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Jefferson, Texas
—  City  —
The Old Post Office, Jefferson's most recognized landmark
Location of Jefferson, Texas
Map of the city in 1872
Coordinates: 32°45′40″N 94°20′58″W / 32.76111°N 94.34944°W / 32.76111; -94.34944
Country United States
State Texas
County Marion
Area
 - Total 4.4 sq mi (11.4 km2)
 - Land 4.3 sq mi (11.3 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 194 ft (59 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 2,024
 - Density 465.7/sq mi (179.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75657
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-37528[1]
GNIS feature ID 1338692[2]

Jefferson is an historic city in Marion County in northeastern Texas, United States.[3][4][5] The population was 2,024 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Marion County, Texas,[6] and is situated in East Texas. The city is a tourism center, with popular attractions including: Jay Gould's railroad car, the Sterne Fountain, Excelsior House, the House of the Four Seasons, and the bayous formed by Big Cypress, Little Cypress, and Black Cypress located in and around the city.

Contents

Historical notes

The Sterne Fountain was given to the city in 1913 to honor the contribution of Jacob and Ernestine Sterne, a Jewish couple that settled in Jefferson before the Civil War and became prominent citizens who managed the post office and were involved in numerous civic and cultural projects. The fountain includes a statue of Hebe, the Greek goddess of Youth, by Guiseppe Moretti.[7]

Geography

Jefferson is located at 32°45′40″N 94°20′58″W / 32.76111°N 94.34944°W / 32.76111; -94.34944 (32.761013, -94.349331).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11.4 km²), of which, 4.3 square miles (11.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (1.58%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,024 people, 871 households, and 544 families residing in the city. The population density was 465.7 people per square mile (179.6/km²). There were 1,042 housing units at an average density of 239.7/sq mi (92.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.80% White, 34.68% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.63% of the population.

There were 871 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 24.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $17,034, and the median income for a family was $26,250. Males had a median income of $28,929 versus $14,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,558. About 29.4% of families and 32.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.1% of those under age 18 and 22.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The City of Jefferson is served by the Jefferson Independent School District - Home of the Fighting Bulldogs.

School sports records

  • 1986: Jefferson High School - AAA Football State Championship with 16-0 record.

Also see

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ Morphis, J. M. (1874). History of Texas From Its Discovery and Settlement. New York: United States Publishing Company. pp. 504–507. http://books.google.com/books?id=y_sTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA504. Retrieved 2009-07-27.   Includes a c. 1874 description as well as information on the Potter/Rose feud.
  4. ^ Spaight, A. W. (1882). The Resources, Soil, and Climate of Texas: Report of The Commissioner of Insurance, Statistics, and History. Galveston, Texas: A. H. Belo & Company. pp. 202–204. http://books.google.com/books?id=NVclAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA202. Retrieved 2009-07-27.   Includes a c. 1882 description of Jefferson and environs.
  5. ^ King, Edward (1875). The Great South. Hartford, Conn: American Publishing Company. p. 124. http://books.google.com/books?id=7iIUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA124. Retrieved 2009-07-27.  
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  7. ^ Texas State Historical Commission. "Sterne Fountain Historical Marker". http://www.stoppingpoints.com/texas/sights.cgi?marker=Sterne+Fountain&cnty=marion.  
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

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