From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
James Richard Leyland (born December 15, 1944
Ohio) is a Major League Baseball manager
for the Detroit
Tigers. He led the Florida Marlins to a World
Series championship in 1997. With the Tigers' victory in the
League Championship Series, Leyland has become the seventh
manager in history to win pennants in both the National and American
Leagues. He is a 3-time Manager of the Year Award
winner, twice in the National League (1990 and 1992), and
once in the American League in 2006.
Leyland is notorious for his smoking habit (Marlboro Reds are his favorite),
which he defends. Leyland is often known to smoke in the dugout
during games. More recently, as smoking has been banned in many
major league stadiums, he smokes on the clubhouse ramp between
Jim Leyland began his baseball career with the Tigers when they
signed him as a catcher on
September 21, 1963. He spent six seasons as a minor
leaguer in the Tigers organization (1964-69) before serving as a
coach with the Montgomery Rebels
in 1970. *Leyland, a career .222 hitter in the minor leagues, recently
quipped that he "could've been inside the Duquesne Light
Company, and it wouldn't have made a difference" in regard to
the impact that lighting quality between minor and major league
stadiums can have on a batter.
Leyland then served as a coach for the Rocky Mount Leafs in the
first half of the 1971 season before receiving his first managerial
experience with the Bristol Tigers the same season. He
managed for 11 seasons at the minor league level in the Tigers
organization (1971-81), advancing to the postseason six times and
claiming his respective league championship three times. Leyland
was selected as the manager of the year in the Florida
State League in both 1977 and 1978 and in the American
Association in 1979.
Leyland left the Tigers organization for the first time in 1982
when he became Tony
La Russa's third base coach for four seasons (1982-85) with the
White Sox, including the team's 1983 AL West division title, before
being named the 33rd manager in Pittsburgh Pirates history on
November 20, 1985.
He was the manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates from 1986 to 1996. He won
two Manager of the Year trophies
with the Pirates in 1990 and 1992, and developed such All-Stars as Barry Bonds, Jay Bell, Tim Wakefield, Andy Van Slyke
Bonilla in Pittsburgh before a fire sale in the
mid-1990s soured him with new ownership. Under Leyland, the Pirates
went to the National League
Championship Series in three straight seasons (1990, 1991, and 1992). The
Pirates lost all three of those NLCS series, however, with the
latter two going the full seven games against the Atlanta Braves.
Although he has moved on in his career, he still keeps his home in
he met his wife Katie and has raised two children, Pat and Kellie.
Both currently attend Bishop Canevin High School.
Florida Marlins and
In 1997, he was hired by Wayne Huizenga to
manage the Florida Marlins and promptly led them
to the franchise's first championship. The Marlins, in only their
fifth year of existence, became the second fastest expansion
franchise to win a World Series (the Boston Americans,
now known as the Red Sox, were a charter team in the expansion
American League in 1901 and won the first World Series in 1903).
The Arizona Diamondbacks surpassed the Marlins on this list when
they won the World Series in 2001, their fourth season.
In the offseason, Huizenga dismantled the team in what became
known as "the fire sale."
After Game 7, when asked about rumors that he may retire if
Huizenga sold the franchise, Leyland quipped, "My wife doesn't like
me that much. I can't retire." Leyland
indeed remained as the manager, but resigned after a terrible 1998 season.
At his press conference, Leyland remarked that he thought his job
was to win championships, but that apparently wasn't what Huizenga
wanted. Leyland was subsequently hired by the Colorado
Rockies for the 1999 season, walking away from the
final two years of his contract.
When he left managing after the 1999 season, he became a
Pittsburgh-based scout for the St. Louis
Cardinals; he was often seen sitting in the stands at PNC Park with fellow
ex-Pirates manager Chuck Tanner.
In 2005, Leyland returned to the franchise with which he spent
the first 18 years of his professional baseball career, managing in
the AL for the first time. Following the release of Alan Trammell as
the manager of the Tigers on October 3, 2005, Leyland was immediately named a
top contender to replace him for the 2006 season. "It's well known that
I interviewed with Philadelphia last winter, and I'd
like to manage again," Leyland said in September 2005. He was
announced as the new Tigers manager just one day later.
In the 2006 regular season, Leyland guided the Tigers to a 95-67
record, the Tigers' best season since 1987. The Tigers entered the playoffs
as a wild
card, and went on to defeat the New York Yankees and sweep the Oakland
Athletics on their way to winning the American League pennant.
During their World
Series playoff run in 2006, he lit a section of their dugout on
fire at Comerica
Park against the Oakland Athletics after failing to
put out a cigarette. Many people chose the Tigers to win the 2006 World
Series, although they ultimately lost to the St. Louis
Cardinals. In leading the team to the AL pennant, he became the
seventh manager to win pennants in both major leagues, joining Joe
Berra, Alvin Dark,
Williams, and Tony La Russa. After the 2006 season
ended, Leyland was recognized with the Manager of the Year award for the third
time in his career. He became the third person to win the award in
both leagues, joining Tony La Russa and Bobby Cox. Leyland also won The Sporting
News Manager of the Year Award for the American League in 2006.
As of the end of the 2006 season, Leyland's career managerial
record is 1164–1198, a .493 winning percentage.
On October 2, 2007, the Tigers extended Leyland's contract
through the 2009 season.
Despite a disappointing 2008 season, Tigers General Manager Dave
Dombrowski announced on September 24, 2008, that Leyland will be
back for the 2009 season..
On June 19, 2009, the Tigers extended Leyland's contract through
the 2011 season .
Leyland, his wife Katie, and their two children, Patrick (born
10/11/1991), and Kellie (born 6/23/1993) reside in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania during the
off-season. His brother, Tom, is a Catholic priest and performed
Jim and Katie's wedding ceremony in November, 1987.