Japanese typographic symbols: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page lists Japanese typographic symbols which are not included in kana or kanji.

The links in the Unicode column lead to the Unihan database.

This article contains Japanese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of kanji and kana.

Contents

Repetition marks

Main article: Iteration mark

- JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
2139 1-1-25 3005 noma (ノマ)

kuma (クマ)
kurikaeshi (繰り返し)
dō no jiten (同の字点)

Kanji repetition mark. For example 様様 could be written 様々.
2138 1-1-24 4EDD dō no jiten (同の字点)

Kanji repetition mark.

2152 1-1-19 30FD katakanagaeshi (かたかながえし)

kurikaeshi (くりかえし)

Katakana iteration mark.
2153 1-1-20 30FE katakanagaeshi (かたかながえし)

kurikaeshi (くりかえし)

Katakana iteration mark with a dakuten.
2154 1-1-21 309D hiraganagaeshi (ひらがながえし)

kurikaeshi (くりかえし)

Hiragana iteration mark. For example はは (haha) could be written はゝ.
2136 1-1-22 309E hiraganagaeshi (ひらがながえし)

kurikaeshi

Hiragana iteration mark. For example はば (haba) could be written はゞ.
2137 1-1-23 3003

nonoten (ノノ点)

Ditto mark. It is called nonoten because it looks like two katakana nos.
NONE NONE 3031 Kana vertical repetition mark.
NONE NONE 3032 Kana vertical repetition mark with dakuten.

NONE 1-2-19 (top), 1-2-21 (bottom) 3033 (top), 3035 (bottom) kunojiten (くの字点) Repetition mark used in vertical writing. It means repeat the previous two or more kana.

NONE 1-2-20 (top), 1-2-21 (bottom) 3034 (top), 3035 (bottom) kunojiten (くの字点) This is the kunojiten mark with dakuten.

Brackets and quotation marks (kakko 括弧)

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
「」 2156, 2157 1-1-54, 1-1-55 300C

300D

kagi (鉤, "hook")

kagikakko (鉤括弧, "hook brackets")

These are the usual Japanese quotation marks.
『』 2158, 2159 1-1-56, 1-1-57 300E

300F

kagi (鉤)

nijūkagikakko (二重鉤括弧, "double hook brackets")

Japanese version of double quotes, often used when indicating a book title.
() 2169, 216A 1-1-42, 1-1-43 pāren (パーレン, "parenthesis")

kakko (括弧)
marugakko (丸括弧, "round brackets")
shōkakko (小括弧, “small brackets”)

〔〕 216C, 216E 1-1-44, 1-1-45 3014

3015

kikkō (亀甲, "tortoise shell") Used to insert comments into quoted text.
[] 216D, 216E 1-1-46, 1-1-47 kakko (括弧)

kagikakko (かぎかっこ)

{} 216F, 2170 1-1-48, 1-1-49 burēsu (ブレース, "brace")

namikakko (波括弧, "wave brackets")
nakakakko (中括弧, "middle brackets")

〈〉 2171, 2172 1-1-50, 1-1-51 3008

3009

kakko

yamakakko (山括弧, "hill brackets")
gyume (ギュメ, “guillemets”)
yamagata (山がた “hill-shaped [symbol]”)

The name gyume is a Japanese version of guillemets.
《》 2173, 2174 1-1-52, 1-1-53 300A

300B

kakko

nijūyamakakko (二重山括弧, "double hill brackets")
nijūgyume (二重ギュメ, “double guillemets”)
nijūyamagata (二重山がた, “double hill-shaped [symbol]”)

【】 2179, 217A 1-1-58, 1-1-59 3010, 3011 kakko

sumitsukikakko (すみつきかっこ)

Used in headings, for example in dictionary definitions.
〖〗 None 1-2-58, 1-2-59 3016

3017

〘〙 None 1-2-56, 1-2-57 3018

3019

〚〛 None None 301A

301B

Phonetic marks (hatsuonkigō 発音記号)

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
2443 1-4-35 3063 sokuon (促音, “double consonant”) Doubles the sound of the next consonant. For example, "かた"/kata/ becomes "かった"/katːa/
213C 1-1-28 30FC chōonpu (長音符, “long sound symbol”)


onbiki (音引き)
bōbiki (棒引き)
bōsen (棒線, “bar line”)

Indicates a lengthened vowel sound. Often used with katakana. The direction of writing depends on the direction of text. See yokogaki and tategaki.
212B 1-1-11 309B dakuten (濁点, “voiced point”)


nigori (濁り, “voiced”)
tenten

Used with hiragana or katakana to indicate a voiced sound. For example, this mark changes ta to da and shi to ji.
212C 1-1-12 309C handakuten (半濁点, “half-voiced point”)

handaku (半濁, “half-voiced”) maru (丸, “circle”)

Used with hiragana or katakana to indicate a change from a hahifuheho sound to a papipupepo sound.

Punctuation marks (kutōten 句読点)

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
2123 1-1-3 3002 kuten (句点, "sentence point", period)

maru (丸, "small ball")

Marks the end of a sentence. Japanese equivalent of a full stop or period.
2122 1-1-4 3001 tōten (読点, "reading point") Japanese equivalent of a comma.
2126 1-1-6 30FB nakaguro (中黒, "middle black")

potsu (ぽつ)
nakaten (中点, "middle point")

Used to separate items in lists and separate foreign words. For example, if "ビルゲイツ" is written instead of "ビル・ゲイツ", a Japanese person unfamiliar with the names might have difficulty understanding which part represents the given name and which one represents the surname.

Other special marks

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
213A 1-1-26 3006 shime (しめ) This character is used to write shime in

shimekiri (deadline) etc.

2141 1-1-33 301C nyoro (にょろ)

naishi (ないし)
nami (波, "wave")
kara (から)

Used in "to from" constructions in Japanese, such as 月〜金曜日 "from Monday to Friday".

In horizontal writing and on computers, the fullwidth tilde ~ (Unicode FF5E) is often substituted.

2144 1-1-36 2026 tensen (点線, "dot line")


santen rīda (三点リーダ, “three-dot leader”)

A line of dots corresponding to one half of a Japanese ellipsis; also used as an ellipsis informally.
2145 1-1-37 2025 tensen (点線, "dot line")


niten rīda (二点リーダ, “two-dot leader”)

Rarely used.
2576 1-5-86 30F6 A simplified version of the kanji 箇 (the generic counter), most commonly used in indicating a period of months (example: 一ヶ月, one month) or in place names. See small ke.

NONE 1-3-32
1-3-31
2022
25E6
bōten (傍点, "side dot")


wakiten (脇点, “side dot”)

Adding these dots to the sides of characters emphasizes the character in question. It is the Japanese equivalent of the use of italics for emphasis in English.
21A6 1-2-8 203B kome (米, "rice")


komejirushi (米印, "rice symbol")

This symbol is used in notes (chū, 注) as a reference mark, similar to an asterisk.
2196 1-1-86 FF0A hoshijirushi (星印, "star symbol")


asuterisuku (アステリスク, asterisk)

This symbol is used in notes (chū, 注).
NONE 1-3-28 303D ioriten (庵点) This mark is used to show the start of a singer's part of a song.
222E 1-2-14 3013 geta kigō (ゲタ記号, “geta symbol”) The name is from geta, a type of Japanese shoe. A proofreader's mark indicating unavailability of a glyph, such as when a character cannot be displayed on a computer.



2276 1-2-86
1-2-91
1-2-92
1-2-93
266A
266B
266C
2669
onpu (音符, “musical note”) Used much like an emoticon in informal text to indicate a singsong tone of voice or a playful attitude.

Organization-specific symbols

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
2229 1-2-9 3012 yūbin (郵便) Used to indicate post offices on maps, and printed before postcodes. See also Japanese addressing system and Japan Post.
3036 Variant postal mark in a circle.
1-6-70 3020 Variant postal mark with a face.
None None 3004 jisumāku (ジスマーク, "JIS mark")


nihon kougyou kikaku (日本工業規格, JIS)

This mark on a product shows that it complies with a Japanese Industrial Standard.
24CD This mark on a music or print publication is used to indicate the last date at which the item must be sold at a fixed price under saihan seido, Japan's resale price maintenance system. Sometimes it is printed as just an uncircled "X".
24CE This mark on a music or print publication is used to indicate the first date at which the item must be sold at a fixed price under saihan seido, Japan's resale price maintenance system. It is typically the item's release date for music, or the publication date for print matter. On music releases, this mark may be absent, and the years 1984–1990 may be indicated by the letters "N", "I", "H", "O", "R", "E", and "C". Sometimes it is printed as just an uncircled "Y".

See also

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message