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Jefferson County, West Virginia
Map of West Virginia highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Seat Charles Town
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

212 sq mi (549 km²)
210 sq mi (544 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.96%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

42,190
202/sq mi (78/km²)
Founded 1801
Website www.jeffersoncountywv.org

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of 2000, the population was 42,190. Its county seat is Charles Town[1]. Jefferson County is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

Formation

Jefferson County was formed from Berkeley County in 1801 and named for Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence and third President of the United States.

John Brown Rebellion

The county's courthouse was the site of the trial for the abolitionist John Brown after his October 1859 raid on the federal armory in Harpers Ferry. Some 90 U.S. Marines serving under then Army Colonel Robert E. Lee and Lieutenants J.E.B. Stuart and Israel Green put down the rebellion.

Brown was sentenced to death for murder, treason against the Commonwealth of Virginia, and conspiring with slaves to rebel. On 2 December 1859 John Brown was taken from the Charles Town jail a short distance to an open field and hanged. Among those attending the Brown execution was a contingent of 1500 cadets from Virginia Military Institute sent by the Governor of Virginia Henry A. Wise under the supervision of Major William Gilham and Major Thomas J. Jackson. In the ranks of a Richmond militia company stood John Wilkes Booth.

Jefferson County in the Civil War

The county was a frequent site of conflict during the civil war, as Union and Confederate lines moved back and forth along the Shenandoah valley. Some towns in the county changed hands between the Union and Confederacy over a dozen times.

Unlike every other county in West Virginia, Jefferson County was not exempted from the effects of the Emancipation Proclamation and slaves in the county were legally free as of January 1, 1863.

Joining West Virginia

Berkeley and Jefferson counties, both lying on the Potomac River east of the mountains, and with the consent of the Reorganized Government of Virginia, voted in favor of annexation to West Virginia in 1863. Virginia tried to nullify this decision after the American Civil War, but the counties remained part of West Virginia.

The question of the constitutionality of the formation of the new state was brought before the Supreme Court of the United States in the following manner: Berkeley and Jefferson County, West Virginia, counties lying on the Potomac east of the mountains, in 1863, with the consent of the Reorganized Government of Virginia, voted in favor of annexation to West Virginia. Many voters absent in the Confederate Army when the vote was taken refused to acknowledge the transfer upon their return. The Virginia General Assembly repealed the Act of Secession and in 1866 brought suit against West Virginia asking the court to declare the counties a part of Virginia. Meanwhile, Congress, on March 10, 1866, passed a joint resolution recognizing the transfer. The Supreme Court, in 1871, decided in favor of West Virginia.[1]

Rural Free Delivery

In October 1896, Jefferson became the first county in the United States to begin Rural Free Delivery service.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 212 square miles (548 km²), of which, 210 square miles (543 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (5 km²) of it (0.96%) is water. It is the only West Virginia county where the Blue Ridge Mountains and Shenandoah River that John Denver sang about in the song "Take Me Home, Country Roads" can be found. The lowest point in the state of West Virginia is located on the Potomac River (just east of Harpers Ferry) in Jefferson County, where it flows out of West Virginia and into Virginia.

National protected area

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Rivers and streams

Magisterial districts

Jeffersonmagisterialdistricts.gif
  • Charles Town
  • Harpers Ferry
  • Kabletown
  • Middleway
  • Shepherdstown

Historic Buildings and Structures

Photo Gallery

Google Earth Placemarks

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 42,190 people, 16,165 households, and 11,315 families residing in the county. The population density was 201 people per square mile (78/km²). There were 17,623 housing units at an average density of 84 per square mile (32/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.02% White, 6.09% Black or African American, 0.60% Asian, 0.28% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1810 11,851
1820 13,087
1830 12,927
1840 14,082
1850 15,357
1860 14,535
1870 13,219
1880 15,005
1890 15,553
1900 15,935
1910 15,889
1920 15,729
1930 15,780
1940 16,762
1950 17,184
1960 18,665
1970 21,280
1980 30,311
1990 35,926
2000 42,190
2006 50,443

There were 16,165 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,374, and the median income for a family was $51,351. Males had a median income of $35,235 versus $26,531 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,441. About 7.20% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.40% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Incorporated towns & cities

Unincorporated communities

See also

Jefferson County links

Coordinates: 39°19′N 77°52′W / 39.31°N 77.86°W / 39.31; -77.86

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Jefferson County, West Virginia
Map
File:Map of West Virginia highlighting Jefferson County.png
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1801
Seat Charles Town
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.96%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

42190
Website: www.jeffersoncountywv.org

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of 2000, the population was 42,190. Its county seat is Charles Town6.

Contents

History

Formation

Jefferson County was formed from Berkeley County in 1801 and named for Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence and third President of the United States.

John Brown Rebellion

The county's courthouse was the site of the trial for the abolitionist John Brown after his 1859 raid on the federal armory in Harpers Ferry. U.S. Army troops serving under General Robert E. Lee put down the rebellion.

He was sentenced to death and was hanged there. Among those in attendance at the execution was a contingent of cadets from Virginia Military Institute sent by the Governor of Virginia Henry Wise under the supervsion of Major William Gilham and Major Thomas J. Jackson.

Joining West Virginia

Berkeley and Jefferson counties, both lying on the Potomac River east of the mountains, and with the consent of the Reorganized Government of Virginia, voted in favor of annexation to West Virginia in 1863. Virginia tried to nullify this decision after the American Civil War, but the counties remained part of West Virginia.

The question of the constitutionality of the formation of the new state was brought before the Supreme Court of the United States in the following manner: Berkeley and Jefferson County, West Virginia, counties lying on the Potomac east of the mountains, in 1863, with the consent of the Reorganized Government of Virginia, voted in favor of annexation to West Virginia. Many voters absent in the Confederate Army when the vote was taken refused to acknowledge the transfer upon their return. The Virginia General Assembly repealed the Act of Secession and in 1866 brought suit against West Virginia asking the court to declare the counties a part of Virginia. Meanwhile, Congress, on March 10 1866, passed a joint resolution recognizing the transfer. The Supreme Court, in 1871, decided in favor of West Virginia.[1]

Rural Free Delivery

In October 1896, Jefferson became the first county in the United States to begin Rural Free Delivery service.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 548 km² (212 sq mi). 543 km² (210 sq mi) of it is land and 5 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.96%) is water. It is the only West Virginia county where the Blue Ridge Mountains and Shenandoah River that John Denver sang about in the song "Take Me Home, Country Roads" can be found.

Major Highways

Adjacent Counties

Rivers and streams

Magisterial districts

  • Charles Town
  • Harpers Ferry
  • Kabletown
  • Middleway
  • Shepherdstown

Historic Buildings and Structures

Photo Gallery

Google Earth Placemarks:

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 42,190 people, 16,165 households, and 11,315 families residing in the county. The population density was 78/km² (201/sq mi). There were 17,623 housing units at an average density of 32/km² (84/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 91.02% White, 6.09% Black or African American, 0.60% Asian, 0.28% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1810 11,851
1820 13,087
1830 12,927
1840 14,082
1850 15,357
1860 14,535
1870 13,219
1880 15,005
1890 15,553
1900 15,935
1910 15,889
1920 15,729
1930 15,780
1940 16,762
1950 17,184
1960 18,665
1970 21,280
1980 30,311
1990 35,926
2000 42,190
2005 49,206

There were 16,165 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,374, and the median income for a family was $51,351. Males had a median income of $35,235 versus $26,531 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,441. About 7.20% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.40% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Incorporated towns & cities

Unincorporated communities

See also

Jefferson County links

Coordinates: 39°19′N 77°52′W / 39.31, -77.86

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jefferson County, West Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Jefferson County, West VirginiaRDF feed
County names Jefferson County, West Virginia  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 West Virginia  +
Short name Jefferson County  +

This article uses material from the "Jefferson County, West Virginia" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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