
  5. ^ Brown. Warship Losses of World War Two
  6. ^ Nishidah, Hiroshi (2002). "Kamikaze class 1st class destroyers". Materials of the Imperial Japanese Navy. http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0421.htm.  

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