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Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome: Wikis


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Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome
Classification and external resources
ICD-9 426.82
OMIM 220400
DiseasesDB 7249
MeSH D029593

Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome, a type of long QT syndrome, causes the cardiac muscle to take longer than usual to recharge between beats. If untreated, the irregular heartbeats, called arrhythmias, can lead to fainting, seizures, or sudden death. The disorder also contributes to hearing loss.

Genetic prevalence

Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome has an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance.

This condition is an autosomal recessive disorder that affects an estimated 1.6 to 6 in 1 million children, and is responsible for less than 10 percent of all cases of long QT syndrome.

Mutations in the KCNE1 and KCNQ1 genes cause Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome. The proteins produced by these two genes work together to form a potassium channel that transports positively charged potassium ions out of cells. The movement of potassium ions through these channels is critical for maintaining the normal functions of the inner ear and cardiac muscle.

About 90 percent of cases of Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome are caused by mutations in the KCNQ1 gene. KCNE1 mutations are responsible for the remaining 10 percent of cases. Mutations in these genes alter the usual structure and function of potassium channels or prevent the assembly of normal channels. These changes disrupt the flow of potassium ions in the inner ear and in cardiac muscle, leading to the hearing loss and irregular heart rhythm characteristic of Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome.

External links

This article incorporates public domain text from The U.S. National Library of Medicine

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