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Jeff Beck

Jeff Beck at the Palais, Melbourne, Australia
26 January 2009
Courtesy of Mandy Hall
Background information
Born 24 June 1944 (1944-06-24) (age 65)
Wallington, England
Genres Blues-rock, jazz fusion, instrumental rock, hard rock, electronica
Occupations Musician, songwriter
Instruments Guitar, bass, talk box, vocals
Years active 1965–present
Labels EMI, Epic
Associated acts The Yardbirds, The Jeff Beck Group, The Honeydrippers, Beck, Bogert & Appice,Stevie Ray Vaughan, Big Town Playboys, Upp
Website www.jeffbeck.com
Notable instruments
Fender Jeff Beck Signature Model Stratocaster
Jeff Beck 1954 Les Paul Oxblood

Geoffrey Arnold "Jeff" Beck (born 24 June 1944) is an English rock guitarist. He was one of the three noted guitarists which include Eric Clapton and Jimmy Page, to have played with The Yardbirds. He was ranked 14th in Rolling Stone Magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".[1]

MSNBC has called Beck a "guitarist's guitarist"[2] and Rolling Stone Magazine has described him as "one of the most influential lead guitarists in rock".[3]

Much of Beck's recorded output has been instrumental, with a focus on innovative sound and his releases have spanned genres ranging from blues-rock, heavy metal, jazz fusion and most recently, an additional blend of guitar-rock and electronica. Beck has earned wide critical praise; furthermore, he has received the Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance five times. Although he has had two hit albums (in 1975 and 1976) as a solo act, Beck has not been able to establish and maintain a broad following or the sustained commercial success of many of his collaborators and bandmates.[2]

Beck appears on albums by Roger Waters, Les Paul, Zucchero, Cyndi Lauper, Brian May and ZZ Top. He also made a cameo appearance in the movie Twins (1988) starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Danny DeVito and Nicolette Larson.

He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on 4 April 2009.[4] The award was presented by Jimmy Page.[5]

Contents

Early life

Beck was born in 1944 to Arnold and Ethel Beck in Wallington, England. As a ten year old, Beck sang in a church choir. As a teenager he learned to play a borrowed guitar and then made several attempts to build his own instrument. His first attempt was by gluing and bolting together a selection of cigar boxes for the body and an unsanded fence-upright for a neck (forgetting the washers so that the bolt head sank into the wood). The strings were aircraft control line wires, both single and double stranded were used depending on the effect he wanted to achieve. The frets, however, were a different matter. In an unknowing portent for the future use of fretless guitar, the frets were simply painted on. Another attempt at a home-build was when he studiously cut a body from a very thick piece of wood. When fabricating the neck he attempted to use memorised measurements. Unfortunately the measurements he had remembered were those of a bass guitar. In his book Mo Foster quotes Beck[6] as saying

"The scale was so bad that it was only playable with a capo at the fifth fret...I was interested in the electric guitar even before I knew the difference between electric and acoustic. The electric guitar seemed to be a totally fascinating plank of wood with knobs and switches on it. I just had to have one

Beck is cited as saying that the first electric guitar player he singled out as impressing him was Les Paul.[6] Cliff Gallup, lead guitarist with Gene Vincent and the Blue Caps was an early musical influence, followed by Chuck Berry and Steve Cropper.[7] Upon leaving school he attended Wimbledon College of Art, after which he briefly was employed as a painter and decorator, a groundsman on a golf course, and a job spray painting cars. Beck's sister would also play an instrumental role in introducing him to another teen hopeful named Jimmy Page.

Career

He began his career in the 1960s, working as a session guitarist. In March 1965 Beck was recruited to replace Eric Clapton in The Yardbirds, on the recommendation of fellow session man, Jimmy Page, who had been their initial choice.[8] It was during his tenure with the Yardbirds that the band recorded most of their Top 40 hit songs.

Beck's time with The Yardbirds was short, allowing him only one full album; Yardbirds which became known as Roger the Engineer (1966). He spent the September to November 1966 sharing the dual lead guitar role with Jimmy Page, who originally joined the Yardbirds as a bass player[8] in June of that year.

Beck at the Commodore Ballroom Vancouver Canada, 2001
Photo:Matt Gibbons

In February 1967 after recording the one-off song "Beck's Bolero" (with Jimmy Page, John Paul Jones, Nicky Hopkins, and Keith Moon) and having two solo vocals hit singles in the UK ("Hi Ho Silver Lining" and "Tallyman") Beck formed a new band called The Jeff Beck Group, which featured him on lead guitar, Rod Stewart on vocals, Ronnie Wood on bass, Nicky Hopkins on piano, and a series of drummers, eventually settling on Micky Waller. During 1967 Pink Floyd wanted Beck to become their guitarist after the departure of Syd Barrett[9] but this never transpired. Nick Mason recalls in his autobiography that, "None of us had the nerve to ask him".[10]

The group produced two albums for Columbia Records: Truth (August 1968) and Beck-Ola (July 1969). Both albums are highly acclaimed. Truth, released five months before the first Led Zeppelin album, features a cover of "You Shook Me", a song first recorded by Willie Dixon which was also covered on the Led Zeppelin debut. It sold well (reaching number 15 on the Billboard charts) and received great critical praise,[citation needed] Beck-Ola while well-received, was less successful both commercially and critically. Resentment, coupled with touring-related incidents, led the group to dissolve in July 1969.

After the breakup he took part in the Music From Free Creek super session project, appearing as "A.N. Other" and contributed lead guitar on four songs, including one co-written by Beck himself. After deciding not to continue working with Stewart he teamed up with bassist Tim Bogert and drummer Carmine Appice, the rhythm section of the Vanilla Fudge. In September 1969 Bogert and Appice came to England to start resolving their contractual issues, but when Beck fractured his skull in a car accident near Maidstone in December 1969 the plan ended up being postponed for two and a half years, during which time Bogert and Appice formed Cactus. Meanwhile, Rod Stewart teamed up with Ronnie Wood and the Small Faces.

In 1970, when Beck had regained his health he set about forming a band with entirely new members. His first recruit was drummer Cozy Powell. Beck, Powell and producer Mickie Most flew to the USA and recorded several tracks at Motown Studios with Motown session men, but the results remained unreleased. By April 1971, Beck had finalised the line-up of his new group (which kept the name of Jeff Beck Group although it had a substantially different sound from the first line-up) with guitarist and vocalist Bobby Tench, keyboard player Max Middleton and bassist Clive Chaman.

Rough and Ready (October 1971) was the first album recorded by this line-up and Beck wrote or co-wrote six of the album's seven tracks (the exception written by pianist Middleton). Rough and Ready included elements of soul, rhythm and blues and jazz, foreshadowing the direction Beck's music would take later in the decade.

A second album Jeff Beck Group (July 1972) was recorded at TMI studios in Memphis, Tennessee, using the same personnel[11] and Beck employed Steve Cropper as producer.[12] This album displayed a strong soul influence with five of the nine tracks being covers of songs by American artists. One such track "I Got To Have A Song" was the first of four Stevie Wonder compositions covered by Beck. Shortly after the release of the Jeff Beck Group album the band was officially dissolved and Beck's management put out this statement:

The Fusion of the musical styles of the various members has been successful within the terms of individual musicians, but they didn't feel it had led to the creation of a new musical style with the strength they had originally sought.[13]

Beck then started to work on achieving his long time ambition of collaborating with bassist Tim Bogert and drummer Carmine Appice, who became available following the demise of Cactus. Beck immediately continued touring as Jeff Beck Group in August 1972 to fulfil contractual obligations with his promoter, with a new line-up including Bogert, Appice, Max Middleton and vocalist Kim Milford. After only six appearances Milford was replaced by Bobby Tench, who was flown in from UK[14] in time for the Arie Crown Theatre Chicago performance and appeared with the band for the rest of the tour.[15] The tour concluded at the Paramount North West Theatre in Washington.[16]

Jeff Beck performing at the Crossroads Guitar Festival 2007

After this US tour Tench and Middleton left the band when Beck formed the power trio Beck, Bogert & Appice. Drummer Appice also took on the role of vocalist with help from Bogert and Beck[16]. Still billed as Jeff Beck Group they were included on the bill for Rock at The Oval in September 1972, which marked the start of a tour schedule of UK, the Netherlands and Germany . A US tour began in October 1972, starting at the Hollywood Sportatorium Florida and concluded on November 11, 1972, at The Warehouse New Orleans[17].

In April 1973 Beck, Bogert & Appice was released (on Epic Records) and featured the long-awaited line-up of Beck, Bogert & Appice. While critics acknowledged the band's instrumental prowess the album was not well received, except for its cover of Wonder's "Superstition". On 3 July 1973 Beck appeared as a guest artist during the David Bowie and The Spiders from Mars tour, when he joined Bowie on-stage to perform "The Jean Genie/Love Me Do" and "Round and Round". Even though the show was recorded and filmed, none of the released editions included the performances with Beck.

During October 1973 Beck recorded tracks for Michael Fennelly's[18] album Lane Changer and attended sessions with Hummingbird, a band derived from The Jeff Beck Group, but did not to contribute to their eponymous first album[19]

Early in January 1974 the band played at the Rainbow Theatre, as part of a European tour. The concert was broadcast in full on the US show Rock Around the World in September the same year. This was the last recorded work by the band and previewed material which was intended for a second studio album and songs from these performances were included on the bootleg At Last Rainbow. The tracks Blues Deluxe and BBA Boogie from this concert were later included on the Jeff Beck compilation Beckology (1991).[20]

Beck, Bogert & Appice dissolved in April 1974, before their second studio album (produced by Jimmy Miller) was finished and Beck, Bogert & Appice Live in Japan recorded during their tour of Japan in 1973, was released in February 1975 by Epic/Sony. Jeff Beck produced and played on UPP's self titled debut album. Beck produced their second album 'This way' released in 1976 and plays on the tracks "Dance Your Troubles Away" and "Don't Want Nothing To Change".

Beck playing in 1973
Photo: Jean-Luc Ourlin

After a few months recuperation, Beck entered Underhill Studio to work on new ideas. There he met with the group UPP, whom he recruited as backing band for his appearance on the BBC TV programme "Guitar Workshop" in August 1974. In October Beck began to record instrumentals at AIR Studios. During these sessions he worked with keyboard player Max Middleton, bassist Phil Chen and drummer Richard Bailey, using George Martin as producer and strings arranger. Blow by Blow (March 1975) evolved from these sessions and showcased Beck's technical prowess in jazz-rock. The album reached number four in the charts and is Beck's most commercially successful release.

Beck was fastidious about overdubs and was often dissatisfied with his solos and returned to AIR Studios to record his performances until he was satisfied that he had performed his best. A couple of months after the sessions had finished Martin received a telephone call from Beck, who wanted to record a solo section again. Bemused, Martin replied: "I'm sorry, Jeff, but the record is in the shops![6] Following an inconclusive audition to replace Mick Taylor in the Rolling Stones,[citation needed] Beck put together a live band for a US tour which was preceded by a small and unannounced gig in London. He toured through April and May 1975, mostly supporting the Mahavishnu Orchestra) having retaining Max Middleton on keyboards but with the new rhythm section of Wilbur Bascomb (bass) and noted session drummer Bernard "Pretty" Purdie. During this tour he performed at Yuya Uchida's "World Rock Festival" playing a total of eight songs with Bernard Purdie. In addition he performed a guitar and drum instrumental with Johnny Yoshinaga and at the end of the festival joined in a live jam with Felix Pappalardi with Akira from the Flower Travellin Band.Only his set with Purdiewas recorded and released.

He returned to the studio and recorded Wired (1976), which paired the drummer and composer Narada Michael Walden and keyboardist Jan Hammer. The album used a jazz-rock fusion style which sounded similar to the work of his two collaborators. To promote the album Beck joined forces with the Jan Hammer Group and they played a show supporting Alvin Lee at The Roundhouse in May 1976, before embarking on a seven-month long world tour. This resulted in the live album Jeff Beck with The Jan Hammer Group - Live (1977).

At this point, Beck was a tax exile and took up residency in the USA, remaining there until his return to the UK in the autumn of 1977. In the spring of 1978 he began rehearsing with bassist Stanley Clarke and drummer Gerry Brown towards a projected appearance at the Knebworth Festival, but this was cancelled after Brown dropped out. Beck toured Japan for three weeks in November 1978 with an ad-hoc group consisting of Clarke and newcomers Tony Hymas (keyboards) and Simon Phillips (drums) from Jack Bruce's band. Work then began on a new studio album at The Who's Ramport Studios in London and continued sporadically throughout 1979, resulting in There and Back in June 1980. It featured three tracks composed and recorded with Jan Hammer, while five were written with Hymas. Stanley Clarke was replaced by Mo Foster on bass, both on the album and the subsequent tours. Its release was followed by extensive touring in the USA, Japan and the UK.

Beck with Tal Wilkenfeld on the 2007 Crossroads Guitar Festival tour
Photo: Mandy Hall

In 1981 Beck made a series of historic live appearances with his Yardbirds predecessor Eric Clapton at the Amnesty International The Secret Policeman's Other Ball benefit shows. He appeared with Clapton on "Crossroads", "Further On Up The Road", and his own arrangement of Stevie Wonder's "Cause We've Ended As Lovers". Beck also featured prominently in the all-star band finale performance of "I Shall Be Released" with Clapton, Sting, Phil Collins, Donovan and Bob Geldof. Beck's contributions were seen and heard in the resulting album and film, both of which achieved worldwide success in 1982. Another benefit show, the ARMS Concert for Multiple Sclerosis featured a jam with Beck, Eric Clapton and Jimmy Page. they performed Tulsa Time and Layla. This is the only time all of the Yardbirds lead guitarists appeared on stage together.[citation needed]

Beck went on to record sporadically, due largely to a long battle with noise-induced tinnitus) and recorded with Rod Stewart, Jan Hammer Hymas and Terry Bozzio). his Rockabilly influenced album Crazy Legs (1993) included songs by Gene Vincent and was recorded with The Big Town Play Boys.

Beck rehearsed with Guns 'N' Roses for their concert in Paris in 1992, but did not play in the actual concert due to ear damage caused by a Matt Sorum cymbal crash, causing Beck to become temporarily deaf. The Yardbirds were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992. In Beck's acceptance speech he succinctly noted that:

Someone told me I should be proud tonight...But I'm not, because they kicked me out. ...They did... Fuck them![21]
Jeff Beck at the Enmore Theatre, Sydney
Photo: Mandy Hall

He accompanied Paul Rodgers of Bad Company on the album Muddy Water Blues: A Tribute to Muddy Waters in 1993. Jeff Beck won his third Grammy Award, this one for 'Best Rock Instrumental Performance' for the track "Dirty Mind" from You Had It Coming. The 2003 release of Jeff "Plan B" from this release earned him his fourth Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance and was proof that the new electro-guitar style he used for the two earlier albums would continue to dominate.

He was the opening act for B.B. King in the summer of 2003 and appeared at Eric Clapton's Crossroads Guitar Festival in 2004. In 2007 Jeff Beck accompanied Kelly Clarkson for her cover of Patty Griffin's "Up to the Mountain (MLK Song)", during the Idol Gives Back episode of American Idol. The performance was recorded live and was immediately released for sale afterwards. In the same year he appeared once again at Clapton's Crossroads Festival and included the then eighteen-year old bassist Tal Wilkenfeld. Beck announced a world tour in early 2009 and remained faithful to the same lineup of musicians as in his tour two years before.

During 2008 Beck joined Morrissey on "Black Cloud" Years of Refusal (2009) and in 2009 Harvey Goldsmith became Beck's Manager.[22] On July 4, 2009 David Gilmour joined Beck onstage at the Albert Hall. Beck and Gilmour traded solos on Jerusalem and closed the show with Hi Ho Silver Lining. According to Rollingstone.com, Beck's new album, titled Emotion & Commotion will be released in April 2010.[23]

Temperament

Stories about Beck's temperament began to circulate early on in his career. His perfectionism, coupled with the faulty equipment often in use during the 1960s, led to many stories about his willingness to take out frustrations on his equipment.[citation needed] The 1966 movie Blow-up contains a scene where the Yardbirds perform "Stroll On" and Beck becomes so enraged by equipment problems that he smashes his guitar. Although this scene was staged for the movie, it was a re-creation of an actual event that director Michelangelo Antonioni witnessed at a concert of The Who.[24] This was also spoofed in the movie This is Spinal Tap. It is thought that the character Nigel Tufnel in the movie This is Spinal Tap is based on Beck.[25]

Influences

One of the most influential guitarists in the history of rock himself,[3][26][27] Jeff Beck has cited his major influences as Les Paul,[6] Cliff Gallup, Gene Vincent,[28] Chet Atkins, Django Reinhardt and Lonnie Mack.[29] Of John McLaughlin, he said: "he has given us so many different facets of the guitar. And introduced thousands of us to world music, by blending Indian music with jazz and classical. I'd say he was the best guitarist alive."[30]

While Beck was not the first rock guitarist to experiment with electronic distortion, he nonetheless helped to redefine the sound and role of the electric guitar in rock music. Beck's work with The Yardbirds and The Jeff Beck Group's 1968 album Truth were seminal influences on heavy metal music, which emerged in full force in the early 1970s.[31]

Technique and equipment

"...we shared a dressing room with the Yardbirds. At that point, it was kind of a peak period, Jimmy Page was playing bass; he had just joined the band. Chris Dreja was still playing rhythm guitar, Jeff Beck was playing lead through a Super Beatle and using banjo strings for the unwound G, 'cos they didn't make sets with an unwound G at that point. So he used banjo strings to complete his set. When he was in the dressing room, our guitar player went into his guitar case trying to find out his secrets and found a banjo string. I think he actually took one."

Jeff Beck does not rely heavily on electronic effects. Beck stopped regular use of a pick (plectrum) in the 1980s. He produces a wide variety of sounds by using his fingers and the vibrato bar on his signature Fender Stratocaster, although he frequently uses a wah-wah pedal both live and in the studio. As Eric Clapton once said, "With Jeff, it’s all in his hands".[32] Along with Fender Stratocasters, Beck occasionally plays Fender Telecaster and Gibson Les Paul models as well. His amplifiers are primarily Fender and Marshall. In his earlier days with the Yardbirds, Beck also used a Fender Esquire guitar through Vox AC30s. He has also played through a variety of fuzz pedals and echo-units along with this set-up and has used the Pro Co RAT distortion pedal.

He is noted for changes of musical style and direction throughout his career. Ritchie Blackmore once praised this aspect of Jeff in an interview to Martin K. Webb, when the interviewer asked him what he means by "chance music", he replied:

"If you hold your guitar against the amp you might get a harmonic feedback, or you might get nothing. But that's what interests me: Playing with electricity. Like I can turn on some jazz guitarist, and he won't do a thing for me, if he's not playing electrically. But Jeff Beck's great to listen to, because he takes a chance, and when it comes off it's so emotional. When he gets feedback going right it's like an orchestra playing instead of just a guitar with a lot of brilliant runs. Actually, the real art of chance music is knowing what to do if you don't get what you tried for. Like if a ballet dancer falls over, it's knowing how to get out looking clumsy that counts. Beck takes a chance every night. Sometimes, he's absolutely useless, and you wonder why he's got a name. Other times he pulls things off that sound like nothing you've heard before. He's one of my favorite guitarists. But taking all those chances is why he gets such bad reviews, sometimes. The reviewers sometime catch him on nights when it doesn't work. The kind of things that you do in that kind of playing are subconscious and depend on what type of day you've had and thing like that. If I've read a lot, or if I've had a game of chess and my mind's working, I can play much better than if I've had a lazy day of sitting in a car or plane. But also, I just think there are good days and bad days, all having to do with the cycle of life. You know-thirty days forward and then ten days backward."

During the ARMS charity concerts in 1983 Beck used his battered Fender Esquire along with a 1954 Fender Stratocaster and a Jackson Soloist. On the Crazy Legs (1993) he played a Gretsch Duo Jet, his signature Fender Stratocaster and various other guitars. Recently Fender created a Custom Shop Tribute series version of his beat-up Fender Esquire as well as his Artist Signature series Stratocaster. The Seymour Duncan SH-4 JB guitar pickup was designed for him.[citation needed]

Personal life

Beck is a vegetarian[33] and when not touring or recording he rarely plays guitar.[citation needed] He has an interest in classic Ford hot rods.

Discography

Year Album US Charts RIAA Certification Notes
1968 Truth 15 Gold First album with original line up of Jeff Beck Group
1969 Beck-Ola 15 Gold Second album with original line up of Jeff Beck Group
1971 Rough and Ready 46 First album with new line up of Jeff Beck Group
1972 Jeff Beck Group 19 Gold Second album with new line up of Jeff Beck Group
1973 Beck, Bogert & Appice Gold Only studio album with Beck, Bogert & Appice
1975 Blow by Blow 4 Platinum First solo album
1975 UPP - - Plays guitar and produced this debut album by UPP
1976 Wired 16 Platinum Second solo album
1980 There and Back 21 Contains one of his more acclaimed pieces: "The Pump"
1985 Flash 42 Grammy award winner
1989 Jeff Beck's Guitar Shop 49 Grammy award winner
1992 Frankie's House - Soundtrack collaboration with Jed Lieber
1993 Crazy Legs Album with covers of Gene Vincent's songs
1999 Who Else! 99 Album with influence of electronic music
2001 You Had It Coming 110 One of his most experimental works
2003 Jeff Grammy award winner
2010 Emotion & Commotion
Live Albums
1974 Live in Japan First live album
1977 Jeff Beck With the Jan Hammer Group Live 23 Gold Last album with RIAA Certification
2006 Live At BB King Blues Club Official bootleg
2007 Official Bootleg USA '06 Official bootleg
2008 Performing This Week...Live At Ronnie Scotts Complemented later with a DVD that was certified Platinum for the US sales of 'Jeff Beck performing this week.. live at Ronnie Scott's'. This is an extreme rarity for a music concert DVD of any musical genre. Grammy award winner.
Compilations
1991 Beckology Included songs from Beck's early bands such as Tridents and Yardbirds
1995 Best of Beck Abbreviated compilation

Associations

See also

References

  • Carson, Annette. Jeff Beck: Crazy Fingers. Backbeat books (2002). ISBN 0-87930-632-7
  • Horjt, Chris and Hinman, Doug. Jeff's book : A chronology of Jeff Beck's career 1965-1980 : from the Yardbirds to Jazz-Rock. Rock 'n' Roll Research Press, (2000). ISBN 0-9641005-3-3
  • Foster, Mo.17 watts?: The Birth of British Rock Guitar. Sanctuary (1997 and 2000). ISBN 978-186074-267-5

Notes

  1. ^ "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Rolling Stone Magazine. 2003-08-27. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5937559/the_100_greatest_guitarists_of_all_time/. 
  2. ^ a b "The guitarist's player". Top Ten Rock Guitarists. MSNBC. 2008. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15425867/displaymode/1107/s/1/framenumber/6/. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  3. ^ a b "Jeff Beck Biography". rollingstone.com. http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/jeffbeck/biography. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  4. ^ Run-D.M.C., Metallica nominated for Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Associated Press 22 September 2008
  5. ^ "The Associated Press: Run-DMC, Metallica lead list of 2009 Rock Hall". google.com (News). http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5hREPMeeR5GfDTBELMODMLmXmjLWgD95N3FTO1. Retrieved 2010-28-01. 
  6. ^ a b c d Foster, Mo. 17 Watts? The Birth of British Rock Guitar. Sanctuary Publishing. p. 13, 119, 120, 315. 
  7. ^ Interview with Vh1 History of Rock and Roll.
  8. ^ a b "Yardbird - How He Became England's". Hit Parader. April 1966. http://www.ainian.com/HitParader_April66.pdf. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  9. ^ K Whitlock. "Record Collector Interview". Pink Floyd & Co fan website. http://www.pinkfloyd-co.com/band/interviews/rww/rwwcollector.html. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  10. ^ Mason, Nick and Dodd, Philip. Inside out: A personal history of Pink Floyd. Chronicle Books (2005). 
  11. ^ Graves, Tom. "Jeff Beck Group (album)". allmusic.com. http://allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:wifyxql5ldae. Retrieved 2009-02-14. 
  12. ^ Hjort and Hinman. Jeff's book: A Chronology of Jeff Beck's Career 1965-1980. p. 115. 
  13. ^ Hjort and Hinman. Jeff's book: A Chronology of Jeff Beck's Career 1965-1980. p. 122. 
  14. ^ Hjort and Hinman. Jeff's book: A Chronology of Jeff Beck's Career 1965–1980. p. 123. 
  15. ^ Joynson, Vernon. The Tapestry of Delights-The Comprehensive Guide to British Music of the Beat, R&B, Psychedelic and Progressive Eras. Borderline. p. 415. 
  16. ^ a b Hjort and Hinman. Jeff's book: A Chronology of Jeff Beck's Career 1965–1980. p. 124. 
  17. ^ Hjort and Hinman. Jeff's book: A Chronology of Jeff Beck's Career 1965–1980. pp. 125–131. 
  18. ^ Thomas, Bryan. "Michael Fennelly". allmusic.com. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&searchlink=MICHAEL. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
  19. ^ Hjort and Hinman. Jeff's book: A Chronology of Jeff Beck's Career 1965-1980. p. 146. 
  20. ^ Bruce Eder. "Beckology". Allmusic.com. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:3ifixql5ldae. Retrieved 2009-02-16. 
  21. ^ "Jeff Beck-Hall of Fame Speech". YouTube. 23 March 2008. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FPiln7t58ls. Retrieved 13 January 2010. 
  22. ^ BBC Desert Island Discs Harvey Goldsmith
  23. ^ "Jeff beck, Emotion & Commotion". rollingstone.com. 2009-13-04. http://www.rollingstone.com/rockdaily/index.php/2010/01/19/jeff-beck-blends-classical-with-rock-on-april-13th-album-emotion-commotion/. Retrieved 2010-2-02. 
  24. ^ Anyway Anyhow Anywhere: The Complete Chronicle of The Who
  25. ^ Shaar Murray, Charles (2002-09-08). "Who wants to be a guitar hero?". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/who-wants-to-be-a-guitar-hero-642403.html. Retrieved 2009-08-20. 
  26. ^ a b "Jeff Beck Interview". thehighwaystar.com. http://www.thehighwaystar.com/interviews/blackmore/rb1973xxxx.html. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  27. ^ a b Shimamoto, Ken. "Jeff Beck interview". scottmorganmusic.com. http://www.scottmorganmusic.com/scott_rationals.html. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  28. ^ Noble, Douglas. "Jeff Beck Interview taken from The Guitar Magazine' Vol 3 No 4, June 1993". djnoble.demon.co.uk. http://www.djnoble.demon.co.uk/ints/JEFFBEC.KIN.html. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  29. ^ Interview with Mojo magazine, June 2009
  30. ^ Interview with Uncut magazine, March 2010.
  31. ^ Truth Jeff Beck: Review. Allmusic
  32. ^ Jeff Beck.com "Jeff Beck". jeffbeck.com. http://www.jeffbeck.com/jeffbeck_bio.html Jeff Beck.com. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  33. ^ Douglas J Noble (June 1993). "Interview outtakes". Guitar Magazine Vol 3 No 5 / The Jeff Beck Bulletin issue 3, Fall 1994. Guitar Magazine. http://www.djnoble.demon.co.uk/ints/JEFFBEC.KOU.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  34. ^ "Confessions of a Sixties Drummer". http://www.carlolittle.com/discography/disc-2000s.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-14. 

External links


Simple English

Jeff Beck
File:Jeff
Jeff Beck in 2009
Background information
Born 24 June 1944
London, England
Genres Blues-rock, jazz fusion, hard rock
Occupations Musician, songwriter
Instruments Guitar
Years active since 1965
Associated acts The Yardbirds, The Jeff Beck Group, Beck, Bogert & Appice
Website www.jeffbeck.com
Notable instruments
Fender Stratocaster
Gibson Les Paul

Geoffrey Arnold "Jeff" Beck (born 24 June 1944) is an English rock musician. He became famous when he replaced Eric Clapton as the guitarist for The Yardbirds. After leaving The Yardbirds in 1966 Beck went on to work with his own group and with other musicians.

A lot Jeff Beck's music has no singing and focuses on Beck's skilled guitar style. His music crosses many genres including: blues-rock, heavy metal and jazz fusion. He has won 4 Grammy Awards for "Best Rock Instrumental Performance."

Beck was listed 14th in Rolling Stone Magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time",[1]

Beck has inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice. First as a member of the Yardbirds. And again as a solo artist.

References








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