Jean-Marie Doré: Wikis

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Jean-Marie Doré (born 1939?[1]) is a Guinean politician and the President of the Union for the Progress of Guinea (UPG), an opposition party.

Contents

Political career under Conté

A native of Guinea's Forestière region,[1][2] Doré emerged as an important opposition leader in the early 1990s.[1] He was a candidate in the 1993 presidential election and the 1998 presidential election.[3]

Doré, an intellectual known for his "fiery rhetoric and a sometimes outlandish persona", was a radical opponent and vitriolic critic of President Lansana Conté. Although the UPG was the only major opposition party to participate in the 2002 parliamentary election (the others chose to boycott it), Doré was alone among major opposition leaders in boycotting the March 2006 National Consultation, which proposed various reforms and a political transition.[2] Doré never participated in the government under Lansana Conté.[1]

Events since 2008

After nearly 25 years in power, Conté died in December 2008; elements of the military seized power in a coup d'état immediately upon his death, establishing the National Council for Democracy and Development (CNDD) as the ruling junta. Together with other opposition parties, as well as civil society groups and trade unions, the UPG then formed the Forum of Living Forces (Forum des Forces Vives, FFV), an opposition coalition that sought a quick transition to elections and civilian rule.[4] During that period, Doré played an important part in the opposition's talks with the CNDD[1] and was spokesman of the FFV.[5]

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September 2009 violence

Acting on behalf of the FFV, Doré met with CNDD President Moussa Dadis Camara on 19 September 2009 to explain the FFV's plans to hold a "peaceful rally" on 28 September. The rally was intended to demonstrate opposition to Camara's purported plans to stand as a presidential candidate in the planned elections. Camara expressed concerns, but after Doré assured him that the rally would be held inside a stadium and there would be no "protest marches", he gave permission for the rally to be held. Later, on 27 September, the junta banned any demonstrations on 28 September; nevertheless, the FFV went forward with its plans, saying that it had received no official rejection of its request.[6]

On the morning of 28 September, other opposition leaders met at Doré's home before leaving to participate in the demonstration. Doré remained at home because Camara had sent a group of religious leaders to his home with a message for the opposition leaders, attempting to persuade them to call off the demonstration.[7] By the time Doré reached the 28 September Stadium for the demonstration, he was unable to enter it due to the number of people who had gathered; thus he was not present with the other opposition leaders on the stadium's podium and could not reach them to deliver Camara's message. From his position outside the stadium, Doré watched as the soldiers began to shoot the opposition supporters. According to Doré's account, he was then assaulted by five soldiers from the Presidential Guard, two of whom had been fighters for the United Liberation Movement of Liberia for Democracy (ULIMO), and was nearly killed before Captain Moussa Tiégboro Camara, the commander of the Anti-Drug and Anti-Organized Crime Unit, intervened:[8]

"I know they were ULIMO because they talked about how they had been looking for me a long time, because I had opposed them in Liberia. They wore gris-gris around their necks. They were on drugs, and stank of alcohol. They demanded my cell phone, money, and jacket. Then they beat me on the head, hands, and shoulders. The two began to argue back and forth how they should kill me—one said, "Let's shoot him," and the other said, "No, let's cut his throat." They spoke to me in French, but it was bad French. What saved me is that at that moment the gendarme Tiégboro arrived. They were getting ready to kill me, those ULIMO, but I was saved by Tiégboro, who told them, "Leave Mr. Doré."[8]

Doré, while continuing to endure beatings from members of the Presidential Guard, was taken to a car by Tiégboro and driven away, along with the other opposition leaders, who had also been beaten. They were first taken to a clinic, but then moved to the gendarme headquarters when another commander threatened to kill them at the clinic. After a few hours, Doré and the other opposition leaders were taken to another clinic on Camara's orders. In the evening, a government delegation went to the clinic, apologized to the opposition leaders, and told them they were free to leave.[8]

Transition

Camara was shot and wounded during a leadership dispute in December 2009, and Sékouba Konaté then took his place in an acting capacity. Konaté said that the opposition could choose a new Prime Minister to serve in the period leading up to a new election. On 15 January 2010, the FFV proposed two candidates for the post, Doré and the key union leader Rabiatou Serah Diallo, telling Konaté to choose between them.[5] Konaté's spokesman said that Doré and Diallo would need to travel to Ouagadougou for talks with Konaté, the recovering Camara, and Burkinabé President Blaise Compaoré, who was acting as mediator.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Saliou Samb, "Possible candidates for Guinean PM job", Reuters, 14 January 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Guinea in Transition", Crisis Group Africa Briefing N°37, 11 April 2006, pages 5–6
  3. ^ Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, page 275.
  4. ^ "Bloody Monday: the September 28 Massacre and Rapes by Security Forces in Guinea", Human Rights Watch, December 2009, page 19.
  5. ^ a b Mathieu Bonkoungou, "Guinea's Camara to stay abroad, two proposed for PM", Reuters, 15 January 2010.
  6. ^ "Bloody Monday", pages 21–22.
  7. ^ "Bloody Monday", pages 25.
  8. ^ a b c "Bloody Monday", pages 44–46.
  9. ^ Romaric Ollo Hien, "Guinea seeks new prime minister after crisis deal", AFP, 16 January 2010.

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