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Jean François de Bette, 3rd Marquis of Lede (Brussels, December 6, 1672 - Madrid, January 11, 1725) was a Belgian military commander in Spanish service from the Eighteenth century.

He was lord of the Fiefdom of Lede in Flanders, which had become a marquissate awarded by king Felipe IV of Spain on 3rd August 1633 to his grandfather Whilelmus de Bette y de Berghes , (circa 1570 - 23 June 1658 at Duinkerken). seigneur of Lede, Angrolus, Autreppe, Péronne, Angereau, Esegem, Croix, Gosette, Hollebeke, Clareau, Impe, Muysbroeck and others, and a Knight of the Spanish Military Order of Santiago.

he was the son of Ambrosius Augustinus de Bette, 2nd Marquis of Lede, (1602 - 8 December 1677), baron of Péronne, and Dorothea Brigitta Frederika de Croy Solre, (1606 - Mechelen, now in Belgium, 27 January 1706), married on 23 January 1671 at Condé.

Born in the Spanish Netherlands, in December 1672, he served the Spanish Crown for most of his life.
. He served as Commander-General of Aragon and Majorca.

On 31 March 1703 he became a Knight of the Golden Fleece. He was also president of the Spanish War Council, 1724.

He is best known for his part in the War of the Quadruple Alliance, when he commanded the Spanish troops who tried to conquer Sicily back from the Austrians in 1718 - 1719. He was victorious in the Battle of Milazzo (1718) and Battle of Francavilla (1719).The Quadruple Alliance was constituted , 2nd August 1718, by the Austrian Empire, England, France and the Duchy of Savoy against the itching wishes of the Spaniards on controlling again with their Navy, the West Mediterranean Italian territories as in the last three centuries before the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht.

He was also Viceroy of Sicily during this short occupation of the island.

In 1720-1721 he led a successful expedition to lift the siege of Ceuta by Sultan Moulay Ismail. He was awarded the Grandee of Spain by king Felipe V of Spain on 6th May 1721.

He married, 11th December 1722, in Condé, with the 16 year-old Princess Anna Maria Louise Charlotte de Croy-Roeulx, daughter of Philippe-François de Croy from the House of Croÿ.

Their only son Emmanuel Ferdinand Francois Joseph de Bette, 4th Marquis of Lede, (Madrid, Spain, 13 January 1724 - 6th July 1792) died without heirs.

The title is still nowadays used by the half- Basque "Pérez de Guzmán" - "Macaya" industrialists family, dealing with lubricants and water proofing materials. Macaya in itself is however a rare family name coming rather from Zaragoza.

Some references


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