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Jean Bureau: Wikis


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Bureau's coat-of-arms.

Jean Bureau (died 5 July 1463) was the Master Gunner of the French artillery under Charles VII during the final years of the Hundred Year's War. Bureau was born in Champagne, but later moved to Paris, where he worked for the English government during the occupation. In 1439 Charles VII made Bureau master of artillery in his army. He served in Normandy, at the sieges of Pontoise and Harfleur and the capture of Bayeux. In 1453 he led the French army in what is considered the last battle of the Hundred Years War, the Battle of Castillon at which he defeated the Earl of Shrewsbury, Sir John Talbot,. In his work as master of artillery for the king of France Jean Bureau was assisted by his brother Gaspard Bureau (1393–1469). Later John was made Lord of Montglat, and afterwards Mayor of Bordeaux. He was knighted in 1461. He died in Paris on 5 July 1463.


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