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Jasper County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Jasper County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Seat Carthage
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

641 sq mi (1,660 km²)
640 sq mi (1,658 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.25%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

104,686
163/sq mi (63/km²)
Founded 1841
Website www.jaspercounty.org

Jasper County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is included in the Joplin, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. The 2000 total population of Jasper County was 104,686, but a 2008 count placed Jasper County total population at 116,813; making it the ninth most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Carthage[1]. Jasper County is notable as one of the few counties whose largest city, Joplin, is not the county seat. The county was organized in 1841 and named for Sgt. William Jasper, hero of the American Revolutionary War.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 641 square miles (1,661 km²), of which, 640 square miles (1,657 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (4 km²) of it (0.25%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 104,686 people, 41,412 households, and 27,953 families residing in the county. The population density was 164 people per square mile (63/km²). There were 45,571 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile (28/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.58% White, 1.48% Black or African American, 1.33% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.62% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 3.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 41,412 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,323, and the median income for a family was $37,611. Males had a median income of $28,573 versus $20,386 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,227. About 10.40% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Geographical History

Before European contact, the area that today makes up Jasper county was the domain of the Osage Indians who called themselves the Children of the Middle Waters (Ni-u-ko'n-ska). This was probably because their dominion encompassed the land between the Missouri and Osage rivers to the north, the Mississippi river to the east, and the Arkansas river to the south. To west were the great plains where they hunted buffalo.

A long standing tradition states that DeSoto spent the winter of 1541 in the area to the north and west of the Ozark mountains and camped in and around the Jasper county area. There is no evidence to substantiate this tradition as he left no records of his visit. The first verifiable European encounter with the Osage was in the late 17th century through their association with French fur traders who they supplied with pelts.

In 1682 Robert de La Salle canoed down the length of the Mississippi river to the Gulf of Mexico, naming the entire Mississippi basin “La Louisiane” in honor of Louis XIV. In 1699 Louisiana was named an administrative district of New France therefore, as far as the Europeans (France England and Span) were concerned, the area of Jasper county was French territory. The French further divided the Louisiana district into an upper and lower parts with the Arkansas river being the dividing line.

With France and Spain’s defeat in the Seven Years War in 1763, France ceded Louisiana to Spain and the most of the rest New France to the British who also received Florida from Spain. The Spanish District of New Madrid, containing present day Jasper county, was the southern most of the five Spanish districts comprising Upper Louisiana. France regained control of Louisiana through the secret treaty of San Ildefonso in 1800 but Napoleon decide to sell the territory to the United States in 1803.

The Osage began treaty-making with the United States in 1808 with the first secession of lands in Missouri (Osage Treaty). The Osage moved from their homelands on the Osage River in 1808 and moved to the Jasper county area of western Missouri. In 1825, the Osages ceded their traditional lands across Missouri, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. They were first moved onto a southeast Kansas reservation in the Cherokee Strip, on which the city of Independence, Kansas now sits and finally to Indian territory in 1872.

The Upper Louisiana Territory, including the Jasper county area, was renamed the Missouri Territory on June 4, 1812 to avoid confusion with the state of Louisiana which joined the Union in 1812 and the New Madrid District became New Madrid county. Old Lawrence county was established in 1815 from New Madrid county west of the St. Francis River and north of Arkansas county and consisted of all of present-day southwestern MO and part of Northwestern AR.

Lawrence county was short-lived, however, as three years later (1818) it was combined with part of Cape Girardeau county and renamed Wayne County. By 1819, Arkansas Territory had been created, and Wayne county lost some of it’s area but still consisted of most of southern Missouri from present-day Wayne county west to the Kansas State Line and south along the AR State Line.

In 1820 all of Missouri Territory was admitted into the Union as the state of Missouri and in 1831 Crawford county was carved out of the original Wayne. This new division covered all the southern part of Missouri and included in its boundaries, Jasper county. This alignment was also short lived as in 1833 Greene county was cut from Crawford county from the Niangua River west to the Kansas State Line.

January 5, 1835, a big piece was cut out of Greene and organized as "Barry" county. In 1838 Barry county was divided into four parts to be called Barry, Dade, Newton and Jasper counties. At this time Jasper was not a full fledged county but was attached to Newton county and it would not be until 1841.

County Organization

On January 29, 1841 the Missouri legislature enacted a bill authorizing the organization of Jasper county and was named in honor of Sergeant William Jasper, a hero in the American Revolutionary War. The County Court first divided the area into three townships: North Fork, Center Creek and Marion but later it was divided into 15 townships which remain in an unincorporated status to the present time.

A temporary seat of justice was established, Thursday, February 25, 1841 in the home of George Hornback, a log cabin, 12 x 16 feet, one and a half miles northwest of Carthage on Spring River. Samuel M. Coolley, Jeremiah Cravens and Samuel B. Bright were the first justices of the Jasper County Court. John P. Osborn, the first sheriff, was ordered to give public notice that the county court of Jasper county shall meet in the home of George Hornback until the permanent seat of justice was established.

A permanent county seat was chosen in March 1842 and designated by the name of Carthage. A one story room with a large door in the south, was completed on June 29, 1842, and was located on the north side of the present public square in Carthage.

Cities and towns

¹defunct

Cemeteries

See also

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

Coordinates: 37°12′N 94°20′W / 37.20°N 94.34°W / 37.20; -94.34

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Jasper County, Missouri
Map
File:Map of Missouri highlighting Jasper County.png
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the USA highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1841
Seat Carthage
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.25%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

104686
Website: www.jaspercounty.org

Jasper County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is included in the Joplin. As of 2000, the county's population was 104,686. Its county seat is Carthage6. Jasper County is notable as one of the few counties whose largest city, Joplin, is not the county seat. The county was organized in 1841 and named for Sgt. William Jasper, hero of the American Revolutionary War.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,661 km² (641 sq mi). 1,657 km² (640 sq mi) of it is land and 4 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.25%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 104,686 people, 41,412 households, and 27,953 families residing in the county. The population density was 63/km² (164/sq mi). There were 45,571 housing units at an average density of 28/km² (71/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 92.58% White, 1.48% Black or African American, 1.33% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.62% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 3.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 41,412 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,323, and the median income for a family was $37,611. Males had a median income of $28,573 versus $20,386 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,227. About 10.40% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

¹defunct


Coordinates: 37°12′N 94°20′W / 37.20, -94.34

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jasper County, Missouri. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Jasper County, MissouriRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Missouri  +
Short name Jasper County  +

This article uses material from the "Jasper County, Missouri" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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