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.For the Jewish way of life, including religion, law, culture, and philosophy, see Judaism.^ In him culminates the Jewish expression of the Spanish-Moorish culture; his writings had an influence on European scholasticism and contributed significant elements to the philosophy of Spinoza .

^ Jewish community in Armenia is allowed freedom of religion and expression by law.
  • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Daniel then went on to show that Antiochus destroyed the Jewish commonwealth and way of life when he said: "And through him the sacrifice was disordered by transgression; and it came to pass.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

"Jew" redirects here; for other uses, see Jew (disambiguation).
Jews
יהודים (Yehudim)
Jews.jpgAlbert Einstein • Maimonides • Golda Meir • Emma Lazarus
Total population
13,155,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Israel 5,393,000[1] – 5,634,300[2]
 United States 5,275,000[1] – 6,444,000 [3]
 France 490,000 [1]
 Canada 374,000 [1]
 United Kingdom 295,000 [1]
 Russia 225,000 [1]
 Argentina 184,000 [1]
 Germany 120,000 [1]
 Australia 104,000 [1]
 Brazil 96,000 [1]
 Ukraine 77,000 [1]
 South Africa 72,000 [1]
 Hungary 49,000 [1]
 Mexico 40,000 [1]
 Belgium 31,200 [4]
 Netherlands 30,000 [4]
 Italy 28,600 [4]
 Chile 20,700 [4]
 Belarus 18,200 [4]
 Uruguay 18,000 [4]
 Switzerland 17,900 [4]
 Turkey 17,800 [4]
 Venezuela 15,400 [4]
 Sweden 15,000 [4]
 Spain 12,000 [4]
 Iran 10,800 [4]
 Romania 10,100 [4]
 Latvia 9,800 [4]
 Austria 9,000 [4]
 Azerbaijan 6,800 [4]
 Denmark 6,400 [4]
 Panama 5,000 [4]
Languages
Historical Jewish languages
Hebrew · Yiddish · Ladino · others
Liturgical languages
Hebrew · Aramaic
.Predominant spoken languages
Hebrew, English, Yiddish, Russian, the vernacular languages of other countries in the Jewish diaspora.
^ Due to the demographic superiority of the German Jews, Yiddish names and Yiddish language came to predominate among all Jewish communities which formerly spoke Czech and East Slavic and other languages as the German Jews married the other Jews.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Attempts by other linguists to find davenen 's root in French, Hebrew, Greek, Arabic, or another language have not been convincing so far.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This Jewish inter-connectedness across many lands, their own trans-national languages of Hebrew and/or Yiddish, and a materialist ethic (antithetical to the Middle Age Christian morals around them) accentuated -- often in monopolistic form -- further Jewish development in money-lending, merchantry, and other trades.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Religion
.The Jews (Hebrew: יְהוּדִים‎, Yehudim), (Yiddish: ייד), (Russian: Евреи) also known as the Jewish people, are a nation and ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.^ Several hypotheses have been proposed on the possible origin of a Jewish or Judaised population who marked the graves of their dead in this unusual way and had literate people among them.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the Idolaters ( meaning all the Nations but the Jewish ) are not call'd Men, because their Souls have their Origin from the Unclean Spirit.

^ In 1994, Russian-born (and raised) Jewish author Arkady Vaksberg wrote a book entitled Stalin Against the Jews .
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation.^ So there was once more a king of Judaea, and a king who observed the tradition of the Pharisees and protected the Jewish religion.

^ Jewish unity In my second reply or answer to you Lisa I am going to use examples of other religions to compare them to Judaism in accordance to the Jewish practice.
  • Jewish People need to unite - BellaOnline Forums 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC forums.bellaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ The temple-tax was strictly exacted; Jews who lived the Jewish life without openly confessing their religion and Jews who concealed their nationality were brought before the magistrates.

[5][6][7] .Converts to Judaism, whose status as Jews within the Jewish ethnos is equal to those born into it, have been absorbed into the Jewish people throughout the millennia.^ Under Vespasian and Titus the Jews enjoyed freedom of conscience and equal political rights with non-Jewish subjects of Rome.

^ The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia noted that "these [people] pride themselves on being descended directly, and with no admixture of foreign blood, from the old Portuguese Jews."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ III. The Jews in the New Testament A. Different viewpoints within post-exilic Judaism .
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

.In Jewish tradition, Jewish ancestry is traced to the Biblical patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the second millennium BCE. The Jews have experienced three periods of political autonomy in their national homeland, the Land of Israel, twice during ancient history, and currently once again, since 1948, with the establishment of the modern State of Israel.^ The Jewish founding fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, were blessed with cattle and land in abundance.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tomb is believed to be the resting place of the biblical patriarchs and matriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Sarah, Rebecca and Leah.
  • Non-denominational for Christians and Messianic Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Considering the long and rich tradition of Jewish ethics and spirituality, it is with a burdoned heart that one has to face the reality of modern-day Israel's human rights record.
  • Welcome to Jews for a Just Peace 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC jewsforajustpeace.com [Source type: Original source]

.The first of the two ancient eras spanned from 1350 to 586 BCE, and encompassed the periods of the Judges, the United Monarchy, and the Divided Monarchy of the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah, ending with the destruction of the First Temple.^ And according to their so-called literal interpretations of Revalations the end of the world won't come until two conditions are met: One is that Israel must be a nation.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First it declares that the Jewish reading of the Bible is a possible one, in continuity with the Jewish Scriptures of the Second Temple period, a reading analogous to the Christian reading, which developed in parallel fashion (no.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ During Daniel's day, we know that Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the First Temple in 586 BC. We also know from Jeremiah that sacrifices occurred on the temple mount for some years after it was destroyed.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.The second era was the period of the Hasmonean Kingdom spanning from 140 to 37 BCE. Since the destruction of the First Temple, the diaspora has been the home of most of the world's Jews.^ The Jews of the world control much of the first ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jews make the most and have the second highest post-college education level.

^ First it declares that the Jewish reading of the Bible is a possible one, in continuity with the Jewish Scriptures of the Second Temple period, a reading analogous to the Christian reading, which developed in parallel fashion (no.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

[8] .Except in the modern State of Israel, Jews are a minority in every country in which they live, and they have frequently experienced persecution throughout history, resulting in a population that fluctuated both in numbers and distribution over the centuries.^ Yes, they both lost, but look at the lives lost and destruction created in those few short years?
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If Jews were unaccepted in Europe, they should start their own country.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Pentecost episode, curiously enough, sympathetically places Jews in this universal perspective: There were devout Jews from every nation under heaven living in Jerusalem (2:5).
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

.According to the Jewish Agency for Israel, as of 2007 there were 13-14 million Jews worldwide, 5.4 million of whom lived in Israel, 5.3 million in the United States, and the remainder distributed in communities of varying sizes around the world; this represents 0.2% of the current estimated world population.^ We currently see that around the world.

^ In North America, population estimates hover around 13 percent.

^ Even though it is an open secret to the rest of the world, in the US there has been no mention of Israel's secretly built nuclear weapons.

[1] (Other sources cite higher estimates. .For example, the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics estimates the number of Israeli Jews to be 5.6 million and the U.S. Census Bureau estimates the American Jewish population to be as many as 6.4 million.^ That right-wing Israelis and American Jews...
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the death of Herod in 4 B.C. Archelaus kept open house for mourners as the Jewish custom, which reduced many Jews to beggary, prescribed.

^ American universities have owed much to Jewish generosity, a foremost benefactor of these (as of many other American institutions) being Jacob Schiff.

[2][3]) .These numbers include all those who consider themselves Jews whether or not affiliated with a Jewish organization.^ Who are these self-hating Jews?
  • Self-Hating Jews, Self Hatred - The Peace FAQ 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.peacefaq.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First, all have sinned - which includes Jews.

^ Do Jews need to be religious to consider themselves Jews?
  • Jews, Jewish, The Jewish People - The Peace FAQ 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.peacefaq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .The total world Jewish population, however, is difficult to measure.^ Statistics .-Owing to the absence of a religious census in several important countries, the Jewish population of the world can only be given by inferential estimate.

^ The Protocols basically details an alleged Jewish plot to control the world and subjugate its non-Jewish populations.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beginning in the ancient world, Jewish populations have repeatedly attained a position of power and influence within Western societies.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to halakhic considerations, there are secular, political, and ancestral identification factors in defining who is a Jew that increase the figure considerably.^ For if there was going to be an end to the present captivity for you Jews, there was every need for the prophets to foretell this, as is clear to anyone who has even so much as glanced at the prophetic books.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There are also isolated cases of Jews from certain towns in Ukraine and Lithuania who claim Khazar ancestry.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is also a critical mass of very wealthy Jews who are actively involved in funding Jewish causes.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]

Contents

Name and etymology

.The English word Jew continues Middle English Gyw, Iewe, a loan from Old French giu, earlier juieu, ultimately from Latin Iudaeum.^ There only was Judea, and Jesus was a Judean and the first English use of a word in an English bible to describe him was ‘gyu’ — Jew.

^ If the economy continues tanking, expect "cosmopolites" (another old code word for Jew)to be the focus of rage and blame.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the old continuity was not entirely broken; there was a return to earlier conditions, and life moved more freely in its wonted channels.

.The Latin Iudaeus simply means Judaean, "from the land of Judaea". The Latin term itself, like the corresponding Greek Ἰουδαῖος, is a loan from Aramaic Y'hūdāi, corresponding to Hebrew: יְהוּדִי‎, Yehudi (sg.); יְהוּדִים, Yehudim (pl.), in origin the term for a member of the tribe of Judah or the people of the kingdom of Judah.^ In addition to this it should be noticed that the term " Jew " (originally Yehudi ), in spite of its wider application, means properly " man of Judah," i.e.

^ In Rm 11:1, he mentions his status as an Israelite, a descendent of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin as proof that God has not rejected his people.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ It was only the educated church people who could read Latin and Greek, Syriac, Aramaic and the other languages.

.The Hebrew word for Jew, יְהוּדִי, is pronounced [jəhuˈdiː], with the stress on the final syllable.^ Accordingly, for Christians, the God of revelation has pronounced his final word with the advent of Jesus Christ and the Church.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

[10]
The Ladino name is ג׳ודיו, Djudio (sg.); ג׳ודיוס, Djudios (pl.); Yiddish: ייִד: Yid (sg.); ייִדן, Yidn (pl.).
.The etymological equivalent is in use in other languages, e.g., "Jude" in German, "juif" in French, "jøde" in Danish, "judío" in Spanish, etc., but derivations of the word "Hebrew" are also in use to describe a Jewish person, e.g., in Italian (Ebreo), and Russian: Еврей, (Yevrey).^ When Russian soldiers arrived in summer 1944 it turned out that the Kmitas had given shelter also to others, to any person persecuted, be they Jews, POW's, Ukrainians, etc.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Due to the demographic superiority of the German Jews, Yiddish names and Yiddish language came to predominate among all Jewish communities which formerly spoke Czech and East Slavic and other languages as the German Jews married the other Jews.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There only was Judea, and Jesus was a Judean and the first English use of a word in an English bible to describe him was ‘gyu’ — Jew.

[11] The German word "Jude" is pronounced [ˈjuːdə], and is the origin of the word Yiddish.[12] (See Jewish ethnonyms for a full overview.)
According to the The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition (2000):
.It is widely recognized that the attributive use of the noun Jew, in phrases such as Jew lawyer or Jew ethics, is both vulgar and highly offensive.^ Nonetheless, both types use the same phrase to explain their position: "I support Israel".
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The formulae used by Paul seem to suggest that the death of Jesus is to be attributed to all Jews indiscriminately without distinction: anti-Jewish interpreters understand them in this sense.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ Any such personal use of Company aircraft will result in the non-employee director recognizing income for tax purposes, and the Company does not reimburse the non-employee directors for any taxes incurred in connection with such personal use.
  • Definitive Proxy Statement 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC sec.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In such contexts Jewish is the only acceptable possibility.^ The ethnocentrism apparent in such statements was not only the norm in traditional Jewish society, but remains a powerful current of contemporary Jewish fundamentalism, with important implications for Israeli politics.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some people, however, have become so wary of this construction that they have extended the stigma to any use of Jew as a noun, a practice that carries risks of its own.^ In Sweden the Jews have all the rights which are open to non- Lutherans ; they cannot become members of the council of state.

^ The Book of Revelation presents a characteristic development: in the eschatological vision of the new Jerusalem the covenant formula is employed and extended: they will be his people and God himself will be with them (21:3).
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ 'It is forbidden to have anything to do with idols and everything that is used in their form of worship, whether they are made by the Akum or by Jews.'

.In a sentence such as There are now several Jews on the council, which is unobjectionable, the substitution of a circumlocution like Jewish people or persons of Jewish background may in itself cause offense for seeming to imply that Jew has a negative connotation when used as a noun.^ The second question follows from the first: In its presentation of the Jews and the Jewish people, has not the New Testament itself contributed to creating a hostility towards the Jewish people that provided a support for the ideology of those who wished to destroy Israel?
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ When the putsch comes, the scapegoat may not be the Jews, but there will be a scapegoat and the Jews are a handy place to start.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Originally Posted By: Lisa - Judaism Unfortunately, I think the times when Jews are best able to express our unity is when we are under distress and threats from others - as a people (like now, perhaps).
  • Jewish People need to unite - BellaOnline Forums 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC forums.bellaonline.com [Source type: General]

[13]

Judaism

.Judaism guides its adherents in both practice and belief, and has been called not only a religion, but also a "way of life,"[14] which has made drawing a clear distinction between Judaism, Jewish culture, and Jewish identity rather difficult.^ Jewish unity In my second reply or answer to you Lisa I am going to use examples of other religions to compare them to Judaism in accordance to the Jewish practice.
  • Jewish People need to unite - BellaOnline Forums 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC forums.bellaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ "German cultural life seems to be passing increasingly into Jewish hands," Goldstein wrote, "...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I was not without experience of the Jewish way of life under the Law and the punishment set for those who transgress it, was I? "I am a Hebrew of the Hebrews; as regards the Law, a Pharisee; as regards zeal, a persecutor of the Church.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Throughout history, in eras and places as diverse as the ancient Hellenic world,[15] in Europe before and after The Age of Enlightenment (see Haskalah),[16] in Islamic Spain and Portugal,[17] in North Africa and the Middle East,[17] India,[18] and China,[19] or the contemporary United States[20] and Israel,[21] cultural phenomena have developed that are in some sense characteristically Jewish without being at all specifically religious.^ Some Rabbis see security as a religious Jewish imperative.
  • 5TJT.com - Jewish news, Jewish Classifieds, Jewish Videos... 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.5tjt.com [Source type: General]

^ The State of Israel will be based on freedom, justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel ; it will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion , race or sex; it will guarantee freedom of religion , conscience, language, education and culture; it will safeguard the Holy Places of all religions .
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lisa Judaism is very strong rooted in the world, because in the Old Israel and Judea it had two states, in Islamic Spain and Mideaval Poland jews were advisors and counselors or Sultans and Kings, and administrators of the estates of Polish nobiliy in Ukraine.
  • Jewish People need to unite - BellaOnline Forums 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC forums.bellaonline.com [Source type: General]

.Some factors in this come from within Judaism, others from the interaction of Jews or specific communities of Jews with their surroundings, others from the inner social and cultural dynamics of the community, as opposed to from the religion itself.^ Other factors, too, contributed to the demeaning of the Jews.
  • The Guilt of Christianity Towards the Jewish People - Anti-Semitism and Holocaust 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.cdn-friends-icej.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Interactions with other religions .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christianity (as opposed to other religions, specifically Islam)".
  • On CNBC's The Big Idea , Coulter said that "we" Christians "just want Jews to be perfected" | Media Matters for America 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This phenomenon has led to considerably different Jewish cultures unique to their own communities, each as authentically Jewish as the next.^ And equally to the point, how can one separate what is distinctive and unique in Jewish music from that which has been borrowed, incorporated, or assimilated from outside cultures?
  • Jewish Music or Music of the Jewish People? 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.tepel.org [Source type: General]

^ However, since the late 1940's the Jewish community of Turkey had dwindled considerably.
  • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This has led other scholars to argue for Byzantine roots for the earliest Kievan Jewish community.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

[22]

Who is a Jew?

.Judaism shares some of the characteristics of a nation, an ethnicity, a religion, and a culture, making the definition of who is a Jew vary slightly depending on whether a religious or national approach to identity is used.^ What I believe is offensive about Coulter's comments (for those of you who saw them strictly in a religious context) is that Judaism is also an ethnicity and a culture (with a well documented history of persecution and genocide), not just a religion, and it's not possible to talk about Jews or Judaism writ large without invoking those things...unless you're being pretty careful, which as we know Coulter's never is.
  • On CNBC's The Big Idea , Coulter said that "we" Christians "just want Jews to be perfected" | Media Matters for America 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That, however, those among the Khazars who adopted Judaism as their religion came to form a part of the Ukrainian component of eastern European Jews, and eventually to be assimilated by it, can hardly be doubted on the basis of our present state of knowledge."
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I know it won't make sense to those of you who are on the outside looking in, because they always talk about America as the Nation of God.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[23] .Generally, in modern secular usage, Jews include three groups: people who were born to a Jewish family regardless of whether or not they follow the religion, those who have some Jewish ancestral background or lineage (sometimes including those who do not have strictly matrilineal descent), and people without any Jewish ancestral background or lineage who have formally converted to Judaism and therefore are followers of the religion.^ So, do they think a secular humanist is a Jew ?
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are just fine with conversos and those Jews who will follow along with the program.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a group they support the Jewish people and Israel.
  • On CNBC's The Big Idea , Coulter said that "we" Christians "just want Jews to be perfected" | Media Matters for America 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24] .At times conversion has accounted for a substantial part of Jewish population growth.^ There were demographers who contended that the Jewish population of the Rhineland prior to the appearance of East European Jewry, which would eventually become the world’s largest Jewish community, was too small to account for the latter’s rapid growth.

^ Of American Nobel Prize winners, 37% have been Jewish Americans (19 times the percentage of Jews in the population).

^ This first-of-its-kind documentation of local Manitoba Jewish Radicalism is part of the JHC's Jewish Life and Times series.
  • Jewish Heritage Centre of Western Canada Inc. 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jhcwc.org [Source type: General]

.In the first century of the Christian era, for example, the population more than doubled, from 4 to 8–10 million within the confines of the Roman Empire, in good part as a result of a wave of conversion.^ First century B.C. Roman stateman, writer.
  • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

^ First century Roman philosopher.
  • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The 10 tribes that lived in the north countries are eventually carried into exile by the Assyrians (more than 2,700 years, 8th century B.C.E.), and scattered into Irag, Persia and Afganastan.
  • The Abarbanel Signs of Future Days - The Jewish people can help fix the Future Jewish 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishfuture.com [Source type: Original source]

[25]
.Historical definitions of Jewish identity have traditionally been based on halakhic definitions of matrilineal descent, and halakhic conversions.^ The New Testament recognises the definitive value of arguments based on the Jewish Scriptures.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

.Historical definitions of who is a Jew date back to the codification of the oral tradition into the Babylonian Talmud.^ For those many Jews who had a religious basis in their lives, traditional Judaism often served the interests of devaluing others.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And you put every Jew back into his former position, whether he was a Communist, no matter what he was.

^ An ex-fighter who's turned his back on his violent past has to step into his old shoes again when a deadly massacre occurs.
  • Time Warner Cable | On Demand 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC www.twondemand.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Interpretations of sections of the Tanakh, such as Deuteronomy 7:1–5, by learned Jewish sages, are used as a warning against intermarriage between Jews and non-Jews because "[the non-Jewish male spouse] will cause your child to turn away from Me and they will worship the gods of others." Leviticus 24:10 says that the son in a marriage between a Hebrew woman and an Egyptian man is "of the community of Israel." This contrasts with Ezra 10:2–3, where Israelites returning from Babylon vow to put aside their gentile wives and their children.[26][27] .Since the Haskalah, these halakhic interpretations of Jewish identity have been challenged.^ Psychologically these people might as well have been in eighteenth-century Poland, but they were completely unaware of any Jewish identity.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Jewish, as opposed to Christian and Muslim, interpretations of these Old Testament passages are found in the Talmud and Cabalah.

^ In time, these Khazar Jews blended with the other Jewish elements in Poland and ultimately lost their ethnic group identity."
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

[28]

Ethnic divisions

Ashkenazi Jews of late 19th century Eastern Europe portrayed in Jews Praying in the Synagogue on Yom Kippur (1878), by Maurycy Gottlieb.
.Within the world's Jewish population there are distinct ethnic divisions, most of which are primarily the result of geographic branching from an originating Israelite population, and subsequent independent evolutions.^ Part, as an act involving a distinction based on, or an act done by reason of, the other person's race, colour, descent or national or ethnic origin.

^ In this way Mark reveals the most dramatic point of rupture between the Jewish authorities and the person of Christ, a matter that continues to be the most serious point of division between Judaism and Christianity.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ Jewish population (in earlier times, the main bulk) originated from the east, from the Khazar country, and later from Kievian Russia."
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

.An array of Jewish communities were established by Jewish settlers in various places around the Old World, often at great distances from one another resulting in effective and often long-term isolation from each other.^ He said: "Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it were better for him to have a great millstone hung around his neck, and to be drowned in the sea."
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Company’s goal of managing the business to return value to the stockholders over the long term, without undue emphasis on short-term results at the expense of longer term success.
  • Definitive Proxy Statement 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC sec.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He made it clear that the one kind of sacrifice would be abolished and another brought in to take its place when he said: 'Many are the wondrous works you have done.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.During the millennia of the Jewish diaspora the communities would develop under the influence of their local environments; political, cultural, natural, and populational.^ A new Sanhedrin was formed there under the presidency of a ruler, who received yearly dues from all Jewish communities.

^ During this period in Palestine, even in regions where the greater part of the population was Jewish, Hellenistic influence was strong, but not equally felt everywhere.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ This, the natural result of matrimonial and political alliance, already met with under Solomon, receives the usual denunciation.

.Today, manifestation of these differences among the Jews can be observed in Jewish cultural expressions of each community, including Jewish linguistic diversity, culinary preferences, liturgical practices, religious interpretations, as well as degrees and sources of genetic admixture.^ Silbiger compares the very different Christian and Jewish religious traditions about money.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the beginning, the apostolic preaching was addressed only to the Jews and proselytes, pagans associated with the Jewish community (cf.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ The Fourth Gospel recalls these events, and re-evaluates them in the light of the experience of the Johannine communities that had encountered opposition from the Jewish communities.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

[29]
.Jews are often identified as belonging to one of two major groups: the Ashkenazim, or "Germanics" (Ashkenaz meaning "Germany" in Medieval Hebrew, denoting their Central European base), and the Sephardim, or "Hispanics" (Sefarad meaning "Spain/Hispania" or "Iberia" in Hebrew, denoting their Spanish, and Portuguese, base).^ One can be sure that many Jews did not belong to any of the three groups.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ The American Jews bore their share in the Civil War (7038 Jews were in the two armies), and have always identified themselves closely with national movements such as the emancipation of Cuba .

^ And any Jews who speak Yiddish surely must be pure descendants of the Central European Jews.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Mizrahim, or "Easterners" (Mizrach being "East" in Hebrew), that is, the diverse collection of Middle Eastern and North African Jews, constitute a third major group, although they are sometimes termed Sephardi for liturgical reasons.^ Next to these two main groups of Europe, you have the Middle-eastern Mizrachi jews, also called the Arab, Kurd (Mofaz), Persian and Berber jews from Yemen, Iraq, Iran, Morocco, Egypt and other Arab countries, the African (Ethiopian and South-African Lemba) and Asian jews.
  • Jewish People need to unite - BellaOnline Forums 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC forums.bellaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ While not exclusive to Jews, the CMH is found mostly in peoples from the north-eastern Mediterranean region (and, incidentally, among Palestinian Arabs), and its distribution supports the claim that Jews who have the CMH have an ancestral line from the Middle East.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The two groups (eastern and western Jews) intermarried over the centuries.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

[30]
.Smaller groups include, but are not restricted to, Indian Jews such as the Bene Israel, Bnei Menashe, Cochin Jews, and Bene Ephraim; the Romaniotes of Greece; the Italian Jews ("Italkim" or "Bené Roma"); the Teimanim from Yemen and Oman; various African Jews, including most numerously the Beta Israel of Ethiopia; and Chinese Jews, most notably the Kaifeng Jews, as well as various other distinct but now almost extinct communities.^ Israel, on the other hand, was almost annihilated.

^ Full-value stock awards” are equity-based awards other than stock options or stock appreciation rights and includes awards such as restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares and other stock-based awards.
  • Definitive Proxy Statement 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC sec.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such Jews also functioned as the official gold and silver suppliers, as well as the money minters, for the nobles of various lands.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31]
.The divisions between all these groups are approximate and their boundaries are not always clear.^ These populations could be grouped into three main clusters: the first consists of all the Israeli groups with the exception of the Ethiopian Jews; the second consists of non Jewish Caucasians, with a clear distinction seen between Israelis and non Jewish Europeans and U.S. Caucasians; the third, composed of Blacks, is distinctly different from the other populations.
  • Jews, Jewish, The Jewish People - The Peace FAQ 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.peacefaq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DivX is stamping its name on all manners of devices these days, and now it's getting in with the always-guarded content providers.

^ Among these settlers were all groups such as Babylonians, Aramaeans, Jews, Indians and Sakai, etc.
  • A Brief History of Iranian Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.iranonline.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Mizrahim for example, are a heterogeneous collection of North African, Central Asian, Caucasian, and Middle Eastern Jewish communities that are often as unrelated to each other as they are to any of the earlier mentioned Jewish groups.^ This essay presents the pros and cons of the controversial "Khazar theory" of Eastern European Jewish origins and will attempt to provide a likely middle-ground solution to the question.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He supports the work of Jews for Jesus, a Messianic Jewish group strongly criticized by the Jewish community.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "In Vienna," notes Joachim Prinz, "after the Thrity Years' War, for example, the wealth of many of the Jewish families intoxicated the whole Jewish community ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In modern usage, however, the Mizrahim are sometimes termed Sephardi due to similar styles of liturgy, despite independent development from Sephardim proper.^ In modern times, the term has also been applied to Jews who may not have been born Sephardi (or even Jewish) but attend Sephardic synagogues and practice Sephardic traditions.
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Accordingly, in the vernacular of modern-day Jews in Israel and worldwide, especially many Ashkenazi Jews, "Sephardi" has come to be used as an umbrella term for any Jewish person who is not Ashkenazi .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes the Logos is talked about in terms of an independently existing entity (a hypostasis), sometimes he is more like an aspect of God, just like the powers mentioned above.
  • PHILO, ALEXANDRIAN AND JEW* 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.torreys.org [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, among Mizrahim there are Iraqi Jews, Egyptian Jews, Berber Jews, Lebanese Jews, Kurdish Jews, Libyan Jews, Syrian Jews, Bukharian Jews, Mountain Jews, Georgian Jews, and various others.^ Portugal , on the other hand, having abolished the Inquisition in 1821, has since 1826 allowed Jews freedom of religion, and there are synagogues in Lisbon and Faro .

^ From this it appears that the pro-Syrian faction of the Jews had been strong and active enough to bring an Egyptian army upon them (199-198 B.C.).

^ And there are many other historians and archaeologists who have argued that Russian and Polish Jews derive in part from Oriental and Khazarian Jews.
  • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

The Teimanim from Yemen and Oman are sometimes included, although their style of liturgy is unique and they differ in respect to the admixture found among them to that found in Mizrahim. .In addition, there is a differentiation made between Sephardi migrants who established themselves in the Middle East and North Africa after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain and Portugal in the 1490s and the pre-existing Jewish communities in those regions.^ But the reaction of the Jewish community there was hostile.

^ The Jewish Community How do Jews who follow Jesus identify as Jews?
  • Jews for Jesus- http://www.jewsforjesus.org/ 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewsforjesus.org [Source type: General]
  • A Brief History of Jews for Jesus - http://www.jewsforjesus.org/about/history/ 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewsforjesus.org [Source type: General]
  • Jews for Jesus- http://www.jewsforjesus.org/ 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.jewsforjesus.org [Source type: General]
  • What have some Jewish people said about Jesus? - http://www.jewsforjesus.org/answers/jesus/jewishness/ 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewsforjesus.org [Source type: General]

^ The Jews of the Middle East made several kingdoms over the years.
  • The Invention of the Jewish People 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC viewzone.com [Source type: Original source]

[31]
.Despite this diversity, Ashkenazi Jews represent the bulk of modern Jewry, with at least 70% of Jews worldwide (and up to 90% prior to World War II and the Holocaust).^ That’s how we got into World War II. .

^ Schoeman said he grew up hearing the black legends around the Catholic Church, including those related to the Inquisition, torturing of Jews and the Holocaust.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States has been supplying, since the end of World War II, 32 billion dollars of the taxpayer’s money.

.As a result of their emigration from Europe, Ashkenazim also represent the overwhelming majority of Jews in the New World continents, in countries such as the United States, Canada, Argentina, Australia, and Brazil.^ He supported abortion in Eastern Europe, in a country that's losing population, he's a self-admitted atheist, I think he's a very bad influence in the world.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This speech is an explanation of the plans now being laid to throw the United States into a third world war.

^ Jews from every country in the world attended in July 1933.

.In France, emigration of Mizrahim from North Africa has led them to outnumber the Ashkenazim and Sephardim.^ This book explains events leading up to the expulsion of Jews from Spain and Portugal, their dispersal to North Africa and the Middle East and to France, the Low Countries and England.
  • Jews: Hispanic Local History and Genealogy in the United States - Bibliographies & Guides - Local History & Genealogy Reading Room (Library of Congress) 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.loc.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ The smaller of the two is called the Sephardim, some of whose ancestors fled after the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. and spread across North Africa to Spain.
  • jews » Blog Archive » Chosen people ? 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC jews-for-allah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In all honesty, we can say that modern SEPHARDIM Jewry is a mixture of Judean blood with that of Edom, Syria, Canaan, Phonecia and North Africa.

[32] .Only in Israel is the Jewish population representative of all groups, a melting pot independent of each group's proportion within the overall world Jewish population.^ Regardless of all these feelings, I do not like or admire Israel's policies in recent years at all and I do not consider it anti-semitic or anti-Jewish to say that.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In other words, you have a much stronger, more vocal dissent in Israel than within the Jewish community in the United States.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What has got to happen before the world and America awakens to the fact that this group has to be the devil and woking 24/7 to make u s all prisoners of theirs.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[33]

Jewish languages

.Hebrew is the liturgical language of Judaism (termed lashon ha-kodesh, "the holy tongue"), the language in which the Hebrew scriptures (Tanakh) were composed, and the daily speech of the Jewish people for centuries.^ Psychologically these people might as well have been in eighteenth-century Poland, but they were completely unaware of any Jewish identity.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the end of this exposition, necessarily all too brief, the main conclusion to be drawn is that the Jewish people and their Sacred Scriptures occupy a very important place in the Christian Bible.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ They are born Jewish, keep the Jewish traditions and holy days, read the Jewish scriptures (including the ones written by first century Jews), and believe in a Jewish Messiah who was prophesied about in Jewish scriptures.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

.By the fifth century BCE, Aramaic, a closely related tongue, joined Hebrew as the spoken language in Judea.^ Its scope has been extended, since the end of the second century, to include other Jewish writings in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

[34] .By the third century BCE, Jews of the diaspora were speaking Greek.^ During the Greek period, Diaspora Jews learned to speak Greek, as did urban Palestinian Jews, and the need arose for Greek translations of the Scriptures.
  • The Jewish World of Jesus: An Overview 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.uncc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For the long and lonely centuries of our Diaspora in Christian lands, we Jews prayed to be left alone.

^ Many of the books belonging to the third group of religious texts, not yet fixed, were regularly read in Jewish communities during the first century A.D. They were translated into Greek and circulated among Hellenistic Jews, both in Palestine and in the diaspora.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

[35] .Modern Hebrew is now one of the two official languages of the State of Israel along with Arabic.^ And according to their so-called literal interpretations of Revalations the end of the world won't come until two conditions are met: One is that Israel must be a nation.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is noteworthy, also, that an Ahaziah and a Jehoram appear as kings of Israel, and (in the reverse order) of Judah, and somewhat similar incidents recur in the now separate histories of the two kingdoms.

^ A vaunting challenge to Joash (of Israel) gave rise to one of the two fables that are preserved in the Old Testament (Judg.

[36]
.Hebrew was revived as a spoken language by Eliezer ben Yehuda, who arrived in Palestine in 1881. It hadn't been used as a mother tongue since Tannaic times.^ International solidarity with Palestine can use boycott, and other pressure tactics, thoughtfully and effectively to help the oppressed Palestinians and to help those Israelis who support Palestinian rights.
  • Welcome to Jews for a Just Peace 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC jewsforajustpeace.com [Source type: Original source]

[34] .For over sixteen centuries Hebrew was used almost exclusively as a liturgical language, and as the language in which most books had been written on Judaism, with a few speaking only Hebrew on the Sabbath.^ They treat with almost unique fullness a few years in the middle of the 9th century B.C., but ignore Assyria; yet only the Assyrian inscriptions explain the political situation (§ 10 seq.

^ The majority of Christian writings from the second century, as well as manuscripts of the Bible from the fourth century onwards, made use of or contain a great number of Jewish sacred books, including those which were not admitted into the Hebrew canon.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ Christian usage to the Hebrew canon of 2422 books using various combinations and stratagems.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

[37] .For centuries, Jews worldwide have spoken the local or dominant languages of the regions they migrated to, often developing distinctive dialectal forms or branching off as independent languages.^ They are obliged yearly to reject as invalids, or to put off for future examination, a number of Jewish conscripts whose chests are not sufficiently developed.
  • Jews | Jewcy.com 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While Hebrew and Aramaic are the common languages of prayer, sacred, and legal matters, the Jews are quite at home with local languages and dialects.
  • Joshua Project - Jewish Tat, Judeo-Tat of Israel Ethnic People Profile 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.joshuaproject.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Between the 15th and 18th centuries, Jews were not permitted to enter Russia, and when they were finally admitted, they were restricted to one area, the Pale of Settlement.

.Yiddish is the Judæo-German language developed by Ashkenazi Jews who migrated to Central Europe, and Ladino is the Judæo-Spanish language developed by Sephardic Jews who migrated to the Iberian peninsula.^ In CofC I describe several influential Jewish intellectual movements developed by networks of Jews who were motivated to advance Jewish causes and interests.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Jews who had been there for years, the [inaudible - probably Sephardim], those who had Portuguese and Spanish ad Dutch ancestry… who were monotheists and believed in that religious belief.

^ During the Holocaust, when Europe was slaughtering its Jews, it was Turkish consuls who extended protection to fugitives from Vichy France and other Nazi allies.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Due to many factors, including the impact of the Holocaust on European Jewry, the Jewish exodus from Arab lands, and widespread emigration from other Jewish communities around the world, ancient and distinct Jewish languages of several communities, including Gruzinic, Judæo-Arabic, Judæo-Berber, Krymchak, Judæo-Malayalam and many others, have largely fallen out of use.^ Schoeman said he grew up hearing the black legends around the Catholic Church, including those related to the Inquisition, torturing of Jews and the Holocaust.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "In Vienna," notes Joachim Prinz, "after the Thrity Years' War, for example, the wealth of many of the Jewish families intoxicated the whole Jewish community ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2000, the Jerusalem Report also noted: "The Jewish community [in Mexico] keeps a low profile partly because several of its members have been kidnapped.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38]
.The three most commonly spoken languages among Jews today are Hebrew, English and Russian.^ These three chapters in the Letter to the Romans constitute the most profound reflection in the whole of the New Testament on Jews who do not believe in Jesus.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the first Christians were for the most part Palestinian Jews, either Hebrew or Hellenistic (cf.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

.Some Romance languages, such as French, and Spanish are also widely used.^ In some areas, Spanish has become the official language already.
  • Hillary Cries War For Obama | Real Zionist News 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.realjewnews.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Historical: Ladino , Haketia , Judeo-Portuguese , Catalanic , Shuadit , local languages Modern: Local languages, primarily Hebrew , French , English , Spanish , Arabic .
  • http://www.iloveyou.net76.net 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.iloveyou.net76.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ DoroTree - Jewish Genealogy Software A multi-language software program for Jewish genealogy with user interfaces in English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Hebrew.
  • Cyndi's List - Jewish 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.cyndislist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38]
.Yiddish has been spoken by more Jews in history than any other language, closely followed by English and Hebrew (if modern and biblical are counted as one variety).^ Should Jews be more afraid than others?
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is written in two languages: Hebrew and English, each a mirror of the other.
  • Cyndi's List - Jewish 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.cyndislist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the Jews biggest enemy is other Jews!
  • Crash Course in Jewish History #67 - The Miracle of Jewish History 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.aish.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]

Genetic studies

.Genetic studies indicate various lineages found in modern Jewish populations, however, most of these populations share a lineage in common, traceable to an ancient population that underwent geographic branching and subsequent independent evolutions.^ Looking into the most compelling modern day conspiracy theories, Jesse will give equal voice to both believers and skeptics of these enduring ideas.
  • Time Warner Cable | On Demand 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC www.twondemand.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jewish ethnocentrism is well founded in the sense that scientific studies supporting the genetic cohesiveness of Jewish groups continue to appear.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among those nationalist movements were, of course, Zionism (based on both existing and immigrant Jewish populations in the area and on an ancient claim to the land) and Palestinians (based on a current population in the area).
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[39] .While DNA tests have demonstrated inter-marriage in all of the various Jewish ethnic divisions over the last 3,000 years, it was substantially less than in other populations.^ Regardless of all these feelings, I do not like or admire Israel's policies in recent years at all and I do not consider it anti-semitic or anti-Jewish to say that.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A very careful estimate of East Europe’s Jewish population ascertained that there were 2.6 million in Poland at the outbreak of the war - less than the total Polish ‘deaths’ given by Wikipedia.

^ But the Jewish population of Germany (even after the Anschluß with Austria) was minuscule: less than 1 percent, perhaps 300,000-500,000 if I'm remembering the statistics correctly.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[40] .The findings lend support to traditional Jewish accounts accrediting their founding to exiled Israelite populations, and counters theories that many or most of the world's Jewish populations were founded entirely by local populations that adopted the Jewish faith, devoid of any actual Israelite genetic input.^ The biblical sacred texts left open many questions concerning the proper understanding of Israelite faith and conduct.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ In the modern world, these traits influence the academic world and the world of mainstream and elite media, thus amplifying Jewish effectiveness compared with traditional societies.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many Jews, especially religious Jews today in Israel and their supporters abroad, continue to adhere to traditional Jewish ethics that other Jews would like to ignore or explain away.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40][41]
.DNA analysis further determined that modern Jews of the priesthood tribe—"Kohanim"—share an ancestor dating back about 3,000 years.^ [There is] now fewer than 350 Jews on an island of about 125,000 ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We again see the excellence of our priesthood when we find Abraham, the patriarch of the Jews, the ancestor of the Levites, receiving a blessing from Melchizedek and giving tithes to him.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If we go back far enough, we will discover that the ancestors of their "Jewish" ancestors were not "Jews".

[42] .This result is consistent for all Jewish populations around the world.^ Jewish Community Meetups around the world .
  • Jewish Community Meetup Groups - Jewish Community Meetups 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC jewish-community.meetup.com [Source type: General]

^ Jewish Meetups around the world .
  • Jewish Meetup Groups - Jewish Meetups 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC jewish.meetup.com [Source type: General]

^ It has fallen to the British Government, as the result of the conquest of Palestine, to have the opportunity and the responsibility of securing for the Jewish race all over the world a home and a centre of national life.
  • SeanBryson.Com Winston Churchill Zionism Bolshevism Struggle for the Soul of the Jewish People 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.seanbryson.com [Source type: Original source]

[42] .The researchers estimated that the most recent common ancestor of modern Kohanim lived between 1000 BCE (roughly the time of the Biblical Exodus) and 586 BCE, when the Babylonians destroyed the First Temple.^ The Board first adopted this Policy in January 2002 and has refined it from time to time since then, most recently in February 2007.
  • Definitive Proxy Statement 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC sec.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Babylonian Nebuzaradan was sent to take vengeance upon the rebellious city, and on the seventh day of the fifth month 586 B.C. Jerusalem was destroyed.

^ Thus, the return from the Babylonian Exile is described in terms that evoke the liberation from Egyptian oppression at the time of the Exodus (Is 43:16-21).
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

[43] .They found similar results analyzing DNA from Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews.^ They run and distort our foreign policy because lazy and corrupt non-Jew leaders had previously found them valuable as grifters.
  • JewThink: The Jew Mindset 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.resist.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jews came to Utah as a result of the 1849 gold rush in California, having found their California arrival too late for them to stake claims.

^ If Marakesh Jews describe themselves as part of the Jewish people, that is the same as London Mizrahi or London Ashkenazi, that is what they are, however they come to that.
  • ‘There are Israeli, not Jewish people’ –Sand 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC mondoweiss.net [Source type: Original source]

[43] .The scientists estimated the date of the original priest based on genetic mutations, which indicated that the priest lived roughly 106 generations ago, between 2,650 and 3,180 years ago depending whether one counts a generation as 25 or 30 years.^ I dated a vegetarian years ago.
  • Good news for everyone but Jews - ClubSi 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC forums.clubsi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Good news for everyone but Jews - ClubSi 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC forums.clubsi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She's lived in Danville about 30 years.
  • Danville murder-mystery writer Penny Warner is back with a new heroine - ContraCostaTimes.com 6 February 2010 13:58 UTC www.contracostatimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Similarly, so long as one believes that Jesus was anything more than a human being who lived and died around 2,000 years ago, that person cannot convert TO Judaism, and become a Jew.
  • What Jews Believe 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC whatjewsbelieve.org [Source type: Original source]

[43]
.Although individual and groups of converts to Judaism have historically been absorbed into contemporary Jewish populations — in the Khazars' case, absorbed into the Ashkenazim — it is unlikely that they formed a large percentage of the ancestors of modern Jewish groups, and much less that they represented their genesis as Jewish communities.^ And despite a considerable level of intermarriage among less committed Jews, the leadership of the Jewish community in the U.S. is at present not made up of the offspring of intermarried people to any significant extent.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (The modern polished diamond trade is largely located in the Jewish state).
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Given the fractionated state of Israeli politics and the increasing numbers of the religious groups, it is unlikely that future governments can be formed without their participation.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44]
Male lineages: Y chromosomal DNA
.A study published by the National Academy of Sciences found that "the paternal gene pools of Jewish communities from Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East descended from a common Middle Eastern ancestral population", and suggested that "most Jewish communities have remained relatively isolated from neighboring non-Jewish communities during and after the Diaspora".[39] Researchers expressed surprise at the remarkable genetic uniformity they found among modern Jews, no matter where the diaspora has become dispersed around the world.^ Jewish communities were with non-Jews over a 2000-year period.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And for that matter, it's the secular non-Jews who they will go after.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What contact would they wish, anyway, with the non- Jewish world?
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39]
.Other Y-chromosome findings show that the world's Jewish communities are closely related to Kurds, Syrians and Palestinians.^ I suspect you'll find more of your Jewish neighbors to be more reasonable now that there's new management at the Palestinian Authority.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In other words, you have a much stronger, more vocal dissent in Israel than within the Jewish community in the United States.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the danger from this sickness is very closely related to the danger from the other; since the Anomians impiety is akin to that of the Jews, my present conflict is akin to my former one.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

[42][45] .Skorecki and colleague wrote that "the extremely close affinity of Jewish and non-Jewish Middle Eastern populations observed ...^ Jews are at the extreme of this Middle Eastern tendency toward hypercollectivism and hyperethnocentrism.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The relationship between the First Gospel and the Jewish world is extremely close.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ Elsewhere I have argued that Jewish hyperethnocentrism can be traced back to their Middle Eastern origins.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

supports the hypothesis of a common .Middle Eastern origin".[42] According to another study of the same year, more than 70% of Jewish men and half of the Arab men (inhabitants of Israel and the territories only) whose DNA was studied inherited their Y-chromosomes from the same paternal ancestors who lived in the region within the last few thousand years.^ Henry Lowi is an activist who lived for many years in Israel.
  • Welcome to Jews for a Just Peace 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC jewsforajustpeace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That’s only a few years from 1800, which isn’t so very long ago!

^ We owe a debt to these men who sacrificed their lives to save this country, so let’s see what we can do.

.The results are consistent with the Biblical account of Jews and Arabs having a common ancestor.^ Not internal criticism, but the incontestable results of objective observation have shown once and for all that the relationship between the biblical account of the earliest history (Gen.

^ Meeks, Wayne A. and Robert L. Wilken, Jews and Christians in Antioch in the first four centuries of the common era , Scholars Press for the Society of Biblical Literature, c1978.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I never realized that there weren't a lot of Jews anywhere but on the coasts, having grown up in an area where Jews accounted for a healthy minority - say 15%.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.About two-thirds of Israeli Arabs and Arabs in the territories and a similar proportion of Israeli Jews are the descendants of at least three common ancestors who lived in the Middle East in the Neolithic period.^ The Middle East struggle is not about right versus right.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two more were "half-Jews" and three others were married to Jewish women.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It can be assumed that two- thirds of Brazilian Jews belong to the elite who control nearly half of the total personal income and of the country's wealth where nearly half of the population at-large live at a subsistence level."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, the Palestinian Arab clade includes two Arab modal haplotypes which are found at only very low frequency among Jews, reflecting divergence and/or large scale admixture from non-local populations to the Palestinians.^ The most populous occupational category for non-Jews in Russa was/is metal workers (7.2%).
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'Some nationalistic religious extremists frequently identify the Arabs with Amalek, whom the Jews are commanded to annihilate totally (Deuteronomy 25:17-19).

^ They interacted with non-Jews in their professional lives, but very seldom in private."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]
.Points in which Jewish groups differ is largely in the source and proportion of genetic contribution from host populations.^ This resulted in the isolation of Jewish groups genetically from the surrounding population.
  • Gene Expression: The Jewish "People" 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.gnxp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A new study now shows that the women in nine Jewish communities from Georgia, the former Soviet republic, to Morocco have vastly different genetic histories from the men.

^ In fact, the number of non-Jews who share the specific genetic pattern of Cohanim is insignificant, as evidenced by its absence in the large cohorts of non-Jewish men from the same areas who served as the control groups in these studies.
  • CAMERA: Book Review: "The Invention of the Jewish People" 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.camera.org [Source type: Original source]

[47][48] .The proportion of male indigenous European genetic admixture in Ashkenazi Jews amounts to around 0.5% per generation over an estimated 80 generations, and a total admixture estimate "very similar to Motulsky's average estimate of 12.5%."^ Ashkenazi Jews look European.
  • The Invention of the Jewish People | Jewschool 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC jewschool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Compared with other Chinese cities, Harbin is very unique in that it breeds many customs similar to those prevalent in countries on the European continent.
  • Harbin Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www2.kenyon.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In reality, the total amount of Khazar and Slavic ancestry in Ashkenazic Jews appears to be 20 percent or less - while the amount of Middle Eastern ancestry is about 60-70 percent.
  • Robin Shepherd Online » Post Archive » Top BBC presenter hosts eulogy to author who argues that the Jewish people do not exist, as UK anti-Zionist discourse hits another low 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.robinshepherdonline.com [Source type: General]

[39] .More recent study estimates an even lower European male contribution, and that only 5%–8% of the Ashkenazi gene pool is of European origin.^ This was the original of all the medieval forms of oath more judaico, which still prevailed in many European lands till the 19th century, and are even now maintained by some of the Rumanian courts.

[39]
Female lineages: Mitochondrial DNA
Before 2006, geneticists largely attributed the genesis of most of the world's Jewish populations to founding acts by males who migrated from the Middle East and "by the women from each local population whom they took as wives and converted to Judaism." However, more recent findings of studies of maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA, at least in Ashkenazi Jews, has led to a review of this archetype.[49] This research has suggested that, in addition to Israelite male, significant female founder ancestry might also derive from the Middle East.[49] .In addition, Behar (2006) suggested that the rest of Ashkenazi mtDNA is originated from about 150 women, most of those were probably of Middle Eastern origin.^ The eastern European Jews, who form 92 per cent of the world’s population of those people who call themselves Jews, were originally Khazars.

^ From a peak of about 150 families, fleeing the country with the fall of the dictator, there was then probably remaining "not more than five."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50]
.Research in 2008 found significant founder effects in many non-Asheknazi Jewish populations.^ The non-Jewish head of the NKVD, Lavrenti Beria, had "many Jews in his close entourage ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Protocols basically details an alleged Jewish plot to control the world and subjugate its non-Jewish populations.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When, after centuries, the Jewish lawgiver Ezra discovered that notwithstanding many Jews had married non-Jewish women, these marriages were dissolved.

In Belmonte, Azerbaijani, Georgian, Bene Israel and Libyan Jewish communities "a single mother was sufficient to explain at least 40% of their present-day mtDNA variation". In addition, "the Cochin and Tunisian Jewish communities show an attenuated pattern with two founding mothers explaining >30% of the variation." In contrast, Bulgarian, Turkish, Moroccan and Ethiopian Jews were heterogeneous with no evidence "for a narrow founder effect or depletion of mtDNA variation attributable to drift". The authors noted that "the first three of these communities were established following the Spanish expulsion and/or received large influxes of individuals from the Iberian Peninsula and high variation presently observed, probably reflects high overall mtDNA diversity among Jews of Spanish descent. Likewise, the mtDNA pool of Ethiopian Jews reflects the rich maternal lineage variety of East Africa." .Jewish communities from Iraq, Iran, and Yemen showed a "third and intermediate pattern...^ Before the fall of the Shah in 1979, the 80,000 Jews of Iran "on per capita terms may well have been the richest Jewish community in the world."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based upon available data, we may conclude that about two-thirds of the Jewish community of Brazil belong (in terms of income, occupation, educational level, and consumptive patterns) to the upper strata of Brazil's stratification system.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The distribution of these Jewish board members among major companies shows a distinctive interlocking pattern."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

consistent with a founding event, but not a narrow one".[51]
.In this and other studies Yemenite Jews differ from other Mizrahim, as well as from Ashkenazim, in the proportion of sub-Saharan African gene types which have entered their gene pools.^ As modern Jewish defenders point out, there are indeed other Jewish religious citations that can be produced that infer different attitudes towards non-Jews.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47] .African-specific Hg L(xM,N) lineages were found only in Yemenite and Ethiopian Jewish populations.^ Representing about 4% of the "white population," "there is hardly a branch of South African industry in which Jewish men of enterprise and initiative have not had some part."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite representing only one per cent of the German population, 20 per cent of the largest companies had a "substantial" Jewish involvement.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51] .Among Yemenites, the average stands at 35% lineages within the past 3,000 years.^ It is also the Board’s policy that non-employee directors are encouraged to own the Company’s stock and each is expected to own at least 5,000 shares of the Company’s stock within three years of joining the Board.
  • Definitive Proxy Statement 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC sec.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47]

Demographics

Population centres

.There are an estimated 13-14 million Jews worldwide.^ For many Jews, the veil with which Moses covered his face remains over the Old Testament (2 Co 3:13,15), thus preventing them from recognising Christ's revelation there.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

[1] .The table below lists countries with significant populations.^ The most significant consequence of his statement is the likely misery that will be visited on the innocent population of his country.
  • Welcome to Jews for a Just Peace 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC jewsforajustpeace.com [Source type: Original source]

.Please note that these populations represent low-end estimates of the worldwide Jewish population, accounting for around 0.2% of the world's population.^ Despite growing international opposition to these policies, Israel continues to pursue a primarily military strategy while claiming to speak in the name of Jewish people around the world.
  • Welcome to Jews for a Just Peace 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC jewsforajustpeace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Representing about 4% of the "white population," "there is hardly a branch of South African industry in which Jewish men of enterprise and initiative have not had some part."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite representing only one per cent of the German population, 20 per cent of the largest companies had a "substantial" Jewish involvement.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Country or Region Jewish population Total Population % Jewish Notes
Israel 5,393,000 7,117,000 75.8% [1]
United States 5,275,000 301,469,000 1.7% [1]
Europe 1,506,000 710,000,000 0.2% [4]
France 490,000 64,102,000 0.8% [1]
Canada 374,000 32,874,000 1.1% [1]
United Kingdom 295,000 60,609,000 0.5% [1]
Russia 225,000 142,400,000 0.2% [1]
Argentina 184,000 39,922,000 0.5% [1]
Germany 120,000 82,310,000 0.1% [1]
Australia 104,000 20,788,000 0.5% [1]
Brazil 96,000 188,078,000 0.05% [1]
Ukraine 77,000 46,481,000 0.2% [1]
South Africa 72,000 47,432,000 0.2% [1]
Hungary 49,000 10,053,000 0.5% [1]
Mexico 40,000 108,700,000 0.04% [1]
Asia (excl. Israel) 39,500 3,900,000,000 0.001% [4]
Belgium 31,200 10,419,000 0.3% [4]
Italy 28,600 58,884,000 0.05% [4]
Turkey 17,800 72,600,000 0.02% [4]
Iran 10,800 68,467,000 0.02% [4]
Romania 10,100 21,500,000 0.05% [4]
New Zealand 7,000 4,306,400 0.2% [4]
Greece 5,500 11,100,000 0.05% [4]
Cuba 1,500 11,450,000 0.013% [52]
Total 13,156,500 6,455,078,000 0.2% [1]

State of Israel

David Ben Gurion (First Prime Minister of Israel) publicly pronouncing the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, May 14, 1948
.Israel, the Jewish nation-state, is the only country in which Jews make up a majority of the citizens.^ Israel has not been the only one to make a commitment.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ That makes the "secular Jew" a religious racist, or a non-Jew with Jewish ancestors, not a member of an unique and homogenous Jewish "race" nor an unique or homogenous Jewish "ethnicity".

^ Fred, as a young boy, had to look among the non-Jews for playmates because the only other Jewish children were his two older sisters and an older Jewish girl.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[53][54] .Israel was established as an independent democratic state on May 14, 1948.[55] Of the 120 members in its parliament, the Knesset,[56] currently, 12 members of the Knesset are Arab citizens of Israel, most representing Arab political parties and one of Israel's Supreme Court judges is a Palestinian Arab.^ The Board of Directors currently includes 12 independent, non-management directors among its 14 members.
  • Definitive Proxy Statement 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC sec.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many Jewish citizens of Israel that belong to various peace organizastions that rail against the policies of their gov't and sympathize with the plight of many Palestinians.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Roman supremacy was established: the Jews were once more one of the subject states of Syria, now a Roman province.

[57] .Between 1948 and 1958, the Jewish population rose from 800,000 to two million.^ Tensions sometimes rose between Jewish social classes too; Kahan suggests that wealthy Jewish industrialists were reluctant to exploit other Jews in their factories.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The population of the southern part of Mesopotamia - the strip of land enclosed between the Tigris and the Euphrates - was, according to Graetz, mainly Jewish; while the district extending for about 70 m.

^ According to these estimates the total Jewish population of the world in the year named was approximately 11,500,000.

[58] .Currently, Jews account for 75.8% of the Israeli population, or 5.4 million people.^ So, he compelled his entire nation, (which at the time had a population of maybe 18 or 20 million people, and extended to the heart of Europe), they had to become members of that religious belief.

^ The eastern European Jews, who form 92 per cent of the world’s population of those people who call themselves Jews, were originally Khazars.

^ By 1974-75 Jamaican Jews amounted to only .025% of that country's population, but accounted for 24% of the national entrepreneurial elite "as measured by the number of Stock Exchange company boards they served on as directors and chairmen ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .The early years of the state of Israel were marked by the mass immigration of Holocaust survivors and Jews fleeing Arab lands.^ The Great Schlep: Jew Power for Obama an early high-holiday card from Simon Sera's in the Holy Land; I'm sure neither she nor it will ever be the same.

^ I propose that we make clear to both Israel and the Arab states our guarantee that we will act with whatever force and speed are necessary to halt any aggression by any nation”.

^ Why is it that Jews and Arabs could not co-exist in Palestine after WWII without a Jewish state?
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[59] .Israel also has a large population of Ethiopian Jews, many of whom were airlifted to Israel in the late 1980s and early 1990s.^ In early Christianity, an evolution similar to that of Judaism can be observed with, however, an initial difference: early Christians had the Scriptures from the very beginning, since as Jews, they accepted Israel's Bible as Scripture.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ As Zvi Gitelman notes about the Cheka , the early Soviet terrorist police organization: "The high visibility of Jews in the Bolshevik regime was dramatized by the large numbers of Jews in the Cheka ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the late 1930s, Jews, as 5% of the Hungarian population, also owned over 36% of the retail stores, warehouses, and offices."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60] .Between 1974 and 1979 nearly 227,258 immigrants arrived in Israel, about half being from the Soviet Union.^ Here is the other thing Alex NEVER talks about, Israel being involved.

^ Peace Propaganda and the Promised Land” to learn more about the relationships between Israel and the US media.

^ Now, the nuclear bombs that are being developed have a capacity of 200 megatons, and God knows how many megatons the nuclear bombs of the Soviet Union have.

[61] .This period also saw an increase in immigration to Israel from Western Europe, Latin America, and the United States[62] A trickle of immigrants from other communities has also arrived, including Indian Jews and others, as well as some descendants of Ashkenazi Holocaust survivors who had settled in countries such as the United States, Argentina, Australia and South Africa.^ Samuel, and ever since it has been a religious duty for the Jews to obey and accommodate themselves as far as possible to the laws of the country in which they are settled or reside.

^ Full-value stock awards” are equity-based awards other than stock options or stock appreciation rights and includes awards such as restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares and other stock-based awards.
  • Definitive Proxy Statement 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC sec.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Russian soldiers arrived in summer 1944 it turned out that the Kmitas had given shelter also to others, to any person persecuted, be they Jews, POW's, Ukrainians, etc.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some Jews have emigrated from Israel elsewhere, due to economic problems or disillusionment with political conditions and the continuing Arab-Israeli conflict.^ 'Some nationalistic religious extremists frequently identify the Arabs with Amalek, whom the Jews are commanded to annihilate totally (Deuteronomy 25:17-19).

^ USA, 911 and the Israel Connection Jews Reject 60 Years of Israeli Terrorism and Apartheid against Palestinians!

^ Perhaps I need to be more specific: I was turned off to ads Not In Our Name because its full-page ads referred to acts of violence worldwide included genocide against Palestine without including rising violence against Jews (in Israel and elsewhere), thus painting Israel's existance as the problem, not its current politics.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

Jewish Israeli emigrants are known as yordim.[63]

Diaspora (outside Israel)

.The waves of immigration to the United States and elsewhere at the turn of the nineteenth century, the founding of Zionism and later events, including pogroms in Russia, the massacre of European Jewry during the Holocaust, and the founding of the state of Israel, with the subsequent Jewish exodus from Arab lands, all resulted in substantial shifts in the population centers of world Jewry by the end of the twentieth century.^ In western Russia in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a "confrontation (between Jewish and non-Jewish workers) took place predominantly in Jewish-owned factories; the presence of the Jewish worker was considered [by non-Jews] to be part of a 'Jewish plot' which would ultimately replace the non-Jewish worker."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "In England," notes Cecil Roth, "the most notable Jewish figure in the newspaper world in the nineteenth century was J. M. Levy, who founded not merely the Daily Telegraph , but, as a result, popular journalism as a whole in England ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This speech is an explanation of the plans now being laid to throw the United States into a third world war.

[64]
.
In this Rosh Hashana greeting card from the early 1900s, Russian Jews, packs in hand, gaze at the American relatives beckoning them to the United States.
^ (Yiddish) * "When the Pole thinks, he seizes his moustache, when the Russian thinks, he takes hold of his forelocks, and when the Jew thinks, he holds his hands behind."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great Schlep: Jew Power for Obama an early high-holiday card from Simon Sera's in the Holy Land; I'm sure neither she nor it will ever be the same.

^ There is no disguising the fact that in the United States especially the Jews form an important factor in the formation of public opinion and in the control of the finances...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Over two million Jews would flee the pogroms of the Russian Empire to the safety of the US from 1881–1924.[65]
.Currently, the largest Jewish community in the world is located in the United States, with 5.3 million or 6.4 million Jews by various estimates.^ He supports the work of Jews for Jesus, a Messianic Jewish group strongly criticized by the Jewish community.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This speech is an explanation of the plans now being laid to throw the United States into a third world war.

^ In the beginning, the apostolic preaching was addressed only to the Jews and proselytes, pagans associated with the Jewish community (cf.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

.Elsewhere in the Americas, there are also large Jewish populations in Canada, Argentina, and Brazil, and smaller populations in Mexico, Uruguay, Venezuela, Chile, and several other countries (see History of the Jews in Latin America).^ Contrary to Jacobs' misrepresentations, I do cite the Talmud and several other Jewish commentaries on the Old Testament.

^ But there is no question here of anti-Jewish sentiment, since as we have already noted the Gospel recognises that salvation comes from the Jews (4:22).
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ Poland had 10% of its total population Jewish in the 1930s and the Polish premier had ‘stated repeatedly that there were a million too many Jews in Poland’ [17] –so the pressure on them to emigrate was not solely due to German policies.

[1][3]
.Western Europe's largest Jewish community can be found in France, home to 490,000 Jews, the majority of whom are immigrants or refugees from North African Arab countries such as Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia (or their descendants).^ Western Europe's largest Jewish community can be found in France, home to 600,000 Jews, the majority of whom are immigrants or refugees from North African Arab countries such as Algeria , Morocco , and Tunisia (or their descendants).

^ Western Europe's largest Jewish community can be found in France, home to 600,000 Jews, the majority of whom are immigrants or refugees from North African Arab countries such as Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia (or their descendants).
  • The Book of THoTH (Leaves of Wisdom) - Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.book-of-thoth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jews and attracted even Jewish homes.
  • Prague jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.porges.net [Source type: Original source]

[66] .There are 295,000 Jews in the United Kingdom.^ There were 15,000 of them, and they had to get out, and they went across to Ireland, and that’s how Ireland got to be part of the United Kingdom.

^ And, at that time, mind you, there were 80 to 90 million Germans and there were only 460,000 Jews.

.In Eastern Europe, there are anywhere from 350,000 to one million Jews living in the former Soviet Union, but exact figures are difficult to establish.^ The Pentecost episode, curiously enough, sympathetically places Jews in this universal perspective: There were devout Jews from every nation under heaven living in Jerusalem (2:5).
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ After all, there are 100,000 million stars in our Milky Way galaxy.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Roman supremacy was established: the Jews were once more one of the subject states of Syria, now a Roman province.

.The fastest-growing Jewish community in the world, outside Israel, is the one in Germany, especially in Berlin, its capital.^ The fastest-growing Jewish community in the world, outside of Israel, is the one in Germany , especially in Berlin , its capital.

^ The Jews of the Maghrib “abandoned their homes, businesses, and possessions and became penniless refugees with no thought of return.” 1 North Africa’s Jewish communities that, until the early 1960s, contained one of the largest Jewish population in the world, disappeared.

^ Considering the long and rich tradition of Jewish ethics and spirituality, it is with a burdoned heart that one has to face the reality of modern-day Israel's human rights record.
  • Welcome to Jews for a Just Peace 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC jewsforajustpeace.com [Source type: Original source]

.Tens of thousands of Jews from the former Eastern Bloc have settled in Germany since the fall of the Berlin Wall.^ Samuel, and ever since it has been a religious duty for the Jews to obey and accommodate themselves as far as possible to the laws of the country in which they are settled or reside.

^ "In 1933," says Anthony Heilbut, "[Jews] were only five hundred thousand of Germany's sixty-four million people, and one-third of these lived in Berlin.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Jews have mortally hurt their victim's soul, inflicted on it ten thousand wounds, and left it lying in the pit of ungodliness.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

[67]
.The Arab countries of North Africa and the Middle East were home to around 900,000 Jews in 1945. Fueled by anti-Zionism[68] after the founding of Israel, systematic persecution caused almost all of these Jews to flee to Israel, North America, and Europe in the 1950s (see Jewish exodus from Arab lands).^ All these Jewish women survived and left for Argentina or Israel.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After all, these nuts worship Israel.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And sadly, they were almost all Jewish."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Today, around 8,000 Jews remain in all Arab nations combined.^ Today, around 8,000 Jews remain in Arab nations.
  • Jew - Exampleproblems 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.exampleproblems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Book of THoTH (Leaves of Wisdom) - Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.book-of-thoth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It also means that we cannot regard the violence perpetrated by the Zionist government against Arabs and by Arabs against Jews in Israel today in the same manner.
  • ZNet - Resign Judaism 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The depiction of Jews as controlling world decisions and responsible for world conflicts is not limited to the PA, but is rampant today in the Arab world.
  • �Kill A Jew �Go To Heaven� 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.pmw.org.il [Source type: Original source]

[4]
.Iran is home to around 10,800 Jews, down from a population of 100,000 Jews before the 1979 revolution.^ What about today's post-communist Poland, where only about 10,000-25,000 "active, affiliated, and 'border-line' Jews" are estimated to exist?
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nobody cared in Germany whether a Jew went home and pulled down the shades and said ?Shema’ Yisrael?

^ I was at college when 911 happened and I heard this 4,000 Jews nonsense the very same day before it was even in the J-Post.

.After the revolution some of the Iranian Jews emigrated to Israel or Europe but most of them emigrated (with their non-Jewish Iranian compatriots) to the United States (especially Los Angeles, where the principal community is called "Tehrangeles").^ (In the wake of the Khomeini revolution, notes Robert Spero, when Iranian Jews began arriving en masse to the largely Jewish city in New York -- Great Neck on Long Island, they began "to buy hundreds of homes ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some two million emigrated from Europe, both to Palestine and America.

^ In Bolivia, in 1987 the Jewish community numbered only 480 people, and "most are in commerce and trade, but some have entered the cultural life of the nation as musicians, artists, and promoters of athletic teams."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4][69]
.Outside Europe, the Americas, the Middle East, and the rest of Asia, there are significant Jewish populations in Australia and South Africa.^ In fact, noted Joel Kotkin in 1993, "in virtually every society where Jews are represented in any significant numbers -- from the Americas to South Africa to Europe -- [Jewish] levels of educational achievement and occupational and economic status remain far above the national averages."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A middle-aged Messianic Jewish couple from South Africa, they felt God calling them to live in Israel, the Promised Land.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Representing about 4% of the "white population," "there is hardly a branch of South African industry in which Jewish men of enterprise and initiative have not had some part."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]

Demographic changes

Assimilation

.Since at least the time of the Ancient Greeks, a proportion of Jews have assimilated into the wider non-Jewish society around them, by either choice or force, ceasing to practice Judaism and losing their Jewish identity.^ Biblical, or rather Palestinian, thought has been brought into the world of ancient Oriental life, and this life, in spite of the various forms in which it has from time to time been shaped, still rules in the East.

^ As proven by the London Times articles which are reproduced in my book The Jewish Genocide of Armenian Christians , World Jewry was aware of the actions of the Jews in the Ottoman Empire to destroy Christian civilization in the Middle East and to genocide Armenian, Greek and Assyrian Christians.

^ Under Vespasian and Titus the Jews enjoyed freedom of conscience and equal political rights with non-Jewish subjects of Rome.

[70] .Assimilation took place in all areas, and during all time periods,[70] with some Jewish communities, for example the Kaifeng Jews of China, disappearing entirely.^ He supports the work of Jews for Jesus, a Messianic Jewish group strongly criticized by the Jewish community.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A new Sanhedrin was formed there under the presidency of a ruler, who received yearly dues from all Jewish communities.

^ The destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 concludes the period of four centuries, during which the Jews as a nation were in contact with the Greeks and exposed to the influence of Hellenism, not wholly of their own will nor yet against it.

[71] .The advent of the Jewish Enlightenment of the 1700s (see Haskalah) and the subsequent emancipation of the Jewish populations of Europe and America in the 1800s, accelerated the situation, encouraging Jews to increasingly participate in, and become part of, secular society.^ During this period in Palestine, even in regions where the greater part of the population was Jewish, Hellenistic influence was strong, but not equally felt everywhere.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ We become "one new man" all part of the same family, neither Jew nor Gentile, we are all one in Christ.
  • On CNBC's The Big Idea , Coulter said that "we" Christians "just want Jews to be perfected" | Media Matters for America 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Representing about 4% of the "white population," "there is hardly a branch of South African industry in which Jewish men of enterprise and initiative have not had some part."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The result has been a growing trend of assimilation, as Jews marry non-Jewish spouses and stop participating in the Jewish community.^ The result has been a growing trend of assimilation, as Jews marry non-Jewish spouses and stop participating in the Jewish community.
  • Jew - Exampleproblems 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.exampleproblems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Book of THoTH (Leaves of Wisdom) - Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.book-of-thoth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His crackpot theories about the Jews in Israel not being Jews and the Palestinians being the real Jews have been the source of non-stop laughter in every academic institute around the world.
  • Shlomo Sand: ‘There are Israeli, not Jewish people’ « P U L S E 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC pulsemedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By translating the Pentateuch into German and teaching the value of cultural affiliations between Jews and their non-Jewish environment, Mendelssohn opened the route for the cultural contributions made by later Jews, both to the Jewish community and to the world.
  • JEWS. 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[72] .Rates of interreligious marriage vary widely: In the United States, they are just under 50%,[73] in the United Kingdom, around 53%, in France, around 30%,[74] and in Australia and Mexico, as low as 10%.^ Balfour Declaration was merely Great Britain’s promise to pay the Zionists what they had agreed upon as a consideration for getting the United States into the war.

^ There were 15,000 of them, and they had to get out, and they went across to Ireland, and that’s how Ireland got to be part of the United Kingdom.

^ Benjamin H. Freedman is the wealthy backer of ‘Common Sense’.” The reason they do that is to discourage the people in the United States: don’t send any money to Common Sense.

[75][76] .In the United States, only about a third of children from intermarriages affiliate themselves with Jewish religious practice.^ In the United States, only about a third of children from intermarriages affiliate themselves with Jewish practice.
  • Jew - Exampleproblems 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.exampleproblems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Book of THoTH (Leaves of Wisdom) - Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.book-of-thoth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jewish landowner-ship was only about 10% of the proposed state."
  • The Jewish People And Israel Have No Right To Exist | The Distributed Republic 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC distributedrepublic.net [Source type: Original source]

^ India's Jewish population declined dramatically starting in the 1940s with heavy immigration to Israel, England, and the United States.
  • soc.culture.jewish FAQ: Jews As A Nation (7/12) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77] .The result is that most countries in the Diaspora have steady or slightly declining religiously Jewish populations as Jews continue to assimilate into the countries in which they live.^ Samuel, and ever since it has been a religious duty for the Jews to obey and accommodate themselves as far as possible to the laws of the country in which they are settled or reside.

^ We never realized that when they said "athiests" or "secular humanists" they were really talking, those paleocons like Buchanan and friends, about assimilated Jewish-Americans.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The temple-tax was strictly exacted; Jews who lived the Jewish life without openly confessing their religion and Jews who concealed their nationality were brought before the magistrates.

War and persecution

Related articles: Antisemitism, History of antisemitism, New antisemitism
.
Jews (identifiable by the distinctive hats that they were required to wear) being killed by Christian knights.
^ His name has to be added to the list of 704 Polish Christians killed for helping Jews.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ III. Christians are to be Killed because They are Tyrants .

^ And not alone are they four out of five human beings now on the face of this earth, but they are the non-Christian population of the world and they are the non-Caucasians… the non-white nations of the world, and that’s what we face.

French Bible illustration from 1255.
WW I poster shows a soldier cutting the bonds from a Jewish man, who says, "...now let me help you set others free!"
.The Jewish people and Judaism have experienced various persecutions throughout Jewish history.^ In a theme common to Jewish history, the Conversos "throughout the country ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have experienced bits and pieces of antisemitism, having been called all kinds of names, or having people assume that because I was jewish i would be the logical person to handle the money ..
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [All these people] were extremely important as leaders of the Jewish community, and especially as leaders of the various Jewish political movements, including Zionism."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages the Roman Empire (in its later phases known as the Byzantine Empire) repeatedly repressed the Jewish population, first by ejecting them from their homelands during the pagan Roman era and later by officially establishing them as second-class citizens during the Christian Roman era.^ I attended Hebrew school (Chader) at an early age and was later made "Bar Mitzvah" -- "A Son of the Law" -- at the age of thirteen, according to the laws of Judaism.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As proven by the London Times articles which are reproduced in my book The Jewish Genocide of Armenian Christians , World Jewry was aware of the actions of the Jews in the Ottoman Empire to destroy Christian civilization in the Middle East and to genocide Armenian, Greek and Assyrian Christians.

^ "The Jewish hatred of the Armenian 'Amalekites' during the period of the Jewish genocide of Armenian Christians is well documented.

[78][79] .According to James Carroll, "Jews accounted for 10% of the total population of the Roman Empire.^ Poland had 10% of its total population Jewish in the 1930s and the Polish premier had ‘stated repeatedly that there were a million too many Jews in Poland’ [17] –so the pressure on them to emigrate was not solely due to German policies.

.By that ratio, if other factors had not intervened, there would be 200 million Jews in the world today, instead of something like 13 million."^ I pointed out to him that if it were not for assimilation, there would be hundreds of millions of Jews today.
  • Maoz Israel: January 2010 - World Jewry's Greatest Threat Yet? Assimilation 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.maozisrael.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But there are only 14 million Jews alive today.

^ There were other factors, of course.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[80] .Of course, there are many other complex demographic factors involved; the rate of population growth, epidemics, migration, assimilation, and conversion could all have played major roles in the current size of the global Jewish population.^ There's an upside & a downside to all this, of course.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were other factors, of course.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many Jewish citizens of Israel that belong to various peace organizastions that rail against the policies of their gov't and sympathize with the plight of many Palestinians.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Later in medieval Western Europe, further persecutions of Jews in the name of Christianity occurred, notably during the Crusades—when Jews all over Germany were massacred—and a series of expulsions from England, Germany, France, and, in the largest expulsion of all, Spain and Portugal after the Reconquista (the Catholic Reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula), where both unbaptized Sephardic Jews and the ruling Muslim Moors were expelled.^ So, when I was in Germany, 50% of the pupils in German schools were Jews from all over Europe.

^ Jews view Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and all other religions as forbidden religions ( Zechariah 14:9)."

^ I don't expect persecution on a massive scale of all non-white, non-Christians, not because I trust the fascists' motives but because of the international outrage that would ensue (morality?
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[81][82] .In the Papal States, which existed until 1870, Jews were required to live only in specified neighborhoods called ghettos.^ The corporate laws of many states provide that holders of only 10% of shares may call a special meeting.
  • Definitive Proxy Statement 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC sec.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other clandestine press responded to it calling on Jews to organize resistance and to escape from the ghettos, which many did.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why is it that Jews and Arabs could not co-exist in Palestine after WWII without a Jewish state?
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[83] .In the 19th and (before the end of World War II) 20th centuries, the Roman Catholic Church adhered to a distinction between "good antisemitism" and "bad antisemitism". The "bad" kind promoted hatred of Jews because of their descent.^ The same century was not ended before the prospect of liberty dawned on the Jews.

^ There were several Jews [after World War II] ...
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That’s how we got into World War II. .

.This was considered un-Christian because the Christian message was intended for all of humanity regardless of ethnicity; anyone could become a Christian.^ Still, Palestinian civil society has not lost hope in achieving a just peace based on international law and universal human rights, most primary among them the right to full equality of all humans regardless of religion or ethnicity.
  • Welcome to Jews for a Just Peace 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC jewsforajustpeace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Regardless of all these feelings, I do not like or admire Israel's policies in recent years at all and I do not consider it anti-semitic or anti-Jewish to say that.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ BARABAS. No, but I grieve because she lived so long,    An Hebrew born, and would become a Christian.
  • The Jew of Malta, by Christopher Marlowe 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www2.prestel.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.The "good" kind criticized alleged Jewish conspiracies to control newspapers, banks, and other institutions, to care only about accumulation of wealth, etc.^ But others disagree, notably Jacob Lassner, a professor of history and religion, Paula Stern, a settler in the West Bank, and Alan F. Segal, a professor of religion and Jewish studies.
  • Overcoming Bias : Jewish People and Israel 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.overcomingbias.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He adds, "[T]he idea that Jews understand about money and finance, that Jews control America, these racist conspiracy theories are also very common in Turkey.
  • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Three-quarters of the staff were Jews, many of them riffraff incapable of any other work, cut off from the Jewish community although careful to spare fellow Jews."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[84]
Islam and Judaism have a complex relationship. .Traditionally Jews and Christians living in Muslim lands, known as dhimmis, were allowed to practice their religions and to administer their internal affairs, but subject to certain conditions.^ Jews view Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and all other religions as forbidden religions ( Zechariah 14:9)."

^ The back bone of Zionism is organized religion, it is fanatical Jews and Christians.

^ Why, we got Christianity from the Jews and the Jews gave us Jesus, and the Jews gave us our religion”.

[85] .They had to pay the jizya (a per capita tax imposed on free adult non-Muslim males) to the Islamic state.^ Balfour Declaration was merely Great Britain’s promise to pay the Zionists what they had agreed upon as a consideration for getting the United States into the war.

^ Now, they were trying to “frame” our Lord and Savior, claiming that he was influencing the people not to pay taxes so that gold couldn’t be shipped to Caesar.

^ The Jews, wherever they might be, continued to pay the temple-tax; but now it was devoted to Jupiter Capitolinus.

[85] Dhimmis had an inferior status under Islamic rule. .They had several social and legal disabilities such as prohibitions against bearing arms or giving testimony in courts in cases involving Muslims.^ The PA religious, political and educational leaders have systematically built a case against Jewish existence, much as a prosecutor would build a legal case in a court of law to demand a death sentence.
  • �Kill A Jew �Go To Heaven� 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.pmw.org.il [Source type: Original source]

^ And such are the prayers of the Jews, for when they stretch forth their hands in prayer, they only remind God-the-Father of their sin against His Son.

^ Or better still, that the science trial should be held in Iran or Saudi Arabia because American and Western courts are biased against Muslims and their theories?
  • Overcoming Bias : Jewish People and Israel 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.overcomingbias.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[86] Many of the disabilities were highly symbolic. The one described by Bernard Lewis as "most degrading"[87] was the requirement of distinctive clothing, not found in the Qur'an or hadith but invented in early medieval Baghdad; its enforcement was highly erratic.[87] .On the other hand, Jews rarely faced martyrdom or exile, or forced compulsion to change their religion, and they were mostly free in their choice of residence and profession.^ The Jews claim that they are "only" a religion.
  • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They [the Jews] falsified Allahs words, and changed His religion and His laws.
  • �Kill A Jew �Go To Heaven� 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.pmw.org.il [Source type: Original source]

^ They helped also other Jews, e.g.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: General]

[88] .Notable exceptions include the massacre of Jews and/or forcible conversion of some Jews by the rulers of the Almohad dynasty in Al-Andalus in the 12th century,[89] as well as in Islamic Persia,[90] and the forced confinement of Morrocan Jews to walled quarters known as mellahs beginning from the 15th century and especially in the early 19th century.^ In Galilee the Jews predominated over the heathen and their ruler Herod Antipas had some sort of claim upon their allegiance.

^ I had been brought up to believe that all Gentiles were Christians, and that they had murdered and massacred, hated, despised, abused and ill-treated the Jews for centuries.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Early in the 15th century John Hus - under the inspiration of Wycliffe - initiated at Prague the revolt against the Roman Catholic Church.

[91] In modern times, it has become commonplace for standard antisemitic themes to be conflated with anti-Zionist publications and pronouncements of Islamic movements such as Hezbollah and Hamas, in the pronouncements of various agencies of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and even in the newspapers and other publications of Turkish Refah Partisi."[92]
.Throughout history, many rulers, empires and nations have oppressed their Jewish populations or sought to eliminate them entirely.^ Throughout history, many rulers, empires and nations have oppressed their Jewish populations, or sought to eliminate them entirely.
  • Jew - Exampleproblems 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.exampleproblems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Book of THoTH (Leaves of Wisdom) - Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.book-of-thoth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The entire Jewish population had survived, while in many other regions Jewish communities were eliminated.
  • Jews of Zakynthos 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.aish.com [Source type: General]

^ Throughout history, many nations have been persecuted and have disappeared.

.Methods employed ranged from expulsion to outright genocide; within nations, often the threat of these extreme methods was sufficient to silence dissent.^ Methods employed have ranged from expulsion to outright genocide; within nations, often the threat of these extreme methods was sufficient to silence dissent.
  • Jew - Exampleproblems 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.exampleproblems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Book of THoTH (Leaves of Wisdom) - Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.book-of-thoth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These disagreements ranged from the unconcerned to rejection, moderate to extreme concern, and positive to negative.
  • Jewish-American ethnic group 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.gordon.army.mil [Source type: Original source]

^ These range from celebrations of religious holidays as national holidays to cultural concepts of right and wrong.
  • Indecent Proposal | The New Republic 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.tnr.com [Source type: Original source]

.The history of antisemitism includes the First Crusade which resulted in the massacre of Jews;[81] the Spanish Inquisition (led by Torquemada) and the Portuguese Inquisition, with their persecution and Auto de fé against the New Christians and Marrano Jews;[93] the Bohdan Chmielnicki Cossack massacres in Ukraine;[94] the Pogroms backed by the Russian Tsars;[95] as well as expulsions from Spain, Portugal, England, France, Germany, and other countries in which the Jews had settled.^ The Jews were doing very well in Germany.

^ Nor was it exactly like the Spanish Inquisition and Expulsion.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jews view Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and all other religions as forbidden religions ( Zechariah 14:9)."

[82] .The persecution reached a peak in Adolf Hitler's Final Solution, which led to the Holocaust and the slaughter of approximately 6 million Jews from 1939 to 1945.[96] According to a recent study published in the American Journal of Human Genetics 19.8% of the modern Iberian population has Sephardic Jewish ancestry,[97] indicating that the number of conversos may have been much higher than originally thought.^ Christ clearly is sprung from that tribe, namely the tribe of Judah; Christ surely is a priest according to the order of Melchizedek; Melchizedek is surely much more venerable than Abraham.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time he saw that the Jews, too, who were even more imperfect than the pagans, would put aside their worship through sacrifices, holocausts, and other material things and be led to our way of life.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Laura Kightlinger: Half-Jew, More Than Half-Hot We get it, America: There's too much ranting in the blogosphere.

[98]
.The most notable modern day persecution of Jews remains the Holocaust — the state-led systematic persecution and genocide of European Jews (and certain communities of North African Jews in European controlled North Africa) and other minority groups of Europe during World War II by Nazi Germany and its collaborators.^ That’s how we got into World War II. .

^ This tendency continues to manifest itself: the responsibility of the Nazis has been extended to include all Germans, that of certain western lobbies to include all Europeans, that of certain illegal immigrants to include all Africans.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ In the first days of August 1942 she published a pamphlet, called "Protest", which was secretly distributed in 5,000 copies, in which she directly opposed the persecution of Jews, writing: "The World looks on this crime that exceeds all that history had ever witnessed, and it remains silent.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[99] The persecution and genocide were accomplished in stages. .Legislation to remove the Jews from civil society was enacted years before the outbreak of World War II.[100] Concentration camps were established in which inmates were used as slave labour until they died of exhaustion or disease.^ Divisions based on different interpretations of the Law existed after the year 70 just as they did before.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ By this he meant the years to come until the consummation of the world.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A few days before the passover of 70 Titus advanced upon Jerusalem, but the civil war went on.

[101] .Where the Third Reich conquered new territory in eastern Europe, specialized units called Einsatzgruppen murdered Jews and political opponents in mass shootings.^ Third , many of the reasons that might support enabling stockholders to call special .
  • Definitive Proxy Statement 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC sec.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now, those are the people that again went on the war-path, and they are now up to their old tricks and have been, because after this Russian Empire expanded, they conquered the Khazar Kingdom, and incorporated the people and the territory in the Russian Empire, and the so-called Jews in Russia, who were then the orthodox Jews, we’ll call them, .

^ Had not these so-called Christians murdered thousands of my own people during the Crusades in Europe and during the Inquisition in Spain?
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[102] .Jews and Roma were crammed into ghettos before being transported hundreds of miles by freight train to extermination camps where, if they survived the journey, the majority of them were killed in gas chambers.^ But before that he stole into the ghetto and into the Belzec extermination camp, disguised as a Latvian soldier.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He sent many telegrams to London to alert the world about the destruction of the Jews, telling that 700 daily were being loaded into freight wagons and dispatched to Majdanek (Treblinka rather?
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Germans drove the Jews into trains, one hundred in each wagon, so tightly that they hardly could just stand.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[103] .Virtually every arm of Germany's bureaucracy was involved in the logistics of the mass murder, turning the country into what one Holocaust scholar has called "a genocidal nation."^ Ile said, “No, we can’t sell you any more, at all.” So, at that time, Germany and Japan had a treaty; Any country that declared war on either one was instantly at war with both!

^ ITHAMORE. Fie upon 'em, master, will you turn Christian,    When holy friars turn devils and murder one another?
  • The Jew of Malta, by Christopher Marlowe 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www2.prestel.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned, every one to his own way; and the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all."
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

[104]

Migrations

Etching of the expulsion of the Jews from Frankfurt on August 23, 1614. The text says: "1380 persons old and young were counted at the exit of the gate"
.
Jewish refugees in Shanghai, China during World War II.
^ That’s how we got into World War II. .

^ The United States has been supplying, since the end of World War II, 32 billion dollars of the taxpayer’s money.

^ However, as the entire world found out the hard way during World War II, in the short run, the people trying to turn the clock back can get a lot of people killed in their attempts to do so.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Shanghai offered unconditional asylum for tens of thousands of Jewish refugees from Europe escaping the Holocaust.^ "First I escaped from Hitler as a Jewish refugee.
  • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jews in Poland, when the Turkish capture of Constantinople (1453) offered a new asylum for the hunted Jews of Europe.

[105]
.Throughout Jewish history, Jews have repeatedly been directly or indirectly expelled from both their original homeland, and the areas in which they have resided.^ Samuel, and ever since it has been a religious duty for the Jews to obey and accommodate themselves as far as possible to the laws of the country in which they are settled or reside.

^ The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia noted that "these [people] pride themselves on being descended directly, and with no admixture of foreign blood, from the old Portuguese Jews."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jews had infiltrated many areas of German life, particularly the media, through the newspapers they owned and edited, as well as the movies they wrote and produced."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This experience as both immigrants and emigrants (see: Jewish refugees) has shaped Jewish identity and religious practice in many ways, and is thus a major element of Jewish history.^ While the Spanish period of Jewish history was thus brilliant from the point of view of public service, it was equally notable on the literary side.

^ In The Jewish War , 307 Josephus gives a lengthy laudatory description of Essene piety and its way of life that, in many ways, resembled a monastic settlement.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ On the practical level of exegesis, Christians can, nonetheless, learn much from Jewish exegesis practised for more than two thousand years, and, in fact, they have learned much in the course of history.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

[106] An incomplete list of such migrations includes:
  • The patriarch Abraham was a migrant to the land of Canaan from Ur of the Chaldees[107] after an attempt on his life by King Nimrod.[108]
  • .
  • The Children of Israel experienced the Exodus (meaning "departure" or "exit" in Greek) from ancient Egypt, as recorded in the Book of Exodus.^ Together with Israel's entrance to the Promised Land (Ex 15:17), the Exodus from Egypt becomes the principal affirmation of their profession of faith.
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The miraculous exodus of Israel out of Egypt, and especially the cleaving of the sea, had created such alarm among the heathens, that none among them had dared to approach Israel.

    ^ From the beginning of its history, with the Exodus from Egypt , Israel had experienced the lordas Liberator and Saviour: to this the Bible witnesses, describing how Israel was rescued from Egyptian power at the time of the crossing of the sea (Ex 14:21-31).
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    [109]
  • .
  • The Kingdom of Israel was sent into permanent exile and scattered all over the world (or at least to unknown locations) by Assyria.^ Despite all this, one must not fall into the easy error of exaggerating the degeneration into which the Jewries of the world fell from the middle of the 17th till the middle of the 18th century.

    ^ So if they hadn’t sent that eight billion dollars to Israel, seven billion of it would have gone into the U.S. Treasury as income tax.

    ^ His father was a doctor, Dr. Simon Baruch, who had brought me into the world, and Bernard Baruch was a visitor at our home all the time.

    [110]
  • .
  • The Kingdom of Judah was exiled by Babylonia,[111] then returned to Judea by Cyrus the Great of the Persian Achaemenid Empire,[112] and then many were exiled again by the Roman Empire.^ Judea was a province of the Roman Empire.

    ^ The religion of Judaism, in many respects, inherited the pre-exilic religion of the kingdom of Judah.
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If he should become your foe, God will be your friend and will give you in return many great blessings on that day.
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    [113]
  • .
  • The 2,000 year dispersion of the Jewish diaspora beginning under the Roman Empire, as Jews were spread throughout the Roman world and, driven from land to land, and settled wherever they could live freely enough to practice their religion.^ Yes, they both lost, but look at the lives lost and destruction created in those few short years?
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Samuel, and ever since it has been a religious duty for the Jews to obey and accommodate themselves as far as possible to the laws of the country in which they are settled or reside.

    ^ KIERSZNIEWSKI, Roman KIERSZNIEWSKI, Irena wife Before the war the couple lived in Warsaw, but after the return of Roman from the September 1939 campaign, they moved to Zielonka, near Warsaw.
    • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Over the course of the diaspora the center of Jewish life moved from Babylonia[114] to the Iberian Peninsula[115] to Poland[116] to the United States[117] and, as a result of Zionism, to Israel.^ He broke with organized Jewry after the Judeo-Communist victory of 1945, and spent the remainder of his life and the great preponderance of his considerable fortune, at least 2.5 million dollars, exposing the Jewish tyranny which has enveloped the United States.

    ^ Jewish leaders have already introduced these laws into the laws of the United States of America.

    ^ Earmarks specified RDT&E funds for producing Arrow missile components in the United States and Arrow missile components and missiles in Israel to meet Israel’s defense requirements.

    [118]
  • .
  • Many expulsions during the Middle Ages and Enlightenment in Europe, including: 1290, 16,000 Jews were expelled from England, see the (Statute of Jewry); in 1396, 100,000 from France; in 1421 thousands were expelled from Austria.^ Army Of Darkness (1993): The final installment in the Evil Dead trilogy, Army of Darkness is a wild romp through the middle ages and thousands of zombie-demons!
    • Time Warner Cable | On Demand 25 January 2010 0:11 UTC www.twondemand.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ During the revolutionary outbreak of 1848, the Jews suffered severely in Hungary, but as many as 20,000 Jews are said to have joined the army.

    ^ Rather, what I would like to see is for Jews and Palestinians as well as Arabs throughout the Middle East achieve a peaceful solution.
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Many of these Jews settled in Eastern Europe, especially Poland.^ Because, the Eastern European Jews outnumber all the rest by so many that they create the impression that they are the Jewish ‘race’; that they are the Jewish nation; that they are the Jewish people.

    ^ Nearly all the banks in the capital, and indeed in the Dual Monarchy as a whole, were owned by Jews as were many of the most important newspapers, especially those of mass circulation."
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Now, these Pagans, these Asiatics, these Turko-Finns… they were a Mongoloid race who were forced out of Asia into eastern Europe.

    [119]
  • .
  • Following the Spanish Inquisition in 1492, the Spanish population of around 200,000 Sephardic Jews were expelled by the Spanish crown and Catholic church, followed by expulsions in 1493 in Sicily (37,000 Jews) and Portugal in 1496. The expelled Jews fled mainly to the Ottoman Empire, the Netherlands, and North Africa, others migrating to Southern Europe and the Middle East.^ Nor was it exactly like the Spanish Inquisition and Expulsion.
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Schoeman said he grew up hearing the black legends around the Catholic Church, including those related to the Inquisition, torturing of Jews and the Holocaust.
    • Messianic Jews for Yeshua (Jesus) 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC bibleprobe.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So, between 1967 and 1970 approximately 50.000 American Jews fell for this Zionist propaganda and migrated to Israel.

    [120]
  • .
  • During the 19th century, France's policies of equal citizenship regardless of religion led to the immigration of Jews (especially from Eastern and Central Europe).^ That is how the people of Eastern Europe became what we know today as Jews.

    ^ There was hardly a Cabinet during the period between the eighth century and the Christian Reconquest which did not have a Jew serving as minister of finance."
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In the 16th century, some Jews were experts in gunpowder and cannon manufacture and co-religionists "probably served as military suppliers during this period in Central Europe also."
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [121]
  • .
  • The arrival of millions of Jews in the New World, including immigration of over two million Eastern European Jews to the United States from 1880–1925, see History of the Jews in the United States and History of the Jews in Russia and the Soviet Union.^ So the German bankers — the German-Jews — Kuhn Loeb and the other big banking firms in the United States refused to finance France or England to the extent of one dollar.

    ^ This speech is an explanation of the plans now being laid to throw the United States into a third world war.

    ^ Because, the Eastern European Jews outnumber all the rest by so many that they create the impression that they are the Jewish ‘race’; that they are the Jewish nation; that they are the Jewish people.

    [122]
  • .
  • The Pogroms in Eastern Europe,[95] the rise of modern antisemitism,[123] the Holocaust,[124] and the rise of Arab nationalism[125] all served to fuel the movements and migrations of huge segments of Jewry from land to land and continent to continent, until they arrived back in large numbers at their original historical homeland in Israel.^ Israel is a violent nation that engages in false flag operations routinely and serves the interests of the MIC not any particular ethnicity.

    ^ For the author, the land of Israel is only a symbolic pointer towards a very different land, a heavenly homeland.
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The sight of Cain's palsied limbs was a lesson for all he met; it served to teach all men and exhort them never to dare do what he had done, so that they might not suffer the same punishment.
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    [118]
  • .
  • The Islamic Revolution of Iran forced many Iranian Jews to flee Iran.^ Immediately after the Revolution, many Jews were euphoric over their high representation in the new government.
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Most found refuge in the US (particularly Los Angeles, CA) and Israel. .Smaller communities of Persian Jews exist in Canada and Western Europe.^ The Babylonian Jews were practically independent, and the exilarch ( reshgalutha ) or prince of the captivity was an official who ruled the community as a vassal of the Persian throne.

    [126]
  • .
  • When the Soviet Union collapsed, many of the Jews in the affected territory (who had been refuseniks) were suddenly allowed to leave.^ Many of the Jews did leave.
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Accordingly, war was of course allowed also, and the Jews were no more illogical than the Moslem who kills the outlander.

    ^ I'm not Jewish, but I wonder where that leaves all the Jews I know, who are secular, liberal or left wing, and "cosmopolitan?"
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    This produced a wave of migration to Israel in the early 1990s.[63]

Growth

.Israel is the only country with a consistently growing Jewish population due to natural population increase, though the Jewish populations of other countries in Europe and North America have recently increased due to immigration.^ Only in Israel is the number of Jewish people steadily increasing.
  • Maoz Israel: January 2010 - World Jewry's Greatest Threat Yet? Assimilation 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.maozisrael.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Israel is the only country with a consistently growing Jewish population due to natural population increase, though the Jewish populations of other countries in Europe and North America have recently increased due to immigration.
  • Jew - Exampleproblems 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.exampleproblems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Book of THoTH (Leaves of Wisdom) - Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.book-of-thoth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Spain was the only other country in Europe with an equally influential Jewish population.
  • The Revolutionary Jew 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.culturewars.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the Diaspora, in almost every country the Jewish population in general is either declining or steady, but Orthodox and Haredi Jewish communities, whose members often shun birth control for religious reasons, have experienced rapid population growth.^ Jewish] community whose interests he championed."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They took part in almost all the peasants' commercial dealings in the Pale and generally excluded non-Jewish competition from this field of activity."
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2000, the Jerusalem Report also noted: "The Jewish community [in Mexico] keeps a low profile partly because several of its members have been kidnapped.
  • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[127]
.Orthodox and Conservative Judaism discourage proselytization to non-Jews, but many Jewish groups have tried to reach out to the assimilated Jewish communities of the Diaspora in order for them to reconnect to their Jewish roots.^ We're not considered Jewish by the Orthodox or the Conservatives.
  • What Will Happen When Judaism Accepts Half-Jewish People? | Jewcy.com 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jewish communities were with non-Jews over a 2000-year period.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Orthodox and Conservative Judaism discourage proselytization to non-Jews, but many Jewish groups have tried to reach out to the assimilated Jewish communities of the Diaspora in order to increase the number of Jews.
  • Jew - Exampleproblems 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.exampleproblems.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Book of THoTH (Leaves of Wisdom) - Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.book-of-thoth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Additionally, while in principle Reform Judaism favors seeking new members for the faith, this position has not translated into active proselytism, instead taking the form of an effort to reach out to non-Jewish spouses of intermarried couples.^ Additionally, while in principle Reform Judaism favors seeking new members for the faith, this position has not translated into active proselytism, instead taking the form of an effort to reach out to non-Jewish spouses of intermarried couples.
  • The Book of THoTH (Leaves of Wisdom) - Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.book-of-thoth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jewish instead of assimilating into oblivion.
  • Crash Course in Jewish History #67 - The Miracle of Jewish History 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.aish.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Jewish religion does not, as a rule, actively seek converts, but it is possible for a non-Jew to become a Jew -- convert to Judaism -- either following the stricter Orthodox rules, or the more lenient courses of study and preparation followed by Conservative, Reform or Reconstructionist Judaism.

[128] .There is also a trend of Orthodox movements pursuing secular Jews in order to give them a stronger Jewish identity so there is less chance of intermarriage.^ And again, there was another text, where the Jews were saying: 'Will the Lord receive it in place of holocausts if I give my first-born for my wickedness, the fruit of my body for the sin of my souls?'
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ One day, gendarmes arrived and ordered the father and Honorata to give up their Jews.
  • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Israel has to exist so there can be a SECOND COMING! Many, not all, fundamentalist Christian could care less about the Jews, but they need them.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a result of the efforts by these and other Jewish groups over the past twenty-five years, there has been a trend of secular Jews becoming more religiously observant, known as the Baal Teshuva movement, though the demographic implications of the trend are unknown.^ First my parents described the early days, the "red Center" days when progressive, secular Jews were a thorn in the side of the conservative Jewish establishment; when Vietnam, the Civil Rights movement, poverty and feminism galvanized these suburban liberals.

^ For four-hundred years there wasn’t a Jew.

^ It is truer to say that the fact that these Books are to be found in the synagogues makes them more detestable, for the Jews have simply introduced these Books, ' not to honour them, but to insult them, and to dishonour them' [Sermon I:5 and VI:6].
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

[129] .Additionally, there is also a growing movement of Jews by Choice by gentiles who make the decision to head in the direction of becoming Jews.^ Now, when the war was ended, and the Germans went to Paris, to the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, there were 117 Jews there, as a delegation representing the Jews, headed by Bernard Baruch.

^ Eight hundred Jews who had held a fortress against him were crucified; 8000 Pharisees fled to Egypt and remained there.

^ It will only be a few more minutes.� The leader craned his neck to look around the secretary’s head as he demanded, Who is in there with him?

[130]

Jewish leadership

.There is no single governing body for the Jewish community, nor a single authority with responsibility for religious doctrine.^ There is no Jewish mark of Cain.
  • Why I am a Jew 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.whyiamajew.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There was no religious feeling.

^ I should say, there will be no one hereafter who will dare to flee to them, and the body of the Church will be unsullied and pure.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

[131] .Instead, a variety of secular and religious institutions at the local, national, and international levels lead various parts of the Jewish community on a variety of issues.^ Modern variations - The Jewish religious year .
  • Judaism (religion) :: Israel (the Jewish people) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What I am saying is that if the world’s leading archaeologists whose expertise on Israel’s ancient history is widely regarded as world-class by the scientific community are excluded from peer review on grounds of their ethnic, national or religious background, you are opening Pandora’s box: you kill science as we know it and get science trials instead.
  • Overcoming Bias : Jewish People and Israel 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.overcomingbias.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To conclude this section: In general, the contemporary organized Jewish community is characterized by high levels of Jewish identification and ethnocentrism.
  • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[132]

Notable Jews

.Jews have made contributions in a broad range of human endeavors, including the sciences, arts, politics, and business.^ By this new departure (19th of October 1781) the Jews were permitted to learn handicrafts, arts and sciences, and with certain restrictions to devote themselves to agriculture .

^ Many Jews have been members of the Reichsrath, some have risen to the rank of general in the army, and Austrian Jews have contributed their quota to learning, the arts and literature.

^ His writing has addressed areas of theoretical interest in the social sciences and humanities apart from anthropology, including geography, history, political science, cultural studies, post-colonial studies, international studies and creative writing.

[133][134] .The number of Jewish Nobel prize winners is far out of proportion to the percentage of Jews in the world's population.^ And many JEws, as you point out, considered themselves more German than Jewish.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Statistics .-Owing to the absence of a religious census in several important countries, the Jewish population of the world can only be given by inferential estimate.

^ There are also Jews in Curacoa , Surinam, Luxemburg , Norway, Peru, Crete and Venezuela ; but in none of these does the Jewish population much exceed woo.

[135][134]

See also

More complete guides to topics related to the Jews is available from the guide at the top or bottom of this page. Some topics of interest include:

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah (PDF) Annual Assessment, Jewish People Policy Planning Institute (Jewish Agency for Israel), 2007, p. 15, http://www.jpppi.org.il/JPPPI/SendFile.asp?DBID=1&LNGID=1&GID=489 , based on American Jewish Year Book. 106. American Jewish Committee. 2006. http://www.ajcarchives.org/main.php?GroupingId=10142. 
  2. ^ a b (DOC) Statistical Abstract of Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, 2009, http://www1.cbs.gov.il/www/hodaot2009n/11_09_208b.doc 
  3. ^ a b c (PDF) Statistical Abstract, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007, http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/tables/09s0076.pdf 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "The Jewish Population of the World (2006)". Jewish Virtual Library. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/jewpop.html. , based on American Jewish Year Book. 106. American Jewish Committee. 2006. http://www.ajcarchives.org/main.php?GroupingId=10142. 
  5. ^ [1] "The Jewish Problem: How To Solve It," U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis, "Jews are a distinctive nationality of which every Jew, whatever his country, his station or shade of belief, is necessarily a member" (April 25, 1915), University of Louisville Louis D. Brandeis School of Law, Retrieved on June 15, 2009
  6. ^ [2] Palmer, Henry, A History of the Jewish Nation (1875), D. Lothrop & Co., Retrieved on June 15, 2009
  7. ^ [3] "The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Vol. 7: Berlin Years," U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis, "The Jewish Nation is a living fact" (June 21, 1921), Princeton University Press, Retrieved on June 15, 2009
  8. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 82.
  9. ^ a b Pfeffer, Anshel (September 12, 2007). "Jewish Agency: 13.2 million Jews worldwide on eve of Rosh Hashanah, 5768". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/903585.html. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  10. ^ Grintz, Yehoshua M. (2007). "Jew". in Fred Skolnik. Encyclopaedia Judaica. 11 (2d ed.). Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. p. 253. ISBN 0-02-865928-2. 
  11. ^ Falk, Avner (1996). A Psychoanalytic History of the Jews. Madison, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 131. ISBN 0-8386-3660-8. 
  12. ^ "Yiddish". Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.). Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster. 2004. p. 1453. ISBN 0-87779-809-5. 
  13. ^ "Jew", The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition (2000). Archived from the original on June 21, 2008. Retrieved on October 26, 2009.
  14. ^ Neusner (1991) p. 64
  15. ^ Patai, Raphael (1996) [1977]. The Jewish Mind. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-8143-2651-X. 
  16. ^ Johnson, Lonnie R. (1996). Central Europe: Enemies, Neighbors, Friends. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-19-510071-9. 
  17. ^ a b Sharot (1997), pp. 29–30.
  18. ^ Sharot (1997), pp. 42–43.
  19. ^ Sharot (1997), p. 42.
  20. ^ Fishman, Sylvia Barack (2000). Jewish Life and American Culture. Albany, N.Y.: .State University of New York Press.^ New York, Columbia University Press, 1978 and "The Jews and the Poles in World War II".
    • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Witness the despicable co-opting of New York's and DC's tragedy for monetary gain in red states.
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ New York, Hippocrene Books, 1981; "The Polish Underground State - a Guide to the Underground, 1939-1945".
    • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    p. 38. ISBN 0-7914-4546-1.
     
  21. ^ Kimmerling, Baruch (1996). The Israeli State and Society: Boundaries and Frontiers. Albany, N.Y.: .State University of New York Press.^ New York, Columbia University Press, 1978 and "The Jews and the Poles in World War II".
    • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Witness the despicable co-opting of New York's and DC's tragedy for monetary gain in red states.
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ New York, Hippocrene Books, 1981; "The Polish Underground State - a Guide to the Underground, 1939-1945".
    • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    p. 169. ISBN 0-88706-849-9.
     
  22. ^ Lowenstein, Steven M. (2000). The Jewish Cultural Tapestry: International Jewish Folk Traditions. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 228. ISBN 0-19-513425-7. 
  23. ^ Weiner, Rebecca (2007). "Who is a Jew?". Jewish Virtual Library. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/whojew1.html. Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  24. ^ Fowler, Jeaneane D. (1997). World Religions: An Introduction for Students. Sussex Academic Press. pp. 7. ISBN 1898723486. 
  25. ^ Bauer, Yehuda. "Problems of Contemporary Anti-Semitism", 2003, p. 2. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
  26. ^ "What is the origin of Matrilineal Descent?". Shamash.org. September 4, 2003. http://www.shamash.org/lists/scj-faq/HTML/faq/10-11.html. Retrieved January 9, 2009. 
  27. ^ "What is the source of the law that a child is Jewish only if its mother is Jewish?". Torah.org. http://www.torah.org/qanda/seequanda.php?id=318. Retrieved January 9, 2009. 
  28. ^ Dosick (2007), pp. 56–57.
  29. ^ Dosick (2007), p. 60.
  30. ^ Dosick (2007), p. 59.
  31. ^ a b Schmelz, Usiel Oscar; Sergio DellaPergola (2007). "Demography". in Fred Skolnik. Encyclopaedia Judaica. 5 (2d ed. ed.). Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. p. 571. ISBN 0-02-865928-2. 
  32. ^ Schmelz, Usiel Oscar; Sergio DellaPergola (2007). "Demography". in Fred Skolnik. Encyclopaedia Judaica. 5 (2d ed. ed.). Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. pp. 571–572. ISBN 0-02-865928-2. 
  33. ^ Dosick (2007), p. 61.
  34. ^ a b Grintz, Jehoshua M. "Hebrew as the Spoken and Written Language in the Last Days of the Second Temple." Journal of Biblical Literature. March, 1960.
  35. ^ Feldman (2006), p. 54.
  36. ^ "Language and Literature". Embassy of Israel. http://www.israelemb.org/US-Israel-Relations/landl.html. Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  37. ^ Parfitt, T. V. "The Use of Hebrew in Palestine 1800–1822." Journal of Semitic Studies , 1972.
  38. ^ a b "Jewish Languages". Beth Hatefutsoth, The Nahum Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora. http://www.bh.org.il/links/jewishlangs.asp. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  39. ^ a b c d e Hammer, Mf; Redd, Aj; Wood, Et; Bonner, Mr; Jarjanazi, H; Karafet, T; Santachiara-Benerecetti, S; Oppenheim, A; Jobling, Ma; Jenkins, T; Ostrer, H; Bonne-Tamir, B (Jun 2000). "Jewish and Middle Eastern non-Jewish populations share a common pool of Y-chromosome biallelic haplotypes." (Free full text). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97 (12): 6769–74. doi:10.1073/pnas.100115997. ISSN 0027-8424. PMID 10801975. PMC 18733. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=10801975. 
  40. ^ a b "Y Chromosome Bears Witness to Story of the Jewish Diaspora". New York Times. May 9 2000. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D02E0D71338F93AA35756C0A9669C8B63. 
  41. ^ Diana Muir Appelbaum and Paul S. Appelbaum (February 11, 2008). "Genetics and the Jewish identity". The Jerusalem Post. http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?apage=1&cid=1202742130771&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull. 
  42. ^ a b c d Skorecki, K; Selig, S; Blazer, S; Bradman, R; Bradman, N; Waburton, Pj; Ismajlowicz, M; Hammer, Mf (Jan 1997). "Y chromosomes of Jewish priests.". Nature 385 (6611): 32. doi:10.1038/385032a0. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 8985243. 
  43. ^ a b c "Priestly Gene Shared By Widely Dispersed Jews". American Society for Technion, Israel Institute of Technology. July 14 1998. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/07/980714071409.htm. 
  44. ^ Nebel, A; Filon, D; Brinkmann, B; Majumder, Pp; Faerman, M; Oppenheim, A (Nov 2001). "The Y chromosome pool of Jews as part of the genetic landscape of the Middle East.". American journal of human genetics 69 (5): 1095–112. doi:10.1086/324070. ISSN 0002-9297. PMID 11573163. 
  45. ^ Appelbaum, Diana Muir; Paul S. Appelbaum (12 February 2008). "Genetics and the Jewish identity". Jerusalem Post. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/jpost/access/1428186701.html?dids=1428186701:1428186701&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT. Retrieved 25 September 2009. 
  46. ^ Nebel, Almut; Filon, Dvora; Weiss, Deborah A.; Weale, Michael; Faerman, Marina; Oppenheim, Ariella; Thomas, Mark G. (2000). "High-resolution Y chromosome haplotypes of Israeli and Palestinian Arabs reveal geographic substructure and substantial overlap with haplotypes of Jews". Human Genetics 107: 630. doi:10.1007/s004390000426. 
  47. ^ a b c Richards, M; Rengo, C; Cruciani, F; Gratrix, F; Wilson, Jf; Scozzari, R; Macaulay, V; Torroni, A (Apr 2003). "Extensive female-mediated gene flow from sub-Saharan Africa into near eastern Arab populations.". American journal of human genetics 72 (4): 1058–64. doi:10.1086/374384. ISSN 0002-9297. PMID 12629598. 
  48. ^ Ariella Oppenheim and Michael Hammer. Jewish Genetics: Abstracts and Summaries. Khazaria InfoCenter. http://www.khazaria.com/genetics/abstracts.html. 
  49. ^ a b Wade, Nicholas (January 14 2006). "New Light on Origins of Ashkenazi in Europe". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/14/science/14gene.html?_r=1&oref=slogin. Retrieved 2006-05-24. 
  50. ^ Behar, Dm; Metspalu, E; Kivisild, T; Achilli, A; Hadid, Y; Tzur, S; Pereira, L; Amorim, A; Quintana-Murci, L; Majamaa, K; Herrnstadt, C; Howell, N; Balanovsky, O; Kutuev, I; Pshenichnov, A; Gurwitz, D; Bonne-Tamir, B; Torroni, A; Villems, R; Skorecki, K (Mar 2006). "The matrilineal ancestry of Ashkenazi Jewry: portrait of a recent founder event.". American journal of human genetics 78 (3): 487–97. doi:10.1086/500307. ISSN 0002-9297. PMID 16404693. 
  51. ^ a b Behar, Dm; Metspalu, E; Kivisild, T; Rosset, S; Tzur, S; Hadid, Y; Yudkovsky, G; Rosengarten, D; Pereira, L; Amorim, A; Kutuev, I; Gurwitz, D; Bonne-Tamir, B; Villems, R; Skorecki, K (Apr 2008). "Counting the founders: the matrilineal genetic ancestry of the Jewish Diaspora" (Free full text). PloS one 3 (4): e2062. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002062. PMID 18446216. PMC 2323359. http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002062. 
  52. ^ on October 28, 2009
  53. ^ Telahoun, Tesfu (2008-03-11). "Israel at 60". Capital Ethiopia. http://www.capitalethiopia.com/archive/2008/march/week2/feature.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  54. ^ Naggar, David (2006-11-07). "The Case for a Larger Israel". israelinsider.com. http://web.israelinsider.com/Views/9811.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  55. ^ "Israel". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2007-06-19. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/is.html. Retrieved 2007-07-20. 
  56. ^ "The Electoral System in Israel". The Knesset. http://www.knesset.gov.il/description/eng/eng_mimshal_beh.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-08. 
  57. ^ "Country's Report Israel". Freedom House. http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=22&year=2006&country=6985. 
  58. ^ "Population, by Religion and Population Group". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2006. http://www1.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st02_01&CYear=2006. Retrieved 2007-08-07. 
  59. ^ Dekmejian 1975, p. 247. "And most [Oriental-Sephardic Jews] came... because of Arab persecution resulting from the very attempt to establish a Jewish state in Palestine."
  60. ^ "airlifted tens of thousands of Ethiopian Jews". http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/ejhist.html#operation1/. Retrieved July 7, 2005. 
  61. ^ History of Dissident Movement in the USSR by Ludmila Alekseyeva. Vilnius, 1992 (Russian)
  62. ^ Goldstein (1995) p. 24
  63. ^ a b Dosick (2007), p. 340.
  64. ^ Gartner (2001), p. 213.
  65. ^ Gurock, Jeffrey S. (1998). East European Jews in America, 1880-1920: Immigration and Adaptation. New York: Routledge. p. 54. ISBN 0-415-91924-X. 
  66. ^ Gartner (2001), pp. 410–410.
  67. ^ Waxman, Chaim I. (2007). "Annual Assessment 2007" (PDF). Jewish People Policy Planning Institute (Jewish Agency for Israel). pp. 40–42. http://www.jpppi.org.il/JPPPI/SendFile.asp?DBID=1&LNGID=1&GID=489. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  68. ^ "The Ingathering of the Exiles". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/History/Modern%20History/Israel%20at%2050/The%20Ingathering%20of%20the%20Exiles. 
  69. ^ Littman (1979), p. 5.
  70. ^ a b Johnson (1987), p. 171.
  71. ^ Edinger, Bernard (December 2005). "Chinese Jews: Reverence for Ancestors". Hadassah Magazine. Hadassah. http://www.hadassah.org/news/content/per_hadassah/archive/2005/05_DEC/feature_kaifeng.asp. Retrieved January 9, 2009. 
  72. ^ Elazar (2003), p. 434.
  73. ^ "NJPS: Intermarriage: Defining and Calculating Intermarriage". http://www.ujc.org/content_display.html?ArticleID=83910. Retrieved July 7, 2005. 
  74. ^ Cohen, Erik H.. "Les Juifs de France: La Lente Progression des Mariages Mixtes" (in French). http://www.akadem.org/photos/contextuels/1027_357_Rapport_Erik_Cohen.pdf. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  75. ^ "World Jewish Congress Online". http://www.worldjewishcongress.org/communities/world/asia-oceania/australia.cfm. Retrieved July 7, 2005. 
  76. ^ "The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Mexico". http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/vjw/Mexico.html. Retrieved July 7, 2005. 
  77. ^ Waxman, Chaim I. (2007). "Annual Assessment 2007" (PDF). Jewish People Policy Planning Institute (Jewish Agency for Israel). pp. 61. http://www.jpppi.org.il/JPPPI/SendFile.asp?DBID=1&LNGID=1&GID=489. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  78. ^ Goldenberg (2007), pp. 131, 135–136.
  79. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 164–165.
  80. ^ Carroll, James. Constantine's Sword (Houghton Mifflin, 2001) ISBN 0-395-77927-8 p.26
  81. ^ a b Johnson (1987), pp. 207–208.
  82. ^ a b Johnson (1987), pp. 213, 229–231.
  83. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 243–244.
  84. ^ "A Catholic Timeline of Events Relating to Jews, Anti-Judaism, Antisemitism, and the Holocaust, From the 3rd century to the Beginning of the Third Millennium"
  85. ^ a b Lewis (1984), pp. 10, 20
  86. ^ Lewis (1987), p. 9, 27
  87. ^ a b Lewis (1999), p.131
  88. ^ Lewis (1999), p.131; (1984), pp.8,62
  89. ^ Lewis (1984), p. 52; Stillman (1979), p.77
  90. ^ Lewis (1984), pp. 17–18, 94–95; Stillman (1979), p. 27
  91. ^ Lewis (1984), p. 28.
  92. ^ Muslim Anti-Semitism by Bernard Lewis (Middle East Quarterly) June 1998
  93. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 226–229.
  94. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 259–260.
  95. ^ a b Johnson (1987), pp. 364–365.
  96. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 512.
  97. ^ Study: 20 Percent of Spanish, Portuguese Have Jewish Ancestry. FoxNews.com. December 8, 2008.
  98. ^ DNA study shows 20 percent of Iberian population has Jewish ancestry. The New York Times. December 4, 2008.
  99. ^ Donald L Niewyk, The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust, Columbia University Press, 2000, p.45: "The Holocaust is commonly defined as the murder of more than 5,000,000 Jews by the Germans in World War II." However, the Holocaust usually includes all of the different victims who were systematically murdered.
  100. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 484–488.
  101. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 490–492.
  102. ^ Ukrainian mass Jewish grave found
  103. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 493–498.
  104. ^ Berenbaum, Michael. The World Must Know," United States Holocaust Museum, 2006, p. 103.
  105. ^ Melvin, Sheila; Jindong Cai (2004). Rhapsody in Red. New York: Algora Publishing. pp. 103–104. ISBN 0-87586-179-2. 
  106. ^ de Lange (2002), pp. 41–43.
  107. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 10.
  108. ^ Hirsch, Emil G.; Seligsohn, M.; Bacher, Wilhelm. "Nimrod". Jewish Encyclopedia. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=295&letter=N. 
  109. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 30.
  110. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 70–71.
  111. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 78–79.
  112. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 85–86.
  113. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 147.
  114. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 163.
  115. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 177.
  116. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 231.
  117. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 460.
  118. ^ a b Gartner (2001), p. 431.
  119. ^ Gartner (2001), pp. 11–12.
  120. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 229–231.
  121. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 306.
  122. ^ Johnson (1987), p. 370.
  123. ^ Gartner (2001), pp. 213–215.
  124. ^ Gartner (2001), pp. 357–370.
  125. ^ Johnson (1987), pp. 529–530.
  126. ^ Netzer, Amnon (2007). "Iran". in Fred Skolnik. Encyclopaedia Judaica. 10 (2d ed. ed.). Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. pp. 13. ISBN 0-02-865928-2. 
  127. ^ Gartner (2001), pp. 400–401.
  128. ^ Kaplan (2003), p. 301.
  129. ^ Danzger (2003), pp. 495–496.
  130. ^ de Lange (2002), p. 220.
  131. ^ Eisenstadt, S.N. (2004). Explorations in Jewish Historical Experience: The Civilizational Dimension. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. p. 75. ISBN 90-04-13693-2. 
  132. ^ Lewis, Hal M. (2006). From Sanctuary to Boardroom: A Jewish Approach to Leadership. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 1. ISBN 0-7425-5229-2. 
  133. ^ Schwartz, Richard H. (2001). Judaism and Global Survival. New York: Lantern Books. p. 153. ISBN 1-930051-87-5. 
  134. ^ a b Brooks, David (January 12, 2010). "The Tel Aviv Cluster". The New York Times. p. A23. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/12/opinion/12brooks.html. Retrieved January 13, 2010. " Jews are a famously accomplished group. They make up 0.2 percent of the world population, but 54 percent of the world chess champions, 27 percent of the Nobel physics laureates and 31 percent of the medicine laureates. Jews make up 2 percent of the U.S. population, but 21 percent of the Ivy League student bodies, 26 percent of the Kennedy Center honorees, 37 percent of the Academy Award-winning directors, 38 percent of those on a recent Business Week list of leading philanthropists, 51 percent of the Pulitzer Prize winners for nonfiction." 
  135. ^ Dobbs, Stephen Mark (October 12, 2001). "As the Nobel Prize marks centennial, Jews constitute 1/5 of laureates". j.. http://www.jewishsf.com/content/2-0-/module/displaystory/story_id/17015/edition_id/335/format/html/displaystory.html. Retrieved January 23, 2009. "Throughout the 20th century, Jews, more so than any other minority, ethnic or cultural group, have been recipients of the Nobel Prize -- perhaps the most distinguished award for human endeavor in the six fields for which it is given. Remarkably, Jews constitute almost one-fifth of all Nobel laureates. This, in a world in which Jews number just a fraction of 1 percent of the population." 

References

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  • Carr, David R. (2003) [2000].^ While the Spanish period of Jewish history was thus brilliant from the point of view of public service, it was equally notable on the literary side.

    ^ As modern Jewish defenders point out, there are indeed other Jewish religious citations that can be produced that infer different attitudes towards non-Jews.
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A Jewish writer from Berlin, Jakob Wasserman, in visiting Vienna in 1898, remarked that "I soon realized that the whole of public life was dominated by Jews...
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    "Judaism in Christendom". in Neusner, Jacob; Avery-Peck, Alan J.. The Blackwell Companion to Judaism. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1-57718-058-5. 
  • Cowling, Geoffrey (2005). Introduction to World Religions. Singapore: First Fortress Press. ISBN 0-8006-3714-3. 
  • Danzger, M. Herbert (2003) [2000]. "The "Return" to Traditional Judaism at the End of the Twentieth Century: Cross-Cultural Comparisons". in Neusner, Jacob; Avery-Peck, Alan J.. The Blackwell Companion to Judaism. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1-57718-058-5. 
  • Dekmejian, R. Hrair (1975). Patterns of Political Leadership: Egypt, Israel, Lebanon. .State University of New York Press.^ New York, Columbia University Press, 1978 and "The Jews and the Poles in World War II".
    • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Witness the despicable co-opting of New York's and DC's tragedy for monetary gain in red states.
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ New York, Hippocrene Books, 1981; "The Polish Underground State - a Guide to the Underground, 1939-1945".
    • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 087395291X.
     
  • de Lange, Nicholas (2002) [2000]. An Introduction to Judaism. .Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.^ Cambridge, England: The University Press, 1973 Welcome corrections to my original attempt supplied by Michael Blanc.
    • The Jew of Malta, by Christopher Marlowe 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www2.prestel.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-521-46073-5.
     
  • Dosick, Wayne (2007). Living Judaism. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-062179-6. 
  • Elazar, Daniel J. (2003) [2000]. "Judaism as a Theopolitical Phenomenon". in Neusner, Jacob; Avery-Peck, Alan J.. The Blackwell Companion to Judaism. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1-57718-058-5. 
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  • Gartner, Lloyd P. (2001). .History of the Jews in Modern Times.^ Similar developments occurred in other countries, though it becomes impossible to treat the history of the Jews, from this time onwards, in general outline.

    Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-289259-2.
     
  • Goldenberg, Robert (2007). The Origins of Judaism: From Canaan to the Rise of Islam. .Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.^ Cambridge, England: The University Press, 1973 Welcome corrections to my original attempt supplied by Michael Blanc.
    • The Jew of Malta, by Christopher Marlowe 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www2.prestel.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-521-84453-3.
     
  • Goldstein, Joseph (1995). .Jewish History in Modern Times.^ Modern times have made Christians more aware of the close fraternal bonds that unite them to the Jewish people.
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  • Lewis, Bernard (1984). The Jews of Islam. .Princeton: Princeton University Press.^ These facts were recently iterated in Peter Schafer's book Jesus in the Talmud , which was published by Princeton University Press.

    ^ Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1996 Mosse, George L. German Jews Beyond Judaism.
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    ^ [E. Horowitz, Reckless Rites: Purim and the Legacy of Jewish Violence (Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World) , Princeton University Press, (2006), pp.

    ISBN 0-691-00807-8
  • Lewis, Bernard (1999). .Semites and Anti-Semites: An Inquiry into Conflict and Prejudice.^ Inaccessibility to reason is also one of the most typical characteristics of the anti-Semite, who is unable to re-evaluate his opinions and prejudices in the light of factual evidence that refutes them.
    • Stalin’s Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC majorityrights.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ They are using issue of anti-semitism, create an ethnic conflict and try to benefit from it for their own purposes.
    • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 0-393-31839-7
  • Littman, David (1979). "Jews Under Muslim Rule: The Case Of Persia". The Wiener Library Bulletin XXXII (New series 49/50). 
  • Neusner, Jacob (1991). Studying Classical Judaism: A Primer. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 0664251366. 
  • Poliakov, Leon (1974). .The History of Anti-semitism. New York: The Vanguard Press.
  • Sharot, Stephen (1997).^ New York, Columbia University Press, 1978 and "The Jews and the Poles in World War II".
    • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ '[H. Sperling and M. Simon, The Zohar , Volume 1, The Soncino Press, New York, (1933), p.

    ^ According to the ADL's press release it is discredited thinking that is often associated with anti-semitism.
    • On CNBC's The Big Idea , Coulter said that "we" Christians "just want Jews to be perfected" | Media Matters for America 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Religious Syncretism and Religious Distinctiveness: A Comparative Analysis of Pre-Modern Jewish Communities". in Endelman, Todd M..^ Silbiger compares the very different Christian and Jewish religious traditions about money.
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The demise of serfdom in later years eroded Jewry's aristocracy-serving pre-eminence; Jewish communities became more and more politically agitated.
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As modern Jewish defenders point out, there are indeed other Jewish religious citations that can be produced that infer different attitudes towards non-Jews.
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Comparing Jewish Societies. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-06592-0. 
  • Stillman, Norman (1979). .The Jews of Arab Lands: A History and Source Book.^ Samuel V. Kurinsky, an American archaeologist with extensive knowledge of Jewish history, alleged that Jews from Khazaria settled in Ukraine, Belarus, and Poland in his 1991 book The Glassmakers .
    • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Rourke, the History of the Jews in England; two books you can find in your library.

    ^ The biblical history for the Persian period is contained in a new source - the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, whose standpoint and period are that of Chronicles, with which they are closely joined.

    .Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America.^ Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 199962.  Heschel, A., Man Is Not Alone .
    • Jewish Theology 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.lightplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1999123.  For example, Joseph considered a liaison with Potiphar’s wife to be a sin against his master as well as God.
    • Jewish Theology 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.lightplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1990, p.
    • Jewish Theology 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.lightplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-8276-0198-0
  • Sweeney, Marvin A. (2003) [2000]. "The Religious World of Ancient Israel to 586 BCE". in Neusner, Jacob; Avery-Peck, Alan J.. The Blackwell Companion to Judaism. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1-57718-058-5. 

External links

General

Secular organizations

Religious organizations

Zionist organizations


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Quotes about Jews

Contents

Sourced

Listed alphabetically by author.
.
  • I will insist that the Hebrews have done more to civilize men than any other nation.^ Huckabee, an ordained Baptist minister, has talked more openly about the connection between his faith and his politics than any other current candidate.

    ^ Indeed, a sort of civil war held everything in its grip; rather, it was more bitter than ally civil war.
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is, however, obvious that the influence due to immigrants could be, and doubtless was, exerted at more than one period (see §§ 18, 20; also Hebrew Religion ; Priest ).

    .If I were an atheist, and believed in blind eternal fate, I should still believe that fate had ordained the Jews to be the most essential instrument for civilizing the nations.^ I believe most Israelis and Jews have been hoodwinked as I was."

    ^ The American Jews bore their share in the Civil War (7038 Jews were in the two armies), and have always identified themselves closely with national movements such as the emancipation of Cuba .

    ^ It is generally believed that only a minority of Khazars were Jews, not the entire nation.
    • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

    .If I were an atheist of the other sect, who believe, or pretend to believe that all is ordered by chance, I should believe that chance had ordered the Jews to preserve and propagate to all mankind the doctrine of a supreme, intelligent, wise, almighty sovereign of the universe, which I believe to be the great essential principle of all morality, and consequently of all civilization.^ To wit: Jews believe (Talmud) that we should be responsible for each other.

    ^ As a Christian, who believes that Jesus is in fact, that Messiah, I also believe that if Jews today were to accept Jesus, then they would realize that which they are hoping for, and would be complete.
    • On CNBC's The Big Idea , Coulter said that "we" Christians "just want Jews to be perfected" | Media Matters for America 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Jews view Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and all other religions as forbidden religions ( Zechariah 14:9)."

    .
    • John Adams, in a letter to F. A. Vanderkemp (16 February 1809), as quoted in The Roots of American Order (1974) by Russel Kirk.
    • Paraphrased variant: The Hebrews have done more to civilize men than any other nation.^ Huckabee, an ordained Baptist minister, has talked more openly about the connection between his faith and his politics than any other current candidate.

      ^ Indeed, a sort of civil war held everything in its grip; rather, it was more bitter than ally civil war.
      • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

      ^ It is, however, obvious that the influence due to immigrants could be, and doubtless was, exerted at more than one period (see §§ 18, 20; also Hebrew Religion ; Priest ).

      .If I were an atheist, and believed blind eternal fate, I should still believe that fate had ordained the Jews to be the most essential instrument for civilizing the nations.
  • The Jews started it all—and by ‘it’ I mean so many of the things we care about, the underlying values that make all of us, Jew and Gentile, believer and aethiest, tick.^ So yes, we should all of us most assuredly be afraid.
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They don't care about any of us.
    • » A Disturbing Trend From the White House Toward the Jewish People - Big Government 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Jews make up 1.7% of the US population.

    .Without the Jews, we would see the world through different eyes, hear with different ears, even feel with different feelings … we would think with a different mind, interpret all our experience differently, draw different conclusions from the things that befall us.^ Not all of our friends are Jews and not all Jews are our friends.

    ^ But to this day HaShem has not given you a mind that understands or eyes that see or ears that hear.
    • Who is Israel (And what are the implications for Gentiles?) 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.betemunah.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is odd that we Jews would seek to invent enemies when reality already supplies us with such an abundance of them.

    .And we would set a different course for our lives.^ He did not order the sacrifice of sheep and calves; he ordered us to worship God through the virtue of our lives; as our reward for this, he set the prize of a life that cannot end.
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Of course another Israeli firster Nancy Pelosi is set to replace Harman and she has already stated she would block attempts to impeach Bush.

    ^ If he looked different from the actual Jews living in Antioch it was part of the malice of the Jew, one of the snares of the devil, set to catch the unwary Christian.
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Thomas Cahill, in The Gifts Of The Jews (1999)
  • The dispersion of the Jews was both a boon and a bane; their nation was disjoined, but their culture was enormously enhanced.^ What gives this solidarity a special economic significance is the dispersal of Jews across national boundaries."
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ After 70 A.D., when Jerusalem was destroyed by Titus, the Diaspora (dispersion of the Jews to the nations) began in earnest.

    ^ "Dispersed as the Jews are, they still form one nation, foreign to the land they live in.
    • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Whereas a unique omneitic outlook set the Jews apart from other peoples, a common language, literacy and learning bound the disparate Jewish communities together and provided a firm foundation for further creativity.^ So we learn something of the Palestinian Jews and more of the Jewish community in Alexandria.

    ^ On the other hand, he may have intended to catalogue the Jewish communities en route to the Land of Israel to provide a guide where hospitality could be found for Jews travelling to the Holy Land, or for those fleeing oppression elsewhere.
    • Indecent Proposal | The New Republic 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.tnr.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ PS: Petrus also invented Jehovah (Further, there is neither a "J" of "V" in Hebrew, which we know was that set-apart language that is indicated in both the Old and New Covenants (To my knowledge, this is written in all versions of the bible)!
    • » A Disturbing Trend From the White House Toward the Jewish People - Big Government 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC biggovernment.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The exercise of this multifaceted creative propensity rebounded to benefit not only the societies that harbored the Jews, but all humankind.^ "The Jews [in France]," says Michael Marrus, "had, in less than a century, worked their way into all layers of French society.
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ What AC said was meant to be a loving and kind act to benefit all people, Jews and non-Jews alike.
    • On CNBC's The Big Idea , Coulter said that "we" Christians "just want Jews to be perfected" | Media Matters for America 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Only the Jews protested: they had a notion of the deity which Caligula at all events did not fulfil.

    .
    • Samuel Karlinsky, in The Eight Day - The Hidden History of the Jewish Contribution to Civilzation (1994)
  • After all, Jews invented psychiatry to help other Jews become gentiles.^ In Sweden the Jews have all the rights which are open to non- Lutherans ; they cannot become members of the council of state.

    ^ Jews view Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and all other religions as forbidden religions ( Zechariah 14:9)."

    ^ Thanks be to the all mighty eternal for people like Michelle Citron and her crazy Jewish music videos: Posted by Liberal Jew at 6:12 AM 2 comments Labels: Humor and Other Funny Things , Music , Passover , The Jewish People .

    .
    • Morton Feldman, in Give My Regards to Eighth Street: Collected Writings of Morton Feldman (2000)
  • "Fucking Jews...^ And again, there was another text, where the Jews were saying: 'Will the Lord receive it in place of holocausts if I give my first-born for my wickedness, the fruit of my body for the sin of my souls?'
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I wouldn’t give up my night job of writing a blog.

    ^ The collection of Writings, on the other hand, was not as well defined either in Palestine or in the Jewish diaspora, with regard to the number of books and their textual form.
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    .Jews are responsible for all wars in the world."^ Jews responsible for all catastrophes on earth: .
    • �Kill A Jew �Go To Heaven� 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.pmw.org.il [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The depiction of Jews as controlling world decisions and responsible for world conflicts is not limited to the PA, but is rampant today in the Arab world.
    • �Kill A Jew �Go To Heaven� 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.pmw.org.il [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There have been some evil Jews in the world, and some of them took over the Ottoman Empire, and committed murder and theft and blamed it all on their Turkish masters.
    • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • The immemorial ingratitude of rulers and commonwealths is proverbial.^ Stalin's alleged fanatical anti-Semitism had further curious twists.
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For years that has been the cover for blatant anti-semitism among the theocrats.
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "I grew up in a predominately Irish Catholic neighborhood and parish, and I rarely, if ever, heard anti-Semitic comments."
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Especially common is ingratitude to Israel - the People that has achieved so much of eternal worth, but has rarely succeeded in winning gratitude.^ Indeed, the common libel that Israel wants to destroy and swallow up much of the Middle East is presented as actual education.
    • �Kill A Jew �Go To Heaven� 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.pmw.org.il [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The unfriendliness of the " brother " people, which added so much to the bitterness of Judah, although associated with the events of 586 (so especially 1 Esdras iv.

    ^ The reign of God over his people Israel appears in the Pentateuch, 269 especially in the Book of Judges (Jg 8:22-23) and in the First Book of Samuel (1 S 8:7; 12:12).
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Joseph H. Hertz, The Pentateuch and Haftorahs (One-volume edition), p.206.
  • [T]he evidence from anthropology concurs with history in refuting the popular belief in a Jewish race descended from the biblical tribe.^ There is also a 1-volume edition containing 113 of the most popular tales but without commentary.

    ^ EURO-JEWISH Mailing List For anyone with a genealogical interest in the Migration, History, Culture, Heritage and Surname search of the Jewish people from Europe to the United States and their descendants in the United States.
    • Cyndi's List - Jewish 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.cyndislist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This is merely part one, detailing and documenting the racist and genocidal Jewish belief that non-Jews are not human and must be exterminated.

    .From the anthropologist's point of view, two groups of facts militate against this belief: the wide diversity of Jews with regard to physical characteristics, and their similarity to the Gentile population amidst whom they live.^ What if he did this to make the riches of his glory known to the objects of his mercy, whom he prepared in advance for glory-- Even us, whom he also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles?
    • Who is Israel (And what are the implications for Gentiles?) 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.betemunah.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They may have become the ancestors of certain Jewish groups who are living at the present time."
    • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Two immediate issues regarding learning, whom is the teacher and whom is learner, of the Jewish people with individuals or groups that are not Jewish.

    .Both are reflected in the statistics about bodily height, cranial index, blood-groups, hair and eye colour, etc.^ I actually spoke with both Warner Music Group and Noz to try to find out more about this.
    • Warner Music Group stories at Techdirt. 6 February 2010 13:58 UTC www.techdirt.com [Source type: General]

    .Whichever of these anthropological criteria is taken as an indicator, it shows a greater similarity between Jews and their Gentile host-nation than between Jews living in different countries.^ It shows the clear difference between two types of Jews.

    ^ We owe a debt to these men who sacrificed their lives to save this country, so let’s see what we can do.

    ^ The crucifixion of Christ is understood as an event that has destroyed the wall of separation erected by the Law between Jews and Gentiles, and so has demolished the hatred between them (2;14).
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    (...).The obvious biological explanation for both phenomena is miscegenation, which took different forms in different historical situations: intermarriage, large-scale proselytizing, rape as a constant .(legalized or tolerated) accompaniment of war and pogrom
  • "In all of nature, a male belongs to a female that he fancies and who fancies him.^ Tradition depicts him as a worthy successor to his father, and represents a state of luxury and riches impressive to all who were familiar with the great Oriental courts.

    ^ For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile--the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him, For, "Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved."
    • Who is Israel (And what are the implications for Gentiles?) 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.betemunah.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In Chapter 3 of Ocherki vremen i sobytii: iz istorii rossiiskikh evreev, do vtoroi poloviny vosemnadtsatogo veka by Feliks S. Kandel' (Assotsiatsiya "Tarbut", 1988) is the following observation: "In 1976 in New York appeared the sensationalist book 'The Thirteenth Tribe' by English writer Arthur Koestler.
    • Are Russian Jews Descended from theKhazars? Analyzing the Khazar Theory 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.khazaria.com [Source type: Original source]

    .And so among the animals there are no idiots.^ Goyim are unclean animals, so there would be no gain in burning up these valuable vitals.

    ^ Distributor (1942) (USA) (theatrical) There Ain't No Such Animal (1942) ...
    • Warner Bros. Pictures [us] 15 January 2010 12:13 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: News]
    • Warner Bros. Pictures [us] 26 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Production Company (as The Vitaphone Corporation) There Ain't No Such Animal (1942) ...
    • Warner Bros. Pictures [us] 15 January 2010 12:13 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: News]
    • Warner Bros. Pictures [us] 26 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: News]

    But with us!... .I'm a Jew, so I musn't love a Christian woman...^ On the Christian side, Jews were accused of disobedience to God's word (5:38), resisting his love (5:42) and pursuing vainglory (5:44).
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    ^ English: "One will not find the requirement to love one's neighbour in these speeches, nor will such speeches have been able to fill the Jews with any sympathy for Christianity".
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I would like to see more Christians offer Jews unconditional love and support instead of only being interested in them to convert them.

    He's a merchant, so he's got no right to a countess... .And you who've got no money, you've no rights to any woman at all..."^ You have no right to moan if you use music which you do not own the copyright to in your videos.
    • Warner Music Group Pulls Videos From YouTube As Talks Break Down : Rolling Stone : Rock and Roll Daily 6 February 2010 13:58 UTC www.rollingstone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In this way you would find out that those among you who are today called patriarchs are not priests at all.
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So then, if you are in your right mind, you will be distressed over him who is in distress and you will, in this matter, follow the example of that blessed soul who said: 'Who is weak, and I am not weak?
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Having a ham sandwich on the afternoon of Yom Kippur doesn’t make you less Jewish.^ It doesn't make it any less condescending or bigoted.
    • On CNBC's The Big Idea , Coulter said that "we" Christians "just want Jews to be perfected" | Media Matters for America 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But the less comfortable you are after hearing me, the more chance you will exert whatever influence you can to save this country from a fate it doesn’t deserve.

    ^ The fact that you must be making less than $27,560 for four people to get help from your government to feed ones family is in direct opposition to Jewish tradition.

    .
    • Rabbi Yitzchak Schochet, [1]
  • What is the Jew?...What kind of unique creature is this whom all the rulers of all the nations of the world have disgraced and crushed and expelled and destroyed; persecuted, burned and drowned, and who, despite their anger and their fury, continues to live and to flourish.^ For, so I live, perish may all the world!
    • The Jew of Malta, by Christopher Marlowe 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www2.prestel.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But the world of sinners, by all accounts, extends beyond Jews who are hostile to Jesus.
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Turkey thus provided major assistance to Jews being persecuted by the Nazis, despite pressure from the British, who wanted to stop Jewish immigration to Palestine, and by the Nazis, who demanded not only that this rescue work be stopped, but also that all Turkish Jews, as well as the refugees, be sent to Germany for extermination.
    • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .What is this Jew whom they have never succeeded in enticing with all the enticements in the world, whose oppressors and persecutors only suggested that he deny (and disown) his religion and cast aside the faithfulness of his ancestors?!^ The Jews claim that they are "only" a religion.
    • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They are dispersed all over the world so that, by expiating [?

    ^ They’ve never been persecuted for their religion.


    "The Jew — is the symbol of eternity. ... .He is the one who for so long had guarded the prophetic message and transmitted it to all mankind.^ Let no one say: 'We should have done all we could to put them on their guard before the fast.
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He was not one who interpreted scripture to fit his own desires, but who lived the Gospel message.
    • On CNBC's The Big Idea , Coulter said that "we" Christians "just want Jews to be perfected" | Media Matters for America 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Then one of them, named Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, spoke up, "You know nothing at all!
    • Who is Israel (And what are the implications for Gentiles?) 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.betemunah.org [Source type: Original source]

    .A people such as this can never disappear.^ That is not, of course, necessarily to say that by virtue of their exalted positions such people are mere automatons, or that they are never responsible for choices they make.

    The Jew is eternal. He is the embodiment of eternity.
  • May the Children of the Stock of Abraham, who dwell in this land, continue to merit and enjoy the good will of the other Inhabitants; while every one shall sit under his own vine and fig tree, and there shall be none to make him afraid. .
    • George Washington, Letter to the Hebrew congregation of Newport, Rhode Island (1790)
  • [in response to being called a "self-loathing Jew"] Well I do hate myself, but it has nothing to do with being Jewish.^ In September 1942 there came into being the Temporary Council for Help to Jews called by the fictitious name of Konrad Zegota, invented by Zofia Kossak.
    • Saving Jews: Polish Righteous 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.savingjews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia noted that "these [people] pride themselves on being descended directly, and with no admixture of foreign blood, from the old Portuguese Jews."
    • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Speaking of Christ's Passion, the Letter to the Hebrews makes no mention of the responsibility of the Jewish authorities, but simply says that Jesus endured strong opposition on the part of sinners.
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

Disputed

.
  • The day will come when all nations amidst which the Jews are dwelling will have to raise the question of their wholesale expulsion, a question which will be one of life or death, good health or chronic disease, peaceful existence or perpetual social fever.^ FRANZ LISZT, famed composer quoted in Col. E. N. Sanctuary's Are These Things So?, page 278 "The day will come when all nations amidst which the Jews are dwelling will have to raise the question of their wholesale expulsion, a question which will be one of life or death, good health or chronic disease, peaceful existence or perpetual social fever."
    • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Have a good day all!
    • Warner Bros. Acquires The Pirate Bay | TorrentFreak 15 January 2010 12:13 UTC torrentfreak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In these times, it sometimes feels as if to even raise the question of the Haggadah's prophecy of an endless assault on the Jews is to run the risk of being politically incorrect.

    • Franz Liszt, as quoted in the second edition of The Gypsy in Music. .Some dispute as to the authenticity of this quote exists, as this work was edited posthumously by his Catholic mistress and patron, Carolyn Sayn-Wittgenstein, whose anti-semitism was well-known.^ Some of those leaders have rewarded the Turkish government's promotion of anti-Semitism by agreeing to promote Turkey's campaign of genocide denial.
      • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ So somebody told me the lawyer who introduced me, who was the son of the Dean of the Methodist Bishop, he said: “Well, I think he’s a little anti- Semitic.

      ^ So, it's OK when Armenian So, it's OK when Armenian Jews have Armenian last names but when some Jews have Turkish last names in Turkey, it is anti-semitism?
      • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Liszt was known to have donated to Jewish charitable organisations in various countries and to support the works by such prominent Jewish artists as Giacomo Meyerbeer, Felix Mendelssohn, Heinrich Heine and Charles Alkan — often in the face of anti-semitic criticism.^ PIUS VII. Known generally as an 'anti-Semite' by Jewish writers.
      • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Regardless of all these feelings, I do not like or admire Israel's policies in recent years at all and I do not consider it anti-semitic or anti-Jewish to say that.
      • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ In the Jewish mind, all criticism must be suppressed because not to do so would be to risk another Holocaust: There is no such thing as overreaction to an anti-Semitic incident, no such thing as exaggerating the omnipresent danger.
      • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .Regarding Liszt as an anti-semite has been a popular misbelief for a long time — probably springing from his association with well-known anti-semites such as Richard Wagner, Hans von Bülow and Carolyn Sayn-Wittgenstein.^ So somebody told me the lawyer who introduced me, who was the son of the Dean of the Methodist Bishop, he said: “Well, I think he’s a little anti- Semitic.

      ^ My understanding is that it wasn't exactly officially anti-Semitic and probably was supported by some conservative Jews, but that, in effect, it was a shift that was hard on Jews probably drew on anti-Semitic undercurrents.
      • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ A survey in Russia in 1992 showed that one of the strongest variables associated with anti-Semitism was 'having no acquaintances or friends who are Jewish.'
      • "The Torah lights, the Torah shines, but only money warms 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.jewishtribalreview.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      For further information read Liszt: v. 3. The final years, 1861-1886 (1996) by Alan Walker|.

Misattributed

.
  • They (the Jews) work more effectively against us, than the enemy's armies.^ But they had no more to do with them than.

    ^ "They (the Jews) work more effectively against us, than the enemy's armies.
    • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is odd that we Jews would seek to invent enemies when reality already supplies us with such an abundance of them.

    .They are a hundred times more dangerous to our liberties and the great cause we are engaged in...^ They are a hundred times more dangerous to our liberties and the great cause we are engaged in...
    • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ 'Cause they're working for the clampdown They put up a poster saying we earn more than you!
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But all the events of the Council make it clear that they showed great wisdom and courage at that time.
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .It is much to be lamented that each state, long ago, has not hunted them down as pest to society and the greatest enemies we have to the happiness of America.^ It is much to be lamented that each state, long ago, has not hunted them down as pest to society and the greatest enemies we have to the happiness of America."
    • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The "mix" of nationalism, social reform and Biblical literalism has also empowered groups in America who hunt down and murder homosexual men and women.
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ May HaShem grant you a quick recovery and long life with many blessings and much happiness for you and your family.

    .
    • Sometimes rendered : The Jews work more effectively against us than the enemy's armies.^ "They (the Jews) work more effectively against us, than the enemy's armies.
      • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ 'Cause they're working for the clampdown They put up a poster saying we earn more than you!
      • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Auschwitz, but probably overall, more Jews were killed by so-called ‘natural’ causes [starvation, disease, sickness and overwork] than by ‘unnatural’ ones.

      .They are a hundred times more dangerous to our liberties and the great cause we are engaged in...^ They are a hundred times more dangerous to our liberties and the great cause we are engaged in...
      • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ 'Cause they're working for the clampdown They put up a poster saying we earn more than you!
      • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ So I urge you to increase the rumors which exalt our cause and show its greatness, but not the rumors which spread shame on the community of our brothers.
      • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

      .It is much to be lamented that each state, long ago, has not hunted them down as pest to society and the greatest enemies we have to the happiness of America.
    • Both of these are doctored statements that have been widely disseminated as genuine on many anti-semitic websites; They are distortions derived from a statement that may be authentic, and was attributed to George Washington in Maxims of George Washington (1894) about currency speculators during the Revolutionary war, not about Jews: "This tribe of black gentry work more effectually against us, than the enemy's arms.^ The answer is perhaps more than many of us think.

      ^ They are widely respected by the Israeli public and by many Jews in the Diaspora.
      • TOQ-Kevin MacDonald-Understanding Jewish Influence-Vol 3 No 2 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.kevinmacdonald.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ "They (the Jews) work more effectively against us, than the enemy's armies.
      • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

      .They are a hundred times more dangerous to our liberties, and the great cause we are engaged in.^ They are a hundred times more dangerous to our liberties and the great cause we are engaged in...
      • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ 'Cause they're working for the clampdown They put up a poster saying we earn more than you!
      • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ But all the events of the Council make it clear that they showed great wisdom and courage at that time.
      • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

      .It is much to be lamented that each State, long ere this, has not hunted them down as pests to society, and the greatest enemies we have to the happiness of America."^ It is much to be lamented that each state, long ago, has not hunted them down as pest to society and the greatest enemies we have to the happiness of America."
      • What world famous men said about the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ May HaShem grant you a quick recovery and long life with many blessings and much happiness for you and your family.

      .More information is available at Snopes.^ More information for this company is available on on IMDbPro .
      • Warner Bros. Pictures [us] 15 January 2010 12:13 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: News]
      • Warner Bros. Pictures [us] 26 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: News]

      com: "To Bigotry, No Sanction"

See also

External links

Wikipedia
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1911 encyclopedia

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also jews

English

Proper noun

Jews
  1. Plural form of Jew.

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Jew article)

From BibleWiki

.The name derived from the patriarch Judah, at first given to one belonging to the tribe of Judah or to the separate kingdom of Judah (2Kg 16:6; 25:25; Jer 32:12; 38:19; 40:11; 41:3), in contradistinction from those belonging to the kingdom of the ten tribes, who were called Israelites.^ The latter were called the uncircumcision' by those who are called the circumcision' (2:11).
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ Decalogue Ex 20:1-17; Dt 5:6-21; Covenant Code Ex 20: 22-23:19; the collection of Ex 34; Deuteronomic Law Dt 12-28; Holiness Code Lv 17-26; Priestly Laws Ex 25-31; 35-40; Lv 1-7; 8-10, 11-16, etc.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ In this way you would find out that those among you who are today called patriarchs are not priests at all.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.During the Captivity, and after the Restoration, the name, however, was extended to all the Hebrew nation without distinction (Est 3:6, 10; Dan 3:8, 12; Ez 4:12; 5:1, 5).^ However, since you think that all Zionists are nutjobs, without understanding what the term means, I'd say that you are the nutjob.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The true seed of Israel separated themselves from all foreigners (not, however, without some opposition) and formed an exclusively religious body or " congregation ."

.Originally this people were called Hebrews (Gen 39:14; 40:15; Ex 2:7; 3:18; 5:3; 1Sam 4:6, 9, etc.^ Chosen by God, Israel is called a holy people (Dt 7:6; 14:2).
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ Ex 15:18; Nu 23:21; Dt 33:5.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ Gn 28:16-18; Ex 3:5; Jos 5:15.
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

), but after the Exile this name fell into disuse. But Paul was styled a Hebrew (2Cor 11:22; Phil 3:5).
.The history of the Jewish nation is interwoven with the history of Palestine and with the narratives of the lives of their rulers and chief men.^ The keen interest taken by the great prophets in the world around them is not prominent in the national records; political history has been subordinated, and the Palestine which modern discovery is revealing is not conspicuous in the didactic narratives.

^ The temple-tax was strictly exacted; Jews who lived the Jewish life without openly confessing their religion and Jews who concealed their nationality were brought before the magistrates.

.They are now [1897] dispersed over all lands, and to this day remain a separate people, "without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image [R.V. 'pillar,' marg.^ Aided by the religious reform of Josiah (640-609), 179 the deuteronomic law prescribed one sanctuary in the land for all the people (Dt 12:2-7).
  • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

^ If he turns away from you now because of your sins, lie should have done so all the more in those days.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is noteworthy, also, that an Ahaziah and a Jehoram appear as kings of Israel, and (in the reverse order) of Judah, and somewhat similar incidents recur in the now separate histories of the two kingdoms.

'obelisk'], and without an ephod, and without teraphim" (Hos 3:4). .Till about the beginning of the present century [1800] they were everywhere greatly oppressed, and often cruelly persecuted; but now their condition is greatly improved, and they are admitted in most European countries to all the rights of free citizens.^ In Sweden the Jews have all the rights which are open to non- Lutherans ; they cannot become members of the council of state.

^ And those who are convinced that they hold the absolute truth are the most dangerous of all."
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They refused to betray their faith in those most difficult times [of persecution]; would they sink to pretense and deceit on the question of the Easter observance?
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

In 1860 the "Jewish disabilities" were removed, and they were admitted to a seat in the British Parliament. .Their number in all is estimated at about six millions, about four millions being in Europe.^ After all, millions of Jews were forbidden to leave Nazi-occupied Europe in order to placate the Palestinians.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If somewhere around fifty million people died during WW2, that Jewish mortality comprised some 2% of this total: which is about the average for Europe, i.e.

^ Sixty years and several generations later, that number has swelled to an estimated seven million.

There are three names used in the New Testament to designate this people,
.
  1. Jews, as regards their nationality, to distinguish them from Gentiles.
  2. Hebrews, with regard to their language and education, to distinguish them from Hellenists, i.e., Jews who spoke the Greek language.
  3. Israelites, as respects their sacred privileges as the chosen people of God.^ For God has not rejected his people (11:2); witness to that is the existence of a Remnant, who believe in Christ; Paul himself is part of that Remnant (11:1,4-6).
    • The Jewish People and their Sacred Scriptures in the Christian Bible 6 February 2010 11:46 UTC www.vatican.va [Source type: Original source]

    ^ My old grandmother is right-how can they do this to God's chosen people?
    • Daily Kos: UPDATE It's the Jews 15 January 2010 11:43 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I was not without experience of the Jewish way of life under the Law and the punishment set for those who transgress it, was I? "I am a Hebrew of the Hebrews; as regards the Law, a Pharisee; as regards zeal, a persecutor of the Church.
    • Medieval Sourcebook: Saint John Chrysostom: Eight Homilies Against the Jews 28 January 2010 0:10 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

    "To other races we owe the splendid inheritance of modern civilization and secular culture; but the religious education of mankind has been the gift of the Jew alone."
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
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