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  • the Jarkov Mammoth (pictured) was found when Simion Jarkov noticed the protruding tusks on a hunting trip?

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Jarkov" Mammoth, still frozen in its ice-block after recovery.

The Jarkov Mammoth, (named for the family who discovered it) is a woolly mammoth[1] that was discovered in 1997 on the Siberian Taymyr Peninsula, by a nine-year-old boy. This particular mammoth is estimated to have lived about 20,000 years ago. It is likely to be male and probably died at age 47.

Contents

Discovery

Simion Jarkov was a young Dolgan living in the village of Khatanga, 500 miles (800 km) north of the Arctic Circle. Jarkov was visiting his family approximately 150 miles (240 km) further north in Novorybnoye. While hunting, he discovered the curved, 6-foot (1.8 m) tips of the tusks, which his brother reported to the Taymyr Nature Reserve.[2] An attempt was initially made to move the tusks. The director, Yuri Karbuinov, said:

"At first they tried to move the tusks, but I advised them to secure the site because it seemed to be a unique find."[2]

The Nature Reserve did not initially investigate the find, so the Jarkovs contacted well-known mammoth-hunter Bernard Buigues. On 18 October 1999, the block of mud and ice was lifted via helicopter to the ice cave in Khatanga.[3]

Research

The Jarkov Mammoth was recovered from a 23 tonne frozen block and transported to Khatanga under the supervision of French mammoth-hunter Bernard Buigues.[4]

It currently resides in an ice cave where over thirty-six scientists from all over the world, including Russian mammoth expert Alexei Tikhonov, study the find. The excavation and ongoing study of the Jarkov Mammoth has been recorded by the Discovery Channel.[4]

Bone marrow and Pleistocene plant samples have been removed and sent to various laboratories for analysis as the mammoth thaws. As of 2001, the intactness of the mammoth is unknown. Over 50 samples from the Jarkov Mammoth have been carbon-14 dated. Indications are that mammoths roamed the Taimyr region for tens of thousands of years.[4]

Scientists have determined that there were two periods when the mammoths left the region, either in search of food or to escape flooding: 34,000 to 30,000 BC and 17,000 to 12,000 BC. The Jarkov Mammoth is believed to have lived between these two periods, circa 18,380 BC.[4][2]

Cloning

Some scientists have expressed hopes that mammoth DNA may be extracted and cloned to bring the species back from extinction. However, other scientists, such as Alexei Tikhonov, have expressed concerns of the viability of any genetic material extracted. According to Tikhonov:

"You have to have a living cell for cloning, and not a single cell can survive in the permafrost."[3]

References

  1. ^ Mol, D. et al. (2001). The Jarkov Mammoth: 20,000-Year-Old carcass of a Siberian woolly mammoth Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach, 1799). The World of Elephants, Proceedings of the 1st International Congress (October 16-20 2001, Rome): 305-309. Full text pdf
  2. ^ a b c "Bringing The Mammoth Back To Life". SIGHTINGS. http://www.rense.com/ufo6/mam.htm. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  
  3. ^ a b "A Mammoth Excavation". WebCurrents. 2002. http://www.learnersonline.com/weekly/archive99/week43/index.htm. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  
  4. ^ a b c d DeLaine, Linda (15 March 2007). "Jarkov Mammoth". RussianLife.com. http://www.russianlife.com/article.cfm?Number=458. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  
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