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Jefferson County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Seat Madison
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

363 sq mi (940 km²)
361 sq mi (936 km²)
2 sq mi (4 km²), 0.44%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

31,705
88/sq mi (34/km²)
Founded 1811
Named for Thomas Jefferson
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Jefferson County Indiana Courthouse.jpg
Jefferson County Courthouse in Madison, Indiana.

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 31,705. The county seat is Madison[1].

Contents

History

Jefferson County was formed in 1811. It was named for Thomas Jefferson, principal draftsman of the Northwest Ordinance and President of the United States from 1801 through 1809.[2]

Jefferson County was one of Indiana's first counties and many important early Hoosiers hailed from Madison, including William Hendricks. Throughout the early history of the state, Madison was one of the leading cities competing with Vincennes and later New Albany to be the largest city in the state. The county fell into economic decline after the American Civil War as industry began to shift from southern Indiana to the northern part of the state.

On the evening of the May 20, 2009 the county courthouse caught fire. The fire began in the steeple of the courthouse which was under construction for the Madison's bicentennial anniversary. The roof of the dome had just been painted gold. Fire departments for across southern Indiana and northern Kentucky arrived to put out the fire which burnt for several hours, destroyed much of the inside of the building and the county records. The fire necessitated the evacuation of the nearby county jail, and effectively shutdown the downtown area of the city.[3] It was later determined the fire was accidentally started by workers who were welding on the metal roof dome.

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[4][5]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, the collection of revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[4][5]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to terms of four years. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[5]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serve terms of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to any county government position are required to declare a party affiliation and be a resident of the county.[5]

Jefferson County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Democrat Baron Hill.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 363 square miles (940 km²), of which 361 square miles (936 km²) is land and 2 square miles (4 km²) (0.44%) is water.

Cities and towns

Unincorporated towns

Townships

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas[7], U.S. Census Bureau[8]

National protected area

Demographics

Jefferson County
Population by year

2000 31,705
1990 29,797
1980 30,419
1970 27,006
1960 24,061
1950 21,613
1940 19,912
1930 19,182
1920 20,709
1910 20,483
1900 22,913
1890 24,507
1880 25,977
1870 29,741
1860 25,036
1850 23,916
1840 16,614
1830 11,465
1820 8,038

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 31,705 people, 12,148 households, and 8,430 families residing in the county. The population density was 88 people per square mile (34/km²). There were 13,386 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.19% White, 1.45% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. 1.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.0% were of German, 25.7% American, 11.7% English and 9.7% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 12,148 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,189, and the median income for a family was $45,712. Males had a median income of $31,618 versus $22,033 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,412. About 7.60% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 
  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co.. pp. 562. http://books.google.com/books?id=YDIUAAAAYAAJ. 
  3. ^ http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/chi-ap-in-courthousefire,0,7027486.story
  4. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  5. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  6. ^ "Conressman Baron Hill". House.Gov. http://baronhill.house.gov/district.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  7. ^ National Atlas
  8. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 38°47′N 85°26′W / 38.79°N 85.44°W / 38.79; -85.44


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Jefferson County, Indiana
Map
File:Map of Indiana highlighting Jefferson County.png
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1811
Seat Madison
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.44%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

31705
Time zone Eastern : UTC{{{UTC offset}}}/{{{DST offset}}}
Named for: Thomas Jefferson

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 31,705. The county seat is Madison6.

Contents

Geography

Jefferson County Courthouse in Madison

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 940 km² (363 sq mi). 936 km² (361 sq mi) of it is land and 4 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.44%) is water.

Adjacent counties

History

Jefferson County was formed in 1811. It was named for Thomas Jefferson, principal draftsman of the Northwest Ordinance and President of the United States from 1801 through 1809.

Demographics

Jefferson County
Population by year

2000 31,705
1990 29,797
1980 30,419
1970 27,006
1960 24,061
1950 21,613
1940 19,912
1930 19,182
1920 20,709
1910 20,483
1900 22,913
1890 24,507
1880 25,977
1870 29,741
1860 25,036
1850 23,916
1840 16,614
1830 11,465
1820 8,038

As of the census² of 2000, there were 31,705 people, 12,148 households, and 8,430 families residing in the county. The population density was 34/km² (88/sq mi). There were 13,386 housing units at an average density of 14/km² (37/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.19% White, 1.45% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. 1.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.0% were of German, 25.7% American, 11.7% English and 9.7% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 12,148 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.60% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,189, and the median income for a family was $45,712. Males had a median income of $31,618 versus $22,033 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,412. About 7.60% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Unincorporated

  • Canaan
  • Kent, Indiana
  • Deputy, Indiana

Townships

References

  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

External links

Coordinates: 38°47′N 85°26′W / 38.79, -85.44

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jefferson County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Jefferson County, IndianaRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Indiana  +
Short name Jefferson County  +

This article uses material from the "Jefferson County, Indiana" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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