Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Location of Jaunpur
in Uttar Pradesh and India
Coordinates 25°44′N 82°41′E / 25.73°N 82.68°E / 25.73; 82.68
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District(s) Jaunpur
Population 168851 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)

82 m (269 ft)

Jaunpur (Hindi: जौनपुर, Urdu: جون پور) is a city and a municipal board in Jaunpur district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Jaunpur district is located to the northwest of the district of Varanasi in the eastern part of the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. According to the 2001 census, Jaunpur district had a population of 3,911,678, with the urban area accounting for 168,851 people. Demographically, Jaunpur resembles the rest of the Purvanchal area in which it is located: a primarily rural, agricultural population with high illiteracy and a low human-development index. Despite these demographics, Jaunpur has produced a large number of academicians, researchers and civil servants.



Jaunpur's notable history dates from 1388, during a period in which the Sultan of Delhi Feroz Shah Tughlaq appointed Malik Sarwar, a eunuch, as the region's governor. The Sultanate was weakened by the 1398 sacking of Delhi by the Mongols under Timur, and Malik Sarwar then declared independence. He and his adopted son founded what came to be known as the Sharqi dynasty. During the Sharqi period, the Jaunpur Sultanate was a strong military power in Northern India, and on several occasions threatened the Delhi Sultanat.

Jaunpur was then a major center of Urdu and Sufi knowledge and culture. The Sharqi dynasty was known for its excellent communal relations between Muslims and Hindus, perhaps stemming from the fact that the Sharqis themselves were originally indigenous converts to Islam, as opposed to descendants of Persians or Afghans. Jaunpur's independence ended in 1480, when Sikander Lodhi, the Sultan of Delhi, conquered the city. For several years, the Sharqi kings attempted to retake the city, but ultimately failed.

Although many of the Sharqi monuments were destroyed when the Lodhis took the city, several important mosques remain, most notably the Atala Masjid, Jama Masjid (now known as the Bari (big mosque) Masjid) and the Lal Darwaza Masjid. The Jaunpur mosques display a unique architectural style, combining traditional Hindu and Muslim motifs with purely original elements. The old bridge over the Gomti River in Jaunpur dates from 1564, the era of the Mughal emperor Akbar. The Jaunpur Quilla, a fortress from the Tughlaq era, also remains in a ruined form.

Jaunpur district was annexed into British India based on the Permanent settlement of 1779, and thus became subject to the Zamindari system of land revenue collection. During the Revolt of 1857 the Sikh troops in Jaunpur joined the Indian rebels. Gurkha troops from Nepal eventually reconquered the district for the British. Jaunpur then became a district administrative center.

Modern Jaunpur district shares the underdevelopment of most of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. No major industries operate in the city, and traditional industries--such as perfume-making--have become increasingly unviable. Under initiatives of UP government, an Industrial Area has been set up in Sathariya region of the district to promote industrial growth and expansion. Land is being allotted to budding industrialists and government has plans to help the region's people develop more industries. In the past three years, Jaunpur city has seen a big co-operative presence in financial services, as well as in the organized retail sector. A big leap is expected for the city to emerge as the most booming city in this part of India within a few years.

Politically, Jaunpur is divided between the Samajwadi Party (SP), which tends to represent the interests of the Backward Castes, and the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), which tends to represent the interests of the Scheduled Castes, although other political parties have a significant presence, too. Jaunpur has a very high concentration of colleges compared to most districts in UP. It has more than 20 undergraduate colleges and 130 colleges up to high-school (twelfth grade - called "Intermediate" in the local system).

There are many major educational institutions in Jaunpur City that are famous throughout the nation. There is also a Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya situated 21 km south from the district headquarters on Lumbini - Duddhi Road in Katghara Village near Mariahu Tehsil.

Mr. Satyendra Narayan Singh has been responsible for founding and leading high-tech companies in engineering and IT industries. He has plans to establish a new IT park at Jaunpur City.

Tehsils of Jaunpur

There are six Tehsils in Jaunpur:

  1. Jaunpur,
  2. Mariahu,
  3. Badlapur,
  4. Shahganj,
  5. Kerakat,
  6. Machhali Shahar

Jaunpur is the district headquarters.

Rivers of jaunpur

There are five rivers Gomati, Sai, Varuna, basuhi and pili that make its land fertile. It is one of the most densely rural districts in UP.

The district has 3 Lok Sabha and 10 Vidhan Sabha constituencies. Mr. Anugrah Narayan Singh started a new venture at Jaunpur to establish careers for youths. He is the first in his district to do so and has won many awards.




Indian Railways connects Jaunpur with the major cities of India. It has three major railway stations: Jaunpur City Station (JOP), Jaunpur Junction (JNU)and Shahganj Junction (SHG). Varanasi Junction, Mughalsarai and Allahabad railway stations are also easily reachable from here. Godaan Express is a daily train to Mumbai from Jaunpur Junction; Shramjeevi, Sadhbhawana and Farakka Express are daily trains to Delhi. Kaifiyaat Express is the best available train from New Delhi to Shahganj.


Jaunpur is well-connected to Lucknow, Varanasi, Allahabad and other cities like Azamgarh, Mirzapur, Bhadohi, Sultanpur, Ghazipur etc. NH 56, SH-36 are the highway roads connecting Jaunpur with all the major cities of Uttar Pradesh.


Varanasi Airport (Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport) is located 42 km from Jaunpur city on NH 56 and numerous Domestic and International flights are available from the airport.


Sharqi Dynasty

  • Malik Sarwar Khwaja-yi Jahan (1394-1399)
  • Malik Qaranful Mubarrak Shah (1399-1401)
  • Ibrahim Shams-ud-Din (1401-1440)
  • Mahmud Shah (1440-1458)
  • Mohammed Shah Bhikan Khan (1458)
  • Husain Shah (1458-1483)

Educational institutes

List of notable institution of Jaunpur




  • prasad institute technology & management jaunpur
  • Byalasi Intermediate College jlalpur jaunpur
  • Dr. R.U. Singh Intermediate College, Pokhara, Dobhi, Jaunpur
  • Himtaj Degree College, Nevarhia
  • Shree Ganesh Rai Post-Graduate College (Karra College)
  • Shree Ganesh Rai Intermediate College
  • Tilak Dhari Post-Graduate College.(All Major Disciplines),
  • Janta Inter collage Ratnupur. Jaunpur.
  • Shree Girija Sharan Intermediate College Murkha, Dobhi, Jaunpur
  • Sukhmay Women's Degree College. Behda (Tedhegaon)
  • Mohammed Hasan P. G. College, Jaunpur
  • Dr. Akhtar Hasan Rizvi Degree College,Jaunpur
  • R. D. M Inter College, Jaunpur
  • Sajda GirlsInter College, Jaunpur
  • Tilak Dhari Singh Intermediate College, Jaunpur (All Major Disciplines)
  • Janta Inter College, Khaparaha, Jaunpur
  • Late Amar Nath Dwivedi Girls Inter College Travani Nager(Vijhwat) Jaunpur
  • janta inter college barsathi jaunpur
  • baderi inter college baderi jaunpur
  • Shri bajrang Inter College Ghanshyampur Jaunpur
  • Shri bajrang P.G. College Ghanshyampur Jaunpur
  • Raja shri krishna post gradute college,jaunpur


SIDA (Satharia Industrial Development Authority)

The Government of Uttar Pradesh established Satharia Industrial Development Authority in November 1989 under the U.P. Industrial Area Development Act, 1976 to facilitate concentrated effort on industrial development of eastern Uttar Pradesh.

In its first phase of activity, the Authority has a fully developed growth center area on 508 acres (2.06 km2) of land, under the growth center scheme of the Government of India.

Virtually all kinds of industrial, commercial and social infrastructural facilities, such as medical, educational, residential, roads, transportation, drainage, telecommunication, dedicated industrial power (33/11 kV supply), post office, bank water supply, community center, shopping center, field hostel, etc., have been fully established and are in operation.


A huge number of tourist attractions are found in Jaunpur. Every year thousands of visitors come from around the world to visit Jaunpur. The tourist attractions in Jaunpur include monuments, museums, and holy places.

Important landmarks of Janunpur include:




  • Archaeological Museum
  • Botanical Museum
  • Zoological Museum

Holy Places

Jaunpur Atala Masjid.
Jaunpur Jama Masjid
  • Atala Masjid
  • Jami Masjid
  • Lal Darwaza Masjid
  • Kadam Rasool
  • Sadar Imambara
  • Shitla Choukiya Dham
  • Temple of Maihar Devi
  • Temple of Sheetla Devi
  • Trilochan Mahadev Temple
  • temple of durga devi,jaunpur

Famous personalities

  • Lalji Singh: Former director of the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad, India. A prominent research scientist in the fields of molecular biology, DNA fingerprinting, silkworm genome analysis, human genome and ancient DNA studies.

Jaunpur has produced many more notable scientists, academicians and civil servants, who hold important positions both nationally and internationally.[citation needed]



As of 2001 India census[1], Jaunpur had a population of 159,996. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jaunpur has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 58%. In Jaunpur, 14% of the population are under 6 years of age.



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