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Jeep Patriot
Jeep Patriot
Manufacturer DaimlerChrysler (2007)
Chrysler LLC (2008-present)
Also called Jeep Liberty (in Russia)
Production 2007 — present
Assembly Belvidere, Illinois, United States
Class Compact Crossover SUV
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Layout Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform Chrysler PM/MK platform
Engine(s) 2.4 L (144 cid) GEMA I4
2.0 L (122 cid) GEMA I4
2.0 L (120 cid) diesel I4 (Europe and Australia only)[1]
Transmission(s) 5-speed manual
CVT
Wheelbase 103.7 in (2,634 mm)
Length 173.6 in (4,409 mm)
Width 69.1 in (1,755 mm)
Height 2007-09: 64.4 in (1,636 mm)
2010-Present: 65.7 in (1669 mm)
Related Mitsubishi Lancer
Jeep Compass
Dodge Caliber
Mitsubishi Outlander
Chrysler Sebring
Dodge Avenger
Chrysler Sebring (convertible)

The Jeep Patriot (MK74) is a compact crossover SUV introduced in early 2007 for the 2007 model year by the Jeep marque of Chrysler. It debuted publicly in April 2006 at the New York Auto Show and slots between the Compass and Liberty in the Jeep lineup. Market-wise, it is the least-expensive SUV in North America and one of the cheapest SUV-standard crossovers up to date.

The Compass and Patriot are both based on the DaimlerChrysler/Mitsubishi GS platform. These vehicles are differentiated by their styling and marketing: The Patriot is a traditionally styled 4-door Jeep wagon, while the Compass shares a more in-town hatchback look, similar in terms to the Dodge Caliber.

In a press conference on November 4, 2009, Chrysler LLC, now 20% under Fiat ownership, announced that both the Patriot and Compass would get modifications for 2010, but will be discontinued by 2012, to be replaced by a single Fiat-based model.[2]

Contents

Design

The Patriot and Compass are both based on the DaimlerChrysler/GS platform. These vehicles are differentiated by their styling and marketing: The Patriot is a traditional four-door Jeep wagon, similar to the Cherokee, which was discontinued in the U.S. in 2001, while the Jeep Compass is intended as a sporty crossover, but with more capacity to handle rough roads and poor weather than competitors like the Pontiac Vibe. The Dodge Caliber, also based on the GS platform, is a more direct competitor to the Pontiac Vibe and Toyota Matrix, and is more like a small hatchback than either of the Jeeps. The Patriot is manufactured at DaimlerChrysler's Belvidere, Illinois assembly plant alongside the Dodge Caliber and Compass.

The Patriot uses a four-cylinder 2.0L or 2.4 L GEMA gasoline I4 engine and also has a 2.0 L (1968 cc; 120 cid) Volkswagen-designed diesel engine for the European and Australian markets.[1] The base car features front-wheel drive, but a choice of two electronically-controlled four-wheel drive systems is optional. One, the Freedom Drive I, is a full-time system for on-road use. Freedom Drive II is made for off-road use with variable torque between speeds of 25 mph (40 km/h) and 65 mph (105 km/h) for optimal handling. The 2.0 L GEMA I4 is an option for the 4X2 model Patriot.

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Total U.S. sales

Calendar Year Sales
2007[3] 40,434
2008[4] 55,654
2009[5] 31,432

Off-Roading Capabilities

The Freedom Drive II-equipped Patriot uses a continuously variable transmission with a low range instead of a traditional two-speed transfer case, but has Jeep's "Trail Rated" badging, signifying that it "has been designed to perform in five categories of off-road conditions: traction, ground clearance, maneuverability, articulation, and water fording." The Freedom Drive II Patriot is among the most offroad-capable vehicles in its class, thanks in part to the presence of the off-road Brake Traction Control which is not available with Freedom Drive I. This allows the vehicle to maintain forward motion if one or two wheels lose traction by selectively applying brakes to the spinning wheels. This is a major improvement over a conventional AWD system, if the conventional AWD system is fitted to a vehicle intended for onroad use with open differentials only, in which a loss of traction in one front and one rear wheel at the same time would leave the vehicle stuck.

Model Engine Power Torque Transmission
Sport 2.4 L GEMA I4 172 hp (128 kW) 165 lb·ft (224 N·m) 5-speed manual
Limited CVT

Electric version

At the 2009 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, the Jeep Patriot was added to Chrysler's ENVI lineup. As with the previously announced Jeep Wrangler EV, the Jeep Patriot EV is an extended-range electric vehicle (EREV, also called a plug-in hybrid vehicle), capable of traveling 40 miles (64 km) solely on battery power and up to 400 miles (640 km) on a single tank of gas.[6]

Miscellanea

  • Russian car manufacturer UAZ also has a utility vehicle named "Patriot", so Jeep Patriot is sold in Russia as Jeep Liberty (not to be confused with the North American Jeep Liberty). Incidentally, the UAZ product line has roots in the original WWII-era Jeep that was supplied by US to USSR.

References

Inline
General

External links


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