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Jimmy Durante

from the Broadway to Hollywood trailer (1933)
Born James Francis Durante
February 10, 1893(1893-02-10)
Brooklyn, New York
United States
Died January 29, 1980 (aged 86)
Santa Monica, California
United States
Other name(s) The Schnoz
Occupation Actor, comedian, singer, pianist
Years active 1920–1980
Spouse(s) Jeanne Olsen (1921–1943)
Margie Little (1960–1980)

James Francis "Jimmy" Durante (February 10, 1893 – January 29, 1980) was an American singer, pianist, comedian and actor. His distinctive clipped gravelly speech, comic language butchery, jazz-influenced songs, and large nose helped make him one of America's most familiar and popular personalities of the 1920s through the 1970s. His jokes about his nose included referring to it as a "Schnozzola", and the word became his nickname.

Contents

Early career

Durante was born in Brooklyn, New York, the third of four children born to Italian-Americans Bartolomeo Durante (1849–1942) and Rosa (Lentino) Durante (1858–1921). Durante dropped out of school in the eighth grade to become a full-time ragtime pianist. He first played with his cousin, who was also "Jimmy Durante." It was a family act, but he was too professional for his cousin. He continued working the city circuit and earned the nickname "Ragtime Jimmy," before he joined one of the first recognizable jazz bands in New York, the Original New Orleans Jazz Band. Durante was the only member not from New Orleans. His routine of breaking into a song to deliver a joke, with band or orchestra chord punctuation after each line, became a Durante trademark. In 1920, the group was renamed Jimmy Durante's Jazz Band.

Durante became a vaudeville star and radio personality by the mid-1920s, with a trio called Clayton, Jackson and Durante. Lou Clayton and Eddie Jackson, Durante's closest friends, often reunited professionally. Jackson and Durante appeared in the Cole Porter musical The New Yorkers, which opened on Broadway on December 8, 1930.

By 1934, he had a major record hit with his own novelty composition, Inka Dinka Doo. It became his theme song for the rest of his life. A year later, Durante starred on Broadway in the Billy Rose stage musical Jumbo, in which a police officer stopped him while leading a live elephant and asked him, "What are you doing with that elephant?" Durante's reply, "What elephant?", was a regular show-stopper. Durante also appeared on Broadway in Show Girl (1929), Strike Me Pink (1934), and Red, Hot and Blue (1936).

He began appearing in motion pictures in a comedy series pairing him with silent film legend Buster Keaton and continuing with The Wet Parade (1932), Broadway to Hollywood (1933), The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942, playing "Banjo", a character based on Harpo Marx), Ziegfeld Follies (1946), Billy Rose's Jumbo (1962, based on the 1935 musical), and It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963).

Radio

On September 10, 1933 Durante appeared on Eddie Cantor's popular The Chase and Sanborn Hour, continuing until November 12 of that year. When Cantor departed, Durante took over the NBC show as its star from April 22 to September 30, 1934, moving on to The Jumbo Fire Chief Program (1935–36).

He teamed with Garry Moore for The Durante-Moore Show in 1943. Durante's comic chemistry with the young, brushcut Moore brought Durante an even larger audience. "Dat's my boy dat said dat!" became an instant catchphrase. The duo became one of the nation's favorites for the rest of the decade, including a well-reviewed Armed Forces Radio Network command performance with Frank Sinatra that remains a favorite of radio collectors today. Moore left in mid-1947, and the program returned October 1, 1947 as The Jimmy Durante Show. Durante worked in radio for three years after Moore's 1947 departure, including a reunion of Clayton, Jackson and Durante on his April 21, 1948 broadcast.

Television

Durante made his television debut on November 1, 1950, though he kept a presence in radio as one of the frequent guests on Tallulah Bankhead's two-year, NBC comedy-variety show, The Big Show. Durante was one of the cast on the show's premiere November 5, 1950. The rest of the cast included humorist Fred Allen, singers Mindy Carson and Frankie Laine, stage musical performer Ethel Merman, actors Jose Ferrer and Paul Lukas, and comic-singer Danny Thomas (about to become a major television star in his own right). A highlight of the show was Durante and Thomas, whose own nose rivaled Durante's, in a routine in which Durante accused Thomas of stealing his nose. "Stay outta dis, No-Nose!" Durante barked at Bankhead to a big laugh.

From 1950-51, Durante was one of four alternating hosts on NBC's comedy-variety series, "4 Star Revue." He alternated Wednesdays with Danny Thomas (now a headliner), Jack Carson, and Ed Wynn.

Beginning in the early 1950s, Durante teamed with sidekick Sonny King, a collaboration that would continue until Durante's death. Jimmy could be seen regularly in Las Vegas after Sunday Mass outside of the Guardian Angel Cathedral standing next to the priest and greeting the people as they left Mass.

On August 4, 1955, The Jimmy Durante Show was the venue of the last performance by the famous Brazilian singer Carmen Miranda. Miranda fell to her knees while dancing with Durante, who instinctively told the band to "stop da music!". He helped Miranda up to her feet as she laughed "I'm all out of breath!". "Dat's OK, honey, I'll take yer lines" Durante replied. Miranda laughed again and quickly pulled herself together, finishing the show. However, the next morning, August 5, Carmen died at home from heart failure.

Marriages

Durante's radio show was bracketed with two trademarks: "Inka Dinka Doo" as his opening theme, and the invariable signoff that became another familiar national catchphrase: "Good night, Mrs. Calabash, wherever you are." For years Durante preferred to keep the mystery alive, but eventually relented.

One theory was that the phrase referred to the owner of a restaurant in Calabash, North Carolina, where Jimmy and his troupe stopped once to eat. He was so taken by the food, the service, and the chitchat that Jimmy told the owner that he would make her famous. Not knowing her name he instead referred to her as "Mrs. Calabash".[1]

Another theory was that it was his personal salute to his late first wife, Jeanne Olsen, whom he married on June 19, 1921. She died on Valentine's Day in 1943. "Calabash" may have been a typical Durante mangle of Calabasas, the Southern California locale where the couple made their home for the last years of her life.

At a National Press Club meeting in 1966 (broadcast on NBC's Monitor program), Durante revealed that it was indeed a tribute to the first Mrs. Durante. One time while driving across the country, they stopped in a small town called Calabash, which Mrs. Durante loved. He recalled the town as being near Chicago. "Mrs. Calabash" became his private pet name for her, so years later he came to sign off his radio program with "Good night, Mrs. Calabash." He added "...wherever you are" after the first year.[2]

On December 14, 1960, he married his second wife, Margaret "Margie" Little, whom he had met 16 years earlier at the Copacabana, where she worked as a hatcheck girl. She was 41, he 67, when they married. The couple adopted a baby, Cecilia Alicia (nicknamed CeCe and now known as CeCe Durante-Bloum) on Christmas Day, 1961. CeCe became a horseback-riding instructor near San Diego, married a computer designer, and has two sons and a daughter.

Charitable Work

Jimmy's love for children continued through the Fraternal Order of Eagles children, who among many causes raise money for handicapped and abused. At Jimmy's first appearance at the Eagles International Convention in 1961, judge Bob Hansen inquired about his fee for performing. Jimmy replied, "do not even mention money judge or I'll have to mention a figure that'll make ya sorry ya brought it up" "What can we do then?" asked Hansen. "Help da kids," was Durante's reply. Jimmy performed for many years at Eagles conventions free of charge, not even accepting travel money. The Fraternal Order of Eagles in his honor changed the name of their Children's Fund to the Jimmy Durante Children's Fund, children and in his memory have raised over 20 million dollars to help. A reporter once remarked of Durante after an interview: "You could warm your hands on this one."

Later years

Durante continued his film appearances through It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963) (in which, early in the film, his Smiler Grogan character tells a concerned crowd of $350,000 "buried under a big W" and then dies, literally "kicking the bucket") and television appearances through the early 1970s. He narrated the Rankin-Bass animated Christmas special Frosty the Snowman (1969), re-run for many years since. The television work also included a series of commercial spots for Kellogg's Corn Flakes cereals in the mid 1960s, which introduced Durante's gravelly growl and narrow-eyed, large-nosed countenance to millions of children. "Dis is Jimmy Durante, in puy-son!" was his introduction to some of the Kellogg's spots. One of his last appearances was in a memorable television commercial for the 1973 Volkswagen Beetle, where he proclaimed that the new, roomier Beetle had "plenty of breathin' room....for da old schnozzola!"

In 1963, Durante recorded an album of pop standards, September Song. The album became a best-seller and provided Durante's re-introduction, to yet another generation, almost three decades later. His gravelly interpretation of "As Time Goes By" accompanied the opening credits of the romantic comedy hit, Sleepless in Seattle, while his version of "Make Someone Happy" launched the film's closing credits. The former number appeared on the film's best-selling soundtrack.

He wrote a foreword for a humorous book titled Cockeyed Americana, compiled by Dick Hyman. In the first paragraph of the "Foreword!," as Durante called it, he met Hyman and discussed the book and the contribution Hyman wanted Durante to make to it. Durante wrote, "Before I can say gaziggadeegasackeegazobbath, we're at his luxurious office." After reading the material Hyman had compiled for the book, Durante commented on it, "COLOSSAL, GIGANTIC, MAGNANIMOUS, and last but not first, AURORA BOREALIS. [Capitalization Durante's.] Four little words that make a sentence--and a sentence that will eventually get me six months."

Aside from "Dat's my boy dat said dat!" , "Dat's moral turpentine!" and "It's a catastastroke!" (for "catastrophe,") Durante sent such catch phrases as "Everybody wants ta get inta the act!", "Umbriago!" and "Ha-cha-cha-chaaaaaaa!" into the vernacular.

Durante suffered a stroke in 1972, and used a wheelchair during the last years of his life. He died of pneumonia in Santa Monica, California, on January 29, 1980, aged 86, and was interred at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City.

Animation

Jimmy Durante is known to most as the character who narrated and sang the 1969 animated special Frosty the Snowman. There are numerous Durante depictions and allusions in animation. Pumbaa does a brief Durante impression while singing Hakuna Matata in The Lion King. A character in M-G-M cartoons, a bulldog named Spike, whose puppy son was always getting caught by accident in the middle of Tom and Jerry's activities, referenced Durante with a raspy voice and an affectionate "Dat's my boy!" In another Tom and Jerry episode, a starfish lands on Tom's head, giving him a big nose. He then proceeds with Durante's famous "Ha-cha-cha-cha" call. A Durante-like voice was also given to the father beagle, Doggie Daddy, in Hanna-Barbera's Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy cartoons, Doggie Daddy invariably addressing the junior beagle with a Durante-like "Augie, my son, my son," and with frequent citations of, "That's my boy who said that!" In the 1933 Warner Bros. Looney Tunes short, Bosko's Picture Show, there is a scene where he is chased by Adolf Hitler with a meat cleaver.

Many 1940s Looney Tunes/Merrie Melodies cartoons had characters based on Durante. Two examples are A Gruesome Twosome, which features a cat based on Durante[3] and Baby Bottleneck, which in unedited versions opens with a Durante-like stork.[4] "Book Revue" shows the well-known (at that time) 1924 Edna Ferber novel "So Big" featuring a Durante caricature on the cover. The "so big" refers to his nose, and as a runaway criminal turns the corner by the book, Durante turns sideways using his nose to trip the criminal, allowing his capture. In the Looney Tunes/Merrie Melodies cartoon named "Hollywood Daffy", Durante is directly depicted as himself, pronouncing his catch-phrase "Those are the conditions that prevail!".

A Durante-like voice was also used for Marvel Comics superhero The Thing in the Hanna-Barbera cartoon Fred and Barney Meet the Thing. In a 1993 episode of The Simpsons titled Lady Bouvier's Lover, after Grampa cries out, "Good night, Mrs. Bouvier, wherever you are," the Blue-haired lawyer announces himself in charge of Jimmy Durante's estate and therefore puts a halt to Abraham Simpson's "unauthorized imitation" of Durante. The voice and appearance of Crispy, the mascot for Crispy Critters cereal, was also based on Durante.[5]

Film references

In the movie Greedy, Michael J. Fox imitates Durante to amuse his rich uncle. In the movie My Stepmother Is an Alien, the alien stepmother (Kim Basinger) sees Durante on TV and later repeats part of the sketch with her husband for an alien audience.

Other cultural references

  • Animated sitcom The Simpsons featured an impersonation of Durante by character Abe Simpson in the episode Lady Bouvier's Lover.
  • British comedian Eric Morecambe would occasionally break into an impression of Durante on the Morecambe and Wise Show while wearing a plastic cup on his nose, miming piano-playing and putting on a fake accent to say: "Sitting at my pianna the udder day..."
  • Durante has also remained a favorite subject of comic impersonation, including the recent television comedy, Family Guy.
  • The Blanks album, 'Riding the Wave' includes a song entitled The Ballad of Jimmy Durante, performed in a doo-wop, vocal group style.
  • Herry Monster from Sesame Street had a voice (and nose) modeled after Jimmy Durante.
  • A street on the east side of Las Vegas is named after Durante. A street in Del Mar, California, specifically located at the Del Mar Thoroughbred Club, is also named after him.
  • In the fourth season of I Love Lucy, Lucy impersonates famous Hollywood celebrities, including Jimmy Durante.
  • Referred to in Cole Porter's song "You're the Top."
  • Martin Short uses a Jimmy Durante imitation in character as aging vaudevillian songsmith Irving Cohen. When this character was revived almost 20 years later for his one-man show, Martin Short: Fame Becomes Me, he amped up the Durante imitation to the point of using his catchphrase "Ha-cha-cha-chaaaaaaa!" as his exit line.
  • The 1960s North Carolina Beach Music group, The Huckleberry Mudflap, featured a song referencing Durante, "Goodnight, Mrs. Kollendoffer, Wherever You Are," as the flip side to their regional hit record "Blue Surf".
  • In the late 1960s, Jimmy Durante appeared in a commercial for Scotties tissue, claiming that he liked them because they were "3-sneezers".
  • Mentioned in the Frank Sinatra/Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland song, "How About You?"
  • A 2008 Acura MDX commercial uses Durante's "Make Someone Happy" throughout.
  • Crow, from Mystery Science Theater 3000, often imitated Jimmy Durante during movies or in sketches.
  • In the "Powerpuff Girls" there is a monkey that is named Ha-cha-cha-cha and has a big nose, which refers to Jimmy's quote ha-cha-cha-cha.
  • Cartoonist Drew Friedman created a one-page comic strip for Spy Magazine called "Jimmy Durante Boffs Young Starlets." The strip shows Durante with a bevy of young ladies to whom he exclaims, "And you goils thought my NOSE was big!"
  • The 1991 film City Slickers features Durante singing "Young At Heart" during scenes from the first day of the cattle drive.
  • The somewhat comic band 'The Blanks', also known as "Ted's Band" from the US comedy-drama Scrubs, released a song in their album 'Ride The Wave' called 'The Ballad of Jimmy Durante'. The song tells the story of Jimmy's life, with mention of his 'Schnozz', 'Ha cha cha cha' and everybody wanting to get into the act. The Ballad of Jimmy Durante lyrics, on The Blanks Website
  • In the musical 42nd Street, (set in the year 1933), the song "Gettin' Out of Town" features the phrase "hot-cha-cha-cha, hot-cha-cha-cha"—a possible reference to Durante.
  • Referenced in a Crispy Critters cereal commercial (1987). The commercials for the cereal featured a puppet named "Crispy" with pom-pom antennae and a furry yellow body. Crispy spoke and sang with a voice based on that of Jimmy Durante including the nonsense phrase "Ah-cha-cha-cha".
  • Glenn Beck parodies Jimmy Durante's "Mrs. Calabash" sign-off on his Television show replacing "Mrs. Calabash" with "Mrs. Dunn".
  • Jimmy Durante is mentioned in the song "Daddy's Nose" from the 1970s musical Saturday's Warrior.
  • George Washington's voice is thought to sound like Jimmy Durante's in a comic by Daniel Clowes.

Filmography (selection)

Discography

Listen to

References

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

James Francis Durante (10 February 189329 January 1980) American pianist, actor, comedian, composer, and singer; usually known as Jimmy Durante, also nicknamed "The Schnozzola", and "The Schnoz", in reference to his large nose.

Sourced

  • Goodnight Mrs. Calabash, wherever you are. I hope so
    • Famous sign-off line to all his radio and TV shows, the meaning of which he never publicly revealed, leading to much speculation and many theories. Only after his death did it become public knowledge that it was reference to his first wife, Jeanne Olson, who died in 1943, and that Calabash was a private name between them for Calabasas, California, where she spent much of the final years of her life.
  • Inka dinka doo, a dinka dee,
    A dinka doo.
    Oh, what a tune for crooning.
    Inka dinka doo, a dinka dee
    A dinka doo.
    It's got the whole world spooning.
    • Inka Dinka Doo" (1933) written with Fred Ryan and Harry Donnelly.

Unsourced

  • Be nice to people on your way up, because you're going to meet them all on your way down.
    • Variants: Be awful nice to 'em goin' up, because you're gonna meet 'em all comin' down.
      Be nice to people goin' up, because you're going to meet them all comin' down.
      Be nice to 'em goin' up, because you're going to meet them all comin' down.
  • Don't put no constrictions on da people. Leave 'em ta hell alone.
    • Variant: Why can't everybody leave everybody else the hell alone?
  • Everybody wants ta get inta da act!
  • Hotch-cha-cha-cha-cha!
  • I don't know where it's going, but I'm sticking with it!
    • Said after joining chorus girls in a conga line onstage.
  • I'd go home and cry. I made up my mind never to hurt anybody else, no matter what. I never made jokes about anybody's big ears, crossed eyes, or their stuttering.
    • In reference to being teased at school as a child for his looks.
  • I hate music, especially when it's played.
  • I'm mortified!
  • A reaction!
  • Stop 'da music! Stop 'da music!!
  • It's-a-castastrophe!
  • My wife has a slight impediment in her speech. Every now and then she stops to breathe.
  • Politics is developing more comedians than radio ever did.
  • Surrounded by assassins!
  • The bathroom is out of this world...which makes it a little inconvenient.
  • When I got through with him, he was all covered wit' blood— my blood.
  • When it comes to noses, you're a retailer. I'm a wholesaler!
  • UMBRIAGO! (Mentioned as one of Jimmy's Aquaintences, usually introduced in a boisterous manner)
  • You know, last night, I was telling Umbriago about my latest composition, called "Tony's Pushcart". He said, "'Tony's Pushcart'"? How does that go?" I said, "It doesn't go, you hafta push it!"
  • What a revoltin' duh-velopmin dis is!
  • (after singing a high note) Dat note was given to me by Bing Crosby, an' boy, was he glad ta get rid of it!
  • I gotta million of 'em, a million of 'em!
  • So I went to Hoboken to forget it and then I went to Hackensack to forget Hoboken.

External links

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