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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jerome Isaac Friedman
Born March 28, 1930 (1930-03-28) (age 79)
Chicago, Illinois
Nationality United States
Fields Physics
Institutions MIT
Alma mater Chicago
Doctoral advisor Enrico Fermi
Known for Experimental proof of quarks
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1990)

Jerome Isaac Friedman (born March 28, 1930) is an American physicist. He was born in Chicago, Illinois to parents who emigrated to the US from Russia, and excelled particularly in art while growing up. He became interested in physics after reading a book on relativity written by Albert Einstein, and as a result he turned down a scholarship to the Art Institute of Chicago to study physics at the University of Chicago. While there he worked under Enrico Fermi, and eventually received his Ph.D. in physics in 1956. In 1960 he joined the physics faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

In 1968-1969, he conducted experiments with Henry W. Kendall at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center which gave the first experimental evidence that protons had an internal structure, later known to be quarks. For this, Friedman and Kendall won the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prof. Friedman is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists[1].

In 2008, Friedman received honorary PhD from University of Belgrade (Belgrade, Serbia). He is honorary professor at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Physics[2] and Faculty's world famous institutes: Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics[3], Institute of Physics Zemun[4] and Institute for Nuclear Sciences Vinča[5].[1]

In 2003, he was interviewed by the comedian Sacha Baron Cohen, in his guise as Ali G.



External links



Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Jerome Isaac Friedman (born March 28, 1930) is an American physicist, 1990 Physics Nobel Prize laureate for his work showing that protons had an internal structure, later known to be quarks.


  • Innovation is the key to the future, but basic research is the key to future innovation.
  • Creativity is the basis of all innovation, and although it is doubtful that it can be taught, creativity should be nurtured in those who have it.
  • Young people should be given good support and freedom in their research. They are the greatest source of scientific creativity because they are not as committed to existing scientific orthodoxy, and they have the energy and enthusiasm to push new ideas.
  • We should willingly take risks in supporting new projects. The tendency is to play it safe when funding is low, but we need to remember that the greatest risks have the greatest payoffs.
  • Excessive bureaucracy is distracting, time-consuming, and destructive to creativity.
  • It is clear to me that under the right conditions, future technologies will be created that we cannot even imagine.
    • Will Innovation Flourish in the Future? - Opinion by Jerome Friedman, American Institute of Physics, adapted from his keynote address at a conference titled "Infrastructure for e-Business, e-Education, e-Science, and e-Medicine" that was held at the Scuola Superiore G. Reiss Romoli in L'Aquila, Italy, July 29-August 4, 2002.

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