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James P. Moran

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 8th district
Assumed office 
January 3, 1991
Preceded by Stanford Parris

Mayor of Alexandria, Virginia
In office
Preceded by Charles E. Beatley
Succeeded by Patsy Ticer

Born May 16, 1945 (1945-05-16) (age 64)
Buffalo, New York
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) LuAnn L. Bennett (m. 2004)
Mary Howard (div. 2003)
Relations Brian Moran (Brother)
Children Four
Residence Arlington, Virginia
Alma mater College of the Holy Cross (B.A.)
University of Pittsburgh (M.P.A.)
Occupation Investment broker,
Federal Employee
Religion Roman Catholic

James Patrick "Jim" Moran II (born May 16, 1945) has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1991. He represents Virginia's 8th congressional district, an area which is located in Northern Virginia, and includes the cities of Falls Church and Alexandria, as well as Arlington Countyand Fairfax County, Virginia. He sits as a member on the House Committee on Appropriations. He also helped to co-found the Democratic Leadership Council, of which he is still a member, in the mid nineties.[1]

Jim Moran was also the Mayor of Alexandria, Virginia, from 1985 to his run for congress in 1990, the year he was first elected to the United States House of Representatives; defeating Republican incumbent Stanford Parris, who had represented the district for six terms. He is of Irish American descent and is the brother of former Virginia State Delegate and Democratic gubernatorial candidate Brian Moran.[2]


Early life

Moran was born in Buffalo, New York and grew up in Natick, Massachusetts, a western suburb of Boston. He was a boxer. He attended Marian High School in Framingham, Massachusetts before earning a B.A. in economics (1967) at the College of the Holy Cross, and a Master of Public Administration (1970) at the University of Pittsburgh. Young Moran secured an internship in financial management at the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and spent five years there as a budget officer. He was a senior specialist for budgetary and fiscal policy at the Library of Congress, and then on the staff of U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations from 1976 to 1979 under Warren Magnuson's sponsorship.[3]

Voters elected him to the Alexandria, Virginia, City Council in 1979. He was deputy mayor from 1982 to his resignation in 1984 as part of a Nolo contendere plea bargain to a misdemeanor conflict of interest charge, which courts later erased. The incident stemmed from charges that Moran had used money from a political action committee to rent a tuxedo and buy Christmas cards; both of which were later judged by the Commonwealth Attorney to "fit the definition of constituent services", and were dismissed.[4] In 1985 Moran was elected Mayor of Alexandria.

In the 1990 Midterm elections, Moran defeated four-term Republican incumbent Stanford E. Parris in the general election on November 6, 1990[1] to become the Representative of Virginia's 8th District in the United States House of Representatives. He was sworn into office on January 3, 1991.[5]

His brother, Brian Moran, is a former member of the Virginia House of Delegates and was an unsuccessful primary candidate for Governor of Virginia in the 2009 election.[2]


Moran represents Virginia's 8th congressional district, an area in Northern Virginia which is just across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.; the district includes the towns of Alexandria, Arlington, and Falls Church. The redistricting which followed the 2000 census also gave Moran the town of Reston. His district is located in the Dulles Technology Corridor, and is the home of many federal Defense contractors as well as a significant number of those who work in the Information Technology industry. Many federal employees also reside within the district, mostly due to its proximity to Washington; and because both the United States Department of Defense and the Central Intelligence Agency, among others, are headquartered there.[6]

During the mid nineties, Moran co-founded and later co-chaired the Democratic Leadership Council, a coalition of Democratic lawmakers who report to be moderates when considering commerce, budgeting, and economic legislation, but will vote as a liberal would on social issues.[7] Moran is also a member of the House Progressive Caucus, the largest caucus operating within the Democratic caucus; which works to advance progressive issues and opinions.[8]

Moran was critical of the President during the final years of the Clinton administration: In 1998, during the Monica Lewinsky scandal, Moran was one of only 31 House Democrats to support launching a formal impeachment inquiry into President Bill Clinton. He told TIME Magazine that "This whole sordid mess is just too tawdry and tedious and embarrassing... It's like a novel that just became too full of juicy parts and bizarre, sleazy characters"[9]. Moran is also reported to have told First Lady Hillary Clinton that if she had been his sister, he would have punched her husband in the nose. Moran eventually decided not to vote for impeachment, explaining that Clinton had not compromised the country's security, and that he still respected him for what he had accomplished as President. He still proposed a resolution demanding that Clinton confess to a pattern of "dishonest and illegal conduct" surrounding his sexual involvement with Monica Lewinsky.[10][11]

Moran has been voted "High Technology Legislator of the Year" by the Information Technology Industry Council and has been voted into the American Electronics Association Hall of Fame for his work on avoiding the Year 2000 crisis and his support of the IT Industry and Defense Contractors in Northern Virginia.[12] He cosponsored failed bills in 2005 to provide the District of Columbia with a House seat and to prohibit slaughter of horses.[13][14]

Jim Moran and Sheila Jackson Lee protesting outside the Sudanese embassy

On April 28, 2006, Moran, along with four other members of Congress, Rep. Tom Lantos of California, Sheila Jackson Lee of Texas, as well as James McGovern and John Olver of Massachusetts; and six other activists, were arrested for disorderly conduct in front of the Sudanese embassy in Washington, and spent 45 minutes in a jail cell before being released. They were protesting the alleged role of Sudan's government in ethnic cleansing in Darfur. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, "Their protest and civil disobedience was designed to embarrass the military dictatorship's ongoing genocide of its non-Arab citizens."[15]

The day after the Virginia Tech Massacre in 2007, Moran told a local radio station that the assault weapons ban should be reinstated, and blamed the National Rifle Association, which he accused of getting a "free ride"; and President George W. Bush for blocking gun control legislation. He further warned that if gun control legislation was not passed, then shootings such as the one at Virginia Tech will happen "time and time again". He later dismissed charges that he was politicizing the shooting, telling Politico that "as a legislator, your immediate reaction is to think something could be done to avoid this. I don't know why the idea of figuring out how to avoid it is a political partisan issue".[16]

In May 2009, Moran introduced a bill that would restrict broadcast advertisements for erectile dysfunction or male enhancement medication. He said that such ads were indecent and should be prohibited on radio and television between the hours of 6 am and 10 pm, in accordance with Federal Communications Commission policy.[17] Later that year, Moran and former presidential candidate and former Governor of Vermont Howard Dean held a town hall meeting on the issue of Health Care at South Lakes High School in Reston, Virginia. The meeting was interrupted several times by protesters, most notably anti-abortion activist Randall Terry, who, along with about half a dozen supporters, caused such a commotion that they had to be escorted out by police. The incident was replayed several times over the next few weeks on television as an example of the tension at town halls that fall.[18]

Moran being sworn into a tenth term in the House of Representatives by Speaker Nancy Pelosi in 2007; along with his wife, LuAnn Bennett.

The following February he made a call on the House floor for the repeal of Don't Ask, Don't Tell, the military policy of discharging soldiers on active duty who are openly homosexual. He spoke about a letter penned by a gay soldier who was then serving in the Afghanistan War, who had "learned that a fellow soldier was also gay, only after he was killed by an IED in Iraq. The partner of the deceased soldier wrote the unit to say how much the victim had loved the military; how they were the only family he had ever known... This immutable human trait, sexual orientation, like the color of one’s skin, does not affect one’s integrity, their honor, our commitment to their country. Soldiers serving their country in combat should not have their sacrifices compounded by having to struggle with an antiquated ‘Don’t ask, don’t tell’ policy. Let’s do the right and honorable thing and repeal this policy".[19]

Moran is a member of the House Appropriations Committee, a position he uses to allocate federal funding to projects in Northern Virginia; usually the technology and defense industries. He also assisted in authorizing the replacement of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge, a bridge between Alexandria, Virginia and Washington, D.C. which had gained a reputation over the years among Northern Virginia residents as the site of numerous rush-hour traffic jams.[3][20]

On March 9, 2010, Moran was named to succeed Norman Dicks of Washington as the chairman of the House Interior Appropriations Subcommittee. Dicks ceded his chairmanship of Moran's subcommittee to replace the recently deceased John Murtha as the chair of the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee. The chairmanship gave Moran authority over appropriations to the Department of the Interior, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the National Endowment for the Arts; among other things. Moran said he was excited to be able to play a role in protecting the environment and conserving natural resources.[21][22]

Moran has appeared on The Colbert Report as part of the series "Better Know a District". During the appearance he described himself as "gentle," but later jokingly punched Colbert in the face after Colbert called Moran a "coward."[23] Moran also occasionally makes appearances on MSNBC, usually on Hardball with Chris Matthews and The Ed Show.[24][25]

Jewish support of the Iraq War

Prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq he told an antiwar audience in Reston, Virginia on March 3, 2003, that "If it were not for the strong support of the Jewish community for this war with Iraq, we would not be doing this. The leaders of the Jewish community are influential enough that they could change the direction of where this is going, and I think they should". This brought criticism from many of his own party; including, among others, Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle and Senator Joe Lieberman. Nancy Pelosi, who was House Minority Leader at the time, saying that "Moran's comments have no place in the Democratic Party".[26]

Moran apologized for the remarks, saying that "I should not have singled out the Jewish community and regret giving any impression that its members are somehow responsible for the course of action being pursued by the administration, or are somehow behind an impending war... What I was trying to say is that if more organizations in this country, including religious groups, were more outspoken against war, then I do not think we would be pursuing war as an option."[27][28]

Reputed conflicts of interest


Moran's support for harsher bankruptcy law provisions and sponsorship of harsher bankruptcy legislation brought allegations in 2002 that his support came in return for financial favors by financial institutions which could benefit from such laws. In January 1998, one month before he introduced the legislation, credit card bank MBNA advocated that would restrict the ability of consumer debtors to declare bankruptcy. Moran received a favorable debt consolidation loan from MBNA that allowed him to personally avoid bankruptcy due to credit card and stock market losses. The $447,000 loan at a favorable interest rate was the largest loan to an individual MBNA issued in 1998. Its belated disclosure triggered a Federal Elections Commission investigation into whether or not it constituted an improper contribution.

The Lieutenant Governor of Virginia at the time, Tim Kaine, joined Republican lawmakers in calling for a House Ethics Committee investigation into the loan; saying that Moran had made "an error in judgement" by accepting it. In his own defense, Moran said that the timing of the legislation's introduction was coincidental, and had nothing to do with the loan. MBNA spokesman Brian Dalphon said that the bank had offered the mortgage package not knowing that Moran was a member of Congress, and that the loan "made good business sense" because with the mortgage loan, "we improved our position by getting security for an unsecured loan... He had credit cards with us, he was having financial difficulties; this put him in a better position to be able to pay us back from a cash-flow standpoint."[29][30]

PMA Group

The House Ethics Committee investigated several members of the House Defense Appropriations Subcommittee, including Moran, Peter J. Visclosky, Norm Dicks, Marcy Kaptur and the late John Murtha, who was the chairman at the time, for a conflict of interest in the allocation of the government contracts to PMA Group; which donated nearly a million dollars to Moran's political action committee, as well as a significant amount of money to the gubernatorial campaign of Moran's younger brother, Brian Moran. Moran defended himself; saying that he was unaware of "who made donations", and "how much they gave", and therefore was not affected by the donations when allocating the funding.[31] The panel cleared Murtha (albeit posthumously), Moran, and the rest of those under investigation in February of 2010, saying that they violated no laws. The panel concluded that, "simply because a member sponsors an earmark for an entity that also happens to be a campaign contributor... does not support a claim that a member's actions are being influenced by campaign contributions" in a 305-page report.[32]

Political positions

Economy and budget

Moran often breaks with his party on economic issues, supporting Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and other free trade agreements,[33] harsher bankruptcy laws, and increased restrictions on the right to bring class action suits.[33]

He supports attempting to strengthen Social Security, calling it "a safe, stable, and dependable source of financial assistance for retirees and their families". He also states that he strongly opposes privatizing Social Security, saying that it would "cripple the system". It is his position that any changes to the current system must "promote its long-term solvency without disrupting the core principles on which the program was founded".[34]

Moran says he supports Federal oversight of financial institutions. He voted for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, and the TARP Reform and Accountability Act. He says he supports pay-as-you-go budgeting, and believes "that the American government needs to strive to build up a surplus when possible, so that there are funds to support and sustain our country during tough financial times". Moran has also called former President George W. Bush "Fiscally irresponsible".[35][33]

Moran has said he supports the redistribution of wealth, saying that "We have been guided by a Republican administration who believes in this simplistic notion that people who have wealth are entitled to keep it and they have an antipathy towards the means of redistributing wealth."[36] He also says on his website, that the recession was largely "a result of the imbalance in the distribution of wealth over the last eight years and an absence of oversight and accountability."[33]

Public welfare and defense

James Moran has expressed support for the Universal Healthcare, and more specifically, the Public Healthcare Option, saying, at a Town Hall meeting in Reston, Virginia in August 2009, that "It could do the most to bring down long-term medical costs and to adequately insure every American."[37][38] Moran voted for the Affordable Health Care for America Act, which passed on November 7, 2009; saying about the bill on his website that "The cost of doing nothing is simply too high for the American people to carry who today pay more than twice what people everywhere else on earth pay but yet live no longer nor healthier lives."[39]

Moran voted against authorizing the Iraq War in 2002, and did not support the troop increase for the Afghanistan War which was proposed by President Barack Obama in 2009, saying that he "appreciates President Obama's careful consideration regarding the U.S.'s engagement in Afghanistan". He went on to define the points at which he and Obama disagreed:

Our security concern is Al-Qaeda, not the Taliban. Eight years ago we went into Afghanistan to eliminate al-Qaeda and the “safe haven” that Afghanistan’s Taliban were providing the terrorist group responsible for the 9/11 attacks. Al-Qaeda has no significant presence today in all of Afghanistan... Instead of increasing our troop presence, the U.S. should limit its mission in Afghanistan to securing strategic Afghan population centers with the troops currently on the ground.[40]

James Moran has listed the environment as one of his top issues, citing his high marks from the League of Conservation Voters and the Sierra Club. He has used his position as a member of the Appropriations Committee, and as chairman of the Interior Appropriations Subcommittee to allocate federal funding for hiking trails[41] and wildlife reserves in his district.[42]

He has also voted to ban logging on federal lands and for stronger prohibitions of animal fighting. He has criticized the EPA for inaction on climate change, saying that "EPA had a historic opportunity to tackle head-on one of the greatest threats to our existence—global warming. Instead they balked under pressure from the administration, concluding the problem is so complex and controversial that it cannot be resolved". He has also endorsed and voted for the Clean Air Act, and says that global warming is an important issue to him.[33]

Social issues

Moran speaking at an event for Mayors Against Illegal Guns.

Moran supports gay rights, and voted against the Defense of Marriage Act, the Federal Marriage Amendment, and he is in favor of repealing the military's Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy.[19] He also supports gun control, voting for the Brady Bill, and supporting a reinstatement of the Assault Weapons Ban.[33][16] At different times he has voted to ban flag-burning and partial-birth abortions, though he has reversed his positions on both issues. On the subject of education, he has expressed support for Public Education system, universal pre-Kindergarten, and full funding for the No Child Left Behind program.[43] On Abortion, Moran has been given a 100% rating by the NARAL, and 0% by the National Right to Life Committee, indicating a Pro-Choice voting record. He also voted to expand research of embryonic Stem Cells, and to allow minors to go across state lines to receive abortions.[33]

Moran breaks from his party slightly on the subject of illegal immigration, supporting stronger border security, while also calling for a worker visa program to provide an easy path to citizenship. He says that all immigrants to the U.S. should be required to learn English, saying that it is necessary to be able to "participate in our 21st century economy". He says that the current immigration situation is "unsustainable", saying that the lack of control the United States has over its borders is a national security risk; and that if the United States had a functioning immigration system it would boost the economy.[44]

He was one of the only 75 members of the House of Representatives to vote no on a bill that would cease federal funding for community organizer ACORN in September 2009.[45]

Electoral history

Year Subject Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  %
1990 James Moran Democratic 88,745 51.7 Stanford Parris Republican 76,367 44.6 Robert T. Murphy Independent 5,958 3.5
1992 James Moran Democratic 138,542 56.1 Kyle E. McSlarrow Republican 102,717 41.6 Alvin O. West Independent 5,601 2.3
1994 James Moran Democratic 120,281 59.3 Kyle E. McSlarrow Republican 79,568 39.3 R. Ward Edmonds Independent 1,858 0.9
1996 James Moran Democratic 152,334 66.4 John E. Otey Republican 64,562 28.1 R. Ward Edmonds Independent 6,243 2.7
1998 James Moran Democratic 974,545 66.6 Demaris H. Miller Republican 48,352 33.0
2000 James Moran Democratic 164,178 63.3 Demaris H. Miller Republican 88,262 34.0 Ron Crickenberger Independent 3,483 1.3
2002 James Moran Democratic 102,759 59.8 Scott Tate Republican 64,121 37.3 Ron Crickenberger Independent 4,558 2.6
2004 James Moran Democratic 171,986 59.7 Lisa Cheney Republican 106,231 36.9 James Hurysz Independent 9,004 3.1
2006 James Moran Democratic 144,700 66.4 Tom O'Donoghue Republican 66,639 30.6 James Hurysz Independent 6,094 2.8
2008 James Moran Democratic 222,986 67.9 Mark Ellmore Republican 97,425 29.7 J. Ron Fisher Independent Green 6,829 2.1


Moran first won election in 1990, defeating Republican incumbent Stanford Parris, and has been elected to eleven consecutive terms in the house, winning by around ten points almost every time. In recent years he has faced financial executive Mark Ellmore, Tom O'Donoghue, and Lisa Cheney (no relation to Dick Cheney) in the general election. He was challenged in the Democratic primary by former advisor to Senator Ted Kennedy, Andrew Rosenberg, in 2004. He won easily with 58% of the vote. Rosenberg's challenge stemmed from Moran's 2003 comments regarding Jewish support for the Iraq War.[48]

Moran was challenged in 2008 by Independent Green candidate Ron Fisher and Republican candidate Mark Ellmore. Moran beat a primary challenger with 86% of the vote. In the November 4 General Election, Moran beat Mark Ellmore 67.94 percent to 29.68 percent. He received 222,986 votes, while Ellmore and Fisher received 97,425 and 6,829 votes, respectively. 957 write-in votes were cast.[49]

Committee assignments

See also


  1. ^ a b "Congressional Directory - 111th Congress". U.S. Government Printing Office. December 8, 2009. pp. 276, 277. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Kumar, Anita (June 8, 2009). "Virginia Politics Blog - Jim Moran: "I'm Concerned"". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 7, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Congressman Jim Moran - Biography". Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  4. ^ Prosecutor Finds No Violation In Moran's Use of PAC Money - The Washington Post, retrieved 2010-02-15
  5. ^ .docstoc - Jim Moran, retrieved 2010-02-15
  6. ^ "Virginia's 8th District". Retrieved February 28, 2010. 
  7. ^ DLC: The New Democratic Credo, retrieved 2010-02-14
  8. ^ Congressional Progressive Caucus, retrieved 2010-02-15
  9. ^ Carney, James (August 31, 1998). "Can Clinton calm angry Democrats?". TIME. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  10. ^ Hsu, Spencer (December 11, 1998). "Moran to Vote Against Impeachment". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  11. ^ "31 Democrats defect, support impeachment inquiry". CNN. October 8, 1998. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  12. ^ VoteSmart: Jim Moran, retrieved 2010-02-14
  13. ^ Davis, Tom (May 3, 2005). "To establish the District of Columbia as a Congressional district for purposes of representation in the House of Representatives, and for other purposes. (HR 2043)". Library of Congress. "Latest Major Action: 6/6/2005 Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on the Constitution." 
  14. ^ Rahall II, Nick Joe (January 25, 2005). "To restore the prohibition on the commercial sale and slaughter of wild free-roaming horses and burros (H.R.297)". Library of Congress. "Latest Major Action: 2/7/2005 Referred to House subcommittee. Status: Referred to the Subcommittee on Forests and Forest Health." 
  15. ^ Five members of Congress arrested over Sudan protest - San Fransisco, retrieved 2010-02-15
  16. ^ a b Mark, David (April 17, 2007). "Moran Criticizes Bush, Calls for Gun Control". Politico. Retrieved March 7, 2010. 
  17. ^ Jones, Susan (2009-05-05). "Liberal Democrat Wants Restrictions on Erectile Dysfunction Ads". Cybercast News Service. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  18. ^ C-SPAN Video Player - Howard Dean & Rep. Moran Health Care Town Hall in Reston, VA, retrieved 2010-02-14
  19. ^ a b "Gay Soldier Killed in Action in Afghanistan". PR Newswire. February 24, 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2010. 
  20. ^ Morris, Sarah (August 29, 2006). "US commuter blows up bottleneck". BBC News. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  21. ^ Blount, Emily (March 9, 2010). "Press Release: Moran takes gavel of Interior Appropriations Subcommittee". James Moran. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  22. ^ McCaffrey, Scott (March 11, 2010). "Rep. Moran wins Subcommittee Chairmanship". The Arlington Sun Gazette. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  23. ^ Colbert, Stephen (2005-12-08). "Know a District: Virginia's 8th". Better Know a District. Comedy Central. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  24. ^ "Rep. Jim Moran Talks About President Obama's Role In Health Care Talks". Talking Points Memo. 18 January 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  25. ^ "Jim Moran and Dennis Kucinich on Hardball". 9 January 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2010. 
  26. ^ Cockburn, Alexander (March 13, 2003). "'No Place in the Democratic Party'". The Nation. Retrieved March 7, 2010. 
  27. ^ - Transcripts: NewsNight with Aaron Brown, March 11, 2003, retrieved 2010-02-15
  28. ^ Barrett, Ted (March 12, 2003). "Lawmaker under fire for saying Jews support Iraq war". Retrieved February 28, 2010. 
  29. ^ Shenon, Philip (August 9, 2002). "Bankruptcy Bill Opponents Criticize Loan". New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Report: Moran backed lender's cause after loan". Sunday Free Lance-Star. July 7, 2002. pp. 7.,1357696. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  31. ^ Smith, R. Jeffrey (March 7, 2010). "Thin wall separates lobbyist contributions, earmarks". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 7, 2010. 
  32. ^ Salant, Jonathan (February 27, 2010). "Ethics panel clears Murtha on donations". Bloomberg News. Retrieved February 28, 2010. 
  33. ^ a b c d e f g On the Issues - James P. Moran, retrieved 2010-02-15
  34. ^ Protecting Social Security - Congressman Jim Moran, retrieved 2010-02-15
  35. ^ Op Eds & Columns: EPA Decision Sets Back Global Warming Efforts,, retrieved 2010-02-15
  36. ^ Ham, Mary Katharine (November 4, 2008). "Jim Moran on the simplistic notion that people with wealth are entitled to keep it". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved March 7, 2010. 
  37. ^ U.S. Rep. James P. Moran, Howard Dean Appear at Health-Care Town Hall in Reston - The Washington Post, retrieved 2010-02-15
  38. ^ Healthcare - Congressman Jim Moran, retrieved 2010-02-15
  39. ^ Health Choices Act - Congressman Jim Moran, retrieved 2010-02-15
  40. ^ Press Release: Moran Statement on U.S. policy in Afghanistan, retrieved 2010-02-15
  41. ^ Moran, James. "Enviroment - Congressman Jim Moran". Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  42. ^ American Chronicle - Interior Bill Holds $9 Million for Land Preservation & Environmental Projects
  43. ^ Congressman Jim Moran - Education, retrieved 2010-02-15
  44. ^ Congressman Jim Moran - Immigration, retrieved 2010-02-15
  45. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 718, House Clerk, retrieved 2010-02-15
  46. ^ "Office of the House Clerk - Electoral Statistics". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. pp. 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996. Retrieved March 9, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Election Results". Federal Election Commission. pp. 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008. Retrieved March 9, 2010. 
  48. ^ "Virginia Congressman Wins Primary". The New York Times. June 9, 2004. Retrieved February 28, 2010. 
  49. ^ "November 2008 Official Results" (PDF). Commonwealth Of Virginia. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 

External links

Official websites

Congressional links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Stanford E. Parris
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 8th congressional district

1991 – present
United States order of precedence
Preceded by
Collin Peterson
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Chet Edwards

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