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Jeonju
전주
—  Municipal City  —
Korean transcription(s)
 - Hangul 전주시
 - Hanja 全州市
 - Revised Romanization Jeonju-si
 - McCune-Reischauer Chŏnju-si
Jeonju Gaeksa

Emblem of Jeonju
Jeonju is located in South Korea
Jeonju
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 35°49′N 127°09′E / 35.817°N 127.15°E / 35.817; 127.15
Country  South Korea
Region Honam
Administrative divisions 2 gu, 40 dong
Area
 - Total 206.22 km2 (79.6 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 - Total 635,707
 - Density 3,082.7/km2 (7,984.2/sq mi)
 - Dialect Jeolla

Jeonju is a city in South Korea, and the capital of Jeollabuk-do, or North Jeolla Province. It is an important tourist center famous for Korean food, historic buildings, sports activities and innovative festivals.

Contents

History

Located in the fertile Honam plain, famous for strawberries and exceptional produce, Jeonju has been an important regional center in the province for centuries. Once, the city was capital of Hubaekje, which was founded by Gyeon Hwon. The city was regarded as the spiritual capital of the Joseon Dynasty because the Yi royal family originated there.

The town was occupied by the Donghak peasants' movement in 1894. Jeonju was given metropolitan status in 1935, and the city was founded in 1949.

Culture

  • Jeonju bibimbap 비빔밥 , a traditional local food, is well-known across South Korea. There are also several very popular vegetarian restaurants serving Jeonju style food and pine wine.
  • The National Jeonju Museum exhibits ancient relics from the Baekje days.
  • There are extensive royal museums, temples, a castle fortress on a hillside, and a well-known paper museum, as well as an annual paper fashion show highlighting both the latest style and traditional Korean clothing made of paper.
  • The Jeonju International Film Festival draws about 50,000 visitors annually.
  • Jeonju is the hometown of the breakdancing crew Last for One, international Battle of the Year champion.

People and everyday life

Jeonbuk FC

Education is a major industry in the city, but it does not have the manufacturing or heavy industries found in other Korean cities. Given its rural location, the local mountains and parks are popular for outdoor recreation. There are also various historical sites in the area. The city also has a zoo, a large park, and the Samsung Sound and Culture Hall, a large, modern concert complex on the Chonbuk National University campus.

Administrative districts

Chonju Highway Bus Terminal.

Jeonju is divided into 2 wards, Deokjin-gu (덕진구) and Wansan-gu (완산구), which in turn are divided into approximately 40 neighbourhoods.

Sister cities

Gallery

See also

External links

References

Coordinates: 35°49′N 127°09′E / 35.817°N 127.15°E / 35.817; 127.15


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Jeonju (전주시, 全州) is the capital of North Jeolla province, South Korea.

Get in

From Seoul, take the KTX to Iksan, and then you can take a bus or taxi from there. This is the fastest but most expensive option, taking about 2 hours from Seoul. Express buses are available for as little as 8,000W and take 3 hours and 20 minutes.

From Incheon Airport, there are Limousine buses that run every halfhour that will take you near city hall in Jeonju.

Get around

There's an excellent public bus system that costs 1000W. Meter drop for taxis is 2,200W. From the Sheeway (intercity) Bus Terminal, you can catch buses to the local mountains, as well as other cities throughout Korea. Due to its relatively small size the city can be fairly well be seen by foot, sights like the Tumuli Park, Wolseon Park and the city centre are in relatively small distance from each other.

  • Jeonju Hanok(Korean traditional houses) Village- Located in Kyo Dong, village is comprised of more than dozens of Hanok. Most of Hanok were constructed in Joseon period(1392-1910). In village, you can experience a variety of traditional Korean culture such as making traditional Korean paper(Han Ji) or trying Korean liquor. (http://hanok.jeonju.go.kr/FLSite/default.aspx?lang=ENG)
  • The Gaeksa building, located in the city centre, date from around 1471 and were used used to accommodate important visitors. Rituals to honour the king were also held here. It's a meeting place for many as well as a hangout location for many old men. The downtown area sourrounding is also referred to as Gaeksa. To get downtown most people will simply tell the taxi driver to take them to Gaeksa
  • The Hansol Paper Museum records the history of paper making and usages since the age of the Egyptians. There is an interesting movie shown in English upon request. Most of the signs are in korean only, but I found the museum quite interesting. There are some displays on traditional Korean paper making. You also have a chance to make a piece of paper there as well. On weekends and holidays, there are various workshops available.
  • Take a walk through Wolseong Park where the locals take their well-deserved Sunday break with kites, horse-coach riding or just walking through the beautiful park setting.
  • Take a hike in the Namsan-area ('South Mountain' area), a scenic natural park with beautiful hikes through beautiful wood with lots of Buddhist remains like pagodes and Buddha images carved into the wood, at least one of them being 7 meters high.

EAT

  • Jeonju Bibimbap - Jeonju is famous for its cuisine. Bibimbap is one of the most famous Korean dishes native to this region. Bibim means mixing and bap means rice. Served in the traditional brassware,it consists of rice with seasonal stir fried vegetables(carrot, bean sprout, radish, spinach, zucchini.bracken), seaweed (gim), and hot pepper paste (gochujang). It is also available in a hot stone bowl (dol sot), which slowly cooks the egg as you stir the ingredients together. The characteristic thing about Jeonju bibimbap is that it comes with Korean beef tartar(Yukhoe), Hwang Po Mook(a yellow jelly made from mung beans) and raw egg yolk(most of other regions in Korea serve with fried egg). Besides, Also give Mountain Vegetable (San Chae) Bibimbap a taste, if you're at any of the local mountains.

Here are famous Bibimbap restaurants lists- the price is about 10 dollars -Ga Jok Hoe Gwan(http://www.jeonjubibimbap.com/) -Seong Mi Dang (http://www.sungmidang.com/) -Go Gung (http://www.gogung.co.kr/)

Along with Bibimbap, Kongnamul gukbap(Bean sprout soup with rice) is one of the most popular food in Jeonju.

Drink

Probably the best area for night life is outside of Jeonbuk Dae Hakyo. The large national university in Jeonju. There are hundreds of bars and restaurants, you're sure to find something that you like there.

Foreign Bars in Jeonju include J.R.'s Saloon and Deepin.

Get out

Buses regularily leave to Busan and other cities, the intercity and express bus terminal are very close to each other at the river.

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