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Jarama
River
Jarama River in Titulcia
Country Spain
States Guadalajara, Madrid
Part of Tagus
Tributaries
 - left Henares, Tajuña
 - right Lozoya, Guadalix, Manzanares
Source Peña Cebollera
 - location Sierra de Ayllón
 - elevation 2,119 m (6,952 ft)
 - coordinates 41°9′58″N 3°32′18″W / 41.16611°N 3.53833°W / 41.16611; -3.53833
Mouth Tagus
 - location near Aranjuez
 - elevation 494 m (1,621 ft)
 - coordinates 40°1′51″N 3°38′59″W / 40.03083°N 3.64972°W / 40.03083; -3.64972
Length 190 km (118 mi)
Basin 5,047 km2 (1,949 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 31.7 m3/s (1,119 cu ft/s)

Jarama is a river in central Spain. It flows north to south, and passes east of Madrid when El Atazar Dam is built on a tributary, the Lozoya River. It flows into the river Tagus in Aranjuez. The Manzanares is a tributary of the Jarama.

Contents

Spanish Civil War

Massacre

During the Spanish Civil War at Paracuellos del Jarama, 1000 (other sources give the number of 2000) civilian prisoners were killed by the Republican Militia guards during the Battle of Madrid (November 8–9, 1936). It is disputed whether Santiago Carrillo, the Communist leader in Madrid, ordered these executions or not, albeit they were committed under his authority[1][2]. He has denied his involvement in several interviews[3]. (See Paracuellos massacre)

Battles

The Jarama was also the scene of fierce fighting - the Battle of Jarama - in 1937. Nationalist forces crossed the river in an attempt to cut the main Madrid-to-Valencia road and isolate the Republican capital. Nationalist forces led by Spanish Legionnaires and Moroccan soldiers (Regulares) of the Army of Africa were confronted by forces from the Republic including the 15th International Brigade. The 15th Brigade contained both the British Battalion of Volunteers and American volunteers in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. Despite heavy casualties (over 270 British out of 600) the nationalists were stopped short of their objective. A period of trench warfare followed before the front stabilised. The battle cost both sides a combined total of up to 45,000 casualties.

In fiction

El Jarama is a novel by Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio about young people from Madrid meeting for a picnic by the river. Its realistic dialog renovated Spanish novels.

Other meanings

The Circuito Permanente Del Jarama is the main motor racetrack of Madrid. Before the construction of the safer Montmeló, Montjuïc and Jerez racetracks, it hosted 9 Formula One Championship races and several motorbike prizes.

References

  1. ^ Ian Gibson, "Paracuellos. Cómo fue". 1983, Plaza y Janés. Barcelona.
  2. ^ Vidal, Cesar, "Paracuellos-Katyn: Un ensayo sobre el genocidio de la izquierda". 2005, Libroslibres ISBN 84-96088-32-4
  3. ^ Entrevista con Santiago Carrillo. elmundo.es. November 24, 2000.







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