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The Jewish Virtual Library is an online encyclopedia published by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE). It was established in 1993 (at an alternate address) and is a comprehensive Web site covering Israel, the Jewish people and Jewish culture.[1]


The AICE is a non-profit 501(c)(3), "non-partisan" organization established "to strengthen the U.S.-Israel relationship by emphasizing the fundamentals of the alliance." It is a member of the Israel on Campus Coalition.[2]

The Executive Director is Mitchell G. Bard.


It includes more than 13,000 articles and 6,000 photographs and maps[3] related to Jewish history, Israel, U.S.-Israel relations, the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, and Judaism. In May 2008 Google listed the site as having about 15,400 pages[1] and about 6,170 images. [2]

The site has 13 sections[4]:

  • Biography
  • Israel
  • Religion
  • Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress
  • Vital Statistics
  • Reference

Each of these branches contains numerous subcategories. For example the Religion category includes the complete text of the Tanakh as well as excerpts from other Jewish holy books, descriptions of Jewish holidays, as well as descriptions of the relations between Jews, Christians, and Muslims.

The library also includes a chronicle of the state of the Jewish population in every country where they exist in significant numbers. There is also a description of the state of relations between Israel and almost every other consequential nation in the world.


The American Library Association described the site as "easily accessible, [with] balanced information".[1]

In addition to praise from the American Library Association,[1] Jewish Virtual Library is referenced by PBS[5] and is listed as reference by academic libraries including Pennsylvania State University[6], Michigan State University[7], University of Washington[8], King's College London[9], The Center for Holocaust, Genocide & Peace Studies at the University of Nevada[10] and many others.



Jewish Virtual Library claims to received awards from Britannica Internet Guide Selection, USA Today, and the Jewish Agency for Israel.[11][citation needed]

See also

External links


Simple English

Jewish Virtual Library (JVL) is an online encyclopedia published by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (the AICE). Established in 1993, it is a comprehensive website covering Israel, the Jewish people, and Jewish culture.[1]



The website was first made in the late 1990s. It was first called The Jewish Student Online Research Center (JSOURCE).[2]According to the website, the Library covers material that cannot be found anywhere else in the world, such as information about projects where the United States and Israel worked together, and how Americans were treated during the Holocaust. It explains that it got permission to use materials from the Library of Congress, from the American Jewish Historical Society, the Anti-Defamation League, the Simon Wiesenthal Center, the Israeli Foreign Ministry, and Prime Minister’s Office, Rabbi Joseph Telushkin (author of Jewish Literacy), and dozens of other sources.[3]

It has more than 13,000 articles and 6,000 photographs and maps about Jewish history, Israel, U.S.-Israel relations, the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, and Judaism.[4] The website has all of the words of the Tanakh.[5] The Jewish Virtual Library also has the Israel advocacy text "Myths and Facts", edited by Mitchell Bard, in several languages.[6]

Critical reception

John Jaeger, in an article published by the Association of College and Research Libraries, said of the Jewish Virtual Library: "This library, once it is entered, is more like a living encyclopedia than it is anything else. One has options to click on, such as history, women, biography, politics, Israel, maps, and Judaic Treasures at the Library of Congress, with each launching a person into a different realm. The site is extremely well put together.[7]

Karen Evans of Indiana State University wrote that the site covers many different topics, with "easily accessible, balanced information".[1]

The Jewish Virtual Library has been been used as a source by CNN,[8] New York Times,[9] BBC,[10] CBS News,[11] Fox News,[12][13] The Los Angeles Times,[14] USA Today,[15] Business Week,[16][17] and Bloomberg,[3] among others. JVL got awards from Britannica Internet Guide Selection, USA Today Hot Site, and the Best of the Jewish Web from the Jewish Agency for Israel, the Academic Excellence Award from Study Web and others.[18]

Other websites


  1. 1.0 1.1 Karen Evans, Jewish Virtual Library at the Internet Reviews Archive, College and Research Libraries News, a division of the American Library Association at Bowdoin College, Oct 2002 (courtesy link: [1])
  2. "Jews create research site on the Web | j. the Jewish news weekly of Northern California". February 13, 1998. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  3. "About the Israeli-American Cooperative Enterprise". Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  4. Text from the website of the Jewish Virtual Library, copied at the Michigan State University Library
  5. "New England Institute of Technology Library". August 28, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  6. "The Lookstein Center for Jewish Education". Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  7. John Jaeger, Association of College and Research Libraries "World religions on the Web: A guide to some of the most helpful sites", C&RL News June 2002 Vol. 63 No. 6
  8. " - Sources: Sharon taps new defense minister - Oct. 31, 2002". October 31, 2002. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  9. Benjamin Netanyahu News - The New York Times[2]
  11. Montopoli, Brian (December 11, 2009). "White House Hanukkah Party Spawns Anger - Political Hotsheet". CBS News. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  12. "What is a Tefillin? | Phylacteries". January 21, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  13. "What is a Tefillin? | Phylacteries". January 21, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  14. "Commentary; Wiesenthal Appeal for Funds Descends Into Exaggeration and Divisiveness". November 9, 2003. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  15. "'Britannica' makes search a rich trip". October 10, 2001. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  16. "Egypt Scraps Synagogue Ceremony After Dancing and Drinking". BusinessWeek. March 14, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  17. "Hungary Approves Law Making Holocaust Denial a Criminal Offense". BusinessWeek. February 23, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
  18. "Awards page at Jewish Virtual Library". Retrieved June 4, 2010. 


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