From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
James "Jim" Ray Hines (born September 10, 1946)
is an American
athlete who held the 100
m world record for 15 years. He was the first sprinter to
officially beat the 10-second barrier in the 100 meters.
Born in Dumas, Arkansas, Hines was raised in Oakland,
California and graduated from McClymonds High School in 1964.
He was a baseball player
in his younger years, until he was spotted by a track coach as a
running talent and became a sprinter. At the 1968 US national
championships in Sacramento, California, Hines
became the first man to break the ten second barrier in the 100
meter race, setting 9.9 (manual timing), with a real time of 10.03
- two other athletes, Ronnie Ray Smith behind him (real time
10.13) and Charles Greene on the other
semi-final (real time 10.09) having got the same official clocking
. Hines attended Texas Southern University in
Houston, Texas. He was a member of the Texas Southern
University Tigers track team.
A few months later, at the 1968 Summer Olympics, Hines — a black athlete — found
himself in a tense situation, with racial riots going on in his home country and
a threat of a boycott by the black athletes of the US team who were
disturbed by the controversial admittance of apartheid South Africa to the
games and revelations linking the head of the International Olympic
Committee, Avery Brundage, to a racist and anti-semitic country
club. Hines reached the 100 m final, and won it. There was some
controversy over his exact time, but eventually his time of 9.95
was recognised as a new world record (electronically timed and
therefore considered quicker than his 9.9). The race was also
significant for being the first all-black final in Olympic history.
Hines helped break another World Record when he
and his teammates sprinted to the 4 x 100 m relay gold at the same
After these successes, Hines was a 6th round pick in the 1968 NFL Draft by
Dolphins, an American football team.
Unfortunately, Hines did not have the football skills to match his
speed and spent the 1968 season on the practice squad. He was
given the nickname "Oops" due to his lack of football skill. He
appeared in 10 games with Miami in 1969 catching just two passes
for 23 yards, rushed the ball one time for seven yards and returned
one kickoff for 22 yards. Hines
then appeared in one game with the Kansas City Chiefs in 1970. He never
played pro football again.
For years he worked with inner-city youth in Houston, as well as
on oil rigs outside the city.
Hines' world record remained unbeaten for an exceptionally long
time, until Calvin
Smith ran 9.93 in 1983.