Jeopardy!: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  
  

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Jeopardy!
Jeopardy 2009.png
Jeopardy! title for Season 26 (2009–2010)
Genre Game show
Created by Merv Griffin
Directed by Jeffrey L. Goldstein (1964-1975)[1]
Bob Hultgren (1964-1975)
Eleanor Tarshis (1964-1975)
Dick Schneider (1978-1979, 1984-1992)
Kevin McCarthy (1992-Present)
Creative director(s) John Pritchett (1997-1999)
Presented by Art Fleming (1964–1975, 1978-1979)
Alex Trebek (1984–Present)
Narrated by Don Pardo (1964–1975)
John Harlan (1978–1979)
Johnny Gilbert (1984–present)
Composer(s) Merv Griffin (1984-1997)
Steve Kaplan(1997-2008)
Chris Bell Music, Inc. (2008-present)
Country of origin  United States
No. of episodes NBC (1964-1975): 2,753
Syn. (1974-1975): 39
NBC (1978-1979): 108[2]
Syndicated (1984–present): 5,811 (as of December 14, 2009)
Total: 8,711
Production
Executive producer(s) Robert H. Rubin (1964-1975)
Harry Friedman (1999-Present)
Merv Griffin (1984-2000)
Producer(s) Lynette Williams (1964-1975)
Deb Dittmann (2006-Present)
Brett Schneider (2006-Present)
Alex Trebek (1984-1987)
George Vosburgh (1978-1979, 1987-1997)
Harry Friedman (1997-1999)
Lisa Finneran (1997-2006)
Rocky Schmidt (1997-2006)
Gary Johnson (2000-2006)
Editor(s) Billy Wisse
Location(s) NBC Studios
New York City (1964-1975)
NBC Studios
Burbank, California (1978-1979)
Metromedia Square
Hollywood, California (1984-1985)
Hollywood Center Studios
Hollywood, California (1985-1994)
Sony Pictures Studios
Culver City, California (1994-Present)
Camera setup Multi-camera
Running time approx. 22-26 minutes
Production company(s) Merv Griffin Productions (1964-1975, 1978-1979, 1983-1984)
Merv Griffin Enterprises (1984-1994)
Columbia TriStar Television (1994-2002)
Sony Pictures Television (2002-present)
Califon Productions (1978-1979)
Jeopardy Productions (1984-Present)
Distributor Metromedia Producers Corporation (1974-1975)
King World Productions (1984-2007)
CBS Television Distribution (2007-Present)
Broadcast
Original channel NBC (1964–1975, 1978-1979)
Syndicated (1974–1975, 1984–Present)
Picture format NTSC (480i),
720p & 1080i (HDTV)
Color
Audio format Stereo
Original run March 30, 1964[3] – Present
External links
Official website

Jeopardy! is an American quiz show featuring trivia in topics such as history, literature, the arts, pop culture, science and sports. The show has a unique answer-and-question format in which contestants are presented with clues in the form of answers, and must phrase their responses in question form.

The show has a decades-long broadcast history in the United States since its creation by Merv Griffin in 1964. It first ran in the daytime on NBC from March 30, 1964 until January 3, 1975; concurrently ran in a weekly syndicated version from September 9, 1974 to September 5, 1975; and subsequently ran in a revival from October 2, 1978 to March 2, 1979. All of these versions were hosted by Art Fleming. Its most successful incarnation is the Alex Trebek hosted syndicated version, which has aired continuously since September 10, 1984, and has been adapted internationally.

The show is produced by Sony Pictures Television (the successor company to original producer Merv Griffin Enterprises, though the Griffin estate holds the copyright under dummy company Jeopardy Productions, Inc.), and is distributed on television by CBS Television Distribution (the successor to original distributor King World Productions). Sony Pictures Home Entertainment owns DVD rights, though as of 2010 it has only released a five-episode collection featuring some of the most memorable episodes of the current run.

Contents

Origins

According to Merv Griffin, the idea for Jeopardy! began when he and his wife Julann were on a plane trip from Duluth, Minnesota to New York:

I was mulling over game show ideas, when she noted that there had not been a successful "question and answer" game on the air since the quiz show scandals. Why not do a switch, and give the answers to the contestant and let them come up with the question? She fired a couple of answers to me: "5,280" – and the question of course was "How many feet in a mile?". Another was "79 Wistful Vista"; that was Fibber and Mollie McGee's address. I loved the idea, went straight to NBC with the idea, and they bought it without even looking at a pilot show.[4]

Griffin's first conception of the game used a board comprising ten categories with ten clues each, but after finding that this board could not be filmed easily, he reduced it to two rounds of thirty clues, with five clues each in six categories. Taking inspiration from horse racing, he also decided to add three "Daily Doubles," or clues in which a contestant could wager his or her money. Griffin discarded his original name for the show, What's the Question?, after a network executive suggested that the game "need[ed] more jeopardies."[5]

Gameplay

Three contestants compete in three rounds: the Jeopardy! Round, the Double Jeopardy! Round and the Final Jeopardy! Round. If there is a returning champion, he or she occupies the leftmost podium from the viewer's perspective; otherwise, the contestants draw numbers to determine their seating.

Jeopardy! Round

Six categories are announced, each with a column of five trivia clues (phrased in answer form), each one incrementally valued more than the previous, ostensibly by difficulty. The subjects range from standard topics including history and current events, the sciences, the arts, popular culture, literature and languages,[6] to pun-laden titles (many of which refer to the standard subjects) and wordplay categories.

The value of each clue within categories has increased over time:

1964-1975 1978-1979 1984-2001 2001-Present Super Jeopardy!
$10 $25 $100 $200 200
$20 $50 $200 $400 400
$30 $75 $300 $600 600
$40 $100 $400 $800 800
$50 $125 $500 $1,000 1,000

The host then reads the clue after which any of the three contestants may ring in using a hand-held signaling device. The first contestant to ring in successfully, following the host's reading of the clue, must then respond in the form of a question.

A correct response earns the dollar value of the clue and the opportunity to select the next clue from the board. An incorrect response or a failure to respond within a 5-second time limit (shown by the red lights on the contestant's podium) deducts the dollar value of the clue from the contestant's score and gives any remaining opponent(s) the opportunity to ring in and respond. If none of the contestants give a correct response, the host reads the correct response and the contestant who has most recently given a correct response to a previous clue chooses the next clue.

Daily Doubles

The answer board (Season 19-22 Jeopardy! set).

One clue hidden on the Jeopardy! Round game board is designated a "Daily Double". Only the contestant who selects a Daily Double may respond to its clue, and make a wager no smaller than $5 on it.[7] If the contestant has a score of less than the highest dollar value in the round, he or she may wager up to that top value; alternatively, the contestant may choose to "make it a true Daily Double", i.e., wager all of his or her score.

Daily Doubles are occasionally designated with special tags, such as "Audio Daily Double" or "Video Daily Double," in which an audio or video clip is played along with the clue. Such tags are displayed as soon as the Daily Double has been revealed.

Ringing in

Contestants must wait until the host finishes reading the clue before ringing in. Ringing in before this point locks the contestant out for two tenths of a second.[8] Lights mounted around the game board illuminate to indicate when contestants may ring in, and the contestant has five seconds to offer a response. Additionally, a tone sounds in conjunction with the illuminated lights on episodes that feature visually-impaired contestants.

Prior to Trebek's second season, contestants were able to ring in at any time after the clue had been revealed, and a buzzer would sound whenever someone rang in. According to Trebek, the buzzer sound was "distracting to the viewers" and sometimes presented problems, as contestants would inadvertently ring in too soon, or ring in so quickly that by the time he finished reading the clue, the contestant's five-second limit had expired.[9] He also said that, by not allowing anyone to ring in until the clue was finished, home viewers could play along more easily, and faster players would be less likely to dominate the game.[9]

Phrasing and judging

All responses must be phrased in the form of a question. For example, a contestant might select "Presidents for $200," and the resulting clue might be "The Father of Our Country; he didn't really chop down a cherry tree," to which the contestant would respond "Who is George Washington?" Griffin had originally intended for the phrasing to be grammatically correct (e.g., not accepting any phrasing other than "Who is…" for a person), but after finding that grammatical correction slowed the game down, he decided that the show should instead accept any correct response that was in question form.[10]

During the Jeopardy! Round, contestants are not penalized for forgetting to phrase a response in the form of a question, although the host will remind contestants to watch their phrasing on future clues. During the Double Jeopardy! Round, adherence to the phrasing rule is followed more strictly, but contestants are still permitted to correct themselves before their time runs out.

At times, the show's producers may determine that an answer previously given by a contestant was wrongly ruled correct or incorrect. When this happens, the scores are adjusted at the first available opportunity. If, after a game is over, a ruling change is made that would have significantly altered the outcome of the game, the affected contestant(s) are invited back to compete on a future show.[11]

Double Jeopardy! Round

The second round, Double Jeopardy!, is played largely like the first round. In it, a new set of categories is revealed, and the value of each clue is doubled. In addition, Double Jeopardy! has two Daily Doubles on the board instead of one. The contestant with the lowest amount of money at the end of the Jeopardy! Round makes the first selection in Double Jeopardy! If there is a tie for second place, the contestant at the left-most podium selects first.

The value of each clue within categories has increased over time:

1964-1975 1978-1979 1984-2001 2001-Present Super Jeopardy!
$20 $50 $200 $400 500
$40 $100 $400 $800 1,000
$60 $150 $600 $1,200 1,500
$80 $200 $800 $1,600 2,000
$100 $250 $1,000 $2,000 2,500

Finishing Double Jeopardy! with $0 or less

Contestants who finish Double Jeopardy! with $0 or a negative score are not allowed to participate in the game's final round, Final Jeopardy! Instead, they leave the game and receive the third place prize, which has been $1,000 since May 16, 2002.[12] On episodes of Celebrity Jeopardy!, in which celebrities compete against each other for charity, contestants are granted nominal scores in order to compete in Final Jeopardy! should their score fall below $0. These episodes also feature a "house minimum" of $25,000. On at least one Fleming-hosted episode, all three contestants finished Double Jeopardy! with $0 or less, and as a result, no Final Jeopardy! clue was played that day.[13]

Final Jeopardy! Round

A category is announced by the host followed by a commercial break (during which the staff comes on stage and advises the contestants while barriers are placed between the contestants). During this period, the contestants write down a wager, based on the category, of as little as $0 or up to as much money as they have accumulated. They are also provided pencil and paper to calculate their wagers.

After the final commercial break, the Final Jeopardy! clue is revealed and read by the host. The lights are dimmed, the "Think!" music plays in the background, and the contestants have 30 seconds to write a response, again phrased in the form of a question. Since 1984, contestants use a light pen to write down their Final Jeopardy! wager and response. Contestants are also provided with a pen and index card in the event that the light pen malfunctions. The light pen is automatically turned off at the conclusion of the 30-second period. A keyboard with Braille keys is provided to visually impaired contestants.

Final Jeopardy! betting has been discussed by mathematicians as an exercise in game theory.[14]

Cash prizes

The top-scorer on each show keeps his or her winnings and returns on the next show, and non-winners receive consolation prizes. The current prizes are $2,000 for the second-place contestant and $1,000 for the third-place contestant. Since the show does not provide airfare or lodging for most contestants,[15] these cash consolation prizes alleviate the financial burden of appearing on the show. Prior to May 16, 2002, the second-place contestant typically received a vacation package or merchandise and the third-place contestant received lesser-value merchandise. Prior to 1984, all contestants kept their winnings, and contestants who finished with scores below $0 received consolation prizes.

When the 1984 version began, the show's creators decided to award full winnings only to the champion as a means of making the game more competitive, so that the final outcome is not always evident until the end of the game. On the Fleming version, contestants would occasionally decide that they only wanted to win a certain amount of money, and stop ringing in when they reached that amount, instead of attempting to become a returning champion. Others would refuse to write down a question for Final Jeopardy! if another contestant had a significant lead.[16]

Returning champions

If no contestant finishes Final Jeopardy! with a positive total, nobody wins and three new contestants appear on the following show. In such cases, the three new contestants participate in a backstage draw to determine their positions at the contestant podiums. Such procedures are also used in the Teen and College tournaments to determine positions as well.

If two or more contestants tie for first place, they are declared "co-champions"; each keeps his or her winnings and comes back on the following episode. Three contestants have each finished two consecutive games as co-champions.[17]

A three-way tie for first place has only occurred once since 1984,[18] and only one contestant in the same period has won a game with the lowest amount possible, $1.[19]

Special considerations are also given for contestants who are unable to return as champion for medical reasons. This occurred for the first time in Season 25: three new contestants appeared on the January 19, 2009 episode, owing to the previous show's champion, Priscilla Ball, taking ill. At the top of the episode Alex Trebek explained that in such a case, the contestant would return at a later date as a co-champion.[20] Ball returned on the April 9, 2009 episode.

From 1984 until 1990, champions kept all winnings, capped at $75,000. Any amount above $75,000 was donated to a charity of the champion's choice. The cap was increased to $100,000 in 1990 after Bob Blake ($82,501) and Frank Spangenberg ($102,597) exceeded the $75,000 cap. In 1997 the cap was raised to $200,000, and then eliminated altogether in 2003.[citation needed]

From 1997 until 2001, an undefeated champion was also awarded his or her choice of Chevrolet cars or trucks. From 2001-2003, the winner won a Jaguar X-Type. Similarly, as part of the deal with Ford Motor Company for the 2001-2002 season, Ford also added a Volvo to the Teen Tournament prize package.[citation needed]

Prior to 2003, a contestant who won five consecutive days was retired undefeated, with a guaranteed spot in the next Tournament of Champions. Three new contestants would appear on the following show. In September 2003, with the start of Season 20, the show dropped the total cash winnings limit and the 5-day cap on the number of episodes on which a champion could appear. Champions can now remain on the program indefinitely until defeated, although champions who appear on five or more consecutive episodes no longer receive an automobile. The most successful returning champion after this rule change was implemented was Ken Jennings, who won 74 consecutive games and a total of $2,520,700, breaking several records for both Jeopardy! and American game shows in general.

Other versions

Throughout the original NBC and 1984 syndicated runs of Jeopardy!, several versions of the show have been broadcast in the United States.

The first was a weekly syndicated series, which aired during the 1974-1975 season; except for some minor changes in gameplay, this version was essentially similar to the original NBC series. A short-lived revival aired on NBC during the 1978-1979 season as The All New Jeopardy! with a number of changes in the rules — most notably, progressive elimination of the lowest-scoring contestants through the course of the main game, and a new bonus round instead of Final Jeopardy! Later came Rock & Roll Jeopardy!, a music-intensive version of Jeopardy! that aired on VH1 from 1998-2001, and Jep!, which aired from 1998 to 1999 and featured pre-teen contestants.

Tournaments and events

Starting in 1985, a Tournament of Champions has been held more or less annually, featuring the top fifteen champions and other biggest winners who have appeared on the show since the last tournament. The tournament format was devised by Alex Trebek,[21] and is conducted over the course of ten consecutive episodes.

Beginning in 1992, Celebrity Jeopardy! has featured celebrities and other notable individuals competing for a charitable organization of their choice. The 2009-2010 season includes the Jeopardy! Million Dollar Celebrity Invitational played throughout the season, where 27 celebrity contestants compete for a grand prize of $1,000,000 for their charity.

First aired in 1987, the Jeopardy! Teen Tournament features competition between 15 high school students, with the winner receiving $75,000 and, in some years, a new car. Until 2001, the winner was also invited to participate in the Tournament of Champions.

Beginning in 1989, the College Championship features college students competing for a $100,000 prize. The tournament pits 15 full-time undergraduate students from colleges and universities in the U.S. against each other in a two-week tournament, identical in format to the Tournament of Champions. From 1997-2008, the College Championship was taped on location at college campuses. The winner also earns a spot in the next Tournament of Champions.

Ten Seniors Tournaments were held between 1987 and 1995 featuring contestants over the age of 50. Typically this tournament aired as the last two weeks of a season prior to a six-week-long summer break, with the winner earning an invitation to the next Tournament of Champions.

There have been a number of special tournaments featuring the greatest contestants during the history of Jeopardy! The first of these "all-time best" tournaments, Super Jeopardy!, aired in the summer of 1990 on ABC. It featured 37 top contestants who had competed on the program from 1984-1990, plus one notable champion from the original 1964-1975 version. In 1993, a Tenth Anniversary Tournament was conducted over five episodes and aired following the conclusion of that year's regular Tournament of Champions. In May 2002, to commemorate the Trebek version's 4,000th episode, the show invited fifteen champions to play for a $1 million bonus, in the Jeopardy! Million Dollar Masters tournament, which took place at Radio City Music Hall. The Ultimate Tournament of Champions aired in 2005 and pitted 144 former Jeopardy! champions against each other, with two winners moving on to face Ken Jennings in a 3-game final. Overall, the tournament spanned 76 shows.

In November 1998, contestants from the 1987, 1988, and 1989 Teen Tournaments (including the champions) were invited to Boston to play in a special Teen Reunion Tournament. Jeopardy! celebrated its landmark 25th anniversary season by holding a special Kids Week Reunion tournament featuring 15 former Kids Week alumni from the 1999 and 2000 Kids Weeks competing against each other.

Audition process

Unlike the audition process for many game shows, the Jeopardy! contestant audition process is in part merit-based, with 50-question contestant tests administered at local audition sites and, since 2006, over the Internet as well.

Theme music

Since the debut of Jeopardy! in 1964, there have been many different iterations of the theme music for the show, a majority of which have been composed by Merv Griffin. Starting in 1984, a rendition of the show's think music has also been used as the main theme song.[22]

Taping location

The original version of the show, hosted by Art Fleming, which debuted on NBC on March 30, 1964, was taped in Studio 6A at NBC Studios at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City.[23] In addition to Studio 6A, Studio 8G was also frequently used to record the show.

The 1978 version of the show, The All-New Jeopardy!, was taped from NBC Studio 3 in Burbank, California, with a set designed by Henry Lickel and Dennis Roof.[24]

When the syndicated Jeopardy! premiered in 1984, it was taped at Metromedia Stage 7, KTTV-TV, on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood.[24] From 1985 to 1994, the show was taped at Hollywood Center Studios' Stage 9.

After the final shows of Season 10 were taped on February 15, 1994, production moved to Sony Pictures Studios' Stage 10 on Washington Boulevard in Culver City, California,[24] where the first shows of Season 11 were taped on July 12, 1994.

Set

Like the theme music, the Jeopardy! set has also changed over the years. The original game board was exposed from behind a curtain and featured the answers printed on pull cards which were revealed as contestants selected question values in each category. The cards were discarded for the 1978 version, replaced by flipping panels that had the dollar amount on one side and the clue on the other; the curtain was also replaced with double slide panels. When the show returned in 1984, the game board was replaced with individual monitors for each clue in a category. As technology has improved since then, the monitors have been upgraded accordingly. The original monitors were replaced in 1991 with larger and sleeker monitors. In 2006, these monitors were replaced with a nearly seamless projection video wall (which originally was used as part of the road show set).[25] In 2009, this video wall was replaced by 36 42-inch high-definition flat-panel monitors.

Other aesthetic changes have been made to the set since the current syndicated verson’s premiere in 1984. On the episode aired November 11, 1996, two months after the start of Season 13, Jeopardy! introduced an entirely new set by production designer Naomi Slodki. Slodki intended the set to resemble "the foyer of a very contemporary library".[26] Shortly after the start of Season 19 in 2002, Jeopardy! once again changed its set. This set was modified slightly in 2006 when Jeopardy! became one of the first game shows to air in high-definition. During this time, several virtual tours were featured on the official Jeopardy! web site.[27]

Between Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune, the various HD improvements represented an investment of about $4 million, 5,000 labor hours and 6 miles of cable.[28] Both shows had been shot using HD cameras for several years prior to the upgrade. On standard-definition television broadcasts, the show continues to be displayed with an aspect ratio of 4:3.

A new set debuted with the Celebrity Jeopardy! and Tournament of Champions episodes taped in 2009 at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. This set became the primary set for Jeopardy! on September 14, 2009.[29]

International adaptations

Countries with versions of Jeopardy!

Since the early days of Jeopardy!, versions of the show have been produced in foreign countries worldwide.

Episode status

Art Fleming

1964-1975, NBC

Only a small number of the 2,753 episodes from the original NBC Daytime version survive, mostly as black-and-white kinescopes of the original color videotapes.[30] Some episodes from 1967, 1971, and 1973-1974 exist in the UCLA Film and Television Archive while various episodes are in the Paley Center for Media (including the 1964 "test" episode); incomplete paper records of the NBC-era games exist on microfilm at the Library of Congress.

After the original series ended, several NBC stations continued airing repeats for a few months in 1975 – including NBC-owned KNBC, according to TV Guide listings from that time.

A monochrome clip from September 7, 1966 is held by private collectors. The clip consists of the first five minutes of the episode, going from the opening to just before the third clue of the game is revealed and includes the production slate plus two commercials prior to the game.

Episodes #2,000 (from February 21, 1972) and #2,753 (the 1975 finale), along with a few others, are held by GSN. However, only the 2,000th episode has been rerun by the network.

1974-1975, Syndicated

The status of this version is unknown; the opening of one episode is held in audio form by private collectors.

1978-1979, NBC

This show's status is also unknown. GSN holds both the premiere and finale in broadcast quality, and aired the latter on December 31, 1999 as part of its "Y2Play" marathon. The UCLA Film and Television Archive holds a copy of a pilot taped for CBS in 1977, featuring a "sub-Round 1" in which each contestant "played solo" for 30 seconds (an incorrect response did not deduct from his or her score).

Despite the show's brief run, four episodes are available for viewing on the video-sharing site YouTube – the premiere and finale, plus an episode from November 1978[31][32][33][34] and the final game of what is believed to be this version's only Tournament Of Champions.[35][36]

Alex Trebek

1984-present, Syndicated

The Trebek version is completely intact, including the pilot (a 1983 pilot, featuring a set more akin to the 1978 series, also exists). GSN—which like Jeopardy! is an affiliate of Sony Pictures Television—has rerun nine seasons to date. Since July 28, 2008 GSN has had the rights to seasons 20 and 22 and portions of season 21 (Ken Jennings' thirty-ninth through seventy-fifth games, that season's tournaments, and the entire Ultimate Tournament of Champions, of which all but the three-episode final had not been seen since their original airings).

GSN also reran episodes from the 2001–02 season (Season 18), which included a series of 2001 episodes that aired only on about 50 syndicated stations due to the September 11, 2001 attacks [2].

There is a 66-game disparity between the show numbers assigned to first-run Jeopardy! episodes and the actual number of Trebek-era games played. To assist subscribing affiliate stations in airing episodes in the correct order, a show number is read by announcer Johnny Gilbert just prior to the taping of each game. This number is audible on the episodes as received by the affiliates and visible on the slate attached to them, although the slate is trimmed from the show prior to broadcast. Each new episode receives an integer show number 1 greater than the previous episode, however all 65 reruns in Season 1 (1984-1985) were given new show numbers despite not being new games while a retrospective clip show aired May 15, 2002 was credited as #4088. As such, the game with show number #5000 aired on May 12, 2006 – but the 5,000th match hosted by Trebek did not air until September 25.[37]

1990, ABC

Super Jeopardy! is completely intact. However, only the finale has been rerun (on GSN as part of a special marathon) since the original broadcast.

Awards and honors

Jeopardy! has won a record 28 Daytime Emmy Awards since 1984. Eleven of these have been for Outstanding Game/Audience Participation Show. Another five awards have been won by host Alex Trebek for Outstanding Game Show Host. The remainder of the Emmy Awards have been won by the show's directors and writers in separate categories until 2006, when the Emmy Awards for Outstanding Direction for a Game/Audience Participation Show (for the directors) and Outstanding Special Class Writing (which the show's writers competed for and won the award perennially) were merged into the Outstanding Game/Audience Participation show category.

In January 2001, TV Guide ranked it #2 among the 50 Greatest Game Shows of All Time. Esquire magazine readers named it their "favorite game show", and in the summer of 2006, it was also ranked #2 by GSN on their list of the 50 Greatest Game Shows of All Time. The show holds the record for the Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Game/Audience Participation Show, with 11.[38]

Merchandising

Portrayal in other media

The show has been portrayed or parodied in numerous television shows, films, and works of literature over the years, frequently with one or more characters participating as contestants, or as a television show the character(s) watch and play along with. The television series The Golden Girls, Mama's Family, The Nanny and Cheers have all featured episodes where the show's characters either try out or appear on the show. Trebek also appeared as himself in an episode of the cartoon The Simpsons, where Marge Simpson appeared on a fictional version of the show.[39] Jeopardy! is also featured in a subplot of the movie White Men Can't Jump, with Rosie Perez' character attempting to pass the show's auditions.[40] In several films, including The Bucket List and Diner, a character's intelligence is demonstrated by showing him watching Jeopardy! on television and guessing every answer correctly. In Groundhog Day, Bill Murray's character impresses other watchers of the show by correctly answering every question, some before they are even read.

Saturday Night Live has regularly parodied Jeopardy! as well, beginning with a season 2 sketch entitled Jeopardy! 1999 (which parodied the Fleming version) and a recurring sketch called Celebrity Jeopardy!, with Will Ferrell as Trebek and Darrell Hammond as Sean Connery.

The song "I Lost on Jeopardy" was a parody done by "Weird Al" Yankovic in 1984, shortly before Trebek's version debuted. Its music video featured cameos from Fleming and Pardo.

Notes and references

  1. ^ ""Jeopardy!" (1964) - Full cast and crew". IMDb. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0057758/fullcredits. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  2. ^ "Hosted By Game Show Great Charles Nelson Reilly, `Y2PLAY' To Air on GSN From 4:00 PM Through Midnight on Dec. 31, 1999". 1999-11-22. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_1999_Nov_23/ai_57765148. Retrieved 2008-09-28. ""Y2PLAY", an exclusive programming block of the final episodes of select game shows, is scheduled to air exclusively on Game Show Network (GSN) for New Year's Eve, Dec. 31, 1999. Hosted by Charles Nelson Reilly, "Y2PLAY" features the classic and all-time favorite game shows of the 20th century from 4:00 PM through Midnight. Following is the program schedule for "Y2PLAY": ... 4:00 PM "Jeopardy!"/Art Fleming No. 108 -- Episode aired in 1979 -- this is the final "Jeopardy!" to be hosted by original host Art Fleming." 
  3. ^ David Schwartz, Steve Ryan & Fred Wostbrock, The Encyclopedia of TV Game $hows, Checkmark Books, 1999, pp. 112-115.
  4. ^ Cynthia Lowry (1964-03-29). "Merv Griffin: Question and Answer Man". Associated Press (Independent Star-News). 
  5. ^ Trebek and Barsocchini, pp. 2-3
  6. ^ Eisenberg, Harry (1993). Inside "Jeopardy!": What Really Goes on at TV's Top Quiz Show (first ed.). Salt Lake City, Utah: Northwest Publishing Inc.. ISBN 1-56901-177-X. 
  7. ^ The rules of the game may be found in the Jeopardy! DVD Home Game System instruction booklet. [1]
  8. ^ Richmond, Ray (2004). This is Jeopardy!: Celebrating America's Favorite Quiz Show. New York: Barnes & Noble Books. p. 41. ISBN 0-7607-5374-1. "The rules on a contestant's buzzing in changed following the 1984-85 season of Jeopardy!, during which contestants were allowed to buzz in as soon as the answer was exposed. It was altered to allow Alex Trebek to read the clues in their entirety before contestants could buzz in. Currently, those who ring in too early are penalized 250 milliseconds (1/4 second) each time they jump the gun." 
  9. ^ a b Trebek and Barsocchini, pp. 59-60
  10. ^ Trebek and Barsocchini, p. 4
  11. ^ Trebek and Barsocchini, p. 64
  12. ^ Show #4089
  13. ^ Fabe, Maxene (1979). TV Game Shows. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company. p. circa 271. ISBN 0-385-13052-X. 
  14. ^ See e.g. P.J. Dutta, Strategies and Games, p. xxix and K. D. Bergstresser, What is... game theory?
  15. ^ Airfare is provided for returning champions' subsequent flights to Los Angeles. Jennings, Ken (2006). Brainiac: Adventures in the Curious, Competitive, Compulsive World of Trivia Buffs. p. 122. ISBN 1-4000-6445-7. "...from the contestant orientation: ...if you have to fly out more than once (for example if you keep winning), Jeopardy! at least pays for the additional plane ticket." 
  16. ^ Trebek and Barsocchini, p. 57
  17. ^ The three two-time co-champions were Dane Garrett in September 1985, Sara Cox in December 1990 and Dan Girard in July 1998. Richmond, page 47.
  18. ^ On the show aired March 16, 2007, all three contestants ended Final Jeopardy with $16,000. Jeopardy press announcement Retrieved on 2009-02-07
  19. ^ On the show aired January 19, 1993, Air Force Lt. Col. Darryl Scott won the game with only $1; he won another $13,401 the next day.[citation needed]
  20. ^ "J! Archive - Show #5611 - Monday, January 19, 2009". 2009-01-19. http://www.j-archive.com/showgame.php?game_id=2874. Retrieved 2009-02-11. 
  21. ^ Eisenberg, first edition, page 75. "Alex put together the 2-week, 15-player format used on the current show. We had 15 undefeated 5-time champions the first season. In subsequent seasons we never had as many as 15 five-game winners so we added those four-game winners with the highest scores until we had the requisite 15 contestants for the Tournament."
  22. ^ Trebek and Barsocchini, p. 10
  23. ^ NBC daily broadcast log, Master Books microfilm. Library of Congress Motion Picture and Television Reading Room.
  24. ^ a b c Schwartz, David; Steve Ryan, Fred Wostbrock (January 1999). The Encyclopedia of TV Game Shows (3rd edition ed.). Checkmark Books. ISBN 0816038473. 
  25. ^ Hibberd, James (2006-08-10). "'Jeopardy!,' 'Wheel' Get HD Makeover". TV Week. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-18441525_ITM. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  26. ^ Richmond, page 150.
  27. ^ "2003 Jeopardy! set official web page". http://www.sonypictures.com/tv/shows/jeopardy/mini_sites/archive_header/index.html?/tv/shows/jeopardy/mini_sites/jeopardy_set_03/. 
  28. ^ "JEOPARDY! AND WHEEL OF FORTUNE GO HI DEF!". Sony Pictures Television. 2006-09-07. http://www.jeopardy.com/announcement_20060907HD.php. Retrieved 2007-01-23. 
  29. ^ "This is Jeopardy! - Show Guide - Virtual Set Tour". http://www.jeopardy.com/showguide/virtualsettour/. Retrieved 2010-01-11. 
  30. ^ Eisenberg, first edition, page 240.
  31. ^ 1978 Fleming Jeopardy! 1/4
  32. ^ 1978 Fleming Jeopardy! 2/4
  33. ^ 1978 Fleming Jeopardy! 3/4
  34. ^ 1978 Fleming Jeopardy! 4/4
  35. ^ 1978 Tournament Finals, Part 1
  36. ^ 1978 Tournament Finals, Part 2
  37. ^ See Richmond, page 188; Eisenberg, first edition, pages 30 and 106.
  38. ^ "Jeopardy!—Did You Know...". http://www.sonypictures.com/tv/shows/jeopardy/showguide/abouttheshow/showhistory/. Retrieved 2008-09-16. "Since its 1984 syndication debut, Jeopardy! has been honored with 28 Daytime Emmy Awards, more than any other syndicated game show. Eleven Emmys have been for 'Outstanding Game Show/Audience Participation.' Alex Trebek has won four Daytime Emmy Awards for 'Outstanding Game Show Host.'" 
  39. ^ "Miracle on Evergreen Terrace". http://www.bbc.co.uk/cult/simpsons/episodeguide/season9/page10.shtml. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  40. ^ Jennings, pp. 16-17.

Further reading

  • Trebek, Alex; Peter Barsocchini; introduction by Merv Griffin (1990). The Jeopardy! Book. Harper Perennial. ISBN 9780060965112. 

External links

Preceded by
The $25,000 Pyramid
Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Game/Audience Participation Show
1990 – 1995
Succeeded by
The Price Is Right
Preceded by
The Price Is Right
Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Game/Audience Participation Show
1998
Succeeded by
Win Ben Stein's Money
Preceded by
Who Wants to Be a Millionaire
Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Game/Audience Participation Show
2002 – 2003
Succeeded by
The Price Is Right
Preceded by
The Price Is Right
Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Game/Audience Participation Show
2005 – 2006
Succeeded by
The Price Is Right

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Jeopardy! is an American quiz show featuring trivia in topics such as history, literature, the arts, pop culture, and science. Unlike other game shows, Jeopardy! has a unique answer-and-question format in which contestants are presented with clues in the form of answers, and must phrase their responses in the form of a question.

Sourced

  • This... is... Jeopardy!
    • Opening narration by Johnny Gilbert (since 1984).
  • Alex: That does it for the first round. We have David with a 400-point lead over Stephen. Lynn at $-100. You can all relax for a few minutes.
    Lynn: Why am I minus? Tell me, give me a good reason! I've been answering. I've been beeping. These beastly people next to me are not helping. They don't say, After you, Lynn, like real gentlemen. What's the matter?
    [Laughter]
    Alex: Does the word... stupid mean anything?
    Lynn: See me to my car.
    Alex: Yes I will, stand over here, you're gonna have a lot of fun in the second round.
  • Ken: "Tool Time" for 200.
    Alex: This term for a long-handled gardening tool can also mean an immoral pleasure seeker.
    [Ken rings in]
    Alex: Ken.
    Ken: What's a hoe?
    Alex: No.
    [the audience laughs in reaction]
    Alex: Whoa! Whoa! Whoa. They teach you that in school in Utah, huh?
    [Al rings in]
    Alex: Al.
    Al: What's a rake?
    Alex: A rake is right.

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Jeopardy!
Jeopardy! North American box art
Developer(s) GameTek
Publisher(s) GameTek
Release date 1998
Genre Misc
Mode(s) Single player, 1-3 players
Age rating(s) ESRB: K-A
Platform(s) Nintendo 64
Credits | Soundtrack | Codes | Walkthrough


There must be a Jeopardy! game for almost every system. Here, GameTek brings the long-running quiz show to the Nintendo 64 in the same way they brought Wheel of Fortune over. Finally, Pat Sajak and Alex Trebeck in your game library.

The game plays just like the TV show. Three contestants choose a category, and then a question represented by an amount of money. The questions were taken straight from the show, and there are over 4,000 of them. Answering correctly gets you that amount of money, but incorrectly subtracts that amount of money. Answering can be done by spelling words out by selecting it letter by letter. Unlike past versions of Jeopardy, some mispellings are okay. The computer will know what you meant.

Additonally, you can now hit the "R" button to bring up a list of words the computer thinks you mean to type. It won't work if you don't input anything, but just start typing your word, and then bring up the list to see if they have it. This can make it a little too easy to guess, though. A problem lies in multiplayer where players can just button mash the "buzz" button in hopes of getting first. In real life Jeopardy!, players who buzz in too early while the question is still being read are locked out. Not so, here. It comes down to luck if you're not facing the computer.


This article uses material from the "Jeopardy!" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Jeopardy! is an American television game show created by Merv Griffin. It was hosted by Art Fleming from 1964 to 1975 and from 1978 to 1979. Beginning in 1984 and continuing into the present, the show is in syndicated format and is hosted by Alex Trebek.

Gameplay

Unlike regular trivia games, the answers are given as clues, and contestants come up with questions as a response. For example, a clue would be "One of our Founding fathers, he was our first president", and the response would be "Who is George Washington?". The game of "Jeopardy!" consists of three rounds: the Jeopardy! round, the Double Jeopardy! round, and the Final Jeopardy! round. In the Jeopardy! round, there are six categories with five clues in each, ranging from $200 to $1000. One of the clues is a Daily Double, in which a contestant may wager up to $1000 or the amount of his or her cash winnings. The Double Jeopardy! round is similar to the Jeopardy! round, but the clues are worth double the amount. And there are two Daily Doubles instead of one. The Final Jeopardy round consists of just one category and one clue. During the commercial break, players write their wagers based in their knowledge on the given category. After the commercial break, the host reads the clue. The contestants have 30 seconds to write their responses, again in the form of a question. During this time the lights dim, and the "Think!" theme plays in the background. The player with the most money at the end of the game keeps his or her winnings and returns to the next show. Second-place contestants receive a $2000 cash prize, and third place contestants receive a $1000 cash prize.

Theme Music

Since the series debut in 1964, there were different songs that served as the show's main theme. Since 1984, a rendition of "Think!" has also been used as the main theme.

Set

Like the theme music, the Jeopardy! set changed over the years. The original gameboard was exposed behind a curtain. The clues were printed on clue cards, which were revealed as a contestant asked for a particular clue and its value. In 1978, the cards were dropped in favor of flipping panels which had the dollar value on one side and the clue on the other. Also, the curtain was replaced with double-slide panels. When the show returned in 1984, the gameboard was changed again. This time it featured 30 television monitors for each clue in the categories. In 1991, the original monitors were replaced with larger monitors. In 2006, the monitors were replaced with a nearly seamless projection video wall. Then in 2009, the video wall was replaced by 36 HD flat-panel monitors.

Other changes to the set have been made since the premiere of the syndicated version. Starting in 1985 and continuing until 1997, the sets were designed to have a blue background for the Jeopardy! round and a red background for the Double Jeopardy! and Final Jeopardy! rounds; however, starting in 2005 and continuing into the present, the background color changes to red when the lights dim during Final Jeopardy! In November 1996, two months after the start of Season 13, a new set designed by Naomi Slodki was introduced. In November 2002, another new set designed by Slodki was introduced. This set was slightly modified in 2006 when Jeopardy! started broadcasting in high-definition.

A new set debuted with the Tournament of Champions and Celebrity Jeopardy! taped in 2009 at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, Nevada. This new set became the primary set at the start of Season 26 in the fall of 2009.








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