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Jennings County, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Jennings County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Seat Vernon
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

378 sq mi (980 km²)
377 sq mi (977 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.30%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

27,554
30/sq mi (12/km²)
Founded 1817
Named for Jonathan Jennings
Congressional district 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Jennings County Indiana courthouse.jpg
Jennings County courthouse in Vernon, Indiana

Jennings County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 27,554. The county seat is Vernon[1].

Contents

History

Jennings County was formed in 1817. It was named for the first Governor of Indiana and a nine term congressman, Jonathan Jennings. Jennings was governor when the county was organized.[2]

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[3][4]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, the collection of revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[3][4]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to terms of four years. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[4]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serve terms of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to any county government position are required to declare a party affiliation and be a resident of the county.[4]

Jennings County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Democrat Baron Hill.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 378 square miles (980 km²), of which 377 square miles (977 km²) is land and 1 square mile (3 km²) (0.30%) is water. It is a rural county, with majority of the county consisting of personal farms and woodlands. There are only two incorporated towns in this county, Vernon, the county seat, and North Vernon. Both are quite small and underdeveloped by urban standards; many locals prefer to do their shopping in neighboring counties. The county is conveniently located in the center of an imaginary triangle consisting of Indianapolis, IN, Cincinnati,OH, and Louisville, KY and requires only 1 1/4 hour drive time to any of these urban centers.

It is also home to the Muscatatuck Urban Training Center, located just outside North Vernon, at which various training exercises and scenarios are conducted for homeland security and other similar purposes.[6]

Cities and towns

Unincorporated towns

Townships

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas[7], U.S. Census Bureau[8]

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1820 2,000
1830 3,974 98.7%
1840 8,829 122.2%
1850 12,096 37.0%
1860 14,749 21.9%
1870 16,218 10.0%
1880 16,453 1.4%
1890 14,608 −11.2%
1900 15,757 7.9%
1910 14,203 −9.9%
1920 13,280 −6.5%
1930 11,800 −11.1%
1940 13,680 15.9%
1950 15,250 11.5%
1960 17,267 13.2%
1970 19,454 12.7%
1980 22,854 17.5%
1990 23,661 3.5%
2000 27,554 16.5%

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 27,554 people, 10,134 households, and 7,600 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 11,469 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.1% were of American, 24.7% German, 10.9% English and 10.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 10,134 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.00% were non-families. 20.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,402, and the median income for a family was $42,519. Males had a median income of $30,377 versus $21,023 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,059. About 6.00% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co.. pp. 563. http://books.google.com/books?id=YDIUAAAAYAAJ. 
  3. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  4. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  5. ^ "Conressman Baron Hill". House.Gov. http://baronhill.house.gov/district.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  6. ^ "Muscatatuck Urban Training Center". United States Department of Defense. http://www.mutc.org/. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  7. ^ National Atlas
  8. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

See also

Coordinates: 39°00′N 85°38′W / 39.00°N 85.63°W / 39.00; -85.63


Genealogy

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Jennings County, Indiana
Map
File:Map of Indiana highlighting Jennings County.png
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1817
Seat Vernon
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.30%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

27554
Time zone Eastern : UTC{{{UTC offset}}}/{{{DST offset}}}
Named for: Jonathan Jennings

Jennings County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 27,554. The county seat is Vernon6.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 980 km² (378 sq mi). 977 km² (377 sq mi) of it is land and 3 km² (1 sq mi) of it (0.30%) is water. It is a very rural county, with majority of the county consisting of personal farms and woodlands. There are only two incorporated towns in this county, Vernon, the county seat, and North Vernon. Both are quite small and underdeveloped by urban standards; many locals prefer to do their shopping in neighboring counties. The county is conveniently located in the center of an imaginary triangle consisting of Indianapolis, IN, Cincinnati,OH, and Louisville, KY and requires only 1 1/2 hour drive time to any of these urban centers.

It is also home to the Muscatatuck Urban Training Center, located just outside North Vernon, at which various training exercises and scenarios are conducted for homeland security and other similar purposes.[1]

Adjacent counties

History

Jennings County was formed in 1817. It was named for the first Governor of Indiana, Jonathan Jennings, elected in 1816.

Demographics

Jennings County
Population by year

2000 27,554
1990 23,661
1980 22,854
1970 19,454
1960 17,267
1950 15,250
1940 13,680
1930 11,800
1920 13,280
1910 14,203
1900 15,757
1890 14,608
1880 16,453
1870 16,218
1860 14,749
1850 12,096
1840 8,829
1830 3,974
1820 2,000

As of the census² of 2000, there were 27,554 people, 10,134 households, and 7,600 families residing in the county. The population density was 28/km² (73/sq mi). There were 11,469 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (30/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.1% were of American, 24.7% German, 10.9% English and 10.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 10,134 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.00% were non-families. 20.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,402, and the median income for a family was $42,519. Males had a median income of $30,377 versus $21,023 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,059. About 6.00% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Unincorporated communities

Townships

References

  1. ^ Muscatatuck Urban Training Center. United States Department of Defense. Retrieved on 2007-10-05.
  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 

See also

Coordinates: 39°00′N 85°38′W / 39.00, -85.63

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jennings County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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This article uses material from the "Jennings County, Indiana" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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