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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For Wikipedia jargon, see Wikipedia:Glossary. For hacker slang, see Jargon File. For the gemstone, see Jargoon.

Jargon is terminology which is especially defined in relationship to a specific activity, profession, or group. The philosophe Condillac observed in 1782 that "Every science requires a special language because every science has its own ideas." As a rationalist member of the Enlightenment he continued, "It seems that one ought to begin by composing this language, but people begin by speaking and writing and the language remains to be composed."[1] In other words, the term most often covers the language used by people who work in a particular area or who have a common interest. Much like slang, it can develop as a kind of short-hand, to express ideas that are frequently discussed between members of a group, though it can also be developed deliberately using chosen terms. A standard term may be given a more precise or unique usage among practitioners of a field. In many cases this causes a barrier to communication with those not familiar with the language of the field. As an example, the words RAM, Hard Disk Drive, CPU, and Graphics Card are jargon terms related to computing.

In Jewish communities during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the term "jargon" was occasionally used as a pejorative term for Yiddish. Such usage was current both among assimilationists, who felt that Jews would do better to speak the majority language of the surrounding society, and among Zionists who urged them to speak Hebrew.

Contents

Notes

  1. ^ Quoted by Fernand Braudel, in discussing the origins of capital, capitalism, in The Wheels of Commerce, vol. II of Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century, 1979:234.

your hebrew

References

  • Sonneveld, H, Loenning, K: (1994): Introducing terminology, in Terminology, p.1-6
  • Wright, S.E.; Budin, G.: (1997): Handbook of Terminology Management, Volume 1, Basic Aspects of Terminology Management, Amsterdam, Philadelphia, John Benjamins 370 pp.

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Wikitravel:Jargon article)

From Wikitravel

Wikitravellers sometimes use their own brand of jargon which can be confusing for new users. This glossary attempts to explain some of the words and phrases used in discussions, edit summaries, or on IRC.

??
Any two-letter code followed by ":", such as fr: for French or ja: for Japanese, means another language version of Wikitravel. In edit summaries, this usually means that an inter-language link to the version has been added.
article 
A page on the wiki; typically only pages in the main namespace.
bump 
Bring up my post — a request for more comments on an unanswered question or issue.
copyvio 
Any content which is a copyright violation, usually stuff copied from other Web sites without permission.
cotm, Cotm, CotM 
Collaboration of the month.
dab, disamb, disambig 
To disambiguate two or more destinations which share the same name.
dmoz, +dmoz 
For links to Open Directory. From "Dmoz:", the Interwiki prefix for such links.
dotm, DotM 
Destination of the Month. The current DotM is the showcase article on the Main Page, while DotM candidates are being considered for displaying in the future.
ext, extguide, extlinks
Removing external links or the now outdated "External links" sections (see Where did the "External links" sections go?) from articles. Extguide means removing a link to an external travel guide. Often used as -ext.
fmt, format 
Content reformatted to follow Wikitravel conventions, usually meaning the article templates and the Manual of Style.
guide 
An article status rating higher than "usable" but lower than "star". Typically, a "guide" article has a lot of things to see and do and lots of places to eat and sleep, so that someone who wanted to visit the destination could use the article as their guide. A guide lacks the "finishing touches" (maps, formatting, editorial, writing, photos) that make a real star.
isIn, isin, IsIn 
A reference to Template:IsIn, a tool to add breadcrumb navigation for a destination. Sometimes used to say "I added the isIn template here." Short for "is in", like "Siberia is in Russia".
MoS 
Wikitravel's Manual of Style, which defines how Wikitravel articles should be formatted. "MoSing" means converting ad-hoc formatting to follow the Manual of Style.
namespace 
Every Wikitravel page belongs to one of the Namespaces; which one depends on what the page is for and where it fits in the site.
NPOV 
Neutral point of view. The idea that all content should be presented fairly and without bias, and a philosophical cornerstone on Wikipedia. Wikitravel does not subscribe to this strictly, because the traveller's view comes first: instead, a "Be fair" policy is applied.
outline, +outline 
Adding an article template (sometimes by means of a mediawiki template). Also, an article that has only this framework content, or little else. See also Outline articles and Article status.
otbp, OtBP 
Off the Beaten Path. A showcase article for a smaller, less well-known destination than the Destination of the Month.
pcotw, Pcotw, PCotW 
Previous collaboration(s) of the week.
pcotm, Pcotm, PCotM 
Previous collaboration(s) of the month.
plunge forward 
From Wikitravel:plunge forward. As a response to requests for permission, means "Go ahead and do it!" As a response to criticisms, means "Do it yourself!"
POV 
Point of view; content (allegedly) written from a biased perspective. Unlike Wikipedia, this is not banned on Wikitravel, as long as you stay fair. The opposite of NPOV.
ppf 
Please plunge forward. See above.
pub 
The Travellers' pub is the place to ask questions when you're confused, lost, afraid, tired, annoyed, thoughtful, or helpful.
RDF 
Resource Description Framework. Machine-readable descriptions used to generate, among other things, the breadcrumb navigation menus for articles.
redirect 
A redirection page is a page that automatically links to another page - see How to redirect a page for details.
revert, rv, rvt, rollback 
Restoring an article to a previous version. Used for unwanted edits like graffiti, vandalism, spam or whenever the reverting Wikitraveller feels that previous edit(s) worsened the quality of an article. Reverting hard means reverting more than one user's edits.
shared 
Wikitravel Shared, the "shared" site for all the different language versions of Wikitravel. Images should be uploaded to this site, as well as news or discussions that affect all Wikitravellers (not just English-speaking ones).
sleep test 
Whether an article passes the "Can you sleep there?" criterion in Wikitravel:What is an article? guideline that defines whether places should have their own articles.
sp 
Spelling correction(s).
star 
An outstanding article that has all the right content formatted and presented in exactly the right way. Star articles, in our opinion, are in coverage and usability comparable to or better than equivalent articles in commercial guidebooks. See also Star articles and Article status.
stub 
An article without much content, or without the headers used by article templates. See also Stub articles and Article status.
TMI 
Too Much Information. Usually refers to content that goes on at length describing a specific attraction, information that's not really relevant to the traveler, or which will be very difficult to keep current because it changes too often.
usable 
An article status rating higher than "outline" but lower than "guide".
vfd 
Listing an article or upload on the votes for deletion page for discussion prior to deletion, as per the Wikitravel deletion policy.
wp 
Short for Wikipedia. Usually used to mean that a link to Wikipedia has been added.
wt 
Short for WikiTravel.
w66 
Short for World66. Usually used to mean that a link to World66 has been added.
up 
Means a user's user page.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also jargon

German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Jargon

Wikipedia de

Noun

Jargon m. (genitive Jargons, plural Jargons)

  1. jargon

Derived terms


Simple English

Jargon is a special way to use words that are shared only by a certain group of people. They do not mean what the dictionary says they mean. They have different meanings to the people using them than their everyday meaning.

For example, the ordinary words boot, net, and web also have special meanings for users of computers, the Internet, and the World Wide Web. These, and to flame, to ping and many acronyms are part of net jargon.

An acronym means that only some of the letters in the word or phrase are used. Often this is the first letter of each word. Other acronyms found online are simply common shorthand. See list of slang words.

Usually, more jargon is created over time.

Jargon is also common in the military. It includes phrases like SNAFU.

Jargon can be used by a clique to prevent others from joining or understanding, but it also is often just used because it is shorter.

See also: idiom








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